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Missionary Visitor 


Vol. XVII 

JANUARY :: 1915 

No. 1 

The Missionary Visitor 




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Entered as second class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for January, 1915 



Twenty Years Ago, By Mary Stover, 5 

Fifteen Years Ago, By Eliza B. Miller 6 

Ten Years Ago, By Nora Lichty, 7 

Now, By Anna M. Eby, • • 8 

A Reverie (Poem), By Rosa Kaylor, 10 

Our Big Field, By Wilbur B. Stover 10 

The Indian Church of the Brethren, By D. J. Lichty, 14 

Our Statistics, By Adam Ebey, 17 

Village Schools and Sunday-schools, By J. B. Emmert, District Sun- 
day-school Secretary, 18 

Our Industrial Work, By Q. A. Holsopple, 22 

Our India Workers: The Men, By I. S. Long, 24 

Our India Workers: Women, By Eme V. Long, 27 

India Music, By Sadie J. Miller, • • 28 

Morning Watch.— Mark 1 : 35, By J. M. Blough, 30 

India Notes for November, By Alice K. Ebey 30 

Notes from China for October, By Anna N. Crumpacker, 36 

Echoes from the Southland, By Wm. E. White, 37 

Have You Started Your Mission Study Class? By the Editor, 38 

Special Missionary Conference, By Ross D. Murphy 39 

Three New Books, 40 


The Prayer Life of the Volunteer, By Benj. Summer 42 


Our Missionary Children, By Alice K. Ebey, 34- 



The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVII JANUARY, 1915 

Number 1 


An enterprising class of junior boys 
in the Waterloo Sunday-school, Iowa, 
is raising money to buy farming imple- 
ments for Bro. D. J. Lichty, in India. 

The North Manchester Sunday- 
school, Indiana, has funds to support a 
missionary on the foreign field. The 
school is asking for a missionary. Who 
will volunteer to go out as its represent- 
ative? Will we allow funds to remain 
idle? u ««c 

Postcards have been mailed to each 
minister in the Brotherhood, reminding 
him that this is the time of year to re- 
new his Visitor subscription. Hun- 
dreds of cards are coming back to us, 
requesting the paper for another year. 
In years past hundreds have never been 
heard from. From the return of these 
cards we can form a fairly good esti- 
mate of the number of ministers really 
in earnest in mission work. 

A brother in Kansas, instead of pro- 
tecting his wheat crop by fire insurance, 
insured it with the Lord and has sent in 
for His work the premium he would 
have paid on an insurance policy. The 
wheat crop was amply protected, the in- 
surer pleased, and the premium, $25, 
will be enough to keep an India boy in 
school for one year. 

Word comes that ground has been 
staked off for a new church at Umalla, 
India, Bro. D. J. Lichty's station. Ex- 
cavating will begin at once. This will 
be the second permanent churchhouse 

built in India, the other being at Bulsar. 
Each congregation there is looking for- 
ward to a time when it, too, may have a 
good, substantial building. 

The offering for World-Wide Mis- 
sions in Denmark for the last nine 
months has been over 100 kroners, or 
Danish dollars. This is from a mem- 
bership of scarcely 100 souls. 

Bro. Ross D. Murphy is spending a 
part of November and the months of 
December and January among the 
churches of Northern Indiana. He is 
especially emphasizing the new mission- 
study course, and is hopeful for a num- 
ber of classes for the winter, in the new 
book, " Christian Heroism in Heathen 
Lands." m y 

A few of the State 'Districts have not 
selected missionary secretaries for the 
year 1915. Evidently they have over- 
looked the matter or considered it un- 
important. Inasmuch as the General 
Mission Board is very desirous of push- 
ing missionary education in the church- 
es, and Conference assisted by creating 
the office of District Missionary Secre- 
tary, this failure to appoint works con- 
siderable inconvenience. 

The churches of Denmark, in their 
last District Conference, adopted for 
themselves the gospel rule of giving as 
laid down in 1 Cor. 16 : 2. They stand in 
defense of the full Gospel in giving as 
well as in their other activities. Let us 

The Missionary Visitor 


pray that we may ail get back to this 
apostolic method. 

There are for this year twenty-one 
members in the Bridgewater Volunteer 
Band. A brother recently wrote from 
there saying, " They are a bunch of 
faithful people, who believe in work." 

Lordsburg Volunteer Band, Califor- 
nia, in November assigned the names of 
all our foreign missionaries to different 
members of the band, so that Christmas 
letters might be sent to each one. 

A brother says : " In this church 
everything is stiff and suspicious. But 
the sheep are just like the shepherd." 
From this we would gather that this 
shepherd leads his flock into very stony 
pastures, on thorny ground. Christ leads 
His sheep into green pastures. The 
shepherds appointed over His flocks can 
likewise do so if they have the disposi- 
tion. ^->- 

A new leaflet, " Sidetracking, Satan's 
Trick." is out for free distribution. We 
shall be glad to send copies to all who 
may ask for them. 

Bombay, India, is on exactly the op- 
posite side of the world from Denver. 
Colo. While the children in Denver are 
going to sleep, those in Bombay are just 
getting ready for their morning rice and 
curry. ^->. 

God had but one Son and He made 
Him a Missionary. If He should come 
to your church, brother, what welcome 
would He receive? Would you be will- 
ing to have Him publicly speak of your 
faithfulness to missionary tasks? Would 
your life please Him? AVould the ideals 
of your church find favor with Him? " 

The American section of the World's 
Sunday-school Association has recently 
made an appeal for " a million nickels 
from a million Sunday-school scholars 

for a million Testaments for a million 
soldiers in the hospitals, camps, war 
prisons and battlefields of the Great 
War." Xickels for this purpose should 
be sent to Arthur M. Harris, Metropoli- 
tan Tower, Xew York City. 

Millions of children in different parts 
of Europe at this time are perishing for 
want of proper nourishment. Half- 
starved mothers must watch by their ba- 
bies as their little lives go out in death. 
One can hear the appeal of these fam- 
ishing babes : 
" Give me three grains of corn, mother; 

Give me three grains of corn: 
'Twill keep the little life I have 

Till the coming of the morn." 

The Chinese Christian churches gen- 
erally lack young men and maidens. 
Congregations are 80 per cent adults, 
and many little children, but few youths 
between 15 and 25 years of age. They 
must be won for Christ through the Sun- 

The Visitor recently sent to Bro. J. F. 

Graybill in Sweden a number of cuts 
which will appear in the new Swedish 
paper. " Evangelii Budbarare." This 
paper is proving a blessing to our work 
in that land. 

Bro. E. H. Eby. from Seattle, sends 
an order for eighteen copies of " Chris- 
tian Heroism " for their mission-studv 
classes. This is the largest order yet re- 

The largest cash donation received 
this month is $20,000 endowment, the 
proceeds of a farm in Ohio given to the 
Board a couple of years ago by a faith- 
ful brother and sister. The brother has 
since gone to his heavenly home. There 
are a good many farms over the Broth- 
erhood that the Lord should have, and 
by His grace they are being given into 
His hands. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Bro. D. J. Blickenstaff, District Mis- 
sionary Secretary for Southern Illinois, 
plans on getting into every home in his 
District in the interest of systematic 
giving and mission study. We shall ex- 
pect even greater things from this Dis- 
trict. This is an example of what any 
District may do, when it chooses the 
right man for secretary and then opens 
the way for him to give his time to the 

A sister in Canada, in asking us to as- 
sign two China orphans to their union 
Sunday-school, says their Sunday-school 
superintendent is a faithful one, always 
prompt and on time. She says he gets 
up on the Lord's Day the same as on 
any other. The late sleeping superin- 
tendent is a relic of the antiquated past. 
He usually does not inspire his Sunday- 
school to support many orphans abroad. 

The missionary committee of Eliza- 
bethtown church, Pennsylvania, almost 
a year ago introduced systematic giving 
into the church. Ninety-four members 
have already adopted the plan. For the 
first six months of the year they re- 
ceived more money under this plan than 
had been given for the whole year be- 
fore the plan was introduced. 

Many churches think they need fi- 
nancial assistance. They teach them- 
selves to believe that they are poor. 
Many of these need only assistance to 
lead them into the blessings of syste- 
matic giving. They then discover that 
they are rich and that they had known it 


We are very glad indeed to turn over 
to the India missionaries the major por- 
tion of this issue of the Visitor. The 
credit belongs to them. Special credit 
must be given Bro. W. B. Stover for as- 
sembling the material and forwarding it 
to the office. The editorials succeeding 
this one were written by Bro. Stover. 

The war is the topic of conversation 
all over the land. We are in no physi- 
cal danger, so far as we can see, but the 
work in hand takes a second place in the 
thought of many. When we can ex- 
plain the situation to illiterate peoples, 
who have been frightened by stories by 
the police, or other persons, perhaps 
Mohammedans, telling them they will 
be caught, they will be carried to Eu- 
rope, they will be killed there, etc., then 
we do them a good turn, as well as pre- 
pare the way for conversation on spiri- 
tual things ; e. g., the war between the 
flesh and the spirit; the war with the 
evil one. For the missionary, who is a 
missionary indeed, there are few inci- 
dents which can not be made to do serv- 
ice in preaching the Gospel. 

" Near the town of Songhad, in a lit- 
tle village place, were recently found in 
one house a father and mother, four 
brothers and the wife of one of them, al- 
so eleven children, making eighteen in all. 
When the old man was asked the names 
of his household, he could give only his 
own and the names of two brothers. 
When a man can not .tell the names of 
his own children, how can he remember 
the name of the Lord? Yet even this 
man can be led into the way of Truth." 
— Prakash Patra. 

A certain amount of building is al- 
ways a necessity at every mission sta- 
tion. If new structures are not needed, 
then repairs are sure to be. Yet the mis- 
sionary whose report is composed of 
brick and mortar, is a mission field ne- 
cessity. Some must do building, and 
some must do teaching, but every mis- 
sionary, builder, doctor, teacher or any- 
thing else, ought to be a preacher of the 
Gospel to the non-Christian people, and 
as he insists on regularly getting out 
several days every month to do such 
work, his burden will be lightened, for 
to this end have we come. 

The Missionary Visitor 


Sister Ida Shumaker has found a new- 
place in her missionary experience, thus 
giving an example and stimulus to the 
rest of us. She has received a welcome 
in the high school at Bulsar, and goes to 
it once a week, sometimes once in two 
weeks, to deliver before the boys a lec- 
ture in English on some familiar topic. 
Of course such lectures are not sermons,, 
but talks on familiar subjects, which 
prove helpful to all. It seems to me that 
this is exceedingly good. 

Bro. Lichty makes mention of three 
s's, saloon, saukar, and sagga. Xo one 
except those who have had experience 
can fully appreciate what the money- 
lender means to the people of India. 
Often he is an aid in time of need, but 
very much- more frequently is he the 
source of all mischief, lending money on 
terms which only severe necessity would 
permit, and collecting with a spirit that 
only saukars know. But the sagga. why 
should they. hinder? A man's relation- 
ship, his kin in India, have a great deal 
to do with him. They arrange for his 
marriage, and they dispose of his body 
when he dies. How can he ignore them ? 
So, whoever has anything, he becomes 
the life of those who have nothing, and 
so very often remains, till they all have 
nothing alike ! 

The map of the field which appears in 
this issue is quite true to the facts. It 
was prepared by Bro. S. Ira Arnold, 
and we are glad to be able to present 
such a map, which we know will be ap- 
preciated by all who are interested in 
our India mission field. This will fill a 
long-felt want. It is up to date, and in 
colors, and should go into every home. 
It will help you to study our big field, 
200 miles from Ankleshwer to Bombay ! 

" In the new government third reader 
is an interesting story, in which four 
men meet their just end. The four are 
robbers, two of whom took monev and 

went to a town to buy food. The oth- 
er two said to each other that ' w T hen 
they return, if we kill them, all will be 
ours.' These two, while on the way, 
said to each other, 'If we poison the 
food, the other two will eat and die, and 
all will be ours.' So it was done, and 
all four died! Unfaithful irreligious 
men can not trust each other, even if 
they are banded together, but men faith- 
ful and true incline to trust every one, 
for they themselves are honest." — Pra- 
kash Patra. ^ ^ 

The work of the single sisters always 
is at a premium, whether it be in the dis- 
pensary or in the schoolroom, or in the 
villages among the people. The women 
are the greatest sufferers from real rank 
darkness. The men regard themselves 
as their lords, and they lord it often 
over the bit of a heritage they have. 
The sister gets into the hearts and homes 
of the women, speaks to them of bet- 
ter things to come, explains the common 
affairs of life, tells them what ofttimes 
their husbands might tell them if they 
would, and shows them the message of 
the Word. -^ ^ 

I am finishing these notes, and mailing 
all the manuscript for the January Vis- 
itor today. Twenty years ago today 
we sailed for India. Then it was a ven- 
ture. We felt that God was the only 
One to Whom we could look for guid- 
ance and help. Twenty j^ears have 
passed. We find our faith in Him 
greatly increased. Something for him 
has been done, whereof we are very 
glad. But how much more ought we to 
do ! With the Bible School closed, with 
Bro. Blough almost broken in health, 
away in the mountains, with the work 
growing all round us, how much more 
ought we to do ! How much more ! I 
pray the church at home may see it — 
how much more ! 

W. B. Stover. 

Ankleshwer, India, Oct. 16, ipi 4. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Scene at Anklesvar. 
A boy plays on his one string instrument and sings. Then asks alms. 


Mary Stover. 

IS it really twenty years since we 
landed in Bombay — Wilbur, Sister 
Bertha and I? Yes, it is twenty 
years, though it scarcely seems so long 
ago. I remember how lonely we were 
after leaving acquaintances formed on 
the ship, and when we realized that we 
had come to the end of our long journey. 
We were face to face with the problem 
of beginning the work in a strange land 
for our church. It was a time of re- 
lying earnestly upon the Lord, and of 
seeking His direction, and surely He 
has not failed us. 

Deciding upon a location, renting a 
house, beginning life in our new home at 
Bulsar, difficulty of getting a teacher, 
having to manage for a time without be- 
ing able to converse with any one in 
Gujerati — all these were more serious 
problems than they now seem, viewed 
from so long a time afterward. 

We remember gratefully our fellow- 
ship with Bro. Laperson and family, 
who were friends indeed. After our 
hours of language study (for we usually 

put in ten hours a day at it), how re- 
freshing were the evenings spent to- 
gether in English conversation, hymns 
and prayer ! Sometimes they came to 
our house ; sometimes we went to theirs. 
We enjoyed together services on Sun- 
day and Wednesday evenings in English 
in the small room set apart as a railway 
library. At these services there were 
frequently several non-Christians who 
understood English. Several were con- 
verted. These were seasons of refresh- 
ing which stand out prominently now as 
we remember the beginning of the work 
in India. 

At the end of our first year Brother 
and Sister Miller made their initial visit 
to us. This and their later visits were 
times of joy and blessing. 

How to get a start was the question. 
As soon as we could repeat the Lord's 
Prayer in Gujerati, and put together 
several short petitions, we had daily 
Gujerati prayers in our home. Soon 
we had Sunday-school on Sunday morn- 
ings, showing pictures and telling about 

The Missionary Visitor 


them. We secured a man from the 
Methodist Mission, with whom Wilbur 
went preaching in the bazar and villages. 
At first people were distrustful, but soon 
they stopped to listen and became 
friends. Then came two other workers 
from the Salvation Army. In the 
spring of 1897 eleven were received by 
baptism into the church. The famine of 
the same year gave us about thirty or- 
phan children to care for; besides there 
was relief work to do among famine 
sufferers, which led many people to 
think favorably of the missionaries. 

How gladly we welcomed the coming 
of Brother and Sister Forney and little 
Ruth, Brother McCann and Sister Gib- 
bel (afterwards Sister McCann) ! In 
due time two new stations, Jalalpor and 
Ankleshwer, were opened by these 

brethren, and so the work began to 
spread and the gospel seed continued to 
be sown in wider fields. 

The first years had their problems, 
but also their joys. Several times se- 
rious illness seized one or another of our 
little number, but the Lord sustained us 
and kept us from the temptation to give 
up. And when restored to health we 
were surer than ever that the Lord has 
a work for our church here, and will 
give us the joy of seeing it well estab- 

It is with heartfelt thanksgiving that 
we recall the experiences of our first 
years in India. We made plenty of 
blunders, but could we do better were 
we to live those years over? To our 
loving Heavenly Father be the praise 
for all the good that was done. 


Eliza B. Miller. 

FIFTEEN years ago in India our 
missionary staff numbered ten ; 
four men, four four married wo- 
men and two " Miss Sahibs." One mis- 
sionary was on furlough after five years 
on the field, two had been on the field six 
years, four three years, and three had 
just arrived. Of the ten only five are 
on the field now. I wonder if half of 
the present number will drop out within 
the next fifteen years. I hope and pray 
that they will not, for some one has said, 
"Old missionaries are the mission as- 

Fifteen years ago only four children 
were in the mission family, all but one 
born in India. One was four years old, 
one three years, one two years, and one 
only a baby. There were two boys and 
two girls. A school for missionary 
children was not then a mission prob- 

Fifteen years ago India was scourged 

with famine. There was want and suf- 
fering, so that government and the mis- 
sions had opened many relief stations. 
Our mission also engaged in this good 
work. Grain was being given out at 
Bulsar every Saturday afternoon to 
hundreds of people. Bro. McCann was 
distributing supplies at several stations 
on the Raj Pipla State Railway. Con- 
ditions were most distressing. Many 
children were left homeless and quite 
penniless. A number of them were 
gathered into our three mission stations, 
Bulsar, Jalalpor, and Ankleshwer. The 
Stovers and the new missionaries were 
at Bulsar. The mission bungalow and 
other buildings had just been completed. 
The Forneys were at Jalalpor and the 
McCanns were at Ankleshwer. At 
both places they were building, and 
meanwhile living in rented houses. 
Most of the time of the missionaries was 
taken up in looking after the orphan 


The Missionary Visitor 

children, and in helping the starving. 
Pestilence followed famine, and all 
workers were attending to the physical 
needs of the afflicted people. May the 
Lord spare us from a repetition of such 
times ! 

Fifteen years have passed rapidly 
away. Years full of joyous work, of 
new experiences, and of happy service 

they have been. We have had our sor- 
rows and our causes for rejoicing; we 
have had successes and reverses, but the 
Lord has been very gracious, and we 
praise Him for all He has done for us. 
" The Lord hath done great things for 
us, whereof we are glad." We will love 
Him and serve Him as long as we may 

Brethren Stover and H. C. Early. 

Street preaching in Bhil quarters, Anklesvar. A street sprinkler is in the 



Nora Lichty. 

AS we look into the future we won- 
der what it will be to us, but as we 
look back we know what has been. 
Ten years is not a long time in history, 
but during the past decade we have made 
some progress, and we hope we have 
laid a good foundation for future work. 
Ten years of history has been made. 
What will the next ten years bring 
forth ? 

Ten years ago our missionaries num- 
bered twenty-six. Of these, nine were 
newly arrived, eight had been here only 
one year, two had been at work two 
years, and seven only were in real ac- 
tive service. We had two languages, 

Mafathi and Gujerati. Seven of us 
were in Marathi and nineteen in the 
Gujerati field. Of the twenty-six there 
are at present only fourteen on the field. 
Sister Quinter has gone to her long 
home, and eleven are in America. Of 
these some are on furlough, others are 
there because of health conditions, but 
we know their hearts are with us. 

Ten years ago there were only the 
three main stations, but soon afterward 
work was opened at Vyara, an entirely 
new field, and at Vali, where much had 
been done before. Here at Vali famine 
relief work had been carried on, and in 
this village and others a number had 

The Missionary Visitor 


already been baptized. At the three 
older stations orphanages existed, but 
presently, to relieve workers for the 
field, all the children were sent to Bul- 
sar. In Marathi, Dahanu was the main 
station. Here medical work was car- 
ried on rather extensively. Vada and 
Ahwa were new fields. 

As we look back, every one of us 
can easily see plenty of mistakes. We 
humbly confess to have made many, but 
even with -occasional -failure we are- not 
discouraged. The years have been full 
of joy in serving our Master. 

What is past is past. We have done 
the best we knew how to do. There 
have been a number of accessions to 
the church, and there has been a fall- 
ing away from grace by some. But the 
future looks encouraging to us, and we 
press on. We have met with difficul- 
ties, but we have never felt like giving 
up. Sickness laid upon us a heavy hand, 
but the Lord has been good. Only two 
of our number have fallen asleep. A 
few have been compelled to remain at 
home, but we do not feel they have 
lost out. We know they are serving the 
Master there. We can truly say, "The 

Keep tie Birds from tlie Growing 1 Crops. 

mercy of the Lord endureth for ever," 
and " Surely goodness and mercy shall 
follow me all the days of my life ; and 

I will dwell in the house of the Lord 
for ever." 


Anna M. Eby. 

OUR present force of missionaries 
numbers thirty-five, including 
seven on furlough. Eight stations 
are occupied, five in Gujerat and three 
in Marathi. In Gujerat there are twen- 
ty-six workers, and nine in the Marathi 

Two missionary physicians joined us 
a year ago, and one (I hope) is now on 
her way. A dispensary to suit present 
needs is being planned for Bulsar. One 
competent nurse has been on the field 
for six years, and the results of her 
efforts are verv satis factor}-. Others, 

also, who did not come as nurse or mis- 
sionary, are administering to many of 
the needy ones of India. 

A Bible Teachers' Training School 
at Bulsar for Gujerati workers is a val- 
uable addition. One year of successful 
effort has been completed. But at this 
writing (October) the school is closed 
because of the breakdown to Bro. 
Blough's health. Xo one could be found 
who might take up the labor. Such a 
training school is needed also in Mara- 

The mission at present has about 150 


The Missionary Visitor 

Indian workers, men and women. They 
are either teachers in schools or helpers 
with the evangelistic missionary. 

Four boarding-schools are in opera- 
tion, one boys' school and one girls' 
school each at Bulsar and Vyara. Oth- 
ers have been asked for. The board- 
ing-schools have been opened within the 
last few years. Fifty-three village 
schools are in session in the territory 
covered by our mission. 

A monthly paper called the Prakash 
Patra (" Letter of Light ") and a Sun- 
day-school quarterly are published in 
Gujerati'by the mission. 

We have seven organized congrega- 
tions with a membership of about 1,300 
Indian Christians. They contribute an- 
nually about $333 (1,000 rupees) for 
home mission work in Raj Pipla State, 

where two workers are supported. 
Their efforts began five years ago. 

A goodly number are received into the 
church each year. Last year 115 were 
baptized, but others were withheld for 
further teaching. Most of us feel that 
the work would better be intensive than 
extensive, though when large numbers 
show signs of conversion they are cer- 
tainly welcome. We need more work- 
ers if we would reach the masses. Our 
field is too large to be properly cared 
for by the present limited force. Some 
have broken down under the strain and 
others will do so unless we have rein- 
forcements soon. Who will answer the 
call from this needy field? "Lift up 
your eyes, and look on the fields, that 
they are white already unto harvest." 

Six Hundred at Sinner in the Open Air Dining 1 Boom. District meeting*, Anklesvar, India. 


From North and South and East and West, 
When shall the peoples, long unblest, 
All find their everlasting rest, 
O Christ, in Thee? 

When shall the climes of ageless snow 
Be with the gospel light aglow; 
And all men their Redeemer know, 
O Christ, in Thee? 

When on each southern balmy coast 

Shall ransomed men, in countless host, 

Rise, heart and voice, to make sweet boast, 
O Christ, in Thee? 

Oh, when, in all the Orient lands, 
From cities white and flaming sands, 
Shall men lift dedicated hands, 

O Christ, to Thee? 
Oh, when shall heathen darkness roll 
Away in light from pole to pole, 
And endless day by every soul 

Be found in Thee? 
Bring, Lord, the long-predicted hour, 
The ages' diadem and flower, 
When all shall find their Refuge, Tower, 

And Home in Thee! 

G. T. Coster. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Rosa Kaylor. 


In the library of Father Time 
A vision of books of every kind. 

We began their titles to scan. 
Of fiction and poetry, great volumes are 

Of history and art more than their share; 

And many on the works of man. 

Among the rest, almost hid from sight, 
Are books on " Salvation," " Life," and 
" Light," 

And how man may be freed from sin. 
A small volume, too, whence, hand in hand 
God and man have taken a stand 

To fight against the wicked one. 

As we turn the pages of the book 

We stop to ponder, to think, and look; 

Past and present seem almost together. 
But many pages come" between, 
Struggles and joys are noted therein, 

Showing cloudy and sunny weather. 

But shall we begin at the first again 
And read the foreword written so plain? 

It was copied from another Book — 
" Go and disciple every nation " — 
Who can ignore this obligation, 

When in the Master's face we look? 

Here is a page from ninety-four, 

With many pictures, yes, quite a score, 

Scenes of twenty years ago. 
Three, sturdy souls, with purpose true, 
On India's soil, which to each was new, 

Began the seed to sow. 

Then we read of anguish and pain, 
The cry of the famished ones for grain; 

Disease and death were rife. 
Some were rescued — dark was the hour, 
Yet out of the darkness came a power — 

They " passed from death unto life." 

Then followed joys, yet mixed with grief, 
Struggles and victories. Leaf after leaf 

We turn in anxious quest. 
Of new souls answering the gospel call, 
New lives ready to surrender all, 

While some are laid to rest. 

As the leaves are turned we come to a place. 
Where to the present year is given a space, 

And a picture at the last: 
A bird's-eye view of result of toil, 
And the fruitfulness of India's soil 

After a score of years are past. 

Schools, churches, and villages are seen — 
The result of those who were gathered in. 

And what a change it has wrought — 
Taught trades of all kinds, you have heard, 
Books secular, and the Holy Word — 

Say you it has been for naught? 

Then the book was closed, we peered into 

To look the future in the face. 

O Father, our vision enlarge! 
Help us to gather the multitudes in, 
Who still are so helpless in their sin! 

Give us strength our work to discharge! 


Wilbur B. Stover. 

IN looking at the map, in contempla- 
ting the figures, and in going up and 
down through the talukas (coun- 
ties), I have often felt deeply impressed 
with the bigness of our India mission 
field. I trust this presentation may help 
many of our good people at home to get 
that impression more vividly fixed in 
their minds. 

Dealing with figures is sometimes 
called " conjuring with figures," be- 
cause figures so often mislead. There 
are facts that figures can not show. 

There are also facts that figures alone 
can show, and we are after these. 

In Table I the great first fact is that 
our field has a population of one and a 
fourth million of souls ! This is equal 
to the population of Maryland, and is 
more than Nebraska ! The backward 
classes, who are comparatively easy to 
reach, number almost as many as the 
population of the whole State of Maine, 
and more than Oregon ! And when we 
speak of our territory, our India field 
covers about the same as Connecticut 


The Missionary Visitor 


and Delaware taken together ! Raj Pipla 
State is larger than Rhode Island ! All 
this is our India field ! Read it slowly — 
o-u-r India f-i-e-1-d! The last column 
shows the number of literate over twen- 
ty years of age. 

Now take the same, and cluster the 
talukas and half talukas round about the 
stations where we have missionaries lo- 
cated, and we get a new view of our big 
field. Chikhli and Vansda talukas I 

are missionary people. They make con- 
verts whenever they can, not question- 
ing the methods used. Now all these 
hosts cluster around eight mission sta- 
tions ! Compare the backward classes 
to the total population. Count it out 
for yourself. Add the columns for your- 
self. Get the conviction. Grip the fact 
that constantly stares us in the face, and 
it will grip you henceforth ! Eight mis- 
sion stations. Eight centers of light 

Table I. 










' 957 

Bulsar, .... 
Chikhli, .... 
Dahanu, . . . 
-Dong States, 
Gandevi, . . . 


Jalalpor, . . . 
Mahuva, . . . 
Palghar, . . . 
Raj Pipla, .. 
Songhad, . . . 



Velachha, . . 




308 ? 



















45,272 . 














































































have placed alone, for they come be- 
tween Bulsar and Jalalpor, and, in fact, 
have not been worked by either, except 
a very little. The area of Gaequar ter- 
ritory is approximately correct, and 
marked with (?). Mohammedan popu- 
lation shows large alongside the little 
Christian population. Mohammedans 

and learning to penetrate into the dark- 
ness ! How many centers of light and 
learning in Nebraska? How many in 
Maryland? How many in Maine? How 
many in Oregon? And how does the 
darkness compare with that of India? 
The figures given are from the govern- 
ment census of 1911. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Table II. 

Stations (Grouped) 










a 1 






























Hansot, . . 
Vankul, . , 

Raj Pipla, 

Vyara, . . . 

Talalpor, . 




Dong States, . 

Dahanu Road, 
Palghar, . . . 


. 153 

75 ? 


100 ? 









1 295 





































270 ' 











































Let us take another view of the big 
field. Let us divide it into " State Dis- 
tricts," as we do at home. It naturally 
falls into three parts, the Northern, the 
Central, and the Southern. The Central 
might be divided into eastern and wes- 
tern, but since the Dong Forests speak 
Marathi, and must be classed with the 
Marathis, we will count but the three. 
The Northern District speaks Gujerati, 
the Central speaks Gujerati, and the 
Southern speaks Marathi. The Mara- 
thi part of the field is just a bit less than 
a third of the whole field. The back- 
ward classes of Raj Pipla State and 
Dharampore State are about equal in 

number, but work has made much more 
progress among those of Raj Pipla 
State. The Bhils in the north are very 
accessible. In the Gaequar territory the 
compulsory education law makes an en- 
tering wedge for schools, where there 
are none by government. In the Dongs 
and in the other parts of the South the 
door is open when we do the work. 
Three Districts show numbers as fol- 

If we undertake mission work with 
the same business enterprise and genius 
that we show in other things, this prob- 
lem will not be so serious. If we were 
at war with another country, we would 


The Missionary Visitor 


Table III. 


























North District 



| 2,654 

1 1 


1 2 







1 268,762 



Central District, 


Southern District, 


| 7,002 

| 2,795 

i 1,268,723 



have generalship to figure out the need 
in men and money. Why can we not 
do the same when we are in the battle 
for the right and for the Lord? Sev- 
eral of us have worked out our needs 
for this big field as follows : 

in missionary circles. If, we are work- 
ing the field, none else will. If we fail 
to do so, how can we say NO to others ? 
Now if the home church will grasp the 
situation, and help us lay hold of this 
field, we will occupy for the Master, 

' Table IV. 

12 Mission stations at 500 rupees per month, $24,000 

7 Boarding-schools would cost about, 13,000 

60 Missionaries, 49 always on field, at $300 a head, 18,000 

30 Children of missionaries, which is variant, 3,000 

New buildings and repairs, annual for some years, 8,000 

Furloughs home, also a yearly expenditure, 2,000 

Land purchase, and miscellaneous, 7,000 

Total annual expenditure of men and means required, $75,000 


We can not now be said adequately to 
be occupying the whole field. If an- 
other mission should want to share with 
us, we can not say No. Adequate oc- 
cupancy is the one word which has force 

and for the Brethren ! But if you will 
let us stick, why, we will do the best 
we can, even though we lose much ! 
Shall we occupy our big field? 

public Highway in Front of Bulsar Mission House, Showing Teacher's Line in Pore- 
ground and Brethren Church in the Distance, 


The Missionary Visitor 


At Vuli. Center Building is Old Church. Soon to he Replaced. 


D. J. Lichty. 

THREE main sources have supplied 
the membership of the Indian 
church up to date. A few came 
from neighboring missions, a large 
number of boys and girls were reared 
in the orphanages, but by far the largest 
number are from the villages, the -di- 
rect result of evangelistic effort. It is 
noteworthy and is gratifying to know 
that the latter will continue to be the 
principal field of our future activities. 

Representatives of eight castes are to 
be found among our people. Our vil- 
lage Christians are mostly from the 
common people. They are poor in spirit 
and needy in every way. Only a pain- 
fully limited number of high-castes, 
though not less needy, have joined us in 
Christ. Besides the above a Parsee, one 
Syrian, some Eurasians and several 
Europeans have been received into 
membership. It can not be said that 
caste feeling has been entirely eliminated 
from the Indian church, yet it is very 
evident that the grace of our Lord has 

wrought great wonders in this respect. 

In 1899 Eld. D. L. Miller presided at 
the organization of the first Brethren 
church in India. Anklesvar followed in 
1901, and Jalalpor shortly after. Vali 
came next, in 1907, Amletha (without 
a resident missionary) in 1909, Vyara in 
1910, and Ahwa in 1914. These seven 
churches of Asia, respectively, had an 
initial membership of 45, 38(?), 22, 
20 (?), 21. In December, 1913, they 
had respectively, 201, 436, 24, 114, 22, 
345, and 37 members, which shows not 
a phenomenal growth, but a steady one. 
Six of these churches are Gujerati and 
one Marathi. All are comprised in one 
church District, which is usually repre- 
sented on Annual Meeting Standing 
Committee by one or another of our mis- 
sionaries on furlough. Missionaries on 
furlough serve as delegates from 
local churches to Annual Conference. 

Four of the above churches have en- 
tertained our District Meetings. Each 
congregation sends its delegates, and a 


The Missionary Visitor 


good portion of the membership also at- 
tends. These meetings have more to 
do with the immediate needs of the field, 
than with questions intended for Annual 
Conference, and are usually of short 
duration. The Sunday-school, Mission- 
ary, and Workers' Meetings held in 
connection with them arouse much en- 
thusiasm and inspiration. Since four 
years our District, through a Home 
Mission Board, has been maintaining a 
mission among the Bhils of Rajpipla 
State. Thus far the work has been most- 
ly pioneering. Because of this and the 
lack of competent workers the result 
has not been as great as we hope it will 
be in the future. 

In 1909 the Mission Board, assisted 
by the local congregation, erected a 
permanent church edifice at Bulsar. 
The Vali church is preparing to build a 
place of worship under similar condi- 
tions, during the current year. The lit- 
tle church at Amledha is trying to pay 
for a small hall which the mission built 
last year. It is encouraging to note that 
in 1913 our Indian Christians gave on 
an average 14 cents per member for 
charity and local expenses and about 
35 cents per member for District mis- 
sion work. The Indian church needs to 
go a good way yet to attain unto self- 
government, but in so far as we have 
persisted in our counsels in their assum- 
ing responsibility, results have been en- 
couraging. Each congregation has 
chosen a full complement of deacons, 
but not of ministers. Only three of the 
latter have to date been chosen, and one 
of them is not acting. Possibly we, as 
missionaries, are equally to blame with 
the Indian church in this lamentable 
paucity of leadership and in the limited 
confidence she has in her own men as 

The Indian church is not an exhibi- 

tion of modern machinery, nor a mu- 
seum filled with cold statuary and fine 
art. Rather, it is a field with teeming 
life and vegetation in various stages of 
growth and fructivity. It is wheat in the 
making. It will finally be what it now 
is becoming. Hand weeding is one of 
the principal agricultural operations in 
India and we have had to do a good bit 
of it in the Indian church. I am afraid 
that the birds got some of the seed that 
was not covered properly, and just as 
surely some seed germinated on stony 
ground, while some of it sprung up 
among thorns. There are tares, but we 
leave them to the mercy of the reapers. 
If there is any good in comparing or 
classifying the kinds of sins, our exper- 
ience is that the sins of the flesh are 
more persistent than those of the dis- 
position. A more pleasing operation is 
the cultivation of the wheat. Our In- 
dian Christians yield to intellectual and 
heart culture in proportion as we are 
willing and able to give it to them. By 
" we " I mean ourselves and you who 
are in America. It is to our shame and 
discredit that there are hundreds of vil- 
lage Christians who, because of existing 
conditions in our mission, are without 
adequate shepherding and teaching. In 
our parts, three " Bs " are the natural 
enemies of a ripening field of grain ; 
viz., birds, beasts and Bhils. They re- 
quire watching day and night. The 
natural and ever-present enemies of the 
Indian church consists of three " Ss " ; 
i. e., saloons, saukars (money-lenders) 
and sagga (relatives). The stability of 
our membership depends a good bit on 
how close a watch we keep over the 
field. One of the main duties of a mis- 
sionary at the older stations is the care 
of the churches. The future of the In- 
dian church will depend largely on how 
well he performs this duty. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Map of the Brethren's India Mission Field. 

Boundary marked thus — . Brethren Mission stations marked by lanre black 

square; railroads by barred line. Prom extreme north to extreme south of map 2? f rnifes 
Latitude of Ankbasvar (Northern boundary) same as Havana, Cuba, Our time is exactly 
b^Bro S I^lrn°ol d ra f °' ^ " iS n °° n &t DenVer !t is m *Wht with us (Map drawn 


The Missionary Visitor 



Adam Ebey. 

FIGURES! I like them sometimes 
and sometimes I do not. It is a 
pleasure to watch the growth of 
good things and the decrease of the 
evil. Here are a few figures and 
tables : 

Table I. Missionary Service. 

On the Field. 

On Furlough. 











<U O 







<D <U 

1) <u 






u. ■_ 

b£ be 






ni rt 

a c 







s § 

c/5 t/5 












































.. 1 














1 1 
















.. 1 









1 1 
















1 1 

1 .. 








2 2 

.. 1 








1 1 








2 2 








2 3 

.. 2 








2 2 








3 3 








5 5 

.. 1 



Total, .... 


127 10 



20 22 

1 5 



From the table we see that there 
have been 336 years spent on the field 
and forty-eight on furlough, with a to- 
tal service of 384 years in twenty years 
of missionary effort in India. 

The total cost of sending the mis- 
sionaries to the field, their support on 
the field and while on furlough, and all 
living expenses, has been about $160,- 
000; that is $8,000 per year, average. 
This means that the average cost per 
missionary per year for the above items 

is about $440. Has it been well spent? 
We think it has. 

Table II. Age On Coming to India. 

Youngest man was 21 ; youngest 
woman was 19; oldest man was 40; 
oldest woman was 40. 

Of the age of 25, 26, 27, 28, and 29, 
number of men, 12, of women, 14, a 
total of 26, which is more than one-half 
of the number. Under 25, were three 
men and five women ; total, eight. Over 
29, were five men and ten women ; to- 
tal, fifteen. 

Table III. Birthplace. 

Pennsylvania gave 13 

Ohio gave 7 

Indiana gave 7 

Illinois gave 7 

Iowa gave 5 

Maryland gave 2 

Virginia gave 2 

Nebraska gave 2 

West Virginia gave 1 

Tennessee gave 1 

Missouri gave 1 

Europe gave • • 1 

Table IV. Families. 

3 missionaries came from families of .... 2 

3 missionaries came from families of ... . 3 
5 missionaries came from families of .... 4 

4 missionaries came from families of ... . 5 
8 missionaries came from families of .... 6 

3 missionaries came from families of ... . 7 

4 missionaries came from families of .... 8 

1 missionary came from a family of .... 9 

4 missionaries came from families of .. ..11 

2 missionaries came from families of .... 13 

5 missionaries came from families of .... 14 
7 not ascertained. 

Table V. Age of Conversion. 

9 years, 1 

10 years, 2 

1 1 years, 4 

12 years, 3 

13 years, 7 

14 years, 9 

15 years, . . . .' • • 4 

16 years, 5 

17 years, 3 

18 years, 2 

19 years, . . .■ 4 

22 years, 1 

Not ascertained, .4 


The Missionary Visitor 


Of the figures at hand, nineteen were 
converted in series of meetings and ten 
at regular services. Twenty are not at 
hand. Nine were the children of elders, 
four of other ministers and two of dea- 

Parents were all Christians but one, 
and all members of the Church of the 
Brethren but eleven. 

Of the four not ascertained, three 
were converted early and possibly the 

Sixteen men and twenty-three wom- 
en are country-born and five men and 
four women from the town. One not 

Thirty-two were converted at 11, 12, 
13, 14, 15, and 16 years of age; three 
before 11 and ten after 16. Four not 
ascertained, but early. 

Forty-three have German, Swiss, and 
Dutch blood in them, whatever else 
they may have. Two are of Irish ex- 
traction, one other and three not ascer- 

In the main, these figures are correct. 
There are, perhaps, a few errors. They 
are not intentional. 

Karadoho, via Dahanu, India, Aug. 

22, IpI4. 


T. B. Emmert, Dist. S. S. Sec. 

Their Relation. 

THE relation between these two 
kinds of schools on the mission 
field is most natural. The teach- 
er is a Christian. He is there to do the 
people good, and there is scarcely any 
better way for him to teach them the 
Bible than in the Sunday-school. So 
he has a Sunday-school. 
The Great Need of Village Schools. 
The illiterate in our field are exceed- 
ingly plentiful. The government is 
supplying schools as revenue allows, 
but there is so much to be done that 
there are parts of our field in which 
there are practically no schools. Only 
the lack of teachers and money pre- 
vents the mission from opening hun- 
dreds of schools. If for no other rea- 
son, the -progress of the mission de- 
mands that education increase. 

The Great Opportunity. 
If we are in earnest in our efforts to 
lead this people to Christ speedily we 
can scarcely find a better way for do- 
ing it than through the Sunday-school. 
Five dollars a month is sufficient to 
meet the expenses of such a school and 
give opportunity for the Christian 

teacher to get in vital touch with from 
six to sixty pupils. Realizing the 
w r orth of the village school, the mission 
early decided that every worker should, 
as far as possible, be a teacher of a vil- 
lage school. This kind of work is 
popular with the villagers and some- 
times people come many miles to ask 

They Are Now Christians. 


The Missionary Visitor 


for a teacher. The getting of teachers 
is the problem. 

How We Get Teachers. 

At first we tried to use stray Chris- 
tians who came to us. They promised 
well but proved good for nothing. Then 
we tried Hindu teachers. They were 
but hired servants, and turned against 
us and counteracted our teaching as it 
suited them. During these experi- 
ments others were getting ready. If 
you could look back over the Visitors 
of ten years ago and see pictures of 
groups of children rescued from fam- 
ine, you would see the raw material. 
The monotony of long, trying years in 
the orphanage — treating vile sores, 
pouring in medicine, giving daily les- 
sons, line upon line, and occasionally 
wielding the rod — it is all so hard ; but 
the fruits are encouraging. Already 
we have from among these children 
fifty-one teachers, of whom twenty- 
seven are qualified according to the 
government standard, and five have a 
three years' course in a government 
training college. 

What the School Is Like. 
You will not find it in a little red 
schoolhouse on the hill. In many cases 
it finds shelter on some one's front 
porch, or perhaps in a room, one end 
of which is used for cattle at night. In 
case some of the villagers have already 
united with the church you may find a 
nice schoolroom in one end of the 
house, occupied by the teacher, who is 
also the leader of the little church. 
There are no desks or benches. The 
pupils sit on the floor with their books 
and slates in front of them. The pupils 
range in age from tots of four or five 
to boys of twelve or more. They have 
not worried their mothers much in get- 
ting ready for school. The smaller 
ones wear a coat, which usually hangs 
open, while the older ones add to this 
a loin cloth, varying in size according 
to the boy's age. Excepting the daugh- 

ters of Christians, there are very few 
girls to be seen. 

Night Schools. 

Many of these are conducted in the 
Anklesvar and Vali districts. Boys 
and men, anxious to learn to read, go 
to school at night, after a day of hard 
work in the field. They do it just like 
the children, and it is almost amusing 
to see them sit on the floor, and with 
big fingers, callous with hard work, en- 
deavor to execute on a slate the crook- 
ed characters which the teacher has 
told them represent the sounds of their 
A Sunday-School in Every Village School. 

As soon as our own boys and girls 
began to go out as teachers we con- 
ceived the idea of having a Sunday- 
school in every village school. Easy 
to do? Yes, and no. Yes, if the teach- 
er is well up and able ; no, if he is but a 
mere boy of fifteen, as some are when 
first put out in the field. Year by year 
we are coming nearer our idea, and I 
am glad to say that during the past few 
years we have not only been having 
Sunday-schools, but better ones. 
Our First Sunday-Schools. 

Away back almost twenty years ago 
the Sunday-school work was com- 
menced in Bulsar. The missionaries 
soon found that one of the best ways 
of reaching the people was through 
their children. Before they could talk 
Gujarati, they gathered together the 
few English-speaking people of the 
town and had a Sunday-school for 
them. Sometimes there were enough 
to form two classes. This first effort 
was made by Sisters Ryan and Stover. 
Later, as they got the use of their 
tongues, they took picture rolls and 
made a " house-to-house visitation," 
or perhaps you would call it a kind of 
" home department " work. 

Famine Children in Sunday-School. 

The awful famines of 1897 and 1900 
drove thousands of children to mission- 
aries for food. Of these seven or eight 


The Missionary Visitor 


hundred came to our mission. They 
were stationed at Bulsar, Anklesvar, 
and Jalalpor. Among other valuable 
services rendered these distressed ones 
they were placed in schools and Sun- 
day-schools. Surely only faith in 
Christ's marvelous power to transform 
a soul was enough to inspire those 
early workers to endeavor to give such 
children the light of truth. Their Hin- 
du and Parsi friends told them the at- 
tempt would be fruitless. But they be- 
gan. The missionary had to be super- 
intendent, chorister, secretary, teacher, 
and all. No, they did have a few other 
teachers. Bro. Ranchod and his wife, 

tics for 1902, when but three Sunday- 
schools were reported with a statement 
from Anklesvar that something like 
Sunday-schools were conducted in the 
out-stations. If you are at all inter- 
ested in the development of the work 
in India, a study of the accompanying 
statistical table will reveal some inter- 
esting facts. 

Look at the Statistical Table. 
See the steady increase in the num- 
ber of schools. This represents a lot of 
hard work. Schools were conducted 
even if the teacher were the only 
Christian in the village and often, too, 
the only one able to read. 

Twelve Years o: 

Sunday-Schools in 





— -T- 























- bo 

CO r- 
!-i -~ 

i. — 
- - 


































$ 37.60 


S 35.00 


























































Totals, . . . 

Bhuri, who had given such valuable 
service in those early years, were 
among the first teachers. They were 
unable to read the lesson, but after 
having some one else read it for them 
they tried to tell what they had learned 
in the teachers' meeting. 

Records and Reports. 
During these early days careful rec- 
ords were not kept. Things were as 
they could be and not as the workers 
wanted. At the request of the Jalalpor 
church, the District Meeting of 1903 
appointed the first District Sunday- 
school Secretarv. He gathered statis- 

The first three schools were very 
large ones. They were composed of 
famine children. For several years so 
many died or ran away that even 
though the number of schools greatly 
increased the total enrollment de- 

I am very much gratified to be able 
to say that, as compared with that first 
year, when practically 100 per cent of 
all the pupils were in mission boarding- 
institutions, in 1913 not quite 10 per 
cent of the total enrollment were in 
such institutions, and of this 10 per 
cent less than one-third are orphans. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The offerings in twelve years show 
an increase of almost 790 per cent. To- 
tal offerings recorded amount to $2,- 
073.63 — not a mean sum for a people 
whose average wage is ten or twelve 
cents a day. 

Study the number of baptisms. Did 
you help to support an orphan? Then 
you will rejoice to see how well they 
have come into the church. Most of 
the baptisms recorded in the Sunday- 
schools up to 1908 were from among 
the famine children. 

The All-India Scripture Examination. 

Did you say you don't believe in ex- 
aminations? They may not be so nec- 
essary where you have first-class teach- 
ers. We find them good here. We 
have been sending up candidates since 
1903. The records show only three 
passes. that year. There were 305 in 
1913. The pupils enjoy it. In 1913 
twenty-four schools had special drills 
and reviews preparatory to the exam- 
ination. Many pupils commit all the 
lessons to memory. In ten years 1,815 
pupils passed, this number being just 
about three-fourths of all that entered. 
Almost every year our mission cap- 
tured at least one of the five silver med- 
als given for the best papers in Guja- 
rati. Several times we took two, and 
last year we got three. 

A Move Forward. 
In order to show the workers of the 
District the need of improvement in 
our Sunday-schools, the District Sun- 
day-school Secretary had his report 
printed in Gujarati and distributed at 
the District Meeting of 1913. The 
weak places were pointed out and ways 
of improving them suggested. This 
led to the adoption of a standard of ex- 
cellence for the year. It was suited to 
the needs of the hour. It was adopted 
with enthusiasm and many determined 
to bring their schools up to it. 

At the following District Meeting 
the report was again printed and the 
schools attaining a place of distinction 

in the standard were so marked. On a 
separate sheet a whole list of sugges- 
tions and comments, all lending en- 
couragement, were also distributed. 
Two schools were in the Front Line, 
four were Banner Schools, and six Star 

The Standard of Excellence for 1914. 

Much enthusiasm was shown, and it 
was easy to raise the standard a notch 
by adding teacher training. The first 
six points attained put the school in 
the Star Line, the first eight, in the 
Banner Line, and all ten in the Front 
Line. We don't allow a choice of any 
six or eight, for we think the first are 
too important to be neglected by a 
Star or Banner School. Here are the 
ten points of the Standard: 

1. Keep a good report and send 
early to the District Secretary. 

2. Average attendance not less than 
three-fourths of enrollment. 

3. An offering to be taken weekly. 

4. The school is to be organized. 

5. The school is to be in session 
twelve months of the year. 

6. Give special drill for the All-In- 
dia Scripture Examination. 

7. At least one-half of the enrolled 
pupils to enter examination. 

8. At least half of the Christians of 
the village to attend Sunday-school.. 

9. Have a teachers' meeting. 

10. At least one member of the 
school in a Teacher-training Class. 
Teacher Training. 

The course of study was outlined at 
the District Meeting of 1914. Teacher 
training was placed in the standard of 
excellence for 1914. A canvass for 
those willing to take up such work was 
made, and seventy-five names were se- 
cured. In a report recently made by 
the examining secretary it was stated 
that most of the candidates thus far 
entered in the examinations were from 
the mission of the Church of the Breth- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Sunday-School Committee. 
The District Meeting of 1914 ap- 
pointed a committee of three Indian 
Brethren to study Sunday-school prob- 

lems as they relate to our field, and 
work with the District Secretary for 
the improvement of our schools. May 
they have great success in their work! 


Q. A. Holsopple. 

THE time has come when mission- 
aries need not defend the exist- 
ence of industrial work. It is 
its own argument and defense. In the 
early years of our mission, work was 
provided largely in order that the poor, 
famine-stricken might earn a living. 
In purpose it resembled the famine re- 
lief measures instituted by govern- 

(1) That the child may learn to ex- 
press himself in some form of produc- 
tive effort. (2) That the idea that work 
is honorable may be inculcated. (3) 
Industrial work may be a source of 
revenue to the institution. The form 
this training should take depends on 
the history of the people as well as the 
child's prospects. 

Vyara is situated in a farming com- 

Sawing Lumber for Repairing' Mission Building's. 

But as the mission becomes more or- 
ganized and established the industrial 
work takes on the educational idea. 
Industrial work is naturally correlated 
with the mission-school system, and is 
hence found in connection with the 
boarding-schools at Vyara and Bulsar. 

The fundamental principles underly- 
ing industrial training are threefold : 

munity and the peoples are of that 
class. Perhaps eighty per cent of the 
pupils will return to the farming com- 
munities, and so it is well if they re- 
ceive some training which will help 
them to deal with the problems of the 
soil. It is hoped that a considerable 
number of these students will develop 
into mission agents, but as such they 


The Missionary Visitor 


will have more influence if they show 
ability in dealing with everyday prob- 
lems. The land at Vyara being limited, 
the farming is intensive rather than ex- 
tensive ; for the most part gardening. 

At Vali the mission owns more land, 
and there, under the supervision of 
Bro. D. J. Lichty, a number of boys 
have been taught how properly to cul- 
tivate suitable Indian crops. As a re- 
sult of this work a number of men have 
become self-supporting a.nd are making 
honorable homes for their families. 
Several -unmarried boys are still under 

At Bulsar the shop work was devel- 
oped under the skillful oversight of 
Bro. J. B. Emmert. In the shop for- 
merly there were three departments — 
carpentry, weaving, and tailoring. The 
last of these was soon discontinued, as 
it did not seem to appeal to the boys as 
a life occupation. The weaving per- 
sisted somewhat longer and provided a 
good hand training. With the advent 
of power looms the hand loom became 
unprofitable, and hence does not pro- 
vide an inviting field for manual labor. 
On the other hand, carpentry affords a 
more and more attractive field of serv- 
ice. A number of men have been 
trained and gone forth as fairly-skill- 
ful carpenters. Others are engaged, 
under mission supervision, in the man- 
ufacture of furniture. Practically all 
the carpenter work for buildings con- 
structed in the mission during the past 
five years has been done by mission- 
trained men. 

With the development of a few lines 
of staple products a carpenter shop will 
serve as a useful adjunct to the board- 
ing-school in the training of its boys. 
Most of the boys at Bulsar get from 

four to eight years' training in the 
garden. Under an industrious and 
fairly-competent instructor they learn 
all forms of garden work. This in- 
cludes horticulture and gardening and 
the raising of various crops in the 
fields. Owing to the lack of animal- 
proof fence the garden experience has 
been somewhat discouraging. When 
a good fence is built and a pump in- 
stalled for irrigation more attention 
will be given to this phase of industrial 

A couple of boys are employed for 
several hours each week in the laundry, 
and two boys are learning to cook and 
do housework. With the exception of 
three boys all are in school from nine 
o'clock to four o'clock, and for one and 
one-half hours at night. All are em- 
ployed for three hours each day, and 
Saturdays until noon. On Saturday 
afternoons they wash their clothes, 
bathe, and what time is left they play. 
School is in session for about eleven 
months each year. One hour on 
Wednesday evenings also is given to 

The girls' school is in session the 
same number of hours as the boys' 
school. Under the competent direction 
of Sister Ida C. Shumaker the girls are 
taught the arts of homemaking, which 
include sewing, mending and knitting, 
grinding and cooking, sweeping and 
washing. The larger girls each have 
charge of one of the smaller girls, and 
thus they get a training that is useful 
to them as teachers and homemakers. 

The methods employed in the indus- 
trial work are American, adapted to 
meet the conditions of Indian life. 

Bulsar, India, Oct. 14, 19 14. 

The Holy Scriptures are literally heaven speaking on earth. They are the maxims 
of the kingdom of heaven communicated to men in hurrnn language, as if the in- 
visible world were come down amongst us and placed before our eyes. — Adolph Monod. 


The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Long - . 

SOON after our first missionaries 
came to India, famine stalked over 
parts of the land. At this time, 
with others, we brought together a 
number of orphans for whose care and 
instructionteachers were at once need- 
ed. The teachers came to us from oth- 
er missions, and were not the choice, 
but rather the " not wanted " of said 
missions. With these, generally speak- 
ing, our experience has not been the 
happiest. It is only fair to admit, how- 
ever, that we do have a number of 
good helpers who later came to us from 
other missions. 

From these early famine days till the 
present we have been earnestly en- 
deavoring to train a corps of men and 
women, fit in every way for the Lord's 
service. A large percentage of our 
workers today are children of the or- 
phanage at Bulsar, and we are glad for 
every one of them. Your gifts and 
prayers, with the missionary's labor, 
have not been in vain. 

On the children of our orphanages 
and boarding-schools we depend for 
our strong leaders and helpful assist- 
ants. These children hear more prayers 
and sermons, are more regular in Sun- 
day-school — yea, know more of God's 
Holy Word — than 90 per cent of Amer- 
ican children of the same ages. And 
if they were tenth or twentieth gener- 
ation Christians, instead of the first or 
second, they would, we may safely in- 
fer, be proportionately ahead of us. 

Seeing that the loud call for workers 
is not being readily answered, whether 
for India, China or Europe ; that work- 
ers are breaking down under pressure 
of overwork, and stations are not 
opened, or, as in case of Vada, left va- 
cant for lack of helpers from the home 
base, it behooves the missionary all the 

more to think of redoubling his dili- 
gence in the effort to raise workers 
from among the people themselves. 
And this is praiseworthy and has the 
sanction of High Heaven, for, instead 
of each missionary directing six or a 
dozen, he might as well direct several 
times that number, thus doing that 
much more work. Besides, we see In- 
dians in important positions in other 
missions ; leaders indeed, who really 
do the work, while the missionaries 
give their time to teaching, whether in 
the arts college, the training school, or 
the Bible School; or else are occupied 
in the general direction of large num- 
bers of Indian teachers and village 
preachers. Our Lord Jesus saw the 
wisdom of raising a large host of work- 
ers, the Twelve and the Seventy, to 
carry on His mission when He could 
no longer visibly be present with them. 

Like the Master, we would train our 
young people as far as they are able to 
go. Several, therefore, have passed 
through a good training college in the 
vernacular; a dozen or more have a 
part or all of the high-school work in 
English; several dozen have passed 
through all the common branches and 
have obtained third-grade certificates 
from government, while the remainder 
of our men helpers have passed the 
fourth to the seventh standard in gov- 
ernment schools. Besides, our Indian 
workers are specially versatile in speak- 
ing and in prayer. 

Likewise, our first class in the Bible 
Teachers' Training School at Bulsar is 
working on a course covering the en- 
tire Bible, exegetically taught by verse 
or paragraph, as well as topically or 
doctrinally taught, this course continu- 
ing for twenty-four solid months, in 
four sessions. Thus, by combining lit- 


The Missionary Visitor 


An Indian Thresher. Winnowing' Grain, Vuli. 

erary and biblical training with a few 
years of practical experience in the 
work, with the constant association of 
the missionaries, we trust that in the 
not-distant future we shall have a 
goodly number of " workmen that need 
not be ashamed, rightly dividing the 
word of truth." 

Here is a young man of promise who 
will, it is hoped, become the principal 
of our future Normal Training School. 
A second comes to mind who will, per- 
haps, be a most valuable assistant in 
the Bible School. A third is greatly 
needed in translation work, whether 
for the Sunday-school supplies or the 
monthly paper for Christians. There 
is necessity for a fourth, to teach the 
new missionaries the vernacular. A 
dozen or more would be of great value, 
even now, to direct younger and less 
experienced helpers, thus assisting the 
missionary very specifically. These 
midway men, overseers of others, can 
be with the village teachers far more 
frequently, due to climate, than can the 
missionary. Besides they can more 
truly inspect the work of the under 
teachers than can we, if they are pre- 

pared and true to their calling. So we 
look to the future with hope and faith 
— nay, with positive assurance of a 
great and glorious day for the India 

Here follow a few sample sketches, 
handed me, at my request: 

1. " Bro. , a family man, suc- 
cessful school-teacher, the most elo- 
quent preacher at our station, impetu- 
ous and enthusiastic. He is lacking in 
persistence, but growing in that re- 
spect; is charitable and loyal to the 
church, honest but not efficient in econ- 
omy, though having good leadership ; 
has room for growth along this line. 
Altogether promising." 

2. " Bro. , seventh-book boy, 

educated in the school at Bulsar, has a 
good wife. Both are of irreproachable 
character, never in a quarrel and never 
give occasion for reproach ; he is faith- 
ful to his work, eminently successful in 
teaching, not loud or brilliant, but deep 
and plodding. The influence of his life 
is ideal." 

3. " Bro. , another of our 

workers whose education did not get 
beyond the common branches, but be- 


The Missionary Visitor 



ing a good singer, he wins the hearts 
of the people by song. He can easily 
hold a crowd of interested listeners till 
after midnight, and often does so. Ex- 
horting some, singing some, answering 
questions and sometimes asking some 
— this is his method. There is no pro- 
gram, no form, but all is spontaneous 
and natural, and it is appreciated ful- 

4. " Bro. , a young man of 

twenty-five years, who has been with 
us from childhood, and has therefore 
imbibed ideas he could not have gotten 
otherwise. He is not very well educat- 
ed, but makes a good pastor of a village 
congregation of seventy members. He 
knows his Bible, and declares the 
' whole counsel of God.' " 

And one adds, " None of these men 
ever question the divinity of Christ." 

It will be fair to admit that these 
workers are better usually in head 
knowledge than in practical applica- 
tion. As a rule they are not original, 
but once shown or well taught they 
often outteach their teacher-mission- 
ary. And they ought to, for they know 
their language, its idioms, poetry, etc., 
and their people and their very simple 
needs. It must be admitted that some 
lack in zeal and willingness to sacri- 
fice for Jesus' sake ; and all perhaps, are 

easily cowed by keen criticism of the 
higher castes. 

Nevertheless, we are proud of our 
constantly-growing young workers. 
They are our joy and our hope. Their 
life is before them. We are here to 
work with them, and we and they are 
" workers together with God " in re- 
claiming their lost kinsmen from dark- 
ness to light. True, there is in them 
room for growth in grace, for more 
knowledge of His will, for fuller yield- 
ing to the Spirit's control; but these 
things may as truly be said of the mis- 

These intelligent, consecrated Indian 
workers will save the missionary from 
abroad many heartaches ; will save from 
many costly mistakes— costly as to 
health and to the work — and will take 
from his shoulders a thousand and one 
details in building and in village pio- 
-neer work, as well as in the pastoral 
care of the simple Christians with 
whom we deal. Soon, not we, but 
they will be the pastors of the 
churches ; and then our India Mission 
will come into its own. With a large 
host of shepherds we rightly expect 
large ingatherings. Wherefore, breth- 
ren,- let us pray confidently, "foras- 
much as ye [we] know that, our labor 
is not in vain in the Lord." 

Out to the Villages by Oxcart. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Effie V. Long. 

OUR sisters in India who help in 
mission work may be divided in- 
to two classes ; namely, school- 
teachers and Bible women. All told, 
we have only about fifty Indian sisters 
engaged in this service. They, as also 
the men, are supported by funds from 
home, just as the missionaries are. And 

A Type of Our Indian Christian Woman- 
hood. Bulsar School Teacher's Wife. 

some churches and aid societies, and 
even consecrated individuals, are sup- 
porting such workers in India and Chi- 
na, thus doing a noble deed and one 
that will tell for eternity. 

As a rule, our women helpers are ed- 
ucated, though good has been done 
by consecrated women who were 
unable to read. We have two women 
who have graduated from a three 
years' course in the training college. 
One other is there at present. Some 
others have enough education for a 
third-grade certificate. The women at- 

tend the Bible School along with their 
husbands, and some are in classes with, 
and are quite equal to, their husbands 
in Bible study. 

Of the teachers, there may be two 
classes made. First, there is the vil- 
age school-teacher. A young man is 
placed in a village to teach the school, 
and to be a kind of leader among the 
people, whether there are Christians 
or not. His wife becomes his assist- 
ant and, if possible, gathers some lit- 
tle girls into the school. If she fills the 
place open to her she becomes a helper 
and example to her ignorant village sis- 
ters who have accepted the Lord. She 
also acts as helper and Bible woman to 
the sister missionary who visits her 
village from time to time. Our great- 
est number of women helpers are of 
this kind — teacher and Bible woman 
combined, we might say. 

Second, there is the boarding-school 
teacher. We have about five women 
employed in this work, and a wonder- 
ful sphere of usefulness they have. The 
children may come from Christian 
homes or from heathen homes. This 
teacher, instead of the mother, is wield- 
ing her influence over them. If they be 
heathen, their ideals are almost alto- 
gether changed as they see the su- 
perior life of their Christian teacher. 
She has prayer at the opening of 
school and is with them daily, thus 
raising them to her own level of Chris- 
tian life and example. A missionary 
seldom teaches in such schools unless 
it be to give instruction in the Bible, 
though she directs the teachers under 

And then we have the Bible women. 
Their duties are Varied, but always un- 
der the supervision of the lady mission- 
ary. The Bible Society in Bombay 
considers this work so important that 


The Missionary Visitor 


it supports capable Bible women who 
go about from house to house, reading 
the Word to women who cannot read 
and do not know of our Christ. 

A lady missionary who goes among 
villagers and jungle people is handi- 
capped and almost helpless without 
one Bible woman, at least, to help her. 
Her work may be manifolded if she has 
a number of helpers, especially if her 
work be in a district with a large Chris- 
tian community, or if she lives in a 
town or city with many' homes to be 
visited. At one station of which I 
know, in India, there are as many as 
fifty-five Bible women under the direc- 
tion of a lady missionary. Of course 
there is a very large Christian com- 

A Bible woman may go alone in her 
house-to-house visiting, but usually 
there are two, and the lady missionary 
accompanies them as often as possible. 
They read the Bible in some homes, 
sing and pray in others, teach simple 
hymns and short prayers to the wom- 
en, and teach others to read. Many se- 
cluded women have thus learned to* 
read the Bible in their own homes. 
Sometimes they instruct in sewing or 
knitting, to get them interested in 
something, and then the way is open 
to teach them the Bible. 

The Bible woman has been trained, 
and can give advice about having a 
clean house and children, and open the 
eyes of the poor mothers to the fact 
that a child needs care and training. 

She is adviser to the Christian women 
in time of sickness, and induces them 
to be regular in attendance at daily 
prayers and church services. Her 
sphere of work is unlimited, and if she 
uses her opportunity she may do a 
world of good. Her work is among 
India's women — the greatest of all 
needs, and perhaps the most slowly- 
developing of all lines of work. The' 
teacher has the young minds to train 
and so sees results more quickly. But, 
because of faithful Bible women's 
work, both high and low among the 
women have turned to the Lord. 

There are some hindrances in our 
labors among the women at present. 
We do not have the number we need 
and could use. Then, our women help- 
ers almost all are young, raised up in 
our own mission, and have small chil- 
dren and home to take their time and 
attention, and, as Paul says, they " do 
not care for the things of the Lord " as 
they should. This is natural; but, as 
they grow older, we hope their value 
will increase as helpers. Now they lack 
zeal and energy. As they advance in 
Bible knowledge and Christian experi- 
ence they will become more zealous 
workers for the Lord. 

The missionary's duty is to be a 
leader, to train, to direct, to accom- 
pany, to inspire, to teach, to plan, to 
pray with and for them, until they be- 
come in every way " vessels meet for 
the Master's use." 


Sadie I. Miller. 

IT is a well-known fact that the music 
of the East and that of the West 
are vastly different. It is also said 
that the West can not appreciate the 
music of the East, and vice versa. 

What we call good singing the peo- 
ple of India look upon as a sort of wail- 

ing, and often we hear them say, " Why, 
is that singing? I thought it was some 
one crying." On the other hand, if 
you ask one from the West what he 
thinks of a good Eastern song, he is 
likely to compare it to some screeching 
he has heard. I've known jungle peo- 


The Missionary Visitor 


pie to be unable to discriminate between 
the bass of an instrument and the bel- 
lowing of a buffalo. 

All India sings in unison. So also 
they play the organ. Because we play 
four parts they have an idea that the 
organ we use is American. So, when 
I play for the people, to please them 
I adapt myself to their custom, and they 
like it. I have seen an Indian organist 
play with but one finger of each hand 
and be termed a good musician. 

Missionaries sometimes come to In- 
dia thinking it is their first duty to 
translate English hymns and teach Eng- 
lish tunes. This results in poor poetry, 
which we should certainly feel abashed 
to show to Indian poets, so different is 
English and vernacular poetry. We are 
in India for the salvation of people, and 
we should remember that while our 
souls are stirred with tunes we know 
and love, theirs arc stirred by tunes they 
know and love. Strike an Indian tune, 
and notice how heads ajid feet move in 

India will be won, in great part, 
through holy song and poetry, for is not 
all Hinduism, all religion, done in this 
way? They sing their scriptures be- 
cause much of it comes in poetic form. 
I dare say much has been lost by the 
use of English tunes, which few can 
understand and fewer appreciate and 
enjoy to spiritual awakening. Too 
much has been done that appeals to us 
rather than to them, and then we won- 
der why there is not more and better 

I am glad to say that our missionaries, 
especially those who are engaged in 
evangelistic work among the backward 
classes, where this question becomes a 
vital one, have long since abandoned 
English tunes and have given place to 
the Indian ways and means of appeal 
in the use of Indian tunes, often accom- 
panied with • drum and cymbals. May 
the Lord teach us to be humble enough 
to prefer Indian tunes to our own, when 
thereby better work can be done for the 
Master we serve. 


Ernest Wellesley Wesley. 

An ancient legend tells that once 
Three earnest men before their Lord, 
Awaiting stood, to know His will. 
A preacher one, a student one, 
The third — a timid, loving heart. 

Unto the first one day there came 

His call: " Go thou, without delay, 

And bear My words where snows are deep: 

Where day and night the icy hands 

Of chilling frosts in bondage hold 

The frozen earth." 

The preacher paused 
To ask the question: "Why should I 
Go there, when harvests here await? " 
The scholar also heard His call: 
" Go thou and bear My message true 
O'er mountain heights, o'er pathless plains, 
Through rivers deep and swift, where I 
Thy paths may choose." 

The scholar stood 
To ask his Lord: "I would, but how 
Can I go forth to bear Thy words 

To regions which the feet of man 
Have never trod?" 

By loving heart, 
So timid, weak, the Master's call 
Was heard: "Go thou where cruel hate, 
Where wrath of man doth bar thy way. 
Fierce foes thy path oppose and wild 
Their rage. Thy life may be the price 
Of thee I ask." 

Then love replied: 
" I go, dear Lord. Show Thou me where 
I toil may find to prove my love, 
And in Thy strength I gladly serve. 
All, all I ask is life or death 
For Thee, as Thou for me dost will. 
Thine own I am and only Thine, 
To be, to do, to go, to speak 
Wherever Thou my life canst use, 
In Thine own Name." 

And legend asks: 
"Which of the waiting three art thou?" 
— Christian Advocate. 


The Missionary Visitor 



J. M. Blough. 

(Weekly Prayer Cycle.) 

Take time to be holy, speak oft with thy 

Abide in Him always, and feed on His 

Take time to be holy, the world rushes on; 
Spend much time in secret with Jesus alone. 

Sunday — The church and her serv- 
ices; Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers ; ministers, pastors, officers and 
teachers (Ex. 20: 8; Luke 11: 1-13, 
Acts 20: 28; Eph. 5: 25-27; Rev. 19: 

Monday — Home and foreign mission- 
aries : fellow-workers and their work 
(Matt. 28: 16-20; John 14: 1-15; 1 
Thess: 5 : 25 ; 2 Tim. 1: 1-14; Heb. 11). 

Tuesday — Church in mission lands ; 
native workers ; Bible societies and col- 
porteurs (1 Sam. 12: 23; Mark 11: 22- 
26; 1 Thess. 1 ; Philpp. 1:1-11; Eph. 1 : 

Wednesday — Supporters of the Lord's 
work; General and District Mission 
Boards ; Publishing House and editors ; 

schools and colleges (Luke 18: 1-8; 
John 15: 1-16; Philpp. 4: 10-20; 1 
Thess. 5: 17; 1 Tim. 2: 1). 

Thursday — " Thy kingdom come " ; 
evangelization of the world; more la- 
borers; volunteers; peace and temper- 
ance (Matt. 6: 10; 24: 14; Luke 10: 2; 
Isa. 11: 1-9; Micah 4: 1-5; Acts 1: 1- 
11; Rev. 22: 20). 

Friday — Relatives and friends; per- 
sons on the prayer list; the unconverted 
(Luke 22: 31, 32; Matt. 8: 5-13; 17: 
14-21; John 4: 46-54; Acts 9: 40; 12: 

Saturday — Self (crucifixion of the 
flesh and filling of the Spirit; greater 
faith, love, humanity and efficiency in 
service) ; " Thy will be done " (Luke 
22: 39-46; Matt. 5: 1-16; Rom. 12; 1 
Cor. 13; Gal. 5; Psa. 34). 

To Him be glory and honor and do- 
minion forever and ever. Amen. 


Alice K. Ebey. 

"But they that wait upon the Lord shall 
renew their strength; they shall mount up 
with wings as eagles; they shall run, and 
not be weary; they shall walk, and not 
faint" (Isa. 40: 31). 

IN these days we need to learn how to 
wait upon the Lord. There has, 
perhaps, never been such a strenu- 
ous time during the twenty years of our 
India Mission. The work looms before 
us larger than ever. Doors of unpre- 
cedented opportunity are open on all 
sides. Our plans and hopes have been 
large. But delays and hindrances and 
handicaps have been many. Some of 
our most efficient missionaries have been 

compelled to lay aside work for a season, 
on account of broken health. War con- 
ditions detain some of our number in the 
homeland. New recruits have been slow 
to come, but the Lord has promised to 
renew our strength if we wait upon Him. 
We plead with God's children in the 
homeland to join with us in patient wait- 
ing and earnest prayer. The Lord is 
eager to bless us. He will give us 
strength to mount up on wings, to run 
without being weary, and to walk and 
not faint. Let us wait to know God's 
will and strive earnestly to do it. Surely 
He wants His work to grow and pros- 
per. Surely the Spirit is calling some 


The Missionary Visitor 


to come over and fill these gaps and en- 
ter the open doors of larger opportuni- 
ty. Surely hearts will be prompted 
speedily to replenish the treasury of the 
Lord, that in these trying times the work 
of God may not long be hindered on ac- 
count of lack of means and workers. 

Oct. 24 a new member was added to 
our mission family. Her name is 
Frances Elizabeth Holsopple, and her 
coming brings great joy to the house- 
hold at Bulsar. 

Sisters Eliza and Sadie Miller had the 
unique experience of an earthquake 
shock while at Simla. The shocks were 
slight and no harm or damage followed, 
though all were ordered out of the hotel. 

The new bungalow which is being 
built at Bulsar will be ready to be oc- 
cupied in a few months. A second bun- 
galow at this station has been needed for 
some time. The one mission bungalow 
there has been occupied by two fami- 
lies and often a single sister or two. Be- 
sides, many guests come and go, for 
Bulsar is an important railway town and 
easy of access. 

The October meeting of the field com- 
mittee was held in the railway station at 
Surat, Oct. 19. Only seven mission- 
aries were present and the session lasted 
only half a day. Most of the business 
was postponed until the December meet- 
ing, when we hope for a larger attend- 
ance, for those who are at the hills ex- 
pect to be at home and those shut in the 
jungle by swollen streams will be able 
to come. The Bible Teachers' Training 
School, temporarily closed on account of 
ill health, has been indefinitely closed for 
lack of workers. This is sincerely re- 
gretted by all who have the work on 
their hearts. 

Susanbai, wife of Bro. S. Mahadev, 
quietly but unexpectedly passed away 
last week in Bombay. She had not been 
well for some time, but no one thought 
the end so near. However, peneumonia 
set in and soon wrought its deadly work. 

She and her husband had charge of a 
mission dispensary at Palghar, twenty 
miles south of Dahanu. Both have been 
much interested in the spread of the 
kingdom among the people about them. 
Our dear sister, always cheery and gen- 
tle, will be greatly missed in her home 
and among her Christian friends, as well 
as among the children and poor in the 

The financial condition of the conti- 
nental missions in India has not been im- 
proved by the continuation of the war. 
Many missionaries are in great straits. 
They have curtailed their work in ev- 
ery possible way. Help is needed to 
supply them with the actual necessities 
of life, as many are wholly cut oft" from 
their home base. The National Mis- 
sionary Society is endeavoring to pro- 
vide each of these needy foreign work- 
ers with fifty rupees (sixteen dollars) 
per month. This is no easy task, as all 
missions are feeling the financial stress, 
more or less, but these missionaries have 
wrought such great benefit, religious, 
educational and philanthropic, to India, 
that we trust their work may not be per- 
manently injured. 

The plague at Dahanu seems to be 
over and the people will soon be return- 
ing to their deserted homes. There were 
only six deaths. A few cases of cholera 
were reported, but probably they were 
only severe cases of bowel complaint, 
caused by eating unripe grain. In times 
of epidemic Christians usually reveal the 
caliber in their characters, or the lack 
of it. Some are at once excited and 
seek safety in some other community, 
sometimes unwisely neglecting the sim- 
plest means for insuring health. They 
seem to forget that God's care and pro- 
tection are always over His own and 
that He wants His servants to be brave 
and helpful in times of distress, when 
the heathen know not where to turn for 
comfort or help. On the other hand, 
there are Indian Christians who show 


The Missionary Visitor 


remarkable trust and courage in such 
trying times. During the recent scourge 
of cholera in the Anklesvar district, one 
Christian worker remained in the village, 
administering medicine and good cheer 
to the stricken villagers. God blessed 
his efforts, and thirty cholera victims in 
his village recovered. Such unselfish 
service counts much for the furtherance 
of the Gospel. 


IN these da) r s of wars and rumors of 
wars it is good for the child of 
God to keep his own heart filled with 
this wonderful peace. Even-where 
people are talking about the war in Eu- 
rope. Ever} 7 paper is filled with war 
news. Even mission journals devote as 
much space to discussions about the 
war as about mission work. 

It is not without reason, for this war 
greatly affects Christian missions. The 
financial stress is being especially felt 
by the German missionaries in India. 
They are cut off from all communica- 
tion with home friends. No funds have 
come since the outbreak of the strug- 
gle; nor are any likely to arrive until 
peace is restored. Already they have 
been forced to dismiss hundreds of their 
mission agents and to close a number 
of their schools and seminaries. Other 
continental missions also suffer through 
failure to receive their regular allowance 
from the home base. Contributions in 
England will likely be much reduced on 
account of the immense expense of the 
war. However, American missions may 
find the rate of exchange greatly re- 

The German missionaries, who have 
wrought much good in India, have the 
sympathy of their fellow missionaries. 
The National Missionary Council has 
taken steps to secure help for these mis- 
sions which are in financial straits, and 
is appealing to friends in India. Eng- 
land, and America. 

Another effect this war has upon mis- 

sions, especially among educated non- 
Christians. They can not understand 
how nations whose God is a God of love 
and whose King is the Prince of Peace, 
should be engaged in such bloodshed and 
strife. The missionary's task is to ex- 
plain that the Spirit of Christ does not 
prompt strife or bloodshed. 

In these days, when the work of 
God seems greatly hindered, it is not for 
us to lose courage. Nay, rather with 
the peace of God filling our hearts, we 
should buckle on the sword of the Spirit 
and press forward in the warfare against 
spiritual darkness and all manner of evil. 
AYe need to keep our eyes turned to- 
wards the coming of the Prince of 
Peace, Who will fill the earth with right- 

Several men near Vada are asking for 
baptism. The seed that has been sown 
there is bearing fruit, but reapers are 
sadly needed. 

The cholera that has been raging in 
the villages about Anklesvar and Yali 
seems to be abated. The good hand of 
the Lord has kept the Christians from 
being further touched by the scourge. 

Bro. Long and family are spending 
two months at Ootacamund. in the 
Nilgiri Hills of South India. They re- 
port a cool, invigorating atmosphere, and 
they are gaining in health and strength. 

Rats have been dying in Dahanu, and 
most of the people have fled to near-by 
villages. Dying rats are an indication 
of approaching plague, and people who 
move out of the infected houses usual- 
ly escape. As yet there have been no 
cases, and this precaution may prevent 
an epidemic. Lately, plague over the 
country has been on the decrease. 

At last the Raj .Pipla Government has 
granted the privilege for the building of 
a church in Yali. The officials told Bro. 
Lichty that ordinarily it required six 
vears to secure permission from the na- 
tive king to erect any sort of a perma- 
nent building in the state, so they felt 


The Missionary Visitor 


:hat Bro. Lichty has been specially fa- 
vored to secure a grant in less than three 
years after making the first appeal. 

The monsoon was unusually heavy 
ind long-continued throughout the 
;ountry. But now the hot October sun 
>hines and stagnant water in pools and 
rice fields is evaporating. Mosquitoes 
ire plentiful, and they know how to 
scatter the malaria germs. Some of our 
nissionaries have suffered. Brother and 
Sister Arnold had their first experience 
with Indian fever. The latter was an- 
ointed for the healing of the body, and 
;hereby was blessed and strengthened. 

Bro. Blough is gaining, and we hope 
i prolonged rest in the cool mountain 
region of Landour will fully restore 
lim to health and strength for the work 
vhich so much needs him. Sister Eliza 
B. Miller, who had suffered with fever 
luring her first weeks at Simla, also is 
feeling much better. She and her sis- 
ter Sadie enjoy long tramps up and 
down the beautiful fern-clad slopes of 
:he Himalayas. 

The conference of all missionaries in 
:he Gujarati language area was held 
it Anklesvar Sept. 30. Some thirty 
were present. Various phases of mis- 
sion work were discussed and all felt 
much benefited by the exchange of 
views. Several papers were read, 

among them being one by Sister Ida C. 

Shumaker on " The Benefit of a Teach- 
ers' Training Class." Her production 
was highly appreciated, for she is quite 
familiar with the subject, both in theory 
and practice. 

A few years ago, in a little village of 
fisher-farmer people, near here, our 
Christian workers and the missionaries 
always were welcomed. The people 
heard the Gospel gladly, and seemed not 
far from the kingdom. But one day 
they refused to let either the missionary 
or the Indian worker speak in their vil- 
lage. A guru (religious teacher) had 
turned the minds of the people against 
the Gospel. For two years or more no 
gospel work had been done in their vil- 
lage, and somehow these simple folk 
missed the regular gospel preaching. 
To the surprise of the missionary, the 
other day one of these villagers came 
running after him, begging him to send 
a Christian teacher to open a school in 
their village. So the seed that seemed 
to have fallen on stony ground had not 
all been snatched away. There is to- 
day no larger opportunity for mission 
work than among the children of this 
land. Most people are willing and even 
eager to have their children under the 
instruction of Christian teachers. 

You're Next! An India Barber Shop. 


The Missionary Visitor 


^^ <^^^>i^=> 


Alice K. Ebey. 

TWENTY years ago there were 
but three in our mission family, 
and no children brightened the 
lone mission home. Since then just 
forty little lives have come fresh from 
the hand of God to bless the homes of 
our India missionaries. 

There are only ten on the field at 
present, but we hope that several oth- 
ers will join the little band in a few 
months, when their parents return from 
furlough. Eight have been called to 
the city where the streets are full of 
boys and girls. Three are in American 
schools, with wide seas separating 
them from their parents, who are will- 
ing to make this supreme sacrifice for 
the sake of India's needy ones. Several 

are detained in America on account of 
their parents' physical inability to re- 
turn. But these children have imbibed 
the missionary spirit, and some of them 
hope to fill the places of their parents 
in this Christless land. 

Seven of these missionary sons and 
daughters have already joined the 
church, and others doubtless will do 
so as they grow old enough to under- 
stand. Four are in college preparatory 
work. Bro. J. Emmert Stover, only 
seventeen years old, recently was called 
to the ministry. He is preparing him- 
self for mission work, and we hope that 
the Lord may in a few years bring him 
back to the land of his birth for many 
years of useful service among the com- 

Rock-a-oye. Putting- Brother to Sleep. Type of Better Class of Cradle. 


The Missionary Visitor 


panions of his childhood days. Both 
Emmert and Miriam have taken the 
volunteer pledge for foreign missions. 
" But missionaries' children lack the 
advantages of life," do you say? It 
depends on what we call advantages. 
They know little of ease and wealth 
and social diversions. But, truly, is 
there no advantage for the child" who, 
from his earliest years, must learn les- 
sons of economy and self-sacrifice? 
Does a child gain nothing by being, in 
a home where the spirit of prayer and 
helpfulness prevails? Does it mean 
nothing for the young to see the lives 

of their elders daily being spent for the 
salvation of souls? 

True, the tropical climate has its dis- 
advantages, especially for young chil- 
dren. But this is partly compensated for 
by the freedom of open-door life. Con- 
tagious diseases abound and segrega- 
tion is practically unknown. But, on 
the other hand, scarlet fever, diphthe- 
ria, and other cold-climate diseases are 
very rare. 

The missionary child also lacks the 
advantage of a well-organized public 
school. This is a matter of no small 
concern to the parents, who desire edu- 

Boys at Play. An Indian " Palm Leaf " Express. 

IJcational and social opportunities for 
their children. But into the mission 
homes come the best magazines, pa- 
pers, and books. Questionable books, 
sensational newspapers, and obscene 
pictures do not find their way to these 
children. Idolatry, vice, and sin are 
constantly before the children outside 
their own homes. Deplorable though 
this is, sin at least shows itself un- 
veiled, and will not easily be mistaken 
for virtue by a child of Christian train- 

The lack of wholesome association 

with other ^children of their own age 
and race is also a matter for deep re- 
gret. Our mission homes are far apart, 
and often for months, in some of our 
stations, no white face is seen except 
those of the household. Indian chil- 
dren, both by. nature and training, are 
exceedingly docile and yielding, so the 
spirited missionary child is in danger 
of becoming domineering and selfish. 

So there are advantages and disad- 
vantages. Most of our missionary chil- 
dren are quite young. How well mis- 
sionary parents may succeed or how 


The Missionary Visitor 


sadly they may fail, the future must re- 
veal. But it behooves them to train 
patiently and carefully the lives en- 
trusted to them, looking to the Lord 
for wisdom and guidance. Let loved 
ones, who feel a concern for the wel- 

fare of missionary children, continue to 
pray that the grace of the Lord may be 
upon the children and the parents who 
are deprived of some of the joys and 
blessings of the homeland ! 
Karadoho, via Dahanu, India. 


Anna N. Crumpacker. 

OCTOBER always is a beautiful 
month with us, and so it has been 
this year. The weather is neither 
hot or cold. Some of the season's busiest 
work is finished and the women are not 
so rushed with their winter sewing. 
There is no better time for going among 
the women unless it be right after the 
Chinese New Year. It is also a good 
season for itinerating, and some has 
been done. The baptisms and love feast 
have been held at Liao Chou. The love 
feast and baptisms at Ping Ting Hsien 
will be held the second week in Novem- 

Brother and Sister Beckner are still 
with us. Their visit is a real treat to 
us all. Bro. Beckner preached in our 
chapel, while Bro. Crumpacker inter- 
preted for him. The natives enjoyed 
the service as one would think from 
their close attention. The visitors seem 
to be enjoying China, and we can not 
help wishing they had come to stay. 

October 10 was a national holiday, 
the anniversary of the breaking out of 
the revolution. It was observed in all 
parts of the republic. In Peking the 
president reviewed the troops. The dip- 
lomatic receptions were dispensed with 
on account of the war. 

The great war in progress has a se- 
rious effect upon the indigo trade and 
consequently upon the dyeing industry 
of China. The Chinese wear immense 
quantities of blue cloth. Until recent 
years they produced their own indigo, 
but of late have been importing it large- 

ly from Belgium and German) 7 , to the 
amount of nearly 7,000,000 haikwan 
taels a year (a haikwan tael equals near- 
ly 80 cents gold). What imported indi- 
go is available is very expensive. Well 
may we hope that this temporary hard- 
ship will help China to see another re- 
source of her own, and that she may 
grow greater quantities of indigo. Some 
is produced in this section where we 
live, but the industrious housewives are 
already complaining of the high price of 
indigo, and many are using more of the 
purple dyes. 

At times it seems that there is pros- 
pect for a very bloody battle between 
the Germans and Japanese on Chinese 
soil. China attempted to limit the war 
zone, but to the dismay of Germany. 
Thus far, however, China's diplomats 
have succeeded in remaining neutral. 
The president issued an order instruct- 
ing the high provincial officials to " ex- 
ercise the greatest endurance, restraint, 
and calmness towards the foreigners, es- 
pecially toward those belonging to the 
belligerent powers, and not to afford a 
pretext giving any foreign power cause 
for intervention." 

Another cause for deep regret is that 
the opium dens continue to increase in 
number in the foreign settlements of 
Shanghai. These, to be sure, are 
licensed. To the protest against the in- 
crease of licenses the council replied 
that that did not enlarge the amount 
sold, but only divided the profits. It 
is perhaps true that opium still is grown 


The Missionary Visitor 


in certain localities, but there seems to 
be little intention on the part of the 
council gradually to diminish the sale 
of opium in the port, as was stated in 
the treaty. 

China is waking up to her opportuni- 
ties in educational lines. President 
Yuan is reported recently to have given 
$50,000, Vice-president Li $20,000, and 
State Secretary Hsu $10,000 to the 
funds for Chunghua University. Steps 
have been taken to preserve some of the 
national art treasures. The West has 
little idea of the beauty, the magnificence 
or the number of these treasures. Re- 
cently two of the largest halls in Peking 
were converted into museums into 
which have been placed the antique trea- 
sures of the imperial palaces of Mukden 
and Jehol. China has been accused of 
not caring for her treasures, but that 
can scarcely be true any more. 

During this month Liao has been for- 
tunate in securing a location for a 
chapel in a public part of the city. For 
more than a year the workers there have 

been trying to get a suitable place for 
their public worship, and we certainly 
have cause to thank our Heavenly Fath- 
er for this blessing. They have also 
been successful in securing land on 
which to build the boys' school. This is 
in a desirable locality. Buying land is 
such a long, slow process in China that 
when it is accomplished there always is 
a sigh of relief and a heart of thankful- 

Another blessing is the securing of 
good quarters at He Shen for the out- 
station compound. This is a very prom- 
ising out-station from Liao, — in fact, 
their largest one — and is on the road 
between Ping Ting and Liao. Perhaps 
we who are here feel the joy a little 
more, because now the trip can be made 
from one station to the other without 
being compelled to stay nights in the 
cold, dirty Chinese inns. And yet, far 
more than this, is the assurance that God 
is opening the way, and these people will 
have an opportunity to hear of the 
Christ Who died for them. 


Wm. E. White. 

THE Missionary Visitor is again 
with us, with its volume of trial 
and success, of pleasure and pain, 
of hope and disappointment. But of the 
latter we of the Southern mission work 
eould write much ; not so much of dis- 
appointment this time, but of hope, even 
if somewhat deferred, and of success al- 
most in sight. 

Additions to the church are coming 
slowly but continuously, and. of the best 
element for stability. Workers are few, 
but we now have four in a Brethren Col- 
lege training for service. This is try- 
ing us financially, almost to the limit of 
possibility, but we trust for strength to 
carry the burden, knowing that success 

in training means success in the church 
work in the near future. 

Sitting, thinking of the material here 
needing training, and the cause demand- 
ing workers, we often wonder why some, 
whom our Father has blessed so abun- 
dantly, do not use a part of their means 
to turn this material into skilled workers. 
Two hundred dollars could be used over 
and over, and at each turn place a work- 
er, native-born, into the field, each time 
returning to bless another, and all this, 
where the results could be seen. It 
would be an endless chain of blessings 
to individuals and the church. 

Our labors in teaching compel us to 
neglect much of the church work, but 


The Missionary Visitor 


we do all we can, trusting that the Fath- 
er knows best and will bring some one 
to assist or help us carry the load. We 
now have four ministers, three organ- 
ized churches, nine regular preaching 
points, and about eighty members scat- 
tered among these places. 

The number given in the last Visitor 
for Fruitdale should be nearly double 
that stated. They now have more than 
fifty members. Let us have your 
prayers, at least, that this work may be 
permanently and well laid. 

Vinegar Bend, Ala. 


The Editor. 

IF you have not started one, why 
not? Why not, elder or pastor? 
Why not, president of Christian 
Workers' Society? Why not, mission- 
ary committee? Is it because of an in- 
disposition on the part of your mem- 
bership? Is it because it is something 
new? Or is it simply because no one 
has seen fit to suggest the matter this 
winter, or to push it to a successful 

The busy holidays, with their vari- 
ous activities, pleasures, entertain- 
ments, and duties, are now past. The 
real genuine winter is here, except in 
those rare portions of our Brotherhood 
where they enjoy and advertise perpet- 
ual sunshine. The only way that we 
can defeat the grip of winter is to keep 
our hearths and hearts and bodies and 
minds warm, each with the food neces- 
sary for its existence. The fire on the 
hearth devours all that you place into it, 
the body must consume for its physical 
comfort, but the mind and heart when 
full have consumed only to preserve 
and inspire, and not to destroy. There- 
fore for the next few months we should 
like to suggest something that will be 
of vital interest to your church, elders, 
to your society, Christian Workers, and 
to your all-inclusive field, missionary 

Our suggestion is a mission-study 
class. Before you allow a question 

mark to rise above your mental hori- 
zon regarding this read the next sen- 
tence. We suggest a mission-study 
class in Bro. Galen B. Royer's new mis- 
sion-study textbook, " Christian Hero- 
ism in Heathen Lands." This book is 
written especially as a first book in 
mission study. Its chapters are short 
and each one complete. Its scope is 
broad, for there is the biography of a 
missionary from each of the world's 
greatest missionary fields, if one field 
be greater than another. Faithful work 
in the course will earn for you a certif- 
icate, beautifully designed, suitable for 
framing, as a lasting recognition of 
your research. 

But after you have completed one 
book and received your certificate, you 
will not want to quit studying mis- 
sions. Your appetite will not be satis- 
fied. It will only be whetted. This is 
not said to discourage or overwhelm 
you, but merely to forecast your feel- 
ings. To provide for your future mis- 
sion quest there is arranged a course 
of several books for reading and study. 
Upon completion of each of these a 
seal will be supplied for attaching to 
the certificate already received by you, 
and thus you will have the additional re- 
cognition that each one gives. 

Would you be a factor in the world's 
conquest? Would you help to inspire 
others to help? Then a mission-study 


The Missionary Visitor 


class will assist you. The world's 
great missionary heroes, both of today 
and yesterday, were influenced in the 
choice of a career by reading biogra- 
phies and missionary literature. Bu- 
chanan's " Star of the East " led Jud- 
son into benighted Burmah. Gutzlaff's 
"Appeal in Behalf of China " awakened 
Livingstone for service in the Celestial 
Kingdom, but the opium war blocking 
the way, Moffat turned him to Africa. 
A missionary tract, loaned to Dr. Scud- 
der by a lady patient, led him to Cey- 
lon as the first medical missionary sent 
out from America. Edwards' life of 
David Brainerd sent Martyn to India 
with a burning zeal, and inspired Sam- 
uel Marsden to a great work among 
the Maoris of New Zealand. A week- 
ly missionary magazine, borrowed from 
a friend, so touched the heart of Robert 

Morrison as to prompt him to become 
a pioneer apostle in China. Our church, 
growing as she is, in knowledge, love, 
and zeal, with expectant eyes turns to 
her young people who study, for the 
leaders of tomorrow, leaders both at 
home and abroad. How necessary that 
they study ! The greatest enemies of 
missions today are prejudice and indif- 
ference, twin monsters, thriving at the 
breast of ignorance and rocked in the 
cradle of inactivity. 

The General Mission Board would 
like to hear from all who are interested 
in this subject, and will be only too 
glad to assist in a campaign of mission- 
ary education during this winter. Be- 
gin now to urge the matter. There is 
time yet to study this book and com- 
plete it before the busy season of the 
spring sets in. 


Ross D. Murphy. 

NOVEMBER 17 no fewer than 
two hundred returned mission- 
aries, mostly medical, gathered 
at the sanitarium in Battle Creek, 
Mich., for a four days' conference. 
Their purpose was to relate experi- 
ences of the field, to exchange ideas, 
and thereby strengthen each other. 
Nearly every Protestant mission field 
of the world was represented. With 
such a company, fresh from the fron- 
tier, one could expect a most interest- 
ing and helpful discussion of live top- 
ics. Not theory, but real things were 
talked about. 

Several lines of activity were treated 
by the speakers. One told of the med- 
ical missionary and his duties. The 
speakers agreed that a course in medi- 
cine is not enough. There is something 
more important, and that something 
must be supplied or the missionary is 
inefficient. It is a deepening love for 

souls, prompted in and through Christ. 
A knowledge of medicine is not first; 
a personal touch with and a knowledge 
of Christ is first. 

Some of the experiences related by 
those who have spent a number of 
years on the field seemed almost unbe- 
lievable ; but when considered in the 
light of the miraculous healings by 
Christ, and His declaration, that if we 
believe on Him we shall do the works 
He did (John 14: 12), our faith is 
strengthened. We are reminded that 
the power of God is not withheld from 
us though we are feeble, if we are be- 
lievingly faithful. 

Another discussion was on the social 
aspect of missions. This was in har- 
mony with the effort put forth by the 
home boards of the various denomina- 
tions. We have a social Gospel, and in 
carrying the same to non-Christian 
lands we must meet men and women 


The Missionary Visitor 


as social beings. Social service should 
not be overlooked.- The brotherhood 
of man in everyday life must be real- 
ized, to be of greatest service. Social 
.service in the home churches also was 

The European war and its effects 
upon missions received attention from 
Bishop Hendrix, a member of the 
World's Peace Conference which was 
to have met at Constance. It so hap- 
pened that on the day for the opening 
of that conference the war began. He 
showed how the German and English 
mission stations have been almost, if 
not altogether, compelled to close, and 
this for good. This is because, (1) 
funds have been cut off, and (2) a 
number of the missionaries have left 
the field to go home to fight. It is dif- 
ficult for the natives to harmonize the 
Gospel and war, and understand why 
those preaching the Gospel of " Peace 

on earth and good will to men " should 
leave the native church and go home to 
engage in shedding blood. 

Other addresses of profound interest 
were given. A Chinese lady, at pres- 
ent attending a Chicago medical 
school, spoke on the new China. She 
pointed out how Persia, Babylon, 
Greece, and other nations rose into 
world prominence, flourished for 
awhile, yet long since crumbled into 
oblivion, while China, more ancient 
than they, witnessed their rise and fall, 
and today shows no signs of decay 
but rather unmistakable evidence of 

A missionary from among the Crow 
Indians gave an illustrated lecture. 
Missions among the lepers, also, were 
illustrated. The meetings closed with 
a lecture by Dr. Kellogg, the head of 
the sanitarium. 


In the last days of November there 
came from the press of the Brethren 
Publishing House three new books, 
each one full of more than ordinary in- 
terest for readers in the Church of the 
Brethren. Each was written with a 
definite purpose in mind and each with 
a definite mission to perform. A book 
on New Testament doctrines is needed. 
We have tracts in abundance and some 
books on doctrines, but none so com- 
plete as the new one issued. In the 
present formative period of the 
church's missionary ideals, all too few 
books have appeared to assist us in 
shaping them. The two new ones 
should find a hearty welcome. 

When men, who have devoted the 
best years of their lives to any cause, 
feel to write, the reader can expect 
something. Eld. J. H. Moore, author 
of " New Testament Doctrines," has 
given more than thirty-one of his best 

years to the church as an editor of her 
largest weekly periodical ; Eld. W. B. 
Stover, author of " Missions and the 
Church," has seen more than twenty 
years of service as a missionary in 
India; Eld. Galen B. Royer, author of 
" Christian Heroism in Heathen 
Lands," has for more than twenty-four 
years been Secretary of the General 
Mission Board. Each has written much 
in these years, and each one previously 
had written at least one book. 

Our church does not have sufficient 
books from our own members, and the 
Visitor editor contends, as he always 
has, that we have in our ranks men 
who can write books and who should 
write them, and who are the peers of 
many whose books find their way into 
our homes. We should in turn, as read- 
ers, be sure to secure the books that our 
authors write. 


The Missionary Visitor 



By J. H. Moore. 
This production is the cream from the 
author's study of his favorite theme. It 
is the product of ripened thought on the 
fundamentals of the Christian religion in 
general and the tenets of our church in 
particular. In it New Testament doctrines 
are handled under one hundred and three 
i chapters or subjects. Beginning with, " Is 
1 There a God?" the reader is conducted in 
an interesting manner through the discus- 
I sion of God's Revelation, the Old and New 
Testaments, Christ, Our Creed, Love, Obe- 
; dience, the Word, Faith, Repentance, Con- 
fession, Baptism, Forgiveness, New Birth, 
I the Church, Her Various Functions and 
Organizations, Our Distinctive Doctrines, 
the Clean Life, Honesty, Christian Giving, 
I Service, Marriage, the Dead, Resurrection, 
. the Judgment, Destiny of the Wicked, and 
I a final chapter on the Home of the R'ght- 
eous. These are but few of the many 
I treated. Each chapter is complete in itself, 
I and yet there is a thread of interrelation 
j between all the chapters, and an orderly se- 
I quence in their arrangement. The perusal 
I and consideration of one subject is suf- 
ficient meat for a " supper of reading," and 
I with the abundant Scripture references 
I given should provoke the honest student 
H into further inquiry. Written in a simple, 
pleasing style, characteristic of the author, 
I the book is intended for the rank and file 
of the church. It is nicely bound in brown 
Li cloth, contains 192 pages, and just now can 
be secured at a special price of 35 cents 
i with the Gospel Messenger. The price of 
| the Messenger is $1.50. Do not fail to se- 
cure the book at the special rate. 

& js 


By W. B. Stover. 

This book has to do with the pulsating 
life of the church in her vigor. It is in- 
tended for study, yet is suitable as an in- 
spirational book of reading. Though some- 
what wide in its range of subjects treated, it 
seeks to do justice to each one, and to sup- 
ply the reader or student with a clear con- 
ception of the subject. Chapters are de- 
voted to the following subjects: The Mis- 
sionary Zeal of the Early Church, Ancient 
Churches of the East, The Roman Catho- 
lic World, The Mohammedan World, The 
Mormon World, A Survey of China, A Sur- 
vey of India, Other Opportune Fields, The 

Need of the City, The Call of the Country, 
The Landlord and the Tenant (an excel- 
lent chapter on stewardship), and finally. 
What 100,000 Good People Can Do If 
They Want To. The book contains twen- 
ty-six illustrations, including a map of the 
China and India mission fields, and pictures 
of our bungalows in India. For the stu- 
dent the books suggested for additional 
reading, as given at the close of each chap- 
ter, and the appendixes will prove of much 
value. The book, containing 204 pages, 
handsomely bound in cloth, may be se- 
cured for 60 cents. It should be in every 
home, and especially in the homes where 
there are young people. It is recommended 
as the first seal course in our new Mission 
Study Program as outlined by the General 
Mission Board. 

<£ J* 



By Galen B. Royer. 

This book by Bro. Royer was written by 
request to serve as a first book in the new 
Mission Study Course as outlined by the 
General Mission Board. It may be read 
as an inspirational book, or it may be 
studied closely by the student, with much 
profit. The book contains twelve chapters, 
ten of which are biographies of some of the 
world's greatest missionary heroes, namely: 
William Carey, the Father of Modern Mis- 
sions, Robert Morrison, of China, David 
Livingstone, of Africa, Adoniram Judson, 
of Burmah, Guido F. Verbeck, of Japan, 
James Chalmers, of the South Sea Islands, 
James Gilmour, of Mongolia, Fidelia Fiske, 
of Persia, John Kenneth Mackenzie, med- 
ical missionary to China, and Henry 
Martyn, first modern missionary to the 
Mohammedans. The last two chapters are 
devoted to a brief survey of general mis- 
sion work, entitled, " Missions Till 1790," 
and " Growth in the Nineteenth Century." 
Four pages at the beginning of the book 
are devoted to suggestions for mission 
study classes. A fine group of questions 
for the mission study class is found at the 
close of each chapter, and a well-prepared 
chronology of the missionary's life con- 
cludes each biography. This book, bound 
in cloth or paper, containing 192 pages, 
with portrait engraving accompanying each 
biography, may be obtained of the General 
Mission Board at 40 cents for paper binding 
and 55 cents in cloth. Every family in our 
Brotherhood should have this book. 

There is now only one in 2,500 American Protestant church members on the 
foreign mission fields. If we eliminate fifty per cent of our church members as non- 
contributing we could treble our missionary force and still leave only one foreign 
missionary to be supported by four hundred Christians at home. — J. C. White. 


The Missionary Visitor 



WE were disappointed in hearing 
from so few of the bands again 
this month. This department 
of the Visitor is given over wholly to 
the United Volunteers, and let us take 
advantage of the opportunity and make 
this an exceedingly live and interest- 
ing feature of the Visitor. We would 
like essays occasionally, but let us also 
have some striking missionary statis- 
tics, some band reports or items, some 
questions that you would like answered 
through the columns of the Visitor, a 
poem — something that will add variety 
and interest to all, and especially some- 
thing that will stir every Volunteer to 
a deeper consecration, and every un- 
concerned one to be a Volunteer. May 
each band respond every month in 
some way. Send us something, if it is 
not more than a few words. If any 
Volunteer not in any local band has 
something to give let us have it. This 
department will be just what you make 
it. Do not depend upon some one else. 
Each one feel your own responsibility, 
and let us have the cooperation of all. 

E. S. M. 

WHAT does it mean to be a Chris- 
tian? It means to follow Christ. 
If we follow our Lord we will 
surrender ourselves to the Father as 
He did. We will be ready to say, 
" Take me and use me according to 
Thy will." Our lives will be wholly 
missionary as His was. Like Him, we 
will be satisfied only when helping 
those about us, cheerfully performing 
the tasks before us daily. As greater 
opportunities open up to us let us im- 
prove them and go on joyfully, serving 
our Master, according to His leading! 
Juniata Volunteer Band. 


Benjamin Summer. 

AS we search the annals of history, 
sacred or secular, we find that 
those who have attained to any 
appreciable height of true living, gave 
themselves MUCH TO PRAYER. As 
a result many and marvelous things 
were wrought by them. Just as won- 
derful results are being obtained by 
prayer today. Those who are accom- 
plishing anything worth while in the 
kingdom of Christ are those much giv- 
en to prayer. Untold are the achieve- 
ments to be wrought through the 
prayers of holy lives. 

Let us look into sacred history and 
note a few characters who, through 
their prayerfulness, lived holy lives and 
accomplished wonders. 

Enoch was a man about whom little 
is recorded in words, but that little 
speaks volumes: " Enoch walked with 
God: and he was not; for God took 
him." Walking with God here signi- 
fies close friendship, hence close com- 
munion. Thus we see the secret of his 
holy life. Never has there been a man 
who in wisdom was like unto Solomon. 
But whence did Solomon get his wis- 
dom? He received it from God in an- 
swer to prayer. Again, how much we 
admire Daniel, but the secret of Dan- 
iel's strength of character lay in the 
fact that he kept in close touch with 
God. His prayerfulness caused him to 
be cast into the lions' den, yet as a re- 
sult of prayer he was delivered un- 
harmed. Paul and Silas prayed, and 
the prison doors were opened and their 
fetters were loosed. John, the beloved 
disciple, was in close communion with 
the Father when he received his vision 
of the New Jerusalem. Christ Himself, 
our Lord and Example, found it need- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ful to pray. He spent forty days in the 
wilderness. Many times He would 
arise a great while before day and com- 
mune with the Father. And how could 
He have endured Calvary had He not 
passed through Gethsemane? 

In the light of what has been wrought 
3y the power of prayer in time past, 
how sad is the fact that there are so 
few who actually realize the need of 
Drayer today! And we as Volunteers, 
mould consider true prayer as of no 
miall significance. If these holy men 
}f old and these early Christians found 
t necessary to pray much, how much 
nore we, weak and fallible as we are, 
leed to be earnest in prayer! 
As Volunteers, we need to pray in 

order that we may form a closer asso- 
:iation with the Master each day. How 
iweet is the communion of friend with 
: riend! What earthly joy is more 

orecious than a heart to heart talk 
vith one in whom you can confide and 
me who can sympathize with you? 

put of all friends, who can be so friend- 
y as Christ? Who can be so sympa- 
hizing and confidential? As it is im- 
possible to be in the presence of earth- 
y friends without having sweet com- 
nunion with them, so it is impossible 
o dwell in the presence of Christ with- 
out having sweet communion with 

i Him. Our prayerfulness is indeed in- 
licative of our love. He who prays 
ittle loves little. He who prays much 
oves much. 

There is need of prayer that we may 
)e submissive all along the way, and 

; :hat we may be true to our purpose in 

1 ife. Satan is alert, cunningly planning 

Mow he may ensnare the worker, and 
unless we are strongly fortified by 
)rayer he may gain the day in face of 

the vows we have made to God. 

As in every other line, efficiency is 
demanded in mission work — the great 
business of saving souls. One may be 
a skilled and efficient craftsman and 
not lead a life of prayer, but to be a 
skillful and efficient soul-winner, the 
prayer-life is a necessity. Many things 
are required of the soul-winner that 
are beyond his power to do. How 
then can he perform his work and not 
keep in close touch with the Source of 
Divine power? The laborer on the 
mission field needs to be efficient in 
prayer. Prayer is simple, but there 
are conditions that must be complied 
with if it is to be effectual. And if we 
hope to pray effectually when on the 
field, we must, while in preparation, 
pursue a course of instruction in prayer 
in the school of Christ. 

Oh, we as volunteers need to pray in 
order that we may enter into the inner 
circle of His friendship, that we may 
be more submissive, that we may be 
skillful as soul-winners ; and finally, we 
need to pray now in order that at last, 
when on the field, we may know how 
to pray. 

Mount Morris College. 


Above the waves of earthly strife, 
Above the cares and wrongs of life, 
Above the clouds of doubt and fear, 
There is a place where God is near. 

A secret place of God Most High, 
Within the veil, a cleft close by; 
This secret place the righteous know, 
And to its welcome shelter go. 

A cloud may veil its only way, 
The empty gaze of man to stay; 
Fear not, O saint, to pierce the cloud, 
'Tis the sure sign of God's abode. 

— India Alliance. 

The price of victory is generalship and individual sacrifice. There must be a new 
laying hold on God for the rescue of Moslem Africa. — Zwemer. 


The Missionary Visitor 




The following story was found in a mag- 
azine, yellow with age, which was published 
in California, in the year 1860, in the month 
of July. The periodical was a copy of 
" Hutching's California Magazine," and the 
fact' that such a magazine flourished is all 
but forgotten. Here is the tale repeated, 
word for word: 

" In helping others, we also help our- 
selves. A beautiful story is told of two 
brothers, traveling in Lapland, which illus- 
trates this truth more than whole volumes 
of aphorisms. 

" It was a bitter freezing day, and they 
were traveling in a sledge, wrapped in furs 
from head to foot — but notwithstanding 
this, they were almost frozen in the fearful 

" By the wayside they discovered a poor 
traveler benumbed and perishing in the 

" ' Let us stop and' help,' said one of the 
brothers, ' we may save his life.' 

" ' Yes, and lose our own,' replied the 
other. ' Are we not ourselves freezing in 
the cold? None but a fool would think of 
stopping on such a day as this! I would 
not throw off my cloak of fur to save a 
hundred travelers!' 

" ' I am freezing as well as you,' said his 
brother, ' but I can not see this stranger 
perish. I must go to help him.' 

" He was as good as his word. He went 
to his relief, chafed his temples and gave 
him wine from his bottle to drink. The ef- 
fort that he made brought warmth to his 
own limbs, and he took the traveler on his 
back and bore him to the sledge. 

''Brother,' he said, 'look! I have saved 
this stranger's life— and also, I verily be- 
lieve, my own. I am quite warm from the 
effort I have made.' • 

" But his brother did not answer. He was 
sitting upright in his furs on the sledge, 
cold and dead." — Christian Observer. 


1. Because worry is our " upsettin' " sin 
and the devil enjoys seeing Christians up- 

2. Because when we are worrying we are 
out of commission as Christians and the 
devil enjoys that greatly. 

3. Because if we keep on worrying we 
will soon be ready for the wooden box, 
and then Satan will have more time to 
attend to the rest of the worrying crowd. 

4. Because worrying discredits us in the 
eyes of unbelievers. 

5. Because all the currents of hope and 
trust and success that are tending toward 
us are turned back when we worry. 

6. Because when we are worrying we 
can't be doing much else that is good. 

7. Because the sly old chap never wor 

8. Because when we worry the precious 
promises of. say Psa. 34, are not worth 
to us the paper on which they are writ 

9. Because worry is the devil's master- 
piece. — Selected. 


One of the best illustrations given in a 
convention address was the following by 
Dr. Carter Heln Jones, who uses the negro 
dialect to perfection: 

A dear friend was preaching in a meet 
ing in a Southern church some years ago, 
and the pastor said to him, " Have you 
noticed that old black woman who sits in 
the amen corner every morning? " 

He said, " Yes, and she helps me preach.' 

The pastor said, " That is old Mother 
Jones, and I want to tell you about her 
She has a daughter, and as that daughter 
grew up she said, 'Daughter, chile, I don 
want you to grow up an' know as little as 
your ol' mother does, an' I'se gwine to sen 
you to school, so you kin learn like other 

" And she went to her washtub and 
scrubbed and scrubbed and scrubbed, and 
brought white dollars and paid the way of 
that daughter through a good school, and 
then a college. 

" One day that daughter came back and 
said, ' Mother, I want to go across the 
ocean to Africa and tell the story of Jesus 
to my own people.' 

"And the mother said, 'Thank God, 
thank God!' 

" And they came and told her, ' We will 
get a board to send your daughter.' 

"And she said, 'A bo'd! A bo'd! I 
don't want no bo'd 'ceptin my ol' wash- 

" There that old woman scrubbed and 
scrubbed away, in season and out of sea- 
son; and," said the preacher, "she is now 
paying the way of that daughter who stands 
on the firing line among those people from 
whom she sprung." 

I ask you, O men and women in our 
churches, as you think of her, shall not 
they who stay thus by the stuff, share alike 
with those who go down to battle? (Ap| 
plause.) In the sacrificial spirit of those 


The Missionary Visitor 


who go for Christ and those who stay for 
Christ, I bid you all hail as we face another 
century in the name of Jesus Christ our 
Lord. — Exchange. 


"The other day," writes a Methodist mis- 
sionary from Basim, South India, " I saw a 
Hindu rolling along in the road. I stopped 
him and asked him where he was going. 

" He replied that his home was in Amrat- 
si, a hundred miles away, that he expected 
to travel as far as Pandharpur, making a 
total distance of three hundred and fifty 
miles, and that after he had reached Pand- 
harpur he knew God would bless him and 
forgive his sins. 

" I told him that this self-torture was 
quite unnecessary; that God had sent His 
Son into the. world for the sake of sav- 
ing all mankind from their sins. 

" But the poor fellow shook his head, re- 
fusing to believe me. ' I must keep on,' he 
said. ' There is nothing else for me to do.' 
And away he rolled." — Missionary Review. 

There'is often a wide difference between 
what one has and what he is worth. One 
may have a million dollars and yet not be 
worth as many cents. 

JZ Si 

If nations dress like brigands, they will 
come at last to act like brigands. Military 
and naval budgets are not insurance, they 
are kerosene. — Charles E. Jefferson, D. D. 


I am the immigrant. 

I looked towards the United States with 
eyes kindled by the fire of ambition and 
heart quickened with new-born hope. 

I contribute eighty-five per cent of all 
the labor in the meat-packing industries. 

I do seven-tenths of the coal mining. 

I do seventy-eight per cent of all the 
work in the woolen mills. 

I contribute nine-tenths of all the labor 
in the cotton mills. 

I make nineteen-twentieths of all the 

I manufacture more than half the shoes. 

I build four-fifths of all the furniture. 

I make half the collars, cuffs and shirts. 

I turn out four-fifths of all the -leather. 

I make half the gloves. 

I refine nearly nineteen-twentieths of all, 
the sugar. 

Indeed, I have shouldered my burden as 
the American man-of-all-work. 

What are you going to do for me? — Re- 
vised from " The Immigrants," by Haskins. 
— The Bible in New York. 

A missionary lady had a little Hindu or- 
phan named Shadi living with her. She 
had taught him about Jesus, and one night, 
when he was six years old, she said to 
him: " Now pray a little prayer of your 
own." And what do you think Shadi's 
prayer was? It was this: "Dear Jesus, 
make me what You were like when You 
were six years old." — Child's Gem. 


When J. R. Miller was obliged to give up 
a part of his work as pastor of St. Paul's 
church, Philadelphia, he sent to his people 
this message: "I understand that when 
I am physically unable to do the work I 
would be doing if I were able, it is not my 
work at all. It would have been mine if 
I were strong and well. But now my duty 
is just to rest and be still and let others 
do the work which I can not do. The 
Good Shepherd's call to me now is not to 
follow in the dusty way, but to lie down 
in green pastures! Neither is the time of 
lying down lost time. From the day I 
landed the devil lurked by my side and I 
saw there was one thing he especially 
wanted. He wanted to sap my gladness, 
wanted to steal my song, to steal my laugh, 
to rob me of the joy of my life. But one 
day I read in this dear old Book, ' My 
heart is fixed. ... I will sing' — that 
is, I'm going in for singing! It was not 
much, only a few words, but it has shed 
glory in my darkest places ever since. And," 
friends, when you find yourself in peril just 
run to David, the sweet singer of Israel, 
and get a little snatch of one of his songs. 
Fix your heart on it, make it the habit of 
your life." — Dan Crawford. 


Praise God for His commission, " Go 
And spread glad tidings here below"; 
Praise Him Who leads the mission host- 
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. 

Praise Him for consecrated gold, 

For all His arms of love enfold, 

Praise Him Who came to save the lost — 

Praise Father, Son, and Holy 

— Selected. 

We have long since ceased to doubt that we will win Asia for Christ, but how are 
we to win America if we relegate to the few the witnessing to Christ at home? — Eddy. 


The Missionary Visitor 



During the month of November the G-eneral 
Mission Board sent out S6,900 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following do- 
nations during the month of November. 

Virginia — $144.51. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Linville Creek, $ 7 05 


C. E. N. $10; D. S. Rhodes, $1, .. 11 00 

First District, Individual. 

Sarah J. Hylton, 100 

Second District, Congregations. 

Cooks Creek, $27; Sangerville, $13; 
Harrisonburg, $5.74; Elk Run, $2.10, 47 S4 


G. E. Garber, $25; C. D. Sanger, $5; 
Lydia R. Cupp, $5; J. H. Ralston, $5; 
I. C. Zimmerman, $5; Mary Zimmer- 
man. $1: B. A. Zimmerman, $4; Mrs. 

E. M. Graybill, $2; J. W. Michael and 
son, $2.12; Ira L. & Cora V. Garber, 
$2; L. S. & Elizabeth Karicofe. $2; 
Emma Hupman, $2; Jane Driver, 
$1.50; Bertie A. Huffer, $1; Mrs. W. 
H. Wright. $1; C. A. Click. $1; Mar- 
garet R. Woodell, $1; Kathryn Mich- 
ael, $1: S. L. Hess, $1; Annetta Cupp, 
$1; S. P. Cupp, $1; Regina Glick, $1; 
Mary A. McKay, $1; Mrs. Fannie M. 
Gordon. $1: Minnie F. Huffman. $1; 
C. R. Sheets. $1; Eld. Jacob Zimmer- 
man. $1; J. D. Showalter. $1; Eliza A. 
Wine, 50 cents; Mrs. J. D. Burkhold- 

er, 50 cents, 77 62 

Indiana— $134,83. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Rock Run, $29.25; Elkhart City, 
$1S.49; North Liberty. $1.52; First 
South Bend, $13.82; Elkhart. West 
Goshen, $15.49; Osceola, $2.17; Baugo, 
$27.54, 108 28 

Men's Organized Bible Class, First 

South Bend, 5 00 


Mrs. Albert Gump, $2; D. E. Hoover 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Mabel 
C. Kurtz, Goshen (marriage notice), 
50 cents; J. W. Grater, S. Bend (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; Solomon 
Burkholder, $1; Mrs. Jos. Weaver, 

$1, 5 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Clear Creek, 10 55 


Martha Barnhart, $2; I. C. Snavely 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 2 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. David Miller, New Hope, $2; 

Dora Mitchell, $1 3 00 

Pennsylvania — $104.13. 
We=tern District, Congregation. 

Meyersdale, 23 08 


Su=annah Rouzer. Dunninss Creek. 
$15; Mrs. Harriet Reed. $10; Mrs. S. 

F. Rieman, $4.50; G. K. "Walker (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents 30 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

A. G. Crosswhite (marriage no- 
tices), $2; Esther Lingenfelter, $1, . . 3 00 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

A. A. Hefln, $15; A Si=ter. Eliza- 
bethtown. $5; Daniel Booz, $1; Re- 
becca K. Toder, $1; Lizzie Gipe, $1: 
Geo. W. Hoffer. $1: A. K. Hollinger 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 24 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Grace Berger, $2; G. W. Harlacher, 
$1; Wealthv A. Burkholder, $1 4 00 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Coventry, $ 19 5c 

Ohio — $64.46. 
Northeastern District. 

Jonathan Creek Aid Society 25 00 

Zion Hill-Mahoning Missionary So- 
ciety, 10 03 


Lizzie Toms. Owl Creek. $5; Eld. 
A. F. Shriver ("marriage notice), 50 
cents; M. M. Taylor (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents 6 00 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Loramie. $2.23; Strait Creek Valley 
Congregation and Sunday-school. $2, 4 23 

The Lord's Share of "Uncle John's 

_ Earnings, 23 


J. E. Gnagey, SlOr Mr. and Mrs. H. 
S. Chalfant. $2; Mina Landis. $1: 
Katie Beath. $1; Jane Miller, Coving- 
ton. $5 19 00 

Maryland — $56.25. 

Western District, Individual. 

Perry H. Broadwater 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Long Meadow. Beaver Creek 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Mt. Airy, 


Union Bridge, Pipe Creek, 


F. N. Weimer, 

Iowa — $55.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

L. W. Kennedy 

Miidle District, Congregation. 

Panther Creek, 


J. D. Haughtelin, Coon River- 

(marriage notice), 

Southern District, Individual. 

Susanna W. Brown, 

Kansas — $54.75. 

Northwestern District. Individual. 

Isaac B. Garst, Quinter 5 3 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 


Estate. Mary E. Price, deceased, . . 

Mrs. Fred Fry, Larned, $1; An Iso- 
lated Brother and Sister. $1 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Susan Cochran, $1; J. A Strohm 

("marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Illinois — $40.65. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Kate Bover, $5; L. J. Gerdes, $5;C. 
J. Sell. Chicago. $2: Elgin S. Mover. 
Chicago. $1; A Sister. $1; J. H, B. 
"Williams ("marriage notice), 50 cents. 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Centennial, Okaw, 

Aid Society. 

Centennial Okaw, 


C. L. Strong and wife, $15.15: Car- 
rie Hummer, SI. 

North Dakota— $29.70. 

Brumbaugh, $12.70: Carrington. $4. 

W. H. Deardorff and wife. $13; A 
Brother and Sister. $2: Mrs. C. L. 

Groham, $1 13 00 

California— §28.50. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Frank R. Hartman and family, $25: 
M. Grace Miller. $3: Geo. H. Bashor 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 25 50 

Louisiana — S20.00. 

J. C. Minnis. $15; A Brother and 











; : 


: :• 



: : 

: ; 







' : 


: j 


: ' 






The Missionary Visitor 


Sister of Jennings, §5, I 

Missouri — $13.. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Sister A. E. Wine 

Middle District, Individuals. 

John M, Mohler, $5; L. P. & R. 

Donaldson, Mound Valley, $5 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mary E. Loudenslager 

Oklahom a — $12.92. 



J. ApDleman, $5; J. F. Sanger, $1; 
James Grisien, 50 cents; John R. Pit- 
zer (marriage notice), 50 cents, .... 
West Virginia — $11.33. 
First District, Congregation. 



Lime Rock, German Settlement, . . 

Geo. T. and K. E. Leatherman, .... 
Colorado — $11.00. 



Mrs. Katie Ruch, 

Michigan — $3.70. 
Christian "Workers. 



Ethel Whitmer, $1; Mrs. Alex Bur- 

rell, $1, 

Nebraska — $2.00. 

Lydia Xetzley, 

Texas — $1.00. 

Effie Ferguson 

Washington — $1.00. 

A Poor Sister, 

New Mexico — $0.50. 

Frank W. Gibson, Miami (marriage 

20 03 

2 00 

LO 00 
1 00 

5 92 
7 00 





















Total for the month, $ 789 73 

Previously received, 27,3 i 6 i 1 

For the. year so far, $28,166 44 


Ohio — $58.67. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 
Sugar Creek, $15.80; Akron, $9.22; 
Ean Chippewa, $4.25; Bethel, $2.50, 
Air! Society. 

Jonathan Creek, 

Southern District. 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

j Pension Check 

Nebraska — $25.00. 

A Sister, 

Virglna — $20.00. 
I Second District, Aid Society. 

East Mill Creek 

Iowa — $15.00. 
I Middle District, Individual. 

Roscho Rover. Dallas Center, .... 
: Minnesota — $12.50. 

Irving M. Reiff, 

• Texas — $3.75. 

A Sister. Dublin, 

.Indiana — $3.00. 
(Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Ogans Creek, 

Illinois — $2.00. 
j Northern District, Individual. 

C. J. Sell, Chicago,- 

Oregon— $1,00. 

Edward R. Wimer, 

'Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 























Miriam M. Claar $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 14192 

Previously received 393 36 

For the year so far, $ 535 28 

Ohio — $57.04. 

Northeastern District, Sundav-school. 

Canton City $ 20 00 

Class No. 6 Springfield Sunday- 
school 9 25 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethel, Salem 27 79 

Pennsylvania— -$50.00. 
Eastern District. 

Berean Bible Class, Elizabethtown, 20 3 

Southern District, Individual. 

Trostle P. Dick, Antietam 5 00 

Southeastern District, Sundav-school. 

Green Tree, 25 00 

Nebraska — $30.00. 

A Sister, 30 00 

California— -$27.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Lordsburg 20 00 


M. D. Hershey and wife, Lordsburg. 7 '03 

Virginia — $25.00. 
Second District, Aid Societv. 

Mill Creek, 25 00 

Oregon — $20.00. 

Portland 20 00 

Indiana^ — $20.00. 

Northern District, Sundav-school. 

Bethany, 20 00 

Illinois — $16.00. 
Northern District. 

Brethren Sewing Society, Franklin 

Grove, 16 00 

Michigan — $10.00. 
Aid Societv. 

Woodland, 10 00 

New Mexico — $5.C0. 

Yesso, 5 00 

Kansas— $1.32. 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Fannie Stevens, 1 32 

Total for the month $ 261 36 

Previously received, 1,703 85 

For the year so far, S 1,9 65 21 

Nebraska — $25.00. 

A Sister $ 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $3.50. 
Middle District, Individual. 

A Sister. Altoona 3 50 

Oregon— ^$0.40. 

Edward R. Wimer, 40 

Total for the month, $ 28 90 

Previously received, 235 00 

For the year so far, $ 263 96 


Virginia, — $25.00. 

Second District. 

Willing Worker's Class, Mill Creek 

Congregation, , $ 25 00 

Pennsylania— $1.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Homer S. Benton 1 on 

Total for the month, $ 26 00 

Previously received, 883 2 1 

For the year so far $ 909 27 


The Missionary Visitor 


OMc — $28.79. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Spring-field, $ 28 79 

California — $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

South Los Angeles 5 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, . 

33 79 
46 40 

For the year so far, $ 80 19 

Iowa — $3.50. 

Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class, Panther Creek 

Total for the month, $ 3 50 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

3 50 
140 56 

For the year so far 


Iowa; — $22.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Green Primary ! 

Middle District, Individual. 

Roscho Royer. Dallas Center, 

Pennsylvania— -$13.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Susannah Rouzer, Dunnings Creek, 
Middle District, Congregation. 


Eastern District, Individual. 

Rebecca K. Toder, 

Minnesota — $12.50. 

Irving M: Reiff, 

California— -$8.00. 

Northern District. Individual. 

Mrs. Chamberlin, 

Southern District, Individuals. 

M. D. Hershey and wife, Lordsburg, 
Texas — $3.75. 

A Sister. Dublin, 

Ohio — $3.16. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school 


Kansas— SI. 33. 

Southeastern District,- Individual. 

Fannie Stevens 

Washing-ten — $1.00. 

Mary and Violet Miller 

Oregon— $1.00. 

Edward R. Wimer, 

$ 144 06 

$ 7 00 

15 00 

10 00 

2 00 

1 00 

12 50 















Total for the month, $ 

Previously received, 

65 74 
750 56 

For the year so far $ 816 30 

Nebraska — $25.00. 

A Sister $ 25 00 

North Dakota — $22.00. 

Primary Class, Kenmare 22 00 

Canada— $11.00. 

"Western Sunday-school. Keithville 
Union 11 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

5S 00 
385 97 

For the year so far, 

Indiana — $28.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Emery Miller and wife 

Southern District, Individual. 

,$ 443 97 

25 DO 

Serena B. Current, $ 3 00 

Nebraska, — $25.00. 

A Sister, 25 00 

Pennsylvania— -$7.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Susannah Rouzer, Dunnings Creek, 3 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

A Sister, Altoona 3 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received, 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

For the year so far, 

Penn sylvania — $1 0.00. 
Middle District, Aid Society. 

Leamersville Junior, 

Oreg-on— $1.00. 

Edward R. Wimer, 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

60 00 
197 88 

For the year so far, $ 257 88 

Nebraska — $25.00. 

A Sister, $ 25 00 

Ohio — $12.82. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethel, Salem, 8 18 

Pleasant Hill Sewing Society. 

Newton Congregation 2 50 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

Waste Basket, 2 D4 


Dr. P. W. Dustin 10 

Indiana — $8.57. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Plunge Creek, 3' 57 

Aid Society. 

Pipe Creek 5 00 

Illinois — $3.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

John D. Wag-oner and wife 1 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Allison Prairie, 2 00 

49 39 
207 36 

For the year so far , . . . $ 25 6 75 

Nebraska — $25.00. 

A Sister $ 25 00 

Ohio — $11.19. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Vella Witmore, 50 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethel, Salem, 8 19 

Pleasant Hill Sewing Society. 

Newton Congregation 2 50 

Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

John D. Wagoner and wife, Cerro 
Gordo 100 

37 19 
330 58 

For the year so far $ 367 77 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sara Bigler $ 100 

1 00 

2 00 

3 00 

10 00 

1 00 

11 00 

14 25 

For the year so far, $ 25 25 

In regard to the great Book, I have only to say, that it is the best gift God has 
given to man. — Abraham Lincoln. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSApK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 



Wine, A. F., Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna M Ping Ting Hsien, Shanal, China 

Bright, J. Homer Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, Chlraa 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R,, India 

Arnold, Elizabeth Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R„ India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar B. B. C. I. R. R-, India 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dlst., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M Vada, Thana Dlst., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Q. A Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. O. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dlst., India 

Long, Erne V., Vyara, Surat Dlst., India 

Miller, Eliza B., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J Jalalpor, Surat Dlst., India 

Pittenger, J. M. (on furlough), Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florence B. (on furlough) Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough) Mt. Vernon, Missouri 

Royer, B. Mary Vada Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W. (on furlough), 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, Dl. 

Ross, Mrs. A. W. (on furlough), 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, III. 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Ziegler, Kathryn Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c for 
each additional ounce or fraction. 

Have You Organized Your Mission Study Class? 


By Galen B. Royer 

A New Book on Mission Study especially adapted to the needs of classes in 
oar Country Churches. 

Contains biographies of Carey of India; Morrison of China; Livingstone of 
Africa; Judson of Burma; Verbeck of Japan; Chalmers of the South Sea Islands; 
Gilmour of Mongolia; Fidelia Fiske of Persia; Mackenzie of China; Martyn, 
missionary to the Mohammedans; also two chapters devoted to a brief survey of 
missions from the Apostles to the present time. 

Each Chapter Complete in Itself. Each Chapter a Lesson. 

Contains several pages of suggestions on how to start your class. 


PRICE, postpaid: Cloth, 55 cents. Paper, 40 cents 

Send all orders to General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 

At the conclusion of this study a beautiful certificate is given, suitable 
for framing, size 11x14 inches, of which the following is a fac- 

/imMun^sM.^ Course in Missions M^^^^u^e^y^^yMe^ 
General \ V/ss/on Board. 

In Testimony AVhereof >*^tS^?&^^ 


Secretar\ - of Board. 

itntont Glljrtetiamty 

Vol. XVII 
No. 2 

recovering the social impulse of its ear- 
liest days. It is glowing once again with 
the old fire. The fatalist- whether he 
wear the garments of materialism or of predes 
tination— does not count in the forward march 
of the Christian army today. The church is 
convinced that a Christianity which does not go 
about "doing good" is not the Christianity of 
Christ. A religion which ignores the healing of 
the body is not the religion of Him Who "took 
our infirmities, and bare our diseases." A relig- 
ion which ignores child labor and child mortality 
is not the religion of Him Who took the children 
in His arms. A religion which has nothing to 
say about vice and crime in the modern city 
cannot claim kinship with the power that speaks 
out in the great apostolic letters to Corinth and 
Rome and Ephesus. A faith that merely hopes 
the will of God will be done in heaven as it is 
not on earth, is not the faith of the Lord's 


The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary rrioney, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be 
given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing' House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for February, 1915 



Religious Conditions in Denmark, By A. F. Wine, 52 

A Condensed History of - Our Work in Southern Skane, By Elder 

A. Andersson, 55 

The Magnitude of the Task, By J. M. Pittenger, 60 

The Germans in India, By I. S. Long, 65 

Pungent Paragraphs from " Prakash Petra," 67 

India Music, By Sadie J. Miller, 68 

Mrs. Lee, Ping Ting Hsien, By Emma Horning, 70 

Little Wang Tzu, By Dr. Fred J. Wampler, 71 

Notes from China for November, By Anna N. Crumpacker, 72 

Pioneer Work in Central Africa, By Esther E. Liequist, 76 

The Call of the Hour, By Chas. W. Eisenbise, 77 

Bible Memory and Devotional League, By Louella R. Bolyard, 78 

Consecration (Poem), By Forest S. Eisenbise, 79 

Joseph Amick, By the Editor, " 80 

Making the Most of Life, By Pearl Grosh, .82 


Our Gift to God, By Virgie McVoy, 83 

Am I Still Holding the Corner? By Lillian Manahan, 84 




The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVII 


Number 2 


What's the use of giving to foreign 
missions, when home missions are need- 
ing money? What's the use of giving 
to home missions, when your own 
church is needing money? What's the 
use of giving to your local church, 
when your family is needing money? 
What's the use of giving to your family, 
when you need the money for yourself? 
This is the logic of the " charity begins 
at home " folks. 

/)»? r 

Bro. Ross D. Murphy, who is spend- 
ing January among the churches of 
Northern Indiana, reports four mission 
study classes as having been started 

The missionary committee of Pan- 
ther Creek church, Iowa, sends in the 
money from that church for the sup- 
port of Sister Himmelsbaugh in India. 
It is a good idea to have this committee 
care for such definite missionary work 
as is done by the congregation. 

Many of our congregations and other 
organizations remembered the mission- 
aries, at Christmas time, with special 
donations. Some sent money, some 
other things, thus bringing home to 
our workers a taste of the genuine 
American Christmas spirit. 

^ Ik 

A brother in a neighboring State this 
month has turned over $14,000 to the 
General Mission Board. During his life 
he is to receive the interest on the 
money and at his death it is to be used 
in mission work. As a result the broth- 

er is happy, his income for life is se- 
cure, and he rests in the thought that 
should the Master call, he has become 
to this extent his own executor. A good 
many peopje have the same plan in 
mind, but the danger is that they may 
put it off until too late. 

So far three have taken the examina- 
tion on the mission study book, " Chris- 
tian Heroism in Heathen Lands," and 
have received the certificate. They 
are : Galen B. Rover, Elgin, 111., Alice D. 
Lehmann, Los Angeles, Cal., and F. E. 
Miller, Muscatine, Iowa. Bro. Miller 
also is to receive the Red, Silver, and 
Gold seals, having also completed three 
of the books in the seal course. 

Our missionary party to India has 
sailed for its chosen field. The party 
consists of Brother and Sister A. W. 
Ross and children, Brother and Sister J. 
M. Pittenger and children, and Sister 
Josephine Powell, returning from fur- 
lough, and Dr. Barbara Nickey, going 
out for the first time. Ere this reaches 
our readers they will be nearing Bom- 
bay and " home." 

///// r 

While the war continues with una- 
bated fury and bloodshed, our missions 
go on with their work, not particularly 
hampered. Bro. Stover, writing from 
India, thinks that the greatest danger 
to the missionaries is the scare that their 
relatives in America are experiencing. 
All nations seem to be especially anxious 
to care for Americans at this time. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The General Mission Board at its last 
meeting approved of the furloughs of 
Sister Eliza B. Miller, Kathryn Zigler, 
and Ida Himmelsbaugh. This likely 
means that we shall greet their pleasant 
faces next spring at Hershey, Pa. 

Just before leaving this country for 
India Sister Powell visited twenty-three 
churches in Northeastern Ohio in the 
interests of her chosen work. Her vis- 
its were very well received and were 
mutually helpful. 

'\ ((((( 

According to the report of the United 
.States Commissioner of Internal Rev- 
enue, thirty-three breweries and 127 dis- 
tilleries closed their doors in this country 
during the last fiscal year. Breweries 
and distilleries have been closing the 
doors of grocery stores and meat shops 
to suffering women and children for so 
long that their " passing " is just reason 
for praise and gratification. 

A brother and sister in Iowa recently 
sent in $25 — $1 per year — in honor of 
their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary. 
This sort of celebration sounds better, 
and is more worthy of emulation, than 
one of which it would be said that they 
" ate out the day " in memory of their 
past years. 

The first ten Chinese girls sent to 
America to be educated by reason of the 
Indemnity Fund are Christians, and 
eight are daughters of Chinese pastors. 
They were chosen by competitive ex- 
amination in Peking. 

A goodly number of our people are 
paying off their endowment contracts 
and are taking annuity bonds in their 
place. There is never any trouble then, 
after they are called home, regarding 
the disposition of that bequest. 

The Juniors' Aid of North Manches- 
ter, Ind., has recently taken up the sup- 

port of a native worker in India. 
Nickels spent by Juniors in mission 
work mean dollars spent by adults for 
the kingdom in the years that are imme- 
diately to follow. 

The Mission Study Class at Middle- 
bury, Ind., has fifteen members. How 
about that mission study class in your 
congregation? Can we not hear from 
you? If you have started one, we wish 
to hear from you. If you have not, we 
shall be glad to assist you in doing so. 

The Christians of Aintab, Turkey, as- 
tonished the Turkish soldiers recently, 
when they -arrived hungry and thirsty, 
by giving them a hot dinner and cool 
water. " Verily," said the soldiers, 
" this is something new. Never since 
the days of the prophet until now has 
such kindness been shown. No Moslem 
friend has come to give us food and 
drink without money, but these Chris- 
tians have supplied our every need with- 
out our asking." — Missionary Review. 

/??// ST 

The " Climbing Upward Boys' Class " 
of South Waterloo sent in during the 
month $13.50 for the Liao Hospital, 
China. A name such as they have 
chosen is befitting such a class. 

"/ Go, break to the needy sweet charity's 

For giving is living,' the angel said. 
'And must I be giving again and again?' 
My peevish and pitiless answer ran. 
'Oh, no!' said the angel, piercing me 

'Just give till the Master stops giving to 

you.' " 

The Gileadites posted sentries at the 
fords of the River Jordan and submit- 
ted all comers to a test. The Ephraim- 
ites were easily detected because they 
could not pronounce the word, " shib- 
boleth." That word has ever since been 
a synonym of a crucial test. Our ac- 
tions speak so loud that a listener can- 
not hear what we say. We are won- 


The Missionary Visitor 


dering, therefore, how many of us, in 
loving service to our Father, clearly pro- 
nounce " shibboleth " through our ac- 


The General Mission Board, at its 
last meeting, decided that upon receipt 
of a certain large donation for that field 
it would open a mission in Palestine. 
Bro. Galen B. Royer was asked to go 
to that field, and has signified his inten- 
tion of accepting the Board's call. 
j //// / 

Does your church measure up to the 
standard of the modern church as out- 
lined by the words on our front cover of 
this month ? Until it does, there is room 
for needed improvement. 

We regret to say that Sister Ida 
Buckingham, of Sweden, was in the 
hospital for a couple of weeks, threat- 
ened with scarlet fever. The danger is 
now past, and she is out of the hospital 
and again busy at her tasks. The work- 
ers in Sweden, through gifts of needed 
clothing, made many hearts glad at 
Christmas time. 

During the present war Great Britain 
has restricted the sale of intoxicants ; 
Germany has forbidden traffic in alco- 
holic liquors ; France has prohibited the 
manufacture of absinthe; and Russia 
has closed all the drink shops in the 
empire. ^ <# 

Which way are you growing? Up 
or down? 

In the United States and"Great Brit- 
ain there is one doctor to 625 people; 
in heathen countries, one to 1,500,000. 
The total of medical missionaries for 
1912 was 799, of whom 236 were wom- 

■^ wE 

The organ of Mormonism says they 
now have 1,173 missionaries in Great 


Russia has 163,000,000, of whom not 
10,000,000 have heard a gospel sermon. 

Dr. Barnardo's Homes, of England, 
have never rejected a destitute child. 
Less than two per cent of the children 
placed by them in homes in the col- 
onies, have failed to make good. 

A Foe to the Missionary " Wheel-horse." Did He Ever Growl at You? 


The Missionary Visitor 


Old People's Home, Sindal, Denmark. 
Brother and Sister Wine and children may be seen in the picture. 


A. F. Wine. 

WE are apt to think, when our 
Mission Board sends mission- 
aries to a foreign land, that 
that country necessarily must be heath- 
en. As a rule, no doubt, this is true. 
From letters received, some of our dear 
people in the homeland have that idea 
of Denmark. We are happy to say 
that such is not the case — no more so 
than that America is heathen, and in 
some respects not as much so. The 
name and Gospel of Jesus Christ have 
been proclaimed in this little country 
for many hundred years, so that Den- 
mark has a larger percentage of Prot- 
estants professing Christianity than 
any other nation. Of course, there is 
the same difference here, between pro- 
fessing Christianity and possessing it, 
as in America. As to the percentage 
of " possession " in proportion to " pro- 
fession," being larger, I would not like 
to say, for many things would need to 

be taken into consideration. However, 
one meets many good, earnest, conse- 
crated Christians here, the same as in 
the homeland. 

The prevailing religion is the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran, which has been the 
leading form ever since the Revolution, 
or very soon thereafter. The church 
and state have been inseparable from 
the beginning, without much opposi- 
tion until within the last half century 
or so, when dissatisfaction began to be 
manifested. Of late years this has 
grown very rapidly. Because of this, 
changes have had to be made, so that 
at present many privileges are given 
that are not usual where church and 
state are one. There is now much 
freedom in the State Church, which is- 
divided into three main divisions, 
namely, the High Church, Grundvigi- 
an, and Indre Mission. 

To the first belong: the higfher or 


The Missionary Visitor 


wealthier class. They have been, and 
are, as a rule, very formal and cold in 
their worship. The Grundvigians in 
some ways have made improvements, 
but mostly along political lines. The 
primary religious teaching of this 
branch is, that the Word of God within 
itself is dead and becomes the " Living 
Word " only when spoken by the min- 
istry. The latest branch, " the Indre 
Mission," is by far the most spiritual 
and progressive, and is fast taking 
the place of the other two. It 
is only about fifty years since this di- 
vision began its labors, but now it has 
mission houses and workers in almost 
every town of any size throughout the 

As one studies the conditions here 
in the State Church, he finds many re- 
semblances to those in our own Church 
of the Brethren years ago. Adherents 
of the State Church are very strong in 
the belief that they are the " real " 
church of God and all others are sects. 
They place much stress upon ordi- 
nances that they observe, principally 
baptism and the communion. They al- 
ways use the Lord's prayer until, as 
with many of us, it has become a mere 
form. In the Indre Mission, its use has 
been largely discontinued. 

Since the beginning of the Indre 
Mission Branch, the State Church has 
become quite active in missions, both 
in the homeland and in foreign coun- 
tries. They have established Sunday- 
schools, prayer meetings, young peo- 
ple's societies, etc. They have many 
workers among the sisters, who are 
chosen as deaconesses. They dress 
much like our sisters in America. They 
wear a bonnet and prayer covering re- 
sembling ours. Their dresses are per- 
fectly plain, and most of them wear the 
cape, the same as our sisters used to 
wear, except, perhaps, a little larger. 
They are a very simple, happy, loving 

As a whole, the " real " Christian 

people of Denmark are quite simple 
and plain in their manner of dress and 
living. They are also very sociable 
and hospitable. We have been received 
most kindly and with the best of feel- 
ings everywhere, though perhaps this 
statement should be qualified. When 
they learn that we are missionaries 
from America, they think that we are 
Mormons, which causes a shyness, for 
the Mormons have sent so many mis- 
sionaries here and have transported so 
many of the young women to Utah, 
that they are very much disliked and 
opposed. Usually, if we have the priv- 
ilege of talking with the people, we 
have no difficulty in convincing them 
that we are not Mormons. 

What about the work of other de- 
nominations in Denmark? Sixty to 
seventy-five years ago the Baptists and 
Methodists sent missionaries from 
America to Denmark. Because of the 
formality and indifference on the part 
of the State Church then, which was 
before the Indre Mission's time, they 
secured a fairly good start. At present 
they have a membership of about five 
thousand and four thousand, respec- 
tively. Their ministers say that the 
work has been very difficult, especially 
of late years, since the establishment 
of the Indre Mission of the State 
Church. Even with the membership 
as above stated they are not self-sup- 
porting, and will not be so long as the 
people of Denmark are taxed to main- 
tain the State Church. Time and again 
have petitions been presented to the 
government by denominations other 
than the State Church, asking that they 
might be exempted from paying church 
taxes, but to no avail. Other denomi- 
nations have little influence with the 
government and the mass of the peo- 

As a rule, the Danes are very deter- 
mined in their way of thinking and 
yield slowly to any change, especially 
if it comes from anv source other than 


The Missionary Visitor 


the State- Church. Notwithstanding 
this fact, people of other denominations 
generally are treated with respect and 
religious courtesy. It is rather strange 
to note that, within the last twenty 
years, the Catholics- have again begun 
work here and are making rather 
marked success in spite of the condi- 
tions as mentioned. The Salvation 
Army also is doing much good among 





You will notice that some of the de- 
nominations have decreased, while a 
few have made a slight increase. The 
Adventists and Catholics have nearly 
doubled their number. The report did 
not contain the Free Mission nor the 
Salvation Army. I have supplied the 
figures by ascertaining the member- 

Church of the Brethren, Hordum, Denmark. 

the lower class. They labor in very 
close connection with the State Church 
and in many ways help its work. Their 
primary purpose is to convert the peo- 
ple and then let them go to the church 
they prefer. I herewith give the sta- 
tistics for 1901 and 1911, so you can 
see the conditions from the standpoint 
of numbers. 

1901 1911 

Lutherans 2,416,511 2,715,187 

Reform, 1,112 1142 

Anglicans 176 192 

Methodists 3.895 4.284 

Irvingians, 3.812 3,778 

Mormons, 717 797 

Other denominations, . . 3,260 1,101 

Baptists, 5,0C0 5,165 

Adventists 764 1.282 

Free Missions, 1.000 

Salvation Army 3,000 

Catholics, 5,373 9,821 

ship from their own reports. The num- 
ber of Salvationists given means the 
actual workers employed. They keep 
no account of the number of conver- 
sions. The leader of the Free Mission 
gave 1,000 as only an estimate, as they 
do not have a good system of keeping 
the records ; nor do they carry forward 
their work in a systematic way. Yet 
they seem to be making progress. They 
are quite spiritual in their meetings and 
methods of church work. 

What is the one great need in Den- 
mark? The same as in America — " Bi- 
ble teaching and training." But this 
work here is not nearly so far ad- 
vanced as in the homeland. The Sun- 
day-school still is in its infancy. It 
has not even cut its " eye or stomach 


The Missionary Visitor 


teeth." The idea here is that Sunday- 
school is only for children from seven 
to fourteen years of age. Thousands 
of children, even of those ages, are not 
in Sunday-school. The only Bible 
teaching they get is in the public 
school, and is quite formal and dog- 
matic. Yes, a little more : just before 
they are confirmed, usually at the age 
of fourteen, they are required to go to 
the state minister twice a week, for 
four or five months, for examination 
and special instruction. Young peo- 
ple's societies have recently been born 

here, and therefore need only " milk," 
that they may develop properly. 

In systematic Bible teaching and 
training lies the salvation of the Chris- 
tian Church in Denmark. The chil- 
dren, the youth, the young, the middle- 
aged, and the old need to be assembled 
for Bible study. From the very na- 
ture of conditions, this work will be 
slow and difficult, especially if under- 
taken from without the State Church. 
But I believe it can be done. "All 
things are possible to them that be- 


Elder A. Andersson. 

Skane is the most southern province in 
Sweden. The following is a short account 
written by one who has been connected 
with the work from its beginning. — J. F. G. 

First Acquaintance. 

AFTER having been a member of 
the Swedish Mission Church in 
Malmo for a few years, I came in 
touch with Christian Hope, missionary 
of the Church of the Brethren in Den- 
mark. I was a sailor on a vessel car- 
rying building material from the south- 
ern ports in Sweden to Denmark. As 
I had opportunity, I attended various 
missions in Copenhagen in order to 
hear the Word of God. While my ves- 
sel was in the harbor I happened into 
the Brethren's Mission, and a new in- 
terest was awakened in me when I 
saw the brotherly love exercised by 
the members, and especially the inter- 
est they showed in me. I had a desire 
to worship with these people when- 
ever I got to Copenhagen. In this 
manner I was awakened to a new life 
in Christ Jesus, and a fuller obedience 
to God's Word. 

Bro. Hope was a singular man — a 

man who could draw people by love. 
I never knew him to employ hard, 
rash words, as is often the case with 
preachers. I found a pleasant and hos- 
pitable home in Bro. Hope's family. 
They often sacrificed the necessary 
comforts of life in order to win souls 
for Christ. A bishop must be " a lover 
of hospitality, a lover of good men " 
(Titus 1:8). In such a way I was led 
by this family to a fuller interest in 
the truth of God's Word, which be- 
came more real to me than ever be- 

Baptism and First Work. 

In 1885 I was baptized in Copen- 
hagen, by Bro. Johansson, who was a 
watchmaker by trade, and later went 
to America. I continued on this nar- 
row way, and the Lord greatly blessed 
me during these years. 

My wife was baptized the same year 
by Bro. Hope. We have all these years 
fought the good fight of faith and 
shared with each other in sorrow and 

I was soon called into active service 
for the church. In 1886 I was elected 


The Missionary Visitor 


Brother and Sister A. Audersson. 

to the deacon's office, in which capac- 
ity I served as best I could according 
to my talent. 

In 1888 I was called to the first de- 
gree of the ministry. Then it became 
my duty to conduct the services when 
no other preacher was present. The 
same year I was advanced to the sec- 
ond degree, and thus came to preach 
more frequently on Sunday and teach 
a class in the Malmo Sunday-school. 
My wife also taught a class, and both 
were happy in the work of the Mas- 

The work continued to grow in Mal- 
mo and Limhamn. A mission hall, 
with rooms arranged at one end for a 
dwelling, was built and ready to be 
occupied in 1888, the year I was ad- 
vanced in the ministry. The church 
asked me to move my family into the 
newly-built house, to take care of the 
same as well as to assume charge of 
the church work at that place. This I 
did in October. 

I was ordained to the eldership in 
1891, by Brethren C. Hansen, C. Esk- 

ildsen, of Denmark, and John Olsson, 
of Malmo. 


The work continued to grow, but 
was subjected to much scorn from 
members of other persuasions, espe- 
cially because of the ordinance of bap- 
tism and washing of the saints' feet. 
Not only were the members mocked, 
ridiculed, and even persecuted, but our 
children were made to endure much. 
Sometimes a company of larger chil- 
dren would hold their heads under the 
rain spout, or hold the petroleum can 
over their head, and say, " I baptize 
you in the name of the Father," etc. 
Many similar indignities were imposed 
upon them. During the years that I 
was employed as a sailor in order to 
support my family, Sister Andersson 
and the children often were frightened 
by the doors being bombarded with 
snowballs and even stones. 

For twenty years Sister Andersson 
and the children were alone at home, 
while I was out at sea, earning bread 
for the family during the week and on 
Sunday serving the mission. On Sat- 
urday evening I would take the train, 
or boat, from where my vessel was in 
harbor over Sunday, to Malmo, walk 
three miles to my home in Limhamn, 
and early in the morning board the 
train from Malmo to the place of 
preaching. One was then, obliged to 
depend more upon the lower limbs. 
There were no train connections be- 
tween Limhamn and Malmo. 

I will relate one of my many experi- 
ences, to afford our dear readers a 
little idea of the beginning of the work 
in this country. I can not remember 
the date. I was to take the train at 
Malmo that morning for a place about 
twenty miles east. At five o'clock, 
with Bro. H. Jonsson, a deacon, who 
had decided to accompany me, I left 
home. Our time was limited and my 
brother suggested that we take the 
footpath across the field and cut off 


The Missionary Visitor 


part of our way. To this I would not 
readily consent. I preferred to go the 
usual sure route, but he prevailed and 
we went as he suggested. It was quite 
dark when we started, but after we left 
the village it became darker. My 
brother, who was ahead, soon found 
himself at the end of the path and even 
wading in water. He wore boots and 
was better prepared for this kind of 
work than I. Naturally I halted when 
I reached the water. " What has be- 
come of the path? " said my guide. We 
stood in awe a minute. Then he waded 
on, but the water became deeper. I 
could not refrain from laughing as I 
thought of the result of trying to short- 
en our trip. We finally got across the 
water, but were much delayed. 

Our time was limited, and we start- 
ed to run, soon to find ourselves in a 
cemetery, with a high fence between us 
and the station. The first signal for 
the train to start was given. We 
scaled the wall as best we could, and 
took a straight cut for the station, 
but before we arrived there we met 
with another obstacle. I made a jump 
and landed in a ditch in water up to 
my knees. There was no time to med- 
itate over this misfortune, for in a few 
minutes the train would pull out. Like 
the Apostle John, I had outrun my 
brother and purchased tickets for both, 
when he reached the station with boots 
j filled with water, a torn overcoat and 
dirty trousers. When the train had 
started, Bro. Jonsson sang a hymn to 
comfort and encourage me as best he 

It was light when we reached Tralle- 
borg, and then we could see in what 
condition our clothes were. We were 
ashamed to pass through the town in 
this condition, so we went to the pump 
near the station and washed off the 
dirt as best we could. We continued 
our journey, a distance of six miles, 
through the rain. When about half 
way, the rain fell in torrents and the 

wind blew a strong gale. The storm 
got the best of my brother's umbrella, 
dividing it in two, taking one part 
along and leaving him to continue his 
journey with but a cane. He suggest- 
ed that we turn back, but I said, " We 
are now halfway. It is no further to 
our destination than back to the sta- 

Upon arrival at the place for the 
meeting we were greeted by a full 
house. My traveling companion went 
to a house near by and asked permis- 
sion to sit by the stove in order to 
dry his clothes. I was left to conduct 
the service. Although we had our 
share of discouragements along the 
journey, it proved to be a most glorious 

A cup of coffee was all we received 
to renew our physical strength until 
we reached home late in the evening. 
This experience satisfied the deacon 
brother. Never again did he volunteer 
to take a trip like this in company 
.with the preacher. I was obliged to 
rise at four o'clock the following morn- 
ing in order to get to my place of em- 
ployment in time. Sometimes I had 
to rise earlier and walk a long distance 
to my work. 

During these years Bro. John O. 
Parsson, now in Texas, U. S. A., Bro. 
H. O. Weiler, deceased, and I were fel- 
low-workers for the Lord in Malmo, 
Limhamn, Tralleborg, Gislov, Skurup, 
Copenhagen, and a number of other 
places. The Lord blessed our efforts 
and crowned them with success. These 
were the younger days of service. We 
were happy in the Master's work and 
rejoiced in the God of our salvation. 
Nothing was too hard to attempt. The 
cross was not heavy while following in 
the footsteps of the Master. 

Reverses Come. 

But now adversity came to check the 
rejoicing among this little band of 
God's children. Bro. Parsson moved 


The Missionary Visitor 


to Vannaberga and Bro. Weiler to 
Norrland, the northern part of Sweden, 
and I was left by myself to shepherd 
the Malmo and Limhamn church. The 
work moved along nicely for a time. 
Two brethren, who were later called 
to the ministry, united with the church. 
We labored together in peace and har- 
mony for a number of years, but then 
different offences developed in the 
church. The peace and joy, so charac- 
teristic during the first years of the 
mission, was marred. Some of the 
young members went to America ; oth- 
ers moved to places in Sweden. Some 
took unconverted life companions, 
which in Sweden meant expulsion from 
the church ; others returned to the beg- 
garly elements of the world. Thus not 
a few were lost to the church. 

More discouragements followed, 
when Bro. Parsson, who had charge 
of the work at Vannaberga, suddenly 
left Sweden and went to the States. 
The clouds slowly gathered over our 
church in Sweden and dark days were ^ 
evident. A sifting time had come. 

Bro. Weiler left without a shepherd 
a little flock of some thirty members 
in Norrland, and moved his family to 
Malmo. This action created a disturb- 
ance that resembled a forest fire be- 
yond human control. A committee of 
brethren from America came twice to 
our assistance. This checked the fire 
to a certain degree for a short time. 
It was during this period of trouble 
and discouragement that Brother and 
Sister Vaniman were sent to our as- 
sistance. Bro. Vaniman had a keen 
eye and good judgment. He did a no- 
ble work for the church in Sweden. 
He proved everything well before he 
acted. I shall never forget the meek- 
ness and patience he exercised at the 
last meeting he was with us in Malmo. 
But he was also surrounded by a lit- 
tle company of faithful members, who 
loved him and Sister Vaniman and ap- 
preciated their noble efforts. The axe 

had long been placed at the root of the 
trouble, but no one dared to use it. 
He employed it successfully and the 
fire was soon brought into subjection. 
Much might be said here, but I shall 

Bro. Vaniman's time in Sweden was 
too short. This may be said to the 
respect of his beloved companion. I 
shall never forget his work among us, 
and especially our separation at the 
wharf, in Malmo, as he stood, head 
taller than the group of weeping mem- 
bers around him, and gave us all the 
last words of admonition. I followed 
him on the boat, where in his parting 
words to me he said, " Make many vis- 
its in Malmo." He took my hand for 
the last time and said heartily, " Good- 
bye. The Lord bless you." 

Relieved from My Former Work. 
Some time before our dear brother 
left us, he, for the second time, asked 
if I would not leave my work as a 
sailor and give all my time to shep- 
herding the little flock that remained 
faithful in Malmo and Limhamn. I 
felt unworthy and insufficient for such 
a task as this, and refused until I was 
certain that it is God's will. 

I was in company with Eld. Per 
Jonsson, of the Vannaberga church, 
on a mission tour in his district, when 
he encouraged me to abandon my work 
and give all my time to the service of 
the church. I agreed to cast lots about 
the matter, and if the lot fell on me, 
I should be obedient to the Lord. The 
lot fell on me, which meant that I 
should leave the company I had served 
for twenty-seven years and give my 
individual time to the preaching of the 

I have had charge of the work in 
Southern Skane. We have had no 
large ingathering, but a few have en- 
tered our ranks. I have labored at 
fourteen different places during my 
time of sen-ice. The people would 
gdadlv hear the Word of Truth, but 


The Missionary Visitor 


when the subject of obeying the truth 
from the heart was advanced they, like 
those in the time of Christ, turned 
back and followed no more. We praise 
the Lord for the few who have been 
made to realize the importance of fol- 
lowing in the steps of the Savior and 
have been numbered with the saints. 

The Wolf Enters the Flock. 

In the midst of peace, and one might 
say prosperity, the wolf entered and 
spared not the flock. Russell's disciples, 
'with their perverted doctrine, came to 
this part of Sweden and poisoned the 
minds of some of our members in Mal- 
mo and Limhamn. Speakers with un- 
known tongues pestered the church 
at about the same time. These two 
classes of imposters robbed the Church 
of the Brethren of nine members, of 
whom two were preachers. 

According to the proverb, misfor- 
tune never comes single-handed. At 
this time I was confined to my bed 
with acute stomach trouble. It was 
hard to understand why the Lord 
should allow such a severe trial to be 
my lot. It appeared to me as if the 
best of our members had been plucked 
from us. But God, Who searches the 
hearts, knows what is the mind of the 
Spirit, and makes intercession for 
them. The few who were more stead- 
fast have remained firm on the rock, 
while storm after storm has raged and 
the .waves of slander and persecution 

have rolled over them. It has simply 
purified them and caused them to stand 
more firmly upon the true foundation. 

I must add here, that if one of the re- 
ligious sects in Sweden must struggle 
for a footing, it is the Church of the 
Brethren. We are despised by all oth- 
er churches. Do you ask why? Be- 
cause we obey God rather than man, 
or the opinions of men. 

During the twenty-eight years of 
service for Christ and the church, I 
have done the best I knew how with 
the little talent I possess, and the 
strength the Lord has given me, to 
defend the Word of Patience commit- 
ted unto us. And I have always looked 
forth with an eye of faith and a hope- 
ful spirit to see the day when finally 
the Word of God shall conquer. 

Now, since we have with us Brother 
and Sister Graybill and Sister Buck- 
ingham, who are younger in years and 
more active in service, we shall, as 
one man in love, work in the vineyard 
of the Lord. If the work is hard and 
slow, may it move forward step by 
step, and God Himself will crown the 
work with victory. 

I fear mv article is rather long for 
the readers of the Visitor. I conclude 
with loving greetings to all the dear 
brethren and sisters of like precious 
faith. Remember at a throne of grace 
the little army struggling for the truth 
in Sweden. 
^ Limhamn, Sweden. 

Mission House, Anklesvar, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


, .,. ..„ s . . 




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■ ' ' ■ - : 



1 -M 

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M::SM:-. Pl-jr'y^MSM^-. -. ■ : 

A Common Scene at an Indian Well. 


J. M. Pittenger. 

THE magnitude of the work as- 
signed to' the church by her Lord 
is such that no one has ever fully, 
hence clearly, comprehended it; and yet 
its magnitude is but partly as great as He 
Who gave the work and has placed at 
the church's disposal, for its accomplish- 
ment, men and women more than suf- 
ficient in number and of means vastly 
in excess of the actual requirements. 
So there is every reason for the chil- 
dren of our King laying hold of this 
work with fulness of courage and with 
the thought that it can and will be done 
just as surely as it has been given. 

Yes, brother, sister, the magnitude of 
the work sometimes appalls us, but the 
hope and assurance of its* accomplish- 
ment are much greater, because they are 
given us by our King, even as is the work 
or the power to see its magnitude ! How 
blessedly divine, inspiring, and full of 
recompense are both the work and the 
courage which causes us to lay hold of 

given by God or 
at the least, three 

and thus attempt its accomplishment ! 
Their source is He Who calls us and 
sends us forth to it! 
A work, whether 
man, always implies, 
things : 

1. Recognition of the work and the 
need of its being done. 

2. The means or way of doing it. 

3. The result to be obtained by un- 
dertaking and accomplishing it. 

These divisions are, necessarily, broad 
in scope, and the discussion of any one 
or all of them, as they relate to the 
evangelization of the world, has called 
forth the noblest and best thoughts of 
the noblest and best men and women of 
all the different periods of time since the 
resurrection of our Lord. Later, put 
in form for the consideration of others, 
these same thoughts form the most in- 
spiring and helpful spoken and written 
messages ever given by men to men. 

Those on the foreign field in China, 


The Missionary Visitor 


India, or elsewhere, are related to the 
work in suc^i a way that they can see its 
magnitude as it can not be or is not seen 
by the church as a whole or by a very 
large percentage of her members as in- 
dividuals. This fuller vision of the 
vastness of the work and its needs in- 
spires the writing of all the articles for 
the various missionary magazines and 
other periodicals interested in missions 
to the extent of publishing such articles. 
This fuller vision is also the one reason 
for the constantly-repeated and very 
urgent calls coming from those who have 
seen or are now beholding this vision. 
As all who have heard or read these 
calls know, they repeat over and over 
that truth so long ago spoken by Jesus as 
He stood, doubtless, by some field white 
unto the harvest; and, too, that lesser 
truth that there should be the corres- 
ponding and fuller consecration of the 
means wherewith He has crowned the 
efforts of each one and all who have 
tasted of the Word of Life and, besides, 
are looking for Him to come again. 

For the fact that one's courage to lay 
hold of the work and the assurance of 
final and triumphant victory in its ac- 

complishment increase in such measure 
as to overcome all doubts, let each and 
every believer greatly rejoice! And 
doubts, you know, arise only when we 
have the narrow vision ; i. e., see but a 
little of the vastness of the task! So 
let not a single believer ever forget that 
God is now and always must be infinite- 
ly greater than any task He assigns us. 

Because of the frequency and urgen- 
cy of the calls above referred to, have 
you, reader, ever become vexed or im- 
patient? Do you yet understand why 
they are so frequent and urgent? Be- 
low is a word picture which you are 
asked to consider. While this gives but 
a few features of a very small section 
of the earth's surface, it is presented, 
dear reader, with the hope that you will 
be aided in seeing in fuller measure not 
alone the work, its magnitude and needs 
of that " little corner," but in still larger 
measure the still greater task of " the 
whole wide world." 

This " little corner " covers nearly 
1,000 square miles, and has a population 
of almost 30,000 souls, living in 350 
different villages scattered over all this 
territory. That you may more fully un- 

A Street Corner Scene. 


The Missionary Visitor 



derstand the picture, let us compare this 
" little corner " with a city the like of 
which can be found in various States 
of our land of the free. Because it is so 
well known, generally, to our. Fraterni- 
ty. Waterloo, the .beautiful county seat 
of Black Hawk County, Iowa, has been 
chosen. This city, too, has a population 
of almost 30,000 souls, is prosperous be- 
yond my powers to describe, has many 

Let us suppose that each home in Wa- 
terloo affords shelter for an average of 
six souls. This would make a total of 
5,000 homes, all within the .boundaries 
prescribed by her council, acting in ac- 
cordance with the laws of the State. 

4. Waterloo has all of the religious, 
educational, moral, civic and other ad- 
vantages of a modern city. She has at 
least as manv missionaries (ministers of 

churches and public schools, has had 
the Word of Life preached within its 
borders ever since it was founded, is 
therefore evangelized, and, let us hope, 
a model in every wa) T as a social, civic 
and religious center. 

Now, while we study the picture of 
this " little corner " and city, let us make 
a very careful comparison of the points 
wherein they are or are not similar : 

1. Their population is, approximately, 
the same as to number only. 

2. Their area is vastly different, that 
of the little corner being almost 1,000 
square miles and of the other less, no 
doubt, than one one-hundredths of the 
" little corner." 

3. The number of houses in the 350 
villages of the " little corner." according 
to the census of March, 1911, is 5,899. 

the Gospel) as she has churches; as 
many teachers as are necessary to make 
possible the completion of the splendid 
course of education now to be secured 
in the schools of even* city her size in 
our land. Just ten of the 350 villages 
have, each, a school, the best of whose 
teachers have an education not any bet- 
ter than that to be obtained in the com- 
mon country school in Ohio. The edu- 
cation of the majority of them is by no 
means even so high as this ; and yet they 
are the best available and are able to do 
much splendid work among the primi- 
tive and very ignorant people of that 
" little corner." 

5. Even with all of the equipments 
and conveniences of civilization, as now 
enjoyed in the United States, an urban 
has still some advantages over a rural 


The Missionary Visitor 


population. Think, then, of the incom- 
parable advantages, in every way, of the 
inhabitants of Waterloo over the un- 
civilized, the untutored inhabitants of 
that far away " little corner." 

These few facts of comparison will 
help you work out some others. for your- 
self, if you care to take the time to do 
so. Space forbids the giving of others 

Let us suppose, for sake of further 
comparison, that Waterloo has but one 
missionary (minister of the Gospel) in- 
stead of the number she has ; for, re- 
member, that " little corner " covers at 
least one hundred times as much of the 
world's surface as Waterloo and has 
as many people. Then, too, the good 
people of Waterloo are educated, civi- 
lized, while the others of whom we are 
thinking lack not a little of being so. 
Surely this one missionary of Water- 
loo ought and will be ready to take up 
work in this place, which has so many 
advantages and blessings that no one 
could name them even if he should try. 
Yonder in that " little corner " is one 
and only one missionary striving to up- 
lift the people among whom he is labor- 
ing, not only in a spiritual, religious, and 
moral way, but also in things pertaining 
to education, agriculture, sanitation, bet- 
ter houses and food, and the care of 

their bodies. The last-named work 
necessitates the dispensing of medicines. 

.Now this one missionary of Waterloo, 
we will suppose, will not be asked to do 
any other or any more work than any 
one of the actual number of ministers 
now there is doing. Very well, then, 
he certainly will visit each home at least 
once a year, to pray with its occupants 
and administer things spiritual. To do 
this he will have to visit fifteen homes 
each weekday of the year, and will still 
have left him six homes to visit as a 
pastime for each of his Sundays. Will 
you please compare this one bit of work 
with the doing of the same amount in 
the 5,899 homes scattered over the hilly 
and mountainous 1,000 square miles of 
that far-away " little corner " ? There 
the Waterloo minister would have to 
visit eighteen homes each weekday and 
preach a sermon in one village, and 
would then have a visit at five, homes for 
each Sunday and also deliver a sermon 
for each thirty-seven of his fifty-two 
Sundays. This would keep him hustling 
a bit, I suspect. And so would the work 
suggested above for Waterloo. But will 
you please think it all over well and tell 
your inner self which of the two pieces 
will require the more hustling? 

The writer takes it as a fact that 
Waterloo has a (one) superintendent of 

Knife and Scissors Grinder. 

A blind person can pull the grindstone as well as any one. 


The Missionary Visitor 

February | 

schools. With all the splendid sentiment 
of almost every class in favor of schools, 
with the excellent appliances for doing 
the work and equipment, for securing the 
very best results, there are and ever will 
be, I believe, difficulties, many, perhaps, 
for him to work out. 

To illustrate : He can not, no matter 
how hard he tries, succeed in getting 
each one who enters the high school of 
the city to complete the four years' 
course of that school. Now this appears 
to be an insurmountable difficulty in an 
enlightened community guided by a man 
specially prepared for the work assigned 

While you are looking at this city 
superintendent and his problem, will you 
not also turn your eyes and thoughts to 
that lone missionary who is struggling 
against the tremendous odds caused by 
the awful ignorance and superstition of 
the 30,000 people in whose 350 widely- 
scattered villages he is trying to estab- 
lish schools and build up a school sys- 
tem? You see the missionary must not 
only evangelize, but must educate. 

Is it a splendid thing that Waterloo 
has such fine schools, so many teachers 
and that superintendent? Were you a 
citizen of Waterloo, would you vote to 
have any or all of the schools, the teach- 
ers and the superintendent removed? 
Do you truly think that so many teach- 
ers are needed, and with them, to direct 
and help them, the superintendent? 

A very large majority of those who 
will read this certainly will answer this 
question in the affirmative. If, then, 
you admit that Waterloo's 30,000 evan- 
gelized and enlightened people really 
need the schools, teachers and superin- 
tendent, can you, or do you, see the need 
of some one, a consecrated, prepared 
man or woman, to take charge of the 

educational work among the 30,000 
widely-scattered, unevangelized, inde- 
scribably ignorant people of that " little 
corner " ? Such a one could help that 
one lone missionary oh, so much ! Don't 
you think so? 

Do you think the several ministers and 
citizens of Waterloo, realizing the need 
of his help, appreciate the assistance and 
presence of the city's superintendent 
any? If so, will not that lone mission- 
ary rejoice more than words can tell to 
have the church see and supply the need 
of such a worker as above suggested? 

How many physicians and surgeons 
has Waterloo? Suppose she had none, 
or, at the most, but one? Would he not 
be an appreciated and valued worker 
among her 30,000 educated people, even 
though they do know more or less about 
hygiene and the physiology and anatomy 
of their bodies and the sanitation of their 
homes, and have, besides, their " Dr. 
Chase's," which they may consult in 
times of need? 

While you are working out this 
thought to a finish, turn your mind 
again to the lone missionary and what 
he is trying to do for the 30,000 unedu- 
cated people to whom he is compelled to 
dispense medicines and whom he in- 
structs in better methods of living. 
There isn't even one doctor there to 
help him. Would it not be a source of 
unmeasured help and blessings to these 
30,000 people who do need such help oh, 
so much? 

Last, but certainly not least, let it be 
remembered that but three of the many 
needs of but one " little corner " of the 
so-called foreign field have been pre- 
sented. How about the needs of all the 
other corners? Truly, the harvest is 
great but the laborers are few. Do you 
not think so? 

In India today there is an awakening in one generation such as required four 
hundred years to take place in Europe. There are now 4,000,000 Christians in India 
and more than 3,000 new baptisms are taking place, on an average, each fortnight.— « 
Harte. I j , 


The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Longf. 

^-^ ERMANS in India, whether in 
I tt business or in the Lord's work, 
because of the thoroughness and 
amount of work done, hitherto have 
been deservedly popular. At present, 
commercially at least, they are very un- 
popular, and government will do noth- 
ing in behalf of a German who may be 
even justly lawing some wrongdoer. In 
the Madras papers I read of a case or 
two of this sort; for during this war all 
Germans are thought of as enemies of 
the empire. 

It is unpopular to be a German or to 
be thought a German. A very well- 
liked merchant at Ootacamund, who 
even associated with the governor at 
times, for a little unwise talk to boys 
was hurried off to the Ahmed- 
naggar detention camp. A 
number of other Germans, 
protesting their anti-sympathy 
with the regime of the kaiser, 
paid the fee, five pounds ster- 
ling, and became British sub- 
jects. I myself, because of 
wearing whiskers, I suppose, 
was again and again taken for 
a German, and that not only 
by native detectives, but by the 
English themselves. I had 
papers signed by the American 
Consul at Bombay, and so 
usually joked whoever came 
after me, before showing my 

A Basle Mission shop in 
Ootacamund, usually quite 
popular, was this fall very lit- 
tle patronized. A lady told me, 
as I enquired concerning the 
amount of business done there, 
that everything German is 
rather hated than loved, so 
" how can we support this 

When the war first broke out, mis- 
sionaries under a certain age were forci- 
bly, in some instances (we were told), 
taken to Ahmednaggar, while their 
wives were with friendly missionaries 
who were surety for their hospitality. 
Missionaries beyond the fighting age 
were left at their stations, but some 
trustworthy Englishman had to be re- 
sponsible for their good behavior, in 
which case they were allowed to preach 
as usual in the near-by villages. How- 
ever, German missionaries on the hills 
were not allowed to go down from the 
hills, nor those below to come up to 
the hills, without special permission 
from the government authorities. 

In the German Basle Mission, espe- 

A Group of Our India Native Brethren. 


The Missionary Visitor 


cially, I was much interested, and so 
made it a point to investigate conditions 
prevailing in that mission. Along with 
Bro. Ross, several years ago, I was per- 
mitted to see the very extensive indus- 
trial and educational work carried on by 
these missionaries in the city of Calicut. 
Fortunately for this mission, their 
headquarters are in Basle, Switzerland, 
instead of Germany; so while they are 
suffering rather severely, to the extent 
of having to curtail half their work, 
dismiss half their workers and school- 
children in boarding-schools, etc., they 
yet hope to be able to continue in the 
labor they love, even in India. They 
received word from a responsible au- 
thority at home, soon after the war 
broke out, that as a result of increasing 
hatred in Germany of everything En- 
glish it may be hereafter very difficult, 
if not wholly impossible, to get funds 
for German missions in British terri- 
tory. Hence, one of the Basle mission- 
aries told me that he fears missions 
wholly German, supported wholly from 
Germany, will be unable to continue 
their work in India. 

War breeds terrible enmity, as. one 
can easily imagine. Yet it is sincerely 
hoped that, once the war is at an end, 
the best qualities of the Germans at 
home will reassert themselves i n t h e 
willing support of unselfish service, even 
in the land of their " one-time " enemy. 
Besides, many Americans and English 
in India have risen to the support of 
the German and other missions of the 
continent, in the present crisis ; and it 
is hoped that the church at home will 
back up the National Council of India 
in its desire to secure the permanency 
of German missions of India. 

The English papers of India are of 
course very bitter in their condemna- 
tion of Germany. The kaiser is the pro- 
moter of the war; only Germans of all 
the contesting parties are brutal van- 
dals; German trade has wholly ceased; 

things German are boycotted, etc., etc. 
The Germans are reported as being 
beaten in battle, as a rule. I don't know 
as yet of any German papers having 
reached India. So, while the German 
hears much and reads much against 
" his own," he must, without certain 
knowledge from his own country to the 
contrary, try to keep sweet and remain 
silent. I can see how this takes no lit- 
tle amount of grace. 

One of these missionaries, an aged 
veteran, told me in a quiet way of the 
great suspicion under which they lived, 
especially when the war broke out. 
Said he, " A missionary, from whatever 
country he hails, is supposed to be cos- 
mopolitan, and really is, and therefore 
ought not to be put under the ban mere- 
ly. because his countrymen at home have 
gone to war. My countrymen, as you 
know, are wholly blamed for this war, 
and we are told will be speedily crushed 
and even our empire dismembered. I 
don't know about these accusations ; but 
of one thing I am sure, and that is that 
the kingdom of God will not be de- 
stroyed. I admit that my countrymen 
had drifted from God in some respects, 
and so indulge the hope that this war 
will bring them, along with our English 
brethren, back to a closer walk with 
God ! " 

Anyhow, our German fellow-mission- 
aries need our genuine sympathy and 
prayers. They are wholly innocent and 
well-meaning, whatever may be the fault 
of the kaiser and those with him in au- 

For the sake of continental missions, 
everywhere, and for God's work world- 
wide ; for the sake of the multiplied mil- 
lions of innocent people on the continent 
who are suffering the horrors of the 
most terrible war of the ages, we do 
well to pray the Lord of the harvest 
Who is also the Lord of lords and King 
of kings, to bring the struggle to a 
speedy close. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Fart of the Ehil Village, Near Mission House, Anklesvar. 



Prakash Patra Is the Paper Issued by Our Missionaries in India for the Good of the 

Mission Work There. It Is Printed in Gujerati and Enjoys a 

Very Nice Little Circulation. 

Translated from the Gujerati. 

— The Christian church which is not 
missionary is sure to become a trouble- 
making church. 

— Whenever a Christian school- 
teacher fails to be a teacher in Sunday- 
school, he is failing on the principal 
point. In England five out of, six chil- 
dren go to Sunday-school. 

— A leader does not become a leader 
merely because he is appointed to the 
job. The man who has the necessary 
qualifications, to him the people come, 
and he is a leader already! 

— When a brother grows in strength 
he works in harmony with the church. 
It is not a sign of strength, but rather 
of weakness, when a man goes con- 
trary to the church. 

— The fellow who smokes does not 
?mell the stink of it. In the same way 
the man is deaf who swears, and the 
man who steals is blind to property 

— As long as a man is not willing to 
follow in the way of the Lord to the 

extent of his understanding, so long he 
need not look for an increase of wis- 

— This is the time of the rains, yes, 
monsoon -season. We would do well 
to pray for showers of blessing, yes, for 
floods of blessing to be poured out up- 
on us. 

— Several brethren were recently 
waiting for the train at a certain station 
not far away. They learned that it was 
an hour late, whereupon one decided to 
walk to the next station, and so save 
three cents. He will have vegetable to 
eat some day when the others perhaps 
have none! 

— Sometimes we think if we should 
make more rules in the church, certain 
evils would not happen. Brethren, it 
is not more rules we need, but a closer 
following of the Lord Jesus. Rules 
never did save anybody. 

—If God were to make the whole 
world good by force, would not the 
world be good then? The merit that is 
the result of necessity is without merit. 
Think about this. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Native Christian Audience. 


Sadie J. Miller. 

Note. — This was to have appeared as part of 
the article by Sister Miller in the January 
Visitor; but it was impossible to secure the 
plate for the song in time. 

In the two selections I have preferred 
literal translation to rhythm, as will be 
easily observed. The two tunes are fa- 
vorites among our people. Some think 
the first is an English tune made over. 
If so, it is well made. The words are 
a metrical version of the 116th Psalm. 
The second is thoroughly Indian, and 
the story is of the young ruler who 
came to Jesus by night. The second is 
simple and captivating. An audience is 
filled with delight in singing it. We, 
too, appreciate the Indian music. 


I cried unto the Lord in prayer, 
And He hath answered everywhere; 

I'll love Him more complete. 
Yes, He hath given ear to all, 
Therefore will I yet on Him call, 

I'll worship at His feet. 

Of death I feared, for death is sad, 

Of hell more pained, condemned, afraid, 

With burdens bending- low. 
Again great supplication made, 
In prayer, great faith on Him I laid, 

O Lord, redeem me now! 

Come, happy spirit, now awake, 

What God hath given, thou shouldst take, 

This is the very best; 
For He hath driven death from thee, 
And sorrow can no longer be, 

Oh, thou art greatly blest. 


Chorus: A young ruler came to Jesus 
To seek the Way of Life. 

What may I then do that I eternal life may 
O dear »Jesus! O how Jesus 
Shall I receive this life? 

Jesus answered with a question sharp and 
clear, and said: 
" What the Scripture teaches 
Have you never, never read? 

" Love for God with heart and mind and 
soul must be complete"; 
And the Lord has also told us, 
To neighbor, love is meet. 

Further Jesus tells him, " Quickly go and 
do as bade, 
And for this you'll have salvation 
If all this love you've had." 


The Missionary Visitor 

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The Missionary Visitor 



Emma Horning. 

HER husband and his brother are 
in business together. They take 
photographs and -repair watches 
and clocks, but there is not a large 
enough demand for that kind of work 
to keep both busy, so her husband has 
been one of our language teachers ever 
since we came here. He formerly used 
opium, but broke off thrice. Each time 
the temptation being too strong, he went 
back, to it, until he became a Christian 
a couple of years ago. Since then he 
has had more than his own power to 
withstand the temptation and has over- 
come, and not only this, but also the 
drink and tobacco habits. People here 
usually think that drink does not hurt 
them, for few people get drunk, but 
Bro. Crumpacker, to illustrate its ef- 
fect on the body, poured alcohol on an 
egg. This made such an impression on 
the man and others that he has taken 
none since. 

While he was being affected by the 
Gospel, his wife would have very little 
to do with it. She did not believe in 
the old gods ; she did not believe in any- 
thing. Her worst habit was gambling, 
which he considered a great disgrace to 
the family. Before he was a Christian 
he used to beat her, as other husbands 
often do if their wives do not mind 
them, but now he was very anxious that 
she should become a Christian and learn 
to know something. So he hired the 
baby taken care of and sent his wife to 
the public school, in which she took a 
great interest. But still she had spells 
of gambling, when she thought he would 
not find it out. 

However, truth will out, you know, 
and then there were awful times in the 
home. What made things worse was 
that she and her sister-in-law had to 

live in the same court and could not get 
along together. They fought like cats. 
During one of the storms last winter 
he said it was more than he could stand. 
He would not beat her and she would 
not behave, so he was just going to 
leave them all. This broke her heart and 
she cried for days till she became sick. 
Then peacemakers from both sides 
came, and they made up again. He felt 
that he was doing so much for her and 
she did not appreciate it. enough, so he 
was severe with her and did not let her 
go to school for a while, for she was so 
interested in studying that she neglected 
her home and children. She is a 
strong woman, of much ability, and in 
her couple of years of study began to 
know her power. She decided to be a 
teacher and earn good wages, for wom- 
an teachers are in great demand. She 
had finished the primary school when 
this storm took place and had great pros- 

Can you imagine her grief when, add- 
ed to all her other troubles, he said she 
could not go on with her studies ? These, 
perhaps, were the greatest pleasures she 
had ever had. Her burden became so 
unbearable that she could stand it no 
longer, so she came to Sister Crum- 
packer, told her all, and said she must 
have peace. She asked us to pray very 
much that she may have God's peace 
in her heart, and she wanted to study 
the Bible. She comes to services some- 
times. The last time I visited her the 
Lord's prayer was put up in the win- 
dow, where she could see it all the time, 
and when we had prayer she and her 
little girl prayed that prayer. 

Her husband again allows her to go 
to the primary school, and in time she 
may be able to gratify her ambitions. 


The Missionary Visitor 


She is happier, but she has not sur- 
rendered herself completely to Christ. 
She knows where the true peace comes 
from. May the Spirit never cease to 
strive with her till she has found con- 
tinual peace in Him. 

This Mrs. Lee is only one of China's 
millions of women who are struggling 
for peace and liberty among the many 
conflicting circumstances. Each wom- 
an, as she tries to rise, will have battles 
as hard to fight as we had during the 
Civil War, when we threw off our bur- 

den of slavery. But she will rise, as 
the women of all nations rise where Je- 
sus Christ, the Champion of all the 
downtrodden, is preached. 

Pray that this woman may have 
strength to do her duty to her God, to 
her family and to her nation. But 
while you are praying, remember that 
she is only one of the millions, and 
many may have it much worse than she, 
for they' do not have food for them- 
selves and their children. 


Dr. Fred J. Wampler. 

I j not the first case we had to take 
care of at Ping Ting Chou, but 
we feel that it is the one that will 
amount to the most for the church 
here, and therefore we will tell you 
about it. 

The story would not be complete 
without an account of the little fellow's 
history. He was living in the thickly- 
settled province- of Anhwei, in east 
central China. The floods came quite 
often and for three successive years 
ruined the crops. Great numbers suf- 
fered and many died of starvation. 
Wang Tzu was so emaciated and 
weakened by the lack of food that he 
could barely walk. This was the con- 
dition in which he was found when 
rescued in 1912. It was a kind Prov- 
idence- that brought the missionary to 
him and saved his life. 

Since his rescue, in 1912, he has been 
in the Boys' School at Ping Ting Chou. 
He is sixteen years old, but is rather 
under-developed for a boy of that age. 
Intellectually, he is about an average 
boy in China, neither very bright, nor 
is he dull. He is very active physical- 
ly, but is very well behaved. He has 

asked to be received into the church, 
but has not been baptized as yet. 

On Christmas Day he was seized 
with a very acute attack of appendi- 
citis. There was no room in which we 
could operate. There were plenty of 
Chinese rooms that might have been 
used, but these contained germs that 
have been lurking there for years. Cer- 
tainly we couldn't perform an abdom- 
inal operation in one of these. We did 
the next best thing. He was cared for 
through the attack and when he was 
better was brought to Paotingfu, in 
the province of Chihli, where the Pres- 
byterian Mission has a good hospital. 
Here, Jan. 16, Dr. Lewis and the writer 
operated on him. His appendix had 
ruptured during the acute attack, and 
there was still much local peritonitis. 
He recovered nicely from the opera- 
tion, and at this writing is back in 
school at Ping Ting Chou. 

While in the hospital at Paotingfu 
he made himself of service for the Mas- 
ter by reading his Testament for the 
men who could not read. Only a few 
times did we go into the ward when 
he wasn't reading for the man in the 
bed next to him, when he was well 


The Missionary Visitor 


enough to read. May the seed he 
sowed in this way have found good 
ground and bring forth fruit. 

Thus, little Wang Tzu has been 
saved from what seemed to be ap- 
proaching death, once by the mission- 

ary and once by the missionary doctor. 
Don't you think the Lord has some 
work for the little fellow since He has 
sent His messengers to rescue him 
twice? I certainly think so. 


Anna N. Crumpacker. 

YOUR China workers have had 
some cause for rejoicing, as they 
are able to see some of the fruits 
of their labors. Twenty-one have been 
received into church fellowship this fall. 
For the first time, the Liao Station has 
been permitted to receive some local 
men of the teacher class. This marks 
an epoch for any station in China, for 
then one can truly feel that a good foun- 
dation is being laid. One man whom 
they received was under conviction last 
year, but lacked the courage to take the 
stand. This year he was agreeably sur- 
prised, when, a few days after his bap- 
tism, some of his non-Christian friends 
congratulated him on the step he had 

The love feast at Ping Ting Station 
was held Nov. 13. In the morning there 
was the baptismal sendee; in 'the after- 
noon the examination service, and in 
the evening the love feast. Forty-three 
members communed. Bro. Bright and 
Brother and Sister Beckner were with 
us. For the first time the preparation 
of the meal was given over to the native 
brethren. They enjoyed it immensely 
and so did we. It was all native 
fashion. We ate with chopsticks from 
Chinese bowls and had native food. It 
was nicely prepared and really delicious. 
The native brethren contributed more 
than half of the expense of the meeting. 
The spirit 'of the occasion was inspiring. 
I wonder if we really can enter into the 
feelings of those who have left the gods, 

made by their own hands, and have 
found fellowship with the loving Jesus. 
I wonder if, perhaps, the love of Jesus, 
as shown in His death, does not touch 
a deeper, a keener heart response with 
our native brethren and sisters than it 
does in the hearts of those who have 
never offered sacrifices to appease the 
wrath of offended demons. 

This year the first have been received 
into fellowship as the result of out-sta- 
tion work. Three were baptized from 
Le Ping. Two of these brethren al- 
ready have endured some persecution, 
because they refused to contribute to 
the theatrical funds in their village. 
One brother is a Chinese artist of some 
ability. Our prayers are with them as 
they are back in their homes surround- 
ed with idolatry. 

This fall, also, we received the first 
single sister into the church. She was 
among the first to enter the girls' school. 
She is a beautiful girl, unusually sen- 
sible for one with so little opportunity, 
so happy in her way, and seems to un- 
derstand the step she has taken. None 
of her family are Christians, but they 
were willing for her to be baptized. 

Along with the joys of mission work 
come some keen sorrows and disappoint- 
ments. The Ping Ting Station recent- 
ly was called upon to feel one of these 
bitter, bitter disappointments, when the 
wife of one of the Christians, a woman 
who had been given a good deal of 
teaching, who had asked for baptism, 


The Missionary Visitor 


committed suicide. Her eldest son was 
baptized this fall. She came out to see 
the baptism and said that next fall she 
wanted to be baptized. She also had 
two other sons, one daughter and two 
proposed daughters-in-law in our school. 
For a time the home had not been the 
happiest, and for some reason the wo- 
man had received harsh treatment at the 
hands of her husband's parents, and per- 
haps from her husband. Her father-in- 
law came home drunk, ordered food 
which could not be given him, and there 
was a general smashing of w r ater jars, 
etc. During the excitement the woman 
took arsenic. Whether she really in- 
tended suicide or only to frighten rel- 
atives, after Chinese fashion, is not 
known, but when she feared death she 
pleaded for them to save her life. She 
had eaten too much, and in a few hours 
the sad end came. The husband asks 
what the church can do to help him hold 
the family together. Without assistance 
he says he cannot do it. Pitiable, in- 
deed,- is their condition. Suicides are 
not rare in China; pretended attempted 
suicides are numerous. 
■ In the face of difficulties China is 
opening up to the Gospel. The cam- 
paign under the leadership of Mr. Eddy 
shows a great willingness on the part of 
the natives to investigate the claims of 
Christianity. Literally thousands of 
students are enrolling in Bible study 
classes. True, some who enrolled do 
not attend for any great length of time, 
and some doubtless have enrolled with- 
out thinking what they were doing, or 
to be polite, but there are great numbers 
who are manifesting a deep interest in 
finding out the teachings of the Bible. 
Securing Bible instructors is no small 
task. A Y. M. C. A. secretary of 
Peking recently said there was nothing 
easier to do now than to start a Bible 
class in Peking. He said that at a re- 
cent meeting, when he thought perhaps 
ten or twelve would enroll in a Bible 

Ci-ate to the City of Liao Chou. 
The road zigzags into the city. Evil spirits 
can only go in a straight line, hence the ef- 
fective way to keep them out. 

class, over four hundred signed appli- 
cation cards. The harvest is ripe in 
China if it ever was anywhere. The na- 
tion's safety depends on the readiness of 
the Christian Church to grasp the op- 

Dr. Brubaker and family have been 
granted a few months'. leave of absence 
from the Liao Station. They are now 
at Taiku, at the American Congrega- 
tional Mission, where the doctor has 
more time for language study and al- 
so an opportunity to come in touch with 
China hospital work. 
" Dr. Wampler is through with his 
study at Pao Ting Fu. He has had 
eight months away from his station, for 
language study. It is needless to add 
that his coming to Ping Ting to stay is 
much appreciated by the Chinese as well 
as by the foreigners. How long and 
anxiously have we looked forward to 
having a doctor with us, and though he 
will continue his study to some extent, 
he is able to get along with his doctor- 
ing without the aid of an interpreter. 

The visit of Brother and Sister Beck- 
ner has been one we shall not forget. It 


The Missionary Visitor 


was a source of real joy and inspiration 
to all of us. A rare treat it was to see 
some one from our own homeland who 
could share our joys and note our 
problems. They are now at Peking and 
will soon be winding their way to Amer- 
ica's shores. 

In these times of trouble for Europe 
we cannot help but congratulate our- 
selves that we are located so far from 
the turmoils of war. Aside from the 
advanced price for some of our articles 
of food we feel nothing of the war, on- 
ly as we read the newspapers. China 
is just now a little uneasy, as she can- 
not help wondering what will be the 
next step Japan will take. Some extra 
guards have been placed around Presi- 
dent Yuan's quarters, but hopes are en- 
tertained for the continued peace of 

Si Si 

The world was stirred some years 
ago when Dr. Jackson, who went out 
to China as a medical missionary, was 

spared to work only a few months, un- 
til he was called home. With this ex- 
planation the following, from an ex- 
change, will be understood : 

Inscription on tablet of Medical College, 
Mukden: "In memory of Arthur Frame 
Jackson, B. A., M. B., B. C, D. T. M., who 
came to Mukden to teach in this college, 
believing that by serving China he might 
best- serve God, who laid down his life in 
that service on January 25, 1911, aged 26, 
while striving to stay the advance of the 
pneumonic plague; the western half of this 
building is erected by Mrs. Jackson, his 
mother, and his excellency, Hsi Liang, Vice- 
roy of Manchuria." 

As an appreciation of Dr. Jackson's serv- 
ices during the plague, the Chinese ra : sed 
$10,000 and sent it to Scotland to his moth- 
er. But she, noble woman, desiring that 
the money should be spent in the cause for 
which her son gave his life, sent the full 
amount back to help in the erection of the 
new medical college. When Hsi Liang was 
informed what Dr. Jackson's mother had 
done he wept. Said he: " Oh, what a moth- 
er, and what a son! Put me down for an 
additional $9,000" (Mexican). Thus the 
west half of the college is built and the 
Chinese are paying the salary of one of the 
medical professors in the college. 

If you would become winners of men (1) renounce the hidden things of shame 
(2 Cor. 4: 2), and sanctify yourselves; (2) manifest the truth as it is in Christ; (3) com- 
mend yourselves to every man's conscience ;(4) live as in the sight of God. — Eddy. 

Monuments Along- the Way to the Ming' Tombs, China. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Scene by the Large Tub of Grain on Christmas Day. 
An old lady in the center had just received a pair of very good wadded trousers. 
The color was not correct for an old person, but she refused to exchange them for 
others. She hugged her newly acquired trousers as though she had found a friend. 


Margaret E. Sangster 

Lord God, Whom all the hosts of heaven 
with eager speed obey, 

Lord God, with Whom a thousand years 
are as a fleeting day, 

Thou sendest us another dawn. The gates 
of morning lift, 

With smiting flash of lightning and with 
rolling thunder drift, 

The ancient idols totter, and the age-long 
slumber breaks; 

The while, by pangs of travail rent, a na- 
tion newborn wakes. 

O Christ, Who once in' Galilee came walk- 
ing o'er the wave, 

Be strong to still the tumult, be swift to 
rule and save! 

Be with the man who leads the van, be 
with the hearts that cry 

In agony and weariness, for help from 
Thee, Most High! 

Beneath Thy banner of the cross, O 
. gracious Prince of Peace, 

Let China's teeming millions find from 
woe and war surcease. 

Let not the Christian peoples fall like 
wolves upon their prey; 

Forbid the shame that in Thy name may 
Mammon plot this day. 

May clouds of prayer like incense rise un- 
to the throne above! 

May many a contrite sacrifice be blest in 
Thy great love! 

Let deepest darkness flee before the 
cleansing light divine. 

O Sun that hath no setting, make haste! 
arise and shine. 

Forgive us for our little faith, O Man of 

Forgive us for our feeble doubts, O Lord 

of life and death! 
Thy glory floods the firmament, the earth 

is all aflame; 
The army of the living God is marching in 

Thy name. 
The midnight wanes, the morning comes, 

the shadows flee away; 
A newborn nation rises in the splendid 

East this day. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Esther E. Liequist. 

The Nyasaland Mission. 

THE joy of preaching the Gospel 
of Christ to those who hear it for 
the first time is rarely expe- 
rienced by the pastor or evangelist in 
this country. This joy falls to the lot 
of the missionary who explores those 
districts of Africa where the Christian 
messenger has never been. Such has 
been the recent experience of Rev. A. J. 
Liebenberg and Rev. A. G. Murray, of 
the Nyasaland Mission of Central Afri- 
ca. It was found necessary to visit the 
governor general at Tete, on account of 
Roman Catholic opposition, and so 
these missionaries made the journey, 
south of the stations in Nyasaland to 
Portuguese East Africa, covering a dis- 
tance of 1,000 miles. 

The journey by foot and on the backs 
of donkeys was filled with new and re- 
markable experiences, together - with 
many hardships. On one occasion they 
were without water for two days, ex- 
cept for some muddy, coffee-colored 
liquid, which they secured in small 
quantities by digging holes in the sand 
of a dried-up river. Afterwards they 
obtained plenty of good water on the 
Chiuta Mountain. There they also 
found a beautiful plantation, owned by 
a half-Portuguese, named Farnandi, 
where pineapples, oranges, bananas, 
lemons, and other fruits, besides veg- 
etables and rubber, are grown for ex- 

Mr. Liebenberg writes : " I have not, 
and neither has Dr. Andrew Murray, 
seen any place like this in all Central 
Africa. The view from here is simply 
beyond description." They are plan- 
ning to purchase this plantation, if pos- 
sible, and start a Central Mission Sta- 
tion in that district. 

He continues as follows : " This 
country has been in the hands of the 
Portuguese since 1632, and today, when 
I had services in this village of Chiuta, 
where Farnandi's cattle kraal is, this 
half-Portuguese said to me, T never 
heard a white man yet tell me about 
God.' He cannot read, and never heard 
the Gospel. 

" This whole country is in absolute 
darkness. We must do something ! If 
I remember rightly, Livingstone first 
visited Tete in 1856, and we are blam- 
ing the Portuguese for not doing any- 
thing for these thousands since 1856. 
What have we, as Protestants, done? 
Farnandi, a man of 70 years, first hears 
the Gospel June 14, 1914. May God 
stir the hearts of His people to really 
get awake." 

On this special journey, Mr. Lieben- 
berg and his men went 200 miles south 
of the Zambesi River. At Masauga his 
men were on the point of a strike on, 
account of so little food. Not one left 
him, however, and after they returned 
to his station at Benga, the men as- 
sured him that they would always go 
with him on his journeys. He adds: 
" I saw very strange things during these 
two months, and visited the villages of 
nearly 80,000 people. I preached to 
many every day along the road, and 
found that the Gospel had never been 
preached in any of the villages where 
we stayed at night. One thing that 
made my heart glad was that almost 
anywhere the people could understand 

The Nyasaland Mission began work 
on the shores of Lake Nyasa twenty- 
five years ago under the direction of 
the Dutch Reformed Church of South 
Africa, the only native church organiza- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tion of that great Continent. Dr. An- 
drew Murray, now 87 years old, was 
then the principal leader in the move- 
ment. There are today about 2,000 na- 
tive evangelists, laboring in 832 out-sta- 
tions, under the supervision of seventy- 
two European missionaries, in eighteen 
central stations. In order to enlarge the 
work and establish missions in the Por- 
tuguese territory, south of Nyasaland, 
the North American Council has been 

organized, with branches in Chicago and 
Toronto. This council is seeking to ob- 
tain friends who will help in prayer, as 
well as those who will go as mission- 
aries, and also those who will give to- 
ward the support of the work. Rev. 
A. W. Roffe, 274 Bathurst Street, To- 
ronto, Ont., is secretary-treasurer for 
Canada, and Rev. B. B. Sutcliffe, 153 
Institute Place, Chicago, is secretary- 
treasurer for the United States. 


Chas. W. Eisenbise. 

THERE is an old saying, that the 
darkest hour of the night is that 
just before the dawn. However 
that may be, as we look at the world 
situation, viewing the most awful car- 
nage ever known, and see ten or more 
nations, most of them professing to be 
Christian, with a battle line aggregat- 
ing six or seven hundred miles in 
length, engaged in human slaughter, 
it does seem a dark hour indeed. The 
heathen look in wonder and amazement 
and ask, " Is that what you call Chris- 
tianity?" It is an hour when "love 
your enemies " has become religiously 
theoretical with the masses, having no 
practical bearing on their lives ; an hour 
when mission stations are to be seen 
as deserted forts, the bearers of the 
cross having retreated; an hour when 
weaklings retire to the rear, but in 
which the brave-hearted gather 
strength for a mighty advance ; when 
true Christianity is called upon to vin- 
dicate the precepts and examples of 
the world's Redeemer, the Prince of 

Has the Christian Church ever been 
confronted with such a mighty chal- 
lenge to her faith? Never! Nor has 
she yet her greatest opponent, for only 
now is he arousing and stretching him- 

self for the conflict. We speak of the 
three hundred and twenty millions un- 
der the banner of Mohammed, the only 
force opposing the church which, like 
herself, is missionary in spirit. " Edu- 
cated Moslems are fully aware of the 
impending conflict between Christian- 
ity and Islam and of the issues at 
stake." The Comrade, of Calcutta, 
said in an editorial : " Of course there 
is no neutrality between the two — at 
least not between the Unity of Islam 
and the Trinity of the Nicene Creed. 
No Mussulman could, indeed, wish for 
neutrality. One or the other must 
conquer, and the Mussulman is sure 
in his mind which it is going to be." 
But Dr. S. M. Zwemer tells us, " There 
is a willingness, rather often an eager- 
ness, to investigate the claims of Je- 
sus Christ and His place in history, 
such as there never was before. The 
Moslems themselves are choosing the 
Bible as their battle-ground. . . . 
This is a new phase in the present sit- 
uation, and one full of promise. The 
Word of God is living and powerful ; 
it is a two-edged sword, and those who 
attempt to wrest it from Christian 
hands will only wound themselves." 

The hour has struck! With the 
ponderous door of the Moslem world 


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already ajar, the doors to all other 
mission fields will open more widely to 
the brave-hearted, loyal bearer of 
Good Tidings. Dear volunteer, are 
you going to be in line when the order 
comes to go forward. and "occupy till 
I come"? Never have you had the 
opportunity for such glorious achieve- 
ments for Jesus Christ! Although the 
ominous war clouds hang low, the Sun 
of Righteousness still shines, and His 
Word is sure and steadfast and will 
prevail. Are you where He wants you 
to be? Have you heard His call? It 
says : " Seek first the kingdom of heav- 
en," then, " Pray ye the Lord of the 
harvest," and lastly, " Go ye therefore 
and make disciples of all nations." 

What occupation or material recom- 
pense can compare with the holy joy 
of Christian service? None, absolutely 

none. Have you felt that joy? If not, 
you have yet to experience the richest 
ecstasy, the most sublime happiness 
possible to man. A coworker with 
God! You a coworker, me a coworker? 
Certainly. Brother, sister, don't sell 
your right to that inheritance for the 
gold that perishes. Don't exchange 
eternal verities for temporal vanities. 
The church's greatest opportunity will 
come in the wake of this nightmare of 
ignorance and spiritual depravity. Be- 
sides that, the devil will speak to you 
at every turn, promising that which he 
cannot give. May God give you grace 
to reply, " I know Him Whom I have 
believed, and I am persuaded that He 
is able to guard that which I have 
committed unto Him against that day." 

jjd 5\ Ho man Ave., Chicago, III. 


Louella R. Bolvard. 

Stud}- to shew thyself approved unto 
God, a workman that needeth not to be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth 
(2 Tim. 2: 15). 

I JOINED the Bible Memory and 
Devotional League Aug. 3, 1913. I 
thought I would try committing two 
verses per day, as it looked to me as if 
it would be no greater task to commit 
two verses than it would to commit one. 
I committed two verses per day for a 
week, and then decided to commit four 
verses on Sunday, and I have been com- 
mitting that way ever since. I have 
committed over twelve hundred verses, 
I am sure it has been a great blessing 
to me, and will be to all who join the 

The importance of committing God's 
Word can not be comprehended by one 
who has not tried it. How are we to 
know God's will unless we study His 
Word? Can we do any thing better? 
Surely not. How can we grow in 
Christlikeness when we know so little of 
His mind? The more we study and 
meditate upon His blessed Word the 
nearer we will get to our blessed Savior. 
I am sure Sunday-school teachers and 
scholars can do nothing better than 
commit God's Word. " Search the 
scriptures ; for in them ye think ye have 
eternal life : and they are they which 
testify of me" (John 5: 39). 

Kasson, U\ Va. 

Let us not go forth with the insufficient preparation of " quacks " to practice our 
Christian profession among men, but let us see that we have trained minds and skilled 

Practice, so that we may give the best we have to men in the service of Christ. — 


The Missionary Visitor 



Forest S. Eisenbise. 

Almost two thousand years have fled, 
And still the world is steeped in sin, 

Since Christ in Bethlehem made his bed; 
We can but think what might have been 

But for the lack; — where'er the word 
Of saving Gospel has been heard, 
Of Christian— CONSECRATION. 

We glory in the life of Paul — 
To that of Peter point with pride. 

We think upon the martyrs, all 

Who gave their lives since Christ has died. 

What gave them power to touch men's hearts 
And stop the fire of Satan's darts? 
The answer— CONSECRATION. 

The Gospel which those men proclaimed 
Was only Christ; — Him crucified. 

And sinners flocked with glad acclaim 
Unto the cross, where Jesus died. 

The reason for their wondrous power 
Was in the fact that, hour by hour, 
Their lives spelled— CONSECRATION. 

When Peter stood on Pentecost, 
Filled with the Spirit he did preach, 

And full three thousand sinners lost. 
Felt saving grace within their reach. 

If like results we would obtain, 

And snatch men out of sin and pain, 
We need like— CONSECRATION. 

When Stephen taught the Holy Word, 
His life was hid with Christ in God; 

His loins he with the truth did gird, 

His strength came from above the cloud. 

In token of the life he spent, 

One word might be his monument. 
And that is— CONSECRATION. 

Paul preached to kings upon the throne, 
And, though imprisoned, without fear 

He dared to stand for Christ, alone, 
Exhorting all who gave him ear. 

This noble life, this earnest soul, 
Had struggled right up to the goal 
Of complete— CONSECRATION. 

The way these saints had set to work 
Would soon have brought the kingdom in. 

Now what's the matter? Who's the shirk? 
Who checked the work that they begun? 

We must acknowledge as a fact, 

That somewhere there has been a lack 
Of earnest— CONSECRATION. 

So, Christian friends, to us has come 
The " Go ye into all the earth." 

And. dare we idly sit at home, 

Not counting what a soul is worth? 

Oh! let us look to God on high, 
And send to Him a prayer, a cry, 
"Fill us with— CONSECRATION." 

Too oft we pray, " Thy kingdom come," 
And keep our eyes fixed on the ground. 

Too oft we say, " Thy will be done," 
And close our ears unto the sound 

Of His divine command, " Go ye 

And bring the lost ones back to Me." 
Our need is— CONSECRATION. 

Oh! could we get a vision fair 
Of every sinner, saved by grace. 

Made fit to meet Christ in the air, 
And look his Savior in the face. 

Oh! could we realize the might 

That we can wield for God and right 
If we have— CONSECRATION. 

It's up to us to do our best, 
Just put the gospel armor on; 

And trust to God in every test, 
To guide us till the battle's won. 

He'll ne'er forsake His soldiers true — 
'Twill heaven mean, for me and you, 
If we live— CONSECRATION. 

Then let us labor as we pray, 

Improve the moments as they fly. 

Let us not lose a single day, 

But reach lost souls before they die. 

If we but seek to do His WILL, 
He WILL us with His Spirit fill— 

Let us resolve, where'er it be, 

Whate'er the land, whate'er the cost, 

That, though He call us o'er the sea, 
We'll preach the Word to all the lost. 

His promise is the same today, 

Who said, "Lo! I am with you alway," 
Ours to say— CONSECRATION. 

Our all unto Him we must render, 
Renounce all thought of self and fame; 

And unto Him our will surrender, 
And strive for glory to His name. 

Our zeal will never flag or tire, 
If we but keep aglow the fire 

NOW. one and all, resolve anew, 

To listen to His tender voice; 
And strive His holy will to do — 

Complete obedience be our choice. 
NOW, consecrate your heart and hand, 

Just NOW! completeness be your stand. 

"Unless Jesus Christ is Lord of all, He is not Lord at all." 
" It is the mission of the church to give the whole 'Gospel to the whole world." 
" We cannot serve God and mammon, but we can serve God with mammon." 
" This is a lost world to be saved, and not simply an ignorant world to be educated. 


The Missionary Visitor 



ff Joseph Amick was born in Mifflin County, Pa., Oct. 28, 1834. He 
lived in his native State until 1862, and then moved to White County, 
Ind., where, with his family he settled on a farm near Burnetts Creek. 
In 1881 he removed to Mt. Morris, 111., and in 1899 was active in locating 
the Publishing House at Elgin, 111. From his home in Elgin he moved 
on to the Father's mansions, on Jan. 4, 1915. 

fl He was married on Oct. 16, 1856, to Susanna Mertz. To them seven 
children were born, only two of whom lived to maturity and survive 
their father. In 1870 Sister Amick died, and in 1871 he was united in 
marriage to Sister Hannah Reiff. To them were born three daughters, 
all of whom are living. Sister Amick died April 17, 1914. 

fl Called to the ministry in 1863, and advanced to the eldership at an 
early date thereafter, he spent possibly twoscore of his best years, ac- 
tively engaged in that work. Of special service he was in times of death, 
and in a way all his own could comfort the brokenhearted, and offer 
sweet consolation to the sorrowing. 

fl For many years he was actively connected with our publishing inter- 
ests, taking hold of things when all was dark, and being largely instru- 
mental in placing that work on a good, solid financial basis. For years 
he was a member of the Board of Trustees of Mt. Morris College, being 
their financial man. Likewise he was one of the foremost in establishing 
the Old People's and Orphans' Home of Northern Illinois, at Mt. Morris, 
and was in charge of that institution for many years. 

fl He was a strong man, a born financier, one who had faith in the 
institutions of the Church of the Brethren, helped to lav their founda- 
tions broad and deep, and contributed much towards their ultimate suc- 

Fe \Z?? ry The Missionary Visitor 81 


Ah a Btyotk nf Glnrn m 3fta Brnztm 

If A few weeks ago we left our usual labors, bade farewell to our dear 
Brother Joseph Amick, and, following the little caravan that moved off to 
the city of the dead, laid him to rest in his bed beneath the snow. We 
wept not for one suddenly taken away while the blood pulsed warm, but 
for one whose sun had ascended the heavens, passed the zenith, and dis- 
appeared at the western horizon; for one whose fruitage had been gath- 
ered; for one who had often prayed that he might go to his Master in 

fl He went on in steadfast faith, to join the church triumphant. There 
is something worth while in meditating upon the life of one who em- 
braced the cause of the Master in young manhood, who spent his full 
years of vigor in the same interests, and at the last goes home exultant 
in the prospects of being with his God. Such a life furnishes something 
that earth can not. Thus is supplied life's inspiration for manly effort in 
the cause of the One Who gave Himself as a ransom for many. 

ff Our brother was an active factor in the educational and missionary 
renaissance of the Church of the Brethren. He had been in the storms, 
he had experienced the calm. He had watched by the cradle of expiring 
institutions when others despaired, and through patience and skill had 
helped to nurse them to health and vigor. He labored when most others 
refused; he encouraged when discouragement seemed the only prospect; 
he pushed when there were but few likewise inclined. 

If He was very instrumental in inaugurating the present Sunday- 
school movement among us, having written the query that passed our 
Conference. His connection with the publishing work of the church 
began when men were engaged at the task for neither praise nor salary; 
and that connection ceased only when the publishing interests of the 
Brotherhood were centralized and owned by the church. His relations 
with Mt. Morris College commenced when the plant was small; when 
money was even harder to get for educational work than it is now; when 
sympathy with education was at a premium, and when deficits were 
covered from the pockets of the few. His love for mercy was manifest 
in his fatherly devotion to the interests of the Orphans' and Old People's 
Home, located at Mt. Morris, now on a self-supporting basis. 

If We who come upon the scene today are neither aware of, nor do we 
appreciate the labors of those who championed the cause of a greater 
Church of the Brethren in those stormy " eighties," and who labored 
with courage, zeal, and faith for the realization of their ideal. We have 
all too unconsciously profited from their labors. And " Uncle Amick," 
who has now gone home, was a worthy member of that group of grand 
old men among us, whose hearts are ever young, and who are one by one 
entering in through the gates into the city. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pearl Grosh. 

TO each person comes, some time, 
the question, " How can I make 
the most of my life?" Answers 
differ, for no one ideal appeals to all as 
the best. To one person wealth is the 
highest ideal — his plan for making the 
most of himself is to get riches. To 
another fame seems to be the greatest 
thing. Still another keeps eyer before 
him the ideal of service for others. 
Doubtless you can think of some one 
who holds one of these as his ideal. 

A certain young man had as his am- 
bition the amassing of great wealth. He 
began life as a poor boy, but by his 
shrewdness and business ability he 
gained riches, until now he is a mil- 
lionaire. He has the finest house in the 
city, two automobiles, and owns the 
largest factory in the place. His name 
is known the world over where band 
instruments are used. He gained what 
he desired and accomplished what he 
set out to do. Did he make the most of 
his life? 

Another young man coveted fame, so 
he secured a good education and studied 
to be a lawyer. Now he is one of the 
best attorneys in his town. If anyone 
has the wrong side of a case, all he needs 
to do is to engage the services of this 
lawyer and then rest easy, for he will 
win. So confident of his ability are the 
people that when the county option is- 
sue was before the legislature of his 
State, the liquor men sent him to fight 
it. So great was bis eloquence, and so 
strong his persuasive powers that he 
succeeded in defeating local option. He 
has gained fame, for he is talked about 

more than any lawyer in his town. Did 
he make the most of his life? 

A young woman desired to go as a 
foreign missionary. She was in school 
preparing for her chosen work, when 
her health gave way. She was com- 
pelled to abandon her studies. What do 
you suppose she did? Do you think she 
said, " God did not allow me to take up 
the work I wanted to, so I will not do 
anything " ? Instead, she looked about 
her to see what she could do at home. 
There, at her very door, lay the oppor- 
tunity for which she was searching. In 
her city were fifteen or twenty Chinese 
who could read no English. She gath- 
ered them into a class, which met in the 
church each Sunday afternoon, to learn 
to read English from the Bible. At the 
same time they were taught truths con- 
cerning the Christian life. As a result 
three have confessed Christ and been 
baptized, and the others are learning 
the right way: Do you think this young 
woman did right? Did she make the 
most of her life? 

And now comes the question to each 
of us : " Am I making the most of my 
life ? " Are you using the talents God has 
given you? Do you grasp the oppor- 
tunities for service as they come? 
May not God be calling you to greater 
service? May he not be inviting you 
even to the foreign mission field? If 
you refuse, how can you say, " I am 
making the most of my life " ? " Wheth- 
er therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatso- 
ever ye do, do all to the glory of God." 

No. Manchester, Ind. 

Ought we not to believe that if we only are God-sent men and God-sent women 
going to serve Him and not to please ourselves — going to follow His guidance and to 
do His work, He is sure to sustain us? — The late Hudson Taylor. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Virgie McVoy. 

WHAT is God's gift to us? 
" God so loved the world that 
He gave His only begotten 
Son, that whosoever believeth on Him 
should not perish, but have everlasting 
life." God's only begotten Son, Jesus, 
was the greatest Gift the world ever re- 

For this great Gift that He has given 
us, what are we doing in return? Shall 
we give God only what we do not need 
or what we do not want ourselves? 
Paul says, "'I beseech you therefore, 
brethren, by the mercies of God, to pre- 
sent your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, 
acceptable to God, which is your 
spiritual service." 

Living sacrifice carries with it the 
idea of action, and that is what God ex- 
pects of His children — to be active in 
all good works. Wherever He may call 
us to go, whatever He may want us to 
do, we should be willing to give our 
whole service to it. And may we never 
stifle the cry within us that calls us to 
a greater field of service. 

Some say, " I have no call to serv- 
ice." What more call should we want 
than " Go ye into all the world and 
preach the gospel to every creature " ? 
This commission certainly includes 
everyone ; and when we as Christians 
realize how many unsaved people there 
are, we will be willing to cry out, 
" Here am I, Lord, send me." 

Others say, " Well, I don't know ; 
maybe the Lord wants me to work and 
make money to send some one else." 
Was there ever a dearth of money- 
makers? I am sure all will agree with 
me that there are more money-makers 
than missionaries. The most effectual 
way to increase our missionary work is 

to get ourselves full of the love of God. 
Then all our service, whether it be in 
giving our money or in giving ourselves, 
will be a glory to God. 

Still others say, " Well, I am doing 
my share now." With God there is no 
such thing as shares. Abundant reward 
is sure to come to the willing worker. 
So we should be active where we are, 
and, if God calls us to a wider field of 
usefulness, may we be willing to re- 
spond. If we can get our home church- 
es stirred up to the many needs of the 
foreign field, there will soon be enough 
workers to carry the Gospel to every 

" More workers for Christ are needed to- 
Oh, who will respond to the call? 
The harvest is white, then do not delay, 
For the night will come to us all. 

More workers for Christ is what the world 

Not seekers for fame or for gold; 
But men, who will prove their faith by their 

And bring lost ones into the fold." 

Bridgewater, Va. 


Christ often spent a whole night in 
prayer. Do I need more or less? 

When praying for the Lord of the 
harvest to send forth laborers into His 
harvest, why not pray for Him to send 

Have I had a definite call to stay in 
the homeland? If not, does the Lord 
want me here? 

Which do I ask each morning: " Self, 
what can I do for you today?" or, 
" God, what can I do for Thee today? " 

Is my will better than God's? Am I 
following mine or His? Does He need 
me in His service? Am I a Volunteer? 

In reviewing my past life, which 
have been the happiest days, those 
yielded to self or those to God? 


The Missionary Visitor 


Which is the more important, my 
physical or my spiritual body? Which 
is receiving the more attention? 

Are people led to think of Christ 
when in my presence? If not, am I a 
true witness? 

Have I sacrificed as much for Christ 
as I have for money or for honor? 

Am I enjoying the peace the Father 
meant for me? If not, why not? 

Is my heart open to the Spirit's guid- 
ance to go anywhere, at any time, what- 
ever the cost? 

Has God ever failed to keep His 
promises to me? 

As I daily receive new light, do I 
count it sin if I do not accept it? 


Lillian Manahan. 

" I beseech you therefore, brethren, by 
the mercies of God, to present your bodies 
a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, 
which is your spiritual service." 

JESUS CHRIST, our loving Lord 
and Master, stands before each of 
Us today. He stretches forth His 
hands, which were pierced with cruel 
nails for you and me. He points to the 
wound of the spear in His side. He 
shows us the scars on His forehead, 
made by the crown of thorns, and says, 
tenderly and yet most earnestly, " My 
child, behold My mercies to you. I 
have saved you from the guilt of sin ; 
I brought you from death unto life ; I 
gave you My Holy Spirit ; some day I 
will glorify your body and will make 
you to sit down with Me on My throne. 
My child, by My mercies, I beseech 
you." You say, " Lord, what do You 
want from me? " And He answers, " I 
want you yourself. I want you for My 
kingdom and My service. I beseech 
you, by My mercies to you, give your 
life to Me." 

Dr. Li, that devoted Chinese Chris- 
tian, who shook China by his life of 

prayer, was asked to define the word 
" consecration." This was his reply : 

" I was riding through the streets of 
Shanghai the other day in a rickshaw. 
It was just after the mail boxes had 
been put up. They were new to the 
Chinese coolies, and the laborers did not 
understand what a mail box was. The 
coolie who was pulling my rickshaw 
knew me, and he turned to me and said : 
' Doctor, I have a letter here ; where 
can I mail it? ' 

" ' Put it over there in the box,' I 

" The coolie let down the shafts of 
the rickshaw, went over and stood in 
front of the box, and looked hard at it. 

" ' But, doctor,' he said, ' the box is 
dead. My letter won't go if I put it in 

" Impatient to go on, I said, ' Put 
your letter in.' 

" He put the letter halfway into the 
box, but held fast to the half that was 

" ' Alas ! ' said I, ' that is the way 
most of us are in the kingdom of God. 
We are half in and half out, and we 
hold fast to the half that is out ! '" 

The doctor repeated, " Put it clear 
into the box." 

The coolie put the letter in farther, 
keeping hold of the corner of the en- 

" Song Sheo," said the doctor ; " cut 
loose ! Let go of the corner of that en- 

The coolie turned and looked at the 
doctor. " Oh, no! " said he. " If I let 
go of the corner of that, I might lose 
my postage stamp ! " So he took the 
letter out. 

Brethren and sisters, what is the mat- 
ter with your life and mine? Are we 
afraid we shall lose a postage stamp? 
Are we not willing to cut loose for God ? 
Give your life to God, and God will fill 
your life with His own fullness. If you 
give your life to Him will He wreck 


The Missionary Visitor 


your plans, wreck your life, rob your 
life, despoil your life? Nay, God will 
give you back your life, enriched and 
glorified — a life in trust for Jesus 
Christ as never before. Give your life 
to God, and God will use your life. 
O fellow-student, the life which Jesus. 
is beseeching of you lies before you in 
all its splendor; full of possibilities for 
the future ! To give it to Jesus seems 
like casting it away ? No, indeed. When 
you yield your life to Him it is not lost. 
There reaches out a hand — a blood- 
stained hand, a pierced hand — and it 
takes your life and mine and draws it 
down into the sea of God's great plan 
and purpose, and makes it a weapon in 
Jesus' hands for the glory of His king- 
dom. Oh, give your life to God, and 
however humble, however obscure, 
however insignificant it may seem to 
you, God will surely use it for His 

" When I survey the wondrous cross 
On which the Prince of Glory died; 
My richest gain I count but loss, 
And pour contempt on all my pride. 

Where the whole realm of nature mine, 
That were a present far too small; 

Love so amazing, so divine, 
Demands my soul, my life, my all." 

We are volunteers, but have we made 
a complete surrender? Have you and I 

let go of the " postage stamp " ? Can 
we look into our Master's face and say, 
with all our hearts, " My Master, as 
Thou wilt, where Thou wilt, not my 
will but Thine be done " ? Is Jesus 
Christ Lord and Master of your life? 
Jesus establishes His Lordship over the 
human heart by dwelling in it. He lives 
in us. His great thought is to live in 
you and me until at last we can say,' 
from our own religious experience, " It 
is po longer I that live, but Christ that 
liveth in me." It is that dwelling of 
Christ in the human heart, that actual 
life lived through us, taking our person- 
alities, our unique personalities, and 
transforming them into Christ-person- 
ality by His indwelling, that represents 
the supreme Lordship of Christ in hu- 
man lives, in the human heart. Oh, the 
unspeakable blessing of a personal fel- 
lowship with Christ! 

O fellow-students, brethren, and sis- 
ters, how many of you will let go of 
the corner of the envelope for God? 
Not asking the way, asking only that the 
stamp of the crucified Christ shall be 
upon your life, that you shall be His, 
that in America, or in any land where 
you may go, your life shall be spent 
entirely for Him? Face the decision. 
God help you in it ! 

3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago. 


GOD — The greatest Lover. 

SO LOVED — The greatest degree. 

THE WORLD — The greatest company. 

THAT HE GAVE— The greatest act. 

HIS ONLY BEGOTTEN SON— The greatest Gift. 

THAT WHOSOEVER— The greatest opportunity. 

BELIEVETH — The greatest simplicity. 

IN" HIM — The greatest attraction. 

SHOULD NOT PERISH— The greatest promise. 

'BUT — The greatest difference. 

HAVE — The greatest certainty. 

EVERLASTING LIFE — The greatest possession. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Note. — Under this caption we shall endeav- 
or to supply, month by month, illustrations of 
a missionary and devotional nature. — Ed. 


"The Jesus doctrine is good, but it is not 
for me." So thought the fortune teller, as 
he wandered through the streets of a Chi- 
nese city, beating his small gong to call at- 
tention to the fact that he was willing for a 
small fee to tell any one's fortune. 

How could he become a Christian? Was 
he not making his living by a means which 
the Christian religion called cheating? Was 
he not a slave to the opium habit? Yes — 
the religion of the "foreign devil" was a 
far higher one than any Chinese religion. 

Such were his thoughts as- he beat his 
little gong. But soon his wife was induced 
to listen to the lady missionaries and began 
to see the error of her ways. 

The fortune teller himself determined to 
break away from opium. So he came to 
the mission hospital. After unsuccessful ef- 
forts he became conscious of his own weak- 
ness and threw himself on Christ. The 
wife has been baptized. The fortune teller 
is witnessing for Christ. 

Already he has been the means of re- 
claiming thirteen men from the curse of 

As he goes along the streets of his city 
he cries, " You all know me. I have often 
cheated you out of your money with lies — 
for no man is able to tell fortunes. You 
paid for falsehood, now listen to me while I 
tell you the truth for nothing." — Mercy and 

Si Si 


"The sending of missionaries into our 
Eastern possessions is the maddest, most 
expensive, most unwarranted project that 
was ever proposed by a lunatic enthusiast," 
was what the British East India Company 
said at the beginning at the nineteenth cen- 

" In my judgment Christian missionaries 
have done more lasting good to the people 
of India than all other agencies combined," 
was what the English Lieutenant-governor 
of Bengal said at the close of the nineteenth 


[ asked, O Lord, that I might be 
A plane, a chisel, in Thy hand; 

But now, in penitence, I see 
Such prayer for me was far too grand, 

[ simply ask that I may lie 
As on Thy bench, the favored wood; 

Thyself the sawj the chisel ply, 

And work me into something good. 


Let us measure our duty in giving. What 
shall be the measuring rt)d? 

1. Your capacity. " She hath done what 
she could." 

2. Opportunity. "As we have therefore 
opportunity, let us do good unto all men." 

3. Your convictions. " That servant which 
knew his lord's will and prepared not him- 
self, neither did according to his will, shall 
be beaten with many stripes." 

4. The necessity of others. " If a brother 
or sister be naked or destitute of daily 
food," etc. 

5. The providence of God. " Let every 
man lay by him in store as God hath pros- 
pered him." 

6. Symmetry of character. "Abound in 
this grace also." 

7. Your own happiness. " It is more 
Dlessed to give than to receive." 

8. God's glory. " Honor God with your 
substance." — The Watchman. 

John Chalmers, the martyr missionary of 
New Guinea, said: "Recalling the twenty- 
one years of my missionary life, give me 
its shipwrecks, give me its standing in the 
face of death, give it me surrounded with 
savages with spears and clubs, give it me 
back with spears and clubs flying about me, 
with the club knocking me to the ground — 
give it me back and I will still be your 
missionary." The word sacrifice should 
never be used in Christ's service. The in- 
evitable result .of full consecration is bless- 


Dressed in his crawling mass of dirty 
rags, with his bleeding feet leaving a red 
trail, his stumps of hands and distorted 
features, the leper begs from town to town. 
It was a great pleasure to hold a service in 
the leper asylum. They really hungered 
and thirsted after righteousness. I was 
hardly prepared for the great change in 
those I had known as beggars, as repulsive 
as possible. Now all clean; in clean white 
clothes, with hair brushed, the old beggar 
expression gone and happiness and intense 
eagerness in its place. Ail were present 
who were well enough, and all were orderly 
and followed the service carefully, singing 
with gusto. Their faith is invigorating to 
see. I was glad to learn from the leper. — 
Missionary Survey. 


The Missionary Visitor 



An African negro, ten years of age, went 
to hear the preaching of one of the mis- 
sionaries, and became a convert to the 
Christian religion. His master hearing of 
it commanded him never to go again, and 
declared he would have him whipped to 
death if he did. He could scarcely refrain 
from going, yet he knew his death was in- 
evitable if he did. In this critical situation 
he sought direction at the Throne of Grace, 
and having done this he felt that attend- 
ance was still his duty. He went, and on 
his . return was summoned to his master's 
presence, and received twenty-five lashes, 
and then his master exclaimed, " What can 
Jesus Christ do for you now?" "He en- 
ables me to bear it patiently," said the poor 
child. " Give him twenty-five lashes more," 
said the inhuman wretch. "And what can 
Christ do for you now?" said the. unfeeling 
monster. " He helps me to look forward to 
a future reward," replied the little sufferer. 
■ Give him twenty-five lashes more," vocif- 
erated the cruel tyrant in a rage. This was 
done, and while he listened with savage de- 
light to the extorted groans of his dying 
victim, he again demanded, " What can 
Jesus Christ do for you now?" The youth- 
ful martyr, with the last effort of expiring 
nature, meekly answered, " He enables me 
to pray for you, massa," and instantly 
breathed his last. — Exchange. 

Christ's countrymen said: "Only the car- 
penter's Son." 

The chief priests and scribes said: "Away 
with this Man." 

The multitude called Him " a gluttonous 
Man and a Winebibber." 

Judas admitted that he had " betrayed in- 
nocent blood." 

The centurion testified that He was "a 
righteous Man." 

Pilate called Him a "just Person," and 
found " no fault in Him." 

Pilate's wife also said He was " a just 

Herod found in Him " nothing worthy of 

The thief declared: " He hath done noth- 
ing amiss." - 

But Peter said: "Thou art the Christ, 
the Son of the living God," while Thomas 
exclaimed: "My Lord and my God." 

" Let the redeemed of the Lord say so." 
Say what? " My Lord and my God." 


. Baron von Welz, who renounced his title 
and estates, and went as a missionary to 
Dutch Guiana, where he filled a lonely 
grave, said as he gave up his title: "What 
to me is the title 'well-born,' when I am 
born^ again in Christ? What to me is the 
title ' lord,' when I desire to be a servant of 

Christ? What is it to me to be called ' your 
grace,' when I have need of God's grace, 
help, and succor? All these vanities I will 
away with, and all else I will lay at the 
feet of Tesus, my dearest Lord, that I mav 
have no hindrance in serving Him aright." 

2 COR. 2: 14. 

Is the victory yours? 

When you are forgotten or neglected, 
or purposely set at naught, and you smile 
inwardly, glorying in the insult or the over- 
sight, because thereby counted worthy to 
suffer with Christ — the victory is yours. 

When your good is evil spoken of, when 
your wishes are crossed and your plans are 
set at naught, your tastes offended, your 
advice disregarded, your opinions ridiculed, 
and you take it all in patient, loving silence 
— the victory is yours. 

When you are content with any food, any 
raiment, any climate, any society, any soli- 
tude, any interruption by the will of God — 
the victory is yours. 

When you can lovingly and patiently deal 
with any disorder, any irregularity, any an- 
noyance — the victory is yours. 

When you never care to refer to yourself 
in conversation, or to record your own good 
works, or to itch after commendation, when 
you can truly love to be unknown — the vic- 
tory is yours. 

When you can stand face to face with 
waste, folly, extravagance, spiritual insensi- 
bility, and endure it as Jesus endured it — - 
the victory is yours. 

When, like Paul, you can throw ALL 
your sufferings on Jesus, thus converting it 
into a means of knowing His overcoming 
grace; and can say from a surrendered 
heart, " most gladly " therefore, do " I take 
pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in ne- 
cessities, in persecutions, in distresses, for 
Christ's sake " — the victory is yours. 

To love equally as much the grace that 
comes through being " instructed how to be 
hungry " and to suffer, as you love the faith 
required to know how to be " full " and to 
abound in health — the victory is yours. 

When death and life are both alike to you, 
through Christ, and to do His perfect will 
you delight not more in one than the other, 
because through Him you may become able 
to say, " Christ shall be magnified in my 
body, whether it be by life, or by death " — 
the victory is yours. 

To put on the Lord Jesus Christ (Rom. 
13: 14), and thereby triumph over one's self 
— a perfect victory is yours. 

All this can be done, too, for " in all these 
things we are more than conquerors 
through Him That loved us " (Rom. 8: 37). 

The Missionary Visitor 




Somebody said that it couldn't be done, 
But he, with a chuckle, replied, 

That " maybe it couldn't " but he would 
be one 
Who wouldn't say so till he tried. 

So he buckled right in, with a trace of a 

On his face. If he worried he hid it. 
He started to sing as he tackled the thing 

That couldn't be done — and he did it. 

Somebody scoffed: " Oh, you'll never do 
At least, no one ever has done it." 
But he took off his coat, and he took off 
his hat, 
And the first thing we knew he'd begun 
With the lift of his chin, and a bit of a 
Without any doubting or quiddit, 
He started to sing as he tackled the thing 
That couldn't be done — and he did it. 

There are thousands to tell you it can not 
be done; 
There are thousands to prophesy failure; 
There are thousands to point out to you 
one by one, 
The dangers that wait to assail you. 

But just buckle in with a bit of a grin, 

Then take off your coat and go to it; 
Just start in to sing as you tackle the 
That " can not be 'done " — and you'll 
do it. 

— Selected. 


Here is our baby, warm and sweet 

Within her cradle bed; 
One dimpled arm is thrown above 

The precious curly head. 
All dainty white her raiment is, 

The finest and the best, 
Sing, softly sing a lullaby 

While baby takes her rest. 

In forest home so desolate 

An Indian babe we see; 
'Tis bound upon a birchen board. 

Which swings from stately tree. 

Poor little Indian papoose! 

It cannot kick or crawl, 
And only when " the bough breaks " can 

This baby get a fall. 

And what in South America 

Holds baby in his sleep? 
Palm leaves, which grow so broad and strong, 

Make cradles snug and deep, 
And when the small Peruvian 
. His cradle has undone, 
Mama "turns over a new leaf" 

And makes another one. 

The baby boy in Africa — 

That land so large and warm — ■ 
In leather pouch on mother's back 

Sleeps well; secure from harm; 
And when she's weary, in the sand 

She tucks her little man; 
For, though the sun upon him shines 

She's^not afraid he'll tan! 

In India, land of spreading palms, 

The small brown babe is swung 
In tiny hammocks made of cloth, 

'Neath some rude shelter hung; 
In jewels fine the child is dressed — 

She needs but scanty clothes — 
But rings and bracelets load her arms, 

And rings and bells her toes. 

The Chinese baby lies upon 

A heated kang or bed; 
When very warm it shows they love 

Celestials small, 'tis said; 
" Oy! Oy! Oy! Oy nue yat tin, 

Fa meh taai! " mother croons; 
The almond eyes in slumber close 

To such bewitching tunes. 

Japan is " children's paradise," 

So baby takes his ease 
Upon mama's or sister's back; 

As gracious as you please, 
The little girls run and jump — 

He nods a sweet assent, 
And if he ever cries, be sure 

It is an accident! 

So, everywhere the babies find 

Soft cradles where they grow; 
And everywhere the mother love 

Some lullaby sings low; 
And everywhere these little ones 

Are* lambs of God's own flock; 
So by-lo-by; sweet baby mine, 

Sleep well, rock, cradle, rock! 

— Tidings. 


The Missionary Visitor 



If all the babies who were born during 
the year 1914 were placed in a line in 
cradles, the cradles would reach around the 
world. About 36,000,000 babies are born 
each year. That is more than one for every 
tick of the clock. 

If a procession should start just as the 
year 1915 comes in, and the babies of 1914, 
were to be carried, in their mothers' arms, 
or on their mothers' back, past a given point' 
twenty going by each minute, 1,200 each 
hour during the entire year, only one-sixth 
of the year's babies would have passed be- 
fore the bells rang for the New Year in 

The babies that had to be carried when 
the march began would, by the time the 
last of the procession had passed, be romp- 
ing six-year-olds. 

Where are they? all these babies of the 
world? In that procession how many of 
them would be in the arms of Christian 

In what homes are all these cradles rock- 
ing? How many of the dear little babies 
are hearing the story of the " little Lord 
Jesus, asleep on the hay"? Some one has 
estimated that, counting five persons to each 
family in the world, the cradles are rock- 
ing as follows: 

Hindu, 43,617,384 

Buddhist, 27,587,000 

Confucian 58,363,200 

Mohammedan, 43,400,000 

Lagan, 31,413,900 

Jewish, 2,200,000 

Roman Catholic, 54,600,000 

Lrotestant, 33,200,000 

Others, 32,081,900 

Think of how many millions of the babies 
of the world are growing up without hear- 
ing of the Savior, Who took the children in 
His arms and blessed them! — Tidings. 


I formed what we called a police force 
and fire brigade in Inyati, says a mission- 
ary from Matabeleland, and it was for the 
purpose of assisting in the cleansing of the 
children. Some of these children are sel- 
dom washed. I asked one boy when he 
was last washed, and he said it was so long 
ago that he had forgotten. I also asked a 
girl, and she said it was seven months ago. 
I asked her how it came about, and she said 
she was on her way home from school, and 
was caught in the rain. We said we would 
give the children a present if they would 
come to a certain place the next morning, 
where we had erected a large pump. Some 
seventy children arrived, and while the 
members of the "police force" kept the 
children from running away, the " fire bri- 
gade," or, better, perhaps, the " washing 
brigade," brought the children in threes be- 
neath the pump. They looked up into the 
pump, and at a given word the water 
poured out. Then the " brigade " began 

Barbara Catherine Arnold, Anklesvar, 

Born November 21, 1914. Drs. Cottrell 
hold the scales. 

Miss Frances Elizabeth Holsopple, 
Bulsar, India. 
Born November 23, 1914. In her 
mother's arms. 


The Missionary Visitor 


rubbing and scrubbing and polishing. When 
we went for them the next day to wash 
them, we found they had washed them- 
selves. — All Nations. 


A little boy was born in the home of 
one of the government sepoys at 
Ahwa. The father was very happy, as 
were others with him. But the igno- 
rant midwife caused the death of the 
mother, and in less than an hour after 
the birth of the little boy the mother's 
eyes were closed from him forever. 
"What shall I do with my little boy, 
now that his mother is gone?" was the 
question which greatlv concerned the 
father. For eight or ten days he had 
the little babe fed on cow's milk by 
having it poured slowly upon a rag 
which the babe sucked. This rag be- 
came filthy and sour, but what did the 
poor, ignorant woman who did the 
feeding know about this or its effect 
on the frail little babe? The child was 
growing weaker each day, evx:n though 
fed all the milk it seemed to want. 

In distress the father came to us, 
and after prayer and a careful consid- 
eration of what it would mean to care 
r or the little one we told the father we 
would take his child and try to save it 
for a life of usefulness. The babe is 
still living and is being cared for by 
one of our Indian sisters. She does 
not have, so cannot manifest the love 
for the babe that the mother would. 
The babe has never been healthy, but 
we hope he may live and become a 
'useful man in God's service. — /. M. 


N China it is the fashion to name ba- 
bies after any circumstance or thing. 
For instance, if a child were born 


during a snowstorm, or during a fair, it 
might be called " Snow Cow," or " Fair 
Cow." Or, again, if the river over- 
flows its banks, and floods the country, 
a child born at that time is liable to be 
called " Water Cow." On our way to 
the hospital, daily, we pass between two 
houses with the front doors opposite 
each other. A baby having been born 
in No. 1 house they called it " Cat Cow. ,r 
Shortly afterward a baby was born in 
No. 2 house, opposite, and for fear of 
the spirit of the cat baby, they called 
this one " Dog Cow." By and by an- 
other baby arrived at No. 1 house, and 
so that it would not be afraid of the 
dog, they called it " Tiger Cow " ; but 
in the course of human events, a second 
child came to No. 2 house, and they 
named it " Rifle Cow," so that it could 
kill the tiger. The last arrival is at No. 
1 house, and, reasoning on the same 
principles, they have, for obvious rea- 
sons, called it " Sledgehammer Cow." 
We -know of one family of five girls, 
and when the first girl was born they 
said, " We would rather have a son, so 
we'll call this one ' Hwan Niu ' " 
("Change Cow"). When the second 
girl was born, however, she was so pret- 
ty that they could not refrain from call- 
ing her " Kwei Niu " (" Pearl Cow ") ; 
but when the third girl was added to the 
familv they said, " Girls galore," and 
called her "Yu Niu" ("Many 
Cows"). Still another, a fourth 
daughter, came, and they said : " The 
house is filled up with girls," so they 
called her " Chu Niu" ("Full Cow"). 
When, however, the fifth and last 
daughter arrived, they were angry, and 
said : " We have had enough," and so 
they named her " Kou Niu " (" Enough 
Cows"). — W. Malcolm, in the Mission- 
ary Review. 

The only power that money has is found not by hoarding, but when it is poured} 
out and set free to do God's bidding. — S. M. Zwemer. 


The Missionary Visitor 91 

Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 

i ren Dollars for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 



I also give, bequeath, and devise to the General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns, forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 


In the October Visitor the $5 credited to 
Mohawk Valley Aid Society for China Boys' 
School should appear under China Girls' 
School. Transfer has been made. 

In the Mirror and Reflector which appears 
in the December Visitor the membership of 
Middlefork congregation, Southern Indiana, 
should be 190 instead of 290. Account of this 
has been taken and correction made. 

During the month of December the General 
Mission Board sent out 136,870 pages of 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following do- 
nations during the month of December: 

Illinois — $644.64. » 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Franklin Grove, $97.50; Shannon, 
$60.70; Mt. Morris, $51.36; Milledge- 
ville, $19.25; Elgin, $10.48; Yellow 

Creek, $10.25; Lanark, $64.18, $ 313 72 


Lanark 95 42 


Samuel and Lizzie Studebaker, 
Pearl City, per D. E. Hillsamer, $136; 
Mr. and Mrs. Galen B. Rover, $4.50; 
Elias Weigle, $5; Levi S. Shively, $5; 
David W. Barkman, $1.50; Mary C. 
Fisher, $5; Belle "Whitmer, $1; John 
C. Lampin, $5; Wm. H. Lampin, $5; 
Philip H. Graybill, $1.20; Collin Pu- 
terbaugh, $5; "Wm. R. Bratten, $5; 
Wm. Wingerd, $12; O. D. Buck (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; J. E. Miller 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 192 20 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Woodland, $24; Oakley, $10.80, . . 34 80 


Elizabeth Henricks, $5; Benj. Bow- 
man, $2.50; A. S. Brownfield, $1, 8 50 

Indiana — $61 6.38. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Shipshewana, $12.70; English 
Prairie, $12.16; Elkhart-West Gosh- 
en, $22.55; Yellow Creek, $13.30; 
Nappanee, $32.11; Bethanv, $21.85; 
Maple Grove, $8; Pine Creek, $19.50; 
Rock Run, $13.86; Turkey Creek, 
$8.50 164 53 


Rock Run, $ 30 86 

Aid Society. 

English Prairie, 5 00 


A Brother, $2 00; Thomas Cripe, 
$25; Levi Zumbrun, $12; Mary 
E. Early, $5; Annetta Johnson, 
$2.50; Daniel B. Hartman, North 
Liberty, $2; Kathrine Kannels, 
$1.50; Enos W. Bowers, $1; I. L. 
Berkey, Goshen, $1; Samuel E. 
Good, North Liberty, $1; Mrs. S. 
. E. Kalter, S. Bend, 50 cents; Mary E. 

Hitchcock, 35 cents, 251 85 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Spring Creek, $20; Loon Creek, $14, 34 00 


Loon Creek, $13; Burnetts Creek, 

$8.31 , 21 31 


C. C. Miller, $5; Elizabeth Metz- 
ger, $1; John W. Hoover, $1.25; 
Daniel Karn, $2.50; Andrew Fouts, 
$1; James Himelick, $1.33; Odis P. 
Clingenpeel, $2; Walter Balsbaugh, 
$2.50; J. D. Rife, $1.20; James K. 
Cline, $6; Elizabeth Jones, 70 cents; 
A Brother, $8.25; J. W. McClurg, Loon 
Creek, 5 cents; C. C. Kindy (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; Wm. F. Neal, 
50 cents; A. C. Young (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; W. S. Ewing, $10.50, 45 23 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Nettle Creek .." 38 10 


A Brother, $12; Luther Petry, $5; 
Myrtie Foust, $2; Harry A. Smeltzer, 
$1.50; A "Shut-in" Sister, $1; Frank- 
lin Johnson, $1; F. E. McCune (mar- 
riage notice), 5 cents; Henry Acker, 
50 cents; Levi S. Dilling, $1; Amanda 

Widows, $1, 25 50 

Pennsylvania— $485.24. 

"Western District, Congregations. 

Summit Mills, $21.29; Shade Creek, 
$23.89; Jacobs Creek, $10; Summit, 

$3.72 58 90 


A Brother and Sister. Shade 
Creek, $30; Miss Clare "Wolford, $4; 
G. K. "Walker (marriage notice), 50 
cents; N. H. Blough (marriage no- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tice), 50 cents; Joel Gnagey, $3.50; 
H. F. Burkeypile, 5 cents; H. L. 
Griffith, $8; Linda Griffith, $5; Sam- 
uel C. Johnson, $35; Sarah A. John- 
son, $1; Wm. H. Koontz, $5; Herman 

Rummel, Quemahoning, $5, I 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Riddlesburg, $10; Carson Valley, 

$7.10; Spring Run, $3.56, 


O. P. Hoover, Huntingdon, $6; John 
R. Stayer, $3; Geo. S. Myers, $1; 
Marietta Brown, $3; Samuel R. Sny- 
der, $3; Aaron Teeter, $2; Mrs. Han- 
nah Puderbaugh, $2, 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Indian Creek, 


Abram Fackler, $5; Sallie Wingard, 
$3; A. M. Kuhns, Big Swatara, $3; A 
Brother, $1.20; John R. Erb, 70 cents; 
David Hochstedler (marriage no- 
tices), $1, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Codorus, $42; Pleasant Hill, $28.50; 
"Upper Conewago, $16.71; Upper Cum- 
berland, $8.73, 


Marv C. G. Sprenkel, $5 0; John F. 
Sprenkel, Jr., $20; D. E. Brown, $10; 
Julia K. Sprenkel, $1; Edw. E. Spren- 
kel, $1; Charlotte E. Sprenkel, $1; A 
Sister, Ridge Congregation, $1; J. J. 
Oiler, $30; H. J. Shallenbarger, $5; 
G. W. Harlacher, $1.50; Chas. C. 
Brown, $10; Sarah A. Baker. $2; J. H. 
Keller (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
Lucy Keigly, $1; Mrs. B. F. Horn- 

berger, 15 cents, 

"West Virginia — -$422.28. 
First District, Congregations. 

Maple Spring, German Settlement, 
$220; Glade View, German Settlement, 
$23; Brookside, German Settlement, 
$8; Accident, German Settlement, 
$24.25; Harman, $65.91; Chestnut 
Grove. $22.67; Sandy Creek, $22.30, .. 



Jos. Rembold, German Settlement, 
Maple Spring, $25; B. F. Wratchford, 
German Settlement, $5; R. E. Reed, 


Second District, Individual. 

J. F. Ross 

Ohio — $282.04. 

Northwestern Ohio. Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $35.72; Silver Creek, 
$30.56; North Poplar Ridge, $15.11; 
Baker, $14; Lick Creek, $10; Belle- 

fontaine. $2.60, 


Maumee, $6.15; Wyandot, $5, 


Jos. Kavlor, $10; Lydia Dickey, 
$1.5 0; Sophia Huber, $2.30; Geo. W. 
Eavey, Lima, $1; David Byerly (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; David Lytle 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

East Nimishillen, $22; Wooster, 
$19.71; Mt. Zion, $13.03; Black River, 
$12.50; Freeburg, $10; Chippewa, 
$5.S5: Ashland, Dickey, $3.86; Lou- 

donville, $1.40 


Flat Run, Danville 


Rachel Frick. $5; John Dupler, 
$1.20; Marv A. Shroyer, $3; Sarah A. 

Dupler, $5.38; Clara "Woods, $1 

Southern District, Congregation . 


Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 
Basket. "West Dayton 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 



D. S. Filbrun, $3.60; Eli Niswonger, 

98 00 
20 66 

20 00 
43 69 

13 90 

95 94 

134 15 

386 13 
2 00 

32 00 
2 15 

107 99 
11 15 

15 80 












$1.20; Daniel Brenner, $1.20; John H. 
Rinehart, $1.20; John O. Werner, 
$1.20; Levi Minnich, $15; Eld. Allen 

Ockerman and wife, $1, $ 24 40 

Virginia — $223.48. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Greenmount, $32.28; Cedar Grove, 

Flat Rock, $10.98 43 26 


David W. Wampler. $2; D. R. Mil- 
ler, 25 cents; L. S. Miller, 50 cents; 
Madison Kline, 50 cents; B. W. Neff, 
$5; Benj. Cline, 50 cents; J. N. Smith, 

$1; Jos. F. Driver, $1, ID 75 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Germantown, 28 00 


Sister Francis Hvlton, Pleasant 

Hill, $1; Chas. H. Wampler, $1, 2 00 

Eastern District. Congregations. 

Midland, $11.76; Mt. Grove Chapel, 

$1.90 13 66 


Chas. W. Sprenkel, Richmond, 7 00 

First District, Congregations. 

Oak Grove, $14.5 0; Peters Creek, 
$14.05; Troutville. $13.25; Topeco, 

$3.60; Pleasant Hill, $4.52, 49 92 


A. C. Riely, $10; Lena B. Fleshman, 
$8.15; E. C. Firestone, New Bethel, 
$2.92; H. D. Quarrels, $1; Hettie 

Webb, $1 23 07 

Second District, Congregation. 

Sangerville 14 26 


Glade, 11 40 


Pearl M. Showalter, $1; Salome A. 
Gochenour, $1; D. S. Thomas, $1; 
Elizabeth A. Andes, $1; Jas. R. Ship- 
man, $1.50; M. D. Hess, 25 cents; 
J. S. Wright, 25 cents; Jane A. Zim- 
merman, $2.50; Mary S. Zimmerman, 
$2.50; Jacob L. Zimmerman, $5: 
Martha F. Evers, 25 cents; Mary R. 
Evers, 25 cents; Lucy E. Evers, 25 
cents; S. I. Stoner, Middle River, 
$2.25; S. A. Garber, 41 cents; Cath- 
erine E. Miller, 25 cents; A. B. Glick, 

50 cents, 20 16 

Maryland— $170.95. 

"Western District, Individuals. 

John Merrill and wife 5 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

"Welsh Run, $38.44; Mangansville, 
$17.16; Zion, Beaver Creek. $13.07; 
Broadfording, Welsh Run, $12.24, . . 80 91 


Amanda L. Ausherman. $1; Mary 
L. Stauffer, $2.50; Barbara E. Stouffer, 

$2.50; Mrs. Elizabeth Rowe. $1 7 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 
Pipe Creek, $40; Washington City, 

$16.04; Meadow Branch, $4, 60 04 


P. M. Radcliffe and wife, Wash- 
ington City, $2; David M. Young, $1; 

Annie R. Stoner, $15, 18 00 

Missouri — $161.74. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Wakenda, $72.65: Rockingham, 
$61.52; Bethany, Pleasant View, 

$12.15 146.32 

Class No. 3, St. Joseph Sunday- 
school 2 37 


John C. Van Trump, deceased, . . 5 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mary A. Eshelman, $"5; W. P. 
Strole (marriage notice), 50 cents, 5 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

Phineas L. Fike 2 85 

Iowa — $130.70. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Jacob Lichty, $6; Henry S. Sheller, 
$5; Edward Zapf, $5; L. M. Eby, 
$2.50; C. Frederick, deceased, $4; J. 
H. Grady, Sr., $1.15; Mary D. Welty, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$1; O. W. Hamer (marriage notice), 

50 cents $ 25 15 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Garrison, $18.02; Prairie City, $5; 

Cedar, $7 30 02 


C. S. McNutt, deceased, $1.20; 
Philip Noland, Coon River, $1; Eliza- 
beth Fahrney, $2.50; Amos E. West, 
$5; S. Scholtman and wife, $2.15; "Vin- 
ton Artz, 50 cents; W. H. Blough, 50 
cents; Martin Suck, $2; Daniel Fry, 
$3; W. E. "West (marriage notice), 50 
cents; H. L. Royer (marriage notice), 

50 cents, 18 85 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Libertyville, $24; Fairview, $18.18, 42 18 


Ida M. Brown, $11; Emanuel Henry, 

$3.50 14 50 

California — $1 1 5.05. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Oak Grove, $25.50; Lindsay, $9.35; 

Live Oak, $6.50; Herman, $2.50 43 85 


Mrs. A. W. Leib, $9; R. M. Hum- 
mel, $5; Sarah J. Beckner, $1; T. N. 
Beckner, $2.60; J. P. Dickey (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents, 18 10 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Pasadena, $20.53; Santa Ana, $2.95, 23 48 


East Los Angeles, 28 62 


J. K. Shively and wife 100 

Kansas — $97.30. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Victor, 15 00 


Bertha and Eunice Albin, $2; 

Mary R. Moler, $1 

Northeastern District. 

Ottawa Missionary Society, 


Mrs. Susan Stott, $1.53; J. F. 
Hantz (marriage notice), 50 cents, 
Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Larned, $31.50; Garden City, $7, 

Regina Harnish, 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Mont Ida, $5.25; Fredonia, $3.30, 

Worth Dakota^$77.71. ' 


Williston, $55; Minot, $7.10 




Henry W. Kile, $8; J. M. Fike, $3, 
Minnesota— $69.45. 

Root River, $45.45; Worthington, 
$5, Monticello, Minneapolis, $2.50, 

Willing Workers' Class, Root Riv- 


J. H. Brubaker (marriage notice), 
Michigan— -$64.86. 

Woodland, $17.45; New Haven, 
$16.25; Thornapple, $13.75; Sugar 

Ridge, $5.71, 53' 16 


A Friend, $5; J. C. Harrison, $1.20; 
E. G. Sellers (marriage notice), 5 
cents; Fred and Ethel Strohm, $5, ll 70 

Nebraska^— $54.83. 

Bethel 42 33 


Kearney 12 50 

North Carolina — $31.60. 

Mill Creek, $14; Melvin Hill, $7.15; 
Brummets Creek, $5.45; Pleasant 

Grove, $5 31 60 

Oklahom a — $30.15. 

Oklahoma City Tithers, 2190 



























J. G. Church, $5.55; Wm. P. Bos- 
serman, $1.20; Ella Garst, $1; Lean- 
der Smith (marriage notice), 50 

cents $ 8 25 

Tennessee— -$22.1Q. 

Pleasant Valley, $9; Limestone, 

$6; New Hope, $4.50, 19 50 


Rachel Gross 2 60 

Denmark — $18.79. 

Churches in Denmark 18 79 

Idaho — $18.50. 

District Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting, 9 50 


A Brother and Sister, $1; John 

Lind, $5; Ella Hostetler, $3, 9 00 

Oregon — $14.35. 

Myrtle Point, $10; Williams Creek, 

$4.35 14 35 

Colorado — $13.50. 

Sterling, $6.5 0; McClave, $6; Fruita, 

$1 13 50 

Nevada — $10.00. 

S. Beeghly 10 00 

Washington — $7.82. 

Tacoma, 82 


E. C. Weimer, 7 '00 

New Mexico — $4.00. 

Sister E. M. Reed, $2; Bro. Quincy 

Reed, $2 4 00 

Montana— $3.38. 

Milk River Valley, 3 38 

Wisconsin — $3.50, 

Maple Grove 3' 50 

Canada— $1.25. 

Western District, Individual. 

Louisa Shaw, 1 25 

Unknown, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 3,796 59 

Previously received 28,166 44 

For the year so far $31,963 03 

Ohio — $83.32. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Logan $ 9 66 


Geo. W. Eavey, Lima 1 00 

STortheastern District, Congregations. 

Owl Creek, $17.20; Ashland, Maple 
Grove, $14.03; Jonathan Creek, $13.25; 
Mohican, $9.27; Chippewa, Beech 
Grove. $7.31; Ashland City, $6; 

Greenwood, $3.10, 70 16 


Flat Run, Danville 150 

Southern District. 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

Pension Check 1 00 

Montana— $11.93. 

Medicine Lake, 11 93 

Illinois — $7.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 7 00 

Pennsylvania— -$5.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

J. L. Ankeny, Plum Creek 5 00 

Mary Ian d— -$5 .00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. Mary B. Arnold, 5 00 

Missouri— -$3.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M. Cox, 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Nevada, 3 00 

California — $2.25. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 


The Missionary Visitor 


East Los Angeles $ 2 25 

Total for the month, $ 118 00 

Previously received, 535 28 

For the year so far, $ 653 28 

Pennsylvania — $70.00. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Maple Spring," $ 40 3 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East York 20 00 

In Memory of S. Homer Sieber, 10 00 

Kansas— §72.69. 
Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Appanoose 20 00 

Young Men's Organized Bible 

Class, Morrill Sunday-school, 16 00 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Slate Creek 6 69 


Jacob Witmore, 30 0D 

California — $20.00. 

Southern District, Christian "Workers. 

South Los Angeles, 20 00 

Ohio — $10.00. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Primary Classes, Lima, 10 00 

Minnesota — $10.00. 

Washington 10 00 

Nebraska— $10vOO. 

Bethel 10 00 

Iowa— $10.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Libertyville 10 00 

Michigan — $8.00. 

Sunfield, 8 00 

"Washington — $3.00. 

E. C. Weimer, 3 00 

Idaho — $2.50. 

Mrs. S. W. High, 2 50 

Illinois— $1 .00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 1 00 

Indiana- — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

"A. B.,'* 1 00 

Total for the month $ 218 19 

Previously received, 1,965 21 

For the year so far, $ 2,183 40 


Virginia — $50.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Peach Grove. Salem, $ 25 00 

Second District. 

Earnest Workers' Class, Mill 

Creek, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Koontz, 25 00 

Indiana— $20.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Turkey Creek, 6 25 


Cedar Creek 14 25 

North Dakota — $12.50. 

Prairie Home 12 50 

California — $9.90l 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Oak Grove 3 65 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pasadena Elementary, ■. 6 25 

Idaho— $7.00b 

J. H. Bowers, $5; Ella Hostetler, 
Payette, $2 7 00 

Total for the month $ 124 90 

Previously received, 909 27 

For the year so far $ 1,034 17 


Indiana — $21.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Loon Creek $ 15 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Tena Smith, $2; Mary Kendall, 
$2; Phebe E. Teeter, $2 6 00 

Total for the month $ 21 00 

Previously received, 263 96 

For the year so far, $ 284 96 

Ohio — $4.10. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, Sugar Creek, ....$ 4 10 

North Dakota — $1.50. 

Mrs. Isaac Miller, 150 

Total for the month $ 5 60 

Previously received, 80 19 

For the year so far $ 85 79 


Iowa — $2.25. 

Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class, Panther Creek 
Sunday-school, $ 2 25 

Total for the month $ 2 25 

Previously received, 144 06 

For the year so far $ 146 31 

Kansas — $35.00. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

J. A. Sheets and wife, $ 35 00 

Indiana — $20.82. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Four Mile 15 82 

Southern District, 5 00 

Ohio — $7.50. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Geo. W. Eavey, 100 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Flat Run, Danville, 1 50 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Pittsburg 5 00 

Illinois — $5.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 5 50 

West Virginia — $3.10. 

First District, Su-nday-school. 

Allegheny 3 10 

Penn sylvania— $3.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

James Creek, 3 00 

Idaho — $2.50. 

Mrs. S. W. High, 2 50 

California — $2.50. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Santa Ana, 2 50 

North Carolina— $2.40. 

H. H. Masters 2 40 

Nebraska — $1.50. 

Sunshine Girls, Kearney Sunday- 
school 1 50 

Michisran — $1.00. 

Geo. Stivers 1 00 

Missouri — $0.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M.. Cox, 50 

Total for the month $ 85 32 

Previously received 816 30 

For the vear so far $ 901 62 

California — $1 10.19. 

Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

East Los Angeles, $86.93; Berean 
Chinese, $18.97 $ 105 90 

Santa Fe Avenue Mission, 4 29 

Washington — $23.00. 

Seattle Chinese 23 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Idaho — $22.85. 


Mrs. Mamie Fike $ 22 85 

Total for the month $ 156 04 

Previously received, 74 00 

For the year so far $ 230 04 


Ohio — $85.65. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Eagle Creek, $40; Silver Creek, $6, $ 46 00 

S. Cocanower, $22.65; C. S. Lehman, 

$11, ."• . . 33 65 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Greenville, 5 00 

Sunbeam Class, Bremen Sunday- 
school, Rush Creek 100 

Indiana — $44.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Walnut, 22 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A. C. and Katie Metzger 22 00 

Washington — $22.00. 

Intermediate Class, Seattle Sun- 
day-school 22 00 

Pennsylvania — $22.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East York, 22 00 

Illinois — $13.88. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 1 00 

Children's Mission, Yellow Creek, 12 88 

Hew Mexico — $10.00. 

Clovis 10 00 

California, — $2.20. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East Los Angeles 2 20 

Total for the month, $ 199 73 

Previously received, 443 9 7 

For the year so far, $ 643 70 

Virginia — $13.00. 
Second District, Aid Society. 

Nokesville, $5; Sangerville, $5; 

Mt. Vernon, $3 $ 13 00 

Ohio — $4.48. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Arnold Macy 3 00 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket 148 

Missouri — $11.00. 

Northern District, Aid Societies. 

Plattsburg, $6; Rockingham, $5 . . 11 00 

Indiana— $10.00. 
Northern District, Aid Society. 

Rock Run 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Plunge Creek 5 00 

Iowa— $10.20. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Rose Connell, : 5 20 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

South Keokuk, 5 00 

Nebraska — $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Octavia, 13 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Huntingdon, 5 00 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Olathe 5 00 

South Dakota — $2.50. 
Aid Society. 

Willow Creek, 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 71 18 

Previously received 256 75 

For the year so far, $ 327 93 


Indiana — $53. 00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

South Bend, $ 5 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Loon Creek $ 15 00 

Aid Society. 

Guernsey, Monticello, $5; Eel Riv- 
er, $6; Ogans Creek, $5; Pleasant 

Dale, $5, 2100 

Southern District. 

Mississinewa Missionarv Commit- 
tee 12 30 

Ohio— $30.60. 

Northwestern District, Aid Society. 

Logan 5 00 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Loudonville 5 00 

Southern District. 

Sunshine Band, Bethel Sunday- 
school 7 05 

Aid Society. 

Brookville, 5 00 

Painter Creek Sewing Society, . . 5 30 

Young Ladies' Class, Lower Miami 

Sunday-school, 3 55 

Iowa— $26.85. 
Northern District. 

Ladies' Volunteer Bible Class, ... 21 85 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Dallas Center, 5 00 

Illinois — $11.00. 
Northern District. 

Junior Class, Shannon Sunday- 
school, 6 00 


Bessie Waddelow, Chicago, 5 03 

Virginia, — $10.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Cedar Grove, Flat Rock 5 00 

First District, Aid Society. 

Beaver Creek 5 00 

Missouri-— $10.00. 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Mineral Creek r $5; Adrian, $5, .. 13 00 

Montana- — $5.00. 
Aid Society. 

Medicine Lake, 5 00 

Oregon — $5.00. 
Aid Society. 

Portland, 5 00 

North Dakota — $5.00. 

Minot, 5 00 

South Dakota — -$2.50. 
Aid Society. 

Willow Creek 2 50 

Total for the month , 

Previously received, 

For the year so far, $ 526 72 


Indiana — $13.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Salamonie, $ 5 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

L. L. Teeter, $3'; Jas. A. Byer and 
wife, $2; Clara Wampole, $2; Mary E. 

Burgess, Buck Creek, $1, 8 00 

Ohio — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

M. Edith Riley, 5 00 

Idaho — $5.00. 

Lizzie Greene 5 00 

Pennsylvania— -$2.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey, Dunnings Creek, 2 00 

North Dakota— $1.50. 

Mrs. Isaac Miller 1 50 

Total for the month $ 26 50 

Previously received, 257 88 

For the year so far $ 284.38 


Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 1 03 

Total for the month $ 100 


158 95 

367 77 


The Missionary Visitor 


Previously received $ 3 30 

For the year so far, 403 

Illinois — $1.00. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 100 

Total for the month $ 1 00 

Previously received 7 00 

For the year so far $ 8 00 


Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 1 00 

Total for the month $ 100 

Previously received 15 3 

For the year so far $ 16 00 

California — $5.00. 

Northern District. 

Reedley Mission Band, $ 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Previously received 

For the year so far, $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $253.02. 
Western District, Congregations. 

Brothers "Valley, $75.51; Meyers- 

'dale, $24, $ 99 51 


Maple Glen 13 77 


R. D. Casebeer and wife, $5; J. W. 

Wegley, $2, 7 '30 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Tyrone 8 76 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Little . Swatara, $55; Mechanic 

Grove, $5.60 60 60 


"West End, Little Swatara, 8 3 


Bro. and Sister Jacob A. Price, . . 2 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Upper Cumberland 18 58 


Huntsdale, $11.80; Green Spring, 

$6; York, $17 34 80 

Iowa— $76.60. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Greene, 26 25 

Middle District. Congregation. 

Des Moines Valley, 32 00 


Panther Creek, 18 35 

California — $62.75. 
Northern District. 

Stonyford Neighbors, 62 75 

Indiana — $53.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Elizabeth Hay, $5; Irvin Miller, $1, 6 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Flora 20 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Nettle Creek, 27 50 

Missouri — $49.35. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Smithfork 20 80 


D. W. Falls, 28 55 

Virginia — $38.44. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Valley 32 44 


D. C. Cline, $5; Mrs. J. W. Horns- 

berger, $1, 6 03 

Colorado — $27.09. 

Rockvford. $16.2S; Fruita, $10.81, 27 09 

Maryland— $25,00. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Daniel S. Baugher, $20; H. H. 
Beard, $5 25 00 

Michigan— $18=85. 

Woodland, $ 13 85 


A Sister 5 00 

Washington — $15.56. 

Plain, 5 50 


Plain 4 06 


S. H. Miller, $5; Sarah Garrison, 

$1 6 00 

Cuba — $10.00. 
Christian Workers. 

Omaja ID 00 

Illinois— $9 .95. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Elgin, $7.95; Shannon, $2, 9 95 

Canada— $5.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

" M. E. R.," 5 00 

Tennessee — $5.00. 

"Will C. Young 5 00 

Ohio — $2.0O. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Kate Branner, 2 O'i) 

Kansas — $1.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Lizzie L. P. Miller, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 653 11 

Previously received, 

For the year so far $653 11 

Illinois — $5.20. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon $ 1 50 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Lamotte, 3 70 

Total for the month $ 5 20 

Previously received, 64 25 

For the year so far $ 69 45 

Illinois — $1.50. 
Northern pistrict, Congregation. 

Shannon $ 1 53 

Total for the month, $ 150 

Previously received, 25 25 

For the year so far, $ 26 75 

" Jetho Javer is a Christian who lives 
in Sengpur. He had stolen some cotton 
a year before he became a Christian, and 
then, on confessing his wrong, went to 
jail for it. Recently a sepoy reported 
that he had cut off branches from a 
government tree, and accordingly arrest- 
ed him. He was told that if he would 
deny it the thing could not be estab- 
lished. But he said he could not deny, 
for he had done it. So on his own wit- 
ness he was sent up for two months. 
The collector, on hearing of the case, 
reduced the sentence to one month. It 
is better that all Christians should go to 
jail awhile every year than to tell a lie 
to be free. God hates lies." — Prakash 
Pair a. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 



Wine, A. P., Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F Priisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., Priisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna M Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Chou; Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, P. H., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N., ' Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, . . . Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., . . . .Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R. ( India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. 

Blough, J. M. Bulsar, B. B. 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, B. B. 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, B. B. 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, 

Emmert, Gertrude R .Jalalpor, 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Q. A., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa . .Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., .Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effle V Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara N., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine, Bulsar, India 

Royer, B. Mary, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A W Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C. Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

C. I. R. R., 


C. I. R. R., 


C. I. R. R., 


C. I. R. R., 


C. I. R. R., 


C. I. R. R., 


Surat Dist, 


Surat Dist., 


Have You Organized Your Mission Study Class? 


By Galen B. Royer 

A New Book on Mission Study especially adapted to the needs of classes in 
oar Country Churches. 

Contains biographies of Carey of India; Morrison of China; Livingstone of 
Africa; Judson of Burma; Verbeck of Japan; Chalmers of the South Sea Islands; 
Gihnotir of Mongolia; Fidelia Fiske of Persia; Mackenzie of China; Martyn, 
missionary to the Mohammedans; also two chapters devoted to a brief survey of 
missions from the Apostles to the present time. 

Each Chapter Complete in Itself. Each Chapter a Lesson. 

Contains several pages of suggestions on how to start your class. 


PRICE, postpaid: Cloth, 55 cents. Paper, 40 cents 

Send all orders to General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 

At the conclusion of this study a beautiful certificate is given, suitable 
for framing, size 11x14 inches, of which the following is a fac- 

Sunday School 



c/iaw#a&em/rtM{ bZtafe. <^— 



/uiUfAiny •'./$€' Course in Missions / a^^ied>ctefre€6ju'Jffie' 
Genera/ Mission Board. 

In Testimony Whereof J&lSmefazo*. ntiAten •i&W'tdrtatdtu&ed' 



■ vv of 'Board. 


/TTtjnwglj all % tumult uf tljeu- 
^ lugtral strife, ilj? xrnt figure 
tljat t0 stauiuug nut mure aub 
mure rtearly aub rummauituglg 
before meu ts ilje figure uf tlje 
Ban of ilau, tl|e Sttriue auft 
Eternal ^uu nf % iEtter-lEmriug 
dink 3lu 1pm is tlje true uuttjj 
of tlje rare aub aruuuft ijtm 
duster its uublest aritutttes. Nu 
matter Ijnut murlj (Eljrtsttaus may 
MFer as tu uiijrr tljiugs, ttjeg 
trnll be mure auft mure agreed as 
tu life tmperattue imty au& ilje 
tusptrtug prurilege uf prearljtug 
Jesus Qltjrtsi tu ilje wljule uturlb 

MARCH, 1915 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the "Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be 
given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances 

payable to 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. 
Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for March, 1915 



The Story of the Bamboo: A Parable, By B. E. Newcomb'e, 100 

Brooklyn Missions, By J. K. Miller, 102 

The Power of God Manifest, By H. A. Claybaugh, 103 

Our Missionary Children: A Suggestion, By the Editor 105 

Disposition of the Relief Fund, By J. F. Graybill 106 

Notes from China for December, By Anna N. Crumpacker 108 

Christmas Joys in China, By Emma Horning 109 

A Missionary Heroine at Home, By G. B. R., Ill 

How Are We to Raise the Means to Carry On Our Mission Work? By 

Leander Smith, 112 

Choice Paragraphs from " Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands," Se- 
lected by A. G. Crosswhite 113 

Our Mission to the Italian, By J. K. Miller, 114 

The Bible Memory and Devotional League, By the Editor 115 


From the Bridgewater Band, 117 

The Call of the Master, 117 

The Student Volunteer, a Soul Winner, By Goldie Swartz, 118 



My Baby, By Minnie F. Bright 122 

A Praise Service at the Sahib's House, By Kathren Rover Holsopple, 122 


The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVII 

MARCH, 1915 

Number 3 


There are thirty-six volunteers for 
world-wide mission work in the Student 
Volunteer Association at Manchester 
College. ^ 

A brother in the Southland writes : 
" You perhaps have heard some com- 
plaints from this congregation regard- 
ing our poor circumstances. It is true 
that we are all poor, but the trouble is, 
about four-fifths are asleep to our pres- 
ent and immediate possibilities and are 
not making use of what they have." 
Query : How many churches have that 
unfortunate four-fifths? What can we 
jdo for them ? With them ? How awak- 
en them? ^ - 

A very common practice among many 
Christians is to start out by giving God 
everything in general, and continue by 
giving Him nothing in particular. We 
acknowledge His supremacy over us and 
ownership of ourselves, but in general 
practice insist that He has no right to 
our possessions. ^ v» 

For instance, we hear of a very 
wealthy church that had a rousing har- 
vest meeting last fall, took up an offering 
and turned it into the church treasury 
for running expenses. Such a course is 
always a tacit admission that they are 
still without the light, and must keep 
their altar fires burning through their 
missionary offerings of those who give 
with a free heart. It would be interest- 
ing to know just how large a percentage 
of such a congregation gave, and how 
large a number were willing to be min- 
istered unto in their " want, need and 
poverty." Thus they thank God in of- 

ferings and use the money for them- 
selves ! m y 

We would especially call the attention 
of our congregations, organized Sunday- 
school classes and primary departments, 
to the article on " Our Missionary Chil- 
dren," found in this issue. We trust 
that there may be many thus stirred to 
activity. .<-« 

Blue Ridge College, Maryland, has al- 
ready ordered thirty copies of " Chris- 
tian Heroism in Heathen Lands " for 
Mission Study Class use. Bridgewater 
College reports a class of forty, with 
twenty-nine books ordered. We feel 
sure that such activity in our schools 
means live classes there, and finally 
many mission study groups in the home 
congregations. j^ .y 

A consecrated brother in Maryland 
received a nice present of money as a 
Christmas remembrance. His first ex- 
penditure was to set apart one-tenth of 
the amount for missions. This he has 
sent to the General Mission Board. 

From away up in Alberta, Canada, 
comes cheering news of a new Mission 
Study Class of nine members. Bro. 
Joseph Reish is the teacher. The book 
used is " Christian Heroism." There 
are many churches where such an or- 
ganization could be duplicated if there 
were some person to push the work. 

We note with gratification that our 
missionaries in India are planning their 
work so that a larger number can go to 
the hills for a brief stay during the in- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tensely hot season on the plains where 
they labor. Other missions, after long 
experience, have found this to be true 
missionary economy. Our missionaries 
are the greatest asset of our mission 
fields. Health is their largest asset for 
work. Hence the imperative need for 
a period of freshening up. The hot sea- 
son on the plains saps their vitality and 
leaves them weak for the duties await- 
ing them when the cool weather comes. 
But in the hills they are strengthened 
against the day of their greatest require- 


Four boys of a Sunday-school class at 
Washington Boro, Pa., were give one 
dime each for investment for missions. 
Their returns of $2.10 have been sent to 
us for transmission to Sister Kathryn 
Ziegler, in India. This is a pretty good 
plan and it keeps the children interested 
in mission work ^ ^ 

A brother, who is up against the home 
mission problem in his locality, says : 
" Our field is white, and if we don't 
send out some wide-awake workers at 
once, the Mormons are going to reap the 
harvest, to our shame." Are we, breth- 
ren, going to allow this Islam of Ameri- 
ca to offset our labors in any congre- 
gation in the Brotherhood? Will it not 
be to the shame of the Brotherhood, as 
well as the local congregation, if this im- 
possible religion is allowed to supplant 
us anywhere? ^ v , 

The World's Sunday School Associa- 
tion has sent out an appeal to Sunday- 
schools for a million nickels to buy one 
million Testaments for one million sol- 
diers. Each scholar donating a nickel 
receives a bookmark receipt, on which is 
printed the request : " Place this book- 
mark in your Bible, and remember in 
your prayers him to whom your Testa- 
ment is given — God knows his name." 
Thus the armies of the world in this 
dread conflict may be brought to know 

All God's giants have been weak men 
who did great things for God because 
they reckoned on His being with them. 
— /. Hudson Taylor. 

It is said that Iceland, about half as- 
large as Missouri, does not have a jail, 
penitentiary, or court. Every child of 
ten years of age can read. No liquor 
selling is permitted, as all are total ab- 
stainers. The island has a population of 
78,000. n^ 

In 1859 a man could be bought in the 
Fiji Islands and butchered and eaten. 
But today the Bible is in nearly every 
home. Nine-tenths of the people are 
found in church on Sunday. 

"Every church sending its own mis- 
sionary, and the members thereof sup- 
porting him," is the goal towards which 
a denominational synod in Illinois is 
working. We commend this goal to the 
many churches of our Brotherhood 
which are raising money for the support 
of individual missionaries. Lay the 
burden of going upon one of your own 
number. ^->- 

The church that is not missionary is 
not after the New Testament order of 
things spiritual; for the very genius of 
the New Testament church from center 
to circumference -is missionary. The de- 
fense of the Gospel can not be accom- 
plished by pretense. It is best defended 
by being like the Gospel in going, giving, 
praying. <-« 

Brother and Sister J. F. Graybill, in 
Sweden, and Brother and Sister A. F. 
Wine, in Denmark, are not under special 
support. We shall be glad if some or- 
ganizations in the Brotherhood will cor- 
respond with us regarding assuming 
their' support, and thus assist in the 
world-wide campaign for souls. The 
workers in India and China are all as- 
signed. ^-> 

These days in Illinois see us spending 
millions of dollars in combating the foot 


The Missionary Visitor 


and mouth disease among our livestock. 
But these days also see our Legislature 
locked to a standstill over the question 
of who shall control the destiny of our 
boys and girls — those who wish to make 
Illinois a safe moral place for them to 
live, or those who desire to ruin their 
bodies and destroy their souls. 

77/7? T^ 

It is astonishing how some of our 
churches grow in mission sentiment in 
spite of their ministry. Now we hear 
of a church that wanted missionary ser- 
mons and was compelled in council to 
ask for them. More than two months 
have elapsed and they have not been 
preached. Is it shame, indifference, or 
lack of sympathy that keeps the ministry 
from granting the request? 

Then we have many other ministers 
who endure criticism and preach mis- 
sions, anyhow. We have many ministers 
who, by their lives of sacrifice, live mis- 
sions into the very lives of their mem- 
bership. The minister refusing to preach 
and teach missions has in some way 
missed his calling, or has been left over 
from an age that is fast passing away. 
For he has missed the very spirit and 
intent of the Gospel. 

" Look within at self and be dis- 
tressed. Look behind at the past and be 
dismayed. Look around on the world 
and be distracted. Look ahead at the 
possible and be daunted. Look -aside at 
temptation and be defeated. Look 
down on others and be disappointed. 
Look up to Jehovah and be delivered ; 
and look as Christ did and be delighted." 

The committee of arrangements for 
the coming Hershey Conference has 
kindly given into the hands of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board a good share of Sat- 
urday at the Conference, for programs 
of a missionary nature. It is planned 
that we shall have very interesting dis- 
cussions, dealing with phases of both 

home and foreign missionary work. 

Likewise a missionary exhibit is being 
planned for the Hershey Conference. In 
this we hope to have much valuable ma- 
terial for the study of our brethren and 
sisters who may attend the meeting. 

The Dutch Reformed Church has on 
the shores of Lake Nyassa, in British 
Central Africa, seventeen central sta- 
tions and 700 out-stations, with sixty- 
four European workers and 1,500 native 
evangelists. There are 70,000 pupils in 
its schools, and about 200,000 people 
have been reached with the Gospel. The 
work has been going on for twenty- 
three years. ^ > 

The Christian Church began giving 
the first day it was born. Men were at 
once chosen to distribute alms. The 
giving church is the living church. 
Whatever other principles the New Tes- 
tament Church may embrace, there must 
lie at its foundation a sensible, sane, in- 
telligent system of ministering unto the 
wants of the needy ones of the world. 
This grace is sadly neglected by many. 

Of the 900 boys and girls in the Pres- 
byterian schools at Teheran, Persia, 
more than half are Mohammedans. 
There is no protest against the teaching 
of Christianity. But the schools are ex- 
tremely crowded with those who wish to 
learn. Prejudices among Moslems, 
though strong and bitter in many places, 
are weakening in others. 

Who can forecast what this war will 
mean to missions? It will drive many 
people, in abject need, to their Savior. 
It will weld to each other the hearts of 
many people of antagonistic natures. 
And out of it all will eventually come a 
higher regard for the claims of God 
upon the human soul. Already reports 
come from the stricken lands, showing 
a movement towards God, 


The Missionary Visitor 



B. E. Newcombe. 

On the hillsides in Kucheng District the 
most valuable trees are often marked with the 
owner's name. A common way of conveying 
water from the mountain springs down to the 
villages is in channels made of lengths of 
bamboo fitted one to the other. 

A BEAUTIFUL tree stood among 
scores of others on a lovely hill- 
side, its stem dark and glossy, its 
beautiful feathery branches gently quiv- 
ering in the evening breeze. 

As we admired it we became con- 
scious of a gentle rustling of the leaves, 
and a low murmur was distinctly heard : 
" You think me beautiful, you admire 
my tall stem and graceful branches, but 
I have nothing to boast of. All I have 
I owe to the loving care of my Master. 
It was He Who planted me here in this 
very fruitful hill, where my roots, 
reaching down to and dwelling in hid- 
den springs, and continually drinking of 
their life-giving water, receive nourish- 
ment, refreshment,, beauty and strength 
for my whole being. 

" Do you see those trees to one side, 
how miserable and parched they are? 
Their roots have not yet reached the 
living springs. Since I found the 


" You observe those characters on my 
stem? Look closely — they are cut into 
my very being. The cutting process was 
painful — I wondered at the time why I 
had to suffer — but it was my Master's 
own hand that used the knife, and when 
the work was finished, with a throb of 
unutterable joy, I recognized it was His 
own name He had cut on my stem. 
Then I knew beyond doubt that He 
loved and prized me, and wanted all 
the world to know I belonged to Him. 

*This article will appear in leaflet form and 
will be for free distribution. Copies may be 
ordered from the Missionary Visitor. 

I may well make it my boast that I have 
such a Master." 

Even as the tree was telling us of its 
Master, we looked around, and lo ! the 
Master Himself stood there. He was 
looking with love and longing on the 
tree, and in His hand He held a sharp 

" I have need of thee," He said. 
"Art thou willing to give thyself to 

" Master," replied the tree, " I am all 
Thine own — but of what use can such 
as I be to Thee? " 

" I need thee," said the Master, " to 
take My living water to some dry, 
parched places where there is none." 

"JBut Master, how can I do this? I 
can dwell in Thy living springs and im- 
bibe their waters for my own nourish- 
ment. I can stretch up my arms to 
heaven, and drink in Thy refreshing 
showers, and grow strong and beautiful, 
and rejoice that strength and beauty 
alike are all from Thee, and proclaim to 
all what a good Master Thou art. But 
how can I give water to others? I but 
drink what suffices for my own food. 
What have I to give to others? " 

The Master's voice grew wondrously 
tender as He answered, " I can use thee 
if thou art willing. I would fain cut 
thee down and lop off all thy branches, 
leaving thee naked and bare ; then I 
would take thee right away from this 
thy happy home among the other trees, 
and carry thee out alone on the far hill- 
side where there will be none to whisper 
lovingly to thee — only grass and a tan- 
gled growth of briers and weeds. Yes, 
and I would still use the painful knife, 
for all those barriers within thy heart 
should be cut away one by one, till there 


The Missionary Visitor 


is a free passage for my living water 
through thee. 

" Thou wilt die, thou sayest ; yes, My 
own tree, THOU wilt die, but MY 
Water of Life will flow freely and 
ceaselessly through thee. Thy beauty 
will be gone indeed. Henceforth, no 
one will look on thee and admire thy 
freshness and grace, but many, many 
will stoop and drink of the life-giving 
stream which will reach them so free- 
ly through thee. They may give no 
thought to thee, it is true, but will they 
not bless thy Master Who has given 
them His water through thee? Art thou 
willing for this, My tree? " 

I held my breath to hear what the an- 
swer would be. " My Master, all I 
have and am is from Thee. If Thou 
indeed hast need of me, then I gladly 
and willingly give my life . to Thee. Ij 
only through my dying Thou canst 
bring Thy living water to others, I con- 
sent to die. I am Thine own. Take and 
use me as Thou wilt, my Master." 

And the Master's face grew still more 
tender, but He took the sharp axe and 
with repeated blows brought the beau- 
tiful tree to the ground. It rebelled not, 
but yielded to each stroke, saying softly, 
"My Master, as Thou wilt." And still 
the Master held the axe, and still He 
continued to strike till the stem was 
severed again, and the glory of the tree, 
its w T ondrous crown of feathery branch- 
es, was lost to it forever. 

Now indeed it was naked and bare — 
but the love-light in the Master's face 
deepened as He took what remained of 
the tree on His shoulders, and amid the 
sobbing of all its companions, bore it 
away, far, far over the mountains. 

But the tree consented to all for the 
love of the Master, murmuring faintly, 
" My Master, where Thou wilt." 

Arrived at a lonely and desolate place, 
the Master paused, and again His hand 
took a cruel-looking weapon with sharp- 
pointed blade, and this time thrust it 

right into the very heart of the tree — 
for He would make a channel for His 
living waters, and only through the 
broken heart of the tree could they flow 
unhindered to the thirsty land. 

Yet the tree repined not, but still whis- 
pered with breaking heart, " My Master, 
Thy will be done." 

So the Master, with the heart of love 
and the face of tenderest pity, dealt the 
painful blows and spared not, and the 
keen-edged steel did its work unfalter- 
ingly till every barrier had been cut 
away, and the heart of the tree lay open 
from end to end, and the Master's heart 
was satisfied. 

Then again He raised it and gently 
bore it, wounded and suffering, to 
where, unnoticed till now, a spring of 
living water, clear as crystal, was bub- 
bling up. There He laid it down — one 
end just within the healing waters. And 
the stream of life flowed in, right down 
the heart of the tree from end to end, 
along all the road made by the cruel 
wounds— a gentle current to go on flow- 
ing noiselessly, flowing in, flowing 
through, flowing out, ever flowing, nev- 
er ceasing, and the Master smiled and 
was satisfied. 

Again the Master went and sought for 
more trees. Some shrank back and 
feared the pain, but others gave them- 
selves to Him with full consent, saying, 
" Our Master, we trust Thee. Do with 
us what Thou wilt." Then He brought 
them ont; by one by the same painful 
road and laid them down end to end, 
and as each fresh tree was placed in 
position, the living stream poured in 
fresh and clear from the fountain 
through its wounded heart, the line 
growing longer and longer, till at last 
it reached to the parched land, and 
weary men and women and little 
children who had long thirsted came and 
drank and hastened to carry the tidings 
to others: "The living water has come 
at last — the long, long famine is over; 


The Missionary Visitor 


come, and drink." And they came, 
drank and received, and the Master saw 
and His heart was gladdened. 

Then the Master returned to His tree 
and lovingly asked, " My tree, dost thou 
now regret the loneliness and suffering? 
Was the price too dear— the price for 
giving the living water to the world?" 

And the tree replied, "My Master, no, 
a thousand, thousand times, no! Had I 
ten thousand lives, how willingly would 
I give them all to Thee for the bliss of 
knowing, as today I know, that I have 
helped to make Thee glad." — From 


J. K. Miller. 

C' LOSING with Dec. 31, 1914, I Foreign Mission receipts, $ 32.63 
r . , , r . .i r i Home Mission receipts, 38.89 
finished my fourteenth fiscal^ year General rece i p ts, 810.34 

as superintendent of our mission For minister's support 434.69 

work in Greater New York City. By Total receipts, $1,316.53 

the grace of the Lord I have been able Total expenditures, 1,134.19 

to take a hand in every phase of the Total cash balance, 183.34 

work, from being janitor to presiding This has been a climax year for our 
elder, and witness all the " ups and- mission church ! Up to Jan. 1, 1915, our 

downs " and " never-to-be-forgotten ex- c h U rch record says that 314 persons 

periences" that all missions seem heir have had membership with us. About 

to, and yet triumph in HIS name. 114 have been received upon church let- 

We began with God, plus some " Ca- ter and the rest by believers' baptism. 

leb red blood," plus a few folding chairs, Our present membership for the most 

plus a storeroom and the few humble part are alert, and are planning new 

folk who would come to hear God's lines of work for the church, and espe- 

Message. The " days of the giants " are cially for the Italian Mission. During 

now passing, and we are possessing the our "bicentennial year" (1908) we were 

land in the name of Him Who said able to dedicate, FREE OF DEBT, our 

" Go," and Whp also said, " Lo, I am church and mission home. No money 

with you." "begging on dedication day! All bills 

Our work has not been of a "mush- P aid ' ^ e had nothin § to do but wor " 

room growth," but of that kmd which S? God ! Z d f lare \° y° u l liked that! 

,, ,, „ ., „ , Ihe memory ot that day is precious, be- 

resembles the acorn growth, slow, , ^x.^ , , 

, . , T L , cause lz,000 persons throughout our 

steady and sure! Just tourteen A^ears .«. , , , , ,, , 

, ■ _ . . Brotherhood had stood by me for seven 

ago the offerings were so meager that yeafS ^ thdr prayerg and ^^ and 

they did not pay even for the supplies thus made our dedication day a success, 

of the little mission Sunday-school. Have Y OU been one who stood by dur- 

And yet the Mission Board paid for all i ng t h OS e most trying years of 1901 to 

the light, fuel, rent and support of mis- 1908 and helped us climb to the top of 

sionary superintendent. But what our biggest hill? If so, let me say again, 

change has fourteen years made! The with increased gratitude in my heart, 

executive board, at the close of the fiscal " Thank you! And God bless you! I 

year of 1914, reports; You did the fundamental part. God is 


The Missionary Visitor 


now building His spiritual church. 

The Lord is opening up the way each 
year for us to reach out farther and 
farther in our work, and especially 
amongst the foreign peoples. He has 
made it possible now for me to give most 
of -my time to the needs of the Italian 
Mission, which has long been waiting 
for some one to lay himself upon God's 
altar and be a channel for service. 

Bro. Amos P. Geib, who has been 
with us in training for the past four 
years, has agreed to be responsible for 
the main preaching and general man- 
agement of the English Mission Church. 
This relieves me of a great share of the 
work and gives me just the freedom of 
which I stood in need in order properly 
to superintend the Home Foreign Mis- 
sion in our city. We have great hopes 
that Bro. Geib will become a successful 
missionary pastor, and that his labors 
will be blessed of the Lord, in our midst. 

Bro. H. C. Yingling is proving him- 
self an efficient Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. We think that we have our 

work well organized for the new year, 
and our prayer is that there may not be 
any backward steps in any one of the 
activities- of our mission work. 

We especially ask you to be much in 
prayer with us for the opening up of the 
work in the Italian quarters. We are 
crowded to the walls in our very small 
frame building. Over 160 children are 
enrolled in the Sunday-school. About 
100 are in the industrial classes. From 
thirty to sixty adults come to the preach- 
ing service. Some thirty have been bap- 
tized. Several are on the waiting list to 
be taken into the church. We are lo- 
cated in a colony of 8,000 Italians. Will 
you aid us to meet our challenge? If 
you are led of the Lord to help in this 
most noble work, send your gift to the 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 
Watch our Building Fund Grow, in the 
Missionary Visitor! 

Yours, in behalf of the Italian Breth- 
ren Mission. 

35# Sixtieth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


H. A. Claybaugh. 

THE one about whom this article 
is written was born in Ireland in 
1840. At the age of nine his 
mother died, and from that time he was 
thrown upon his own responsibility. 

Barefooted and otherwise poorly clad 
he began work in the flax fields. As he 
grew older he saved enough to enter 
the flax business for himself. 

He grew wealthy very rapidly. Be- 
sides much money in stocks and bonds 
he owned 2,200 acres of land and three 
beautiful residences, cattle, sheep, and 
fine horses. For nearly twelve years he 
was under the Queen of England as a 
magistrate, making as high as five hun- 
dred dollars a day. 

Some years later a panic swept 
through the country and he lost nearly 
all his money. He then left Ireland and 
came to America, and gradually lost the 

Discouraged and broken-hearted he 
began to drink, hoping to find conso- 
lation in time of trouble. He was 
drunk almost constantly for ten years 
every hour of which he was sinking 
lower and lower. Dropsy and rheuma- 
tism began to eat at his vitality. He 
stopped people on the street and asked 
for a nickel to get a bed ; picked from 
the gutter short pieces of cigars which 
passers-by had discarded; and sang 
Irish songs in saloons for whiskey and 


The Missionary Visitor 


lunches. He grew so weak and nerv- 
ous that he could not raise a glass to 
his lips. 

In this condition, having delirium 
tremens, he was taken to the county hos- 
pital, where he was strapped to a bed. 
From here he was sent to the almshouse. 
After convalescing sufficiently he was 
allowed to leave this place, only to re- 
sume drinking. In a short time he was 
again a wreck and so tired of life that 
one night he started to the river to end 
his miserable existence. But for some 
reason he found his way into a little 

~His limbs were swollen to almost 
double their natural size ; body aching 
with rheumatism ; system filled with 
whiskey, and he was covered with filth, 
vermin and rags. 

Some consecrated women gathered 
about him in prayer. With difficulty he 
got to his knees and asked the Lord to 
save him or kill him, — including a 
promise to do his part. 

The next morning, with seven pennies 
and a prayer for help, he started in. a 
new life. Disease, vermin, rags, appe- 
tite for drink, were gone. He was 66 
when this happened; he is now 75. 
During these years he has gone to pris- 
ons, saloons, hospitals, etc., telling the 
lost of the Lord. 

It has been my privilege to associate 
with him for some years. He has tasted 

of that which the world offers both of 
its best and its worst, with all their ac- 
companiments. With all this, at the 
end of 66 years, without God, life was 
a failure. For nine years, with just the 
necessities of life, minus the sin, he has 
been walking in the right and has had 

May those who read these lines see 
that real lasting pleasure and satisfac- 
tion are found in the Christian life, and 
those who are engaged in winning souls 
at home or abroad see again the won- 
derful power of God, that takes the low- 
est wrecks and makes men and women 
of them. 

Christ told His disciples He would 
give them power. There is no limit to 
the possibilities of a consecrated Chris- 
tian worker. 

To see the work of God in lives like 
the one in this narrative is wonderful 
to me, but a more striking illustration 
of what the Lord can do is seen in an 
aged saint who gave his life to Christ 
in. youth and by Divine help has stood 
and withstood the storms of time. One 
such, who has been kept from the rav- 
ages of sin, perhaps has more for 
which to be grateful than the one who, 
when his light was almost extinguished, 
has been snatched from death and de- 

3435 V an Buren Street, Chicago. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Editor. 

THE Mission Rooms oftentimes 
these days are receiving requests 
from our people, in congrega- 
tions, Sunday-schools, Christian Work- 
ers' Societies, organized classes, pri- 
mary departments, and other organiza- 
tions, asking for channels of definite 
support through which they can expend 
their money on the foreign field. We 
cheerfully answer all of these letters, 
and only wish that there were more of 
our people likewise moved with com- 
passion for the souls that sit in great 
darkness. As a consequence of these 
many letters we have assigned for defi- 
nite support a good share of the or- 
phans, boarding-school scholars, native 
schools, and native workers to indi- 
viduals or individual organizations for 

Edna Fearl Vaniman, 

Aged 6% Months, Daughter of Brother and 

Sister Ernest Vaniman, China. Her Name 

in Chinese Is " Righteous Goodness." 

their financial support. We do not have 
many left of all these. If we did have, 
it would be but a short time until all 
would be cared for. 

In like manner, on a larger scale, the 
missionaries in both India and China 
are under support by local organizations, 
and only the Graybills in Sweden and 
the Wines in Denmark are not assigned 
for support. Up to the present time we 
had not mentioned their names for sup- 
port, as we have been a little undecided 
as to what the basis of their support 
should be. We shall be glad to assign 
them to any who may desire to support 
them, at the same rate as those mis- 
sionaries in India and China. 

But that is apart from the subject of 
what we intended to say. 

There is in Denmark, India, and Chi- 
na quite a number of children of our 
missionaries that must be clothed and 
fed, and with two exceptions, up to the 
present time none of these children has 
been assigned for support. They have 
always been cared for by the General 
Mission Board. They could be assigned 
to local organizations, and in that man- 
ner the work of missions could be ad- 

Not all the mission work in the for- 
eign land is done by adults. Many are 
the lessons that the heathen parents 
must learn, that would go untaught were 
it not for the babies in the homes of the 
missionaries — for the saddest pictures 
that missionaries paint for us portray 
the lack of care for the childhood of 
their country. Child-marriages, neglect 
of proper food, lack of thought for 
sanitation, ignorance in the treatment of 
childish complaints, the position of 
girlhood — all these points, with indelible 
lessons, are brought home to heathen 
parent hearts through the daily care of 


The Missionary Visitor 


the little ones in the families of our mis- 
sionaries. And silently such lessons are 
raising the position of childhood in 
many heathen homes. 

These children must have food and 
raiment and education. We owe it to 
the parents, whom We as a church have 
sent forth to labor among these needy 
folk. We know that the wealth of our 
church will willingly assist in caring 
wisely for them. But the immediate 
place where we may help is in assuming 
the support of one or more of these chil- 
dren. We might name them all for you, 
but we hardly think that is necessary 
just now. You have met them in the 
Visitor pages before. But there are the 
children of the Brights and Crumpack- 
ers and Brubakers and Vanimans and 
Florys in China, of Wines in Denmark, 
of Stovers and Rosses and Emmerts and 
Pittengers and Ebys and Holsopples 

and Arnolds and Ebeys and Longs in 
India — all of these, with a very few ex- 
ceptions, that would like for you to 
support them. The General Board is 
now doing it from its general fund, and 
gladly. But why can it not be done by 
the primary departments of our schools, 
or our Sunday-schools, or by our other 
organizations in which the children are 
represented? Thus will the childhood 
of America be drawn to the missionary 
childhood of our foreign fields in a way 
that otherwise they may not. Those 
abroad and those at home will grow to- 
gether into a compact missionary whole, 
that on the morrow will engage the 
task of missions in a way that we know 
not of at present. 

We shall be only too glad to hear 
from any of our people who may have a 
desire to suport one or more of these 


J. F. Graybill. 

A NUMBER have responded to our 
call through the Visitor and the 
Messenger for a donation to our 
relief fund to help lighten the burden of 
the many poor in our city. As stated 
before, it is customary for churches and 
benevolent societies to clothe poor chil- 
dren at Christmas, so that there may be 
cause for rejoicing in their little hearts. 
This year they have not been able to do 
as much as other years, because of not 
having the means. The European war 
has increased the cost of living very 
nearly one-third. This makes the con- 
dition no better for the poor. 

During the year we have received 
from members and friends in the States 
$162.50, which in Swedish currency is 
495.54 kroner. Of this amount $50 has 
come from one brother, $40 from one 
aid society, $25 from one congregation, 

and $15 from a brother and his wife. 
We received $5 from a family in the 
Baptist church, who evidently is more 
interested in our work than many of our 
own members. May the Lord bless all 
givers, but upon these Baptist friends 
we pray a special blessing. A full re- 
port of the donators to our relief work 
will appear with our annual report of 
the work in Sweden. 

Forty-five children received clothes, 
from head to foot, with the exception of 
headgear. Several others got some ar- 
ticles of clothing. It was no little un- 
dertaking, but the joy it afforded was 
worth all the hard work. Eld. Anders- 
son, who has been associated with the 
Church of the Brethren for more than 
twenty-five years, exclaimed, " This was 
the best and most influential work in the 
history of the mission in Sweden." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Children Clothed by Brethren Mission, Malmo, Dec. 18, 1914. 

The evening of Dec. 18 was a happy- 
time, not only for the children, 
clothes, and the parents who were fed, 
but for the members and friends who as- 
sisted in this noble work. I wish those 
on the other side of the great deep might 
have had the privilege of being present 
to see the heart respond through the 
eyes. The best we can do to give you a 
little idea is by a flashlight photo, which 
I am sorry is not better. A few of the 
children were not present when the pic- 
ture was taken. 

The little girl with folded hands in 
the front row, who is lame, took me by 
the hand and said she wanted to intro- 
duce me to her mother. She seemed 
to be so glad to have her mother present. 
Father she has none. He has left the 
mother with four children to support 

Over one hundred poor were fed this 
evening. The entire cost of clothing the 
children and feeding these poor was 
569.88 kroner. Of this amount 230.01 
kroner was raised among members and 
friends in Sweden. The balance has 
come from liberal givers in the States, 
and is an answer to prayer for means 
to help the poor. The poor we have al- 
ways with us, and we can do them good 
when we will if we have the means to 
do so. Our treasury for this line of 
work is nearly exhausted. Dear brother 
and sister, when the Lord so richly 
blesses you, remember those who are 
not favored as you are. All gifts will 
be gratefully received and reported in 
the Visitor. 

Malmo, Sweden, Jan. 13. 

I need to be purified, fitted for the eternal. I need to be made more like my 
blessed Savior, to serve my God with all my powers. Look upon me, Spirit of the 
living God, and supply all Thou seest lacking. — Livingstone. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Anna N. Crumpacker. 

THE year 1914 has passed into his- 
tory. We can not help but look 
at the past sometimes. We often 
think there is so little done; at other 
times everything seems bright and hope- 
ful. Ping Ting Station was opened. in 
June, 1910. Liao was opened in June, 
1912. We often think of our first Sun- 
day service. It was held in what we use 
at present for our family dining-room. 
The old servant went out with a bell 
and rang it and invited the people in, 
but the room was not filled. As the 
months rolled by, so often the minister 
stopped in the sermon and politely asked 
some one to wait till after service to 
smoke, or to please keep quiet till the 
service was over; and then so few were 
on time and stayed till service was over. 
And how could they? They had no 
watches, and many had never heard of 
a meeting that began and closed at a 
definite time. 

Then we think of the Christmas serv- 
ice this year. The audience room at the 
Boys' School was filled. Business men, 
the city official and his heads of depart- 
ments, the middle school, besides so 
many, many others. They were jammed 
into the room; even standing space was 
all utilized, but there were over three 
hundred men there and the women as- 
sembled in the women's compound and 
there were more than a hundred there. 
Two services had to be held, one for the 
city schoolgirls and the other for the 
women. No place to accommodate all 
at once. 

At Liao the women assembled in a 
courtyard and had a number of char- 
coal fires to warm by. There were over 
a hundred, counting the women and the 
children over three years old. How one 
can go on with renewed hope as one 
sees the new light in the faces of those 

who have come to know a little of the 
love of Jesus ! 

Building operations will be going on 
at both stations during the coming sum- 
mer. Bro. Bright is rapidly collecting 
materials for the building of the Boys' 
School at Liao. Lumber yards are rare 
in our part of China, so the lumber is 
bought in the forest. The rocks are 
hewn from the hillside, so the process of 
getting material is a long, tedious one. 

At Ping Ting some land has been 
bought, but we still do not have what is 
needed. Prices are being talked, and we 
are expecting that a bargain can be made 
about the time of the Chinese New 
Year. Ping Ting wants to build a 
Girls' School and a house for the single 
ladies. Most of all we want a church- 
house. A very suitable piece of land 
has already been purchased for that, but 
no funds are appropriated for the build- 
ing. At present our Sunday-school is 
held at three different hours at four 
compounds. The necessity of keeping 
the men and women separated makes 
our problem a hard one. Should the 
churchhouse be built on the plot of 
ground as planned both the boys' school- 
building and the girls' building could be 
used for Sunday-school rooms. How 
earnestly we are praying the Heavenly 
Father to give to these people this much- 
needed place for worship ! 

The silk industry at Chefoo is serious- 
ly injured by the war in Europe. The 
sales have fallen off to such a great ex- 
tent and the prices are so low that many 
of the firms will be ruined financially. 

A new flour mill has been erected at 
Shanghai. The buildings are five stories 
high. We are wondering what effect it 
will have on us here. Many foreigners 
use flour imported from Seattle. In our 
interior home we have never used any- 


The Missionary Visitor 


thing but the whole wheat flour ground 
by the native stone mills. We pay about 
two cents gold a pound for this. 

There is to be motor car service be- 
tween Kalgan and Doronor, Mongolia. 
The road extends 400 Chinese miles. A 
French expert is to survey the route. 
The capital has been subscribed and 
work is to commence in the spring. 

Dec. 21 a meeting was called to rec- 
ommend a law for the election of Pres- 
ident of the republic. Some one has 
proposed that the term of service be ten 
years, but Yuan Shi Kai thinks that 
too long. It is generally thought that 

the French system will be used, though 
slightly altered. 

A rather gratifying condition seems 
to exist between the officers of the re- 
public and the Manchus. It has re- 
cently been suggested that some of the 
Manchus be given government work. 
That some of them have ability can not 
be questioned, and if they can be .in- 
duced to use such ability for the ad- 
vancement of the republic the step 
would be a great one. Yuan Shi Kai 
recently entertained the former Man- 
chu Emperor. 


Emma Horning. 

JUST a Christmas story from across 
the ocean, where the precious Child 
is so new to all. Imagine the charm 
of hearing it for the first time, and think 
of telling it to those who have not heard 
it before, which pleasure I have nearly 
every day. But oh, what they have 
missed all their life, and now a few are 
just beginning to receive a little of the 
joy ! I know you will be glad to know 
what we did this Christmas, so I will 
tell you a little about it. 

Some time ago we had a meeting of 
the members and took a collection. Last 
year we spent most of our effort on the 
poor of the city, but this time we did 
most for the other class. We decided to 
put Testaments into all the good shops 
of the city. They are open to the street 
and public gathering places, so they will 
reach more people there than any other 
place. We had invitations printed, in- 
viting all to the services Christmas 
morning. Then the day before these 
were sent to all the shops, schools, and 

We had them come to the chapel in 
the' Boys' School, that being the largest 

place we have, but it is much too small, 
for several hundred came and some 
stood up and some went away. The 
services lasted two hours — three men 
speaking on the birth of Christ and the 
results. The official was there with his 
cabinet ; also the teachers of the Govern- 
ment Schools and many of the pupils. 
After the services were over some asked 
to buy Bibles. The next day we sent 
out 175 Testaments to these people. 
May God bless every one of them. We 
gave the official a full Bible, bound in 
leather. He presented us with $40, 
Mexican, for medical work. 

This was only for the men. We wom- 
en had ours separate. The morning be- 
fore Christmas we decorated the three 
chapels — the Girls' School, the Boys' 
School and the Women's. We had no 
place big enough for the Government 
School girls and the other women, so we 
had services for the school this after- 
noon, giving the girls each a Christmas 
card and the teachers a Testament. 
Some seventy crowded into the little 
schoolroom. The children liked it so 
well that they wanted to come back the 


The Missionary Visitor 


next day, but they did not let them, and 
it was good they did not, for they could 
not have gained admittance. But the 
teachers themselves came. 

On Christmas Eve was the time for 
the pupils of our schools. First we went 
to the Girls' School. They played some 
games ; then we gave them their sack of 
things — a pear, a couple of sticks of 
candy, several nuts, some cakes, and a 
lead pencil. Some dressed dolls were 
sent to us from Chicago. These we al- 
so gave to the children. Such delight ! 
Wish you could have seen them kiss and 
hug them as if they were real babies. 
Since then they have been very busy 
making extra clothes for them. To sev- 
eral of the oldest girls we gave pretty 

After this we went to the Boys' 
School and showed them pictures of the 
birth of Christ and post cards of Ameri- 
ca through the reflectoscope. It is 
working very well now, and the pic- 
tures were very beautiful. Then we 
gave them their treat of a sack of things. 

We also gave each one a scarf made of 
dark outing flannel. They like them so 
well they wear them indoors and out. It 
it pathetic to see how little it takes to 
make them happy. 

Christmas morning we had the wom- 
en's meeting at the same time as the 
men's. They kept coming and coming 
till there was not an inch of standing 
room except around the stove, where it 
was too hot. Over a hundred were 
packed in the little room. Four of our 
women, who have learned to read, read 
the Christmas story from Matthew and 
Luke. They also talked about it a little. 
Several of us, also, talked, and we all 
sang a number of hymns. But nothing 
held their attention like those old wom- 
en being able to read. There is a num- 
ber now that read the Bible. The serv- 
ices lasted two hours, and still they were 
in no hurry to go. We gave them all 

This is just a bit of the story. The 
depth can not be told. 


(James 5: 16.) 

I can not tell why there should come to 
A thought of some one miles and miles 
In swift insistence on the memory, 

Unless a need there be that I should 

Too hurried oft are we to spare the 

For days together, of some friends away; 
Perhaps God does it for us, and we ought 

To read His signal as a call to pray. 

Perhaps, just then, my friend has fiercer 
And more appalling weakness and decay 
Of courage, darkness, some lost sense of 

And so, in case he needs my prayer, I 


Friend, do the same for me. If I intrude 
Unasked upon you, on some crowded 

Give me a moment's prayer as interlude: 
Be very sure I need it, therefore pray. 

And when you pray, dear friend, I ask of 
That thou will seek of God not mine 
own way; 
Not what I want, but His blest thought 
for me, 
Do thou through Jesus Christ implore, 
I pray. 

— Selected. 

"If a few men of our generation will enter the holy place of prayer and 
become henceforth men whose hearts God has touched with the prayer passion, 
the history of His church will be changed." 


The Missionary Visitor 



G. B. R. 

I AM still on the invalid list and not 
able to leave my room much. 
When my children were given to 
me I decided that I would never do 
anything to prevent any or all of them 
from becoming missionaries, even if it 
would break my heart to give them up. 
I do not know how many will be called 
to the foreign field, but I hope and 
pray that all will be loyal workers for 
Christ wherever their lot may be cast. 
And though my heart will ache when 
they leave me I know it will not break, 
for I have had enough of the bitter of 
life to learn, 'As thy day so shall thy 
strength be.' I have much to be thank- 
ful for. My heart ached when I learned 
there were so few to go this fall and 
the demand so great. It made me feel 
like getting out of bed and going my- 

Thus wrote a Christian mother, who 
has known the pangs of physical suf- 
fering as but few have. Her children 
are in school preparing for missionary 
service. Two have registered with 
the Mission Board that they are look- 
ing towards the foreign field when 
they are done with their preparation. 
The mother's letter, of which the 
above is a part, accompanied the reg- 
istry of the children. 

The Lord be praised for such moth- 
ers! It means more for the invalid 
mother, who has had the constant at- 
tention of her children, to see them go 
from her than for the ones who have 
been able to care for themselves and 

the children too. Maybe here is the 
secret. Rugged mothers, who have al- 
ways served their children, want to 
keep them because they have lived for 
and have served them; while invalid 
mothers, like this one, are ready to give 
them up, not because they have not 
appreciated the much-needed service, 
but because the mothers have received 
it and, counting themselves little, are 
glad to give their children for the serv- 
ice of thg Lord. Anyhow, whatever 
the reason, it does seem strange that 
an invalid mother would write this 
way from her humble home, and an- 
other mother, rugged and hearty, with 
plenty of this world's goods, should 
berate the Board and the school where 
her son attended for a few terms, for 
turning his head from making money 
to a desire to waste his life, if need 
be, on some lonely desert. The one is 
a heroine of the Lord ; the other is a 
servant of this world, looking not to 
the blessed reward in the world to 
come, nor to the good to be accom- 
plished here on earth. 

Behind the curtain of the home, 
within the prayer closet, on the tear- 
moist pillow, in the secrets of the 
nighttime, the heroines of the Lord 
fight the battles of self, and the Lord 
makes them willing to give up nobly 
for Him and His cause. Blessed be 
the mothers who rear their little ones 
for the Lord; blessed be the children 
who do not disappoint their mothers 
in their service for the Master! 

Hold fast to the Bible as the sheet anchor of your liberties! Write its precepts 
in your hearts, and practice them in your lives. — Ulysses S. Grant. 

To the Bible men will return, and why? Because they can not do without it. — 
• Matthew Arnold. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Leander Smith. 

WHAT I am going to say is com- 
monplace, and therefore needs 
to be repeated over and over 
again. The truths which everybody 
concedes must be vitally and funda- 
mentally true. If we do these five fa- 
miliar, but not easy, things, we are as 
sure to succeed as God is faithful to 
His Word. % 

not formally, nor indifferently, nor 
lazily, nor easily, but earnestly and lov- 
ingly and agonizingly, and with some- 
what of the strong crying and tears 
which characterized our Blessed Lord as 
He wrought out the redemption of our 
souls. Such praying will cause to 

all that is little and mean and common- 
place in us. We will crucify that which 
is selfish and be made alive to that which 
is sacrificial. We pastors are not ready 
to lead our people into that which is 
large until we ourselves have died to 
that which is small. Springing up out 
of the fires of such communion and self- 
crucifixion will be the needed 

Indeed, it will be sent down from 
heaven. This plan, brother pastors, will 
be exactly suited to fit the needs of 
every peculiar field, with all its special 
burdens. When God makes a call, as 
I believe He is doing now in our mis- 
sion work, He will never fail to give the 
proper and effective plan to the man 
who earnestly and with faith comes and 
asks for it. 

I speak with confidence out of a num- 
ber of such personal experiences. I say 
it to the praise of His name. Never 
have I earnestly prayed, with a willing- 

ness to throw myself into the work, 
without finding God willing to lead to 
a great victory. Brethren, we can trust 
God. But, after God gives the plan, 
then, with all our energy and power, 
we must 


to carry out the plan. Many things can 
be done in preparing the hearts of the 
people. Nothing, perhaps, is better than 
praying with the individuals and in 
groups, and as you pray and counsel to- 
gether the Holy Spirit will bring all in- 
to harmony with God's plan and purpose 
in the offering, both for themselves and 
the church. Do not be afraid to sug- 
gest large and sacrificial offerings, and 
trust the Holy Spirit to take care of 
the results. Then get others to go to 
those whom they can influence. A 
warm, loving letter is also a fine method 
of getting the people ready. But, 
though God Himself give the plan and 
we make abundant, preparation, yet if 
we fail to 

in carrying it out with strong faith in 
God and proper courage, holding on till 
we get the victory, we shall fall short. 
Many opportunities for a great victory 
have been lost largely because the lead- 
er lost his courage at the critical time, 
or failed to push the work long and 
persistently enough. These qualities of 
courage and persistency often turn a 
seeming defeat into victory. And then, 
after the offering is taken, it can some- 
times be very greatly increased by going 
to those who were not present. The 
goal should be a worthy offering from 
every member of the church in the 
Brotherhood. Let persistent gleaning 


The Missionary Visitor 


be made, clear out into the fence corners 
and along the ditches; let no one be 

If all the ministers in the Brotherhood 
would make a united effort to increase 

our mission funds, what glorious vic- 
tory surely would be ours ! 

I am yours in the great forward 
movement in the Master's work. 

Elk City, Okla. 


Selected by A. G. Crosswhite. 

Bro. Crosswhite, who has taken the examination on " Christian Heroism " and received 

his diploma, sends these sayings in the hope that others may be 

induced to take up mission study work. 

" I have no fears ; I have no doubts ; 
I have not a wish left unsatisfied." 

God's reaches are long. Through His 
forming there came forth among the 
English-speaking people of two hemis- 
pheres two great governments — Great 
Britain and the United States. 

He was precisely fitted to the posi- 
tion he was called to fulfill. His cau- 
tion, his common sense, his soundness 
of judgment never failed him, and the 
result was that he never had to take a 
backward step. 

All our good work will be found, 
there is no doubt of that. All I am 
afraid of is that our good work will 
amount to little when it is found. 

" Oh, this is so restful ; I feel as if 
I could sleep so well for such a long 
time." Again, " It is a precious thing 
to serve the Lord. I have never known 
such joy in life as God has mercifully 
granted me these last few months." 

" I have been able to bear trials, but 
to be surrounded by loving, weeping 
friends, from whom I was literally tear- 
ing myself away, was too much for me." 

" In what land I am most needed, 
there is my home." 

" I had obtained my highest wish, 
but was surprised that I had grasped a 
shadow." He was pointed out as " the 
man who never lost an hour." 

He realized to a greater degree than 
most men what it is to live in Christ, 
and to him His presence was very real, 
and true and constant. 

With fine sensibilities, reared in ten- 
der surroundings, always active and 
pushing, no one can imagine what en- 
durance he was called upon to exercise 
in the twenty-one months of prison life, 
much of the time in. fetters. 

" He had four mother-tongues he 
used when needed, and he had learned 
to be silent in six languages," when he 
thought it best to wait in patience the 
development of his ideals. 

" All I can add in my loneliness is, 
May Heaven's richest blessing come 
down on every one — American, English, 
Turk — who will help to heal this open 
sore of the world. And the Cross turns 
not back." 


The Missionary Visitor 



J. K. Miller. 

I HAVE very little love," said a 
brother the other day, " for the 
Italian." In reply I inquired if he 
had lately read the tenth chapter of 
Acts. It may be as big a revelation to 
some more folks as it was to him, to 
learn that the very first Gentile that was 
baptized into the church was " Cornelius, 
the Italian." 

I have lived amongst the Italians now 
for fourteen years. Their children and 
our children are -in the same schools. 
They play together in the streets. The 
Italian is here to make America his 
home because we invited him to our 
shores. Hear me ! I have but one plea 
to make for him. It is this : Let us, as 
servants of the Master, look at the needy 
Italian through the eyes of the sym- 
pathizing Christ. 

Whether we know it or not, we have a 
grave responsibility upon our hands. We 
have permitted, in the last ten years, two 
and one-half million Italian people to 
come and seek homes amongst us. To- 
day we have more Italians in Greater 
New York City than in ALL Rome it- 
self. And what is being done for them? 
In a colony of 8,000 Italians, the Gen- 
eral Mission Board has opened a mis- 
sion. The first man we baptized was 
John G. Caruso. You can now find his 
name on page 42 in the Ministerial list 
of the " Almanac." We often speak of 
him as " Bro. Cornelius." The Lord 
has laid the burden of his people upon 
his heart. Some thirty have been bap- 
tized. The Sunday-school has grown to 
about 185. From thirty to sixty adults 
remain for the preaching of the Word. 
Our Churchhouse Problem. 
Slowly this is being solved. We have 

purchased a property with a small frame 
building upon it. With this, and a hall 
adjoining us, we are trying to handle the 
Italian Sunday-school. The hall rent is 
$30 per month. I have this confidence 
in you who read these lines, that you will 
place at least a dollar bill in an envelope 
and mail it to the General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111., and say that this con- 
secrated gift is for the erection of the 
First Brethren Italian Mission Church 
in our land. Send in your gifts and 
watch the fund grow. Keep your eye 
on the May number of the Missionary 
Visitor, for a full report. 

The Religious Problem. 

The Italians are naturally a religious 
people. The Church of Rome has lost 
its grip upon many. Hence, evangeliz- 
ing the Italian does not mean proselyt- 
ing, but winning him for Christ and 
righteousness. Our work is really 
" foreign mission work " at home. In- 
deed, we find many who are as ignorant 
of the fundamentals of religion as the 
heathen themselves. To you who are 
interested in the real needs of the home 
mission problem, here is your challenge ! 
In one of our public schools we have 
thirty different nationalities. What an 
opportunity for world-wide mission 
work ! Will you enter the open door ? 

Watch the Missionary Visitor, and 
see the Italian Building Fund grow. 
Are you one of a thousand who will 
help to make it grow ? Be a chosen ves- 
sel for Him and place your gift into His 
hand for this needy work. To His 
name be all the glory! 

J5# Sixtieth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

In the interests of Mariolatry, or at least without the protest of the dominant 
church, there is, in South America, an ethical status more detrimental to pure morals 
and more dishonoring to Christ than is found in open paganism^ — Kinsolving. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Thy word have I 
hid in my heart- 

That I mifeht not 
Sin against thee?Psall9 : U. I 

JL*t fet^ rOgtttttflU of faithfulness in memorizing the Word of God. 

and of devotion to Him, this Certificate is hereby awarded to 

and by virtue of this Certificate 


3n ®rHtimona B^n-iif. we have hereunto set our names, this, 
day of ig 



The Editor. 

AT different times the Visitor has 
mentioned the Bible Memory 
League and has printed letters or 
articles from those who have joined it. 
Now at last we are able to make an an- 
nouncement regarding the certificate 
that we shall offer to those who join the 
league and complete at least one year 
of work. Not only do we make an- 
nouncement, but we give herewith an 
exact reproduction of this pretty certif- 
icate. In its original form it is 10x13 
inches in size, printed on good paper and 
suitable for framing. 

This certificate of award is supplied to 
those who faithfully memorize one verse 
of Scripture daily for one year; or, 
should they fail in doing so for a few 
days, providing they make up the same; 

but the desire is that the work be done 
daily. Upon completion of the first 
year's work, and sending us ten cents, 
we will supply the member with a copy 
of this certificate with his name entered 
and properly signed by the officers of the 
league. Then upon that member com- 
pleting the second year and notifying us 
of the fact, along with four cents in 
postage, we shall supply him with a seal, 
and the same the next year, and so on 
until all the twelve years are completed. 
By that time, if that person has faithful- 
ly kept up the memorizing of Scripture, 
he will possess a fund of Bible knowl- 
edge that will magnificently equip him 
with strength to combat the temptations 
that Satan throws in his path. 

There are some in the league who 


The Missionary Visitor 


have been memorizing Scripture faith- 
fully for the last three or four years. • If 
there are any who have done this and 
fulfilled the requirements of the league 
— and we know there are some — we will, 
upon their notifying us and sending us 
ten cents for the certificate and four 
cents in postage for each seal, send them 
the certificate and all the seals to which 
they are entitled. We shall be glad to 
do this, and shall hope to hear from 

This is a noble work, and a worthy 
undertaking for anyone. Especially 

should Sunday-school superintendents 
and teachers encourage their young peo- 
ple to take up the work while their 
minds are capable of readily memoriz- 
ing. But all the more necessary is it for 
the Christian worker of any age thor- 
oughly to equip himself with a working 
knowledge of the Bible. We shall be 
glad to send out pledges to any who may 
wish to begin the work. It can be done 
at any time. Bro. S. N. McCann, 
Bridgewater, Ya., is president, and 
Sister Anna M. Hively, Elgin, 111., is 
secretary of the league. 


A missionary in China sends a de- 
scription of one phase of the great 
"bloodless revolution" which is today so 
thoroughly gripping that country. The 
occasion was a public queue- cutting. On 
the floor and in the galleries of a large 
tea-house were crowded some 1,500 or 
2,000 people. At one end of the build- 
ing was a platform occupied by those 
already "shorn," who earnestly and vig- 
orously exhorted their brethren to 
"come forward." Out of the audience 
one man at a time made his way to the 
front. When he reached the platform, 
a specially-appointed operator held the 
queue out at full length, while another, 
with a huge pair of shears, snipped it 
off. Rounds of cheers accompanied the 
operation. In another part of the build- 
ing thirty barbers were kept busy serv- 
ing their customers. According to the 
native newspapers, several hundred men 
that night took their homeward way 
with their queues in their hands. 
Through such innovations as this China 
is coming into its new era. — Congrega- 
tionalist and Christian World. 

"One day, as I was entering a village 
far out in the interior of Korea, I met 
a man, who was the native doctor, and a 
woman leading her little girl by the hand. 
The little one was screaming at the top 
of her voice, 'Please don't use the 
needle, please don't use the needle ! ' It 
seems as though I can almost hear her 
screams today. You wonder what that 
needle was, and how it was to be used. 
I hold in my hand a Korean doctor's 
surgical outfit, which consists of five 
needles, varying in size, shape and length 
from three to twelve inches long, which 
are used to pierce the body wherever the 
pain happens to be — in the limbs, the 
abdomen, chest, head, even to the joints 
and eyeball — to let out the pain, to let 
out the disease, the bad blood, to let the 
devils out — for they think diseases are 
caused by devils. It was fear that the 
doctor would use this long needle that 
made the little girl cry so. This is what , 
they call the 'Wha Chim,' or the 'Fire 
Needle,' which is used especially for ab- 
dominal purposes. They heat it red- 
hot, and of course the doctor is sup- 
posed to know how far it ought to go." 
— The Foreign Mission Journal. 

Beware of seeming truths that grow on the roots of error. — Tuffin. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Our Volunteer Mission Band at pres- 
ent numbers twenty. I think that it can 
be truly said of all these that they are 
in earnest and have the cause of Christ 
at heart. We believe that each one is 
willing to do his share of the world's 
work, however small or great it may be. 

We meet each Thursday evening for 
about thirty minutes in special prayer 
and consecration service. In these meet- 
ings we pray for definite things. Dur- 
ing the first three months of the school 
year we studied some of the problems 
that confront our home churches, mak- 
ing these ^problems the burden of our 
prayers. At present we are studying 
some of the different phases of work in 
the foreign field, and are now making 
the foreign field the burden of our 
prayers. This brings the foreign field 
closer to our hearts, and keeps us in 
touch with some of her needs. Nearly all 
of the members have signed the declara- 
tion card, and quite a number are pre- 
paring definitely for the foreign field. 
We thank God for this spirit of self- 
sacrifice and complete surrender. Oh ! 
we need more volunteers, more men and 
women who are willing to hear the cry 
of the prophet, " Here am I, Lord, send 
me." God grant that we may have 

A life of service is what God means 
for all of us to live, and if we hope to 
live such lives for our blessed Master it 
means sacrifice — voluntary, whole- 
hearted sacrifice. There is real joy in 
willingly sacrificing our lives for the 
One Who gave His only Begotten Son to 
bleed and die upon Calvary that we 
through His death and suffering might 
have eternal life. When we think of 
His suffering and sacrifice, does it not 

make us more willing to sacrifice our 
lives for His cause and glory? It may 
mean to forsake father, mother, home 
and friends, but let us be ready to give 
our lives willingly that we may gain a 
richer reward in heaven. 

Juniata Volunteer Band. 

What is the Abundant Life in Christ 
Jesus? Have you experienced it? 


The call that the Master is con- 
stantly giving to His servants is too 
often regarded as "special," shrouded 
with something mysterious or mirac- 
ulous, that sets it apart as distinct 
from other experiences of life. Many 
Christians are not so ready to receive 
a call to spiritual service as they are to 
receive calls to other activities of life, 
because they think that the call to spir- 
itual service is different from other calls, 
and indeed it is, inasmuch as Christian- 
ity is different from secular callings of 
life. But anyone who has truly been 
born of His Spirit ought to realize a 
call by that same Spirit. In that human 
nature has remained the same, God's 
call to men has remained practically the 
same throughout the ages. That which 
sets apart the Christian call from all 
other calls is the blessed experience that 
comes to the one who has truly entered 
into His service and thus receives the 

But some one asks the question, 
" How may I know the Master's call ? " 
It ought to be, and I believe is, put into 
the heart of every Christian, that God is 
calling him into His service. We have 
not been as responsive to His call as we 
should have been, and we soon begin to 


The Missionary Visitor 


think that there is no call. The " Go ye " 
was given to no special class of Chris- 
tians. But from the lips of the Master 
the call has come to all, and the echo of 
that call should be our following. We 
often wonder into what particular field 
He wants us to go,' but in this, too, we 
may have His direction. 

In the first place, we should recognize 
the " Go ye," and then seek to have our 
wills in harmony with our Father's will 
for us. That is, whatever our desires 
may be, if the Spirit should direct oth- 
erwise we would gladly yield to His 
leading with the words of our Example : 
" Xot My will but Thine be done." 
His Word and His Spirit bear record of 
Him. They always agree, and there- 
fore we should seek the guidance of the 
Spirit in harmony with the Word. It is 
also in harmony with Christian expe- 
rience and the Word that the hand of 
God has much to do in shaping the 
present affairs of His children. There- 
fore, we should note the providential cir- 
cumstances and in them see the leading 
of His hand. Above all things else we 
should " seek " that we might " find." 
Or, in other words, appropriate the 
privilege of prayer and " Ye shall find." 
With these conditions of humility, trust, 
and activity, if we will only wait before 
Him and not act in hastiness, God's plan 
for us will open and we can spend a life 
in service for Him. G. L. Wine. 

N. Manchester, Ind. 

Perhaps you got all of Christ when 
you were baptised, but did Christ get 
all of you? 


The great world's heart is aching, aching 
fiercely in the night, 

And God alone can heal it, and God alone 
give light; 

And the men to bear that message, and to 
speak the living word, 

Are 3 r ou and I, my brothers, and the mil- 
lions that have heard. 

Can we close our eyes to duty? Can we 

fold our .hands at ease, 
While the gates of night stand open to the 

pathways of the seas? 
Can we shut up our compassion? Can we 

leave our prayer unsaid 
Till the lands which sin has blasted have 

been quickened from the dead? 

We grovel among trifles and our spirits 

fret and toss, 
While above us burns the vision of the 

Christ upon the cross; 
And the blood of God is streaming from 

His broken hands and side, 
And the lips of God are saying, " Tell My 

brothers I have died." 

O Voice of God, we hear Thee above the 
shocks of time, 

Thine echoes roll around us, and the mes- 
sage is sublime; 

Xo power of man shall thwart us, no 
stronghold shall dismay 

When God commands obedience and love 
has led the way. 

— Frederick George Scott. 

I am satisfied with Jesus. Is He 
satisfied with me? 


Goldie Swartz. 

Our Lord at one time said, " Say 
not ye, there are yet four months, 
and then cometh the harvest ? " These 
words bear a message of special im- 
port to the Student Volunteer. We 
may see about us every day the needy 
and the ready whom we may help, if 
we but lift our eyes as Jesus suggested. 
Sometimes, after hearing a stirring 
missionary address by a returned 
worker, we allow our vision of useful- 
ness to be transported into the future, 
and our interests so absorbed in the 
certain field to which we feel called 
that we become blind to the occasions 
of rendering service at the present, 
while in preparation. If we permit the 
needs elsewhere, while we are fitting 


The Missionary Visitor 


ourselves to meet them, to cause us 
to overlook opportunities here of lifting 
a soul to a higher plane, I fear that our 
training is more theoretical than prac- 
tical and is devoid of a most essential 
phase of our preparation. The real 
adequate training for a Volunteer, ei- 
ther for home or for foreign missions, 
is that in which new truth as it comes 
is passed on and tested out with those 
whom our lives touch. The blessed 
experiences of salvation and consecra- 
tion, in which we rejoice, we should 
desire to make the joy of all others. 

In other words, if we are not active 
in soul-winning while in our prepara- 
tion in the homeland, it is certain that 
merely passing over a broad expanse 
of waters will not make us such. If we 
say we have no time to speak to people 
in regard to the condition of their souls 
now, but will wait until we get out in- 
to active service and then give our 
whole time and attention to the saving 
of souls, how awkward will be our be- 
ginning and how crippled will be our 
effort throughout life! Dear Volun- 
teers, since this is to be our great work 
in the world, let us be active, that our 
training may be the most adequate and 

The saving of souls is the one thing 
of intrinsic and eternal worth. No dif- 
ference in which of our schools we may 
be, or even if we are at home, all have 
occasions to be active. Here in Chi- 
cago we have opportunities which 
some of you do not have, and you have 
others which are not ours. The point 
is this — be active and responsive wher- 
ever you are. "All the Volunteers at 
Bethany, and every other student as 
well, are engaged in some line of spir- 
itual service. Some are in rescue work. 
For more than a year, several times 
each week, services have been held on 
the street near the Hastings Street 
church, consisting of songs, testimo- 
nies, and short gospel messages. Thus 
dealing with all classes of people, na- 

tive and foreign, concerned and indif- 
ferent, the youth just starting the 
downward road and the old hardened 
sinner, has been a wonderful help to 
all who are engaged in this work. Not 
only has it been a real practical train- 
ing to those expecting to go out as 
missionaries for Christ, but by thus 
disseminating the knowledge of salva- 
tion several souls have found the Sav- 
ior; and they now also are witnessing 
for Christ. Other students give some 
time to teaching a number of Chinese 
who assemble in the chapel each Sun- 
day evening to study English and the 
Bible. Through this service also pre- 
cious lives, who once bowed down to 
idols, are glorifying Christ. Still other 
students spend several evenings each 
week in working with the Jews. A 
night school has been established tor 
them, where they, too, are taught En- 
glish and the Word of God. Although 
it is conceded that the Jews are among 
the peoples most difficult to win to 
Christ, yet they are slowly opening up 
and responding to Christian love and 

Genuine Christian love, as the 
prompting and promoting agency, is 
the secret of effectual work among any 
and all peoples. Now is the opportune 
time to foster and exercise this love 
which, like all other virtues, is intensi- 
fied by action. Loving souls unto win- 
ning them to Christ becomes a habit 
through practice, and is invaluable to 
every worker in the Master's cause. 
Who is there among us as Volunteers 
who has not many opportunities of 
rendering spiritual service to our fel- 
low-men? Let us lift up our eyes and 
look upon the field, having our ears at- 
tuned to the Spirit of God, that as He 
directs we may seize these opportuni- 
ties and thereby glorify God now, as 
well as increase our efficiency to bear 
Him honor and glory henceforth. 

Bethany Bible School. 


The Missionary Visitor 




A century ago, nearly every country in 
Asia and Africa was closed to the Gospel; 
there were practically no missionaries; now 
there are 22,000 missionaries. 

Then, the Bible had been translated into 
sixty-five languages or dialects; now, into 
more than 500. 

Then, there were contributed a few thou- 
sands of dollars a year; now, $25,000,000. 

Then, there was no native ministry; now, 
nearly 93,000 native pastors, evangelists, etc. 

Then, there were no single women mis- 
sionaries; now, there are over 6,000. 

Then, there were just a few mission 
schools started; now, there are over 30,000 
Protestant schools and colleges. 

Then, there were no mission presses; 
now, there are 160 publishing houses and 
mission presses, and 400 Christian period- 
icals published on the mission-field. 

Then, no Protestant denomination, as 
such, committed to missions, excepting the 
Moravians; now, every respectable denom- 
ination has its missions. 

Then, not a solitary mission or charitable 
institution; now, 400 mission hospitals, and 
over 500 orphanages and asylums. 

Then, Judson. Carey, and Morrison had 
to labor from seven to ten years for a first 
convert; now, there are more than 2,000.000 
Protestant Christians in heathen lands, be- 
sides all who have passed on. — -Dr. H. C. 


vZi\ / 


Matt. 28: 19; Luke 10: 37; John 15, 16. 

About four-and-twenty years ago, on a 
summer day, in the old Commonwealth of 
Virginia, on the eve of my departure for 
Brazil, I was lolling idly over the pages of 
a book, and felt somehow that there were 
two eyes looking at me. As I looked up, I 
saw standing by me a little colored boy 
from ■ mv aunt's plantation, and I said, 
"What is it, John?" 

" They tells me that you's gwine far 
away," he answered in that beautiful negro 
dialect so dear to every Southerner's heart; 
then he asked, "How come you gwine?" 

As I was puzzled to answer the question, 
he plied me with another: 

" Has anybody down dar in Brazil done 
writ for you to come?" 

" No, I never got a letter from Brazil." 
"Has you got any kin-folks down dar?" 
" No, John, I have no relatives who ever 
have seen Brazil." 

" Has you any 'quaintances dar?" 

" No, John, I never saw man, woman, or 
child from that great country." 

"Well, how come you gwine?" 

I looked at the boy seriously, and an- 
swered, " Because my Lord and Master told 
me to go." 

"When did He tell you?" 

" More than nineteen hundred years ago." 

"An' you heard Him?" 

"Well, John, I trust I did." 

" Well, massa, he mus' ah spoke mighty 

Our Lord and Master did speak in trum- 
pet tones those nineteen hundred years ago, 
and commissioned you and me to bear His 
Gospel to those who have it not. — Rev. 
Lucien Kinsolving, Brazil. 



At the Laymen's Missionary Convention 
in Toronto, Dr. Gandier, the new principal 
of Knox College, gave the marks of a mis- 
sionary pastor as follows: 

1. He is intensely interested in missions 
himself. No man can interest others in a 
thing in which he is not himself interested, 
and a congregation soon knows what their 
minister is really interested in. 

2. He regards his whole congregation as 
a missionary society, whose duty and priv- 
ilege it is to spread the Gospel. 

3. He sets and maintains a worthy stand- 
ard of giving. 

4. He gladly obtains and makes use of 
outside help, visiting missionaries and work- 
ers. Some pastors stoutly protect their pul- 
pits from these appeals. They fail to see 
that, if the congregations were brought in- 
to touch with larger things, they would in- 
crease gifts in every direction. 

5. He keeps his congregation in touch 
with movements of the age and sees that 
they are not left out of the providential 
movements of the times. 

6. He introduces the best methods of giv- 


The Missionary Visitor 


7. He has faith in his people and in what 
they can do. In introducing missionary 
work the hindrance is often in the pastor 
and session. When you can get past them 
there is no trouble with the people. 


; i£l 


She lived just inside the Seven Star Gate, 
Pyeng Yang. She was severely persecuted 
by her husband, who tried to keep her away 
from church. He would beat her for going 
to the meetings, but this did not deter her. 
Then he tried binding her, but when he 
released her she attended the services just 
as before. The next Sunday he bound and 
gagged her, and thought that now she was 
surely cured; but the following Sunday she 
again trudged off to the church. This per- 
secution went on for months. During all 
this period she would come to the Wednes- 
day class with such a bright, happy face 
that I never imagined she was suffering ill- 
treatment in her home. When I heard 
about her hardships, I asked her how she 
could endure it. She replied that it was 
because she had constant peace and happi- 
ness in her heart. At length, however, the 
woman had her reward: Her husband also 
became a Christian. Then she was happier 
still, and her face shone with still greater 
joy. — Korea for Christ. 


Tired! Well, what of that? 
Didst fancy life was spent on beds of ease, 
Fluttering the rose-leaves scattered by the 

Come, rouse thee! Work while it is called 

Come, arise! Go forth upon thy way! 

Lonely! And what of that? 
Some must be lonely. 'Tis not given to all 
To feel a heart responsive rise and fall, 
To blend another life into his own; 
Work may be done in loneliness; work on! 

Dark! Well, what of that? 
Didst fondly dream the sun would never 

Dost fear to lose thy way? Take courage 

Learn thou to walk by faith and not by 

sight : 
Thy steps will guided be, and guided right. 

Hard! Well, what of that? 
Didst fancy life one summer holiday,- 
With lessons none to learn, and nought but 

Go, get thee to thy task! Conquer, or die! 
It must be learned! Then learn it patiently. 

No help! Nay, it's not so! 
Though human help be far, thy God is nigh; 
Who feeds the ravens, hears His children's 

He's near thee, whereso'er thy footsteps 

And He will guide thee, light thee, help 
thee home. 

■ — Selected. 



There was a man who went to the Fiji 
Islands, an English earl and an infidel. He 
smiled in a superior manner when he met 
the natives. 

" You are a great chief," he said to one 
of them, " and it is really a pity that you 
have been so foolish as to listen to the 
missionaries. Nobody believes any longer 
in that old Book called the Bible, or in that 
story of Jesus Christ. They have all learned 
better. I am sorry for you, that you have 
been so foolish as to take it in." 

The chief's eyes flashed as he replied, 
"Do you see that great stone over there? 
On that stone we smashed heads of our 
victims to death. Do you see that native 
oven yonder? In that oven we roasted the 
human bodies for our great feasts. Now if 
it hadn't been for the love of Jesus Christ, 
which has changed us from savages into 
God's children, you would never leave this 
spot. You have to thank God for the Gos- 
pel, for without it here we should have 
killed you and roasted you in yonder oven, 
and feasted upon your body in no time." — 
Heroes of the South Seas. 

(Continued from Page 128.) 
Ohio — $16.87. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Castine $ 16 87 

Indiana — $3.00. 

Southern District, Sunday school. 

Beginners' Class, Arcadia 3 00 

Total for the month $ 19 87 

Previously received, 69 45 

For the year so far, $ 89 32 

Maryland — $1 .75. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Wm. H. Swam, $ 1 75 

Total for the month $ 175 

Previously received 26 75 

For the year so far $ 28 50 


The Missionary Visitor 



[About two months after " little Mary," of 
Liao Hsien, China, was laid to rest on the 
hillside overlooking the city, the first snow 
fell on the little mound. The mother gave ex- 
pression to her feelings in the following lines, 
which may help another over the same road. 
Mary Bright, born Peitaiho, June 19, 1912. 
Died Liao Chou, Sept. 11, 1914.— G. B. R.] 

My little one has gone away 
And left me here to stay 

.Empty hands and heart are mine 
And my soul doth oft repine 
For baby. 

Her lovely eyes of deepest blue 
And sunny locks of golden hue 
Are hidden. 

Her prattling tongue and songs of cheer 
Her toddling footsteps, ever near 
Are silent. 

No more she cuddles on my breast, 
Her weary limbs and head to rest 
And slumber. 

Yet I know that I may see 
In that land among the free 
My baby. 

I know I may again caress 
And upon my bosom gently press 
My treasure. 

For she's gone to our home above, 
In the presence of God's love 
To dwell. 

She'll find no pain and suffering there 
To trouble her precious spirit, fair, 
In heaven. 

She has gone to join the heavenly band 
In that pure and lovely land, 
Over there. 

There with the redeemed to sing 
Songs of praises to our King 
And Savior. 

By the eye of faith we see 
Our darling one, so pure and free, 

There, upon His loving breast 
My little one in peace doth rest, 

—Minnie F. Bright, Nov. 11, 1914. 


Kathren Royer Holsopple. 

WELL, well, children, I am so 
glad to see you! You found 
the place all right, didn't you? 
We had such a nice time together at 
Anklesvar last year. I have been 
anxious for you to come to see me at 
Bulsar, and now you are here. This is 
a good day to come, too. You see we 
are going to have all the boys in the Or- 
phanage come in to the bungalow to 
sing this evening. They are very fond 
of music and like to hear our instru- 
ments, which are very different from 
theirs. We have a piano here and they 
are very fond of listening to it. I am 
sure you will enjoy the evening. It is 
just time for them to come now. 

" Salaam, Benjie and Lallu, beso [sit 

" Here are two of the smaller boys. 
There are about twenty little fellows like 
these. You just ought to see them work 
in the garden before and after school ! 
Here is Ajo coming, too. He is such a 
nice, quiet little fellow. His home is 
near Val, where Bro. Lichty lives, but 
he is going to school here. See, here 
are some more coming. I can not tell 
you all of their names, for we will have 
to begin soon. Now the older boys are 
coming. See how nicely they sit in rows 
on the floor. I think they are all here 
now, so we will begin. 

" First we will sing, ' Little Children, 
Praise the Lord.' You can't understand 
the words, but the tune is the same. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sister Holsopple with Small Orphan Boys, Eulsar, India. 

Don't they make it ring, though ! Now 
we will sing one of their own songs with 
an Indian tune. See how they keep time 
to the music with their hands. At first 
I thought that was very strange indeed, 
to have them clap that way when they 
were singing, but now 1 like it. Some- 
times I clap, too. See that little boy 
there ! How he shakes his head and 
swings his body in time to the music ! 
See how perfectly he keeps time. Now 
they are all swinging together. Why, 
you are swinging yourself, and so am I. 
I can't sit still when they sing and swing 
like that. Just see their eyes dance and 
how they are enjoying it! Yes, it is 
pretty loud and different from what we 
are used to in America, but it is their 
kind of music and I think pleases Jesus 
as much as our way, and perhaps more, 
for surely their whole hearts are in it. 
The Bible says, you know, ' Make a 
joyful noise unto the Lord.' 

" Now Pania, this older boy, is going 
to lead some songs. 

" Come up here, Pania, where all can 
see you and keep together. That's it. 
Now begin. 

" See. He sings one line alone, and 

then they all repeat it. See how they 
watch him and how well he leads them. 
He is very good at this and will make a 
good singer and leader some day. 

" All right, Pania, that will be enough 
for this evening. It is getting late and 
our little visitors are getting tired. 
Thank you, very much. 

" Now Bro. Holsopple will say a few 
words, and then we will have a short 
prayer; then you will go to your rooms. 

" Salaam, salaam, salaam. Avjo, 
avjo [Come again], 
will be delighted to 

" Wasn't that fine ! 
these singings V They want us to come 
out to the Orphanage next Sunday even- 
ing for a real singing, like they have in 
the village meetings when they use their 
own instruments. I am sure you will 
enjoy it even more than this one. But 
you are tired now and must rest, for 
there are many things for you^o see this 
week. Good-night. Be sure and tuck 
the mosquito net in well around your 
bed or the mosquitoes may bite you and 
you will get the fever. Good-night, 
goodnight ! " 

Yes, indeed, we 
come. Salaam, 

How I do enjoy 


The Missionary Visitor 

Financial Report 

.$ 960 00 

13 50 

92 66 

20 00 
1 00 


In the February Visitor the $1.00 which is 
credited to Ella Garst, Oklahoma, under World- 
wide should appear to', the same credit under 
China Mission. Transfer has been made and 
the error corrected. 


During the month of January the General 
Mission Board sent out 91,620 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board is pleased to 
acknowledge the receipt of the following do- 
nations during the month of January: 

Colorado — $974.00. 

Bequest of Susan Holl, 




J. D. Coffman, $10; D. M. Mohler, 
$2; J. W. Trissel, $1; John Bjork- 
lund (marriage notice), 50 cents, . . 
Indiana — $362.24. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Walnut, $10; Union, $6.55; Middle- 
bury, $7.21; Camp Creek, $12.20; Rock 
Run, $12.52; North Liberty, $2.60; 
Goshen City, $13.33; Cedar Lake, 

$13.25; Cedar Creek, $15 


Camp Creek 

Class No. 10, Union Sunday-school, 

Elias Fashbaugh, $9; John S. 
Kauffman, 50 cents; J. B. Neff. $5; 
Ella Monce and daughter, $1.25; 
Hamon Hoover. $1; Melvin D. Neff, 
$10; Daniel Whitmer, $2; Christian 
Stouder, Union Center, $5; Lizzie 
Marsh, Union, $1; Claude D. Ulery, 
South Bend, $1; Clyde Joseph, Salem, 
$1; Sister Wm. Joseph. Salem, $1; 
Sister E. E. Shively, Yellow River, 


Middle District, Congregations. 

Salamonie, $59.75; Pleasant Dale, 

Manchester Missionary Meeting, . . 

M. E. Miller, $1; David Eikenberry, 
$2; Frank Fisher, 45 cents; Isaac 
L. Shultz, $1.20; LeRoy and Myrtle 
Graft, $2.08; Levi D. Ulrich, $1; John 
W. Root (marriage notice), 50 cents, 
Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Maple Grove, Lick Creek congre- 


John Greenhalgh, $15; Dewey B. 
Bailiff, $1.50; Earl Kendall. $10; 
Harry A. Smeltzer, $2.50; Catharine 
Bowman. $1; Milton Strauss, $5; John 
Snider, Sr., $20; Wm. Stout, $5; John 
Herr, $1.50; Leonard Reeves, $2; 
Porter Roush, $1; John C. Wampler, 
5 cents; D. L. Barnhart (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; I. M. Shepherd 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Susan 

Gerhart, $1 

Ohio — $312.65. 

Northwestern District, Congregations 

Sugar Creek, $105; Logan, $9.42; 

Lick Creek. $6 


L. E. Kauffman, $1.20; J. R. Spacht, 
$10; Walter and Henry Lehman, 
$4.80; Claude G. Vore and wife, 


Northeastern District, Congregation. 



Freeburg, $74; Science Hill. Free- 
burg Congregation, $33.05; Reading, 




54 33 

8 23 

5 50 

67 00 

120 42 

IS 65 
3 60 

109 05 

Wm. Domer, $5; Mrs. Geo. M. Weid 
ler, $6; Isaac Brumbaugh, $10 
George Hartsough, $10; Sadie Moher 

man, $1, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Brookville and Salem, $8.68; Ev- 

ersole, $7, 


The Lord's share of Uncle John's 
Pension Check, $1; proceeds of Uncle 
John's Waste Basket, East Dayton, 
$1.10; Uncle John's Waste Basket 

Mrs. T. M. Flaningam, $1 


Jacob P. Getz, 40 cents; Jesse K. 
Brumbaugh, $1.20; Eliza Priser, $1.25; 
Philip R. Priser, $1.25; W. H. 
Folkerth. $1.20; W. C. Teeter, $1.20; 
Emanuel Shank, $1.50; Amanda 
Schneck, $1; Barbara Landes, $1; 

Emma Heisey, 15 cents, 

Pennsylvania— -$221.31. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Manor, $11.30; Montgomery, $2.45, 

Pike, Brothers Valley Congrega- 


J. M. Fike, $9.04; S. J. Miller, $6; 
John Berg, $2; Priscilla Berg, $1; 
M. J. Brougher (marriage notice), 

5 cents 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Lewistown and Maitland 


James C. Wineland, $1; T. T. 
Myers, $1.50; Isaac B. Replogle, 
$1.20; Phoebe Zook, $1; Levi Rogers 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Eastern District. Congregations. 

Lititz, $30; Biar Swatara, $22.55; 
Ridgely, $17.49: Coventry, $5.89, ... 

Lake Ridge Mission 

Bible Term Offering, Elizabeth- 
town College, 


A Sister, $9.50; Jos. Fitzwater. 
$3; Mrs. R. D. Raffensperger, $1; 
P. C. Geib. $1; Solomon Strauser, 
$6.30; Celia Yost, Marvland, $5; Alice 
K. Trimmer, $5; H. C. Price. $2.50; 
Martha H. Price, $1.25; C. W. 
Reichard, $3; Ellen S. Strauser, $1; 
A Sister, $1; Catharine Garland, $1; 

Jos. W. Shatto, $2, 

Virginia — $174.00, 

Northern District. Congregations. 

Unity, $47.42; Mt. Zion, $14; Lin- 

ville Creek, $10.03, 


Garbers, Cook Creek Congregation, 

$10.25; Mt. Zion, $7.26, 

Christian Workers. 

Fairview-New Dale, Unity Congre- 


Susannah' Flory, Unity. $1; Mrs. 
J. G. Kline, $1; Catharine Wampler, 
$3; Daniel M. Good. $2; John H. 
Kline. $5; Phebe E. Stultz, Crab Run, 
S2: Jos. F. Crist. $1; Hugh R. Mowrv, 
$1; D. S. Neff, $1.50: Mary C. Miller, 
50 cents; David M. Minnich, 15 cents: 
S. N. Wine, 25 cents; S. C. Smucker, 
$1; Gernie Chittem, $1; Raleigh B. 
Holsinger, $1: S. A. J. Hoffman, $1; 
J. M. Zigler, $1; Sallie E. Zigler, $1; 
Jos. M. Mason. $1: Fanny L. and 

Martha J. Mason, $1.75 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Bettie E. Caricofe, 5 cents; Mat- 
tie V. Caricofe, 50 cents 

First District, Sunday-school. 


$ 32 00 

15 68 

3 10 

10 15 

13 75 

14 83 

18 54 
8 46 

5 2-0 

75 93 
16 25 

25 80 

42 55 

71 45 

17 51 

5 00 

27 15 

1 00 

2 00 


The Missionary Vk.tor 



G. A. Moomaw, $3; Emma South- 
all, $1, $ 4 00 

Second District, Individuals. 

W. H. Sipe, $10; D. C. Cline, $2; 
Jacob H. Cline, $1; Lethe A. Liskey, 
$1.20; F. W. Cupp. $1.37; Ira L. and 
Cora V. Garber, $5; Emanuel Long, 
$1.25; John L. Driver, $1; Barbara 
A. Wampler, 49 cents; Fannie A 
Wampler, 51 cents; Bessie V. Wam- 
pler, 51 cents; Mrs. P. J. Craun, 50 
cents; Nannie A. Brower, 75 cents; 
John D. Huddle. 26 cents; John S. 
Flory, $1.50; S. Prank Cox, 50 cents; 
Katie M. Showalter, $2; John S. Gar- 
ber, $1; J. P. Wampler, $1; Nannie 
J. Miller, 20 cents; S. T. Glick, $1; M. 
S. Sanger, 50 cents; Nannie O. Hum- 
bert, 50 cents; B. F. Miller, 25 cents; 

Samuel L. Huffman, $1.20 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Edna D. Miller, $6; Geo. W. 
Shaffer, $2; J. M. Garber, $1.20; S. 

A Sanger, $1.20 

Illinois — $158.33. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

■p-jj-jg CrcGk -•• «.«»•••■••■• 

Brethren's Mission Fund, Mt. Mor- 

I ris, 


L. J. Gerdes, $10; E. P. Trostle, 
$5; D. C. McGonigh, $2.50; M. M. 
Gluts, $1; Ray Hawk, $1; A. L. 
i Moats, $1.20; Wm. R. Thomas, $1; 
John M. Lutz, $1; B. E. Gardner, 

$1; Jennie S. Harley, $1.20 

[Southern District, Congregation. 

j Mansfield, 

I Sunday-schools. 

Mt. Pleasant, Woodland Congre- 
gation, $31.24; Woodland, $16.54; 
Mulberry Grove (country), $10, . . . 

Hannah M. Wirt, $5; James Wirt, 
$5; Forest McVey, Cole Creek, 35 
cents; Laura and Eugenia Deakin, 
$1.04; Isaac Eikenberry, $2.50; Alta 
C. Eikenberry, $2.50; A. M. Christner, 

Cerro Gordo, $1 


Northern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Fred Zapf, $1; Hannah C. 
Messer, $1; Louise Messer, $2.50; 
Conrad Messer, $2.50; H. E. Slifer, 
l $10; A. W. Miller. $1; J. S. Hersh- 
berger, $3; J. J. Berkley, $6; Uriah 
IS. Blough, $4; Julia A. Gilbert, $1; 
l Sarah Brallier, Curlew, $11; Samuel 
Fike, $12; Elizabeth Albright, $5; 
|H. C. Sheller, $10; Julia A. Sheller, 
$2; T. L. Kimmel, $2; N. W. Miller, 
!$6; E. M. Lichty, $3; W. C. Kimmel, 


Northern District, Individuals. 

D. W. and Jennie B. Miller, $5; 

C. Z. Reitz, $1.20 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Liberty ville, • 


W. G. Caskey. $2.40; Addie Brown, 
$1; Mary Wonderlich, 50 cents; Ja- 
cob Keffer, $1.20; Minnie Deahl, $1, 
Kansas — $99.30. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 
Viola Jackson, $1; Geo. Manon 

(marriage notices), $1 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 
Rock Creek, Sabetha Congrega- 


Martha J. Fishburn, $8; O. O. But- 
ton, Ramona (marriage notice), 50 

I Southwestern District, Congregation. 



S. M. Brown, $2.5'D; A. J. Culler 
((marriage notice), 50 cents, ;. 3 00 

35 49 

10 40 

19 05 
34 21 

24 90 
5 00 

57 78 

17 39 

88 00 

6 20 
4 55 

6 10 









Southeastern District, Individuals. 

N. J. Joyce and wife, Fredonia, $ 
California— $85.78. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

McParland, $25.63; Sacramento 

Valley, $17.05 


Abbie Miller, $5; J. P. Dickey, $1; 
Mary E. Brooks, $1; D. L. Forney, 
Reedley, $3; D. S. Musselman, $1.80; 
J. R. Rhoads (marriage notice), 

50 1 cents, 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Magdalena Myers, $5; Elizabeth 
Forney, $3; Ira G. Cripe, $5; Eliza- 
beth B. Minnich, $3; S. Bock, $1; 
M. O. Myers, $5.80; David Blicken- 
staff, $5; M. D. Hershey and wife, 
$2.50; G. H. Bashor (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 

Maryland— -$51.22. 

Western District, Congregation. 



Perry Bowser 

Middle District. 

The Lord's tenth, 


S. A. Miller, $3; Harry D. Gross- 
nickle (marriage notice), 50 cents, 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

D. E. Miller and wife, $20; F. N. 
Weimer, $10; "Wm. E. Gosnell and 

wife, $5; John D. Roop, $3, 

Oregon— $30.60. 

"Weston, $15.60; Ashland, $15, 

North Dakota— $20.95. 

Helen R. White, $5; Anna R. White, 
$5; W. G. White, $5.45; A Brother 
and Sister, Carrington, $3; C. M. Crill, 
$1; D. T. Dierdorff, Surrey (mar- 
riage notices), $1; Marvin Ken- 
singer, Zion (marriage notice), 50 


Missouri— $20.65. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Elda Gauss, Centerview, $5; Wm. 
H. Wagner, $2.50; Nannie C. "Wag- 
ner, $2.50; James M. Mohler (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents, 

Southern District, Individuals. 

C. Cline, $10; Eld. J. P. Bailey, 15 


Canada — $7.70. 

Western District, Individuals. 

Alonzo E. Cable, $5.70; Nannie 

Fike, $2, 

Tennessee — $7.25. 

Beaver Creek 


•Mrs. Maggie Satterfield, 

Michigan— $4.60. 

Perry McKimmy, $3.60; Joseph S. 

Robison, $1 

Nebraska^— $4.55. 

D. Vasey, $4.05; Edgar Rothrock 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 

South Carolina— $4.22. 

Mill Creek, 


J. I. Branscom, 

Oklahoma— $3.00. 

Isaac Williams 

Idaho— $3.20. 

M. M. Custer, $2; R. A. Orr, $1.20, 
West Virginia— $3.00. 
Second District, Individuals. 

M. C. Czigan, $2; S. M. Annon, $1, 
Utah— $1.75. 
Individual. . 

Mrs. Jas. Purdy, ..." 

Washington — $1.65. 

25 00 

42 68 

12 30 

30 80 

7 07 
1 65 
1 00 

3 50 

38 00 
30 60 

20 95 

10 50 
10 13 

7 70 

6 25 
1 00 

4 60 

4 55 














The Missionary Visitor 




Sallie Hatfield, $1.15; J. S. Secrist 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, $ 1 65 

Minnes ot a — SO . 50. 

H. F. Richards (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents 50 

Unknown — $0.70. 

Unknown 70 

Total for the month $ 2,658 00 

Previously received, 31,962 03 

For the year so far $34,620 03 

Pennsylvania — Sll.CO. 
Western District, Individuals. 

Amanda Roddy, Johnstown, $2: 

Jos. Holsopple, $2 $ 4 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller 5 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Sara M. Degler 1 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister, 1 00 

Illinois — $7.90. 

Northern District, Individual. 

J. W. Manning, $5: Daniel Metz, $2, 7 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Marv E. Weller, 65 cents; Forest 

McVey, Cole Creek, 25 cents 90 

Ohio— $6.78. 
Southern District. 

Uncle John's Waste Basket 3 00 


P. W. Dustin. Dayton, 25 

Northwestern District. 

Class No. 1. Hickory Grove Sun- 
day-school, Silver Creek Congrega- 
tion 3 53 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Monitor, 5 00 

Mis souri— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mary J. Mays, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 35 68 

Previously received, 653 28 

For the vear so far $ 688 96 

Indiana — $139.52. 
Northern District, Sunday-schools. 

Solomon Creek, Bethany Congre- 
gation. $32; Maple Grove. $32: Elk- 
hart Valley. $7.52 $ - 71 52 

Middle District, Sunday-schools. 

North Manchester, Primary De- 
partment, $10; Burnettsville, Young 

People's Class, $40, 50 00 

Manchester Aid Society 10 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

James and Linnie Landig. $5; 

Grace Krall, $3 8 00 

Pennsylvania— -$100.00. 
Western District, Aid Society. 

Meyersdale 20 00 

Eastern District, Christian "Workers. 

Parkerford, 20 00 


Primary Department. Parkerford, 

$20; Mrs. M. C. Swigart's Class, Ger- 

mantown. $20, 40 00 


Amanda Cassel 20 00 

Illinois — $76.37. 
Northern District. 

Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Mor- 
ris 14 


A Sister, Yellow Creek. $32; Liz- 
zie Studehaker. $20; A Sister, Yel- 
low Creek. $20 72 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Wood^nd 4 23 

Idaho— $60.55. 

"Winchester, $32; Twin Falls, $20; 
Class No. 4, Bowmont, $8.55 60 55 

Ohio — $52.18. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Primary Department, South Poplar 

Ridge $ 1 50 

Northeastern District, Sundav-school. 

Freeburg, 20 00 

Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

Pittsburg, $20; New Carlisle. $10.68, 30 68 

Kansas — $51.33. 
Northwestern District. Christian "Workers. 

Kansas City 20 01^ 

Southwestern District. Congregation. . 

Monitor 20 0«| 


Slate Creek, 1 33 


Mrs. T. N. Carter 10 00] 

Virginia — $33.25, 

First District, Sunday-school. 

Burks Fork 1 '-" 

Second District, Sunday-school. 

Class No. 3. Bridgewater, 32 00 

Nebraska, — $22.50. 

Beatrice 2D 00 


Mary A. Hargleroad, 2 50 

California — $11.55. 

Northern District. Sunday-school. 

Lindsay 6 55 

Christian "Workers. 

Oak Grove, 5 00 

Iowa, — $5.00. 

Southern District. Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk 5 00 

North Dakota — $3.60. 

Williston, 3 60 

Total for the month $ l^.l ■ 

Previously received, 2,183 fl 

For the vear so far, $ 2,739 25 

Idaho — S25.O0. 

Fruitland $ 25 00 

Indiana— $25.C0. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Young Men's Class, Salamonie, ... 25 M 

Virginia— $15.03. 
First District 

Trout Bible Class 15 03 

Iowa— $12.50. 

Middle District, Christian "Workers. 

Dry Creek 12 50 

Kansas— $6.25. 

Northwestern District, Christian "Workers. 

White Rock, E ■ 

Total for the month % S3 78 

Previously received 1,034 IT 

For the vear so far $ 1.117 95 

Illinois — $61.71. 
Northern District. Sunday-school. 

Bethany Graded $ 50 00 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Salamonie, 11 71 

Michigan — $6.00. 
Christian Workers. 

Woodland, 6 00 

Total for the month S 

Previously received, 2 ? 4 36 

For the vear so far $ 352 67 

Virginia — $8.72. 
Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Linville, $ 8 72 

Total for the month, $ 8 1% 

Previously received 146 31 

For the year so far, S 155 03 


Indiana — $61,00, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Northern District, Individual. 

D. B. Bolinger, Pleasant Valley, . .$ 5 00 

Middle District. 

China Mission Band, South "Whit- 
ley, 11 00 


John L. Lynch, 25 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Four Mile 20 00 

California — $61.80. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Santa Ana 6 30 


B. Riley, Tropico, $50; A Sister, 
Lordsburg, $3; M. D. Hershey and 

wife, $2.50 55 50 

Illinois— -$15.80. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

A Sister, Yellow Creek, $10; J. W. 

Manning, $5, 15 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mary E. Weller, 70 cents; Forest 

McVey, Cole Creek, 10 cents, 80 

Iowa— $15.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Iowa River 15 00 

Idaho— $9.20. 
Christian Workers. 

Twin Falls, 9 20 

Pennsylvania — $7.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, 4 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Sister, $1; A Sister, $1 2 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Henry P. Stauffer, Parkerford, ... 1 00 

| Missouri — $5.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Mary J. Mays, 5 00 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Monitor, 5 00 

i Michigan— $4.00. 

Elmdale, 4 00 

Maryland— $1 .00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Cora Shaffer 100 

Total for the month, $ 184 SO 

Previously received 902 62 

For the year so far, $ 1,087 42 

Pennsylvania — $38.27. 
Western District, Christian Workers. 

Scalp Level $ 22 00 

Middle District. 

Willing Workers' Class, Carson 

Valley, 6 27 

Eastern District, Christian W T orkers. 

Ephrata, 10 00 

Ohio — $29.10. 
■Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Springfield, 22 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pittsburg, 7 10 

Kansas — $25.50. 

Northwestern District, Christian Workers. 

Quinter, 5 50 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Monitor, 20 00 

Indiana — S24.20. 
; Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Loyal Class, Middlebury, 20 OJ 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Rossville, 4 20 

North Dakota — $22.00, 

Willing Workers' Class, Surrey, . . 22 00 

Missouri — $22.00. 
Middle District, Christian W T orkers. 

Mound 22 00 

Oregon — -$5.00. 

Myrtle Point, 5 00 

Total for the month 

Previously received 

For the year so far, $ 809 7' 


166 07 

643' 70 

Indiana — $71.66. 

Northern District, Sunday-schools. 

Rock Run, $25; Class No. 3, Bre- 
men, $2 $ 27 00 

Middle District, Sunday-schools. 

Salamonie, / 11 71 

Ogans Creek Sunday-school and 
Christian W T orkers 7 03 

Adult Sisters' Class, Salamonie, . . 7 25 


E. E. Blickenstaff 10 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Fairview 8 67 

Iowa — $42.05. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, Waterloo, 25 00 

Middle District, Christian W'orkers, 

Dallas Center, 10 05 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk, 7 00 

Illino is — $29 .50. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethany Graded, 25 00 

Christian Workers. 

Sterling, . . - 2 75 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Class No. 4, Woodland, 1 75 

Idaho — $29.00. 

Twin Falls 29 00 

Maryland— -$20.20. 
Eastern District. 

Long Green Valley Missionary 

Committee, 10 20 


Alfred Englar, 10 00 

Virginia— $1 3.00. 

Second District, Aid Society. 

Manassas, 5 00 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Nokesville 8 00 

Ohio — $10.00. 

Northeastern District. Individuals. 

Lizzie Toms, Owl Creek, $5; Mary 

R. Hoover, Black River, $5, 10 00 

California— -$9.27. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Francis, Mazel, Mary and Mar- 
garet Crites, 2 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bible Class, Lordsburg, 7 27 

Pennsylvania— -$1.00. 
Western District, Individual. 
-Unknown, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 225 68 

Previously received, 284 38 

For the year so far, $ 510 06 

Colorado — $8.50. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Fruita, $ 8 50 

Total for the month, $ 8 50 

For the year so far 8 50 


Illinois — $12.95. 

Northern District, Sundav-schools. 

Elgin Chinese, $7; Elgin, $1.25, ..$ 8 25 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Champaign Mission 4 70 

Ohio — $6.86. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 
Basket from his 27 grandchildren, 5 07 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 
Basket from Master Jack Flaningam, 1 19 

Indiana — $1 0.00. 
Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Class No. 4, English Prairie, .... 500 

Middle District, Aid Society, 

Monticello, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 29 81 

Previously received, 327 93 

For the year so far, $ 357 74 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio — $49.35. 

Northwestern District, Aid Society. 

Belief ontaine $ 5 00 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Akron, 5 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pittsburg, 7 10 

Aid Society. 

Bradford, , 20 00 

Class No. 3, Bethel Sunday-school, 
Salem Congregation, 7 00 

Mina H. Bosserman, Gen. Secy.- 

■ Treas. Aid Societies, 5 25 

Pennsylvania — $30.00. 
Western District, Aid Society. 

Walnut Grove, 10 00 


Amanda Roddy, Johnstown 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Spring Run 5 00 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Bast Petersburg, 5 00 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 

Parkerf ord, 5 00 

Illinoi s — $1 3.40. 

Northern District, Sunday-schools. 

Elgin Chinese, $7; Elgin, $5; Pri- 
mary Class, Shannon, $1.40, 13 40 

Maryland — -$10.50. 

Western District, Aid Society. 

Brownsville 2 00 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Hagerstown, $5; Hagerstown, West 

End, $2.50; Manor, $1, 8 50 

Missouri— -$10.00. 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Prairie View, $5; Kansas City, $5, 10 00 

Indiana — $8.05. 
Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Oak Grove, North Liberty Congre- 
gation 3 05 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Buck Creek, 5 00 

Iowa— $5.00. 
Middle District. 

Coon River Mission Circle 5 00 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Central Avenue 5 00 

Virginia — $5.00. 

First District, Aid Society. 

Daleville, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 136 30 

Previously received, 526 72 

For the year so far $ 663 02 

Pennsylvania— -$36.47. 
Western District, Sunday-school. 

Rayman, Brothers Valley Congre- 
gation, $ 29 4? 

Aid Society. 

Walnut Grove 5 00 

Unknown, 1 '00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Mary L. Mowere, Parkerford, .... 1 00 

Kansas— $11.00. 
Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Appanoose, 10 00 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

A Sister, 1 00 

California— $10.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Well-wisher 10 00 

Maryland— -$5.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Wm. E. Gosnell and wife, 5 00 

Indiana — $3.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Priscilla Ohma, Roann 3 00 

Tennessee — $2.00. 

Mrs. S. J. Pence, $1; Honoria E. 

Pence, $1, 2 00 

Florida— $1.00. 

Mrs. H. Etta Hoke, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 68 47 

Previously received, $ 16 00 

For the year so far $ 84 47 

Pennsylvania-— $206.81. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Springville, $25; Mountville, $45; 

Mingo, $14.25, $ 84 25" 


Palmyra, Spring Creek, $58.40; 
Skippack, Mingo, $15; Mingo, $11; 
Spring Creek, $8.56; Hatfield, $24, .. 116 96 

Lake Ridge Mission, 5 60 

Virginia — $58.61. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Dayton, Cooks Creek Congregation, 6 93 


R. S. Showalter, 5 00 

First District, Individuals. 

H. A. Flora, $5; Sarah J. Hylton, 

$1, 6 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Bridgewater, 40 68 

California — $23.70. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Lindsay, 17 70 


Stonyford Neighbors, 6 00 

Montana — -$23.50. 

Medicine Lake, 12 20 


Glasston Union, 1130 

"West Virginia — $15.00. 

First District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View 15 00 ; 

Maryland— -$15.0O, 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Meadow Branch, 15 00 

Illinois — $12.30. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Elgin, .' 2 30 


A Sister, Yellow Creek 5 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Sister, $4; A. M. Christner, 

Cerro Gordo, $1, 5 00 

Indiana— $11 .70. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Huntington City 9 70 


Mrs. Margaret Harter 2 00 

New Mexico — $10.35. 

Clovis, 10 35 

Michigan— -$7.72. 

Thornapple 7 72 

North Dakota — $3.50. 
Individual. . • 

Mrs. Mary Reiste, 3 50 

Iowa — $2.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

J. B. Spurgeon 2 50 

Tennessee — $2.00. 

Miss L. C. Klepper 2 00 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Anna Lesh, Stonelick, 1 00 

South Dakota — $1.00. 

Mrs. T. A. Mosholder 1 00 

Total for the month . $ 394 69 

Previously received, T 653 11 

For the year so far $ 1,047 80 

Ohio — $1.00. * 

Southern District, Individual. 

Anna Nissley $ 1 00 

Total for the month 7$ 1 0(1 

Previously received 4 00 

For the year so far $ 5 00 

(Continued on Page 121.) 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. ' 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 


Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., : Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna M. '. Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, : Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, .-Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B. Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Q. A., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I., , Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, . .'. Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J. Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Erne V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara N., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Royer, B. Mary, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A W ■ Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R.; India 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

This is Moving Time 

And America is on the Wing 

It is likewise the time of year when those farmers who are moving to town have 
had their sales. "And it is the time of year when they are making final settlement for 
that farm that they have recently sold. Likewise the products of 1914 are being sold 
on the strength of the present high markets. 

Would you like to realize a high rate of interest from the 
proceeds of that $1.50 wheat? 

Have you any money to invest? If so, why not place it with us, taking out our 
annuity bonds in return? We pay as high a rate of interest as can be justified, com- 
mensurate with the fair earning power of money. Besides, the principal is Free from 
Taxes, you have Become Tour Own Executor, and are relieved of that perpetual 
trouble, worry and concern that is attendant upon the safe investment of your prin- 

Money invested with us is safe from moth to corrupt, from the cupidity of thieves 
and from the dangers of a broken will after you are gone. 

Our Annuity Plan Has Stood the Test of Years 
Our Annuitants all Vote in its Favor 

Read what Brother D. L. Miller, a most careful 

investor, has to say about this plan of 

missionary work 

Mt. Morris, 111., July 30, 1914. 
For a number of years I have had a 
considerable sum of money in the hands 
of the General Mission Board of the 
Church of the Brethren, upon which an 
annuity has been paid me as regularly 
as the dates come. I have never had 
to notify the treasurer that the annuity 
day was coming, for always, several 
days before the date, came the amount 
due. I unhesitatingly recommend the 
annuity plan as a safe investment. You 
receive the annuity while you live and 
at your death your money goes on work- 
ing for the Lord. After seventeen years 
of experience, if I had money to invest, 
it would go to the General Board on the 
safe, reliable and eminently satisfactory 
annuity plan. 

D. L. Miller. 

The following amounts have been 

paid by us in annuities since the 

plan was inaugurated in 1896 

1897 $ 1,501.76 

1898 4,081.49 

1899 4,889.61 

1900 5,536.77 

1901 7,111.92 

1902 8,097.74 

1903 10,204.24 

1904 11,560.26 

1905 12,871.08 

1906 13,248.00 

1907 15,073.63 

1908 15,813.66 

1909 15,802.93 

1910 17,513.69 

1911 19,255.82 

1912 21.320.15 

1913 23,621.71 

1914 26,717.86 

Total $234,222.32 

The plan through which you can invest with us is easy. Our book- 
lets explain the plan thoroughly. A postcard will bring them to you. 

Are you interested ? Why not write to us ? 

General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 

undred gallons N of watei , fiber. 

Some desert plants have' ciste; they fill 

against the days of di 
with grain 



(. , 















The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sept to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers, In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be 
given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make' remittances 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing' House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for April, 1915 

EDITORIALS, . . ...129 


Mother-letters from India, By Mary Stover 131 

Picture Number One, By I. S. Long 134 

College Entrance Examination in India, By Davi 137. 

Ahmedabad, India, By Virsingh Vahaljibhai 137 

Greetings from an India Home, Translated by Q. A. Holsopp .138 

China Notes for January, By Rebecca C. Wampler, 140 

Mrs. Doe, the Widow, By Emma Horning .142 

A Tribute to Medical Missions, By Edgar Allen .143 

Sin's Imprint on a Life, By H. A. Claybaugh, .. .145 
New Church at Bridgewater, Va., By M. 


Willing or Being Willing, By Elgin S. Mo ..148 

Islam a Foe to Christianity, By Benjamin F. Summer- ..150 



Sunshine in India Homes, By Kathren R. I! ..154 

Ninga's Gift, By Nettie Carlisle 


The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVII 

APRIL, 1915 

Number 4 


The Mission Study Class at Bridge- 
water College has grown so large that 
it has been divided and a junior class 
formed. There are now forty- four in 
the adult class and eight or ten in the 

Bro. Geo. W. Hilton, who spent a 
few years in our China Mission Field, 
is now director of the Chinese Mission 
at Seattle, Wash. The forty-nine boys 
now in the mission recently sent in 
$15 from their Chinese Sunday-school. 
This represented the offerings of only 
two months. 

We anticipate making the May is- 
sue of the Missionary Visitor a spe- 
cial number on giving, and are partic- 
ularly anxious that none of our read- 
ers shall miss that issue. Should any 
one fail to receive it, kindly drop us a 
postal and a copy will be sent. 

Soon thousands of our people will be 
wending their way towards Confer- 
ence at Hershey. We shall be pleased 
to meet all of our friends at the special 
missionary sessions on Saturday fore- 
noon and afternoon, and hope that all 
may plan their trip so that they may 
be present on that day. 

A sister in the Southland, on read- 
ing Bro. J. Kurtz Miller's article in the 
March issue of the Visitor, sent one 
dollar to assist in the erection of the 
Italian church of the Brethren in 
Brooklyn. She says she is poor, but 
she makes it a rule to give one-tenth of 

her income to missions. She adds 
a testimony that we wish all our 
readers might remember: "The more 
you do for His cause the more you 
have to give." A great many of us 
make small donations to the Lord's 
work, and remain small Christians. 
But to give as the Lord has prospered 
us makes us large, whether our dona- 
tions be small or great. 

^\\\\ y 

Three hundred and twenty-three 
thousand Indians (exclusive of those 
in Alaska) are in the United States at 
the present time. Of these, according 
to the report of June, 1912, 177,401 had 
been questioned as to their religious 
affiliations, revealing the fact that, of 
the number asked, only 69,529 had pro- 
fessed Christianity. Surely this field 
presents an inviting prospect for the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ. It is a chal- 
lenge to the home church. 

Up to the present time not a great 
number have finished their study in 
" Christian Heroism " and taken the 
examination. But many classes are in 
session and will conclude the book in 
the next few months. We trust that 
all of these will see the advantage in 
the examination and send for the ques- 

///// r 

For the first time in many years, if 
not in the history of our mission work, 
the General Mission Board closed its 
books Feb. 28, 1915, for the past fiscal 
year, with a deficit. The approximate 
amount of the deficit will be about $1,- 


The Missionary Visitor 


650. We are entering upon a new- 
phase of our missionary work, when 
our expenditures in this wise exceed 
our income. Which shall it be, less 
advance for the Master or a greater 
income? There is but one healthy an- 

It remains for the Thomas (Okla.) 
church to be the first that is called to 
our attention where the preaching 
service has been supplanted by a pro- 
gram in the interest of tithing. More 
than that, the program was nearly two 
hours long and the interest was good. 
Three years ago they had only one 
tither. Now they have more than a 
dozen. So healthy is the sentiment 
that the church has decided to have 
two meetings each year in the interest 
of this most important part of its wor- 
ship. We venture the opinion that this 
church is a praying church, and appre- 
ciates the joys of whole-hearted Chris- 
tian service. 

Phillips Brooks told the story of 
some savages to whom was given a 
sun dial. Being desirous of honoring 
it they housed it in and built a roof 
over it. Alas, " poor heathen ! " And 
yet the Word of God occupies a simi- 
lar place, when the Bible is laid away 
in the " best room " upon the center ta- 
ble. Alas, poor Christian ! 

It is the easiest thing imaginable to 
feel continually pinched. As soon as 
you have paid your debts, contract for 
the purchase of the farm that joins 
yours. Or, while still in debt, buy 
your family a nice touring car. Feed 
cattle, borrow money to feed them, 
then build a fine house with the profits. 
Compare yourself with your neighbors, 
develop new desires and artificial 
wants that must be gratified. To do 
all this will be to keep yourself feeling 
poor and pinched until the day when 

the Master bids you close your ac- 
counts. Yes, it is easy to keep poor, 
and many a worthy cause has suffered 
because of the poverty of such Chris- 

While the church w^arns often and 
legislates much against the wiles of 
fashion and pleasure, it is well to stop 
a moment and consider that when the 
Master would warn us of the one su- 
preme rival of God in the hearts of 
men, he said, " Ye can not serve God 
and mammon." As a testimony of 
the world's recognition of this fact, it 
uses the term " Almighty " in but two 
connections, " Almighty God " and 
" almighty dollar." 

It is said that Reay church, Caith- 
ness, Scotland, with only ninety-five 
members, has sent thirty-six men to 
active service in the war. Such sacri- 
fice! And this to the god of war! 
And from followers of Jesus ! When 
will men be willing to give the same 
service to the nail-pierced hand of the 
Master as they render to the mailed 
fist of bloodshed and legalized mur- 

Among five thousand students in the 
University of Tokyo, Japan, only 700 
claimed to be followers of Japan's old 
religions, 900 said they were atheists, 
3,000 agnostics or indifferent, while 
seventy confessed themselves as Chris- 

The Church of the Brethren could 
send 300 missionaries to the foreign 
field and still leave 300 at home to sup- 
port each one of them. 

In Japan 98 per cent of the popula- 
tion of school age is in attendance at 
their public schools. 

In 1870 there were only fifty-five 
Japanese in the United States. Now 
there are more than 93,000. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Awaiting 1 the Inquest. See last Paragraph in the Following - Article. 


Mary Stover. 

Number One. 

YOU will be interested to hear of 
our love feast, held at Anklesvar 
Dec. 2. There were one hun- 
dred and ninety-six members present, 
and when seated our meeting - room 
was well filled. Nearly one hundred 
others who are learning of Christianity 
and looking forward to being baptized 
had also come, and were seated out- 
side, where they could hear and see at 
least in part. These also were served 
with food at the proper time. 

At the beginning of the services it 
was known that two or three wished 
to ask forgiveness of the church for 
having yielded to the temptation to 
drink liquor. After these spoke, one 
after another rose and told of some 
weakness or irregularity in his Chris- 
tian life, and asked that the church 
pray for him, until — what do you 
think? — twenty-five had spoken. 

These talks were very humble ; only - 
a few broken sentences, but how ten- 
der-hearted it made us all feel as we 
followed our Lord in the service of 

feet-washing, in eating the simple meal 
together, in taking the bread and the 

After the services, willing hands 
soon set the room in order, and once 
more all were seated. This time it was 
in a circle about the large lamp in the 
middle of the room, and a song and 
prayer service was held far into the 
night. A number returned home that 
night, for the moonlight was bright, 
and you know how brilliant the India 
moon can be when at its best. 

Those who came from the farther 
villages remained until the morning. 
The bedding we could supply was suf- 
ficient for the women and children, 
who slept in several of the rooms at 
hand, or shared the hospitality of our 
Christian families who live near. The 
men slept in the meeting-room, where 
the big lamp, hired for the occasion, 
was kept burning to give heat, for the 
nights are cool now. 

The following morning, after light 
refreshments, we gathered for prayers, 
and twelve were received by baptism. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Five were also baptized a few days be- 
fore this. 

This occasion is similar to those en- 
joyed at each of our mission stations 
from time to time. A love feast was 
held at Bulsar on the last day of the 
old year. At this time there were thir- 
teen baptisms. 

The evening of the love feast at 
Anklesvar marked another event, the 
birth of a little daughter to Brother 
and Sister Ebey. Some of us thought 
that " Agape " would be a fitting name 
for her, but her name is Leah Ruth. 
Though spending a few weeks at 
Anklesvar, she hopes to return soon 
with her mother and sisters to their 
home at Karadoho. While they are 
here with us Bro. Ebey is faithfully 
ministering to many sick ones at their 
station. Plague has been quite severe 
in the villages around them ; also a dis- 
ease much like cholera. A number 
have died, and many have recovered. 

Another dear little girl came to An- 
klesvar Nov. 21, to live with Brother 
and Sister Arnold. Her name is Bar- 
bara Catherine. These little ones and 
Bro. Holsopple's baby at Bulsar are 
welcome additions to our mission fam- 
ily within the past two months. The 
children in our homes are a great joy 
to us, especially as we are separated 
from our older children and other rela- 

On Dec. 15 the field committee met 
at Vyara at the home of Brother and 
Sister Long and Sister Sadie Miller. 
Those who were present report a very 
profitable meeting. The business ses- 
sions were held wholly in the daytime, 
more time being given to prayer, while 
the evenings were occupied with meet- 
ings for spiritual uplift. 

Considerable time was spent in dis- 
cussing questions which force them- 
selves upon us because of the shortage 
of workers, and in trying to plan to get 
the most done by the few of us who 

are here. The burden of the meeting 
was the cry for workers, that the Lord 
of the harvest may send forth laborers. 
We want to be faithful in presenting 
the needs and opportunities of this 
great field. Have we, in trying to pre- 
sent the picture of things as they really 
are — have we, I wonder, made it ap- 
pear too difficult a task? 

Imagine our joy, then, in the face of 
our great need, when on Christmas we 
received the glad news that our mis- 
sionaries who are at home, delayed by 
the war, will arrive the middle of Feb- 
ruary. When are they sailing? By 
what route? Are they all coming? 
These are questions we ask each other, 
even while we know that we must 
wait for the word which will come in 
due time. 

Yes, we had Christmas. It was a 
joyous season, as it should be every 
year when we appreciate its meaning. 
Our little Helen had a birthday early 
in December, on which day the dinner- 
table was brightened with leaves and 
flowers. So when we were arranging 
some flowers for Christmas time, she 
said; "Mama, whose birthday is this? 
Is it mine again?" The question was 
easy to answer. 

From all our stations come reports 
of the glad day. Services were held, in 
-which the children took a prominent 
part, raising their sweet little voices in 
praise to the Christ on His birthday. 
At Vulli Bro. Lichty's attended the 
services in the morning, and at Am- 
letha, about six miles away, in the ev- 
ening. Sister Eliza spent her Christ- 
mas in a village where few Christians 
live, some distance from any other 
mission station. Sister Sadie was in 
the villages near Vyara, where twenty 
were baptized on that day. Sisters 
Eby and Royer are at Poona, in lan- 
guage school. 

In the midst of joy comes also sad- 
ness. Dec. 27 Sister Lizzie, daughter 


The Missionary Visitor 


of Bro. J. Laperson, died in hospital in 
Bombay. The burial was in Bulsar 
the following morning - . The memory 
of her quiet, cheerful manner, even 
when in trouble or illness, will always 
remain with us. 

Dec. 30, at Anklesvar, Bro. Girder 
Champa passed away. He contracted 
tuberculosis over a year ago. During 
the last months he spoke frequently of 
the home-going. He was anointed. He 
was ready to go. On being asked if 
he heard the Lord calling him, he said, 
" No, I hear no voice, but I am ready 
to go." He was one of the first orphan 
boys of 1900, and had developed an ex- 
cellent Christian character. Bro. Mc- 
Cann will remember him well. His 
wife also was an orphan, and is now 
in the Widows' Home, with her three 
little girls. 

Just before Christmas a Christian 
woman from a near neighboring mis- 
sion was being taken to a mission hos- 
pital north of us. She died on the 
way, and was taken off the train at 
Anklesvar. We gave her a Christian 
burial, but the body had to remain on 
the station platform (the bare ground) 
from six in the evening until two in 
the afternoon of the next day, await- 
ing the coroner's inquest. This seemed 
very hard, and Bro. Arnold got a pho- 
tograph, showing the situation. In In- 
dia, burial immediately follows death, 
so when it is thus necessarily delayed, 
we all feel bad about it. The end of 
life may come so suddenly, and then 
the body be laid away so quickly, 
there seems the more reason to watch 
and be ready, for we now not the hour. 


We plead for those in distant lands, 
In shady groves or burning sands 

Or on the stormy sea; 
Constrained by love divine they went, 
And all their energies are spent 

To lead the lost to Thee. 

They left their friends and homes behind, 
And at Thy call went forth to find 

Rich treasures for their God. 
In youthful beauty, fresh and fair, 
They chose that path of toil and prayer 

Which Christ their Savior trod. 

For them and for their work we plead; 
Do Thou supply their every need 

And still their strength renew; 
Our hearts with theirs do Thou unite, 
And let us in Thy sacred light 

The great commission view. 

Grant them, we pray, increased success; 
Them with Thy' conscious presence bless; 

To them Thy will reveal; 
And when they ever feel depressed, 
Grant comfort, guidance, peace and rest, 

And all their sickness heal. 

And if upon the mission field 

Their witness must at last be sealed 

By lives for Christ laid down, 
May they through Thy sustaining power 
Be victor in life's latest hour 

And gain the promised crown! 

— T. Watson, in Canadian Link. 


Laid on Thine altar, O my Lord divine, 

Accept this gift today, for Jesus' sake. 
I have no jewels to adorn Thy shrine, 

Nor any world-famed sacrifice to make. 
But here, within my trembling hand, 

This will of mine — a thing that seemeth 
small — - 
And Thou alone, O Lord, canst understand, 

How when I yield this, I yield my all. 

Hidden therein Thy searching gaze can see 
All that I have or am or fain would be, 
Deep loA'es, fond hopes and longings in- 
It hath been wet with tears and dimmed 
with sighs, 
Clenched in my grasp till beauty hath it 
Now from Thy footstool where vanquished 
The prayer ascendeth — may Thy will be 

Take it, O Father, ere my courage fail, 
And merge it so in Thine own will, that 
If in some desperate hour my cries prevail, 
And Thou give back my gift, it may have 
So changed, so purified, so fair have grown. 
So one with Thee, so filled with peace 
I may not know or feel it as mine own, 
But gaining back my will find Thine. 

— Exchange, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tlie G-ovemment Boys' School at Songrhad. 


I. S. Long. 

EARLY Sunday morning we rode 
out five miles from Vyara. On 
Saturday evening we had noti- 
fied the teacher in the village of our 
coming. That same night he went 
from house to house, both in his vil- 
lage and in an adjoining village, to 
announce our coming. Nevertheless, 
from his village next day only one man 
was present in our congregation. The 
rest were out on the road working, or 
else were hauling for the Parsees. 

From the second village, however, 
about eight men and six boys came, 
for our coming made- the services spe- 
cial to them. A worker and horse-boy 
had gone out with me from Vyara. 
Not being able to get the people of 
the third village together at a house, 
we all went to a threshing floor where 
they were at work, and sat under an 
arbor made for the stock. Here, we 
sat down to worship and to teach the 
worship of the one true God. 

About half of the eighteen present 
have been baptized. When told to 
take off their turbans they did it re- 
luctantly, laughing in a way. We 
tried to get them to sing after us, or 
with us, a familiar hymn in Gujarati. 
On refusing, to my surprise, the lead- 
ing worker finally induced them to 
sing after him the same hymn in their 
own dialect. What poor singing! But 
they finally got the run of it, after a 

The worker then said, " Saheb, 
speak to them." I said, " No, you." 
He asked, " How many of you know 
the Ten Commandments?" We ex- 
pect them to know these before bap- 
tism. Not a soul knew them — had for- 
gotten them, I suppose! It is really a 
matter of experience that they may be 
able to repeat them, parrotlike, today, 
and forget them tomorrow. 

"All right," said the worker, "the 
First Commandment is, ' Believe in 



The Missionary Visitor 


only one God.' " He made each one 
repeat this after him three or four 
times, going- the rounds. " The second 
is, ' You shall not worship idols.' " 
This likewise each one in turn several 
times repeated after the teacher till he 
could say it clearly himself. "The 
third is, ' You should not take God's 
name in vain,' " etc., to the fifth which 
is, " ' You should keep Sunday holy.' ' : 
In this simple way they repeated all 

visit us, or them, they would not be, 
either in appearance or in knowledge, 
Christians after your idea. It wouldn't 
take an unsympathetic person long to 
criticise them and the missionary, too. 
I find, however, that the less one 
knows about a problem like this the 
more room he has for criticism, and 
the more likely to indulge in it. 

Such as they are, they live in Gu- 
jarat, a hundred thousand strong. 

.rf*-?s?i* / 

The Government Girls' Boarding School at Sonifhad. 

five. Then, each command was ex- 
plained briefly again. 

What is it? A drill on fundamen- 
tals ! The same thing over and over, 
" Line upon line, precept upon pre- 
cept." Then the worker said, " We 
will pray. Bow your heads." The 
latter they do not like to do, for the 
more ignorant women say, " You are 
licking the dust, eh?" And the men 
are ashamed. A simple prayer, then 
all joined in repeating the Lord's pray- 
er, in the Gamete dialect. 

This program lasted about an hour, 
I suppose. All the time I sat praying 
or wondering how better to reach 
these simple minds. If you were to 

They are reachable and right at our 
doors. Three hundred and fifty of 
them have been baptized. They haven't 
made much change, though, in life or 
conduct. How could you expect them 
to, in so short a time? Brethren, you 
never saw any one so dense in under- 
standing as these! And until they 
have associated with us missionaries a 
bit they do not understand us at all 
well, as we try to speak to them. 

How would you reach them? As to 
sin, they are full-grown ; as to under- 
standing, they are children, only they 
are children with understanding a hun- 
dred times dulled by drink, lust, ig- 
norance, and the consequences of more 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Mission Boarding: School at Vyara. 

or less poverty. They never will be 
mature Christians, though they will 
improve slowly, certainly. They are 
subjects for sympathy and prayer. And 
they will respond to love and teaching 
and association, if Christlike. We are 
not discouraged with the proposition. 
Don't you be, please, for the next pic- 
ture will be brighter. 

P. S. Today, three weeks later, the 
teacher of the village, in my presence, 
got some of this same crowd to repeat, 
without help, the entire Ten Com- 
mandments. The lack was the teach- 
er's, no doubt, for he preferred preach- 
ing to teaching. He wisely agrees 
henceforth to be a teacher. 


" Men don't believe in a devil, as their fa- 
thers used to do; 

They've forced the door of the broadest 
creed, to let his majesty through. 

There isn't a print of his cloven foot, or a 
fiery dart from his bow 

To be found in earth or air today, for the 
world has voted so. 

" But who is mixing the fatal draught that 
palsies heart and brain, 

And loads the bier of each passing year 
with ten hundred thousand slain? 

Who blights the bloom of the land today 
with the fiery breath of hell, 

If the devil isn't and never was, won't some- 
body rise and tell? 

" Who dogs the steps of the toiling saint, 
and digs the pit for his feet? 

Who sows the tares in the field of time, 
wherever God sows His wheat? 

The devil is voted not to be, and of course, 

the thing is true; 
But who is doing the kind of work the devil 
alone should do? 

" We are told he does not go around like a 

roaring lion now; 
But whom shall we hold responsible for the 

everlasting row 
To be heard in home, in church and state, 

to the earth's remotest bound, 
If the devil by a unanimous vote is nowhere 

to be found? 

" Won't somebody step to the front forth- 
with and make his bow and show 

How the frauds and the crimes of a single 
day spring up? We want to know! 

The devil was fairly voted out, and, of 
course, the devil's gone; 

But simple people would like to know, who 
carries his business on?" 

—Alfred J. Hough. 


The Missionary Visitor 



David Premabhai. 

Note. — We consider it a privilege to be able to give to our readers, in the following 
articles, a glimpse into the intelligence of some of our India Christians. The articles 
were written in English by these boys, who have recently completed high school in Bul- 
sar. — Ed. 

THERE are four classes or grades 
in secondary schools here, name- 
ly IV, V, VI and VII. When a 
student begins to study the seventh 
standard, it depends upon his choice 
whether to stop his studies or continue 
his course in colleges. The former fin- 
ishes his work, appears in the school 
final examination and joins any govern- 
ment service ; the latter appears in ma- 
triculation examination, and if he passes 
it, he can join a college. 

There are five centers in Bombay 
Presidency where matriculation exami- 
nation is held. They are Bombay, Ahme- 
dabad, Karachi, Poona, and Belgam. 
This year (1914) there were 1,823 can- 
didates at Ahmedabad center alone. So 
in all there were 5,000 or 6,000 candi- 
dates at all centers. 

A grand Mandap (bower) is erected 
at each center, where candidates sit at 
their desks and write their answer-pa- 
pers. A famous and learned man, who 

has from about forty to fifty supervisors 
under him to help him, presides over the 
whole affair. Not only Indians but 
Eurasians and Europeans appear in ma- 
triculation examination. Girls also take 
part in it, but not in such large numbers 
as boys. Each candidate has to pay 12 
rupees, or $4, as fees. 

It is to be regretted that our Christian 
boys and girls do not appear in matricu- 
lation in large numbers. One reason, I 
think, is that our Christian community 
here is backward in education. Twenty- 
eight boys were sent from Bulsar High 
School, out of whom only two were 
Christians. Yet I am glad that there 
were about twenty-five Christians at 
Ahmedabad Center and many more at 
Bombay. We pray that God will give 
our little Christian community here 
more courage and means to make prog- 

Bulsar, India. 


Virsingh Vahaljibhai. 

THE matriculation examination is 
held at five different centers, in 
the Bombay Presidency, one of 
which is Ahmedabad. This was the 
most suitable place for us to appear in 
the examination. 

On the 7th of November we started 
from Bulsar, and after a journey of 
eight hours reached Ahmedabad, the 
distance being about 250 miles. The 
beauty of nature on the way made us 
think of the glory of God. While travel- 

ing in the train we passed over many 
great rivers, which our Hindu costudents 
believed to be sacred and into which 
they threw cocoanuts, nuts, or lemons, 
with the superstitious belief that by so 
doing they would be successful in the 
examination for- which they were going. 
We lodged at the Irish Presbyterian 
Mission Hostel. The matriculation ex- 
amination continued for three days, 
from the 9th to the 11th of November. 
After that we walked up and down the 


The Missionary Visitor 


city and visited many places of interest. 

Ahmedabad is an old city. It was the 
capital of the Gujarat Province in time 
of the Mogul emperors. There are some 
old buildings, mosques and temples. It 
is smaller than Bombay, but it is a fine 
city with a population of 300,000. 

One of the most celebrated mosques 
has a number of pillars so placed that 
they can not be counted. It has high 
towers, which command the whole view 
of the city. One of the mosques has 
three windows, with so much minute 
carving as to amaze the visitors. The 
middle and most beautiful of the win- 
dows has been taken to the museum in 

We then visited a very old and fa- 
mous temple. It is a grand building, 
with small rooms built in a square. In 
each of the rooms are placed three white 
marble idols, having eyes of rubies and 

one idol of pure gold, not hollow, but 
solid. Hundreds of people come day 
after day to worship the gods with an 
offering of rice, cocoanuts, other eat- 
able things, and money. The gods eat 
or use nothing, being the mere work of 
human hands. The Brahmins who stay 
in the temple appropriate the gifts to 
their own selfish purposes. 

While entering any mosque or temple 
we are asked to remove our shoes, be- 
cause they would defile the holy place. 

There is also a well-known lake with 
numerous fishes and crabs. People vis- 
iting the lake throw in parched rice, and 
the creatures at once appear on the sur- 
face of the lake. All are forbidden to 
kill any of them. 

The city has more than sixty cotton 
mills, and so it is called " The Manches- 
ter of India." 

Anklesvar Mission Station, India. Looking- Towards the East. 


The following letter to Brother and Sister Royer, written by a native sister in 
India, has recently been received. Bro. Holsopple of India made the translation into 
English. We give both translations.- — Editor. 


Greetings to Elder Royer and his 
wife and to all the brethren and sis- 
ters : At present we are in happiness 
and peace due to your good prayers 
in our behalf and the mercy of the 
Lord. May you all be the same. A 

short time ago I said I will write to 
you about my parents and my coun- 
try. Now you must know some of the 
things because of your trip to this 
country. My parents are in the Irish 
Presbyterian Mission. They both do 
religious work. There are six children, 



The Missionary Visitor 


— three brothers and three sisters. Of 
these I am the eldest. The husband 
of one of my sisters is a guard on the 
railway. One of my brothers is study- 
ing medicine and is now a compounder 
(mixer of medicine). Another brother 
and two sisters are still unmarried. It 
is our hope that they will all become 
workers in the vineyard of the Lord. 
There is still a great need for workers 
in the Lord's vineyard. Just as large 
as this country is just that far back 
is it in matters of religion. Of course 
owing to the spread of the Christian 
religion this country is advancing and 
we hope that just as now America en- 
joys great blessings so our country 
also shall be blessed. When the peo- 
ple learn of the true Christian religion 
and depart from false superstitions 
and divisions of caste then only shall 
we, the people of India, advance in the 
same degree that other peoples of the 
world do. Our country is more beau- 
tiful and pleasing to the eye than any 
of the other countries of the world, but 
because of the people who live here be- 
ing lazy and ignorant the country is 
called uncivilized. But our real hope is 
that a short time hereafter this coun- 
try shall become like the garden of 
the Lord, and the people dwelling here 
shall become like the people of the 
Lord. Now I have a desire to write 
much about my country and its people, 
but I do not know English, and per- 
haps the one who is translating for me 
may become weary. So I shall close. 
Now I especially request you that you 
will accept as a gift the doily which I 
knit with my own hands. If you will 
read the letters that appear in it you 
will know that I am not learned in 
that language, hence I was not able to 
weave it properly. Please accept this 
little gift. 

Priscilla Bhagwandas, 

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^^ "7^ y>^*6 -^ «^^^" »\i^« ji.r^J' 


The Missionary Visitor 



Rebecca C. Wampler. 

THE week of prayer was ob- 
served and great interest was 
manifested by the Chinese 
Christians. Earnest talks and prayers 
were offered and we feel much good 
will be forthcoming. " Intercession is 
the greatest working force in the spir- 
itual world," and until we get linked 
up with God by this force, God can 
not bless us as He would like. May 
God help us to continue in prayer that 
His blessings may be poured out upon 
His work. 

Bro. Yin leaves Feb. 1 for a month's 
vacation. He will spend it at his home 
in Shantung. Bro. Yin is the head 
Chinese teacher at the Boys' School at 
Ping Ting Hsien. His brother, who is 
employed at Liao Hsien in the capac- 
ity of buyer for the Boys' School there, 
will go with him. 

Kuo Nien, the Chinese New Year, 
will soon be here, and this is the time 
all our schools have vacation. In about 
a month school will reopen, and we 
hope at that time some new pupils will 

Sunday services are well attended. 
In Ping Ting Hsien the need of a 
churchhouse is very keenly felt. The 
chapel is always crowded to its capac- 
ity, and then there are some who can 
not get inside. The Chinese Chris- 
tians at this place decided to give sys- 
tematically to the work of God this 
year, and further decided that this 
year's giving should go toward a 
churchhouse. They have been most 
liberal in their pledges, some giving as 
much as two months' work — a sixth of 
their income for the year. This is a 

start in the right direction, and we are 
glad to see them take it. 

Dr. Brubaker and Dr. Wampler 
have gone to Shanghai to attend the 
Medical Missionary Conference which 
convenes Feb. 2. Doctors from all 
parts of China will be at this meeting, 
and many interesting papers on med- 
ical subjects will be discussed. The 
doctors will be gone nearly three 
weeks. On their return, Dr. Brubak- 
er and his family will go back to Liao 
Hsien. The workers, as well as the 
Chinese, will be glad to have the doc- 
tor with them again. During his ab- 
sence some of the workers have been 
sick and there have been many calls 
for medical help from the Chinese. 

It is hoped that the war in Europe 
will have a beneficial effect on China's 
method of obtaining funds to finance 
the country. The president has sent a 
telegram to the provincial authorities, 
forbidding them to borrow from any 
foreign source. The minister of 
finance, since Europe is occupied with 
her own affairs and needs her own 
money, will have to depend on domes- 
tic resources. Here he will have a 
chance to distinguish himself and to 
render to China' a priceless service. 

The winter solstice was observed by 
President Yuan Shih K'ai by going at 
sunrise to offer sacrifices on the Altar 
of Heaven, the first time in the history 
of China that one not an emperor has 
done such a thing. Troops lined the 
way from the Forbidden City to the 
Altar of Heaven enclosure, and the 
president used an armor-clad motor car. 


The Missionary Visitor 


in going to and from the ceremony. 
The details of the sacrifice were mod- 
ified somewhat and the whole cere- 
mony lasted about an hour. This is a 
unique ceremony in a land where there 
are so many idols. Once a year, from 
the earliest history of China, the em- 
peror, or Son of Heaven, has offered 
sacrifice directly to Heaven on behalf 
of the people of China. There are no 
gods in the enclosure and the Altar of 
Heaven is open to the sky. 

In the summer a little green snake 
was found near a temple in the west 
suburb of T'ai Ku, Shansi. A shrine 
was erected to it and hundreds of su- 
perstitious people have worshiped 
there. Truly, these are people who 
sit " in darkness." 

The problem of electing a president 
for China is at last settled. The presi- 
dent nominates three candidates, and 
their names are written on a golden 
tablet and kept in a golden casket, 
which is to be locked up in the stone 
archives and a key given to the presi- 
dent, the secretary of state, and the 
chairman of the state council. A pres- 
idential term is fixed at ten years, and 
the term may be extended by vote of 
the state council. If an election takes 
place, a committee of ten is to open 
the casket and the names will then be 
submitted by the president to an elec- 
toral college consisting of fifty mem- 
bers of the state council and fifty mem- 
bers of the lifayiian. The candidate 
receiving two-thirds of the votes cast 
is elected. If a two-thirds vote is not 
cast, then the two candidates receiv- 
ing the largest number of votes will be 
voted for by ballot, and the one re- 
ceiving the majority will be declared 
elected. The president himself is eli- 
gible and may be voted for at the same 
time. The oath of office the president 
takes is very simple : " I swear that I 

will honestly adhere to the constitu- 
tion and faithfully perform my duties 
as the president of this republic." 

A School of Forestry has been es- 
tablished in connection with the agri- 
cultural department of the Nanking 
University. The mountains of China 
are practically treeless. Only in small 
areas here and there are trees found. 
This school should develop a senti- 
ment which in time the people will put 
into practice. Then, the hills and 
mountains will be covered with trees, 
the climate will be benefited, and floods 
will be less frequent. 

It is becoming more and more rec- 
ognized that mission schools should be 
model schools. Only a small portion 
of China's millions have access to the 
mission schools and the others must 
be educated by the Chinese, either un- 
der government control or through 
some other channel. The mission 
schools ought to be able to provide 
wide-awake, well-educated, consecrat- 
ed teachers for these other schools. 
Why not? 

The number of church members in 
Shansi, taking into consideration the 
five missions at work in the province, 
has increased last year by an all-round 
average of 12 per cent. One or two 
districts reports out-stations opened 
and entirely financed by the Chinese 
Christians. The needs for the work 
are many: more efficient Chinese 
workers, a better-instructed church 
membership, more foreign workers, 
both men and women, more hospitals 
and medical missionaries, a greater 
spirit of initiative on the part of the 
Chinese. Above all, is the great need 
for a larger supply of the Spirit of God 
upon the missionaries and Chinese 
Christians. Pray for the work in 


The Missionary Visitor 



Emma Horning. 

SHE lives in a village over two 
miles from the city. Her little 
mud house is built up in a hill- 
side, with a number of others. She 
says she has had sorrow all her life, 
for when she got married her mother- 
in-law was very cruel to her, often 
beating her. Later in life she lost her 
husband, and now she is very poor and 
has serious heart trouble. The doctor 
is afraid she cannot recover. Her 
younger boy is in school, and we are 
caring for him, while the other one, 
only fifteen, is working hard every day, 
trying to make enough for them to 
live on. But it is a scanty living, in- 
deed, and we give her something oc- 
casionally for a good meal to 
nourish her delicate body. 

We visited her home early in 
the spring and had a very hearty 
welcome. All the neighbors 
crowded in till there was no more 
standing-room and we had sen- 
ices, telling them of our wonder- 
ful Gospel. Shortly after this she 
began to come to services here in 
the city. Each Sunday morning 
she walks almost three miles and 
stays to all the sen-ices. We 
wonder how her weak heart can 
stand it, but she says that Jesus 
gives her strength, and she is get- 
ting peace in her heart. She is 
studying hard each week, and if 
she stays well enough she will 
soon be able to begin to read the 
Bible. She is now telling her 
neighbors what she learns about 
Jesus. We look forward to the 
time when she will be the true 
light of that village, teaching the 
other women the way to peace. 

" Let us go out to my old 
home village and preach the Gos- 
pel to them," said one of our old 

women, who attends our services reg- 
ularly and says she will worship no more 
idols and witness no more theatricals. 
So we walked out to her village one fore- 
noon and received a great welcome. The 
people began to crowd in at once to 
see us, and brought us tea to drink. 
For three hours they came and left, 
visiting a part of the time, but most 
of the time we were telling them about 
the Gospel. We went through the 
Sunday-school chart several times, 
telling them the life of Jesus. They 
seem never to tire of the " sweet old 
story," for it has- the same wonderful 
attraction to the people of every na- 

A Pleasant Spot Near Iiiao Chou, China. 

Here the Liao Chou missionaries Tvill be glad to 
entertain their visitors from America, some sultry, 
summer afternoon, — if the visitors call! 



The Missionary Visitor 


When dinner was ready most of 
them still stood around and watched 
us eat. What did we eat? Well, first 
came a dry kind of pancake, rolled up 
for bread, which was served on a plate 
made of reeds, tied together with 
strings. These village people are not 
bothered with delicate china, which the 
children might break. Next came 
eggs and onions, mixed together and 
fried, and brought to us hot from the 
fire, frying-pan and all. From this we 
two ate with our chopsticks. The fam- 
ily had a kind of cornbread with greens 
mixed through it. After we were urged 
again and again to eat our fill, and we 
had done our best, they brought brown 
sugar water for us to drink. 

While we were eating, Mrs. Doe 
came to take us to her home and neigh- 
bors. Leaving this home we went to 
seven other courtyards, showed the 
people the chart and told them the 
story of their Savior. From fifteen to 
thirty listened each time. Some of the 
children, and also some of the older 

ones, followed from one place to the 
other and learned the story, so they 
could answer some of the questions I 
asked them. When we came to Mrs. 
Doe's poor little home we were de- 
lighted to find that the place where 
the paper gods had been pasted and 
the ancestral tablets are usually placed 
was filled with — what do you think? — 
tracts and booklets telling about the 
.true God. We had said nothing to her 
about this, but she wanted no more 
to do with the old gods since she has 
found the One That gives her peace. 

Other homes implored us to come 
and tell them, but it was getting late 
and we were tired from talking so 
long, so we said we would see them an- 
other day. The children still begged for 
Sunday-school cards, for the supply 
we had brought along did not near go 
around. We told them we would bring 
them some next time. So we started 
back, tired but happy, arriving at our 
home just in time for supper. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 


Edgar Allen Forbes, in " World's Work." 

YOU mav journey from the Golden 
Gate to Stevenson's grave in the 
South Seas, wind your north- 
ward way through the Pacific Islands 
to Canton and Shanghai, take the 
overland trail across Asia to Constan- 
tinople, or swing south to Bangkok 
and westward to Suez ; then you may 
circumnavigate the Dark Continent or 
cross it from Cairo to Cape Town and 
from Sierra Leone to Khartum, and in 
all these months and months of travel 
you will never be far from the Amer- 
ican missionary physician. His diplo- 
ma is from one or another of the best 
medical colleges in the United States, 
and his experience has been gained in 
a practice probably larger than that of 
any professor that taught him. 

These countrymen of ours are in the 
torrid belt of Africa and at Point Bar- 
row, four hundred miles within the arc- 
tic circle, where mail is delivered once 
a year. Their hospitals are in the New 
Hebrides and among the fisher folk of 
Labrador, a thousand miles north of 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence. They are ad- 
ministering chloroform in Jerusalem 
and Damascus and Tyre, vaccinating 
in Peking and Singapore and on the 
road to Mandalay, giving quinine in 
the malarial forests of the Zambesi, the 
Congo and the Niger. They are on the 
slopes of the Andes and high up in 
the Himalayas, " the roof of the 
world." There is a medical station at 
Harpoot, near the headwaters of the 
Tigris and the Euphrates, and these 


The Missionary Visitor 


are the instructions how to get there : 
" Cross the Bosporus from Constan- 
tinople to Scutari and take the train to 
Angora, going thence for three weeks 
by caravan." 

Instead of the familiar " doctor's 
buggy," these physicians make their 
calls in canoes, jinrikishas, palanquins, 
sledges, wheelbarrows, and hammocks. 
They tour the villages of the districts 
by boat, on elephants and camels, and 
afoot. They have no Waldorf-Astoria 
suites, but lodge in such inns as this: 
" A small room without windows and 
with no furniture except three beds. 
These are planks covered with dirty 
mats, upon which coolies had smoked 
opium for years. A pith wick in a 
saucer of peanut oil was the only light. 
The floor was black earth ; the walls 
were besmeared and moldy; every- 
where were vermin. The odor of 
opium-smoking and of pigs wallowing 

at the door pervaded the room." Their 
dispensary prescriptions are written 
in characters so strange that no Amer- 
ican druggist could fill them, and their 
instructions to nurses are spoken in 
tongues not learned at the mothers' 

Men tell us that this is the commer- 
cial age ; that our race is money-mad ; 
that in his swift pursuit of wealth the 
American takes not time to eat, to 
think, to pray, to help; and this is our 
reply : Of this widely scattered staff of 
physicians, comprising several hun- 
dred men and women, more than half 
are from the United States, and only 
a very small fraction have gone from 
other than Anglo-Saxon lands. The 
great majority of them are supported 
by the four aggressive denominations 
— the Presbyterians, the Baptists, the 
Methodists, and the Congregational- 

One of Our Native Brethren in the 
China Mission. 

" What are we to say about our duty in respect to the sending of missionaries to 
non-Christian peoples? Ought we to do it or not? Assuredly we ought. The call of 
God comes to us today as insistently as it ever did; the command of Christ has never 
been abrogated, ' Go ye into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature.' 
The death of the missionary spirit means ultimately the death of religious faith, and 
the death of religious faith inevitably involves the destruction of civilization itself. 
I say this deliberately and after careful thought. Let our religious idealism cease to 
propagate itself and the soul will die out of it. It will be with us as with the Israelites 
of old; it will be to our own spiritual detriment and the eventual collapse of our highest 
hopes for the social future if we cease to care about spreading good news concerning 
man's eternal destiny." — Rev. R. J. Campbell. 


The Missionary Visitor 



H. A. Clavbausrh. 

IT was on Easter Day, about five in 
the afternoon. A hymn for clos- 
ing had been selected at a street 
meeting, when a well-dressed young 
man stepped from the sidewalk to the 
street with the missionaries. He had 
been listening to the singing and 
preaching of the gospel Message. It 
was very noticeable that he had been 
drinking, but he asked to sing a hymn, 
which was familiar to him but not to 
the workers. He knew the tune and 
began singing. It was soon clear that 
he knew how to sing. One of the 
company was instructed to bring him 
into the mission. He was very much 
under conviction, and wept bitterly in 
sorrow and repentance. One of the 
first things which he did was to take a 
bottle of whiskey from his pocket, say- 
ing he could not be right and have that 
in his possession. 

We have observed that when the 
Spirit is searching men's hearts they 
pause in prayer and empty their pock- 
ets of whiskey, pipes, tobacco, gam- 
bling outfits, etc. Cases have been 
seen where nothing but tobacco could 
be found between a soul and full fel- 
lowship with God. Men have told us 
that they were convinced they could 
not be what God desired unless they 
would discontinue the use of all these 

After the young man had found 
peace he was asked to sing. He took 
a book, and for about an hour the 
souls of all present were touched with 
his appeals in song. A rich, full tone, 
coming from his heart, brought tears 
to many eyes, and left impressions 

never to be forgotten. All were eager 
to hear something of his past. 

For many years he lived in Ireland. 
He was one of the leaders in song in 
the church of which he was a member. 
He left a young Christian wife and 
child in the homeland and came to 
America to better his financial condi- 
tion, hoping soon to send for his little 
family. Alone in a strange land he 
fell into sin and became untrue to his 
wife and his God. 

Many times he would say he wished 
he could live the past fourteen months 
over again — months misspent. One of 
the saddest things in life is to look 
back over time which has been squan- 
dered. In a conversation with a man 
of 68 in the County Home, concerning 
his becoming a Christian, the follow- 
ing response was received : " I have 
been the black sheep of my family; 
have spent my money, wasted my tal- 
ents, possibilities and time all in the 
service of Satan. I am ashamed to 
ask the Lord to take what is left." 
This is a sad picture, a lesson and 
warning to the young, who are launch- 
ing upon life's career, to come and give 
the Lord the best of their lives. 

We were for some time in touch 
with the young man about whom we 
have been writing, and believe those 
bitter tears wrought true repentance. 
Although the wounds made in those 
fourteen months are healed, the scars 
remain. It seems that when sin passes 
through a being it leaves its mark. 
" Keep thyself pure." 

3435 V an Bur en Street, Chicago. 

No man can find out the resources of God until he tries to do the seemingly im- 
possible. — Selected. 

The " scar-marks " that we have received in behalf of Christ are the only test of 
our faithfulness as followers of the crucified Christ. — Zwemer. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bridge-water Church of the Brethren. 


M. A. Good. 

SUNDAY, Jan. 17, was a big day in 
Bridgewater. For some months 
we had been anxiously looking 
forward to the time when our new 
church would be completed and ready 
to dedicate. 

The commodious churchhouse at the 
north end of town has been used as a 
place of worship for nearly thirty-five 
years. During this time the church 
has increased in membership until it 
now numbers about 360. The Sunday- 
school has an enrollment of more than 
350, besides the Sunday-school at the 
college, which has more than 100 en- 
rolled. Of this number thirty-one be- 
long to the home department and thir- 
ty-three to the cradle roll. There are 
thirty-six in the teacher-training class 
at the college. 

For years the Sunday-school work- 
ers have felt the need of better equip- 
ment for their important work. Think 

of eight or nine classes meeting in the 
same room ! What a confusion ! We 
have a large number of young people 
in our congregation. They are the 
hope of the future church and ought to 
have the very best opportunities for 
developing into strong, faithful, effi- 
cient workers in the Master's service. A 
number of members and children could 
not attend services regularly at the old 
church on account of the distance. 

The college, too, has long felt the 
need of better church privileges for 
the young men and young women who 
attend school here. The new church 
is located just across the street from 
the college and will supply this urgent 
need. Parents who send their children 
here to school can now feel that they 
have a good church home as well as 
the school advantages. This ought to 
be an important consideration for all 
fathers and mothers who have sons and 


The Missionary Visitor 


daughters to educate. The college 
Sunday-school will unite with the Sun- 
day-school in the new church, thus 
giving the students the opportunity of 
working in one of the best Sunday- 
schools in the valley. 
I The church is built of native brick 
and stands on the north side of Col- 
lege Street, fronting towards the col- 
lege campus on the south. It contains 
twenty private Sunday-school rooms, 
besides the auditorium. 

The building is in the form of a 
cross, with four equal gables, and a 
belfry. Two cement walks lead from 
the street to the two front doors, and 
sidewalks lead to the rear entrance and 
to the basement. The interior is fin- 
ished in natural wood. The main au- 
ditorium is 64 feet by 42 feet ; the front 
wing 42 by 20, containing three Sun- 
day-school rooms on the main floor 
and three on the gallery; the north 
wing 42 by 16, containing a Sisters' 
Aid Society room (mothers' room) and 
a Sunday-school room on the main 
floor, and three Sunday-school rooms 
above. The two side galleries each 
have three Sunday-school rooms. The 
rooms on the gallery and the three 
rooms in front on the main floor are 
closed by accordion doors, and can be 
opened into the auditorium, giving an 
entire seating capacity of about 800. 
The baptistry is in the rear of the pul- 
pit and in view of the auditorium. 

The basement contains an audi- 
torium 64 by 42, two rooms in front 
for the primary department of the Sun- 
day-school, and in the rear the heating 
plant and the kitchen ; also toilets. The 
entire building is heated by a vapor 
system, lighted by electric lights, and 
supplied with lithia water from the 
town water system. 

Jan. 17, at 11 o'clock, the church was 

filled to its utmost capacity for the 
dedication services. Bro. H. G. Miller, 
our elder, was in charge of the meet- 
ing. After a hymn was sung, Bro. S. 
N. McCann led in the opening prayer. 
Bro. H. C. Early, of Penn Laird, Va., 
preached the dedicatory sermon. His 
subject was " Solomon's Temple." The 
large audience was impressed with the 
forceful sermon. Bro. Early is one of 
our best pulpit orators. 

After the sermon Bro. Miller gave 
the audience an opportunity to con- 
tribute to the deficit on the church, 
which was about $4,500. This work 
started with a surprise to many, when 
Bro. John T. Glick, a college student, 
stepped to the front, and in a pointed 
speech said the students and faculty 
would donate $650. In a short time 
the entire amount was secured and the 
church was dedicated free from debt. 
Bro. I. B. Trout closed with a very im- 
pressive dedicatory prayer. 

At 3 o'clock, Bro. Trout preached an 
excellent sermon to a crowded house, 
and at night Bro. Early began evangel- 
istic services. 

The church cost about $15,000. Add- 
ing to that the value of lots, cost of 
furnishing, walks, grading, etc., the 
value of the property would not be 
overestimated at $20,000. 

We commend the faithful work of 
the building committee, especially that 
of Bro. A. M. Miller, the chairman of 
the committee, who so efficiently kept 
watch over the construction of the 

We are very grateful to our Heaven- 
ly Father for our splendid church, and 
to the brethren, sisters, and friends 
who contributed so generously to this 
good work. 

Bridgewater, Va. 

There are comparative religions, but Christianity is not one of them.— Joseph Parker. 

He who has no passion to convert needs conversion. — A. T. Pierson. 

Expect great things from God; attempt great things for God.— William Carey. 

148 The Missionary Visitor 



Elgin S. Moyer. 

MANY times in our well-intend- 
ed, our supposedly-consecrated 
lives, we allow ourselves to rest, 
at ease, feeling confident that we are 
living surrendered lives, saying that we 
are willing to do anything or to go 
anywhere that the Lord directs. I 
hear many saying, " I am willing to go 
to India, China, or Africa, if the Lord 
calls me there." But pause, my broth- 
er, my sister. Do you really mean 
that? If your church should call you 
today to represent it on the foreign 
field, or if the Mission Board should 
ask you to offer yourself, would you 
do so? Remember, the Lord has given 
the call. He has said, " Go ye into all 
the world." That means you and that 
means me. That means to go to ev- 
ery nation under the sun. It is up to 
each of us to go just as far as we can, 
and when we have gone far enough to 
let the Lord say, " Stop, work here." 
But how many of us are saying, " No, 
I will stay at home till the Lord de- 
mands that I go where I do not want to 

Brother, that is not true consecra- 
tion ; that is not true willing or pur- 
posing. How much of a call do you 
want? You and I have already re- 
ceived the call, and it is up to us to ac- 
cept it or to reject it. If you are stay- 
ing at home, where you have an op- 
portunity of doing a little good, till 
you receive another and louder call 
from above, you may be disappointed 
and the Master may be disappointed. 
O brother, dare you disappoint the One 
Who came to a foreign, miserable, sin- 
ful world to save you? Why not go 
where there are untold opportunities ; 

go as far from the easy job as you can? 
Let your light shine into the dark cor- 
ners of the earth, where it can shine 
for the most. True, there is much to 
do next to your door, but why be self-! 
ish? Why not let that work to some 
brother who longs to go to a more dis- 
tant field, but is detained by Provi- 
dence? God may be saving that place 
for him, and if you refuse to go where 
the other brother can not, and remain 
in his place, see how you may be frus 
trating God's plans. Why not do as) 
Jesus bids and go into all the world? 

Yes, you say that you are willing; 
but oh, the inconsistency ! Have you; 
made -the least effort to step out of 
your own home circle? Have you 
longed and prayed that God would use 
you to evangelize Africa, South Amer- 
ica, or the islands of the sea? If youi 
have not, be very slow about saying 
that you are willing to go anywhere. 
If you have longed to carry the GosI 
pel to the darkened world ; if you have 
prayed God to use you in the evangel- 
ization of the world, and if you have 
actually made efforts to this end, and 
God has blocked your way, then give 
your time nearer home, and try to sendl 
some one as your proxy. Why be will- 
ing to go to a foreign field, and them 
rest in ease at home, refusing to ac- 
cept the need of the field, the call of 
the church and of Christ Himself as a 
direct appeal to you? How much mora 
of a call do you need? 

When Barnabas and Saul received 
the call from the church, they at once 
were ready and prepared to go. Some 
of you have received direct and per| 
sonal calls from your church, or from 
the Mission "Board, and from Christ, 
and yet you refuse. Why not will or 
purpose to do your duty ; to do all you. 


The Missionary Visitor 


can for the Master? If you are not 
willing to carry the Gospel to foreign 
shores how can you expect to be ready 
to go, even though the Lord should 
give you a special vision, an abnormal 
call? It is the man who purposes to 
do God's will, who wills to carry His 
Gospel to the uttermost parts, and not 
the man who is willing to do this or 
that or nothing, that is going to do his 
part in the world evangelization. Dear 
brother and sister, it takes purposing 
on our part to do right and to be the 
most useful to God. If we purpose to 
carry the light into the most intense 
darkness, and to go to the hardest 
places of the world, and God stops us 
short of that and we are thus disap- 
pointed, it is better than to be willing to 
go or to stay, yet refuse to go and thus 
disappoint God. 

Consider how many of our mission- 
aries have gone to the field in face of 
opposition and in spite of untold dif- 
ficulties. The Apostle Paul prayed for 
years that he might go to Rome, be- 
fore the way was finally opened up to 
him. Even God Himself for a time 
seemed to block the way. Yet through 
Paul's continued prayers and his pur- 
posing and willing he reached Rome. 
And think of the wonderful work that 
he did there ! Raymond Lull, the mis- 
sionary to the Mohammedans, mani- 
fested a splendid spirit of real purpos- 
ing. He saw the need and thus felt the 
call so strongly that he was determined 
to spend his life where his heart was. 
When he was eighty years old, after 
being driven from the country a second 
time, he again set his face toward duty, 
where he had lived a missionary's life, 
but soon died a martyr's death. Carey 
and Judson would never have done the 
work for Christ in India that they did, 
had they not willed to go to the front 
in spite of all odds. Would our own 
missionary movement be what it is ; 
would we have the force on the field 

that we have, were it not for our own 
dear Bro. Stover, who for years 
planned and purposed to go to India? 
Surely, that active, aggressive, mis- 
sionary work has done what passive 
" being willing " could never have 

Dear volunteer, and Christian mis- 
sionary, are you willing to do the Mas- 
ter's work? Remember His final com- 
mission. Christ has but one way to 
evangelize the world, and if we do not 
will to do our part, oh, think of the 
souls that will be lost because of our 
unwillingness or our passive " being 
willing." Brother, awake ! What are 
you doing ! Are you marching to the 
front in spite of the fire of opposition 
and of all the coaxing of the devil, or 
are you sitting comfortably at home 
and volunteering and saying, " Yes, 
I'm willing," but allowing Satan to tell 
you that you have so many wonderful 
opportunities at home, and that you 
have not yet received the call? "Lift 
up your eyes and look on the fields, 
that they are white already unto har- 
vest." " The harvest indeed is plen- 
teous, but the laborers are few. Pray 
ye therefore the Lord of the harvest 
that He send forth laborers into the 
harvest." Pray this prayer earnestly 
and then ask God if you can not go and 
help to save the people for whom you 
are praying. Do all you can, go as 
far as you can, and save as many souls 
as you can, and when you begin to do 
too much God will stop you. But 
above all, be sure that you make an 
honest effort to do all that God would 
have you do. 

3435 Van Bur en St., Chicago. 

Can I look my Master in the face and 
not be ashamed, because I have given 
Him all that He has asked of me? 


The Missionary Visitor 



Benjamin F. Summers. 

DURING this school year the 
Mount Morris Mission Band is 
devoting time to the study of 
Islam, and finds the subject worthy of 
much consideration. The book used is 
" Islam, a Challenge to Faith," by 
Samuel M. Zwemer. In this volume Is- 
lam, as a religion from its beginning 
to the present time, is quite thorough- 
ly discussed. And as a subject for 
mission study classes we highly recom- 
mend it. To give a complete summary 
of the subject would be more than 
space will permit. We simply offer 
the following as suggestive of further 
study : 

Islam is the mightiest of non-Chris- 
tian religions as regards numbers. It 
dates back to the year 622 A. D., when 
in Arabia it originated under the lead- 
ership of Mohammed, who was an 
Arab of aristocratic standing and in 
many respects a great man. By his 
followers he is considered the highest 
and most excellent of the creatures of 
God's hand — last and most perfect of 
the messengers to declare His will to 
man. They revere him as an ensample 
possessing a character beyond ques- 
tion. His name is never uttered with- 
out the addition of a prayer. How- 
ever, Mohammed did not hold himself 
in such high esteem, neither did his 
early followers. He has been changed 
from human to divine by later tradi- 
tion. But to study his life in the light 
of Christian teaching, his character 
was, indeed, very questionable and 

The rapid spread of Islam is almost 
a marvel. " Only one hundred years aft- 
er the death of Mohammed his follow- 
ers were masters of an empire great- 
er than Rome at the zenith of her pow- 
er." And today they are equal in num- 
ber to one-eighth of the population of 

the globe. There are " fifty-eight mil- 
lions in Africa, sixty-two millions in 
India, thirty millions in China, thirty- 
five millions in the Malay Archipelago, 
and one quarter of a million in the 
Philippines, not to speak of the lands 
that are almost wholly Mohammedan 
in western Asia." The question as to 
how Islam spread so rapidly can not 
be answered in short. However, three 
factors are prominent : (1) The power 
of the sword, which forced many to 
become adherents in the earlier cen- 
turies ; (2) individual missionary zeal ; 
(3) the standard of Moslem life, which 
is so low that great effort is not need- 
ed on the part of downcast individuals 
to attain to its height. 

The social and moral conditions of 
the people are extremely base, and il- 
literacy prevails to a surprising and 
appalling extent. No better proof of 
the inadequacy of the religion is need- 
ed than a study of the present intel- 
lectual, social, and moral conditions of 
the Arabs. " As regards morality, 
Arabia is on a low plane. Slavery and 
concubinage exist everywhere, while 
polygamy and divorce are fearfully 
common. Fatalism, the philosophy of 
the masses, has paralyzed progress, 
and injustice is stoically accepted. 
Bribery is too common to be a crime, 
lying is a fine art, and robbery has 
been reduced to a science. . . . 
Arabia is only typical of other Moslem 

The Moslems believe in God and are 
strong anti-idolaters. But " their con- 
ception of God is negative. Absolute 
sovereignty and ruthless omnipotence 
are His chief attributes, while His 
character is impersonal — that of a 
monad. The Christian truth that 
' God is love ' is to the learned Mos- 
lem blasphemy and to the ignorant an 
enigma. Mohammed's idea of God is 
out-and-out deistic. God and the 
world are exclusive, external and eter- 


The Missionary Visitor 


nal opposition. . . . Mohammed 
teaches God above us ; Moses teaches 
God above us and yet with us ; Jesus 
Christ teaches a God above us, God 
with us and God in us." 

Though the Moslem religion is a 
missionary religion, and they claim 
God is the Object of their worship, 
nevertheless they are enemies of the 
cross of Christ and a foe to Christian- 
ity. They hate the Christian religion 
and are gathering to their number 
many whom we Christians should win 
for Christ. But, though they be our 
foes, we should endeavor to gain them 
for Christ. The task is great, but it 

can be accomplished, for such is God's 
will. Many mission societies are ac- 
complishing much good, but much re- 
mains to be done. The call for volun- 
teers is great, and the opportunities are 

Fellow-volunteers, we know not 
what we can do in this work, but we 
know that we can at least have an in- 
terest, and that our interest will avail. 
Let us pray that God's will be done 
throughout the Moslem lands, and 
work to this end, and in His own good 
time it will be accomplished. 

Mt. Morris, III. 

"And here are crumbs to feed some hungry one; 
They do but grow a cumbrance on my shelf " — 
And yet, one reads, our Father gave His Son, 
Our Master gave Himself. 

"The day of formal praying and petty giving is over, and the day of 
big things has come." 

There are ten times as many preachers of the Gospel in the State of Iowa as there 
are in all of South America. — Kinsolving. 

Our Juniors in Sweden, at Work. 

From thirty-five to forty children between the ages of ten and fourteen meet 
every Wednesday evening for two hours' work. We have Scripture reading, song 
and prayer. We have the children do as much of this as possible. — J. F. Grayblll. 


The Missionary Visitor 





When I was in North India I heard this 
story of one of the mission hospitals there: 
A young married woman was lying ill in 
one of the wards, and whilst there was dai- 
ly taught of the love and compassion of 
the Savior; soon she desired to know and 
to serve Him. Her husband, a Mohamme- 
dan, was told of her wish and was exceed- 
ingly angry and had his wife removed im- 
mediately from the hospital, and prevented 
her being visited by the mission ladies. Just 
before the " doolie " arrived to take her 
home, she tearfully called the doctor and 
sister to her side and said, " I can be taken 
away from you, but not from Christ, for I 
can pray to Him even behind the purdah, 
but I want you to remember my desire. 
You know Jesus well, I only know Him 
a little; when you meet me at the judg- 
ment seat of heaven, just go to Him, and 
tell Him who I am and how anxious I was 
to publicly confess Him on earth. Make 
it plain to Him, please." No mission lady 
will probably ever see her again, but surely 
we can rejoice that medical work was the 
means of winning one such patient to the 
feet of Christ. 

Nov. 10 was Ploughshare Day at the State 
Deoartment. Washington. About twenty 
ambassadors and ministers from foreign 
countries called at Mr. Bryan's office, and 
each received a shining little paper weight 
in the form of a miniature ploughshare 
which Mr. Bryan had caused to be made 
from remnants of old swords. On one side 
was inscribed, " Nothing is final between 
friends," and on the other, " Diplomacy is 
the art of keeping cool." Mr. Bryan gave 
the paper weights only- to representatives 
of nations which have signed arbitration 
treaties with this country. 


As to childhood in a Moslem country, let 
me give you an instance in my own experi- 
ence. There was. a house- in a town in 
Persia where I used to visit. It was the 
home of one of my schoolboys. There was 
a little girl of about seven years of age, 
bright and happy, just bubbling over with 
life, like any English little girl of seven. 
Being so young she was allowed to play 

about when I was there. One day the boy 
came to me and said, " Sir, can't you come 
and help us?" I asked what he wanted me 
to do. He said, " You know my little sis- 
ter? Well, she is to be married this week. 
Do come and try to stop it." I went to the 
father, whom I knew well. I argued and 
pleaded and persuaded, but all to no 
purpose. He said she was eight years 
old and that it was time she was 
married! And the boy burst out with 
the cry, " She is not yet eight years 
old!" So she was married to a man of 
thirty-five, and all the light was darkened 
and the joy and childhood of her life blotted 
out. And even now I seem to hear her 
brother's cry, " She is not yet eight years 
old!" — James H. Linton, in Church Mis- 
sionary Review. 



It is great to be out where the fight is 

To be where the heaviest troops belong, 

And to fight there for man and God! 
Oh, it seams the face and it tires the brain; 
It strains the arm till one's friend is pain, 

In the fight for man and God. 
But it's great to be out where the fight is 

To be where the heaviest troops belong, 
And to fight there for man and God. 

— Maltbie D. Babcock. 


Twenty-odd years ago, with the Holy 
Spirit as my Guide, I entered at the portico 
of Genesis and went into the art gallery of 
the Old Testament, where, on the wall, 
hung the pictures of Enoch, Noah, Jacob, 
Abraham, Elijah, David, Daniel, and other 
famous prophets of old. 

Then I passed into the music room of the 
Psalms, where the Spirit swept the key- 
board of my nature and brought forth the 
dirgelike wail of the weeping prophet, Jere- 
miah, to the grand, exultant strain of the 
twenty-fourth Psalm, where every reed and 
pipe in God's great organ of Nature seemed 
to respond to the tuneful harp of David, as 
he played for King Saul in his melancholy 

Next I passed into the business office of 
the Proverbs and into the chapel of Eccle- 


The Missionary Visitor 


siastes, where the voice of the preacher was 
heard; then over into the conservatory of 
the Song of Solomon, where the lily of the 
valley and the rose of Sharon and the 
sweet-scented spices perfumed my life. 

I stepped into the prophetic room and 
saw telescopes of various sizes, some point- 
ing to far-off stars or events and others to 
near-by stars, but all concentrated upon the 
Bright and Morning Star which was to rise 
aoove the moonlit hills of Judea while the 
shepherds guarded their flocks by night. 

From there I passed into the audience 
room, and caught a vision of the King 
from the standpoint of Matthew, oi Mark, 
of Luke, and of John. I then went into the 
Acts of the Apostles, where the Holy Spirit 
was doing His office work in the formation 
of the infant church. 

From there I went into the correspond- 
ence room, where Matthew, Mark, Luke, 
John, Paul, Peter, James, and Jude sat at 
their desks penning their epistles to the 

Then I passed, last of all, into the throne 
room of Revelation, and saw the King sit- 
ting high upon His throne, where I fell at 
His feet and cried, " God be merciful to 
me, a sinner." 



1. Two hundred and seven million bound 
by caste — Hinduism. 

2. One hundred and forty-seven million 
permeated with atheism — Buddhism. 

3. Two hundred and fifty-six million 
chained to a dead past — Confucianism. 

4. One hundred and seventy-five million 
under the spell of fatalism— Mohammedan- 

5. Eight hundred million sitting in dark- 
ness — Paganism. — L. B. Wolf. 

back again and relieve her of her anguish. 
Her little child was at the point of death, 
and already one of the little one's " three 
spirits " had left the child's body and was 
wandering away. The Chinese believe that 
we all possess three spirits, and when they 
leave the body that body dies. The poor 
mother was quite sure that unless that spir- 
it could be found and nersuaded to go back 
again, the child must die. So, turning her 
back upon the suffering little one, the wom- 
an in her anguish hastened through street 
after street, calling for the spirit to come 
back. A knowledge of Jesus Christ and 
His love for little children would soothe 
that aching heart as nothing else can. — 
Awake, June. 



And what of the pioneer fields still wait- 
ing? If men are not daunted by difficulties 
when urged on by the desire for temporal 
success and wealth, shall the soldiers of 
the Cross, with a far grander inspiration, 
hold back? I love to think of some of our 
missionaries, who, when they were told 
that the British Government could not guar- 
antee protection if their labors caused the 
Mohammedans to be excited, replied that 
they would do so without protection. " But," 
said the government, in effect, " if you are 
British subjects we shall be bound to pro- 
tect you, and therefore you must not evan- 
gelize among Moslems." " Then," said the 
missionaries, " we will give up our British 
citizenship!" And we honor them. There 
is an inspiration more captivating even 
than patriotism for your country. It is pa- 
triotism for the King of kings. And, men, 
the commission of the victorious Christ has 
not lost its meaning for the church. The 
prime authority in heaven and on earth, 
once given to Christ, has never been ceded 
to Mohammed. The power of Christ is 
still available and availing. — James H. Lin- 
ton, in the Church Missionary Review. 


The evening was drawing on, and from 
the darkening twilight of a long narrow 
street there rose a bitter wail. Ringing out 
upon the still air, it told of agony beyond 
words. What was it? 

Hurrying down that little thoroughfare 
in a Chinese city was a woman calling plain- 
tively for some one or something to come 

The Mississippi Supreme Court on March 
1 upheld the May-Mott-Lewis law prohibit- 
ing the keeping of intoxicants in social 
clubs. In this decision the court said: 

"Whiskey is a. good thing in its place; 
there is nothing like it for preserving a man 
when he is dead. If you want to keep a 
dead man put him in whiskey; if you want 
to kill a man, put whiskey in him." 


The Missionary Visitor 




w **. 

6s 1 

W&fi *$&*. 


- Sr 


si ^ .«*». «■ 

Frances Elizabeth Holsopple. 
Age Ten Weeks. 

India Darling's. 

Barbara Catherine Arnold. 
Age Six Weeks. 

Leah Ruth Ebey. 
Age Five Weeks. 


Kathren R. Holsopple. 

THREE new babies have come in- 
to the mission. Three little sun- 
beams have come to brighten 
our homes. Three little treasures have 
come to bring ever-increasing joy into 
the lives of their parents. 

They have been here only a short 
time, but we could not do without 
them. Their smiles and tears are al- 
ready part of the day to which we look 
forward. We wonder now how we 
ever got along without them. The 
wonderful joy they bring into the 
hearts of those about them can only 
be realized by those who have experi- 
enced parenthood. 

But can you parents in the homeland 
really realize the joy these little ones 
have brought us? We are far from 
our homes and our friends. We have 

many things to meet every day which 
make our hearts ache and which bur- 
den us. We have around us only those 
of a different race, who can not under- 
stand us and our ways. There are just 
two of us. Both are in the work and 
have the burden of it. Then into this 
home comes a dear, innocent, pure ba- 
by, fresh from our Heavenly Father. 
No! You can not realize the joy these 
babies bring to us. 

" But don't they interfere with your 
work? Don't they take your time and 
make it harder for you?" Listen! 
Perhaps they do not allow us to go 
on with some kinds of work, but they 
help so much in other ways. How our 
Indian Christian people love them ! 
They are drawn to us through our dear 
babies. They love them and are so 
proud of them ! 

Yes, they do take some time, but if 
they grow up to be good women, who 


The Missionary Visitor 


will help the church carry the Gospel 
to the people among whom they were 
born, will it not be time well spent? 
Yes, they do make extra work. We 
must be so careful of their clothing-, 
the sun, the mosquitoes, the fleas, at 
diseases which are on all sides 
cool mornings and evenings an 
middays, the dirty milk and wate 
many other thing s_w hich are 
stant care to the mother. An 
do it all so gladly. Th^^re 
are nothing compared with th 
gladness they bring. 

Three babies have come am 
Three little missionaries have come to 
those around them. Three little souls 
have come to live for Him. 


When the Lord of the grea< and the 

The Potter Whose hand shap^M 
Sets a child in the midst of the ma^SM 

Where the world-people chatter all d^iH 
Sets a child with its innocent questions, ^ 

Its flower face dimpled and fine, 
In the very heart's core of the clamor 

A thought of the Maker Divine, 

And men, in their lust for dominion, 

Their madness for silver and gold, 
Crush the beauty and charm from that 

Make the flower face withered and old, 
Bind the hands and the feet with a tether 

That childhood can never untie; 
Deem not that Jehovah unheeding 

Looks down from the heights of the sky. 

From the mine where the midnight en- 
gulfs it, 
From the mill where the clogged air is 
With the dust of the weaving that chokes 
From the home, where it's fevered and 
With man's toil, when God meant it for 
The child in the midst in our clay 
God-moulded, greed-marred, calls to Heav- 
For the vengeance we're daring, this day. 
— Margaret Sangster. 


Nettie Carlisle. 
HE was only a little African girl ten 
years old, but she had learned to love 
~esus, and her heart was so overflow- 

ing yith joy and happi: 
to share her blessinj"" 
Her life had! 
she was a little's 
sold her in pay 

icked young mar 

ife. He treated hjfl 
ing that she was^B 
work in the field B 
of the schools of the. 

" I have heard that 
and girls to be good 
the teacher in charge 
and I want you to tr; 
do good work in my 

Poor little Ninga! 

ss that she longed 

ith everyone she 

a very sad one, 

e girl. Her father 

t for a debt to a 

bought her for his 

cruelly, and find- 

ung for the hard 

ought her to one 

ca Inland Mission. 

jou train the boys 

rkers," he said to 

' This is ray wife, 

er so that she can 

Lis by and by." 

■e was so shy and 

frightened that for s H: days Miss Emily 
could get hardly a word from her, but her 
big black eyes see Hn to be pleading, 
"Don't beat rrie; I will fclo the best I can." 
Soon her fears vanished in the atmosphere 
,of love and kijH s which surrounded her. 
jShe learned to laugh and shout as the chil- 
dren played their merry games, and no 
Bcew^ sweeter thari hers in song and 
: was bright and quick in her 
learned to read and write. 
Her occasionally, and 
^LMiss Emily found 
her sobbing bitterly. 

the matter, Ninga?" asked her 

■soon to take 
away. Don't let him take me, teacher, 
will beat me ^B want to stay 


^pbeen talking, 
the ^ icjafe, for this was 
BritiSB Africa^ and knew that 
could s^e-thr child by paying her fathe 
debt, so she answered kindly, " Don't 
Ninga. I will try to keep you at the school 

She paid the money to the Jiusband from 
her own small salary, and Ninga was free. 

Oh, how happy the poor child was! " Dear 
teacher, how I love you!" "she said. ^fl| 
wish I could be your slave forever." 

" Be a good girl, Ninga," said her teach-v 
er kindly. " That is all I ask of you." 

As the days went by Ninga, sitting in 
the mission chapel, heard often the story o« 
the wonderful love of Jesus, Who died tov 
save her, and her young heart took thelj 
message gladly. 

One day she lingered in the schoolroom 
till all the others had gone out, and then 
said timidly: "Teacher, I love Jesus, and 
I am going to be His child always. I did 
not know till I came here that it was wrong 
to lie and steal and say bad words, but I 
have given them all up. I pray to our Fa- 
ther every night, and oh, how He helps 

A few weeks after this Ninga came run- 
ning in one day, much excited. 

"Teacher," she cried, "there is a little 
slave girl down in the village, and her mas- 
ter treats her dreadfully. She is nearly 
starved, and he beats her every day because 


The Missionary Visitor 


she can't do the heavy work in the fields. 
Please take her into the school, or she will 

" I should like to take her, Ninga," an- 
swered Miss Emily, sorrowfully, " but - I 
have not the money. I might spare enough 
to pay the debt, but' there is only mission 
money enough to feed and clothe the chil-\ 
dren who are here, now." 

Ninga turned sadly away, but the next 
day she came back crying. " O Miss Emily, 
please, please take that poor little girl in! 
He has beaten her Itili she can scarcely move 
and her back and arms are full of bruises." 

" How can I take her. Xinga, when I have 
no food for her to eat, or clothes to wear?" 

" I will give her half of mine," said Ninga, 
eagerly, " and she can sleep with me in my 

" Will you give her one of your dresses, 
Ninga?" asked the teacher. 

Now Ninga's sole earthly possessions 
consisted of three little cotton dresses. OneM 
a red calico, sent by a kind friend in Amer- 
ica, was Ninga's special delight and care- 
fully kept for bestigj 

"Yes, I'll give her a dress, and half of 
my food every day§§j 

Each child at the mission received a daily 
allowance of a quart of dried peas or beans, 
which they were taught to prepare and cook 
for themselves, or else a very small basket 
of potatoes. Small as this allowance may; 
seem, it was more than they had lived on in 
itheir own wretched homes, and they grew 
and thrived upon it. 

\" Very well, Xinga," said Miss Emily. 
"\ will go to the village, and see what I 
can do." 

Again she paid the ransom price out ofj 
her own purse, and after about an hour's 
absence returned with the little stranger. 

Ninga, who had been watching by the 
gate, gave a shdut of joy. 

"May I give her a bath, teacher?" she 
asked, and, receiving permission, obtained 
a cake of soap and started with her charge 
for the river. 

The poor child sadly needed a bath, for 
she had never had one before. When at 
length the two girls returned, Miss Emily's 
eyes filled with tears, as she saw that the 
stranger was wearing the little red dress. 
Ninga's most precious treasure. Which of 
us would have been so generous? — World 


Lmenca — 

In rowing a botft we pull. 
We always turn to the right. 
: We use a soft pnre^M 
Our sign of mourning "is black. 
Our windows are made of glass. 
We shake a friend's hand. 
We eat with knives and forks. 
Our language has an alphabet. 
We write with a pen or pencil. 
We read from left to right horizontally. 

We begin at the front of the book. 
In our schools we study in silence. 
Our day has twenty-four hours. 
We arrange our calendar by the sun. 

Our children stand facing the teacher 
when they recite. 

We never make presents of coffins. 

Americans seek and win their brides. 

When we sew we draw the needle toward 

Here dessert is served at the end of a 

Our given name comes before the sur- 

The needle of our compass points toward 
the north. 

Our watchmen gro their rounds quietly 
with a view to catching thieves. 

We take off our hats as a mark of re- 

China — 

We don't, we push. 

We turn to the left. 

A hard one suits us. 

Ours is always white. 

We make ours of paper. 

We shake our own hands. 

We use chop-sticks. 

Our language has characters. 

We make our characters with a brush. 

We read from left to right, from the top 

We begin at the back. 

That is dull. Why, we all shout. 

Ours has twelve hours. 

We have always arranged ours by the 

Our scholars bow, then turn their backs 
to the teacher. 

We think they are the nicest thing tc 
give a friend. 

Our parents arrange all that for us. 

We push the needle from us. 

We begin with the dessert. 

Our surname comes first. 

Ours points to the south. 

Our watchmen shout and beat gongs. 

That is why we keep ours on. 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the February Visitor the $5.00 credited 
to M. E. R., Canada, to Belgian Relief should 
be credited to M. E. R., Canada, Italian Mis- 
sion, Brooklyn. Proper transfer of this 
amount has been made. 


During the month of February the General 
Mission Board sent out 83,833 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board is pleased to 
acknowledge the receipt of the following do- 
nations during the month of February: 

Virginia — $350.51 . 

First District, Individuals. 

W. R. Layman, $18; Mrs. F. D. 
Kennett, $1; Mrs. Martha A. Riner, 

50 cents, ' 

Second District, Individuals. 

S. C. Smucker, Bridgewater, $100; 
E. D. Klndig, $4; J. D. Zimmerman, 

Bridgewater, $1, 105 00 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Timberville, $$93; Flat Rock, Cedar 
Grove, $6.98; Woodstock, $5.36; Mt 
Zion, $4.50; Peach Grove, Salem, $7 
Frederick City, $9.62; Salem, $2.78 

Flat Rock, $3.77, 133 01 


Mary C. Shaver, $30; S. H. Han- 
senfluck, $10; Rebecca Miller, $5; D. 
M. Wine, $5; John K. Andes, $2.50; 
Maggie E. Gochenour, $2; D. S. Neff, 
$1; Mrs. John W. Huffman, $5; John 
W. Huffman. $5; Susan Fahnestock, 
50 cents; J. O. Kirby, $1; J. J. Goch- 
enour, $1; A. B. Hockman, $1; D. G. 
Fahnestock, $1; Mrs. B. A. Solen- 
barger, $1; Annie M. Hansenfluck, $1; 
Flora Varner, $1; C. B. Miller, $1; R. 
C. Brovles, $1; Annie Hershberger, 
$1; J. B. Comer, 1; J W. Comer, $1; 
W. C. Comer, $1; Lydia Garber, $1; 
Rebecca Wine, $1; J. W. Myers, $1; 
Mrs. W. R. Doll, $1; Mattie F. Good 
and Delilah F. Bushong, $2; Mada 
Andes, $1; Lela S. Neff, $1; Mary 
Smith, Powells Fort, $1; M. Alice 
Showalter, $1; Wilson Sidney, $1; 
Samuel Pence (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Polly Ann Nicholson, 25 

cents 90 75 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Elizabeth Harley, $1; Ella L. 
Myers, $1; B. F. A. Mvers, 25 cents, 2 25 

Illinois— $107.46. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

West Branch, 27 46 


Jos. J. Fike, Milledgeville, $50; 
Jennie Sanford. $20; Elizabeth Kint- 
ner, $2; A. C. Wieand, $1; Mrs. Ida 
Emmert, Mt. Morris, $1: Mrs. Jos. 
Stitzel, Lanark. $1; A. H. Stauffer, 

Polo, $1; A Sister, Sterling, $1, 77 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Mary A. Brnbaker, Virden. $1.50; 
S. Vansycle, $1; H. J. Berkev, 5 

cents, 3 00 

Indiana— $98.87. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Wawaka, $18.81; "Walnut, $15; Elk- 
hart Vallev, $8.09: Bethany, $3.22; 

North Liberty, $1.50 .' 46 62 


Mary A. Lammadee. $2.50; David 
Whitmer, S. Bend, $1.75; John Hunt- 

ins ten. $150; Florence Bosler, $1; 
T. D. Butterbaugh (marriage notice), 

50 cents $ 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Hickory Grove, (Camden), $15; 

Pleasant Dale, $12.50 


A. M. Eby, Ft. Wayne, $1; John 

E. Miller, 50 cents 

Southern District. Individuals. 

E. O. Norris, $10; Nellie Faussett, 

$1; Ross Martin, Anderson, $5 

Ohio — $94.82. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lick Creek, 


Lydia Fried, $10; F. A. Sellers, 
Greenspring, $1.50; A Sister. $1.15; 
J. E. Roberts, $1; Maggie M. Roberts, 


Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Canton City, $10.35; Black River, 

$8.74; Chippewa, $6.73, 


A. F. Sh river, Akron (marriage no- 
tices), $1; Samuel S. Feller, $1, .. 
Southern District, Congregations. 

Palestine, $23.18; Greenville, $18.57; 
Pleasant "Valley. $3 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket, 3!f. ' 


David Hollinger, Grpenvillo (mar- 
riage notice), . 

Pennsylvania — $85.36. 

Western District. Congregation. 

JohnstownMr. rtmtpfk. 

Individuals. Jj| 

A Brother. Meversdale. $35; Sam- 
uel Baker, Elk Lick. $5; T. G. Miller, 
$1.20; Norman Rose, $1; W. M. Howe, 
Meyersdale (marriage notice), 50 


Middle District. Individuals. 

Anna E. Miller, $5; Geo. A. Arm- 
strong. $5; D. G. Snyder, $1, 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 


Eastern District. Individuals. 

S. Frances Harner, $1.20; Henry 
Bollinger, SI; Cassie Toder. $1, ... 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Catharine Garland, $2; A Friend, 

Waynesboro. $1 

Tennessee— $51.00. 

W. H. Sw^dley, $50; Mrs. Lizzie 

V. Keeble, $1 

Nebraska— $49.70. 

Bethel. $26.45; Pioneer, $1 


Kearnev. $12.50; Lincoln, $8.75, . . 

Wm. McGaffey, 

Missouri — $47.35. 

Middle Di=trict. Congregation. 

Spring Branch, 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Dry Fork 


C. W. Gitt. $25; Clara Miller, $1. . . 
Kansas — $28.00. 
Northwestern District. Individuals. 

Sarah Horting, $5; Mrs. Flora Tem- 

pleton, Belleville. $1 

Northeastern District. Individuals. 

S. J. Heckman. $10: Nora Shivelv, 
$10; Annie M. Kauffman. Abilene. $1; 
W. P. Strole, Kansas City (marriage 

7 25 
27 50 

1 50 
16 00 

5 70 

14 65 

25 82 

2 00 

44 75 
1 40 


11 30 

42 70 









51 00 













6 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


notice), 50 cents, ? 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Mary Luckey 

California — -$22 .60. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Jennie S. Brower 

Southern District, Congregation. 



Mrs. Mary M. Hep.ner. Covina. . . . 
Iowa — $22.00. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

H. I. Metz, $10; Marv Ogg. Greene. 

$1; A. M. Suramy. Waterloo, $1 

Middle District. Individuals. 

Wm. E. West. -?5; Mrs. A. E. Bone- 
steel, $2; Hazel Etay, SI: Lydia Om- 
men,- SI. J. B. Spurgeon (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; John I. Diehl (mar- 
riage noticed. 50 cents, 

North Dakota — $21.20, 

Rock Lake, 


A Brother and Sister, Carrington, 
Oklahoma— $16.97. 

Olive E. Ihrig, $5; Gilbert Brubak- 
er, S5.47; Bertha Ryan Shirk, $1; D. 
E. Cripe (marriage notice), 50 cents, 

In Jesus' Name, 

Arizona— $15.00. 

Peter Forney, 

Michigan — $15.13. 

Thornapple, :tfB ?-- ■ • •> • - ? • 


J. J. Scrogum, S2; J. C. Jones, $10; 

A Hart Friend, $-1, 

North Carolina— S12, 00, 

Mrs. Wm. Frisbee. $11; Mary .E. 

Cochran, Golden. $1, 

West Virginia— $10,00. 
First District, Individuals. 

Dynn Mott, $1; Jennie Burgess. -?2; 
Ella Rexroad, $1; Sara L. Idleman, 5 

cents _._. 

Second District. Individuals. 

Frank Drain. S4.50; Martha Bosely, 


Colorado — $6.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. H. M. Long 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Clara E. Michael 

New Mexico — $5.00. 

Ira Shively 

Idaho— $5.00. 

E. P. Fike 

Maryland — $3.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Miss L. Kenney, SI; Amos Wam- 

pler, $1 

Middle District, Individual. 

Delia M. Galor 

"Washington — $2.50. 

Jacob McMillen, Wenatchee. $2: D. 
H. Fouts (marriage notice), 50 cents, 
Sweden — $2.50. 

Mrs. Eliza Ekberg. Malmo 

New York — $1.50. 

R. A. Nedrow (marriage noticed, 
$1; F. F. Ne'drow (marriage notice), 

50 cents 

Nevada— $1 .00. 

Mrs. H. J. McDaniels 

Texas — $1.00. 

Lora Beebe 

Minne sota— $1 .00. 











12 00 

10 .)0 

16 20 
5 00 










12 00 





















1 50 
1 00 
1 00 

TV alter Thoman. Lewiston ? 100 

Canada — $1.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

G. A Porchet, 100 

Total for the month S 1,077 91 

Previously received, 34,621 03 

Total for the year -S35,69S 00 

Ohio — $1.50. 
Southern District. 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket S 1 50 

Nebraska — $1.00, 

Pioneer. l 00 

Total for the month S g 5| 

Previously received, 688 

Total for the year .$ 691 46 

Ohio — $38.61. 
Northwestern District. 

Class, Sunshine Band, Pleasant 

View .? 36 61 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

East Nimishillen, 20 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

S. W. Blocher, Poplar Grove 32 03 

Illinois — $27.18. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Pine Creek, 12 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Astoria 15 18 

Pennsylvania — $1 6,00. 
Southeastern District. Individuals. 

Eld. and Mrs. J. P. Hetric, 16 00 

Oregjon — $7.95. 

Bandon 7 95 

North Dakota — $6.40. 

Williston 6 40 

New Mexico — $5.00. 

Tesso, 5 no 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Clara T. Brandt and Daughter. . . n on 

Virginia, — $1.00. 
Second District, Individual. 

Mrs. Fannie Miller, Barren Ridge 1 00 

Total for the month, .? 157 14 

Previously received, 2.739 25 

Total for the year ? 2,896 39 

Ohio — $37.58. 
Northwestern District, S. S. Class. 

Sugar Grove ? 12 50 

Northeastern District. 

Junior Boys and Girls. East Nim- 
ishillen 15 08- 

Sunday-school Class. Smithville, ... 10 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Levi E. Blocher and wife, Poplar 

Grove 50 00 

Virginia — $10.00. 

First District, Sunday-school. 

Troutville 10 00 

Nebraska — $7.00. 

Susie McLellan 7 nn 

Washington — $5.10. 

East Wenatchee, 5 10 

Indiana — S2.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Susan V. Renforth, Upper Fall 
Creek 2 00 

Total for the month .? Ill 68 

Previously received, 1,117 95 

Total for the year, .S 1,229 63 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio — $25.00. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Kate and Edith Riley $ 25 00 

Indiana — $25.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

M. K. Reiff and Family, Burnetts- 

ville, 25 00 

Virginia— $0.50. 

Ezra D. Kinzie 50 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

50 50 
352 67 

Total for the year, $ 403 17 

Iowa — $2.25. 
Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class, Panther Creek,? 2 25 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, . 

2 25 
155 03 

Total for the year, 

Kansas — $2.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 
Mrs. W. H. Intrikin, Abilene, . . . 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

$ 157 2S 

2 00 

2 00 
85 79 

Total for the year 

Okla liom a — $3.00. 
I Congregation. 

Thomas, . . . . 

}l Indiana — S2.C0. 

■ Middle District. Individual. 

Mary J. Stutsman 

Nebraska— $1.00. 
| Congregation. 


I California, — $1.00. 

II Southern District, Individual. 

| A. A. Neher 

.$ S7 79 

3 00 

2 00 
1 00 
1 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 

Previously received, 1,087 42 

Total for the year $ 1,094 42 

Washington— $1 5.0O. 

Seattle Chinese Mission $ 15 00 

15 00 
230 04 

Total for the month 

Previously received, 

Total for the year, $ 245 04 

< Indiana — $24.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

West Goshen, $ 22 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary J. Stutsman, 2 00 

Ohio — -$22.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Owl Creek 22 00 

Calif ornia— -$22 .00. 
Northern District. 

Primary Department, Raisin City 

Sunday-school 22 00 

Missouri — $20.00. 

Middle District. Sunday-school Class. 

Willing Workers, Spring Branch, 20 00 

Canada— -$11.00. 
Western District, Sunday-school. 

Keithville Union, 11 00 

Michigan — $11.00 
Aid Society. 

South Woodland, 11 00 

Montana — $6.63. 
Mission Band. 

Boys and Girls, Medicine Lake, 6 63 

Pennsylvania — $.6.00. 
Eastern District', Individuals. 

Miriam W. and Henry W. Bucher, 
Indian Creek, 6 00 

Total for the month $ 122 63 

Previously received 809 77 

Total for the year, $ 932 40 

Ohio — $1.61. 

Southern District. 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket, $ 1 61 

Indiana — 4j>l .00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary J. Stutsman 100 

Total for the month, $ 2 61 

Previously received, 357 74 

Total for the year, $ 360 35 

Indiana — $12.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Washington $ 5 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mary J. Stutsman, $1; Mrs. Mollie 

Toney, $1 2 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Summitville 5 00 

Ohio — $10.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Jonathan Creek 10 00 

Kansas — $10.00. 

Southwestern District, Aid Societv. 

McPherson 10 00 

Virginia — $5.00. 

First District, Aid Societv. 

Brick, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 37 00 

Previously received, 663 02 

Total for the year, $ 700 02 

Ohio — $32.25. 

Northwestern District, Christian Workers. 

Green- Spring $ 19 25 

Aid Society. 

Green . Spring, 8 00 


Sugar Grove, Greenspring 5 00 

Illinois — $7.71. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Polo, 2 71 


Maurice M. Cluts 5 00 

Colorado — $6.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

N. O. Horning, $5; A Sister, $1, . . 6 00 

Maryland — $6.0O. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Helen R. Wolfe, $3; Mary R. Wey- 

bright, $3 6 00 

Indiana— $2.00. 

Middle District. Individual. 

Mary J. Stutsman 2 00 

Kansas — $0.60. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Isaac B. Garst, Quinter, 60 

Iowa — $0.50. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

C. W. Shelly, 25 cents; F. H. Heil- 

man. 25 cents 50 

Virginia — $0.50. 

First District. Individual. 

Ezra D. Kinzie 50 

Total for the month, $ 55 56 

Previously received 510 06 

Total for the year $ 565 62 

Indiana, — $2.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary J. Stutsman $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Total for the year 2 00 

Washington — $19.40. 


Augustus Bush, $5; L. H. Metzger, 


The Missionary Visitor 

$2; Ed Shock, $5; Lettie Wagoner, $5; 
Ben Ikenberry, $1.80; Sister Level, 60 
cents, • i 

19 40 

Total for the month, 
Total for the year, 

19 40 

19 40 

Kansas — $35.99. 
Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Larned, .' $ 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

S. J. Heckman, 

Pennsylvania — S 13.00. 
Western District. 

Berean Bible Class, Johnstown, . . 
Middle District, Individuals. 

Crist and Ella Kimmel, $1.50; Gal- 
en Walker, 50 cents; Edith Norris, 
$2; J. B. and Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, 


Michigan — $10.42. 


Oregon — $10.00. 

W. N. Carl, 

Colorado — $5.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

A Sister, 

California— $3.CO. 

Northern District, Sunday-school Class. 

Patterson Young People 


Mr. and Mrs. G. F. Altpeter 

Canada — $3.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Mary E. Rhodes 

New York — $2.00. 

An Italian Brother, Brooklyn, . . . 
Illinois — $1.00. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

Amos E. Wolfe and wife, Sterling, 
Indiana — $1.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Guy E. Forsman, 

Virginia — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

J. H. Diehl, 

25 99 
10 00 

5 00 























Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

85 41 
89 47 

Total for the year $ 174 88 

Virginia — $25.50. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Mill Creek $ 25 50 

Indiana — $20.60. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Albert Gump 100 

Middle District. 

Manchester College 18 60 

Southern District, Individual. 

Ollie Lester Cross 103 

Nebraska — $14.42. 

Bethel, 14 42 

Kansas— $7.50. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Bloom, 7 50 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M. Gibson 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $4.56. 
Middle District. 

Primary and Junior Department, 

Fairview, 156 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bonebrake 3 00 

Total for the month $ 77 58 

Previously received, 1,042 80 

Total for the year $ 1,120 3S 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 
E. S. Coder, Smithville, 



1 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, . 

1 00 
28 50 

Total for the vear, $ 29 50 

Illinois — $3.80. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 
Lamotte, $ 3 SO 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

3 80 
89 32 

.$ 93 12 

Total for the year 

<£ J8 

Christ wants the best. He in the far-off 
Once claimed the firstling of the flock, 
the finest of the wheat, 
And still He asks His own with gen- 
tlest pleading, 

To lay their highest hopes and bright- 
est talents at His feet. 
He'll not forget the feeblest service, 
humblest love. 
He only asks that of our store we 
give to Him 

The best we have. 

Christ gives the best. He takes the 
hearts we offer 
And fills them with His glorious 
beauty, joy and peace. 
And in His service, as we're growing, 
The calls to grand achievements still 
The richest gifts for us on earth, or in 
the heaven above, 
Are hid in Christ. In Jesus we receive 
The best we have. 

And is our best too much? O friend, 
let us remember 
How once our Lord poured out His 
soul for us, 
And in the prime of His mysterious 
Gave up His precious life upon the 
cross ! 
The Lord of lords, by "Whom the worlds 
were made, 
Through bitter grief and tears gave us 
The best He had. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member 

H. C. EARLY, Perm Laird, Va, 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester. Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 


Wine, A. F. . . .Aagade 2t>, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C. . . . .Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, . Friisgatan No. 2, Malm6, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F Friisgatan No. 2,' Mai mo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna M . Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., . Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H., ...Ping Ting Hslen, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N . . . .Pi 

Cripe, Winnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., . . . ..Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Horning, Emma, ... ..Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, . . Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, ..Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., ..Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, . -Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., . .Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, .... Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R„ India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, . Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z., ...Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M., ...Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R, R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond ...Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., ..Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam .Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K,, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B., . . Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) ..358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), . . .35S No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, . . . . Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Q. A, . . .Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., . ..Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I., . . .Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effie V Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Miller, Eliza B. ...Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara N., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B., . Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine I. R. R., India 

Royer, B. Mary, . . Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A W., . Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., . . .Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, ..Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Widdowson, Olive, ....Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Zlegler, Kathryn, . . . .Anklesvar, B: B. C. I. R. R., India 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

This is Moving Time 

And America is on the Wing 

likewise v.ho are moving- to town 

had their sales. And it is the time of year when they are making final settlement for 
that farm that the; Likewise the products of 1914 are being 

on the strength of 

Would you like to realize a high rate of interest from the 
proceeds of that $1.50 wheat? 

any money to invest? If so, why not place It taking o . 

annuit.v^bonds in return? We pay as high a rate of interest as can be justified, 
mensurate with the fair earning power of money. Besides, the principal is Free from 
Taxes, you have Become Your Own Executor, and are of that perpetual 

trouble, worry and that is attendant upon the safe investment of your prin- 


fe from moth to corrupt, from the cupidity of tl 
and from the dangers of a broken will after you are gone. 

Our Annuity Plan Has Stood the Test of Years 
' Our Annuitants all Vote in its Favor 

Read what Brother D. L. Miller, a most careful 

investor, has to say about this plan of 

missionary work 



of the 





as the dates 

for alwa: 

due. I 


ing for 


it ' 


The following amounts have been 

paid by us in annuities since the 

plan was inaugurated in 1896 


- 081.49 




: 536.7" 


, 7,111.92 














The plan t. a can in easy. Our book- 

lets explain ti horoughly. A postcard will bring them to 

Are you interested ? Why not write to us ? 

General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 



yt*, c^^t^- ptLcuJ- ^^~~^-^ ^^ ~£~^y- <*^-^> 

j i ^_^<s*^y / ct-d^ZeZ^i-. uS-U^-*z^£„ ^^-c_-t "?L-t^-i-«-*-«^-*-^ CruL, 

f trr- 

cJ Z^cLe^s tb~^L t^U^e- 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be 
given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing 1 House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for May, 1915 



Giving Out of Our Poverty, By Galen B. Rover, 165 

Giving Till It Hurts, By W. M. Howe, 167 

Giving Till It Doesn't Hurt, By E. H. Eby 169 

Notes from India, By Mary Stover, 174 

China Notes for February, By Rebecca C. YVampler, 175 

The Mirror and Reflector, By the Editor, 187 

Joy of Tithing, By Nora M. Shively, 208 



Its Authority and Practical Value, By Paul Mohler 171 

As Compared with the Assessment Plan, By Ross D. Murphy, 172 

The Every-member Canvass for Missions, By S. C. Miller, 173 


Small Beginnings, 177 

The Great Appeal, By J. Kurtz Miller 178 

Going to See the Devil and Finding Christ, By John G. Caruso, 180 

Our Brother Cornelius — Acts 10: 1, Bv Paul Stanlev Gray, 182 

Are the Italians Teachable? By Mary M. Miller 184 

Our Italian Brethren, Bv Eld. A. B. Barnhart 185 

A Good Will Center, By L. J. Fadoyer, 186 




The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVII MAY, 1915 Number 5 


In thousands of our Brethren homes, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, 
preparations are being made at this time to attend our great Annual Con- 
ference at Hershey, Pa. Not only will the Conference be a time of blessed 
reunion, but also a period for inspiration. By a little effort beforehand 
each one of us can, whether we attend or not, assist in making the Con- 
ference a mighty spiritual force. 

The General Mission Board comes before you this year with an appeal 
as in former years, but with an appeal of more intensity than ever before. 
We have reached a period of actual want in funds. Oar expenditures for 
the past year have exceeded our income; so much so that, at the close of 
our fiscal year, ending Feb. 28, iqi 5, we found ourselves facing a deficit of 
almost $2,000. This is the first time we have ever closed our year with a 
deficit. It is not occasioned by a' lapse in giving, but, owing to the ex- 
pansion of our work in the foreign field, our expenditures have increased 
more rapidly than our income. It is the natural residt of a healthy work 

Of course such a condition must not, can not, long continue. Our 
efforts abroad have expanded and prospered. The Lord has answered the 
prayers of many consecrated hearts. And now that the work has grown, 
we must care for that for which tve have prayed. The facilities of our 
workers must be the best that we can supply. It is folly to send them out 
without fully equipping them and supplying them with the proper facilities 
and sinews for this spiritual war. The Board keenly feels this responsi- 

There are many reasons why we should give this year, comparing our- 
selves with other peoples. The European war has not come nigh us; we 
arc suffering neither the terrors of invasion nor conquest. Our people live 
mostly in the country, and business depression has not affected them. 
Their crops have brought unusual prices. Neither flood nor fever nor 
famine, that stalks abroad in some lands, threatens us. How blessed zve 
are in this world which is flowing with rivers of blood! 

We trust that you will at once set the day for your special offering 
Let the time be Sunday, May 23, if possible. Announce the date as early 
as you can, mention the time each Sunday, pray over your work entrusted 
to our care, and on the special day planned, give unto the Lord as He has 
prospered you. This great work with us is a mutual blessing and a mutual 
responsibility. The church shares alike. May each one of us be found 
willing to assume our proportionate share. 

Deeply appreciating your splendid cooperation with us in His service, 
we are, In His Name, 

General Mission Board. 


The Missionary Visitor 



We have just received a very pressing 
invitation to take dinner with Brother 
and Sister Lichty at Umalla, India. Bro. 
Lichty says that they have bushels of 
roses now; also that they have celery, 
lettuce, cabbage, potatoes, beets, car- 
rots, tomatoes, egg plant, onions, and 
beans. Those who think our India 
workers have only rice and curry upon 
which to thrive will be surprised to 
know of such a variety of vegetables. 
Living out of cans, as we do, we should 
much like to accept the invitation ex- 
tended us. 

N\ \\\ \ 

A young sister, from a church of 
very few young members, writes : 
" Some members think we can not carry 
on a mission study class, but if we get 
our shoulders to the wheel and push, we 
will succeed." This sister has the right 
idea. A mission study class need not 
be expressed in terms of numbers so 
much as in zeal and faithfulness. 

The Mineral Creek (Mo.) Juvenile 
Mission Band has assumed the support 
of little Barbara Arnold in India. This 
is the first of our missionary babies to 
be assigned for support to others than 
those supporting the parents. We have 
many babies of our missionaries that 
would love to be supported by such or- 
ganizations as Mineral Creek's Juniors. 

The cost of support for missionaries 
on the foreign fields is $300 per year; 
of children, up to 8 years of age, $75; 
thereafter until 18 years, $150 per year. 
Brethren Graybill's in Sweden and 
Wine's in Denmark are yet available for 
assignment, and we should be glad if 
some organizations would decide to as- 
sume their support. 

Through the thought fulness of Bro. 
W. B. Stover the Mission Rooms have 
been favored with a bound volume of 
Prakash Patra, our India periodical. Al- 
though we can read nothing that it con- 
tains, excepting the pictures, yet we 
know from reports that it is filling a 
special need in our India work. 

Likewise we appreciate the recent 
copy of the "China Year Book" that 
has recently been sent to us by Bro. F. 
H. Crumpacker, in China. This book, 
containing the names of all missionaries 
in China, gives a very clear glimpse of 
conditions in that great, new, expanding 

We trust that our readers will study 
carefully the " Missionary Mirror and 
Reflector " as presented on other pages 
of this issue. We hope that the re- 
flection of your congregation will stir 
you to greater activity in matters of mis- 
sionary finance. If the reflection of 
your congregation pleases you, well and 
good; if it does not please you, within 
whose ability is it to change the re- 

The new certificate for faithful work 
in the Bible Memory and Devotional 
League, as explained in the March 
Visitor, has awakened a considerable 
interest. For this we rejoice. Thus far 
the following have received certificates : 
S. N. McCann, Bridgewater, Va. ; Iva 
Bowman, Bridgewater, Va. ; W. B. Var- 
ner, Bridgewater, Va. ; Anna R. Roller, 
Timberville, Va. ; Cora L. Heestand, 
Elkhart, Ind., and Lois Rodabaugh, 
Williamstown, Ohio. All correspond- 
ence regarding this work should be ad- 
dressed, The Missionary Visitor, 
Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dr. Fred J. Wampler, after a con- 
siderable period of study at Pao-ting- 
fu, China, has settled down at Ping Ting 
Hsien, and we presume has hung out 
the proverbial shingle. However, from 
his reports he has not been compelled 
to wait long for practice. He reports 
for the four months that he worked in 
1914, the following: One thousand five 
hundred dispensary calls, twelve opera- 
tions, 100 boils lanced and teeth ex- 
tracted, and 104 opium patients treated. 
Do you think that he needs a hospital? 

A sister from Pennsylvania, in send- 
ing us $3 for mission work, says : " En- 
closed find $3 worth of my prayers for 
the India Boarding-school." We doubt 
not but that the prayers of those who 
can not give are answered ; but for those 
who can give, we suggest that after you 
have prayed it is a good thing to give 
substantial aid to the prayers that you 
have offered. Thus has our sister as- 
sisted in her supplications before the 


Why should we give to missions? 
" Where your treasure is there will your 
heart be also." If your treasure is in 
India, there will your heart be ; if in 
China, your heart may be found in that 
land. But if you keep your treasure all 
at home, never look abroad for your 
heart. It is contrary to divine princi- 
ples for you to have your heart in one 
place and your treasure in another. 

In an editorial in the April Visitor 
we mentioned the deficit in the funds of 
the General Board, at the close of their 
fiscal year Feb. 28, 1915. We have re- 
ceived many inquiries as to whether 
missionary receipts were falling off. In 
reply we beg to state that receipts are 
not falling off. They are increasing, but 
our expenditures have increased at a 
more rapid pace than our receipts. For 
instance the following: 

In 1910 we had 36 missionaries on the 
field; now 58 missionaries. 

In 1910 our world-wide income was $56,- 
000; this year, $83,300. 

In 1910 we spent in India $27,000; the 
past year, $43,000. 

In 1910 we spent in China $3,800; the past 
year, $24,000. 

In 1910 we paid in annuities, $16,600; the 
past year, $25,900. 

Ml r 

We can hardly say that we have had 
a lull in giving, nor have the hard times 
been especially felt, if we can judge by 
our past normal rate of growth. But 
the missionary child has grown rapidly. 
Shall we supply more food or deny the 
child? This question is one that will be 
uppermost in our minds from now on 
in our missionary endeavor. We have 
great faith in the willingness of our 

Drs. Wampler and Brubaker, with an- 
other physician of Shansi Province, 
China, recently attended a medical mis- 
sionary conference at Shanghai. They 
report that their party of three physi- 
cians is almost half the number of for- 
eign doctors in the whole province of 
Shansi, with its 12,000,000 people. 

We hope that the articles on the 
Brooklyn Italian work, as appearing in 
this issue, will be carefully read by our 
great Visitor family. Bro. J. Kurtz 
Miller is dealing with a weighty prob- 
lem that has received all too little atten- 
tion by our people — the immigrant prob- 
lem. He needs assistance. A little as- 
sistance from all will place him in a 
very favorable position to do effective 

" It is said that the Cathedral of St. 
John the Divine, in New York City, has 
already cost $7,000,000, and that before 
it is completed another like sum will be 
expended. What would the Master 
say ! What would He do, should He 
come to visit the cathedral ! Certainly 
the One Who had no place to lay His 
head would not sanction the extrava- 


The Missionary Visitor 


gance. We venture the prediction that 
should the Master come, He would 
spend little time at the place. Rather, 
He would be among the poor, the needy 
and the sick upon the streets of that 
sin-sick city. He would still be the 
Man Who had no place to lay His head. 

An exchange defines the tithe as 
God's cure for covetousness. Judging 
from the effects of tithing in the lives 
of those who we know have adopted that 
standard, we believe the statement is 
clearly proven. And also, judging from 
the fruits of those who most strenuously 
oppose the standard of tithing, we be- 
lieve that the truthfulness of the state- 
ment is again revealed. Very few who 
reach a standard of giving which equals 
the tithe are opposed to the tithe. Usual- 
ly it is those who fall below. And of 
those who fall below the tithe, very few 
oppose the principle of the tithe. The 
strongest opposition comes from those 
who could afford to give one-tenth, but 
who are unwilling to do so. They are 
the ones who need a cure; but how can 
they be persuaded to take God's rem- 

Sister Eliza B. Miller, who is re- 
turning on furlough from India, expects 
to reach New York City early in May. 
She has arranged with Bro. Miller, the 
superintendent of our " Brooklyn Mis- 
sion Home," for quarters in the 
" Waterloo room." This room was 
furnished by her home church (Water- 
loo,Towa) in 1908, and named by Sister 
Miller's grandmother, " The Waterloo 
room." Sister Miller will not be ready 
for any engagements among the church- 
es until after the Hershey Conference. 
Until then she will aid Brother and Sis- 
ter J. Kurtz Miller in the Italian Mis- 
sion and make a study of the " Great 
Home Foreign Mission Field " in Great- 
er New York City. Her mail will reach 
her at 358 Sixtieth Street, Brooklyn, N. 
Y., care of the Brooklyn Mission Home. 
-J. K. M. 

After thirteen years of incessant, 
self-sacrificing toil, the missionaries of 
the Southern Sudan Mission, Africa, re- 
port their first convert baptized. What 
a life is the life of faith! 


As Conference time approaches and we look forward to receiving several 
thousand subscriptions for the Visitor, both in renewals and new subscribers, 
we are moved to make a few suggestions whereby you can greatly assist us. 

In renewing your subscription be sure and renew under the same name 
to which the paper has been addressed. Because a different name is handed 
in we sometimes send two papers to the same family. 

If your subscription lacks six months or more of expiration, do not renew. 
Our terms will not allow your name to be advanced from that expiring date. 
Send the paper to some one else, or if you do not desire to do so, the money 
thus saved goes into missions. 

In arranging your lists for Conference, if, through your congregation's 
offering, you have the privilege of sending a few subscriptions to others, then 
hand in their names; always try to give poor or disinterested members the 
preference. The primary purpose of this generous offer of the Board is to 
educate our people more fully in the joys of giving. 

Please remember that it will take time to get the thousands of names on 
our lists after Conference, but if you do not receive the paper in a reasonable 
time, kindly drop us a line. We are anxious that all may get the paper who 
are entitled to it. And if we know of an instance where those entitled do 
not receive it, we are more than glad to correct the oversight. 

Most sincerely, The Editor. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Galen B. Royer. 


NO one will deny that giving is a 
special grace and the mark of a 
large-hearted, truly-Christed soul. 
Jesus Himself spoke much in favor of 
this grace. " It is more blessed to give 
than to receive," apparently was an 
oft-repeated saying of His, and this is 
simply emphasized by the command, 
r Give, and it shall be given to you ; good 
measure, pressed down and shaken to- 
gether, and running over, shall men give 
into your bosom " ; and by another com- 
mand, " Give to every man that asketh 
thee. Sell that ye have, and give alms ; 
provide yourselves bags which wax not 
old, a treasure in the heavens that fail- 
eth not." At least to one Jesus condi- 
tioned perfection — and we are com- 
manded to be perfect. " Go and sell that 
thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou 
shalt have treasure in heaven." He re- 
inforced this command by saying, " For 
where your treasure is, there will your 
heart be also." 

Having Christ for their Ideal, seek- 
ing to be obedient to Him in the real 
spirit of His commands, the poor Mace- 
donians, even while having much af- 
fliction, rejoiced in their poverty and 
abounded unto riches of liberality (2 
Cor. 8). Strange combination — "af- 
fliction," " deep poverty," " rich liberali- 
ty " ! The world has never been crowd- 
ed with congregations thus marked of 
the Lord Jesus. 

The secret of the Macedonian Chris- 
tians being thus liberal under such un- 
favorable circumstances lay in the fact 
that they gave themselves first. The 
great difficulty is that it takes most of 
us a whole lifetime to learn to hold " 
loosely to things . of this life, and to 
throw all of self into the life to come. 
It has been said of some Christians that 
when they were baptized they handed 

their pocketbook to a bystander before 
going into the water, and therefore it 
was not consecrated to the Lord. But 
the larger danger is that people, in their 
renouncing the world, do not consider 
that possessions and how they are to be 
held is a part of that renouncing — often 
the most prominent part — and thus de- 
ceive themselves in their very giving of 

When self is given, the largest vic- 
tory is gained. Such are real over- 
comers of the world, the flesh, and the 
devil. And when this is rightly accom- 
plished what one has does not belong 
to him, but to the Lord, and to self 
simply as distributor. When self is 
given, the spirit of accumulation and 
" laying by for the rainy day," or for 
the next generation to quarrel over, 
passes out of the life. Such walk by 
faith, live by faith, and rely upon God to 
supply all their needs (Philpp. 4: 16), 
spiritual and temporal. Such lives all 
true missionaries live, and no less stand- 
ard does God expect of His children 
on the home base. 

When self is given, the unnecessary 
and frivolous of life disappear, and 
what would that not mean in most 
Christians ! Many things would disap- 
pear from our person, our homes, the 
farm, the store, the life, when shorn of 
the unnecessary and frivolous. Of 
course standards differ. In this one can 
not judge another; but we should judge 
ourselves so that we be not judged of 
God in that which we allow ourselves. 
Stop and reckon what funds would be 
available if you lived according to this 

When self is given, the appreciation 
of what Christ has done becomes so 
keen that sacrifice in giving is made and 
counted a joy and great privilege. How 


The Missionary Visitor 


beautifully this is illustrated in the Af- 
rican girl, who brought two and one- 
half guineas for the church offering! 
She was slow to tell where she got the 
money — an unusual amount, and a poor 
girl as she was. But at last she told her 
pastor that she had sold her life into 
slavery and brought the price of it to 
the Lord. She had seen the Christ, and 
what was her life compared to being hid 
in Him? On that basis how many of us 
have seen the Lord? 

When self is given, even the poorest 
have much to give for the Lord's cause. 
What was the matter with Zaccheus, that 
he became so liberal all of a sudden, giv- 
ing and restoring, not the exact amount, 
but several fold? He had seen the 
Christ and his whole nature was 
changed. What was commendable in 
the widow was not the amount that she 
gave, but its relation to what she had 
left — nothing. Her heart went out after 
God in sincerity. She loved much. 
She gave all. 

When self is given, increased income 
does not change the simple life we once 
lived into a more luxurious one. This 
change, taking advantage ©f God's in- 
creased favor, robs the church of much. 
Today it is not only the high cost of liv- 
ing, but far more, the cost of high liv- 
ing, that is the bane of Christianity. It 
is said of one of the Wesleys that when 
he began to preach he received fifty 
pounds per year. He lived on forty and 
gave ten to charity. When his income 
was increased to one hundred he still 
lived on forty and gave sixty, and when 
it was increased to 250 pounds he still 
insisted on living on forty pounds and 
giving away 210 pounds. If Christians 
had such principles fixed in their make- 
up Jehovah would not hesitate to prosper 
them, for it would mean to prosper His 
cause. But when He gives and we use 
it after our own lusts, is it any wonder 
that the Lord withholds and His cause 
languishes ? I have known weekly wage 

girls who could not save $2 per week, 
over and above their needful living, giv- 
ing $10 to $20 per year to charity be- 
cause they had given themselves. I 
know others with broad acres and much 
property that will not give $10 or $20 
per year for all their spiritual blessings. 
To them the blessings are not worth it, 
for they have not first given themselves. 
Now, dear brethren and sisters, it is 
useless to talk about walking in the 
straight and narrow way and not finding 
it a way of self-denying charity — that is, 
denying one's self of apparent necessi- 
ties in order to give to the work of the 
kingdom and the care of the poor. It 
is not proper that we should go on tell- 
ing of Christ's sacrifice for us, and not 
make any for His cause ; of how He be- 
came poor that we might be rich in 
glory, and then go on with no other 
thought than to accumulate all we can 
of this world's goods ; of how wonder- 
ful was His humiliation when He left 
heaven for earth and our salvation, and 
then to go on seeking wealth, ease and 
comfort, and exaltation for ourselves 
and our families ; of how He emptied 
Himself, but we seek to be full of this 
world, its ease, pleasure, and power. 

No, no ! Not in word but in act 
must be the love which we show Him 
through His poor, who are always with 
us. Daily we must learn more and more 
to give up the things that please our 
eyes, gratify our tastes, and satisfy our 
senses. We must change our standard 
from " Can I afford to spend this for 
myself?" to "May I rightfully deny 
myself this?" The true Christian seeks 
not additional comforts, but what in- 
dulgences he may forego in order to 
have more to give to the Lord. By so 
doing he makes his habits simple, his 
wants few, his comforts plain necessi- 
ties. He gives up luxuries which perish 
with the using, in order to win the love 
of God. Indeed, holding loosely the 
things of time and clinging firmly 


j y i r. 

The Missionary Visitor 


through Jesus to things eternal, he 
must count it an " unspeakable gift " to 
lay his all on the altar of the Lord. 
Such can give out of their poverty un- 
til they beg for places to abound in their 

giving, and all the world wonders where 
they get it to give. Such a spirit makes 
possible rich gifts from meager hands 
because they first gave themselves. 


W. M. Howe. 

AT the close of a council meeting 
more than a score of years ago a 
good deacon, who had just been 
authorized to replenish the church treas- 
ury for needed repairs, approached me 
before I could leave the church and 
asked for five dollars for the above pur- 
| pose. He said that was what he thought 
I should give. Never before was I in 
I like manner so surprised. To say I was 
I not pleased told the truth about my f eel- 
j ings, only in a negative way. I was too 
| full for utterance in the church. By the 
i grace of God I was dumb. I opened not 
I my mouth but my purse, and acted in 
; harmony with my brother's desires. I 
: knew there was paper to the above 
amount in my pocket, but it was hard to 
part with it, for I knew there was little 
else beside. I went home with a lighter 
purse and a heavier heart than I had 
planned for. I do not now recall ever 
| before having given more than pennies 
: to such causes as promised nothing (?) 
in return. Probably for the first time I 
had given cash till it hurt. 

"When I was young father asked of 
me a task that was about unbearable for 
a boy that didn't fancy work on the 
farm a tithe as much as work and play 
at school. The proposition was for me 
to miss school and help raise potatoes 
two days or more in the fall of the year. 
I made a weak attempt with mother in 
the kitchen to beg off, but knowing the 
futile results of this, even though 
mother might appear to sympathize 
with me, I took it out in pouting and 
picking potatoes. Suffice it to say the 

task was doubly hard. This ungrateful 
boy surely was giving till it hurt. 

A hungry tramp begged bread at a 
sister's home. It was her good old 
mother's rule never to turn such 
strangers empty from her door. This 
daughter had been taking some pride in 
formally walking in her mother's steps, 
but without, we think, the good spirit 
her mother had. On this occasion she 
was over-busy and her larder not over- 
full, and so she excused herself to the 
stranger. But he replied, " I was told 
you'd give me something." Quick as a 
flash she retorted, " I will," and, stirred 
within because she did not have her 
way, and because some niggardly neigh- 
bor had sent this beggar to her door, 
she brought in haste some apple butter 
bread to the hungry man and said, 
" Take that and go, and I don't want 
you ever to come again." She was giv- 
ing till it hurt. 

An offering for missions was being 
received. A brother, wdio had been very 
sparing in his giving, was momentarily 
stirred by the good sermon which the 
pastor had just preached, and felt im- 
pressed to give ten dollars. But he 
argued that no one expected it, and 
concluded therefore to throw in the 
basket no more than five dollars and 
(after further thought), if no one was 
looking, he believed he'd just drop into 
a noisy corner of the basket three silver 
halves. He both hoped and believed no 
one would look, but still for emergency's 
sake he kept the five in hand. Now, 
will you believe it? — when it came his 


The Missionary Visitor 



time to give two folks did seem to be 
looking and he was " prompted " to 
throw in his smallest note with the " V " 
plainly in evidence. He didn't know 
why people couldn't keep their eyes in 
front of them. What business was his 
business to them? As a result, he 
argued, he was three whole dollars and 
a half short. He forgot he was still 
five dollars ahead (?) because he did 
not give as he was prompted by the 
Lord. He did give five dollars, but who 
thinks he got credit for more than he 
really wanted to give? Was that a dol- 
lar and a half or less? Then I wonder if 
he was charged with the five that he 
did not give. What perplexing ques- 
tions do arise when we vary from the 
leadings of the Lord! Better by far to 
give as the Lord directs and let the re- 
cording angel " check it off," especially 
when, as many will testify, giving this 
way doesn't hurt, than to give the hurt- 
ing way, as this poor rich man did, and 
by grace be no farther on. 

By the Spirit of God a consecrated 
eighteen-year-old sister was called to the 
foreign mission field. At first the par- 
ents rebelled with vigor at every men- 
tion of the matter. This modest Chris- 
tian girl appeared to a circle of friends 
the more attractive in comparison with 
her parents, whose hearts have never 
been quite full of God's guiding Spirit, 
and who therefore " don't believe in 
missions, anyway." When the parents 
see the sympathy their child gets, and 
that somehow in their circle of friends 
their stand does not seem to be reallv 
popular, they finally modify their ob- 
jections and the girl is permitted to pre- 
pare for God's work in heathen lands. 
They do, however, take it hard. They 
do not understand their daughter's am- 
bitions as they do their own. They owe 
but a thousand dollars on a second farm, 
and are about to buy a third, for which, 
with much hard work, they believe they 
can surely pay. But they must give up 

their eldest daughter. They do it be- 
cause they must — because of pressure 
from without. Such giving always 
hurts. There j are some who sympathize 
with these parents. They know how 
much it hurts. They have had ex- 
perience in being " held up "" by a pro- 
nounced sentiment adverse to their own. 
So these parents are a bit comforted by 
a few scattered friends, who live on a 
plane of course none too high — no high- 
er than their own. Of course, though, 
the sympathy that proves a real blessing 
comes from some big-hearted souls who, 
like all true followers of Jesus, have 
been lifted from the lower plane of giv- 
ing to the one where it doesn't hurt at 

Suppose we study all these givers and 
note in every case the low, narrow, self- 
ish platform on which they stand. Their 
vision is necessarily as limited as their 
platform is low. They need help as 
surely as did all of us who once loitered 
below the top of the mountains of God's 
grace and love. And there is no other 
sure way to help such than to give them 
not only a vision of the' self-sacrificing 
Son of God. but an opportunity to see 
the good works of others who " follow 
in His train." 

The narrow vision is withering, while 
the broader vision is inspiring, elevating, 
and life-giving in its effects. I've been 
glad ten thousand times that the back- 
bone of that healthy deacon separated 
me from that much-loved five-dollar bill. 
My vision : I saw my purse grow larger 
and it was a charming sight to me. I 
did not see either the need, on the one 
hand, or on the other my Father's big 
and bursting purse in which I, as an heir, 
might share. Xor did I at all appre- 
ciate my need of giving. " It is more 
blessed to give than to receive " had in 
those days practically no meaning to me. 

We think there is a time in every life 
when it hurts to give as God directs, 
but the folly of stopping the pain by 



The Missionary Visitor 


stopping the giving must be apparent to 
all. What must be the philosophy of the 
sick man who will refuse the bitter cup 
that will cure him, rather than to drink 
it and live? Yet how many there are 
who selfishly reject the operation, 
though painful, that is sure to cure, 
rather than part with an offending hand 
or eye that in time is sure to kill (Matt. 
5: 30). 

The giving of that first five-dollar bill 
brought big returns. 

What about the potato picking? I 
used to envy the lot of many boys that 
lived near us, till I learned that some of 

them did not have one potato to pick nor 
a cow to milk nor a parent to pray. The 
time soon came when I was better 
pleased to ask father " What next? " 
than to shirk any small task assigned. 

Let the rest speak for themselves. 
The fact is, if we give we get. We 
learn to give, and to love to give as 
God directs, as we learn to know and 
love the Giver of every good and perfect 
gift. We are all the time wanting to 
give more and more, and all the while 
we are the more blessed and it doesn't 
hurt at all. 

Meyersdale, Pa. 


E. H. Eby. 

TO attain this much-desired change 
of feeling will require not only 
giving continuously but also more 
largely. It indicates the formation of a 
good habit which, when fixed, will, like 
all good habits, produce feelings of 
pleasure rather than of discomfort. But 
there are other changes even more deep- 
seated than this taking place within the 

To give till it doesn't hurt is the cli- 
max of a process of emancipation from 
a bondage, all too often unconscious but 
none the less real — a bondage to self 
which is in its very nature unchristian. 

To give till one feels it is indicative 
of a sharp conflict between duty and 
self. To give until one doesn't feel it 
indicates a victory over the lower im- 
pulses by the higher ideals. It is the 
emergence of the soul out of action im- 
pelled by duty into that inspired by a 
vision of privilege. It is emancipation 
from law and entrance into the liberty 
of Gospel. For with all the teaching 
given today on the duty of giving it is 
scarcely possible that anyone should 
have been so far removed from these in- 

fluences as not to have felt in some 
measure a sense of duty toward the lost 
world, and to have responded in some 
little measure, if only to ease his or her 
conscience. And the oft-repeated calls 
for help for this and that cause are 
sources of real annoyance to such. 
They imagine they are giving more than 
their share, or they excuse themselves in 
one way or another : they can't afford it, 
or they have other obligations, debts, in- 
terests to pay, etc. — in other words, it 
hurts them to give. Their inner life 
has not been touched by the appeal of a 
needy world, a lost humanity. If they 
help, it is from a sense of duty, or be- 
cause they are pressed, not from a sense 
of privilege. 

To give till it ceases to hurt is evi- 
dence that the Christian has passed out 
of the realm of fear into that of fearless 
love. How much money is kept in the 
pocket because of fear! Here is the call, 
money is needed, and one ought really to 
help, but how to make ends meet — that 
is the question. No account is taken of 
the divine resources and promises. The 
soul sees no further than the narrow 


The Missionary Visitor 


horizon of his or her personal obliga- 
tions and available resources. " He that 
giveth to the poor lendeth to the Lord " 
is either forgotten, or faith that the 
Lord can and will pay His debts is lack- 
ing. And the soul remains in bondage. 
On the other hand; what fearless giving 
is enjoyed when the impulse of love is 
not stifled ! Love casteth out fear and 
its torment. 

To give until one doesn't feel it is to 
emerge from self-consciousness into 
Christ-consciousness. The life becomes 
Christ-controlled instead of self-con- 
trolled. The soul passes out of a sense 
of constraint into a blessed sense of the 
joy of fellowship with Christ; out of a 
deceptive feeling of personal sacrifice 
into a grateful response to Christ's sac- 
rifice for Himself and for the world. 
Some church members can tell you how 
much they have given for the Lord's 
cause for ever so long back. They seem 
not to have forgotten a single instance 
of giving, and the list seems to them 
commendably long. They really con- 
gratulate themselves on having done so 
much. And how they can tell of the 
sacrifices they have made ! But how all 
this is changed when the soul catches a 
vision of what Christ has N done for it ! 
Then love flows freely and the soul 
grows fat on its very unconscious liber- 
ality. It is clearly seen that all one can 
do will in no way be a return for all the 
Savior has done. What once seemed a 
great sacrifice will no longer seem so — 

the soul will be occupied with the world- 
redeeming sacrifice of our great High 
Priest. Sympathy, and money and 
prayer will flow freely and gladly. The 
soul is FREE. 

Giving until one doesn't feel it is evi- 
dence of the soul's having emerged from 
an unconfessed feeling of private 
ownership into the liberty of recognized 
and acknowledged divine stewardship. 
Too few Christians live as though they 
recognize the sovereignty of God. That 
the earth is Jehovah's and the fullness 
thereof is not a part of their practical 
theology. Children, property, business, 
talents, brain capacity, profession, vo- 
cation — are all treated as personal 
property, to be operated in the interest 
of self and family. That all these be- 
long to God and have been entrusted to 
Him to operate and manage in the in- 
terests of the kingdom of heaven is the 
plain teaching of the Bible, and to miss 
this is to fail of the highest good in life 
and in religion. Let the individual 
Christian accept this teaching of the 
Bible as the guiding principle of his 
life, and his whole attitude will be 
changed. He will accept all as a stew- 
ardship for which he must give an ac- 
count to God Whose it is. He will take 
Jesus into partnership, and do all in ac- 
cordance with the will of his Partner. 

God grant that this may be the bless- 
ed experience of every one who names 
the name of Christ. 

Seattle, Wash. 

It is work that keeps faith sweet and strong. And though we leave the 
Mount of Vision we do not leave the Lord. He is with us in the shop, the office, 
and the place of toil. The only way to lose the Lord would be to Tefuse to leave 
the holy mount. If Peter had stayed on the hill, he would have found himself 
alone. — J. D. Jones. 

Let us learn to be content with what we have. Let us get rid of our false 
estimates, set up higher ideals — a quiet home; vines of our own planting; a few 
books full of inspiration; a few friends worthy of being loved; innocent pleasures 
that bring no pain or sorrow. — David Swing. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Paul Mohler. 

T REMEMBER that in the home- 
steading days in North Dakota the 
heating problem was a live one with 
every homesteader. The house must be 
kept warm in winter at the lowest pos- 
sible expense of money. To do this, 
many used straw-burning stoves. 

Flax straw makes a very hot fire, and 
if one keeps feeding it into the right 
kind of a stove he can heat a large house 
in the coldest weather; but the people 
put aside their straw stoves as soon as 
they could afford it. Why? Because 
people were too busy to stand and feed 
a straw stove, when they could get base- 
burners that fed themselves. 

I know men who will give a good deal 
of money if they are followed up by a 
good solicitor. Fire them up sufficiently 
and they will give liberally, but leave 
them alone and they will not give a cent. 
They are like the straw-burning stoves ; 
what we need is base-burners. 

Some people do not like base-burners 
because when they come in from the 
cold, the base-burner does not seem to 
be warm enough. They want a lot of 
heat all at once ; but the folks who stay in 
the house all the time like the stove that 
gives off a steady and regular heat. So- 
licitors traveling among the churches 
like to get hold of a straw-burner giver 
sometimes, so as to get a large sum all 
at once; but the treasurer of the local 
church, the District Mission Board, the 
General Mission Board, and the schools 
all like the base-burner giver, because 
he keeps handing out money steadily and 
systematically without having to be fired 
up every little while. 

That is why systematic giving is prac- 
tical; it is economical in operation and 

dependable. If all the members of the 
church would " upon the first day of the 
week . . . lay by him in store, as 
God hath prospered him" (1 Cor. 16: 
2), there would be plenty of money for 
every need and all the expense of adver- 
tising, soliciting, etc., would be saved. 
Then think how much better all the 
work could be organized if the financial 
support were regular. 

It is practical to give a large propor- 
tion of one's income systematically. 
Many are afraid to give much now, for 
fear there will come a time later when 
they will need it for themselves. Paul 
meets that problem very clearly when he 
says, " And God is able to make all 
grace abound unto you ; that ye, having 
always all sufficiency in everything, may 
abound unto every good work : . . . 
and He that supplieth seed to the sower 
and bread for food, shall supply and 
multiply your seed for sowing, and in- 
crease the fruits of your righteousness : 
ye being enriched in everything unto all 
liberality, which worketh through us 
thanksgiving to God" (2 Cor. 9: 8-11, 
Am. Vers.). 

One can not believe this statement of 
Paul's and still fear to give cheerfully 
to every good work. Giving becomes 
practical with God's promises support- 
ing the giver. " Give and it shall be 
given unto you," " Freely ye have re- 
ceived, freely give," are still live mes- 
sages for live men. He who loves de- 
sires to give, and he who has faith is 
not afraid to give. God give us more 
love and more faith. 

As for the " authority," the text quot- 
ed above (1 Cor. 16: 2), combined with 
good common sense, should be authori- 
ty enough for anybody. There is no 
Scripture text that can be fairly quoted 
and no good reason offered against it. 
Everything right is in favor of it; on- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ly fearfulness, selfishness, and careless- 
ness oppose systematic giving. 

God bless the systematic giver and 
grant us more and more of them! 

Rossville, Ind. 


Ross D. Murphy. 

ONE of the questions which are 
perplexing many a congregation 
today is, What is the best method 
the church is able to adopt, in the light 
of the Scriptures, to raise the money 
necessary to meet the running expenses 
of the church, together with the home 
mission dues and such other apportion- 
ments as from time to time may be re- 
quired? About all of the churches 
agree that the Gospel clearly presents 
a method for the individual in 1 Cor. 
16: 2. He shall give as the Lord has 
prospered him, and the time to do this is 
upon the first day of the week. But the 
question is, What plan shall the church 
adopt so as to make it easy and con- 
venient for the individual to carry out 
this method and bring his gifts to the 
treasury of the Lord? 

Some churches, however, are not con- 
fronted with this problem, because they 
spend so little in their religious activities 
in comparison with their financial ability 
and prosperity that the crumbs falling 
from their burdened tables supply the 
needed amount. They have no problems 
of this kind because they have never 
opened the doors of service and there 
beheld the great needs. Or else they 
have gone through the struggle, found 
a Bible plan for the church and, having 
found this, have no more trouble. 

A number of churches have adopted 
a method commonly named the assess- 
ment plan. This provides that the 
church appoint a financial committee. 
The duties of this committee are to ob- 
tain the valuation of the property owned 

by the members, to make up the budget 
of the church expenditures for the year, 
and then lay a tax upon the valuation 
to meet the amount of the budget. A 
poll tax is required from those not pos- 
sessing any property. It is also the 
duty of the committee to collect the 
amounts thus levied from the members 
of the church. 

Other churches have adopted a plan 
of systematic giving, sometimes called 
the envelope system. It provides that 
the church make it easy and suggestive- 
ly convenient for every member to con- 
tribute to the Lord's work upon the first 
day of the week, as prosperity has been 
meted out to him by the Lord. A com- 
mittee is appointed, whose duty it is to 
canvass each member for a weekly of- 
fering pledge, and place into the hands 
of each member fifty-two envelopes, one 
for each Sunday of the year. The week- 
ly offerings are to be placed into the 
envelopes and brought to the church 

No other plan has met with as much 
success as this one. Churches that give 
it a trial are sure to retain the plan in 
preference to any other one. It is scrip- 
tural. The basis for giving is not the 
amount of the church budget of ex- 
penses, as in some other plans, but the 
basis is the prosperity of the Lord. It 
is difficult for most people to give lib- 
erally in lump sums, but it is surpris- 
ing how freely they will give on the 
basis of weekly offerings and how much 
this amounts to in a year's time. Tell 
a man his church dues are $52 for the 
year, and you will almost frighten him. 
On the other hand, ask him for a week- 
lv offering, the amount to be as he 
thinks the Lord has prospered him. The 
chances are that he will give a dollar a 
week and feel good over it. 

This plan is objected to because it is 
thought unfair, in that the wealthy will 
not give as much accordingly as the 
poorer classes. The scripture does not 
teach that men who fail to give accord- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing to their wealth should be compelled 
to do so, but it does teach that men 
are to be impelled to give. It is doubt- 
ful whether the money which a person 
is compelled to give will ever bring him 
a blessing. Church members are not 
compelled to take part in church activ- 
ities according to their ability. Many a 
one able to preach and teach is never 
compelled to do so. Should we then 
compel men to give according to their 
valuation? Rather, adopt a plan by 
which it will be made easy for them to 
give weekly, allowing them to confer 
with the Lord, through prayer and med- 
itation with regard to the amount. We 
must be taught, not compelled ; we must 
become consecrated. Then will our 
gifts match the goodness of the Lord 
more nearly than at any other time. 


S. C- Miller. 

WHILE a student in college I 
spent my summers selling stere- 
oscopic views, to make money to 
go to college the next year. Many times 
I got into towns where some druggist or 
notion dealer had stereoscopes and views 
for sale ; usually keeping them on exhib- 
it in a conspicuous showcase where hun- 
dreds of customers had an opportunity 
to see them. Many people admired these 
goods, but very few of them bought 
from the dealers, except an occasional 
individual who wished to give a Christ- 
mas gift or a birthday present to a 
friend. Often when I called upon these 
people I succeeded in making a sale, and 
frequently they purchased large quan- 
tities of views. The only reason they 
bought from me instead of from their 
local dealer was that I went into their 
homes, gave them a demonstration of 
the views, explained their value and 
aroused their interest. 
\Jv> to the present time our mission 

work has been handled much in the 
same way as local dealers handle their 
stereoscopes and views. The few peo- 
ple who have been fortunate enough to 
attend our Annual Conferences, or to 
hear some missionary lecture in a local 
church, or have come in touch with a 
representative of some Mission Board, 
have become interested in missions. 
That, however, is only a very small per- 
centage of our church membership. 
The rank and file of our church mem- 
bership has not yet been brought in 
touch with aggressive mission work, 
nor with the real significance of the mis- 
sion field in its larger sense. The great 
trouble has been a lack of the personal 
touch which is required to awaken an 
interest. Very few people of their own 
accord take the trouble to read many 
illuminating articles on mission work; 
still fewer have an opportunity of listen- 
ing to an enlightening lecture on this 
subject; all of which goes to show that 
our mission work is still in its infancy. 

The immediate problem in hand, then, 
is one of missionary education; not ed- 
ucation en masse, but a personal training 
which brings enlightenment to the in- 
dividual member; that training which 
arouses an interest in both old and 
young, in both rich and poor. 

This, then, is the purpose of " The 
Every-Member Canvass for Missions." 
The every-member canvass means that 
every church in the Brotherhood shall 
have some one appointed whose specific 
duty it is to make a canvass of every 
member of the congregation, not only in 
a formal way to ask for a missionary 
pledge, but to bring a clear demonstra- 
tion of missionary interests. The can- 
vasser must be some one who can in- 
telligently handle plain facts, who can 
answer questions relative to the mission 
field, but above all else one who can 
enlarge the vision of the one canvassed. 

The value of this lies not in the fact 
that more money will be available for 


The Missionary Visitor 



carrying on mission work — although 
that will be a natural result — but that a 
larger number of people will become 
acquainted with missionary interests. 
The claims of the kingdom are pressed 
upon the attention of every member. It 
is better for ten men to give $100 each 
to missions than for one man to give 
$1,000. When one thousand of our 
people are annually contributing to 
mission work, our forces are one thou- 
sand strong. The field is backed by one 
thousand prayers, the burden is carried 
by one thousand hearts. When our 
ninety thousand members annually con- 
tribute to the work, doing it intelligent- 
ly and prayerfully, the force becomes 
ninety thousand strong and the possi- 
bilities are multiplied by ninety. Not 
only are the forces enlarged, but the 

appreciation of a larger kingdom is 
brought into the experience of even- 

Two conditions, then, need our im- 
mediate attention — yea, three deserve 
consideration: 1. If our mission work is 
to continue, as it has started, it becomes 
imperative that even - member of the 
church become acquainted with and help 
support the work. 2. If we are going to 
reach every member, some one must 
make the canvass annually. 3. If com- 
petent people are going to make the can- 
vass they must be trained so that they 
can teach those upon whom they are to 
call. Our mission work can not reach 
its highest possibilities until even,- mem- 
ber has become enlightened as to the 
needs and conditions of the field, and 
responds to his awakened interests. 


Man 7 Stover. 

THE subject of much conversation, 
thought, and prayer these days is 
the war — cruel, devastating, mur- 
derous war ! A few days ago a friend 
said to me, " I am glad we can lose our- 
selves in our work — enough, at any rate, 
to forget about the war sometimes for 
a little while." This. I am sure, must 
be impossible in those countries sur- 
rounded by the immediate dangers of 
the war. And yet India, too, is suffer- 
ing, for she has given from her best 
ones many sons who will never return. 
The cry of her people is, " Oh, that 
peace may be restored ! " 

Because of the war, we feared our 
missionaries could not come for a long 
time. At our field committee meeting 
in December adjustments were made 
with the thought of how best to earn- 
on the work without their help. Then 
a happy surprise was ours, when the 
word came that they were sailing. 
Eagerly we awaited their coming, and 

on the night of Feb. 13 they arrived in 
Bombay. Their journey was attended 
with many known dangers ; how mam- 
unknown ones who can say? "We 
praise the Lord for bringing these dear 
ones to us in safety. 

A committee meeting had been ar- 
ranged, so that at once on their arrival 
necessary business could be transacted. 
The party of travelers went directly 
from Bombay to the place of meeting at 
Vuli, in Raj Pipla State, where Brother 
and Sister Lichty, and Sister Eliza Mil- 
ler are located. This meeting is now in 
session (Feb. 17). There are in attend- 
ance, twenty-four missionaries and 
five children, leaving ten missionaries 
and twelve children in their several 

It is not unusual for our sisters and 
the children to remain at home on the 
occasion of our committee meetings, 
though these gatherings are times of re- 
freshing and fellowship which are 


The Missionary Visitor 


much enjoyed, and all attend who can 
do so. The unusual, however, is for 
one of the brethren to be absent. This 
has happened this time. Bro. Adam 
Ebey has been kept at home on account 
of the plague among the people about 
Karadoho, near Dahanu. The disease 
has been present there for a number of 
weeks, and many have been attacked by 
it. To the present none of our Chris- 
tians have taken it. Bro. Ebey goes 
about in the homes of the stricken ones, 
relieving distress wherever possible. At 
such a time the people learn to know 
who are their true friends and sym- 
pathizers. May the Lord reward our 
brother and family for their bravery in 
staying by the stricken ones. May the 
dread disease soon be stayed. 

Brother and Sister Blough came from 
Landour to give us a pleasant surprise, 
and are attending the committee meet- 
ing. Bro. Blough is much improved, 
but not yet able to take up work. How- 
ever, we are all hopeful that a few 
months more will find him strong again. 

Last week we had the pleasure and 
profit of having Mr. and Mrs. Annett at 
Anklesvar, and the preceding week at 
Bulsar, in a series of talks on Sunday- 
school work and methods of teaching. 
These were given in English, and were 
interpreted sentence by sentence into 
Gujarati. Our teachers gathered at 
these two places numbered about one 

hundred and twenty-five, and we surely 
feel that great and lasting benefit is 
ours for the privilege of having these 
friends with us. Mr. and Mrs. Annett 
give their entire time to this work, 
traveling over India, Ceylon, and 
Burma as their services are desired. 
They have been also to Australia and 
South America. They are masters of 
the subject in hand, and we believe the 
Lord will bless their consecrated ef- 

Our cold season has been a most 
pleasant one. These four months are 
for us foreigners the most comfortable 
part of the year. Some cold seasons 
have been warm, but we are glad to say 
that this year we have had fine, cool 
weather and have been renewed in 
energy and strength. 

With the exception of the plague at 
Dahanu, health is good. We look for- 
ward to our District Meeting, which is 
to be held at Bulsar, beginning March 3. 

Our missionaries who came a little 
over a year ago are nearly ready for 
their first year's examination in lan- 
guage study. Others who have been 
here a little longer time are studying for 
the second year's examination. One has 
lately' passed in her second year's work. 
In the meantime all are doing other use- 
ful things, even while making language 
study their first work. 

Anklesvar, India, Feb. ij. 


Rebecca C. Wampler. 

FEBRUARY gave us the biggest 
snow we have had this winter. 
Liao reports a fall of eight inches, 
while at Ping Ting we had about three 
inches. No rain has fallen during the 
winter, and ' the farmers, especially, 
were glad for the snow, as it means 
bigger crops for them. 

Frantz Crumpacker has had diphtheria, 
but by the early use of antitoxin he was 
soon out of danger. We are glad to 
report that he is well now and in a few 
days he and his parents will be out of 
quarantine. Xo one else at the station 
has contracted the disease, and we hope 
there will be no other cases. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sunday, Feb. 14, was Chinese New 
Year and, for the first time since we 
have been in China, it really seemed 
somewhat like Sunday. All the stores 
and shops were closed and very few 
people were on the streets. Everywhere 
could be seen the " happiness " char- 
acter pasted on doors and posts. This is 
the great holiday of the year for the 
Chinese. All who can do so come home 
to spend Kuo Nien, and the time is 
given to paying New Year calls, gam- 
bling, drinking, and feasting. The stores 
remained closed for five days, and some 
are not yet open the whole day. This 
is the time when every Chinese dons 
his best clothes. The women and chil- 
dren dress in gayer colors than the men 
and make bright spots of color amongst 
the sober blues and blacks of their fath- 
ers and brothers. 

Yesterday, Feb. 28, was the begin- 
ning of their Feast of Lanterns, which 
lasts three days. It is a pretty sight to 
go on the streets at night and see the 
many lighted lanterns and the people, in 
holiday mood, walking about or sitting 
by the stoves in front of the shops. 
These stoves are built especially for this 
occasion, out of bricks, covered by mor- 
tar. All around the front of them are 
holes an inch in diameter and about two 
inches apart. A fire is built in them in 
the early afternoon, and by night the 
stove is filled with a mass of hot coals 
and out through these holes come light 
and heat. The temples are not neglect- 
ed, but have lanterns everywhere. 
Some of the color schemes are very 
pretty. Soon the holidays will be over 
and the people will settle down to their 
year's work. 

During the first few days of this time 
Bro. Crumpacker held Bible classes 
twice a day, and these were well at- 

tended by the Chinese Christians as well 
as by others. We were glad to see in 
the audience some of the business men 
of the town. These meetings were very 
helpful and the Chinese Christians re- 
ceived much benefit from them. 

Bro. Bright and some Chinese helpers 
have gone on a preaching tour to a 
market town and some villages west of 
Liao. Some of these places are open- 
ing up to the preaching of the Gospel, 
and we pray that the seed planted may 
bring forth much fruit. 

Material is still being gathered for the 
buildings to be erected at both stations 
this summer. The Boys' School at 
Liao will be the first foreign structure 
built at that place and the Chinese are 
very much interested in it. They are 
anxious to see what a foreign building 
is like. 

Dr. Brubaker and family expected to 
reach Liao Feb. 27, and we know they 
are glad to be settled at home. The 
workers, too, rejoice to have them with 
them again. 

A special class for women is being 
held at Ping Ting and the workers are 
much encouraged by the number in at- 
tendance and their eagerness to know of 
the Truth. One woman is from a vil- 
lage a mile away and she walks this 
distance twice a day to come to the 
classes. She unbound her feet a few 
days ago, and although walking makes 
the unused muscles very sore, she still 
comes. The classes will close this week. 

We are looking forward to our mis- 
sion meeting, which will be held at Liao 
about March 18. We at Ping Ting will 
leave March 15 for the three days' trip 
to the southern station. All the mis- 
sionaries are planning to be there, ex- 
cept those at language study in Peking. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 

"The victories at the front will always be commensurate with the volume of 
prayer in Christian lands." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Elder J. Kurtz Miller, 

Brother John G. Caruso. 


Are you guilty of despising the DAY of SMALL THINGS in CHURCH 
WORK? A large, well-built church is a pleasing sight to the eye. And, in 
fact, it does the tired body and eager soul good just to come under the spell 
that the material structure naturally produces, and this is saying nothing of the 
spiritual. But does it occur to you that churches do not begin full-grown? 

Every church had its day of small things. Perhaps a little Sunday-school 
gathere'd in a vacant storeroom. Perhaps thirty-nine children and a few 
adults, who, as teachers, read to their classes what the Quarterly had to say 
on the lesson. The superintendent was janitor and all-around man. He paid 
the_ rent, and saw that the Sunday-school supplies were on hand. He had 
vision. The school grew to fifty-nine and then to seventy-nine, and one Sun- 
day it reached the 100 mark and there was a jubilee. Then ten or a dozen 
people got together and organized a church. A young preacher practiced on 
them until he learned to preach, and then he was called elsewhere. But there 
is always a faithful few who hold on, and in the process of time there is force 
enough in the congregation to command the situation. The small, struggling 
mission has become that great church. However, had it not been for those 
who did not " despise the day of small things " there would not be any church 
at all. Their patient, loyal sacrifice to the cause, only the recording angel 
knows. We owe a real debt of gratitude to the church builders. Especially, 
YOU who now worship in churches that have not cost you one cent, be 
amongst the honored class who have vision and who do not despise the day 
of small things, even the beginning of mission work amongst our Italian 
neighbors at our door. For God, Who saved that Italian (Acts 10: 1), can 
still save Italians in 1915. Will you cease discounting the day of small things 
and be a booster and start things going for Christ and the souls that need 
Him? . '■■■ ■:!'!( 


The Missionary Visitor 



Our Italian Mission at 205 21st St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 


T. Kurtz Miller. 

sign definite work to definite peo- 
ple. I am satisfied that He, Who 
governs this universe, sent me to 
Greater New York City fourteen years 
ago to save the day for our poor little 
dying mission. The hand of the Lord 
has so definitely led me that there can 
be no mistake. Against all odds and the 
severest opposition the work grew and 
grew until our Brooklyn Mission be- 
came a household word in thousands of 
our homes, and more than 12,000 peo- 
ple wrote me an encouraging line, en- 
closing substantial gifts for a mission 
home and church. 

During our " Bicentennial .year of 
1908 " we were able to dedicate our 
mission buildings for the English Mis- 
sion work free of debt. On our dedi- 
cation day there was no money-begging 
« — -just worshiping and praising God ! I 
declare to you that I liked that. But 
the credit is yours. You who gave the 
means, by God's grace, made me a me- 

dium of exchange, and the material re- 
sults now speak for themselves. " Our 
Mission Home register " shows that 
904 brethren and sisters have visited us 
from all parts of our Brotherhood. 
They have looked our whole mission 
plant over and have seen every detail 
of our work. We have as yet to hear 
the first echo from any quarter that our 
mission bears the least question. In 
fact, on even- hand we hear that it is a 
triumph for the cause of missions. 

But we dare take no backward steps. 
The General Mission Board opened up 
work about three miles from our En- 
glish Mission station, amongst the for- 
eigners. In other words a Foreign Home 
Mission station was opened up amongst 
the Italians (a colony of 8.000 s ) in 
Brooklyn, Xew York. Providentially, 
again, the hand of the Lord has placed 
this Italian Mission in my hands, and 
hence I am before vou with " THE 
GREAT APPEAL " for funds to erect a 
suitable Italian Brethren Mission church 


The Missionary Visitor 


on the lot at 205 Twenty-first Street. Our 
debt on the present property is less than 
$300. The little Italian membership is 
planning to wipe that out. The lot is 
deeded to the General Mission Board, 
and hence to you in part. This is not a 
local work, but national in its propor- 
tions. The challenge is now up to you, 
who have been saying, lo these years, 
that we should do mission work amongst 
the foreigners at our home door. Now 
is your chance to make good ! Indeed, 
my heart leaps at the vision that shines 
before us as a Brotherhood in this work ! 
They are responding to a SPIRITUAL 

Let there be no mistake in the facts. 
Our Italian Mission is well located. We 
have the respect of the children and are 
getting the parents. If you come to 
our refuge now you will be greatly used 
of the Lord to help us to crystallize this 
work for the kingdom. At the sugges- 
tion of the Mission Board we are taking 
steps to organize all of the baptized 
Italian members into the first Italian 
Brethren's church in the world. If you 
believe that the Holy Spirit can direct 
this work, the GREAT APPEAL is to 
you to come now to our aid with your 
prayers and money. I feel in my very 
bones that this " foreign home mission 
work " is going to be a great blessing to 
our whole Brotherkood. How much are 
you going to share in the blessing? 
Press deep into the inner circle and get 
your share. You must not be a mere 
" onlooker." We must have those who 
will PUSH to the amount of one hun- 
dred cents, at least ! 

Note our easy pledge. This is to ac- 
commodate you, who desire to push but 
can't do it just now. Fill out the 
pledge and tell us how soon you may be 
able to put your shoulder in a financial 
way to the Lord's chariot and help us 
up our big hill. In coming to the Her- 
shey (Pa.) Conference buy your ticket 
for New York, with a stop-over for the 

Annual Meeting. It will cost you no 
more. We want you to see our missions. 
Send all money to the General Mis- 
sion Board, Elgin, 111., or drop it into 
the Conference offering, marked for the 
" Brooklyn Italian Meetinghouse." 

The Urgent Need of Our Great Appeal. 

To build a plain, yet substantial 
HOUSE, in the city of Greater New 
York, where over 400,000 Italians have 
settled, the GENERAL MISSION 
BOARD will need at least the follow- 

5 Persons to give, each, $100 

10 Persons to give, each, 50 

25 persons to give, each, 20 

50 persons to give, each, 10 

100 persons to give, each, 5 

250 persons to give, each, 2 

500 persons to give, each, 1 

We ask for the money NOW. But 
if you can not GIVE NOW, the pledge 
is for your good intentions. Sign the 
PLEDGE and send to the address be- 


A Free-Will Offering Pledge. 

On, or before, 191 . . , 

I hereby signify that I will give (the 
Lord willing) the amount around which 
I have made a circle. 
$100 $50 $25 $20 $15 $10 $5 $3 $2.50 $1 

This money shall be used expressly 
for the building of the FIRST ITAL- 
Brooklyn, New York. 

P. O 

R. F. D. or St., 


Date of this pledge, 

All pledges should be sent to Home 
Mission Board Secretary, 205 Twenty- 
first Street, Brooklyn, New York. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The G-old from Foreign Harbors, Poured into Ours. 


John G. Caruso, Italian Missionary. 

BY birth I am an Italian. My native 
land was made sacred by the foot- 
steps of a great missionary. But 
I had to come to America even to learn 
that such a man as Paul ever lived, and 
that once he preached in Rome. The 
name of this city was a household word, 
but not the name of Paul. And precious 
little did I ever hear about Jesus. 

From my mother's knee I knew only 
the very unsatisfactory religion of the 
Church of Rome. I was taught that we 
worship GOD ! That was lofty ! But I 
was also told that all Protestants wor- 
shiped the devil, and that he made his 
appearance when they met for worship, 
and in some mysterious manner held 
them in his grip for the region of the 
damned. It was through this false 
teaching that I finally was led to the 
truth as it is in Christ Jesus our Lord. 
It came about in this manner: One 
day two missionary sisters extended an 
invitation to a group of us Italian 

Note: If you wish to use this article in tract 
form send postage and we shall supply tracts 
as long as the supply lasts and donations con- 
tinue to come for their printing. 

workmen to attend a missionary service 
in a near-by mission. Perhaps my bump 
of curiosity may be a bit large, but (be 
that as it may) anyway, I said to my- 
self " This is my chance to see the devil ! 
I've never seen God. Why not risk a 
chance in seeing old NICK ! " I stole 
away from my Italian comrades in the 
evening and for the first time in my 
life was inside a Protestant place of 
worship. How did I feel? Half scared, 
of course! But I had come to see the 
devil and I was not going to back down. 
I was going to risk one good look at 
him, cost what it might. Well, to be 
brief, I never have seen him yet, save as 
I see him incarnated in fallen humanity. 
But that was the beginning of a won- 
derful life to me. A supernatural hand 
seemed to touch me. I could not re- 
main away from the mission. Back to 
it I went, again and again, until Jesus 
became very real to me as a Savior. 
Praise His blessed name forever that 
He picked me up and set me in heavenly 
places in Christ Jesus for His name's 


The Missionary Visitor 


My first great passion was to know 
the Bible, as I saw the missionaries 
knew theirs and as I did not know mine. 
I would go home from the services and 
lock myself in my room and read and 
read. Often I fell upon my face and 
wept aloud, asking God to reveal His 
Holy Word to my poor, hungry soul. 
For about one year I continued my 
search for the truth of God as it is in 
Christ Jesus my Lord. Finally I was 
made willing to walk with the Lord in 
believers' baptism, and as a result I am 
where I am today in the Church of the 

At the time of my conversion I was 
a hod carrier and had saved about $60. 
But what was sixty dollars, if that 
money, laid upon the Lord's altar, would 
do for one soul in the darkness of sin 
what the truth did for me? Out of 
pure love for my countrymen, the Ital- 
ians, I felt that I must tell them of my 
new discovery in going to see the devil 
and finding a most precious Sav- 
ior in JESUS! So I laid every 
dollar that I had in this world on 
the Lord's altar, by renting a 
storeroom and fitting up the first 
Italian Mission in our Brother- 
hood. Did my Italian friends 
come? Yes, I had a full house 
until the priest heard of it and 
then — well, you would not believe 
me if I would tell you. Ask Bro. 
J. Edson Ulery. Ask any of our 
people who know of the early 
struggles of that little effort to 
dedicate one little spot (in an 
Italian colony of 8,000) to the 
Christ Whom I loved more than I 
loved my own life. 

After a time the General Mis- 
sion Board sent Eld. A. B. Barn- 
hart to look into the work amongst 
the Italians. Read his article in 
another column. It speaks for it- 

self. We have had a hard, long pull, as 
no one seemed willing to give money or 
help in any manner that was effective, 
until Brother and Sister J. K. Miller laid 
their lives upon the altar to help in the 
work. From that day on the work took 
tangible form, and now it seems that 
God has set His seal to the saving of 
souls. Bro. Miller has baptized some 
thirty of my countrymen. Amongst the 
number were my father and mother and 
others dear to my heart. 

Bro. Miller has six in the class now 
whom he is preparing for baptism. This 
is the happy side of the 'work. But 
both Bro. Miller and myself were 
scorned, spit at and very unkindly used 
by bigoted people, whom the priest can 
use as tools and the " cat's-paw." We 
beseech you to be much in prayer and 
hold up our hands in these most trying 
days of our earnest effort to establish 
a Brethren's church amongst the Ital- 

Our pressing need is a suitable build- 
ing for the work. What will such a 

Little Foreigners at Ellis Island. Future Citizens. 


The Missionary Visitor 


building cost? Twelve thousand people 
over our Brotherhood made it possible 
for Bro. Miller to build the English 
Mission church, on Sixtieth Street. If 
you would be willing to be one of 8,000 
to give but one dollar the problem would 
be easily solved. But will they respond 
to the Lord's call? Perhaps you must 
give for fifty or 100 persons whom the 
Lord would like to bless, but He can 
not because of a lack of faith. By the 
guidance of God not one cent shall be 
put to a vain use. Send all funds to 
the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 
AYatch the fund grow in the Visitor. 
Speak of this foreign mission work at 
our home door, to others. But above 
all, talk much to the Lord and let Him 
have His way in this worthy effort to 
make Him known amongst the heathen 
at home. 

20j Twenty-first St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Waiting' for the Gospel. 


Paul Stanlev Gray. 

RECENTLY a brother said to me, 
" I have very little love for the 
Italian ! " I then asked him if he 
had recently read the tenth chapter of 
Acts. It may be as big a revelation to 
3'ou as it was to him to know that the 
■ first Gentile convert (whose name has 
come down to us) was an Italian. Y^es, 
Cornelius was a Roman Italian. Read 
the Inspired Record, and from hence- 
forth look at the Italian through the 
eyes of Christ. 

After all, the measure of our Chris- 
tianity is the measure of our love to- 
wards others, whether they happen to 
be born of our race or not. People who 
are so limited in love towards racial 
blood should by all means study upon 
bended knees the first chapter of Mat- 
thew's Gospel. Jesus is a Kinsman-Re- 
deemer, because He had the blood of 
both Hebrew and Gentile flowing in His 

human veins. He was identified with 
the race of mankind as a whole. " God 
is no Respecter of persons ; but in even- 
nation he that feareth God and work- 
eth righteousness is accepted of Him." 
Y T et in the light of all this, poor man 
will insist on being a discriminator, and 
with a toss of his little head, say, " I 
like," " I love," etc.. and with the same 
breath say that he has no love for the 
Italian or some other race of men. And 
yet, how little such people really meas- 
ure up to Cornelius, or even the present- 
day Marconi, the Italian who is leading 
the world in the school of wireless teleg- 
raphy ! 

The Italian is our neighbor. We have 
invited him into our midst. He has 
settled down to stay, because he likes 
America, for the same reasons that we 
also do. He has a destiny to work out 
and we must help him. His children 



The Missionary Visitor 


Agues Jesperson, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

and ours play in the streets together. 
They go to the same school. And what 
is more, the young people are intermar- 

Do you know that there are two and 
one half million Italians who became 
our neighbors in the last ten years ? Do 
you know that many of them have 
broken faith with the Church of Rome? 
And do you know that if we do not 
bring them the Gospel Christ will charge 
this against us at the Great Day? 

Our Field. 
For several reasons our field is Great- 
er New York City. No city in our land 
has so many. We have more Italians 
here than all of the city of Rome. Then 
the General Mission Board opened up 
work here first amongst the Italians. 
Here we, as a Brotherhood, found our 
first Cornelius. But his given name is 

John. You can find his name in the 
ministerial list under the letter "C." He 
is the first and only Italian preacher in 
our church. Don't fail to send for 
copies of his tract, " Going to See the 
Devil and Finding Christ." It tells a 
true story in a unique manner, with a 
message that warms the heart. Again, 
New York seems to be our field, since 
here is the only Bible-school in the land 
that has an Italian department, ably 
equipped with fine Christian Italian 
teachers. I am told that this Bible- 
school has workers in no fewer than 
fifty Italian missions each Sunday. For 
the past two years we have had the 
valuable service of some of these Italian 
helpers in our mission. 

Our Churchhouse Problem. 

This is being solved, but oh, so slow- 
ly ! The lot is bought and deeded to the 
General Mission Board, so that what- 
ever is built upon the lot will be natural- 
ly the property of the General Brother- 
hood. The spiritual oversight of the 
work is in good hands. Why should 
not some effective blows be struck that 
will tell for the much-needed building? 
Recently the Presbyterians dedicated an 
Italian church, costing $110,000. They 
don't believe ,in playing on the job. 
Their Italian membership is 800 ; Sun- 
day-school double the church member- 
ship. A few of their members stray in- 
to our Italian service, but more of ours 
long to stray where something is going 
on and being done. Do you blame 
them? You can help us to solve this 
problem, and I know that you will. 
Keep us ever in your prayers. Send 
your material aid to the General Mis- 
sion Board, Elgin, 111. 

New York City. 

We can not come to the experience of Pentecost except by the way of Calvary. — 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Type of Our "SToung 1 Italian Sisters. 

An Italian Blossom from Sister Miller's 
Primary Class. 


Mary M. Miller. 

I AM teaching a very interesting class 
of girls. The average girl is be- 
yond any that we ever had when 
we began the English Mission, fourteen 
years ago. Our good beginning, we 
trust, is a prophecy of a successful fu- 

What are we teaching? In the first 
place, we aim to make God supreme in 
the thought and life of every child. We 
stand for an overmastering loyalty to 
the person and purpose of the Great 
Head of the church, our Lord Jesus 
Christ. Thus we lead the Italian child 
step by step to see JESUS as the One 
Who is greater than the pope at Rome. 
We aim to make Christ's teaching ours ; 
His methods ours ; His spirit ours ; and 
thus bring every soul under the master- 
ship of Christ. 

Some ask : " How can you love those 
dark-skinned girls ? " We love them be- 
cause Jesus truly loves them. He is no 

Respecter of persons; what right have 
we to be? Love sees the possibilities in 
others and lends a helping hand. Love 
sees all nations as the Father's children, 
and rests not, until the Father's prodigal 
child is led to know and rest in the 
Father love of God. The more true 
love rules in our hearts, just in that 
proportion are we mediums of exchange 
for Christ to do His work through us 
for our needy Italian sisters. 

But are they teachable? Do they 
think for themselves? It is true that 
the average Italian for many genera- 
tions has allowed the priest to think for 
him, in matters of religion. But our 
American freedom has placed the 
Italian in a new world, and he is not 
here long until he makes that discovery. 
Then our splendid school system opens 
the eyes of the children, and they are 
second to none in all the grades. I am 
a high-school girl, and I do not find 


The Missionary Visitor 


myself one whit ahead of the Italian 
high-school girls of our mission. There 
are great possibilities here, but it is go- 
ing to take the last ounce of our 
strength to develop this Italian Mission. 
To this end we need your cooperation. 

The Mission Board has called long 
and loud for those who would be will- 
ing to lay their lives upon the altar at 
this mission point. But since the call 
has gone unheeded, and since it is far 
easier to get some one to take up the 
work in a well-established point, we 
have turned the Sixtieth Street English 
Mission over to workers whom we have 
trained, and hence we find ourselves do- 

ing what no one else would do and serv- 
ing a people whom no one else wanted 
to serve. For the past fourteen years we 
have been training, in a quiet way, work- 
ers who now are well able to carry on 
the duties at the First church. Our second 
effort to build up another mission point 
in the Greatest City of our land will 
have this unique difference — it will be 
the first Italian Brethren's church. The 
effort is worth while. Pray much for 
us, that the glory may be the Lord's, 
Whom we serve in much sacrifice and 
hopeful confidence. 

Italian Mission, 205 Twenty-first St., 


Adapted from a Report Made in 1905. 
Eld. A. B. Barnhart. 

HAVING been appointed by the 
General Mission Board to look 
into the Italian mission work at 
Brooklyn, I am now glad to report the 
following : 

The room in which we met the Italian 
brethren in the capacity of a Sunday- 
school was about 9 by 21. The school 
was opened in the regular order of the 
Brethren church by Bro. John Caruso, 
who was then superintendent, and who 
has since been elected as our Italian 
minister. The attendance that day was 
100, eighty-six children and fourteen 
adults. I have been to many Sunday- 
schools, but I have never seen better 
interest and a greater desire to learn. 
Bro. Caruso teaches those who can not 
understand English, and Bro. J. K. Mil- 
ler and others teach those who can un- 
derstand English. The infant class have 
quite small chairs provided for them, 
and I was much impressed with their 
quiet behavior. 

During the review I asked the school, 
" How many understand English ? " 
Many hands went up. Then I asked in 

what language they would rather be 
taught, and from all parts of the room 
came the cry, " English ! " " English ! " 
I was also very much impressed with 
the correctness of their answers to scrip- 
tural questions. They are apt to learn. 
Then came the call for the closing 
prayer. All knelt, and better order dur- 
ing prayer I never witnessed. 

We now have baptized about twenty 
Italian men and women, so you see we 
have a foreign mission field right at 
home and in connection with the English 
Mission in Brooklyn. During the year 
just closed over one million foreigners 
have landed in Brooklyn and New York. 
Of this number 221,479 were Italians. 
The Brethren's Mission in Brooklyn, or 
Greater New York, affords a better op- 
portunity for doing " WORLD-WIDE " 
mission work than perhaps any one mis- 
sion under the direction of the General 
Mission Board. The work in Brooklyn 
is steadily growing and the outlook is 
very encouraging. If the work continues 
to have your prayers and support there 
is no reason why we shall not have a 


The Missionary Visitor 


strong, active Italian Brethren church 
in Greater New York in the very near 
future. But the pressing need is a 
meetinghouse of our own, as rented 
store rooms are not inviting places to 
ask people to come to our services. 
May not this opportunity of helping to 
build a permanent place of worship for 
our Italian brethren, be God's finger 
pointing out to you your duty to help? 
Hagerstozvn, Md. 


L. J. Fadoyer. 

IN doing mission work amongst the 
Italians, we are told that at least a 
part of the success depends upon a 
name. Hence, "Good Will Center" 
and similar names are used for the mis- 
sion hall. 

The Brooklyn City Mission has just 
such a center, and every Sunday you 
may see more than 1,200 Italian chil- 
dren in the Sunday-school. A few 
years ago it was thought to be an im- 
possibility to get into a Protestant serv- 
ice that many children whose parents 
are steeped in Catholicism. But it is 
actually being done. They are caught 

by guile, and hearing the Gospel they 
come out and out for a clean life in 
Christ. Even the police force say that 
they ' see a great improvement in the 
general conduct of the foreign element 
in the neighborhood. Surely this speaks 
well for this " Good Will Center." 

Through our little " Good Will Cen- 
ter " we are really reaching some in- 
teresting Italian men for Christ. The 
good old Gospel still does its work, even 
in an Italian heart. But why should it 
not? One told me that he would not 
give up his religion. I replied bv say- 
ing that no one should give up any good 
thing, and if he had the religion of Jesus 
Christ it was the best religion to be had. 
" No, sir ! Don't give it up." About 
that time I had my man to talk to. 

However, we greatly need the prayers 
of God's people, as we find that the most 
fundamental fact in the human heart is 
that the average foreigner is not friend- 
ly toward God. He is so skeptical as to 
have completely crowded God out of 
his consciousness. But the point of 
contact can be found. If a " Billy " 
Sunday can find it. why can't we? 

Brooklyn, N, Y. 


Fredrick J. Haskin. 

I am the immigrant. 

I came here seeking a home and an honest living. 

What do I do? 

I make one-half of the gloves in America. 

I turn out four-fifths of all the leather. 

I build four-fifths of all the furniture. 

I make half of the cuffs, collars, and shirts. 

I make more than one-half of the shoes. 

I refine about nineteen-twentieths of the sugar. 

I make about nineteen-twentieths of the clothing. 

I dig out of your hills seven-tenths of your coal. 

I do seventy-eight per cent of the labor in woolen mills. 

I do eighty-five per cent of the slaughtering and meat-packing. 

I do ninety per cent of the building and repair work on railroads. 

And the chapter is not complete, of all that I do — 

Yet I am sneered at, as " the Great American Problem." 

THESE are the people that the General Mission and Home Mission Boards 
MUST give a CHANCE! Will you help? 

GIVE the immigrant's child a chance and he does not fall one whit behind 
our own children in school, business, or professional life. 

GIVE them the GOSPEL and win them for CHRIST. 

THEY can be made a valuable ASSET and not a LIABILITY. 

New York City. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Editor. 

WE are submitting herewith to our 
readers a report in some detail 
of the gifts of our Brotherhood 
to the mission work entrusted to our 
General Mission Board, for the year be- 
ginning March 1, 1914, and ending Feb. 
28, 1915. Gifts made before that date, 
or since, should not become confused in 
the reader's mind as ; he peruses the 
tables presented. We have taken great 
care in preparing this report, but of 
course errors may have crept in. If 
there should be any, we shall be glad for 

Compared with the report as made in 
the December (1914) Visitor, there 
are reasons both for gratitude and con- 
cern. The per capita rate of giving this 
year is $0.68 compared to $0.66 last 
year. Donations this year, $63,832.14, 
as against $59,741,24 last year; but the 
membership of the church has increased 
almost 3,000. This year 666 churches 
gave, as against 667 last year. Seven 
State Districts gave more than one dol- 
lar per capita, as against eleven reach- 
ing that standard the year before. 

We can hardly say, according to these 
figures, that the grace of giving has been 
exercised more than last year, but in 
many instances of course there may 
have been just cause. We are wonder- 
ing who shall speak for the many 
churches that failed to respond during 
the year with any offering for the work 
of the Lord in the foreign field. Broth- 
er, was yours the church that gave in 
1913 and failed in 1914? If so, why is 
the record thus? The calls from the 
heathen world are even more insistent 
than ever before. As we come nearer 
to the days of our Master's reappearing, 
the demands for consecrated service are 

more numerous and intense ; for as the 
clock ticks on, the heathen continue to 
go into Christless graves. Do they do 
it by your vote? 

In making up these tables there are in 
a few instances difficulties in compila- 
tion that we have been unable to over- 
come, for this year. Some Districts, 
through Sunday-schools, congregations 
or kindred organizations, support mis- 
sionaries on the foreign field. The or- 
ganizations thus assisting do not receive 
credits by respective congregations. 
Hereafter we shall endeavor to compile 
this also, although in some instances this 
will be difficult. Another peculiar diffi- 
culty that is impossible to overcome is 
the matter of special gifts by indi- 
viduals. For instance, during the year 
one sister, who has departed this life, 
made a bequest of almost $1,000. This 
of necessity was reported in that Dis- 
trict under individuals, but this one gift 
raised the rate of giving, as credited to 
that District, almost by one dollar per 
capita. Then there are individuals liv- 
ing in some of the churches who have 
contributed nothing as a church, to the 
work of the General Board, who have 
individually given liberally. To them 
we have no word excepting encourage- 
ment. But since our report must show 
the giving by congregations, we do not 
wish them to take seriously to heart the 
lack of credit that they have received. 
We would suggest that they continue in 
season and out of season to urge their 
elder to take up congregational offer- 

But our report as here presented 
means more than merely credit to those 
congregations that give or do not give. 
It means to bring to the churches a 


The Missionary Visitor 


bird's-eye view of the approximate rate 
of giving by the different parts of the 
Brotherhood; it means to bring a word 
of commendation to those who are be- 
stowing well, and to sound forth a silent 
appeal to those who have given nothing. 
There are various reasons entering into 
the case why churches have given much 
or little, possibly, but those most sen- 
sitive to such reasons are usually among 
the best to contribute. 

Why have not more given? Poverty 
can not be extended as an excuse, for 
many of our churches that are the poor- 
est in this world's goods have given 
liberally. Besides that, a church can 
be no poorer than its membership, and 
some of the very poorest of our mem- 
bers have made donations. The range 
of giving in this case is lifted above the 
plane of wealth or poverty. It is on the 
plane of interest and intelligence and 
consecration. A man or a church may 
bestow liberally once for a showing ; but 
usually that hurts too much, as Bro. 
Howe says in .his article in this issue, 
and that kind of giving is not repeated 
very often. We believe that we can 
say, without hope of contradiction, that 
the reason why our members have been 
giving, or have not been doing so, is 
largely because of the teaching that they 
receive on the subject. 

Then sometimes there is a sort of 
lethargy that hangs like a pall over some 
churches. It robs the membership of its 
initiative. Most of our churches will 
receive an offering for missionary work 
if some one merely takes the initiative 
and suggests it. For instance, in one of 
our Western States last spring no of- 
fering was taken for Conference. No 
one suggested it. Thanksgiving time 
came, a sermon was preached, but . no 
offering of any kind was taken. No 
one suggested it. A very little effort on 
the part of somebody will oftentimes 
win the day for an offering for mis- 
sionary work. 

Then some elders publicly commend 

so elaborately the giving of their mem- 
bership that it destroys the purpose in- 
tended. Sometimes this is done to hide 
the elder's lack of liberality, as some 
churches' record in giving can attest. 
More often it is done to make the mem- 
bership feel good. And over-commen- 
dation results in a pathetic ease in Zion. 

Other ministers scold their flocks be- 
cause they do not do better. Sometimes 
covetousness deserves severe treatment; 
but the shepherd who gets along fastest 
on the road with his flock is always 
ahead of them. A good, willing leader 
can do wonders with his flock in the ex- 
ercise of the grace of giving. 

Phillips Brooks was once asked: 
" What is the first thing you would do 
if you had accepted a call to become the 
pastor of a small, discouraged congre- 
gation that is not even meeting its cur- 
rent expenses ? " " The first thing I 
would do," he replied, " would be to 
preach a sermon on, and ask the con- 
gregation to make an offering for, for- 
eign missions." Certainly this would be 
a painful remedy in some places, but 
the relief would be sure, and if applied 
frequently enough would render the 
cure permanent. Instead of a discour- 
aged congregation, there would be one 
with which the Lord of Hosts could 
work. It is very hard, indeed, for the 
Lord to do much with a church that; 
knows it is " very poor." Remember the 
widow who cast in much more than all 
those of proud estate. 

The influence of those churches 
among us that give the most liberally is 
very marked; for honest giving is only 
the outward expression of the inward I 
condition of the individual. As we j 
write these lines we think of several t 
churches that offer freely, and as a con- 1 
sequence are healthy and happy. Such | 
churches are a factor in their communi 
ty, giving tone to religious affairs andj 
assisting in the movements that make 
for the coming of Jesus Christ into the 


The Missionary Visitor 


hearts of the unsaved. It is as impos- 
sible for giving to fail to enrich and 
sweeten the human heart as it is im- 
possible for the rippling stream to fail to 
impart life to that section through which 
it flows ; and conversely, it is as impos- 
sible for the human heart to bear fruit, 
that refuses to respond to the needy, 
plaintive, appealing call of earth's neg- 
lected, unChristed millions, as it is for 
the Salt Sea to nourish vegetation with 
its loathsome brine. 

Brethren, we trust that this report 
will supply you with fuel for your Con- 
ference missionary sermon. We trust, 
too, that you may bring home to your 
congregations that call, resounding from 
far-off India and China, imploring us 
to a deeper consecration in life and 
purpose. The calls from our fields will 
never be quenched until the Son of Man 
cometh in His glory. As true soldiers 
of the Cross, recognizing God's claims 
upon our lives and that which we pos- 
sess, let us render unto Him that gift 
to which He is entitled. Then will His 
fields be harvested and His benighted 
children succored. 

Arkansas. Membership 247. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Austin, 30 

Broadwater 30 

Crawson 38 

Carlisle, 11 

Farrenburg 12 

Good Hope, 8 

Mt. Hope 11 

Little Brushy 25 

Poplar Bluff 20 

Turnmore, 16 

St. Francis 16 

Springdale 30 $ 2 72 $ 9 

Total by churches, $ 2 72 

Total by individ., 5 25 

Totals 247 $ 7 97 $ 3 

Northern California. Membership 1048. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Butte Valley 63 $ 10 00 $ 15 

Chico 33 7 40 22 

Empire 224 133 50 59 

Fruitvale, 6 

Fresno, 58 17 00 29 

Kerman, 23 13 00 56 

Live Oak, 44 11 65 26 

Lindsay, 89 77 33 87 

McFarland 70 60 38 86 

Oak Grove, 79 68 60 86 

Patterson 34 12 00' 37 

Reedley 159 214 65 1 35 

Raisin City 90 

Rio Linda 13 

Sacramento Vallev, . 47 

Trigo 16 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 1048 

33 55 


103 70 

2 20 

$ 762 76 
222 15 

$ 984 91 

$ 94 

Southern California. Membership 1594. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Covina 139 $ 167 47 $1 20 

El Centro, 35 20 00 57 

East Los Angeles, . 160 148 29 92 

Glendale, 68 14 00 20 

Glendora 165 287 70 17 

Inglewood 40 48 57 1 21 

Imperial Valley, ... 36 28 73 79 

Long Beach 53 54 90 1 03 

Lordsburg, 310 589 07 1 90 

Pasadena 74 169 10 2 28 

Pomona, 82 39 15 47 

South Los Angeles, . 110 76 94 69 

Santa Ana, 56 48 75 87 

Santee 11 

Tropico 50 62 20 1 22 

Hemet 27 26 30 97 

Los Angeles 160 93 91 58 

Mountain View, ... 18 1 10 6 

Special Support, . . . 300 00 

Total by churches, $2176 15 

Total by individ., 533 67 

Totals, 1594 $2709 82 $171 

Western Colorado and Utah. Membership 267. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Fruita, 105 $ 20 31 $ 19 

First Grand Valley, 90 12 00 13 

Smith Fork 33 

Total by churches, $ 95 31 

Total by individ., 22 30 

Totals, 267 $ 117 61 $ 44 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. 

Membership 2521. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Ash Ridge, 32 $ 35 00 $1 09 

Barron 22 

Batavia 51 16 00 31 

Cherry Grove 106 103 73 97 

Chicago 290 285 26 98 

Chippewa Valley, . . 54 4 95 9 

Cloverdale, 20 

Dixon, 75 19 00 25 

Elgin 82 83 98 1 02 

Elk River, 4 

Franklin Grove, ... 210 189 00 90 

Hickory Grove 41 36 50 88 

Lanark, 225 358 34 158 

Maple Grove, 70 3 50 5 

Milledgeville, 80 51 60 64 

Mt. Carroll 45 5 05 11 

Mt. Morris 279 550 12 1 97 

Naperville 60 113 66 189 

Pine Creek 98 89 30 91 

Polo 101 22 38 22 

Rock Creek, 37 23 87 64 

Rockford 53 44 25 83 

Shannon, 60 150 92 2 51 

Sterling 102 90 11 88 

Waddams Grove, ... 120 32 60 27 

West Branch 77 58 46 75 

Willard 8 

Worden, 5 7 

Yellow Creek 62 110 08 1 77 

Total by churches, $2477 66 

Total by individ., 1061 95 

Totals, 2521 $3539 61 $ 14 


The Missionary Visitor 


Southern Illinois. Membership 2266. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Allison Prairie 78 $ 2 00 $ 2 

Astoria, 241 103 18 42 

Big Creek, 46 4 32 9 

Blue Ridge 85 14 31 16 

Camp Creek, 17 

Cerro Gordo, 168 320 17 1 90 

Coal Creek 65 45 % of 1 

Decatur 112 19 75 17 

Girard, 185 292 74 1 52 

Hudson 48 11 42 23 

Hurricane 70 

Kaskaskia, 43 5 90 13 

La Motte Prairie . 20 36 49 1 82 

Loraine, 10 

Macoupin Creek, ... 85 28 45 33 

Martin Creek 28 3 30 11 

Mulberry Grove, ... 60 13 00 16 

Oak Grove, 28 

Oakley 131 395 82 3 02 

Okaw, 198 121 75 61 

Panther Creek 56 24 70 44 

Pleasant Grove, .... 25 

Romine 25 

Salem 15 

Spring Run 26 

Sugar Creek 3'8 14 00 36 

Virden 107 199 35 1 86 

Woodland, 185 161 38 87 

Special Support, . . . 150 00 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

$1919 48 
159 87 

Totals 2266 $2079 35 $ 91 

Middle Indiana. Membership 4150. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Andrews 45 $ 10 20 $ 22 

Burnetts Creek, 73 119 42 1 63 

Bachelor Run, 110 179 16 1 62 

Beaver Creek 38 1 00 2 

Beaver Dam 16 

Clear Creek 58 63 03 1 08 

Eel River 115 66 89 58 

Flora 275 429 55 1 56 

Hickory Grove 60 50 00 83 

Huntington City, ... 125 61 94 49 

Huntington 60 31 65 52 

Kewanna, 30 

Landessville, 40 

Logansport 75 18 75 25 

Dower Deer Creek, . 100 49 60 49 

Doon Creek, 105 151 97 1 44 

Manchester, 415 225 17 5 4 

Monticello 117 40 45 34 

Mexico 245 126 25 51 

Markle 100 58 50 58 

West Manchester, .. 170 73 86 43 

Ogans Creek 45 28 64 63 

Prairie Creek 80 14 12 17 

Pleasant Dale 72 139 62 1 93 

Oak Grove 24 

Portland 22 

Pipe Creek, 152 112 41 73 

Peru, 90 1 00 1 

Plunge Creek Chapel, 113' 23 71 20 

Pleasant View 66 28 11 42 

Roann, 113 5 50 4 

Sugar Creek 57 62 16 1 09 

Spring Creek 165 328 64 1 99 

Salamonie 200 247 71 1 23 

Somerset 80 31 00 38 

Santa Fe 85 40 00 47 

Upper Deer Creek, . 70 44 82 64 

Wabash, 60 

West Marion, 64 17 01 26 

West Eel River mi 40 32 39 

South Whitley 38 40 81 1 07 

Cart Creek, 40 

'Wabash Citv, 32 

Special Support, . . . 300 00 

Total bv churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 4150 

$3262 96 
373 37 

$3636 33 

Northern Indiana. Membership 4955. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Baugo 125 $ 48 39 $ 38 

Bethel, 45 40 80 90 

Berrien 32 

Bethany 168 31157 18 

Blue River 140 79 00 56 

Blissville 160 24 27 15 

Bremen 66 16 71 25 

Camp Creek, 85 32 20 37 

Cedar Creek 70 101 25 1 44 

Cedar Lake 100 40 55 40 

Elkhart (W. Goshen), 370 183 78 49 

Elkhart City 145 84 49 58 

Elkhart Valley 94 38 11 40 

English Prairie 135 79 66 59 

Ft. Wayne 37 1 00 2 

Pleasant View 40 

Goshen City 240 127 39 S3 

Topeka 152 10 00 6 

LaPorte 68 

Maple Grove, 193 181 19 93 

Nappanee 229 137 72 60 

New Salem 40 120 84 3 02 

North Liberty, 124 81 17 65 

Osceola, 56 4 37 7 

Pine Creek, 212 59 50 28 

Pleasant Hill 67 

Pleasant Valley, ... 100 27 41 27 

Portage "30 

Rock Run, 170 176 08 103 

Salem 59 2 00 3 

Shipshewana, 85 41 14 48 

Middlebury 109 54 21 49 

1st South Bend, ... 124 139 42 1 12 

2nd South Bend, ... 46 35 '00 76 

Wawaka, 100 104 47 1 04 

St. Joseph Valley, . . 25 

Syracuse 47 6 16 13 

Tippecanoe 70 

Turkey Creek, 109 67 25 61 

Union 94 43 50 46 

Union Center, 210 36 95 17 

Walnut, 120 142 68 1 18 

Washington 60 5 00 8 

Yellow Creek, 114 74 30 65 

Yellow River 80 51 51 64 

Special Support, . . . 570 00 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

$3381 04 
469 85 

$ 87 

Totals 4955 $3850 89 

Southern Indiana. Membership 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Anderson, 85 $ 31 16 

Arcadia 77 32 00 

Beech Grove 125 13 45 

Buck Creek 90 98 05 

Bethany 19 4 00 

Bethel Center 16 3 75 

Fairview 55 48 67 

Fountain 30 7 00 

Four Mile 120 119 82 

Harrison County, . . 19 

Hartford City 28 4 50 

Hillisburg, 12 

Howard 85 134 02 

Indianapolis 50 39 00 

Killbuck 50 26 25 

Ladoga 40 25 00 

Lick Creek. 130 22 91 

Little Walnut 17 

Lower Fall Creek, . 20 

Middlefork 190 34 45 

Mis=issinewa 181 117 00 

Mt. Pleasant 46 20 38 

Muncie, 72 33 85 

Nettle Creek 310 207 82 

New -Hope 24 2 00 

Plevna 43 2 00 

Pyrmont, 135 120 00 

Sampson Hill 35 

Summitville 36 14 00 

Unper Fall Creek, . 85 14 36 

White 171 40 00 

New Bethel 26 5 50 

$ 77 


$ 36 
1 08 


1 22 




The Missionary Visitor 


$2162 26 
390 78 

Windfall .. 98 6 02 

Noblesville 25 13' 10 

Total bv churches $1210 06 

Total by individ., 421 35 

Totals 2542 $1631 41 

Middle Iowa. Membership 1217. 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Beaver, 42 $ 2S 00 

Brooklyn 69 78 13 

Cedar 27 23 32 

Cedar Rapids, 45 392 93 

Coon River 199 161 53 

Dallas Center 150 397 42 

Des Moines Valley, 97 132 30 

Des Moines, 96 10 25 

Dry Creek, 50 32 04 

Garrison 68 76 72 

Harlan 9 

Indian Creek 95 19 00 

Iowa River 50 15 00 

Muscatine, 49 20 00 

Oak Grove 5 

Panther Creek, 118 484 26 

Prairie City 48 169 50 

Special Support, ... 122 16 

Total by Churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals, 1217 

Northern Iowa, Minnesota 

Congregation. Memb. 

Big Lake, 

Curlew 25 

Deer Park 26 

Franklin County, ... 40 

Greene 110 

Grundy County 250 

Hancock 30 

Kingsley 70 

Lewi^ton, 5 2 

Morrill 40 

Maple Valley 17 

Minneapolis 70 

Pleasant Prairie, ... 16 

Root River, 120 

Sheldon, 33 

South Waterloo, . . . 275 

Spring Creek 30 

Slifer 26 

Waterloo, 203 

Willow Creek, 25 

Winona, 25 

Worthington 90 

Special Support, . . . 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 1570 


$ 64 

$ 66 

1 13 

8 73 

2 64 
1 36 



1 12 



4 10 

3 53 

$2553 04 

$2 09 

and South 



Amt. Ch. 




$ 9 07 

$ 12 

31 20 

1 24 

10 25 


74 41 


332 70 

1 33 

40 00 

1 33 

43 67 


19 90 


76 67 

1 09 

104 77 


96 00 

2 90 

222 55 


12 50 


86 00 


62 00 

2 48 

4 50 


75 19 


300 00 

$1601 38 
1246 70 

$2848 08 

Southern Iowa. Memb«rship 719 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Council Bluffs 40 

Crooked Creek 9 $ 4 00 

English River 202 366 04 

Fairview, 66 43 56 

Franklin 26 13 00 

Libertvville, 88 75 30 

Monroe, 60 8 84 

Mt. Etna, 16 

Osceola, 30 20 00 

Salem, 58 

South Keokuk, 56 67 00 

South Ottumwa, ... 68 1 00 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 719 

$ 598 74 
53 60 

$ 652 34 

$1 81 


$ 44 
1 81 


1 19 


Northeastern Kansas. Membership 1533. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 
Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Abilene, 178 $ 103 00 $ 57 

Appanoose 104 53 09 51 

Chapman Creek, ... 80 

Cottonwood, 30 

East Maple Grove, . IS 
Kansas City (Cen- 
tral Avenue), .... 86 50 54 5S 
Kansas City Mis- 
sion, 51 50 9-10 of 1 

Lawrence 24 

Morrill 240 201 65 84 

Ozawkie 90 14 00 15 

Ottawa 115 110 65 96 

Overbrook 35 43 00 122 

Olathe 38 77 60 2 04 

Pleasant Grove 15 

Rock Creek, 30 12 00 40 

Ramona, 30 64 50 2 15 

Sabetha, 89 40 27 45 

Topeka, 50 

Vermillion 75 43 68 58 

Washington, 40 13 73' 3 1 

Washington Creek. . 88 16 72 19 

Wade Branch 27 

Special Support, . . . 300 00 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

$1144 93 
168 53 

Totals, 1533 $1313 46 $ 85 

Northwestern Kansas and Northeastern 
Colorado. Membership 1065. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Antioch 40 $ 50 $ 1 

Belleville 79 1 '00 1 

Bethany 23 1 91 8 

Bethel 30 

Burr Oak, 100 

Colorado City, 60 14 45 24 

First Denver 60 66 50 1 10 

Second Denver, .... 21 

Dorrance 43 3 00 6 

Good Hope, 22 6 45 29 

Maple Grove 53 20 00 37 

North Solomon, ..82 64 35 78 

Pleasant View 15 

Quinter 230 14 35 6 

Saline Valley 11 

Sterling, 42 182 75 4 3'5 

Victor, 105 63 50 60 

White Rock 49 12 5'0 25 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

$ 451 26 
1082 30 

Totals 1065 $1533 56 $1 44 

Southeastern Kansas. Membership 645. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Altamont, 21 $ 4 00 $ 19 

Altoona, 28 1 65 5 

Fredonia, 50 12 77 25 

Grenola 53 9 65 IS 

Independence 75 10 55 14 

Mont Ida 50 20 00 40 

Neosho 24 3 60 15 

New Hope, 13 9 00 RS 

Osage 71 8 00 11 

Parsons 80 

Paint Crp<-k 61 1 60 2 

Scott Valley 44 6 50 14 

Verdigris, 75 59 95 79 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 645 

$ 147 27 
244 15 

$ 391 42 


Southwestern Kansas and Southeastern Colo- 
rado. Membership 1591. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Bloom 33 $ 42 00 $1 27 

Eden Valley 47 


Garden City 24 

Kansas Center 35 

Lamed 78 

McPherson 255 

McClave 51 

Monitor, 87 

Murdock, 40 

Miami 59 

Newton, 72 

Pleasant View, .... 87 

Peabody, 34 

Prairie View, 75 

Rocky Ford 150 

Slate Creek, 110 

Lamed City, 35 

Salem 80 

Santa Fe, 25 

Walnut Valley 15 

"Wichita, 135 

Wiley '. . . 64 

Special Support by 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals, 1591 

The Missionary Visitor 


May ij 

11 06 





















7 9 
















$1 02 

Eastern Maryland. Membership 2191. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Baltimore, 70 $ 26 00 $ 37 

Beaver Dam, 130 14 03 10 

Bush Creek, 130 25 00 19 

Denton, 198 125 36 63 

Frederick City, .... 80 

Long Green Valley, 41 29 15 71 

Locust Grove, 80 40 25 50 

Meadow Branch, ... 250 135 38 54 
Middletown Valley, 25 

Monocacy, 150 22 05 14 

Pipe Creek 250 417 00 1 66 

Piney Creek, 50 1 75 3 

Sams Creek 163 38 00 23 

"West Point 32 

Washington City, . . 180 168 96 93 

Woodberry 140 33 83 24 

Total bv churches, $1076 70 

Total by individ., 367 35 

Totals, 2191 $1444 05 $ 65 

Middle Maryland. Membership 1577. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Beaver Creek 175 $ 70 75 $ 40 

Berkeley, 50 

Brownsville, 300 234 29 78 

Hagerstown 500 151 29 30 

Johnstown 38 

Licking Creek, 79 

Welsh Run 195 89 53 45 

Manor, 240 62 40 26 

Total by churches, $ 608 26 

Total by individ., 14 75 

Totals 1577 $623 31 $ 39 

Western Maryland. Membership 572. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Bear Creek, 60 $ 20 24 $ 33 

Cherry Grove, 40 

Fairview, 70 

Georges Creek 22 

Maple Grove 175 

Oakland 140 7 07 5 

Sandy Creek, 65 

Total by churches, $ 27 31 

Total by individ., 25 65 

Totals 572 $ 52 96 $ 9 

Michigan. Membership 1329. 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Bear Lake 26 

Beaverton, 200 

Black River 20 

Chippewa Creek, ... 26 

Coleman, 10 

Crystal, 42 $ 7 11 

Elmdale, 37 4 00 

Grand Rapids 60 

Harlan, 100 15 30 

Homestead 22 

Little Traverse, .... 16 

Long Lake, 24 16 37 

Lake View 93 

New Haven, 60 58 50 

Onekama, 44 10 00 

Riverside 46 1 60 

Saginaw 24 3 86 

Sugar Ridge 127 116 65 

Sunfleld, 36 44 57 

Thornapple, 43 52 37 

Vestaburg, 28 

Woodland, 112 202 07 

Woodland Village, . 47 

Zion, 86 14 68 



1 80 

Total by churches, $ 546 78 

Total by individ., 79 25 

Totals, 1329 $626 03 $ 47 

Middle Missouri. Membership 593. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Centerview, 25 

Clear Fork 20 $ 9 60 $ 48 

Deepwater 47 3 37 7 

Kansas City, 47 20 41 43 

Mineral Creek 145 61 23 42 

Mound Valley, 20 20 37 1 00 

Mound 66 . 57 53 87 

Osceola, 18 

Prairie View 39 31 77 81 

South Warrensburg, 35 15 44 44 

Spring Branch 78 66 00 84 

Turkey Creek, 11 24 22 2 02 

Warrensburg, 42 22 31 53 

Total by churches, $ 331 95 

Total by individ., 163 26 

Totals 593 $ 495 21 $ 83 

Northern Missouri. Membership 551. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita 

Bethel 70 $ 25 00 $ 35 

Log Creek, 20 

North St. Joseph, . . 36 6 95 19 

Pleasant View 84 30 90 36 

Rockingham, 133 116 52 87 

Smith Fork 103 91 34 88 

South St. Joseph, . 131 17 25 13 
Shelby County, .... 16 

Kidder, 19 

Wakenda, 70 144 65 2 06 

Total bv churches, $ 432 61 

Total by individ., 76 55 

Totals, 551 $ 509 16 $ 92 

Southern Missouri. Membership 555. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Bethany 16 

Cabool 88 $ 29 41 % 33 

Carthage 60 14 33 23 

Cedar County 11 

Drv Fork, 79 7 69 9 

Fairview, 50 17 36 34 

Joplin 18 2 27 12 

Mt. Hermon, 19 6 64 34 

Nevada 44 3 00 6 

Oak Grove 36 5 67 15 

Peace Valley 33 11 35 34 

Pilot Knob, 8 

Springdale 16 


The Missionary Visitor 

Spring River 20 

Shoal Creek 37 3 65 9 

Waynesville 20 

Total by churches, $ 101 04 

Total by individ., 82 00 

Totals 555 $ 183 04 $ 32 

Nebraska. Membership 1090. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Afton, 80 $ 22 10 $ 27 

Alvo 24 16 05 66 

Arcadia, 22 

Beatrice 71 70 50 99 

Bethel 140 491 48 3 51 

Falls City 32 13 40 41 

Glen Rock 29 

Grand Prairie 7 

Highline, 29 

Juniata 38 

Kearney 66 64 79 98 

Lincoln, 35 23 75 67 

Logan Grove 25 

Octavia, ' 70 10 00 14 

Omaha Mission, 68 7 00 10 

Pioneer 38 3 00 7 

Red Cloud, 45 

Sappy Creek 30 

Silver Lake 30 

South Beatrice, 160 33' 10 20 

South Loup 30 

South Red Cloud, . 31 

Special Support, ... 159 27 

Total by churches, $ 914 44 

Total by individ., 339 5 8 

Totals 1090 $1254 02 $115 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and 
Florida. Membership 723. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Arcadia, 12 

Bethel 21 

Brummett Creek, ... 56 $ 5 45 $ 9 

Brooklyn 20 

Blue Ridge 20 

Bailey Church 35 

Flat Rock 15 

Green River Cove, 12 

Golden, 27 1 00 3 

Hollow Poplar 25 

Little Pine 20 

Mt. Carmel, 25 

Middleburg, 14 

Mountain "View, .... 25 

Mountain Creek, ... 20 

Mill Creek, 40 15. 67 39 

Melvin Hill 100 7 15 7 

i New Bethel, 16 

I Peak Creek, 57 

. Pleasant Valley, ... 34 

1 Pleasant Grove 50 5 00 10 

i Pigeon River 20 

j Rowland Creek, .... 41 

Zion Church 18 20 00 111 

Total by churches, $ 5 4 27 

Total by individ., 53 55 

Totals 723 $ 107 82 $ 14 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and Western 
Canada. Membership 1542. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Valley 32 

Ray, 54 $ 25 00 $ 46 

Salem 66 

Brumbaugh, 76 29 00 38 

Surrey, 77 74 03 96 

Sharon, . . . •. 65 15 85 24 

Turtle Mt 41 

Bowden Valley 22 

Golden Willow, 23 10 40 45 

White Rock 14 

Williston, 50 80 50 1 61 

Minot, 40 27 60 69 

Glasston, 20 20 30 

Battle Creek 52 15 05 

Berthold 42 5 2 09 

Cando 180 84 33' 

Flora, 42 

Carrington 39 29 85 

Egeland, 71 28 12 

Fairview 39 15 97 

Englevale 12 

Irricana 47 19 00 

James River 60 6 02 

Kenmare, 63 41 69 

Medicine Lake 70 83 76 

Mountain View 9 

Pleasant Ridge, .... 60 

Pleasant Valley, ... 55 21 25 

Pleasant Val., Can., 45 

Rock Lake, 48 52 46 

Milk River Valley, 28 3 38 

Total by churches, & 735 65 

Total by individ., 465 45 

Totals, 1542 $120110 

Northeastern Ohio. Membership 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Akron, 100 $ 62 29 

Ashland, 220 123 59 

Black River, 110 122 25 

Bristolville, 20 

Canton 86 40 00 

Canton City, 60 33 35 

Chippewa, ..202 53 06 

Danville 110 20 00 

East Nimishillen, .. 250 200 99 

Freeburg 63 153 85 

Goshen, 38 

Greenwood 49 3 10 

Jonathan Creek, ... 126 104 35 

Loudonville, 40 42 66 

Mahoning 100 44 28 

Maple Grove 150 49 78 

Ashland City, 6 00 

Mohican 50 42 27 

Mt. Zion 30 13 03 

Owl Creek, 100 130 20 

Reading, 150 53 00 

Springfield, 175 102 04 

Sugar Creek, 225 16 80 

Tuscarawas, 40 11 10 

West Nimishillen, .95 5 00 

Wooster 100 144 19 

Total by churches, $1577 18 

Total by individ., 167 53 

Totals 2689 $1744 71 

Northwestern Ohio. Membership 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Baker, 40 $ 60 10 

Bellefontaine, 38 35 33 

Black Swamp, 29 13 37 

Blanchard, 67 16 81 

Blue Creek 40 3 50 

County Line 65 9 36 

Deshler 26 41 66 

Eagle Creek 90 67 00 

Fairview, 3'4 6 12 

Fostoria 91 54 01 

Greenspring, 54 98 75 

Lima, 75 142 93 

Maumee 50 14 55 

Poplar Ridge, 120 107 51 

Portage, 25 19 61 

Toledo, 36 9 60 

Richland, 60 

Rome 32 19 13 

Ross 31 7 60 

Sand Ridge, 25 12 80 

Silver Creek, 174 159 75 

Sugar Creek 255 450 90 

Sugar Ridge 8 

Swan Creek 49 41 05 

Seneca, 65 

Wyandot 24 28 02 

Lick Creek 100 98 95 

Marion, 10 97 


1 01 


1 24 







1 19 


1 09 

$ 77 



$ 62 


1 11 


2 44 



1 06 





1 30 






1 44 

$ 64 



$1 50 










The Missionary Visitor 

Total by churches, $1616 71 

Total by individ., 178 05 

Totals 1801 $1794 76 $ 99 

Southern, Ohio. Membership 5748. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Bear Creek, 160 $ 357 04 $2 23 

Beaver Creek, 55 5 50 10 

Beech Grove, 89 18 24 ' 23 

Brookville 180 59 34 32 

Coving-ton, 510 38 58 7 

Casstown 20 

Charleston 23 11 50 50 

Circleville, 61 

Donnels Creek, 220 23 5 10 

Eversole 157 25 00 15 

East Dayton 42 75 46 179 

Fort McKinley, 116 46 09 39 

Greenville, 150 172 07 1 14 

Hickory Grove 160 137 55 85 

Lexington 12 

Lower Stillwater, . . 95 38 50 40 

Lower Twin 140 22 06 15 

Lower Miami, 100 21 70 21 

.Middle District 90 16 50 18 

Marble Furnace, .... 20 

New Carlisle 214 85 99 40 

North Star, 81 6 00 7 

Newton 150 55 00 3'6 

Oakland 185 52 97 28 

Pleasant Valley, ... 80 300 3 

Poplar Grove 150 154 87 1 03 

Prices Creek 180 86 28 47 

Palestine, 49 39 53 80 

Rush Creek 40 23 00 57 

Stone Lick 28 100 3 

Salem 350 478 76 1 36 

Strait Creek 40 7 00 17 

Sidney, 124 35 00 28 

Trotwood 153 210 90 1 37 

Upper Twin, ....... 185 29 60 16 

Union City 130 43 11 33 

White Oak, 25 

West Milton, 145 22 20 15 

West Dayton 204 85 02 41 

Upper Stillwater, . . 286 71 50 25 

Loramie, 60 4 70 7 

May Hill 10 

Pittsburg, . .• 23'0 66 39 28 

Painter Creek, 189 122 00 64 

Troy, 60 4 00 6 

Special Support, ... 600 00 

Total by churches, $3356 45 

Total by individ., 230 66 

Totals, 5748 $3587 11 $ 62 

Oklahoma, Texas and Sew Mexico. 
Membership 1059. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Bear Creek 55 $ 3 00 $ 5 

Big Creek 89 139 82 1 57 

Cement, 28 

Clovis, 36 27 35 75 

Elk City, .■ 30 

Guthrie 44 9 50 21 

Hoyle Creek, 52 

Indian Creek,'' 52 

Monitor 68 

Mt. Hope 16 

New Hope 19 

New Oak Grove, ... 19 

North Star, 29 

Panhandle 24 

Paradise Prairie, ... 53 

Pecos Valley 26 

Pleasant Home 18 

Pleasant Plains, ... 53 

Prairie Lake, 45 

Red River 35 

Sunshine, 20 

Thomas 80 33 52 41 

Turkey Creek, 20 

Union Center 16 5 00 31 

Washita 109 5 92 5 

Aylesworth, 23 


Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

19 32 

$ 243 48 
23'4 43 


$ 45 



$2 58 


1 20 

1 95 
1 24 
1 77 

Totals, 1059 $ 477 91 

Idaho. Membership 668. 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Boise City 14 

Boise Valley, 78 $ 201 76 

Clearwater 27 8 70 

Payette Valley, 126 85 03 

Lost River Valley, . 12 

Madden View, 35 10 00 

Nampa 77 93 00 

Nezperce, 110 58 25 

Twin Falls 97 189 95 

Weiser, 60 74 91 

Winchester, 18 32 00 

Flathead Valley, ... 14 

Total by churches, $ 753 60 

Total by individ., 106 30 

Totals 668 $ 859 90 $1 28 

Washing-ton. Membership 771. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Centralia 75 $ 91 31 $1 21 

East Wenatchee, . . 103 5 10 4 

Mt. Hope 32 20 '00 , 62 

Omak, 9 

North Yakima 54 23 82 45 

Olympia, 46 27 00 58 

Seattle, 65 117 35 180 

Spokane 20 13 09 65 

Stiverson 18 

Sunnyside, 85 37 50 1 61 

Tacoma, 34 7 07 20 

Tekoa, 26 10 00 38 

Wenatchee 204 63' 25 31 

Total by churches, $ 415 49 

Total by individ., 195 43 

Totals .771 $ 610 92 $ 79 

Oregon. Membership 414. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita, 

Ashland 38 $ 20 60 $ 54 

Bandon 15 13 95 93 

Bend, 9 

Lebanon 22 

Mohawk, 20 16 52 82 

Myrtle Point 125 45 00 36 

Newberg 86 37 10 43 

Portland 41 40 19 98 

Rogue River, 18 

Weston 25 15 60 62 

Williams, 15 4 35 29 

Total by churches, $ 193 31 

Total by individ., 8 90 

Totals, 414 $ 202 21 $ 48 

Eastern Pennsylvania. Membership 6253. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Annville 135 $ 60 00 $ 44 

Chiques, 275 48 06 17 

Conestoga, 219 21 87 9 

Conestoga, West, . . 370 73 00 19 

Conewago, 112 22 06 19 

Elizabethtown 306 207 53 67 

Ephrata 224 130 00 58 

Fairview 149 33' 45 22 

Greentree, West, ... 247 40 00 16 

Harrisburg, 95 31 75 33 

Hatfield 130 74 00 56 

Indian Creek, 166 81 69 49 

Lancaster City 225 131 75 58 

Maiden Creek, 42 14 35 34 

Mechanics Grove, . . 40 22 85 57 

Midway 270 97 00 35 

Mingo, 125 96 39 77 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mountville 350 

Norristown 45 

Peach Blossom, .... 85 

Reading, 88 

Ridgely 145 

Schuylkill 80 

Shamokin 17 

Spring Creek, 422 

Springfield 80 

Spring Grove 77 

Springville 265 

Swatara, Big 289 

Swatara, Little, . . . 330 

Tulpehocken 400 

White Oak 450 

Special Support, . . . 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 6253 

Middle Pennsylvania. 
Congregation. Memb 

Albright, 75 

Altoona 412 

Ardenheim, 55 

Artemas 60 

Aughwick, 220 

Bellwood, 76 

Claar 223 

Clover Creek 281 

Carson Valley 60 

Everett 160 

Fairview, 199 

Huntingdon 225 

Hollidaysburg, 50 

James Creek, 44 

Juniata Park 190 

Lewistown 266 

Leamersville, 88 

New Enterprise, . . . 27S 

Raven Run 76 

Roaring Spring 170 

Riddlesburg 50 

Spring Run, 174 

Snake Spring, 253 

Stonerstown 74 

Tyrone, 79 

Woodbury 2 65 

Warriorsmark, 28 

Yellow Creek, 140 

Special Support, . . . 

Total by churches, $1565 31 

Total by individ., 238 86 

Totals, 4271 $1804 17 $ 42 

Southeastern Pennsylvania, N. J. and Eastern 
N, 7. Membership 1733. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Amwell 70 $ 14 00 $ 20 

Bethany, 125 

Brooklyn 115 35 00 30 

Coventrv 182 98 10 53 

Geiger Memorial, . . 100 50 00 50 

Germantown, 128 112 87 88 

Green Tree, 300 46 68 15 

Parker Ford, 105 107 50 1 02 

Philadelphia, 1st Ch., 400 510 00 1 27 

Royersford 100 20 02 20 

Harmonyville 74 

Upper Dublin 34 20 00 5S 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 1733 

Southern Pennsylvania. 
Congregation. Memb. 

Antietam, 780 

Buffalo 50 

Back Creek 250 

Codorus 300 

Chambersburg, 84 

Falling Spring, 200 









1 58 







































$ 54 








$ 103 


$ 25 
























1 22 



2 20 







































$1014 17 
35 75 

$1049 92 


Amt. Ch. 


$ 331 00 

9 00 

40 80 

42 00 

$ 60 


$ 42 

Hanover 89 

Lost Creek 25 

Lower Conewago, . . 175 

Lower Cumberland, . 239 

Marsh Creek, 100 

Perry, 50 

Pleasant Hill 150 

Ridge 102 

Upper Cumberland, 225 

Upper Conewago, . . 300 

Upper Codorus 275 

Sugar Valley 150 

Waynesboro, 702 

York, 367 

Carlisle, 50 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 4888 

Western Pennsylvania. 

Congregation. Memb. 

Berlin, 151 

Bolivar 40 

Brothers Valley, . . . 300 

Chess Creek 47 

Dunnings Creek, ... 72 

Elk Lick, „ .. 120 

Georges Creek, T. . . 100 

Glade Run 160 

Greensburg, 145 

Indian Creek, 125 

Jacobs Creek, 230 

Johnstown, 510 

Ligonier 36 

Maple Glen, 80 

Manor 120 

Markleysburg, 200 

Meyersdale 360 

Middle Creek 583 

Montgomery 81 

Mt. Union, 15 

Pittsburgh 150 

Plum Creek, 120 

Quemahoning, 365 

Red Bank, 100 

Rockton 90 

Shade Creek 25 

Scalp Level 300 

Summit Mills 166 

Ten Mile, 24 

West Johnstown, . . 650 

Pleasant Hill, 100 

Morrellville 250 

Greenville 80 

Trout Run 50 

Special Support, . . . 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 




















00 J 

-10 of 1 




























$ 33 








285 41 

$2504 97 
317 62 

Totals 6325 $2822 59 

Tennessee, Membership 1541. 
No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Bailey Grove, 27 

Beaver Creek, 40 $ 6 25 

Cedar Grove, 128 

Cumberland, 40 

French Broad, 54 

Fruitdale 50 

Knob Creek, 200 35 76 

Limestone 50 6 00 

Meadow Branch, ... 33 6 00 

Mountain Valley, . . 120 

New Hope 95 4 50 

Oneonto, 30 9 71 

Oakland 40 2 00 

Pleasant View 150 

Pleasant Mount, ... 30 

Pleasant Hill 85 7 00 

Pleasant Valley, ... 100 9 00 

Pinev Flats, 

"White Horn 125 

Walnut Grove, 40 

White Shoals 8 

Wolf Creek 22 

Wayne Mission, ... 12 


51 50 
40 58 
17 85 



1 30 

4-5 of 1 

12 20 
90 33 


35 78 
117 55 


161 15 


7 45 
7 00 


16 10 

348 53 



8 00 

189 89 

256 66 

46 89 

5 00 

200 00 


5 80 


600 00 

$ 44 


$ 15 






The Missionary Visitor 



Bristol 22 

Midway, 40 

Total by churches, $ 86 22 

Total by individ., 222 60 

Totals, 1541 $ 308 82 $ 20 

Texas and Louisiana, Membership 341. 
No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Bethel 26 

Ft. Worth, - 31 $ 9 00 $ 26 

Live Oak, 14 

Manvel 70 5 4 39 77 

Nocona, 62 

Pleasant Grove, ... 12 

Portland, 15 

Roanoke, Ill 81 00 72 

Total by churches, $ 144 39 

Total by individ., 174 55 

Totals 341 $ 318 94 $ 93 

First Virginia. Membership 2252. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Allegheny 20 

Bethel, 60 $ 5 00 $ 8 

Bluefleld, 18 

Chestnut Grove, ... 177 36 27 20 

Crab Orchard, 60 

Cloverdale, 160 52 00 32 

Copper Hill 235 

Daleville, 175 36 82 31 

Greenbriar, 15 

Jeters Chapel, 40 

Johnsville 75 

Monroe, 44 

Mt. Joy 150 

Oakvale, 60 

Peters Creek, 225 96 52 42 

Roanoke City, 300 262 25 87 

Saunders Grove, ... 33 

Smiths Chapel, 30 

Troutville 250 57 25 22 

Pleasant Valley, . . . 125 

Special Supports, 
Daleville, Trout- 
ville and Clover- 
dale, 1101 22 

Total by churches, $1647 33 

Total by individ., 574 20 

Totals, ...2252 $2221 53 $ 98 

Second Virginia. Membership 2923. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Barren Ridge 150 $ 142 58 $ 95 

Beaver Creek 400 150 89 37 

Bridgewater 347 416 93 1 20 

Buena Vista 182 

Crummets Run, 208 

Chimney Run Chapel, . . 

Elk Run, .......... 128 38 10 29 

Fairfax, 157 22 52 14 

Lebanon, 125 103 55 80 

Middle River 300 80 90 26 

Mt. Vernon 32 57 46 1 79 

Pleasant Valley, ... 174 182 86 1 05 

Sangerville 500 52 92 10 

Staunton 50 

Summit, 140 80 84 57 

Valley Bethel, 30 5 15 17 

Total by churches, $1331 70 

Total by individ., 313 72 

Totals 2923 $1645 42 $ 56 

Northern Virginia, Membership 3805. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Brock's Gap, 75 

Cooks Creek 300 $ 102 18 $ 34 

Flat Rock, 472 80 51 17 

Green Mount, 375 15 6 40 41 

Harrisonburg g4 29 74 31 

Lower Lost River, . 215 

Linville Creek 240 65 66 27 

Mill Creek, 500 365 52 73 

Mt. Zion 525 28 76 5 

North Mill Creek, . 65 

Pleasant View 25 

Powels Fort 50 

South Fork, 50 

Salem 70 34 78 49 

Timberville, 179 147 90 82 

Unity 210 62 75 29 

Upper Lost River, . 240 

Woodstock, 120 5 36 4 

Special Support, . . . 150 00 

Total by churches, $1229 56 

Total by individ., 233 82 

Totals, 3805 $1463 38 $ 38 

Southern Virginia. Membership 2228. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Angel's Rest, 

Antioch 215 $ 116 00 $ 53 

Bethlehem, 300 26 50 8 

Burks Fork 77 6 95 9 

Beaver Creek, 100 


Coulson, 102 

Christiansburg, .... 46 

Fraternity, 140 9 40 6 

Germantown 200 61 00 30 

Mt. Carmel, 230 33 90 14 

Mt. Hermon 30 

Mt. Jackson, 

Pleasant Valley, ... 125 11 26 9 

Pleasant Hill, 80 8 47 10 

Red Oak Grove, ... 100 12 00 12 

Smiths River, 133 60 00 45 

Swan Creek 24 

Snow Creek, 35 

St. Paul, 40 

Topeco 130 5 38 4 

White Rock, 86 

Walkers Wall 35 


Special Support, ... 250 00 

Total by churches, $ 600 86 

Total by individ., 4 00 

Totals, 2228 $ 604 86 $ 27 

Eastern Virginia. Membership 976. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Bethel, 47 

Belmont, 20 

Fairfax 197 $ 51 00 $ 25 

Locust Grove, 

Manassas 69 38 25 55 

Madison, 35 

Midland, 96 21 94 22 

Mine Run 48 

Nokesville, 369 120 44 32 

Rappahannock, 46 

Trevilian, 49 2 05 4 

Total bv churches, $ 233 68 

Total by individ., 28 10 

Totals, 976 $ 261 78 $ 26 

First "West Virginia. Membership 1957. 
No. Amt. Ch. Per 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Alleghenv 104 $ 5 10 $ 4 

Beaver Run, 145 25 96. 17 

Bean Settlement, . . 70 

Cheat River 40 

Greenland 120 

German Settlement, 390 372 27 95 

Harmon 70 65 91 94 

Knobley 20 3 9 41 4 

Capon Chapel 79 

New Creek 3'5 

North Fork 40 

White Pine 100 

Red Creek 99 

Sandy Creek, 300 117 44 39 


Seneca 45 

Tearcoat 120 

Pleasant View, .... 
Old Furnace, 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 1957 

Second West Virginia, 

Congregation. Memb. 

Bethany 50 

Brady Gate 13 

Beans Chapel, 50 

Mill Creek 42 

Mt. Zion 20 

Pleasant Valley, ... 29 

Shiloh 140 

Valley River 45 

Ryerson Station, . . 20 

Total by churches, 
Total by individ., 

Totals 409 

The Missionary Visitor 


17 50 

$ 613 59 
82 83 

$ 696 42 

$ 35 



Amt. Ch. 

$ 20 51 

$ 41 

2 61 


23 12 
23 65 

$ 46 77 

Cuba. Membership. 



Amt. Ch. 

$ 11 


State Member- No. 

District. ship. Ch. 

Arkansas, 247 12 

Northern California, 1048 16 

Southern California, 1594 18 

Western Colorado and Utah, . . 267 4 

N. Illinois and Wisconsin, .... 2521 29 

Southern Illinois 2266 29 

Middle Indiana 4150 42 

Northern Indiana 4955 44 

Southern Indiana, 2542 3'4 

Middle Iowa, 1217 17 

Northern Iowa 1570 22 

Southern Iowa. 719 12 

Northeastern Kansas, 1533 22 

N. W. Kansas and N. B. Colo., 1065 18 

Southeastern Kansas 645 13 

S. W. Kansas and S. B. Colo., 15 91 22 

Eastern Maryland 2191 16 

Middle Maryland, 1577 8 

Western Maryland, 572 7 

Michigan, 1329 24 

Middle Missouri, 593 13 

Northern Missouri, 551 10 

Southern Missouri, 555 16 

Nebraska, 7 1090 22 

N. and S. Car., Ga. and Fla., . . 723' 24 

N. D., E. Mont, and W. Can., . . 1542 31 

Northeastern Ohio, 2689 26 

Northwestern Ohio, 1801 29 

Southern Ohio 5748 45 

Okla 1059 27 

Idaho, 668 12 

Washington 771 13 

Oregon, 414 11 

Eastern Pennsylvania 6253 32 

Middle Pennsylvania 4271 28 

S. E. Pa., N. J. and N. T 1733 12 

Southern Pennsylvania, 4888 20 

Western Pennsylvania 6325 34 

Tennessee, 1541 25 

Texas and Louisiana 341 8 

First Virginia 2252 20 

Second Virginia 2923 16 

Northern Virginia, 3S05 18 

Southern Virginia 2228 24 

Eastern Virginia 976 11 

First West Virginia, 1957 18 

Second West Virginia, 409 9 

Cuba, 1 

India 1130 9 

Denmark and Sweden, 227 2 


Totals 93062 976 


Omaja $ 10 00 

Total by churches, $ 10 00 

Totals $ 10 00 

India. Membership 1130. 

No. Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1914. 

Dahanu, 25 

Jalalpor, 27 

Bulsar 177 

Anklesvar, 429 

Ahwa 64 

Pimpalner 25 

Vada 13 

Vali 98 

Vyara, 272 

Total, 1130 

Denmark and Sweden. Membership 227. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per 
Congregation. Memb. 1914. Capita. 

Denmark, 89 $ 39 72 $ 44 

Sweden, 138 3 85 2 

Total by churches, $ 43 57 

Totals, 227 $ 43 57 $ 14 

Unknown $ 266 71 







• 6 











Amt. by 

; 2 72 

762 76 

2176 15 

95 31 

2477 66 

1919 48 

3262 96 

3381 04 

1213 06 

2162 26 

1601 38 

598 74 

1144 93 

451 26 

147 27 

1499 60 

1076 70 

608 26 

27 31 

546 78 

331 95 

432 61 

101 04 

914 44 

54 27 

735 65 

1577 18 

1616 71 

3356 45 

243 48 

753 60 

377 99 

193 31 

2842 42 

1565 31 

1014 17 

1144 91 

2504 97 

86 22 

144 39 

1647 33 

1331 70 

1229 56 

600 86 

233 68 

613 59 

23 12 

10 00 

Amt. by 

5 5 25 
222 15 
533 67 

22 30 
1061 95 

159 87 

373 37 

469 85 

421 35 

390 78 

1246 70 

53 60 

168 53 

1082 30 

244 15 

129 20 

367 35 

14 75 

25 65 

79 25 

163 26 

76 55 

82 00 

339 58 

53 55 

465 45 

167 53 

178 05 

230 66 

234 43 

106 30 

195 43 

8 90 

550 24 

238 86 

35 75 

514 67 

317 62 

222 60 

174 55 

574 20 

313 72 

233 82 

4 00 

28 10 

82 83 

23 65 

Total Per 
Amount. Capita. 

43 57 
266 71 

7 97 

984 91 

2709 82 

117 61 

3539 61 

2079 35 

3636 33 

3850 89 

1631 41 

2553 04 

2848 08 

652 34 

1313 46 

1533 56 

391 42 

1628 80 

1444 05 

623 01 

52 96 

626 03 

495 21 

509 16 

183 04 

1254 02 

107 82 

1201 10 

1744 71 

1794 76 

3587 11 

477 91 

859 90 

573 42 

202 21 

3392 66 

1804 17 

1049 92 

1659 58 

2822 59 

308 82 

318 94 

2221 53 

1645 42 

1463 38 

604 86 

261 78 

696 42 

46 77 

10 00 

43 57 
266 71 

8 7 


666 $51143 82 $12688 32 $63832 14 $0 68 


The Missionary Visitor 




" For I am persuaded that He is able to 
keep that which I have committed unto 
Him against that day." 

HE has never failed to keep a trust 
committed unto Him, and He 
will keep our lips for His service 
if we but become willing. We are 
not our own. hence our all belongs 
to Him and to His service. Some one 
once prayed, " Lord., take my lips and 
speak through them ; take my mind and 
think through it; take my heart and set 
it on fire." If our thoughts are filled 
with Christed things, the utterances of 
our lips can be but praise and adoration 
to His name. YVe who have accepted 
salvation in our own lives are the ones 
called to be His messengers to take the 
Good News to those who know Him not, 
and the more we learn at the feet of 
Tesus, the more we have to give to 
those who know Him not. 

Oh ! that we may trustingly and 
prayerfully speak with lips ever kept 
for His sen-ice ! 

" Let the words of my mouth, and the 
meditation of my heart, be acceptable 
in Thy sight, O Lord, my Strength and 
my Redeemer." 

Juniata College Student Volun- 
teer Band. 

Kathryn B. Garner. 

WE regret that so many months 
have passed since any word 
from the Blue Ridge College 
Volunteers has been sent to the Visi- 
tor. However, we are very glad to re- 
port now that we have an organized 
A T olunteer Band. It is our conviction 
that this has been accomplished in an- 
swer to prayer. 

About the middle of March eight 
persons who had signed the declaration 

cards met and formed an organization 
During the remainder of the school veai 
they, with any others who may be in- 
terested, will meet biweekly in consecra- 
tion meetings. 

Some of our number, perhaps most 
of them, have been made willing to ded 
icate their lives more fully to the Mas 
ter's service through the vision received 
in our Mission Study Class. The en- 
rollment for this school year has been 
nearly thirty. The class meets each 
Sunday at 8 A. M. The study of the 
book, " Christian Heroism in Heathen 
Lands," has been completed. After 
having a review the examination will 
be taken. 

March 21, at the mission study hour. 
we had the privilege of listening to a 
very interesting address from Bro. H. 
C. Early. He gave us a vivid picture of 
some of the things he saw on the field. 

Missionary programs have been ar- 
ranged and will be given in the adjoin- 
ing churches. 

March 28 a program was given here 
in the college chapel. It was well at- 
tended and much appreciated. In this 
way we hope to create a deeper interest 
in missions. Offerings are to be taken 
at all these services. 

On several occasions some of our 
number have gone into homes of " shut- 
ins " and held a service of song and 

New Windsor, Md. 

Wm. J. Tinkle. 

IT has been said that the man with 
no present is a visionary ; the man 
with no future is a drudge. There 
is to be apprehended some danger from 
the first, but it seems to me there is 
much more danger from the latter. 
Too often we can not see beyond our 
present surroundings and limitations 


The Missionary Visitor 


to the noble achievements which may 
be ours if we but do our best. 

Joel, in the second chapter, twenty- 
eighth verse, says, "Your old men 
shall dream dreams, your young men 
shall see visions." It is natural for 
old men to muse and dream of their 
deeds in the past ; for young people to 
look into the future and see great 
things to be accomplished in their 
more mature years. So may we, as 
young people, as volunteers, catch a 
vision of the needs of the field, the no- 
bility of service, and the good which 
we may be able to do for the Master. 
The young farmer has a vision of 
an improved farm, a modern, comfort- 
able home, and a large bank account. 
The scholar sees new fields of truth 
ahead, which he will have the joy of 
exploring. The statesman has a vision 
of the honor which will be his for serv- 
ice to his country. But, fellow-volun- 
teers, ours is a vision far higher and 
nobler than these. It is a vision of 
service prompted by love. Love is 
more worthy than prosperity; greater 
than knowledge; more to be desired 
than honor ; in short, love is the great- 
est thing in the world. 

Did you ever, on a dark night, set 
out toward a distant light? You made 
good progress until you could no lon- 
ger see the light. Then you found that 
the way was rough, brambles sur- 
rounded you, and you were in dark- 

So it is with the volunteer. The dif- 
ficulties of preparation are easily con- 
quered as long as he keeps before him 
his glorious vision of service. But 
when something comes between him 
and his vision, whether it be selfish 
ambition, or worldliness, or carnal as- 
sociates, the way becomes difficult and 
he turns back. 

May God help us to see clearly and 
follow our vision of service. 
North Manchester, Ind. 


M. M. Myers. 

A PERSONAL experience of Dr. 
Horton, of London, given by 
him in an address delivered be- 
fore the Student Volunteer Convention 
at Kansas City. Jan., 1914. Dr. Horton 
has charge of one of the largest church- 
es in London. I judge him to be well 
up in the seventies, having rich, personal 
Christian experience. He says : 

Ten years ago I wrote a little book- 
called " The Open Secret," a manual of 
devotion, and I left in it flyleaves at the 
end of each day's prayer, to fill in with 
the names of those for whom I wished 
to pray, or the objects — public or mis- 
sionary objects— I wished to remember 
constantly before God. Ten years have 
gone. I take up that little book. I never 
read a word of the printed matter; the 
time for that has passed away, but those 
written words are the most marvelous 
records and the most conclusive demon- 
stration that God answers prayer. Name 
after name upon those pages, for whom 
I pleaded, that they might be brought to 
God, I have had to tick off with the 
word " Answered " written after them. 
Many things that seemed almost impos- 
sible to come to pass, but that had been 
brought to God week after week, I had 
to mark " Answered." No one could 
shake me in the conviction that that 
daily prayer, brought before God, re- 
membering before Him the persons 
whom I desired to help or to bless, or 
to those matters I desired to further, 
produced the answer; for the cause and 
effect are there. I recommend you all 
to begin, if you have not done it, with a 
prayer-list, and to intercede with those 
names before you. In ten years you will 
have a conviction, which no power on 
earth can shake, that the real thing in 
life is communion with God, and that 
the one way of doing anything is to ask 
Him to do it, and leave it with Him. 
Bridge-water Band. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Dr. Clifford of London tells of an En- 
glish college which was visited by a min- 
ister seeking volunteers for a mission field 
in India. He assured the young men that 
the work was not difficult, that they would 
live in a pleasant society, have good homes, 
and enjoy the services of plenty of servants. 
Nobody offered to go. But a little while 
later another mission worker came to the 
school seeking men to go out to the Kongo. 
The places that he wanted to fill were va- 
cancies left in the force by death, and the 
recruiting officer said bluntly to the stu- 
dents: "It will most likely mean death to 
3 r ou, too." Immediately six men offered 
themselves for service. — Selected. 


for earth has many a need. 

for prayer is vital deed. 

for God in heaven hears. 

for prayer will move the spheres. 

for praying leads to peace. 

for praying gives release. 

for prayer is never lost. 

for prayer well pays its cost. 

for prayer is always power. 

for every prayer's a flower. 

for prayer the Savior finds. 

for prayer creation binds. 

for every prayer is gold. 

for prayer is joy untold. 

for praying frees from care. 

for Jesus joins your prayer. 

— Amos R. Wells. 


(Missionary Review of the World.) 

Twenty? Archbishop Temple, when 
Bishop of London, asked the clergy of his 
diocese to preach twenty each year. 

Twelve? Some of the leading mission- 
ary secretaries, after a careful study of the 
churches, recommended twelve. 

Five? A study of twenty-five churches 
which have yielded large results for mis- 
sions showed that their pastors averaged 
five foreign missionary sermons each year. 

Four? John R. Mott gives four sermons 
on world-wide missions as the minimum for 
each year. 

One? Some pastors say so, the time and 
occasion being the annual collection for 

What say you? 


A-ll things come of Thee, and of Thine 
own have we given Thee. — 1 Chron. 29: 14. 

B-ring ye all the tithes into the store- 
house that there may be meat in My house, 
and prove Me now herewith, saith the Lord 
of Hosts, if I will not open you the windows 
of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that 
there shall not be room enough to receive 
it.— Mai. 3: 10. 

C-harge them that are rich in this world 
. . . that they do good, that they be 
rich in good works, ready to distribute, will- 
ing to communicate. — 1 Tim. 6: 17, 18. 

D-o good unto all men. — Gal. 6: 10. 

E-very man according as he purposeth in 
his heart, so let him give, not grudgingly 
or of necessity. — 2 Cor. 9: 7. 

F-reely ye have received, freely give. — 
Matt. 10: 8. 

G-od loveth a cheerful giver. — 2 Cor. 9: 

H-onor the Lord with thy substance, and 
with the first fruits of all thine increase; 
so shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and 
th3 r presses shall burst with new wine. — 
Prov. 3: 9, 10. 

I- will not offer unto the Lord my God 
of that which doth cost me nothing. — 2 
Sam. 24: 24. 

J-esus said. It is more blessed to give 
than to receive. — Acts 20: 35. 

K-nowing that whatsoever good thing 
any man doeth, the same shall he receive of 
the Lord, whether he be bond or free. — 
Eph. 6: 8. 

L-ay up for vourselves treasures in heav- 
en.— Matt. 6: 20. 

M-y little children, let us not love in 
word, neither in tongue, but in deed and 
in truth.— 1 John 3: 18. 

N-ow concerning the collection for the 
saints, . . . upon the first day of the 
week let every one of you lay by him in 
store, as God hath prospered him. — 1 Cor. 
16: 1, 2. 

O-f all that thou shalt give me. I will 
surely give the tenth unto thee. — Gen. 28: 

P-rovide yourselves bags which wax not 
old, a treasure in the heavens which faileth 
not, where no thief aooroacheth, neither 
moth corrupteth. — Luke 12: 33. 

Q-uench not the Spirit. — 1 Thess. 5: 19. 

R-ender unto God the things that are 
God's.— Matt. 22: 21. 

S-ee that ve abound in this grace also. — 
2 Cor. 8: 7. ' 

T-he silver is Mine and the gold is Mine, 
saith the Lord of Hosts. — Hag. 2: 8. 

U-nto whomsoever much is given, of him 
shall be much required. — Luke 12: 48. 

V-ow and pay unto the Lord. 

W-hoso hath this world's goods, and seeth 


The Missionary Visitor 


his brother have need, and shutteth up his 
bowels of compassion from him, how dwell- 
eth the love of God in him? — 1 John 3: 17. 

Y-e know the grace of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, that though He was rich, yet for 
our sakes He became poor, that ye through 
His poverty might be rich. — 2 Cor. 8: 9. 

Z-ealous of good works. — Titus 2: 14. 
— Friends' Missionary Advocate. 


The members of a negro church in Ja- 
maica resolved to give money for the sup- 
port of a native evangelist, who would 
preach the Gospel to their yet unsaved 
brethren. They elected a treasurer and ap- 
pointed a day for receiving the money. 
When all were present the treasurer, an 
aged man, proposed three principles which 
were unanimously accepted: 

All will give something. 

Each will give as much as he or she is 

Each will give cheerfully. 

After several had brought forward their 
gifts, an old negro, who was known to be 
rich, stepped up and laid $2 on the table. 
The treasurer returned it and said, " Dis 
gif may be accordin' to de fust prirtc'ple, 
but, brudder, it is not accordin' to de sec- 
ond." The negro took back his money and 
went to his seat. After a moment he re- 
turned and threw down $20 on the table, as 
he remarked sullenly, " Hyar, maybe dat is 
enough." Quietly the old treasurer returned 
his money, and replied: "Brudder, dis may 
be accordin' to de first and second princ'- 
ples, but it am not accordin' to de third." 
Again the negro took his money, and, full 
of wrath, sat down in a corner of the 
church. After a time, however, he returned, 
and smilingly approaching the table, gently 
placed on it one hundred dollars with the 
words: "I give dis gif cheerfully in de 
name of de Lord Jesus." Then the old 
treasurer jumped up and taking both hands 
of the negro, cried out: "Dis is all right, 
brudder, it agrees with all three princ'- 

Would it not be well if each of us would 
consider these three principles in our giv- 


A steam-launch is drawn up alongside a 
quay in China. There is wire netting all 
over it to prevent people from jumping 
overboard. The wheelhouse has the pro- 
tect ; on of steel plates to guard the steers- 
man from the shots of pirates. The deck is 
already half filled. But what is the crowd 
on the bank doing? Two men have a pole 
across their shoulders, and from the middle 

of it hangs a pair of scales. What are they 
weighing? " Only a girl," says a bystander. 
Her head is bent down in shame— is she 
not being sold just like a pig? 

But resistance is useless. Her mother is 
selling her. _ " Fifty-five pounds," shouts the 
man weighing. "No — fifty-six," yells the 
mother. "All right— fifty-six pounds. Be 
quick — there's a lot more." " What will you 
give?" says the old woman. "Sixpence a 
pound."' "What? Only sixpence? Why, 
look, she's plump and eleven years old." 
" Sixpence," the man cries again. " But she 
has good clothes on, and bracelets all 
thrown in. Give sevenpence." " What's 
the good of bracelets and such trash to me? 
I only want her." So in the end 6j^d. a 
pound is paid, and the girl is sold as a slave 
— to worse than slavery. 

Thus the girls are sold when famine time 
comes, in order to buy food for the parents 
and boys. — Intelligencer, April. 


Uyeno Tsurukichi was born in Osaka 
forty-three years ago. His parents were 
poor and he received no education. When 
only eight years old he had learned to steal 
and gamble. At nine years of age he was 
a proficient pickpocket. By the time he was 
fifteen he had been in prison five or six 
times, and it was now his ambition to be- 
come a clever burglar. He stole a large 
sum of money and for a time lived in lux- 
ury, but was afterwards caught and sen- 
tenced to fifteen years' imprisonment. He 
was transferred to Hokkaido, where he 
heard a great deal of- the teaching of Je- 
sus Christ, but it had no effect upon him at 
the time. He was liberated with other pris- 
oners on the death of the dowager em- 
press and determined to be honest and lead 
a new life, but he soon committed another 
burglary and found himself in prison again 
for six years. Hearing: from a fellow-pris- 
oner that books on religion might be pur- 
chased, he bought a New Testament, and 
two days later an Old Testament. He 
could not read, so he at once set to work to 
learn. At the end of one year he had slow- 
lv and with great difficulty read through 
St. Matthew's Gospel. "Then." he says, 
"by the power of the Holy Ghost I ob- 
tained wisdom and faith. I was not led by 
any one, I was not taught by any one, but 
in three years by my own study I had read 
through the whole of the Bible." When 
released from prison he avoided his old 
companions and sought out a Christian 
teacher. From that time he earned an hon- 
est living as a jinricksha-man and attended 
church regularly. Last Whitsunday he was 
baptized and witnessed a good confession 
before all. — Gleaner, March. 1906. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Little Missionary 

Praises from the Ends of the Earth. Orphan Boys Singing- at Eulsar. 


Kathren Royer Holsopple. 

COME, children, it is time to go to 
the orphanage for the singing. 
This time it is to be Indian style, 
and I am sure you will enjoy it. Last 
Sunday it was as near our way as they 
could do it, because it was in the bunga- 
low. But tonight they are going to have 
it their own way, and we are just the 

" Here is the building. The boys 
sleep upstairs, but the meeting will be 
down in the big schoolroom. Come, we 
will go in. 

"Well, well! I didn't know they 
would surprise us like this. Isn't it 
pretty? They have decorated the room 
in our honor. They are very fond of 
flowers and like to decorate. These 
are our seats here behind these tables. 

" The boys are sitting in rings around 

the leader this time, and not in rows. 
They have only one light, and so gather 
around it. That is just the way they do 
out in the villages when they sing. See 
the boy there with the two drums. He 
uses his fingers instead of sticks. He 
rests the palm of his hand on the edge 
of the drum, and then brings his fingers 
down on the center. It does not sound 
very musical to us, but they like it. I 
don't know any English name for these 
other instruments. They are wooden 
frames with pieces of tin set in them. 
They take two in each hand, and by 
opening and closing their hands they 
make noise something like a tambourine. 
Those other things are the strangest of 
all — just two round pieces of brass, tied 
together with a heavy string about six 
inches long. Taking the string in the 
hand and twisting the hand back and 
forth the pieces of metal strike and thus 
make a clanging sound. 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Now they are ready to begin. One 
of the teachers is speaking. He said, 
' We have all come here to sing to the 
glory and praise of God.' Now see how 
they all get together, the ones with their 
instruments and the others singing and 
clapping. I am very fond of this song. 
It is all about the Sabbath Day and how 
to keep it holy. Now this one is a little 
more lively. See their heads go and 
their bodies swing. One would think 
that they would get dizzy. Oh, my! 
See that little fellow — how he claps and 
sings ! He certainly is enjoying himself. 
Yes, they all are. It is their way of ex- 
pressing the joy in their hearts, and it 
brings joy to mine to see them. 

" How much better this is than the 
songs and dances the non-Christian 
people sing! My! How fast they are 
going now ! They are getting warmed 
up, surely. Their songs can be sung to 
any time, for they have no written 
music. And it is just the way the lead- 
er wishes. 

" Well, this is another surprise. They 
are bringing us tea and little cakes. 
How nice of them ! I did not know they 
were going to do this. It means much 
to them, for they get only a few cents a 
month, besides their food and clothes, 
and they have done this all themselves. 
They are enjoying it, too, for they like 
very much to entertain us. 

" Now another song. This is a good 
one. It is mostly repeating the first 
line, ' Come all sinners, and receive sal- 
vation in Jesus.' They are all very fond 
of it. It will ring in your ears all night, 
I am afraid. Now they will have 
prayer, and then we will go. 

" Salaam, salaam. Thank you all so 
much for your songs, and tea and cakes. 
You have given us a lovely time. You 
must come to the bungalow again some 
evening to sing. Salaam to all." 

Now, what do you think of it all? 
Don't you think it worth while to work 
here and teach these boys and girls to 

sing and pray to Jesus? Yes, I am sure 
you all do, and although you must go 
now, for this is only a visit ; you will all 
come back again some day to live here 
and help us to teach other boys and girls 
these songs and prayers. Good-bye, and 
God bless you ! 

<£ St 


During my military service in India, in 
those stirring times of mutiny and murder, 
I had in my regiment a little bugler whom 
I had often noticed as too fragile and deli- 
cate for the life he had to lead; but he was 
born in the regiment, and we were bound 
to make the best of him. His father, as 
brave a man as ever lived, had been killed 
in action; then his mother drooped and died 
six months later. 

She was the daughter of a Scripture read- 
er, and a delicate, refined woman, who had 
brought up the boy strictly, according to 
her light. In spite of her religion, she was 
generally liked and respected, and the boy 
was her image; but as he liked going to 
prayer meeting with her better than join- 
ing in the horse play of the other boys, he 
was not popular, and suffered from many 
coarse taunts and mocking gibes. After his 
mother died — I heard all this afterwards — 
his life was made miserable by the scoffing 
sneers and ribald jokes of the men, whose 
butt he was. 

About two years later, when little Willie 
Holt was fourteen years old, the regiment 
was bivouacking some miles from camp for 
rifle practice. I had intended leaving the 
lad behind, thinking him too delicate for 
such work — the ground was swampy and 
unhealthy — but my sergeant-major begged 
hard " to take him along." 

" There is mischief in the air, Colonel," 
he said; "and rough as they treat the lad — 
and they do lead him a life — his pluck and 
his patience tells on 'em; for the boy is a 
saint, sir; he is, indeed." 

I had a rough lot of recruits just then, 
and before we had been out a fortnight sev- 
eral acts of insubordination had been brought 
to my notice — those were ticklish times — 
and I had sworn to make an example of 
the very next offence by having the culprit 

One morning it was reported to me that 
during the night the targets had been 
thrown down and otherwise mutilated, and 
the usual practice could not take place. This 
was serious, indeed, and on investigation 
the rascally act was traced to a man or men 
in the very tent where Willie Holt was 
billeted — two of them being the worst char- 
acters in the regiment. When enough evi- 
dence was produced to prove conclusively 
that one or more of the prisoners were 


The Missionary Visitor 


guilty of the crime, the whole lot were in- 
stantly put under arrest to be tried by 
court-martial. In vain they were appealed 
to to produce the man. At last I said: 

" We have all heard the evidence that 
proves the perpetrator of last night's das- 
tardly act to be one of the men before us." 
Then, turning to the prisoners, I added: 
" If any one of you who slept in No. 4 tent 
last night will come forward and take his 
punishment like a man, the rest will get off 
free; but if not, there remains no alterna- 
tive but to punish you all, each man in turn 
to receive ten strokes of the cat." 

For the space of a couple of minutes, 
dead silence followed; then, from the midst 
of the prisoners, where his slight form had 
been completely hidden, Willie Holt came 

"Colonel," said he, "you have passed 
your word that if any one of those who 
slept in No. 4 tent last night comes for- 
ward to take his punishment, the rest shall 
get off free. I am ready, sir; Dlease, may I 
take it now?" 

For a moment I was speechless, so utter- 
ly was I taken by surprise; then in a fury 
of anger and disgust, I turned upon the 
prisoners: "Is there no man among you 
worthy of the name? Are you all cowards 
enough to let this lad suffer for your sins? 
For that he is guiltless you know as well 
as I." But sullen and silent they stood, with 
never a word. 

Then I turned to the boy, whose plead- 
ing eyes were fixed on me, and never in all 
my life have I found myself so painfully 
situated. I knew my word must stand, and 
the lad knew it, too, as he repeated, " I am 
ready, sir." 

Sick at heart, I gave the order, and he 
was led away for punishment. Bravely he 
stood with bared back, as one. two, three 
strokes descended. At the fourth a faint 
moan escaped his white lips: but ere the 
fifth fell a hoarse cry burst from the crowd 
of prisoners who had been forced to wit- 
ness the scene, and with one bound Jim 
Sykes (the black sheep of the regiment) 
seized the cat. as with choking utterance he 
shouted: " Stop it. Colonel, stop it, and tie 
me tip instead. He never did it, but I did"; 
and with convulsed and anguished face he 
flung his arms round the boy. 

Fainting and almost speechless. Willie 
lifted his eyes to the man's face and smiled 
— such a smile! "No, Jim," he whispered. 
"you are safe now, the colonel's word will 
stand." Then his head feH forward — he had 

The next day. as I was making for the 
hospital tent where the boy lay, I met the 
doctor. '' How is the lad?" I asked. 

" Sinking. Colonel." he said quietly. 

"What!" I ejaculated, horrified and star- 
tled at the words. 

" Yes, the shock of yesterday was too 
much for his feeble strength. I have known 
for some time it was only a question of 

time," he added; "this affair has only has- 
tened matters." 

The dying lad lay propped up on the pil- 
lows; and at his side, half kneeling, half 
crouching, was Jim Sykes. The change in 
the boy's face startled me; it was deadly 
white, but his eyes were shining with a 
wonderful light, strangely sweet- The 
kneeling man lifted his head, and I saw the 
drops of sweat standing on his brow as he 
muttered brokenly: "Why did ye do it, 
lad? Why did ye do it?" 

"Because I wanted to take it for you, 
Jim," Willie's weak voice answered tender- 
ly. " I thought it might help you to under- 
stand why Christ died for you." 

"Christ died for me?" the man repeated. 

" Yes, He died for j-ou because He loved 
you. I love you, Jim, but Christ loves you 
much more. I only suffered for one sin, 
but Christ took the punishment for all the 
sins you have ever committed. The pen- 
alty was death, Jim, and Christ died for 

" Christ has naught to do with such as 
me, lad; I'm one of the bad 'uns; you ought 
to know." 

" But He died to save bad ones," answered 
Willie. " He says, ' I came not to call the 
righteous, but sinners.' ' Though your sins 
be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; 
though they be red like crimson, they shall 
be as wool.' Dear Jim, listen! He is call- 
ing you. He has poured out His life-blood 
for you. He is knocking at the door of 
your heart. Won't } r ou let Him in?" 

The lad's voice failed him, but he laid his 
hand gently on the man's bowed head. 

Standing there in the shadow, I felt my 
own heart strangely stirred. I had heard 
such things once, long, long ago. Thoughts 
of my loved mother came floating back out 
of the dead past, and the words seemed a 
faint echo of her own. 

How long I stayed there I know not. I 
was roused by a cry from the man, and I 
saw Willie had fallen back on his pillow, 
fainting. I thought the lad was gone, but 
a few drops of cordial from the table at his 
side soon revived him. He ooened his_eyes, 
but they were dim and sightless. " Sing to 
me, mother." he whispered, " ' The Gates of 
Pearl': I am so tired." 

The words flashed back to my memory. 
I had heard them often in the shadowy past, 
and I rrn^self repeated them softly to the 
dying boy: 

" ' Though the day be never so long. 
It rin.sreth at length to evensong. 
And the weary worker goes to his rest 
With words of peace and pardon blest. 

" ' Though the path be never so steep. 
And rough to walk on and hard to keep. 
It will lead, when the weary road is trod, 
To the Gates of Pearl — the City of God.'" 

— Kingdom Tidinars. 


The Missionary Visitor 




The $50 credited to Jos. J. Fike, Milledge- 
ville, Northern Illinois, World-wide fund, has 
been transferred to World-wide Endowment. 

During- the month of March the General 
Mission Board sent out 176,032 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following do- 
nations during the month of March: 

In cli a n a — $281 .85. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Nappanee $ 52 65 


W. H. Weybright, Bethany, $100; 
Daniel Wysong, Nappanee (marriage 
notices), $1; J. W. Kitson, Goshen 
City (marriage notice), 50 cents; M. 
I. Whitmer, S. Bend (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 102 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Loon Creek, $25; Sugar Grove- 
Prairie Creek, $9.09 34 09 


Burnetts Creek, $10.07; Loon Creek, 

$5, 15 07 


Chas. R. Oberlin, $5; E. C. Cox, 
Markle, $1, C. C. Kindy, Huntington, 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 6 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pyrmont, 10 00 

Missionary Society. 

Rossville, 5 33 


Juvenile, Antioch, Killbuck, 5 21 


A brother, Rossville, 51 03 

Ohio — $259.26. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Lick Creek, 8 00 


S. P. Early, Fostoria (marriage no- 
tice) 50 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Danville, North Bend, 35 26 

Sunday-school and 1 Christian Work- 
ers, Canton Center, 22 97 


Geo. H. -tfrvin. $50.80; Mrs. W. H. 
Doerschuk, $5; Mrs. Hannah Leeser, 

Akron, $1, 56 80 

Southern District, Congregation^. 

Oakland, $27.02; Poplar Grove, 
$21.41;' Middle District, $20.83; New 
Carlisle, $15.11; Salem, $14.35; Brook- 
ville, $7.18; Donnels Creek, $6.53; 
East Dayton, $4, 116 43 

Pupils of West Branch Sunday- 
school 1 00 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

Pension Check, 180 


A Brother, Lower Miami, $5; A 
Brother, Lower Miami, $5; A Sister, 
Lower Miami, $5; John Noffsinger, 
Dayton, $1; J. H. Eidemiller, New 
Carlisle (marriage notice), 50 cents, 16 50 

Illinois — $248.04. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Cherry Grove 12 97 


Lanark, 24 47 

Christian Workers. ' 

Pine Creek 9 10 


J. D. Lahman, Franklin Grove, 
$200; Geo. Puterbaugh, Lanark. $1; 
Eld. E. B. Hoff (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 201 50 

Pennsylvania— ^144.69. 
Western District, Congregation. 

Elk Lick, $ 


An Individual of Manor, $20; A 
Brother and Sister, $10; Susan Rouz- 
er, Dunnings Creek, $6; Lewis Swain, 
$3; J. W. Rummel, $2; Irvin R. 
Fletcher (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
M. J. Brougher (marriage notice), 
50 cents; A. J. Beeghly (marriage 

notice), 50 cents, 

Middle District. 

Levi Rogers (marriage notice), . . 
Eastern District, Congregations. 

Chiques, $42.69; Little Swatara, 



Mabel Arbegast, Philadelphia, . . . 
Southern District, Individual. 

D. B. Hostetler, 

Virginia — $135.80. 

First District, Individuals. 

Jno. W. Lavman, $50; T. S. Moher- 
man, $1.80; A. M. Scaggs, $1; A. M. 

Frants, West Virginia, $1, 

Second District. 

A. J. Miller, Bridgewater 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Samuel Garber, $3; P. S. Thomas, 

$1.50; Sallie M. Kline, $1, 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Nokesville, $22.77; Manassas, 
$14.90; Trevilian, $9.25; Fairfax, 
$7.37; Midland, $4.01; Belmont, $2; 

Bethel, $1.42; Mine Run, $1.28, 

Aid Society. 



D. S. Roller, $2; E. L. Myers, $1; 
Sallie M. Miller, $1; Mary Showalter, 
$1; F. H. Cline, $1; R. F. Shaffer. 5 3 
cents; G. A. Maupin, 50 cents; Mrs. 
I. C. Cubbege, 25 cents; Geo. Shaffer, 

25 cents, 

California — $53.65. 

Northern District, Congregation. 


Missouri— $40.66. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 


Middle District. 

Spring Branch 


David Holsopple, Prairie View, 
$10; Mrs. A. W. Shay, Mound, $5, .. 
Iowa — $30.00. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

Susanna Burd, Grundy Center, $5; 
W. A. Blough, $3; Nettie Kanost, 
Sheldon, $1; Mrs. Norman Miller, 5 


Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. W. H. Barrett 

Southern District, Congregation. 

English River 


Elizabeth Gable 

Nebraska — $27.38. 

D. E. Price, $25; Sarah McFerren, 
53 cents; S. B. Semon, 85 cents; Alma 

Steele, $1, 

Maryland — $22.10. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Ruth E. Otto (marriage notice), 
Eastern District, Congregations. 

Woodberry, $12; Denton, $8, 


Wm. H. Swam. $1.60; A. Chambers, 
Washington, D. C. (marriage notice), 
50 cents 

16 00 










53 80 

1 00 

5 50 

63 00 

5 00 

7 50 

53 65 

19 66 

6 00 

15 00 

9 50 

1 00 
9 00 

13 00 

27 38 


20 00 

2 10 


The Missionary Visitor 


Canada — $1 0. 80. 

Western, Individuals. 

Pearl Huffman, Fairview, $3.50; 
Adrain Huffman, Fairview, $2.50; 
Albert Huffman, Fairview, $3.50; 
Cora M. Leindgren, $1.30, $ 10 80 

Kansas — $9.27. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Katie Whetstone, $1; J. H Wind- 
er, $1; A. J. Wertenbaker, Maple 
Grove (marriage notice), 50 cents; E. 
H. Steward, Belleville (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents 3 00 

Northeastern District, Missionary 

Society, Ottawa, 107 


J. H. Cakerice, Abilene (marriage 
notices), $1; Roy Kistner, Sabetha 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 1 50 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Laura E. Folger, $1.20; Michael 
Keller, Larned (marriage notices), 

$1 2 20 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

W. B. Worford, Verdigris, $1; S. 
E. Lantz, Verdigris v (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 1 50 

"Wisconsin — $5.00. 

Jacob Winkler 5 00 

Michigan — $3.62. 

Thornapple, 2 12 


Chas. Hornish. Beaverton, $1; Roy 
S. Mishler, Beaverton (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 1 5'3 

South Carolina — $3.00. 

J. I. Branscom 3 00 

Minnesota — $3.00. 


Mrs. Jonathan Broadwater, 3 00 

Colorado — $2.50. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Eld. D. M. Mohler 2 00 

Southeastern District. Individual. 

David Hamm. Rocky Ford (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents, . .^ 50 

North Dakota* — $2.00. 

Mrs. Emma Uecker, $1; Ella Z. 

Row. $1 2 00 

Kentucky — $1.50. 

M. E. Ralston, 150 

Louisiana — $1.20. 

W. B. Woodard, 1 20 

Arizona — $0.50. 

F. F. Durr (marriage notice), .... 50 

Total for the month $ 1,285 S2 

California — $200.00. 
Southern District, Congregation and 


Pomona-, $ 200 00 

Ohio — $19.15. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Reading, $6.25; West Nimishillen, 

$5.60 11 85 

Sunday-school Class. 

North Bend, Danville 5 30 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket 1 30 


A Sister 1 no 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, ... 500 
Indiana — $5.00. 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Pyrmont 5 00 

Total for the month $ 229 15 

Indiana — $75.00. 

Northern District, Class. 

No. 3, Cedar Lake $ 5 00 


S. L. Driver and wife, $65; Mrs. 

M. D. Detweiler, Goshen, $5 70 00 

Pennsylvania — $56.05. 
Western District, Individuals. 

D. G. Miller, Middle Creek, 20 00 

Middle District. Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone 10 00 

Eastern District. 

Class of Anna C. Mover, Lansdale, 5 05 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Carlisle 16 00 


Trostle P. Dick, Antietam, 5 00 

Ohio — $40.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Upper Stillwater, 20 00 


A Brother and Sister, 20 00 

Kansas — $36.45. 

Northwestern District, Classes. 

Bible, Nos. 2 and 3', Maple Grove, 4 45 

Northeastern District, Christian 

Workers. Morrill, 32 00 

Illinois — $21.00. 

Northern District, Christian "Workers. 

Sterling, 20 00 


Essie Stoner, Chicago 1 00 

Nebraska — S20.CO. 

Octavia 2D 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, . . 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 253 50 

Iowa — $10.00, 
Northern District, Individual. 

W. A. Brallier $ 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, . . 5 00 

Maryland — $5.00. 
Eastern District. Sundav-school. 

Blue Ridge College, 5 00 

Illinois — Sl.OO. 

Northern District. Individual. 

Essie Stoner, Chicago, 100 

Total for the month, $ 16 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 


Iowa — S3.00. 

Middle District. Class. 

Old Sisters, Panther Creek, ......$ 300 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 


Iowa — S30.00. 

Middle District. Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, Prairie City, $ 25 00 
Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, . . 5 00 

California — S12.25, 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Oak Grove 6 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pasadena Elementary, 6 25 

Pennsylvania — S8.00. 
Eastern District. 

Lansdale Class of Girls, Hat- 
field 5 00 


Mattie O. "Weaver, Fairview 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 25 


The Missionary Visitor 



Illinois— $102.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Lahman, Franklin Grove 
$100; Individuals of Franklin Grove 



Southern District, Congregation. 


Iowa— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, 
Wisconsin— $3.00. 

Mrs. Mary Hints, 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister 

Total for the month, 


Ohio — $31.00. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 


Southern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister 

Maryland — $22.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 


California — $22.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Glendora Primary 

Illinois — $20.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Hickory Grove 

Iowa- — $15.00. 

Southern District, Class. 

Young People's, Libertyville, . . 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, 
Oregon— $5.00. 

Myrtle Point 

Total for the month 

Iowa — $53.85. 

Northern District, Individual. 

W. A. Brallier ! 

Middle District. Sunday-school. 

Panther Creek, 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, . . 
Virginia — $25.00, 
Northern District, Classes. 

No. 4, Greenmount, $5; No. 5, 
Greenmount. $5; No. 6, Greenmount, 

$5; No. 7, Greenmount, $5, 

Aid Society. 


Ohio — $20.7O. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Hickory Grove 


Sara Bisrler 

Illinois — $18.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Ira Butterbaugh, Polo, $2; Essie 

Stoner, Chicago, $1 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Macoupin Creek, 

Maryland — $15.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Broadfording, Welsh Run 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Blue Ri^ere College, 

Indiana — $12.75. 

Northern District, Christian Workers 


Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Loon Creek 

Pennsylvania— -$6.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Susan Rouzer. Dunnings Creek, . . 
Minnesota, — $5.00. 

Ross, Gladys, Mary, Ella and Ves- 


102 00 

5 00 

5 00 
3 00 

1 00 

$ 116 00 

.$ 11 
















$ 115 no 

$ 5 00 

43 85 

5 00 





















6 00 

per Pizner, Big Lake, $ 5 00 

Calif ornia— $1 .00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Lizzie Pugh, Santa Ana 1 00 

Total for the month $ 157 30 


Ohio — $10.00. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Baker, $ 8 10 

Southern District. 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 

Basket 1 90 

North Dakota — $5.00. 

York, Pleasant Valley 5 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, . . 5 00 

Illinois— $0.50. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Essie Stoner, Chicago 50 

Total for the month $ 20 50 


Pennsylvania — $15.00. 

Southeastern District. Aid Societies. 

Germantown, $5; Green Tree, $5; 

Upper Dublin, $5 $ 15 00 

Ohio — $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society, Rush 

Creek 5 00 

North Dakota — $5.00. 

York, Pleasant Valley, 5 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, South Keokuk, . . 5 00 

Illinois— $t>.50. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Essie Stoner, Chicago 50 

Total for the month, $ 30 50 


Pennsylvania — $1 .50. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Martha F. Hollinger, $ 150 

Total for the month $ 15 3 


Illinois — $106.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Brother and Sister J. D. and M. 
C. Lahman, Franklin Grove, $100; 

R. V. Hoyle, Dixon, $1 $ 101 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

John Arnold and wife, 5 00 

Ohio — $18.O0. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. S. D. Baker 1 00 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. W. H. Doerschuk 5 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

N. D. Groff, $5; A Sister, $5; A 

Sister. S2 12 no 

Pennsylvania — $14.50. 
Western District. Individuals. 

Brother and Sister W. E. Wolford, 
Ligonier, $5; Mr. and Mrs. Elmer 

Walker, $2 7 nn 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Susan S. Reber 1 nn 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Mechanicsburg, 3 00 


Martha F. Hollinger, $1.50; Cather- 
ine Garland, $2, 3 50 

Maryland — $11.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Sister A. L. Ausherman, $2; Sister 
Geo. V. Arnold, $5; Two Sisters, 

Broadfording, $2, 9 00 

Eastern District. Individual. 

Lavinia C. Roop, 2 00 

Kansas — $11.00. 

Southwestern District, Aid Society. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Larned $ 10 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Susan Cochran, 1 00 

Florida— $5.25. 

F. A. Miller and wife, $5; Master 

Virgil Miller, 25 cents, 5 25 

Canada — $5.10. 

Western District, Individuals. 

Brother and Sister J. S. Culp and 

family, 5 10 

Virginia — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

D. H. Hoover, $2; Wm. J. Goche- 

nour, $1, 3' 00 

Second District, Individual, 

Bettie A. Andes, Bridgewater 100 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Mary F. Forester, Fairfax, 1 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

G. W. Beer, $2; Two Sisters, En- 
glish River, $2, 4 00 

Middle District. 

Unknown 100 

Indiana — $3.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

North Manchester, 2 00 


A Sister, Manchester, 1 00 

California — $2.40. 
Southern District. 

Individuals of W. I. T. Hoover's 

class, Lordsburg, 2 40 

Connecticut — $1.00. 

Laura Gwin, 1 uu 

Tennessee — $1.00. 

Individual. < 

Rachel Gross 1 00 

Minnesota — $1.00. 

Individual. 4 nn 

Mrs. Jonathan Broadwater 1 00 

Missouri — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Nannie A. Harmon 1 00 

Total for the month, . . . .$ 190 25 


Illinois — $16.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school and 


Shannon $ lb ou 

Ohio — $14.86. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Eagle Creek 14 8b 

Maryland — $12.62. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Edgewood 12 bi 

North Dakota — $5.00. 

Tork, Pleasant Valley, 5 JO 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Arthur Rosenberg, Nappanee, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 53 48 


Washington — $37.00. 

Individuals. . 

John O. Streeter, $5; Cora Cnpt, 
$1; Nettie J. Miller, $1.50; A. N. Huff- 
man, $5; E. C. Weimer, $6; S. H Mil- 
ler, $2; A. H. Partch, $1; S. A. Shack- 
ley, $3; P. J. Quesinberey, $2; Mr. 
and Mrs. S. R. Roney, $2; S. D. Fread, 
$2.50: Harrison Keller, $1; R: R. Mil- 
ler, $5, •$ 37 °° 

Total for the month $ 37 00 


Texas — $2.10. 

Individual. - 

Mrs. Mary E. Spangle, .$ * lu 

Total for the month % 2 10 


Ohio — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister $ 

Total for the month, $ 


Montana — $0.25. 


Ethan and Edith Myers, $ 

Total for the month $ 


1 00 

1 00 





Nora M. Shively. 

ITHING is the secret of Christian 
enjoyment. It involves love, self- 
denial, and sacrifice. It enlarges 
our hearts and souls, broadens our sym- 
pathies, and develops our noblest and 
best ideals. 

We enjoy the greatest blessing when 
our hearts are full to overflowing with 
that love and mercy which will prompt 
us to deny ourselves for the sake of the 
needy. God made a far greater sacri- 
fice when He gave His only Son, that 
we might live. He has always been 
our great Benefactor, and when we 
give in love and sympathy we share in 
that divine beneficence, thus becoming 
more like our Master. 

The source of our prosperity is the 
love of God; therefore, the systematic 
payment of the holy tithe is an expres- 
sion of our debt to Him and our free- 
will offerings an expression of our grati- 

Our happiness is twofold: first, when 
we realize that our offerings are making 
other hearts glad ; and again, to know, 
when we give to the least on earth, we 
give to Him. 

Christian friends, let us give more 
frequently, honestly, thankfully, cheer- 
fully, and give all we can out of a heart 
of love. God will bless both the gift and 

Bourbon, Ind. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 


D. I* MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advisory Member 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, Hi. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. C. EARLY, Chairman. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Vice-Chairman. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary and Editor the Missionary Visitor. 



Wine, A. F Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malm6, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna M Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M. Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansd, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Peking Language School, Peking, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

.Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist, India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Diet,, India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 358 No. 74th St., Seattle, Wash. 

Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Q. A., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, . . Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effie V., Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Miller, Eliza B Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara N., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Royer, B. Mary, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Widdowson, Olive Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R, R., India 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

How Much ? Q p er Cent! 


On Funds Deposited with the General Mission Board 

" I WILL INVESTIGATE." So says our clear-headed financier who is 
seeking for a place to invest his money, so that it may bring forth the greatest 
returns for the investment made, at the same time combining promptness of 
dividends, safety of principal, and assurance of permanent investment. 

. The WISE BUSINESS MAN cares for all these things, for he knows 
that the time will come when it will not be so easy for him to make money, 
and he desires OLD AGE TO BE FULL OF JOYS for himself. 

The WISE CHRISTIAN MAN looks for even more than this in his 
investments. He seeks for a place that will be safe for his funds and at the 
same time a place wherein his money will be doing good for his Lord. 


The following letter, in part, written some time ago to one of our sisters 
who had some funds to invest, will explain some of the advantages, of our 
annuity plan (and the sister invested the funds) : 

" Now, Sister , the advantages which are foremost in 

the annuity plan are these: 

" 1. Money placed with us bears no taxes. Since you are 45 
years of age we will pay you five per cent on any amount that you 
turn in to us. This five per cent will be clear to you. (If the sis- 
ter had been past 50 years of age we would have allowed her six 
per cent. The General Mission Board so decided at their meeting 
of April 9, 1913.) 

" 2. The money is placed exactly where you wish it to go, and 
long after you are gone it will still go on bearing interest and do- 
ing good for the Master. You will thus become your own executor. 

"3. There is no worry about the investment. The interest 
comes to you regularly on the first days of January and July of 
each year. We have never been late in sending out our annuities 
from the office and to our knowledge do not have a dissatisfied 
annuitant. The Board's permanent resources of over $800,000 are 
behind the investment of your money. 

" 4. You can figure definitely on the amount of interest money 
you will receive and can depend on the date when it will arrive. 

"After reading the above and carefully considering the matter, 
if you at any time wish to place money with us please write and 
tell us the amount you wish to give (also the exact age should be 
given), and when you can send the amount and we will issue you 
our annuity bonds. We will send them to you and if, after careful 
investigation, you do not like them, return to us and no harm is 
done. If you like them, sign them both, return to us the one so 
marked, along with your check and all will be correctly closed." 

The way to invest your money safely is easy. Just write to us. We will do the 

same for YOU as we have for this sister, if you desire. 

Are you interested ? Why not write to us ? 




Missionary Visitor 

Vol. XVII 

JUNE /. 1915 

No. 6 

to :■■ 



Photo bv W. 0. Be 

Brother F. H. Crumpacker baptizing a boy in China 

"Go ye therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father 
and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" 


The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in SACS donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and 
extra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they 
know will be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assist- 
ing the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, 
the Visitor will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be 
given. When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please 
order paper each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances 
payable to 

Brethren Publishing" House, Elgin, Illinois. 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for June, 1915 

Our Force of Missionaries, 3 

A Brief Survey, Finances, Helpers Together with God, Traveling Sec- 
retaries, Missionary Education, Brethren Publishing House, etc., 4 

Our Foreign Fields: 

Denmark, 12 

Sweden, 14 

China, 16 

Ping Ting Station (17), Liao Chou Station (23). 

India, 31 

A Foreword (31), Anklesvar (32), Bulsar (41), Dahanu (49), 
Ahwa (38), Jalalpor (52), Pimpalner (55), Yyara (55), Yali 
(60), Vada (68). 

Financial, the Various Funds, 72 

Gish Publishing Fund, ' 93 

(Sty? G^rtt?tl|# 
Htttutal Qtpaxt 

of the (general ilfeBtnn 
Inarft of the Qlfjurrl} of 
% Irrttjrett irxx X\\t 
par enfcmg Stebruarg 
2B, 1315-^g-a 

Published by 

Qeneral JXCission Board 
Elgin, III. 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren 

D. L. Miller, .Mt. Morris, 111. 

Life Advisory Member 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 


Galen B. Royer, Elgin, 111. 


H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Va. 


Charles D. Bonsack, New Windsor, Md. 

Otho Winger, North Manchester, Ind. 



President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Va. 

Vice-President, Charles D. Bonsack 
New Windsor, Md. 

Sec.-Treas., Galen B. Royer, Elgin, 111. 

Asst. Sec., J. H. B. Williams, Elgin, 111. 

Head Office, Elgin, Illinois. Regular meetings of 
the Board are held, unless otherwise temporarily de- 
cided, on the third Wednesday of April, August and 

Annual Report 


Below may be found a list of the missionaries, with their addresses, and time of 
entering the service, who are at present serving under the direction of the General 
Mission Board: 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R., 1913 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 

R R 1913 

Blough' AnnaZ.',' BuisaV," B- B. C. I. 

R. R., 1903 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. 

R., 1903 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, B. B. 

C. I. R R., 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., 1913 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, 

B. B. C. I. R. R., 1900 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, 

B. B. C. I. R R., 1900 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat 

Dist., 1902 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat 

Dist., 1904 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 91st & 10th 

Ave., N. E., Box 349, R D., Seattle, 

Wash., 1904 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 

91st and 10th Ave., N. E., Box 349, 

R. D., Seattle, Wash., 1904 

Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist., .. ..1912 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. C. 

I. R. R, 1908 

Holsopple, Q. A., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. 

R R., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Bulsar, B. B. C. 

I. R. R '..1911 

Kaylor, John I., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 

via Bilimora, 1911 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 

Bilimora, 1911 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R R., via Anklesvar, 1902 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, 1903 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., 1903 

Long, Erne V., Vyara, Surat Dist., ....1903 
Miller, Eliza B., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R R., via Anklesvar, 1900 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., ...1903 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., Bulsar^ 1915 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 

via Bilimora 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs 

Forest, via Bilimora, 1904 

Powell, Josephine, Bulsar, B. B. C. I. 

R R., 1906 

Royer, B. Mary, Vada, Thana Dist., ...1913 
Ross, A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R, ..1904 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. 

R R., 1904 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. 

R. 1894 

Stover, Mrs. W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. 

I. R. R., 1894 

Shumaker, Ida C., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R., 1910 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R 1908 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, 1913 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1911 
Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, ....1911 
Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1913 
Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1913 
Crumpacker, F. H., Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, 1908 

Crumpacker, Anna N., Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, ....... 1908 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, ....1911 
Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., Peking Language 

School, Peking, 1914 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, 1908 

Hutchison, Anna, Lia_o Chou, Shansi, ..1911 
Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, 1908 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, 1913 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi 1913 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Chou, 

Shansi, 1913 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1913 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1911 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1911 


Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aal- 
borg, 1913 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aal- 
borg, 1913 

4 Annual Report 


At this moment, as we present our report for the last fiscal year, we desire our 
readers to pause with us and thank our Heavenly Father for the abundant mercies that 
He has shown toward our Brotherhood: 

In His majesty and power for staying the hand of mortal conflict from coming nigh 

unto our beloved land; 
In the assurance that He gives that our every need shall be supplied; 
In His ceaseless providence in caring for the destinies of His children; 
In His shepherding care over the lives of His missionaries; 
In His protection of our missionary workers and missionary interests. 

Blessed be His Holy Name. 


Possibly no year since the beginning of the period of modern missions has opened 
under more favorable circumstances than that one which has recently closed. Battles 
for Christ had been fought and won; missionary heroes had gone to practically every 
land; rays of light from the Sun of Righteousness had penetrated hearts as black as 
night. We have been able to note, in some lands, not only men coming into the king- 
dom by twos and threes, but there have been mass movements towards Christianity. 
Native leaders of thought in Japan, in China, in India, in Turkey have learned that their 
greatest need at the present time is not so much commercial advancement as a change 
in the very foundations of their national life. This social unrest has developed a growing 
consciousness of the need of new spiritual forces in national life. This growing national 
feeling has reacted wonderfully in favor of Christianity, and in spite of the strenuous 
efforts of the leaders of heathen religions to revive their worship, the movement has 
been decidedly pro-Christian. 

As a consequence, men of vision and power in this world-wide campaign were busy 
in thought and activity, seeking to organize the Christian forces to cope with the 
tremendous problems confronting them. Plans were laid, budgets drawn, appeals 
sounded, and the work of missions was on in every land; the outlook seemed hopeful, 

But, like a mighty pestilence, or a deadly scourge, in the midst of all preparations 
for advancement, the god of war, in August, blew his fiery breath over almost all of 
Europe, and without warning, convulsed a great share of five continents in feverish 
preparation for war and bloodshed. 

Plans of all missionary societies have, therefore, been disarranged; many mission- 
aries have been called by home governments from Christ's missionary trenches to 
trenches of blood and fire in Europe. 

Our year closes with war raging and peace beyond the remotest possibility. Why 
is all this? Our Father in heaven alone knows. We can go forward in humiliation and 
sorrow, but rejoicing in the hope that He knoweth, and from it all will bring forth that 
which shall be more enduring and lasting than that which has been. 


At the very beginning of the year Brother and Sister H. B. Heisey, who went out 
to the India field, were compelled to return to America because of Bro. Heisey's 
health. They are no longer under the support and direction of the Board. Outside 
of the death of little Mary Bright, in China, mentioned elsewhere in this report, death 
has not entered the ranks of the workers. 

Bro. J. M. Blough, upon recommendation of our doctors in India, spent several 
months in the hills, recuperating, and the close of the year brings reassuring news 

Annual Report 5 

concerning his condition. It is hoped and expected that he may return shortly to his 
work. Sister Gertrude Emmert has been afflicted during a considerable portion of the 
year, but reports coming from India say that she is slowly recovering her strength. 
Others in each of our fields have experienced some sickness, but the year closes with 
good health among most of them. 

We are coming to the same position that other societies reached before us, in 
realizing that if we wish our missionaries to perform their best service, occasional 
vacations are necessary. The rigors of the foreign climate, the strenuous demands 
upon strength, and the lack of an adequate missionary force, combine to compel our 
missionaries to take occasional respites from their duties. And our field committees 
and Home Board realize, after surveying the entire situation, that an occasional rest 
from care is true missionary economy. 

We are glad to report that Brother and Sister E. H. Eby, who have been detained 
at home on prolonged furlough, because of Bro. Eby's health, hope to return to the 
field sometime this coming autumn. Bro. Eby has been under the care of an experi- 
enced physician, has made a heroic struggle to increase his vitality, and we are happy 
to know that he is succeeding. 

The year has seen Brother and Sister Raymond C. Flory go out to China and Dr. 
Barbara M. Nickey to India. These workers have been welcomed by those who are 
endeavoring to advance Christ's cause abroad. 

Our missionaries to India were compelled to postpone their sailings from early 
autumn until January of this year, because of unsettled conditions in Europe; but they 
have safely reached their field and are happy in the prospects for continued Service. 
It is expected that during this coming year Sisters Eliza B. Miller, Ida Himmelsbaugh, 
and Kathryn Ziegler will come home on furlough, hoping to reach America in time for 
the Hershey Conference. 

%tx fflL&m&vx'&tri 

Mary Bright. 
Born at Pei Tsi Ho, China, June 19, 1912. 
Died at Liao Chou, China, September 11, 1914. 


From a world standpoint finances have been very problematic during the entire 
year. Industrial uncertainty, closely followed by the depression brought on by the 
wars in Mexico and Europe, has thrown many out of employment. But this has not 
seriously affected our finances. On the farm is where our people live, and it is from the 
country that the larger portion of our contributions come. Farm products have brought 
a good price, and there was a large yield in almost all parts of the Brotherhood. As 
a consequence we are able to report a small increase in our receipts — an increase that 
is possibly nearly eight per cent over last year. According to our " Mirror and Re- 
flector," worked out for the year, our Brotherhood has given 68 cents per capita for 
mission work as compared to 66 cents per capita last year. 

The following summary of receipts and expenditures, gathered from the auditors' 
statement, which appears at the close of this report, will explain in brief form our 
financial condition. These figures will show just what moneys we received during the 
year, and just what was paid out. Neither loans nor balances are taken into considera- 
tion in making up this statement, 

6 Annual Report 

A Brief Statement of New Funds, Available for Missionary Work, and Comparison 

with Last Year. 

(Condensed from Financial Reports in June Visitors, 1914-1915.) 


1913-1914 1914-1915 Increase 

Donations to Board funds, reported in Visitor, $45,735 89 $46,091 25 $ 355 36 

Specials — Denver, Chicago Extension, Belgian Re- 
lief, etc., 7,677 28 1,262 35 6,414 93* 

Special supports, transmission, native workers, 

churches, hospitals, etc., 16,988 79 21,054 83 4,066 04 

Income endowment, earnings, Publishing House and 

bank account, 37,009 41 47,574 74 10,565 33 

Totals received for mission work, $107,411 37 $115,983 17 $ 8,571 80 

Endowment received, all funds, 42,920 25 125,594 50 82,674 25 

World-wide, District work, annuities, general ex- 
pense, publications, etc., $41,542 93 $51,620 09 $10,077 16 

India, 39,265 58 43,109 12 3,843 54 

China, 16,752 49 23,902 21 7,149 72 

Denmark and Sweden, 4,717 13 6,550 35 1,833 22 

Specials — Denver, Chicago Extension, Belgian Relief, 

etc., 3,996 23 1,756 42 2,239 81* 

Totals expended for mission work, $106,274 36 $126,938 19 $20,663 83 


It will be seen from this statement that, while our receipts increased more than 
$8,500 over the previous year, our expenditures increased more than $20,600. As a 
result of this additional expenditure, our year closes with a deficit of almost $2,000, and 
this in spite of the fact that last year ended with a balance of almost $7,600 in the 

This condition of affairs has not been unexpected by the Board, and it is for this 
reason, as much as, or more than any other, that the Board has been loath to consider 
entering new doors of mission lands. In fact, if we are to equip our fields, already 
established, as they should be equipped, and as their expansion will absolutely demand, 
it would look as though there must be a very marked increase of gifts, else we cannot 
expect to establish immediately many missions in lands yet unpenetrated by the Church 
of the Brethren. This matter of course is in the hands of our Heavenly Father and the 
Brotherhood, and the Board stands ready to advance as wisdom and the Holy Spirit 
may dictate. 

There has been and is a healthy tone to the financial side of our work. Almost 
all of our missionaries are assigned for special support; there are increasing numbers 
of calls for definite duties to be assigned; our orphans are practically all under sup- 
port; likewise our native workers and schools. Such activities not only care for our 
needs, but they link up with the field an increasing number of home organizations, 
whose prayers ascend continually to the Father. 

We believe that it would be missionary economy and of untold blessings if our 
congregations would adopt systematic weekly giving as a method of casting into the 
Lord's treasury. It is commanded by our blessed Bible, and is commended to our 
churches in the plan of giving as adopted at the 1911 Annual Conference. 

A special cause for gratification is the largely-increased amount of endowment 
funds that have come into our hands during the year. The amount, $125,594.50, is the 
largest in any year of our work. While several large sums have come in to swell the 
total, yet our annuity plan is very favorably considered by many of our people all 
over the Brotherhood. This is evidenced by the increased annuity paid each year, as 
the appended table will show: 

Annual Report 7 

Amounts Paid in Annuities, by Years. 

1897 $ 1,501.76 1906 $13,248.00 

1898 4,081.49 1907 15,073.63 

1899 4,889.61 1908 15,813.66 

1900 5,536.77 1909 15,802.93 

1901 7,111.92 1910 17,513.69 

1902 8,097.74 1911 19,255.82 

1903 10,204.24 1912 21,320.15 

1904 11,560.26 1913 23,621.71 

1905 12,871.08 1914 26,888.63 

Total, $234,393.09 


We are pleased to announce that all our workers in India and China are now as- 
signed for special support, and Sister Buckingham in Sweden, also. Only Brethren 
Wine's in Denmark and Graybill's in Sweden are yet open for assignment. We have 
received inquiries regarding their support. In assigning workers we endeavor always 
to give first preference to those who are knitted to the missionary through ties of home 
congregation, District, or kindred organization; but where these cannot assume the 
support, or do not feel to do so, we are always glad to assign them. 

While some are saying that we have almost reached our limit in giving, yet natural- 
ly enough, the more the Brotherhood gives the less often do we hear that observation. 
There are some who are desirous of supporting workers, and workers have not been 
found. Some congregations, moved with a desire to support a worker, have chosen a 
representative for the field, from their own number! In some instances this one has 
tarried for a time to prepare, and they are paying the expenses of the preparation. 
Many of our congregations could do this, had they but the inclination. We trust that 
they may soon see the blessings to be derived from such loyal endeavor. 

The following is the list of those who support workers on the field: 
Sunday-Schools by Districts. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, Sister Gertrude Emmert, India. 

Illinois, Southern, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Indiana, Northern, Sisters Mary Stover, India, and Winnie Cripe, China. 

Indiana, Middle, Sister Rosa W. Kaylor, India. 

Iowa, Middle, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Kansas, Northeastern, Bro. Adam Ebey, India. 

Ohio, Southern, Brethren J. M. Pittenger, India, and J. Homer Bright, China. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, India. 

Pennsylvania, Western, Sisters Ida C. Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India. 

Virginia, Northern, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Virginia, First and Southern, Sister Rebecca J. Wampler. 

Congregations by Districts. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, Sister Anna V. Blough, China. 
Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, Brother and Sister F. H. Crum- 
packer, China. 

Nebraska, Sister Josephine Powell, India. 

Virginia, Second, Northern and Eastern, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Individual Sunday-Schools. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Sister Emma Horning, China. 
Cerro Gordo, 111., Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell, India. 

Dallas Center, Iowa, partial support, Sister Minerva Metzger, China. 
English River, Iowa, Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 

Flora, Bachelor Run, Howard, Upper and Lower Deer Creek, Dr. O. G. Brubaker 
and family, China. 

8 Annual Report 

Mt. Morris, 111., Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 

Virden and Girard, 111., Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Individual Congregations. 

Antietam, Pa., Sisters Nora Lichty, India, and Lizzie N. Flory, China. 
Bear Creek, Ohio, Sister Anna M. Eby, India. 
Bethel, Nebr,, Bro. R. C. Flory, China. 
Coon River, Iowa, Sister Elizabeth M. Arnold, India. 

Lordsburg congregation and Sunday-school, Cal., Brother and Sister Ernest Vani- 
man, China. 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, 111., Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 

Pipe Creek, Maryland, Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 

Peach Blossom, Md., two-thirds support, Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China. 

Panther Creek, Iowa, Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Quemahoning, Pa., Bro. Q. A. Holsopple, India. 

Salem, Ohio, Sister J. Homer Bright, China. 

Shade Creek and Scalp Level, Pa., Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 

Tulpehocken, Pa., Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Other Organizations. 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Va., Brother and Sis.ter A. W. Ross and one 
child, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 111., Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 

Metzger China Fund, individuals giving part support for Sister Minerva Metzger, 

Oiler Memorial Fund, Sisters Kathren R. Holsopple and Florence B. Pittenger, In- 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Association, Huntingdon, Pa., Bro. 
J. M. Blough, India. 


Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenaman, Lordsburg, Cal., Bro. J. I. Kaylor, India. 

There are some who may have the impression that by the term, " supporting the 
missionary/' the entire cost of the mission work which that worker does is cared for. 
As a matter of fact, our industrial, evangelistic, educational, and various branches of 
work in the field, require the expenditure on an average of not far from $1,200 per year 
for each man and woman on the field, including that worker's support. Our brethren 
can very materially assist us through their contributions to the world-wide fund. 

We are very desirous that Sunday-schools, primary departments, and Christian 
Workers' Societies undertake the supports of the children of missionaries on the field. 
Very few of these are assigned. This will increase our receipts, and will give organi- 
zations that are desirous of doing definite mission work, an outlet for their efforts. 


During the year Bro. C. D. Hylton has visited a large number of the churches in 
Virginia in the interests of missionary work, laying especial emphasis on the financial 
side of the question. 

Bro. Ross D. Murphy has spent practically all of his time among the churches of 
Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio, in the interests, primarily, of missionary education. Bro. 
Murphy has made many addresses, has inspired numerous missionary committees to 
greater activity, outlining more fully to them their duties and possibilities, and has en- 
couraged various churches to elect committees, that previously had not done so. His 
work has been very kindly received. Some mission study classes have been formed 
through his endeavors. It appears as though this is the most promising method of 
educating our young people along missionary lines. 

Annual Report 9 

In addition to the efforts of these brethren, many of our District Missionary Sec- 
retaries have carried out a program of education, which has been a factor of no small 
importance. However, the labors of these men would be greatly facilitated if the 
Districts would make adequate provision for the traveling expenses and compensation 
for the time spent in the work. In some Districts the offices of District Sunday-school, 
Christian Workers,' and Missionary Secretary have been combined in one person. This 
has proven fruitful, and it keeps the expense within the range of practically any Dis- 
trict in the Brotherhood that desires to push along aggressive lines. 

We cannot Overlook the fact that, after all the visits that may be made to a congre- 
gation by secretaries, the burden of the task must lie with the leaders of the congrega- 
tion. In many of the successful congregations a missionary committee has been elect- 
ed. When this committee knows what to do, is given liberty of action, and has the 
willingness to persevere, much good work is accomplished. In some churches these 
committees have inaugurated systematic giving, have organized mission study classes, 
and have encouraged the ministers in preaching missionary sermons. All of these ef- 
forts result in positive good. Through the means of the persevering in every church 
shall our work go forward. If any church fails to do its duty, just to that extent will 
the work of the General Mission Board result in failure and defeat. 

Nearly all of our Districts have selected missionary secretaries in accordance with 
the 1911 Conference plan, and these secretaries are doing considerable work. Not all 
are as active as they would like to be, but some are selected without adequate provision 
by their Districts to enable them to go about among the churches, and they are thus 
seriously handicapped in their labors. We believe that where provision has been made 
for their expenses they are doing very commendable work. The following is a list of 
secretaries, as nearly up-to-date as we can secure their names and addresses: 

Arkansas, First District and Southeastern Missouri. 

California, Northern, D. L. Forney, Reedley, Cal. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, Geo. H. Bashor, 3115 Manitou Ave., Los Angeles, 

Colorado, Western, and Utah, Arthur Rust, Clifton, Colo. 

Idaho and Western Montana, David Betts, Nampa, Idaho. 

Illinois, Northern, and Wisconsin, S. C. Miller, 970 Lawrence Ave., Elgin, 111. 

Illinois, Southern, D. J. Blickenstaff, Oakley, 111. 

Indiana, Middle. 

Indiana, Northern, J. W. Kitson, Syracuse, Ind. 

Indiana, Southern, B. F. Goshorn, Clay City, Ind. 

Iowa, Middle, V. C. Finnell, 403 Youngerman Block, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, J. Q. Goughnour, Ankeny, Iowa. 

Iowa, Southern, Leslie Cover, S. Ottumwa, Iowa, 118 S. Moore St. 

Kansas, Northeastern. 

Kansas, Southeastern, John Sherfy, 1309 S. Edith St., Chanute, Kans. 

Kansas, Northwestern, and Northeastern Colorado, Mary Daggett, Covert, Kans. 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, W. H. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 

Maryland, Eastern, W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Maryland, Middle, Caleb Long, Boonsboro, Md. 

Maryland, Western, James W. Beeghly, Oakland, Md. 

Michigan, J. Edson Ulery, Onekama, Mich. 

Missouri, Middle, I. V. Enos, Adrian, Mo. 

Missouri, Northern, M. E. Stair, Polo, Mo. 

Missouri, Southern, and Northwestern Arkansas, none appointed. 

Nebraska, S. G. Nickey, Moorefield, Nebr. 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Geo. A. Branscom, Melvin Hill, 
N. C. 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and Western Canada, J. D. Kesler, Zion, N. D. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Edwin W. Wolfe, Hartville, Ohio. 

10 Annual Report 

Ohio, Northwestern, S. P. Berkebile, Defiance, Ohio. 

Ohio, Southern, Ira G. Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and Pecos Valley, New Mexico, John R. Pitzer, 
Cordell, Okla. 

Oregon, Hiram Smith, Lebanon, Oregon. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, I. W. Taylor, Neffsville, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southern, W. H. Miller, R. 4, Hanover, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southeastern, New Jersey and Eastern Xew York, M. C. Swigart, 
6611 Germantown Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Middle. 

Pennsylvania, Western, H. S. Replogle, Shelocta, Pa. 

Tennessee, none appointed. 

Texas and Louisiana, M. H. Peters, Manvel, Tex. 

Virginia, First, J. A. Dove, Cloverdale, Va. 

Virginia, Second, W. H. Zigler, Churchville, Va. 

Virginia, Northern, J. Carson Miller, Timberville, Va. 

Virginia, Eastern, E. E. Blough, Manassas, Va. 

Virginia, Southern. 

Washington, Geo. W. Hilton, Surrey, N. D. 

West Virginia, First, Seymour Hamstead, R. 2, Oakland, Md. 

West Virginia, Second. 


With the deficit, mentioned previously in our report, confronting us, the Board 
deeply feels the necessity of missionary education. If we are to support our work in 
a way commensurate with the prosperity of our people, we must know the needs of 
our own missions, and understand the motives that prompt all Christian missionary 
endeavor. Especially does the Board feel the responsibility resting upon the genera- 
tion of workers today towards those of the morrow. 

In accordance with this conviction a combined mission study and reading course 
has been arranged. Bro. Galen B. Rover has prepared a book entitled. " Christian 
Heroism in Heathen Lands," owned by the Mission Board, which is designed to be a 
first book for the course. This book is to be studied in class, where it can be done. 
Where a class cannot be organized, it is to be studied individually. An examination is 
given at the conclusion of this stud} r . Questions are furnished by the Board. Those 
passing in this study are awarded a certificate. The remaining books of the course can 
be studied either in class or individually, and upon the statement of the student that 
the same have been studied, a seal is supplied for attaching to the certificate. In all 
seven books are to be studied before the course is completed. 

We give herewith the list of books as recommended for the study of the entire 

For Certificate. 

"Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands'' (Galen B. Rover). Paper, 40c; cloth, 55c. 
An examination on this book is required for the certificate. 

For Seals. 

Only the reading of these books is required. 

General Stud}' (Red Seal). 

"Missions and the Church" (Wilbur B. Stover). Cloth, 60c. 

Home Missions (Purple Seal). 

"The Challenge of the City (Strong). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or "Aliens or Amer- 
icans" (Grose). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

Annual Report 


Missions in the Sunday-School" (Green Seal). 
"Missionary Methods" (Trull). Board, 57c; or "Missionary Programs and Inci- 
dents" (Trull). Cloth, 50c. 

Asia (Blue Seal). 
"Sunrise in the Sunrise Kingdom" (De Forest). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or " Korea 
in Transition" (Gale). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

Africa (Silver Seal). 
" Daybreak in the Dark Continent" (Naylor). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or " Effective 
Workers in Needy Fields" (McDowell). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

Our Fields (Gold Seal). 
"The Uplift of China" (Smith). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or "India Awakening" 
(Eddy). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

The following is a fac-simile of the certificate which we award. This certificate is 
suitable for framing; size, 11x14 inches. A charge of twenty-five cents is made for the 
certificate, and the seals are supplied without additional expenditure. 

. Qmareawfam'Jn'Jfa bziafase^— 

yutMuivta/.ffiU' Course in Missions s€i^^t^€4sL&e€&s^yfiw 
General Mission Board. 

In Testimony Whereof s&&memo<M6kticm'<At0a^ 


Secretary' of Board. 

Already a considerable number of mission study classes have been started in 
various parts of the Brotherhood, and as the year closes there are a good many who 
are almost ready for the examination. We would especially urge that the leaders in 
our local churches take up this work and seek to organize classes for the study of 
" Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands." Pennies spent now in missionary education 
will mean dollars on the morrow for this great international work for Jesus. Litera- 
ture more fully explaining this course will be sent free to anyone, upon application. 


Annual Report 


The past year has been a prosperous one for the House. In spite of the general 
business depression, commercial work has been plentiful in our quarter and we have 
been able to keep quite busy. The earnings of the House have been exceptionally good. 
Our periodicals have kept up a splendid circulation, due to untiring efforts in that direc- 
tion. It has been the fixed rule of the Board that, after deducting from the House 
earnings the upkeep expense of the House and six per cent interest on the investment, 
the remainder should go to the reserve account. A new rule went into effect at the 
December Board meeting, which says that in addition to the above, twenty per cent of 
the net earnings shall be used for direct missionary work. Hence at the close of 
business, $4,700 was this year turned into the World-Wide mission account. 


We take this means of expressing to all who have made our work possible, our 
heartfelt thanks for your loyal assistance. Through your prayers, your gifts, and 
your kind words we have been able to accomplish what we have in a brief way en- 
deavored, with the help of our missionaries, herewith to outline. Our missionaries have 
labored hard, have been handicapped with a shortage of workers, but have endured 
hardness as true soldiers of the cross. Heaven alone can reward the self-sacrifice that 
has been shown by many of our brethren and sisters at home and abroad. Let us 
together labor and pray while it is yet day. The harvest is ripe and the laborers are 
few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that He may send forth laborers into 
His harvest. 

Photo by W. O. Beckner 
A Crroup at Hjorring-, Denmark. 

Reading from left to right, M. Johannsen, C. Hansen, A. F. Wine, 
C. C. Eskildsen, oldest elder in Denmark, Sister Eskildsen, and two visitors. 
All of these read our church publications in English. 


A. F. WINE. 

By the beginning of 1914 we had been in this country only six months, and there- 
fore still were busy with the study of the language. I had been able to give encourage- 

Annual Report 113 

merit to the members only through an interpreter. With the opening of 1914 I began 
to exercise a little in speaking the Danish language, but was not able to do much 
preaching until the last half of the year, and then only at our regular services, until in 
November, when I began special work in series of meetings and Bible study classes. 
But I must confess that even at this writing, April 1, 1915, it is difficult for me to 
speak the language correctly, there are so many phrases that one can learn only by 
actual experience in association with the Danish people. There is no fast rule that 
one can learn and be governed by as in the English. All consider the Danish language 
to be very difficult for a foreigner to acquire. It seems now that I never shall be able 
to pronounce these "jawbreakers" as do the native Danes. My tongue was too well set 
ir the English, so that I cannot twist it around in the proper shape correctly to say 
many of these words. Of course, I can speak understandingly, as a rule, but not flu- 
ently. Our daughter, Thelma, speaks it almost perfectly, so very, very much better 
than I. After all it is not best for too old a person to go to a foreign field where it 
is necessary to learn a language, for it will always be a hindrance in his work. 

During the year our labor has been very largely among the members. There are 
only two organized churches in Denmark — Vendsyssel in the north and Thy in the 
west of North Jutland. The membership of Vendsyssel at the close of the year was 
only thirty, not including our own family. They are very much scattered, there being 
forty miles between the farthest two members. The largest number that live in any 
one neighborhood is six. A number of the members in Vendsyssel are old and the 
rest middle-aged, there being no young members to become the future workers of the 
church. The opposite condition exists in Thy, where the greater number are middle- 
aged or young. They are also much more centrally located, it being only about 
twenty miles between the farthest points. The membership is fifty-one, and forty of 
them live within five miles of Hordum, where the mission house is located. Many of 
the members in Thy have large families. Thus, by the proper teaching and training, 
the prospects are good. Here in nearly all the families the husband and wife belong to 
the church where, in Vendsyssel, only the wife belongs; therefore, if there are children 
in the home, they are baptized and confirmed in the State Church. I have been dividing 
my time between the two congregations, preaching to them the best I can in my 
stammering way for their encouragement and strengthening in the faith. Elders 
Eskildsen and Hansen live in the Vendsyssel congregation, and Eld. M. Johannsen and 
Christian Olsen, minister in second degree, in Thy. Eld. M. Johannsen has just been 
transferred to Thy with the beginning of 1915, to have the oversight of the church and 
devote much of his time to mission work. 

During the summer one widow was baptized in Vendsyssel congregation. She 
lives four miles from Sindal. In November I held a week's meeting in her neighbor- 
hood, assisted by Bro. M. Johannsen. This is in a country village, where the only 
house available was a little hall, used for all kinds of meetings, plays, etc. The at- 
tendance was very small, but the interest of those that came was good. We would have 
continued the meetings another week, but the opposition became so strong that the 
men who owned the hall would not let us have it longer. So soon as the people learn 
that it is the Brodremenighed (the Church of the Brethren) the doors are closed 
against us. There also was a young lady baptized in Thy, but immediately thereafter 
she went to America. As a rule this means that such a one is lost to the church. It is 
rather a sad condition, but there have been few exceptions in the past. 

A little before Christmas a call came for preaching in Thisted, the largest town in 
the Thy congregation, where one young brother lives and works in a factory. We were 
able to rent a hall in the temperance hotel and held a couple of meetings. The attend- 
ance was from forty to sixty, which we consider very good in Denmark. The interest 
also was excellent, so that we promised to hold a ten days' Bible Class later. This we 
did, and the attendance and interest continued to be good, so now we have regular 
preaching twice a month, and at this writing, April 1, 1915, three have requested bap- 
tism and await the rite. 

14 Annual Report 

During the winter I held four Bible classes in Hordum and Thisted of ten days 
each. This is a new line of work for the Danish people, and the interest manifested is 
rather remarkable. Surely there is nothing more profitable than the study of the 
Gospel, which is truth and life. 

We also have begun Sunday-school in Bedsted, a town of 600 or 700, four miles 
from Hordum. Bro. Chr. Olsen lives here, and several other families in and around it. 
Sunday-school also is a new venture for the Danish members, and it seemed quite dif- 
ficult to get them started in this line of work. Bro. Johansen and I went around in the 
town and called on a number of families where there were children. We told them of 
our purpose to begin Sunday-school and asked them if they would be glad to send 
their children, there being no Sunday-school in the town. None refused, and many 
promised to send, so we had announcements printed and distributed in each home. 
This was on Saturday. On Sunday there were thirty-eight children present, a number 
being from the town, of homes not members. This was their first Sunday, and also 
their last, for before another Sunday had come it was well understood that the Bro- 
dremenighed was back of the movement, so they were not permitted to come any more. 
There are enough of our own members' children to continue, and the interest is good. 
We hope to overcome the opposition by persistent, prayerful, careful efforts in His 



Another year has rolled into eternity. A short and busy year has it been for us 
here in Sweden. Nothing out of the ordinary had been our experience until the begin- 
ning of August, when the European war broke out. There was no little excitement 
here in Sweden all of August. We, however, were not alarmed, for our heart was 
stayed upon God. He is able to keep in perfect peace those who put their trust in 
Him. Blessed be His name for what He has and will do for those who put their trust 
in Him. Money had been tied up for a few weeks, but we were not affected by it. It 
was very considerate of the Board to send us a reserve fund to be applied in case 
of emergency. I have the money in United States gold in a safe deposit vault in the 
bank where I deal. This was the United States Consul's advice. 

We are still working on the foundation of our work in Sweden. The year was 
crowned with many blessings and with less contention in our ranks. You may not fully 
understand what this means in Sweden. Death has claimed two sisters. Though we 
cannot report as many accessions as we have prayed for, we are glad for the few who 
were baptized in the Malmo church on the evening of Feb. 16. Others are counting 
the cost. 

Our Sunday-school work is most encouraging, the number lingering around 100. 
Our quarters are getting too small for this line of work. Fruits are beginning to ma- 
ture from the Sunday-school rank. One of those baptized a week ago was a girl from 
Sister Graybill's class. 

Our Young People's Society and Aid Society are working faithfully. They have 
taken an active part in the clothing of poor children at Christmas. 

To our auxiliary work we have added a Junior Society during the year. We have 
forty active members between the ages of 10 and 16 years. We meet every Wednesday 
evening for work, and have also devotional exercises. Occasionally they render public 
programs. Last evening they rendered a splendid program. We hope to have some of 
their work on the mission exhibition at Hershey. 

The distribution of clothing to the poor children was a perfect success. I wish 
those who have contributed might have been present on the evening of Dec. 18. They 

Annual Report 


would gladly seek the opportunity to help in this line of work. Not only can we there- 
by influence the needy, but it gives us a standing among other missions in Sweden. 
Bro. Anderson pronounced it the best work our mission has yet done in Sweden. 
There will certainly be influences of this work in years to come. 

Our meetings of a missionary, ministerial, and Sunday-school character, in connec- 
tion with the District Meeting, were a success. This does not belong to the report for 
1914, but I cannot refrain from making mention of it. The report of the District Meet- 
ing will prove its effect. Brother and Sister Beckner's visit over these meetings was 
a great inspiration. I trust the Board will consider the propriety of sending our mis- 
sionaries, when on furlough, by way of Sweden and Denmark. 

We are in good health, and praise the Lord for it. We are happy in being priv- 
ileged to perform errands for the Lord. May we be faithful in our mission. Many are 
the discouragements we meet, but they are gradually disappearing. Not a few are our 
needs, but the Lord is supplying them in His own appointed time and way. We have 
no new needs, but wish to renew our great need of a suitable place of worship. You 
cannot realize, I am sure, our great need along this line. Would that you might see it 
with our eyes. Bro. Cederholm, who is a contractor, has helped me to work out plans 
and give a more accurate estimate of the cost of building. The plan follows with this 

Our greatest need is your prayers. We need divine guidance. This can be obtained 
only by a close walk with God and a guidance of His Spirit. Were it not for the 
power in prayer, the closet, and united prayers of members on the home base, we would 
be made to tremble in the work on the field. 

Soon will be the time of the Hershey Annual Meeting, within sight of where I was 
born into the kingdom of God. How I would like to be there! But this will only do 
to think about. I trust you will have a glorious meeting and the cause of Christ may 
be honored. 

Love and best wishes to all of like precious faith. The Lord give you grace and 
wisdom in all the work of missions in the church. 

Photo by "W. O. Beckner. 
Dinner at Sweden's District Meeting-, Malmo, February 7, 1915. 


Annual Report 

When Bretliren Boyer and Early Were in China. 


Notwithstanding the fact that during 1914 the ravages of war were felt in many 
places, lives lost and homes destroyed, for the China Mission the year was one of quiet, 
peace, and progress, but few knowing anything of the great " world struggle." True, 
sickness and even death were experienced in our midst, but God has been with us and 
we can but say, " It is well." In September little Mary Bright was called to " the better 
home," but earlier in the year another treasure was given in the coming of Edna Pearl 
Vaniman. In July Dr. Wampler was seriously ill, but the Father graciously spared his 
life and we again and again thank the loving Father for sending our two doctors, in 
whose efficient care we feel reasonably safe from those dire diseases incident to the 
missionary's life. 

Unlike the two previous years none of our missionaries was compelled to return 
to the homeland on account of sickness, for which we are glad. Instead, the mission 
has been blessed in the coming of two more workers, Brother and Sister Flory, with 
their two little boys. However they have not, as yet, come interior, but have been at 
Peking in the language school. We are glad this year to send a short report from 
fourteen of our seventeen workers on the field. The other three, having spent their 
time largely at the language, felt they had nothing of special interest to write. During 
the latter part of the year we were glad to be favored with a visit from Brother and 
Sister Beckner, whose presence and words lent encouragement and inspiration. 

During the year twenty-one native converts were added to the church, making 
fifty-four in all. The Sunday-school pupils have increased from fifty to 150 over the 
previous year, and day-school pupils from ninety-five to 124. A new outstation has 
been opened, making three in all. Land has been bought at both stations, and prepara- 
tions are being made for new and larger buildings for the expansion and efficiency of 
the work. 

Thus, as we review the year, we can but realize that the Father has been with us 
and blessed our humble efforts, in spite of the difficulties and disappointments incident 
to our work. We thank Him for the outlook, and for the uplook we can ever have as 
we press forward " to regions beyond." 

"Ask of me, and I will give thee the nations for thine inheritance, and the utter- 
most parts of the earth for thy possession " (Psa. 2: 8). 

Annual Report 


Photo by W. O. Beckner. 

Boys of Ping' Ting 1 Mission School In Their Assembly Boom. Growing- into " Full- 
grown Hen In Christ Jesus." 

Ping Ting Station. 

Boys' Schoolwork for the Ping Ting Station for 1914. 

The year has been one of gradual growth and increasing interest in the plans of 
the mission. The boys have shown a real hearty spirit in all the work of the church. 
They seem to think that they area part of the workings, and on the whole have shown 
a splendid spirit in what we have tried to do for them. Besides the half-hour daily 
prayers with the boys there has been a regular Bible class in the school taught by 
H. C. Yin. There have been several other influences to help the boys become like 
the disciples: A night Bible class, in which most of the larger boys took part; an in- 
ternational Bible reading circle, in which the larger students have had a share; and 
the Sunday-school, which has enrolled all of them. So, as far as the religious side is 
concerned, they get a good training. 

Physically, we are doing what we can for them. Teaching them to love baths is 
not easy, but the weekly bath is compulsory, and many of them are getting so they 
like it more and more. Then we have the regular changing of clothing, weekly, or 
about so, and this is almost unknown to the average Chinese child. We try not to 
keep them housed in unsanitary places, and in addition have three hours a week given 
up to physical drill by a teacher borrowed from the government school in the city. 
This adds much to the interest of the boys in right position of the body, and such like. 

During the year there have been about sixty enrolled. Of this number about fifty- 
six have stayed all the year. One boy was dismissed for continued disobedience. Some 
of them left for other purposes and others have been coming in. 

Very little sickness has been among the boys. The doctor keeps a close watch 
and helps them over their little ailments. About the biggest problem is to be able to 
keep their food in proper condition. Because of the nature of the Chinese food it is 
rather difficult to get much of a change for the children. The above has been said 
concerning the school at the main station. Besides this we have had a small school 
at the outstation of Le Ping, and here, too, the children have done well in their work. 
They also get regular Bible teaching and have as much help physically as their Chi- 
nese teachers are able to give them. We think that in both of these schools the chil- 

18 Annual Report 

dren advance more rapidly mentally than in the government schools. Besides, they 
get the spiritual and physical help. During the year six of the boys were received into 
the church and seem to be getting a regular start in their religious life. 

Our greatest need for this department is a heating plant that will warm the school- 
house without the children constantly being troubled with the gas that comes from the 
coal. We hope the Lord will put it into the heart of some of our brethren with money 
to furnish this plant.. It probably would cost about $500, and the installing. May the 
Lord take care of His educational work at Ping Ting among the boys. Here is one of 
our most hopeful fields. 

The Men's Evangelistic Side of the Work at Ping Ting Station, 1914. 

This has been a very pleasant work during the year. Several men have become 
interested and have been growing nearer and nearer to the church. A number were 
baptized in the fall. A series of Bible lessons have been held at night for the men a 
good portion of the year, and then a regular Bible class meeting three times a day was 
held for about ten days just prior to the baptismal services in the early part of Novem- 
ber. Three men entered the church at one of our outstations. This is the first result 
of outstation work we have seen. The regular services. have been well attended. More 
work has been done by the Bible distributers than ever before. Many Scripture por- 
tions have been sold and distributed. All classes have become interested. 

The official and middle schoolmen came in a body to our Christmas meeting. A 
real interest also is shown by several of the. business men of the place. At the Christ- 
mas times we put a New Testament into about all of the shops of the city. The Chi- 
nese Brethren are slowly beginning to realize that this work is theirs and they are 
gradually taking hold in one way or another. The giving times are of great interest, 
for it shows the interest of the members. They have always done well in this line, 
and we feel that they are now really desirous of a larger preaching chapel, for they are 
putting in some of their own money to make this possible. 

Several of the Brethren have gladly engaged in teaching in our Sunday-school, and 
seem to like the work. One of the outstations is closed, though temporarily, because of 
the unfaithfulness of the workers there. So there are discouragements as well as 
joys in the services. . : 

On the whole, the year has been a very good one, in that the people all around 
us are becoming more friendly and are glad to come about us more than heretofore. 
We praise the Lord and press on for the greater number who are yet outside the touch 
of the Gospel. 

Here our greatest need is a meetinghouse, and we are still hoping that one will 
materialize all right. If it comes we will all be glad, for in the past: year we have often 
tried to put a two-hundred audience in a seventy-five-audience .room. . This is dis- 
couraging, for in such cases the better class of people will not come. They do not want 
to be crowded in a place like this, and as yet have not learned to. appreciate .the reason 
for it. 

Is there any reason why we should not have a churchhouse at Ping Ting Station? 
The Lord has promised it to us, and we- are praying for the speedy fulfillment of His 
promise. . [. 

Ping Ting Hsien Girls' School 
At present there are thirteen girls in the school. Since our last report seventeen 
have been enrolled. Where are the four? One was taken out to serve an aunt who 
can not walk, the result of foot-binding. This precious little one is compelled to go 
through the same horrible torture. Two failed to return after the Chinese New Year, 
because we changed teachers. The lady who had been with us a few months, and did 
fairly good work, had to be dismissed because her proud spirit and temper got the bet- 
ter of her. Her successor is a girl of about the same schooling, but a much better in- 
structor and having a pleasanter disposition. We are certainly grateful to the American. 

Annual Report 


Board Mission at Taikuhsien for sending this girl to help out in the present need. The 
fourth pupil left school because of the bitter opposition of relatives, who do not yet un- 
derstand the need of a Christian education and trust their inanimate gods. The work 
of the last four months has been of a higher grade than before, and we feel that we 
have a real school. 

One of the pupils was baptized in November and she enjoys her Christian life. 
May she be an example worthy of His name. Another one could not be admitted into 
the church now, because her mother forbade such a step. Since then her mother has 
become willing that some one should teach her to read. Pray that the two may find the 

We feel the need of a new building very much. We may have our desires gratified 
in a year's time. Buying land and building take some time here. 

Two Native Sisters at Ping- Ting- Hsien. 

Women's Work at Ping Ting Hsien. 

The women's work in 1914 received many blessings from the Lord. New homes 
are constantly opening to the Gospel, and in very few places do they resent the teach- 
ing. Twelve women have broken off opium this year. During the thirty-five days 
they are with us they are given daily teaching, and several have learned to read the 
Bible from the help they have received. Over thirty women are being taught to read, 
preparing them to read the Bible. Six of these are now far enough along so that they 
are studying the Bible. Some thirty classes and services are being held each week. 
These are held in all parts of the city. The general services for women are held in 
the women's chapel twice a week — Thursday and Sunday afternoons. The attendance 
at these services, including women and children, is from twenty to thirty. At special 
services there are more. On Christmas day over a hundred crowded into the little 

Work with the women at the out-station, Lu Ping, has only been opened, and we 
hope to develop the work there this coming year. Work has also been started in seven 
near-by villages, which we hope to develop during the year. One woman has been 
baptized this year. 

Sisters Metzger, Blough, and Crumpacker are also helping in the work each week. 
Pray for greater blessings next year. 


Annual Report 


Some Things We Have Been Permitted to Do. 

As all of you know, our work since arriving in grand old China, Nov. 1, 1913, has 
been getting a knowledge of this monstrous language. This is the first and most im- 
portant thing for us to do, as we must use it in order to perform among this needy peo- 
ple the " business of our King." 

At Ping Ting.Hsien we were making slow and steady progress at the language, 
as well as getting acquainted with some of the ups and downs of missionary life. The 
frequent meeting with our experienced fellow-workers was most agreeable, and their 
encouragement and advice were a great help in beginning language study. 

The teaching of English to some of the boys of our mission school was helpful 
in getting acquainted with the work, as well as practical, for some Chinese must be 
used in order to have them understand the English one is trying to teach. 

Eld. F. H. Crumpacker — the pioneer of our mission and a college mate in the 
States — being the only man in the station, and long since overburdened with his many 
duties and problems, we felt obliged to share some responsibilities and do what we 
could to help. Through the kindness of the mission we have been relieved of any real 
responsibility in the work, but being present and seeing the great need one cannot but 
do some thinking and planning at least. To put away the thoughts of these needs and 
shut oneself up to nothing but language study is well-nigh impossible. The work to 
be done is great and worthy. " Come over and help us! " 

A most enjoyable task has been the making convenient and comfortable of the 
first home that we have ever had to ourselves. This was made all the more interesting 
because of the newness of the situation. To a young man, beginning a home within 
the many walls of the Chinese inland city and with the few foreign necessities that can 
be obtained, is novel indeed. It is interesting to think of in comparison with the ex- 
periences of Robinson Crusoe, though the conditions are not quite so primitive. We 
have already had the opportunity to prove the saying that " any experience or education 
is of use to the missionary." 

Although the. above-mentioned experiences have been helpful and enjoyable, they 
were no little hindrance to our rapid progress at the language. And since we are to 
be engaged principally in educational work it was decided by the mission to give us 
the advantage of a year's study in the North China Language School at Peking. Here 

Photo by W. O. Beckner. 

A Chinese Lady, 80 Years Old. 

Her son wanted this picture taken so they can use it in their worship of 

her spirit after she dies! Her first photograph. 

Annual Report 


we study under the best teachers to be had and learn the language as it is used by the 
educated classes. 

We had the rare pleasure of meeting my wife's sister and her family — Brother and 
Sister R. C. Flory and two lively little boys — upon their arrival in China in September, 
shortly before the opening of our school. Here we are living together in the same 
Chinese house and working away at this interesting language with all the energy our 
kind Father has given us. We have our private teachers two to three hours every day, 
besides two hours per day in the language school. Then we study two to three hours 
alone. Thus six to eight hours are spent at the language daily, with little outside to 
take our time and energy. Some time is rightly given to the appreciation and care 
of the sunbeam of heavenly sunshine sent to us in our Edna Pearl. A cheery sunbeam 
she is, indeed! 

Chinese Children. 

Many Bible classes have been organized in the missions of this city as a result of 
the Eddy campaign which enrolled young men in all parts of China. The invitation to 
teach two of these classes, each one hour per week, has been accepted. This gives an 
opportunity to use the language and meet the Chinese in the work we most enjoy — 
that of teaching the saving truths of the Bible. By becoming acquainted with some of 
these older missions we get a high ideal toward which to work in our own station. 

How pleasing it would be to have more of you walk with us in " His ways of pleas- 
antness and paths of peace" in this land of unequaled opportunity! 

May we sing with ever-increasing " spirit and understanding" the song, " Where He 
leads me I will follow." 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 


The schoolboys and orphans have claimed no small portion of my time, part of it 
in teaching at the regular rounds of school lessons, but a greater part in teaching some- 
thing of the gospel of cleanliness. Then, too, there was superintending the making and 
mending of their clothes. The sewing has been done by poor women, who were greatly 
in need of employment. All this work is a source of real joy, and last fall when three 
orphans and three other schoolboys were received into the church, a look into their 
faces, so determined and happy, could not but give joy to any one who had even a 
small part in bringing the great joy into their lives. 

The work in the Sunday-school is inspiring, too. At the boys' Sunday-school, at 

22 Annual Report 

first, it consisted in teaching them, but now it is superintending the work and conduct- 
ing the teacher-training class. 

In the women's and children's Sunday-school the primary class is a real delight. 
The little brown eyes in China sparkle and dance with delight as much as do those 
of American children. 

Then .for awhile there was the work with some street children, but the severe cold 
weather stopped that. The class had to be held in the open courts, as several of the 
children had a reputation. for being naughty and no one wanted them inside his house. 
The crowd varied from ten or twelve to" forty or more. Always there were some grown- 
ups in the crowd. Sunday-school cards were given out when some verse of Scripture, 
some hymn or, other teaching was committed. Sometimes a mother would want some 
extra card for small children, but she had to say two verses or do something ior every 
additional one she got. Certainly it is wonderful how some of these poor people can 
learn and remember. 

Then, too, there was the weekly Bible Class with the women, that is always inter- 
esting. Along with these come the making of a few calls, the receiving of callers, the 
listening to the tales of woe, of hunger and abuse, and sometimes of joy and gladness. 
Giving material aid to the poor is a big, hard problem. The home duties fill up all the 
spare time, and all too soon the year is gone. We ask the Father to bless the good that 
may have been done and to forgive the many wrongs. 


The year has been full of blessing for us. We have been kept well and strong, 
for which we are very grateful. Not the least of our blessings, by any means, was the 
coming of little Edna Pearl, a ray of God's purest sunshine, into our home in China. 
She adds new joys to our lives every day. 

We, who are engaged only at language study, have no definite work on which to 
report, except language study, with more language study. 

Perhaps to some of you it seems we must spend a long time at this before we are 
able to take up something definite with the people, and so we must. It is a long, hard 
task, and sometimes a little monotonous, too. But for the most part we have found 
our study very fascinating, and it ever grows in interest as our vocabulary increases and 
we become able to express ourselves to these people in their own tongue. We find it 
especially helpful to be in the language school. Our teachers are all Chinese, but one, 
so we have an opportunity to hear the language spoken constantly. I find my Bible 
reading particularly interesting, and it seems nice to be getting in hand the things about 
which we most want to talk to these people. 

Here we have opportunity to visit the various Christian missions of the city. They 
are about half a dozen in all, and certainly are doing a work of inestimable value for 
this nation, by getting so many young men and women of influence in her capital city 
into their schools and college, where they have instilled into them the principles of 

What can be more inspiring than to sit in some of their churches, where several 
hundred are assembled in worship of the true God? There always is such a reverential 
atmosphere, with no unnecessary disturbances, such as laughing and talking, which are 
found in so many places at home. Their music is very good, and were it not for the 
strange words they sing it would sound about like our music at home. They seem to 
sing with the whole heart, too. At the close of the service each one pauses for a mo- 
ment's silent prayer, and then moves quietly out. I wish the spirit of reverence, which 
they manifest while in the house of God, might be found more in the homeland. 

We are glad we can have some small part in the efforts of our people in this needy 
land. The work is yours. " Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that He send 
forth laborers into His harvest." 

Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China, 

Annual Report 


Medical Work at Ping Ting. 

Dr. Wampler was absent from the station eight months at language study.; At 
least a part of each afternoon of the time spent in Ping Ting was given to medical 
work. The report for these four months is as follows: 

Calls at the dispensary (representing about 500 different people), 1,574 

Operations under general anaesthetic . . . . . . 10 

Operations under local anaesthetic, 2 

Operations in dispensary, such as extracting teeth, lancing boils, etc., about, 100 

Patients in the Opium Refuge, 104 

Visits to the homes of the sick, 25 

Professional services to missionaries outside our own mission, 5 

Fees from the Chinese during the year, $ 200 

During the month of December no operation was undertaken except as a life-saving 
measure, since we had no room which was sufficiently heated to perform any operation 
other than absolutely required. 

Mission Family at Liao Cnou. 

Liao Chou Station. 


With the year 1914 there are some successes and some failures that will ever cling 
to it as, in the future, we reflect over the years. During the year we had our first con- 
verts that the Chinese count local (for to be counted such a man must live in a place 
thirty years), and among these were those of the teacher class. Not until the last quar- 
ter of this year did we procure a place for a chapel, for which we are very grateful, 
though we do not get possession till after the Chinese New Year. Having looked for 
better quarters for two years, we were especially fortunate in securing one of the best 
locations in the city. A former native worker came back to us in September, and he 
has been instrumental in securing this as well as other property for several phases of 
our work. 

Though the buying of property is not primarily evangelism, it might be of interest 
to relate the progress made during the year in the procuring of a mission compound. 

24 Annual Report 

The changing of our plans of buying our compound, from the outside to within the city, 
and the steady rise in prices will not allow acquiring the property needed with the pres- 
ent allotment for the same. Besides the chapel, the same location will accommodate the 
medical work for the present. In the north of the city we have a nice plot for the 
Boys' School, on which we hope to place substantial buildings this year. In the south 
of the city we procured property on which the Girls' School and Woman's Work can 
be accommodated for the present. We think we have enough left of the fund for a 
mission compound to get a place for the erection of a hospital. Early in the year we 
purchased a plat for our cemetery, situated on a beautiful hillside overlooking the 
city and about three miles off the road leading to Ping Ting. It is about a mile from 
the city. The first planting there was that of our own dear little Mary, and hers was 
the first Christian funeral for Liao Chou. By this providence the sympathy of our Chi- 
nese friends was drawn out as we had never felt it before. 

The service at the present chapel has been well attended. I have had the help of 
three native Christians in the preaching during most of the year. The Christmas time 
was indeed the climax of the year. Three days' meetings then saw many testify for 
the first time. Weekly classes for the members and inquirers ended with six bap- 
tisms, Oct. 30, followed by a love feast, at which time we were enjoying a ten days' 
visit from our Brother and Sister Beckner. How we long for many more such visits! 

During the year we opened our first outstation at He Shun. Our worker there 
stayed at an inn till a small store was rented, but it was not till a few days before 
Christmas that suitable quarters were secured. We also had a colporter for five months 
of the year. Twelve hundred Gospels were sold and 500 tracts, besides Testaments 
and song books. About 5,000 leaflets were distributed and 700 calendars sold. We are 
planning to do more aggressive work along this line during the coming year. Our 
members and friends are learning to give, though we have not begun to have regular 
offerings. A good donation was sent to the British and Foreign Bible Society. They 
supplied the song books for the chapel at He Shun, and looked after the expenses of 
our love feast, besides making the " Peace and Good Will " of the Christmas time a 
reality through gifts and deeds. Many of our poor received food and clothing. Each 
store was presented with a copy of each Gospel and of the Acts, and a Scripture cal- 
endar. Each of our teachers and workers received a good book or two. May our 
Chinese brethren truly grow in grace and in the knowledge of truth through service! 

Educational. Boys' School. 

The year has been one of marked growth and efficiency in our school, and the 
prospect is much greater for the coming year. Our preparation for building during the 
year has put our school into the limelight. The government schools, too, are becoming 
more active, and we are glad that they through us can be provoked to better work. 

There have been fewer transient pupils this year than the year previous, because a 
promise was required for at least a year's attendance before the pupil was admitted. 
One of our charter pupils sickened and died about Nov. 1, and one other was compelled 
to leave because of sickness in the home. For the first term there were thirty-eight 
and for the last term forty pupils. The total enrollment was forty-two. We had 
thought our quarters were about crowded when we had twenty-five pupils, but by a 
little adjustment we accommodated (?) forty boys. How we shall appreciate our new 

During the year both teachers were received into the church, as well as the man 
who prepared their food. At the close of the spring term it was gratifying to hear the 
testimonies and prayers of the boys for their parents and home villages. Though they 
had forgotten some of their zeal, as well as the teaching during the summer, there was 
a steady growth and they could speak and pray more effectively. Some special songs 
by the larger boys and a few by the whole school added much to our Christmas meet- 
ings. How their faces beamed with joy as they sang like the happy birds! Any one 

Annual Report 


who could witness this would not doubt that it was worth while. How our hearts go 
out for a few of the larger boys, who we know are compelled by their parents to bow 
before their images and ancestral tablets! How we long for the day when the parents, 
too, may know the true God! It is gratifying to know, however, that the light is break- 
ing in some of these homes. I was greatly surprised when one father told me a few 
weeks before Christmas that his son could become a Christian the following year. 

With the new year the higher primary department will be opened. This, with the 
increase in, students, will necessitate the procuring of another teacher. 

May the Spirit mellow the hearts of each of the parents of the larger boys, that 
the boys may remain in school, that they may be permitted to become Christians, and 
that the path of usefulness and righteousness may be easier for the younger boys. 

The boys need training in some industry, and we pray that some one may befriend 
them by providing the means for this phase of their education. The Chinese educated 
class need to learn that labor is honorable, and we want to help them, that the work 
of their hands may be profitable. 

March 3, 1915. 

Photo by W. O. Beckner. 
The Sunday Audience at Liao Chou. 

Work Among the Girls at Liao Chou. 

This line of work here is truly in its infancy, to say the most. Any enterprise for 
the education or uplift of the feminine sex is not only an unheard-of, but an unthought- 
of idea. Too, there is no desire for it, for the most part, for illiterate women make 
such good servants and are so obedient to their husbands, especially when they have an 
occasional beating. They don't want them to know better, for it would be too much 
trouble and would spoil them. Such has been the mind of the Chinese, and in these 
mountain districts, a girl or woman feels foolish and fears being laughed at should she 
attempt to try to read. But the teaching of a true doctrine and the influence of a few 
believers work wonders in the heathen mind and life, so after two years from the open- 
ing of our station here there seemed to be sufficient interest in this feature to justify 
us in opening definite work among women and girls. 

It is a recognized fact that education along various lines is the true foundation for 
Christianizing the heathen, and as the nearest school of any kind for girls was two 


Annual Report 

Photo by W. O. Beckner. 
Sister Winnie Cripe and the Girls' School. 

days' journey from us, we felt like giving them a chance for education at their doors. 
We tried to feel our way as we went about in the homes the first half of the year! It 
was frequently and enthusiastically talked over as we sat on the kangs with the 
mothers, and the interest shown on the part of the daughters was at times most- 
striking. Often during the summer as many girls as women came to our Bible class 
and seemed very much interested. A goodly number promised to send their' girls if we 
would open a school; so after much prayer and careful thought it was planned to open 
a school in September. This meant that rooms must be repaired and necessary furni- 
ture made, and we had a small court we could use for the purpose. The services of a 
Chinese lady teacher were secured, and all was in readiness for opening Sept. 8. Eight 
of the eleven girls promised came at the beginning and another came later, but two 
were taken out, so during most of the term there were but seven who were regular at- 
tendants. One, though seven years told, was taken out because her parents thought 
her too small and promised to return her in another year. The other one, a girl ten 
years old, on whom we depended most, was taken home for a few days " because her 
mother was sick." We soon learned, however, that she had been sold for about twenty 
dollars gold to become the bride of a poor mountaineer lad from a village several miles 
from the city. She was betrothed now, the marriage to take place four or five years 
later. The new mother-in-law refused to have her educated, so we have no hope of 
again reaching her in this way. 

But the other seven girls seemed genuinely happy and made some progress. Their 
interest in their music and Bible lessons was especially marked, and it was with keen 
pleasure that we watched their little lives as they listened almost breathlessly at times 
to the "old, old story." Not 'infrequently would they come after a class, or at the 
close of morning or evening prayers, and take my hand and say, " Kai Chiao Shih, I 
very much like to hear this doctrine," or " I want to be a Christian soon; when can I?" 
Sometimes one feels repaid for coming to the field, just for one such expression, and 
often is made to feel how rich are the Father's blessings! 

At the Christmas season the girls gave a little program of songs and Scripture 
verses, which was a credit to those who had been in school but four months. This was 
rendered in the presence of their parents and a few friends, after which we gave them a 
little treat and gifts of dolls and sewing bags from dear ones in the homeland, who 
thus showed evidence of their real interest in us here. God bless the donors as well as 
those made so happy by their gifts! 

Annual Report 


The first term has closed and we truly feel we have scarcely begun, but look for- 
ward with bright prospects to the new year. May the Father give grace and wisdom 
and add His blessing, and may He from this small nucleus establish an institution that 
will touch many lives, and bring forth Christian women who shall witness for Him. 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China. 

The Threshing 1 Ground, Just Outside City Gate, Iiiao Chou. 


We are beginning to feel quite at home in this strange land. One-half of a year 
has already passed, in which time we have partly adjusted ourselves to our new environ- 
ment. If each half year goes as rapidly we can certainly spend a lifetime here and 
truly be happy in His work. I: 

We all need stick-to-it-ive-ness and patience to make this language ours — except 
the little boys who seemingly drink it in from constantly hearing the teacher and pupil 
in the home. Often in their play we hear them mimic us. They use a number ofwords 
and phrases freely. . . . 

Chester, our eldest boy, has the privilege of being in kindergarten of foreign chil- 
dren this winter, and Rolland takes his sleep in the forenoon. Thus we know where 
they are and what they are doing while we are in class. They have an ama (a Chinese 
lady) who helps care for them while we are in our study. 

Of late we have been spending our recreation hour with the Chinese boys and 
girls, out on the street, watching them fly their kites. Kite-flying is a great sport here. 
They have them all shapes and sizes, and the houses being low there is plenty of room 
to fly them. The kites are of as much interest to our boys as the foreign child is to 
the Chinese. 

The children are glad to get out for a walk, away from these nine-feet-high walls 
of a courtyard in which they play. They are not with the native children, unless we do 
leave home. The courts being private, the gatekeeper does not allow any one to 
enter except those who have business. 

God bless and keep us all under the shadow of the Almighty. 

Peking, China. 


Annual Report 


The missionary wife and mother has a large and busy field ever before her. Though 
she may not be assigned some special line, as are the others of the field, yet her work 
is always a special one. There are always so many little things coming from without 
and within the home to occupy her time. 

The past year has been busy and full, and sometimes we stop in amazement and 
wonder where the time is going. As much as possible we kept studying the language 
with the teacher. It seemingly is an incessant grind, and we expect to continue for 
some years. 

Our bunch of happy schoolboys, numbering thirty-five to forty, needed constant 
overseeing, and it naturally fell to my lot to do this as the other workers had their 
tasks and were already busy. We often had amusing times, scrubbing their necks and 
ears, doping their heads for lice, and seeing that they took their weekly bath. They 
frequently came to me with their little aches and pains and hurt fingers and I tried to 
mother them. They do like to be loved, and we love them, too. Some of them were 
very poor and we saw that they had proper clothing. For quite a while I weighed out 
their daily portion of food, but a trusty helper sees to that now. 

The doctor needed help in treating the patients. He was not able to converse with 
them, and some one must come to his assistance. This again fell to my lot, as the 
other workers were already engaged and busy, so we acted as interpreter for the doctor 
as well as assisting with many of the patients, especially in operations, and keeping 
most of the records. A few of the cases required the whole day — confinements, and 
those to distant villages to see the sick. On such occasions the ever-recurring thought 
was, "How are my own little ones faring at home?" When the doctor was gone to 
T'ai Ku for a few months, I took care of the patients alone, helping many and sending 
others away whom I could not help, urging them to return after the doctor arrived. 

Besides the duties coming from without the home there are many within, for where 
there are little ones to be cared for there are ever countless duties to be performed. 
Esther had to have regular lessons, and only her mother had the time to teach her. 
For her to progress meant regular and sys- 
tematic work, which we tried to do fore- 
noons. Cathryn needed some entertainments 
at these times, especially on cold days when 
she could not play out of doors. And little 
Mary, our treasured baby, was always ten- 
der and delicate and required careful nurs- 
ing and watching, but late in the summer, 
when we thought the dangers of the season 
were over, she became fatally ill, and soon 
left us for the " home over there." It was 
all so sudden that we could scarcely realize 
it as truth, but the loneliness that followed, 
and the empty arms, brought us to a con- 
sciousness of her tender beckonings. So the 
year brought us joys and sorrows and rich 
blessings. We can not give a record of 
great things but we find joy in the doing of 
the little things that come to us daily. 

" Be ye strong, and let not your hands be 
slack; for your work shall be rewarded" (2 
Chron. IS: 7). 

Liao Hsien, Shansi, China, March 3, 1915. 

The Bright and Bruhaker Children on Va- 
cation at " the Hills." 

Annual Report 29 

Work Among the Women at Liao Hsien. 

During 1914 this line of work opened up beyond our expectations. With the be- 
ginning of the year, language study being pretty well out of the way, we began more 
definite and systematic work among the women. In this Sister Cripe assisted until the 
opening of the Girls' School in September. Then a native woman of the city, whom 
we now term our " Bible woman," was secured as a companion in visiting in the homes, 
and as helper in the work, though as yet she needs to be taught much before she can 
be of any great service. However, being a woman of fine character and sweet disposi- 
tion, taking readily to the truths, we feel hopeful for her future service. Already she 
is learning to read nicely and is putting to practice her faith in the true God by turning 
away from every form of idol-worship, even influencing her husband to take his stand 
with her in her new belief. 

Most of our work among the women is done directly in the homes, and we are 
thankful for new homes that are opening- up all the time, there being at present some 
one hundred or more that are open to our teaching. With but few exceptions all seem 
glad for the gospel message. But oh, how much teaching is needed to bring them to 
the gospel standard! It must indeed be "line upon line, precept upon precept," ere 
they even begin to comprehend the riches in Christ Jesus. 

In our visits we find homes of all classes, both as to wealth and morality. At times 
we are surprised to note the low state of morality in which some are living, and are 
made to wonder if it is possible ever to raise them to the Christian standard of purity 
of heart and life. God's grace only can do it. Again, we are surprised to see the re- 
finement, high standard, and excellent spirit that prevail in some homes in spite of sur- 
rounding heathendom. Then, indeed, we thank God with a deep joy for the privilege 
of coming to China to tell the message of salvation to such waiting ones. Yes, for all 
who will be saved our coming is worth while, and we pray more and more to " become 
all things to all men that we might by all means save some." 

We are pleased to note the progress of some of our women in learning to sing the 
" good old songs of Zion." At first afraid to hear their own voices, they now launch 
out boldly and can sing some of the songs entirely through from memory, even carry- 
ing the tunes. Some lead in public prayer, and twenty at present are learning to read 
— an unexpected condition, the work being so recently opened up in this city, and, too, 
heretofore there having been no provision whatever for the education of the women 
and girls of the place. A number of these are eagerly taking up the work and making 
rapid progress in their reading, though others are very dull. With the exception of one 
afternoon each week, when a number of the women gather at our home to read, all 
teaching is done individually at their own homes. Each Sunday during the past year a 
Bible class has been held for the women and girls, first in our home and later in the 
Girls' School building, with an average attendance of twenty or more. On Christmas 
Day the little schoolroom was packed and a number were in the court, there being more 
than 120 in attendance. As yet we have no chapel or building for the women's work. 
Neither have we been able to go to the villages or outstations, as our time has been 
fully occupied with city work. We need another sister who can devote her entire time 
to village work, as there are some 300 villages in the Liao district alone. 

We have had no women opium patients since the work was opened up here. In 
fact, we know of few women in the city who are addicted to the habit. Much, very 
much, teaching is required to bring these women into the light of the Gospel, but we 
praise God that some are quite near the kingdom. The Gospel is slowly yet surely 
winning its way into their hearts. We pray for more love, more grace, more patience, 
and more willingness to sacrifice and be sacrificed for the souls of these, our dark- 
skinned sisters of China. They, too, are precious in His sight, for they have been 
bought with a price. 

"Teach me thy way, O Lord" (Psa. 86: 11). 

30 Annual Report 


Medical Work for Liao Chou for 1914. 

During the months of November and December Dr. Brubaker and family were in 
Tai Ku Hsien, in language study. During the doctor's absence the work was looked 
after by Mrs. Bright. 

Our stay at Tai Ku is very much appreciated and we are very thankful to our 
mission for allowing us this much time off. 

Number of patients treated (representing about 650 individuals), 1,200 

Number major operations, 12 

Number minor operations, 250 

Number in-patients 18 

Number professional calls to Ping Ting, 1 

Number professional services to missionaries aside from our own mission, 11 

Number Opium Refuge patients 

Number patients treated on itinerating trips (this is not included in the above), .. . 150 
Amount donations from the natives (this includes the daily admission fee and 

charges for medicine) (Mex.), $ 25 


Our coming to China has been one of the. happiest experiences we have ever en- 
joyed. We arrived in Peking Sept. 7, last, and since then have been busily engaged in 
language study. Every passing week adds a little to our vocabulary, and indeed it 
gives one great satisfaction to understand some of what these people say and to be 
able to talk a little to them in their own language. We often get out to the markets 
and other public places and converse with the people; also go to one of the missions 
on Sunday and listen to a Chinese sermon. These experiences help us very much in 
getting a hearing and a speaking knowledge of the language. 

We have heard people say that the study of the Chinese language is very hard and 
distasteful. We will agree that it is not an easy task; but we enjoy it and find it in- 
tensely interesting. We used to find Latin and such like quite dry and uninteresting, 
but when one is studying a language like this, in which every word gained brings us 
closer to these people in their extreme need, the language is indeed a live one. It is 
said that when one has a definite goal ahead, which he is anxious to reach, work be- 
comes a pleasure. Thus, as we look to the time when we hope to bring the glad news 
of salvation to these people in heathen darkness, our study becomes interesting. 

How pitiful it is to see these people falling down before their gods of wood and 
stone, which cannot lift their little finger to help them! Thousands, especially the stu- 
dents, who have some knowledge of the world, are beginning to see the folly of idol 
worship and are more than ready to listen to a Gospel that gives them a living God 
Who can love them and help them out of their troubles. " But how can they know 
without a teacher?" The harvest is ripe and many are going down to eternal darkness 
because there is no one to tell them of a Savior. Do you wonder that the few workers 
on the fields are overwhelmed with their duties? How can a conscientious one, with 
the salvation of souls at heart, help but overstrain under such conditions? Just a few 
days ago we read in the paper that throughout the empire large cities, hitherto closed 
to all Christian effort, are being thrown open, and invitations are extended by the offi- 
cials for missionaries to come in and teach Christianity. 

Do you wonder that we are happy in China with such opportunities before us? 
There is no place in the whole world where we would rather be. The one great trial 
we have is just to be patient long enough to get the language. Come over and help us. 
And you, who must stay at home and look after the stuff, remember that if you handle 
it properly you will share equally with him who is at the battle front. ' ' 

Annual Report 31 


A Foreword. 

The year 1914 is the twentieth in the history of our mission in India, and in 
many ways it has been a remarkable one. There have been keen joys and great 
blessings; there has been sickness and even death among our missionaries; 
there has been extreme difficulty in manning our stations and adequately caring 
for our work. Exceptional opportunities for advancement in the work went by 
unused on account of the scarcity of able-bodied zvorkers. After long and 
careful consideration it was decided to sell out our interests in the Pimpalner 
station to another mission, that also saw the open doors. Vada had to be with- 
out a missionary during the whole year. How do you read this? Do "you lay 
the blame on us and say zve undertook too. much and think we should give up 
the field, to zvork which Bro. Berkebile exhausted his strength and Bro. Bru- 
baker virtually gave his life blood? Or is it a call from the Captain of our sal- 
vation-to you to give yourself to help in this great work? Churches are ready 
to support missionaries; are the young men of the church willing to say the 
work lags because I am not willing to go? Are they? 

We have not lost hope. We do believe' in the power of God and in His 
Gospel. We have not lost faith in the willingness of our young men and women 
of America to respond to this mighty call of God. But zve have been wonderinr/ 
how long it will be till reinforcements will come. As we see thousands of sol- 
diers move about the country, almost petulant in their eagerness to go to the 
front, which they know may mean death, zve do have to wonder why there are 
not more soldiers of the cross pushing to the front to fill the gaps in our ranks. 
The keenest pain of the broken-down missionary is not physical suffering, but 
the sorrow of heart in seeing his work suffer because there are not other workers 
available to take his place. 

We present the report of the work of the year. Not all is written that was 
done. We can not claim that the most important has been written. But we 
have tried to faithfully show development and progress, and it is our hope that 
the reader may find in it abundant evidence that the Lord is leading and blessing. 
The tables given will furnish abundant material for Sunday-school Missionary 
Secretaries and speakers in missionary meetings. But they must be studied and 
comparisons made. 

We were all exceedingly glad for the visit of the two elders from America 
at the beginning of the year. Association with them, opportunity to show them 
at first hand the work as we see it, to present our problems and receive their 
suggestions, to have them preach to our Indian brethren and sisters, to have 
them in our Indian homes and visit with us, to have them worship with us and 
pray for us — these were all keen pleasures and the benefit was much. We hearti- 
ly invite them to come again and stay longer the next time. 

Just before we close our report the party of missionaries from America 
arrived safe and well. We are so glad for their return and for the coming of 
Dr. Nickey. There are yet others of our number detained in America on ac- 
count of ill health. May the Lord be graciously near them and bring them back 
also, if that be pleasing in His sight. We shall await with eager interest news 
from the coming Annual Meeting, and sincerely hope that a goodly company of 
recruits may be assigned to our field. 

" Great is our Lord, and of great power: His understanding is infinite." 

J. B. Emmert. 


Annual Report 


Brother and Sister W„ B. Stover, with two children, Helen and Daniel; Brother 
and Sister Ira iVrnold, with one child, Barbara; Sister Ida C. Himmelsbaugh, nurse; 
Sister Kathryn Ziegler. 


Bro. S. N. McCann and wife came to Anklesvar in 1899. They entered into the 
needful work of building, together with what came at that time, the pressing needs of 
the famine. An orphanage was established. In 1905 Sister Mary N. Quinter had 
general charge of the orphanage, so that the missionary could give himself more freely 
to evangelistic work. In 1907, June, Stovers came, in 1910 Sister Himmelsbaugh, and 
in 1911 Sister Ziegler. 

The town is a normal India town, with crooked, narrow streets, and a population 
altogether out of proportion to the size of the place. With Anklesvar as a center, 
forty villages are within six miles of the mission home, and as many of the indigenous 
tribes. The outlook is very encouraging, from a missionary point of view. 

The Bungalows, Anklesvar. 



The whole year has been put in at the work right here. Going and coming to the 
villages which surround Anklesvar, spending a night with the Christian family at 
this place, and a half day with another family at that place, sometimes getting out 
farther away from our center, into the open and unworked regions beyond — this has 
been the nature of my work pretty much the whole year. Forty-two have been added 
to the church by baptism, and some ten disowned for cause. Most of these have been 
received into the fold again, for which we are indeed glad. 

A brother had grown cold. He had gone back. He was worshiping idols and 
drinking and doing all the rest of it. We had called a meeting, and then another, and 
another still. I dread to disfellowship a human being! Finally, several brethren 
agreed to pray for him. It was done unceasingly. He was told they wanted to come 
to his house for a prayer meeting. He said, "Certainly; why not?" and set the eve- 
ning. But before the evening came he sent word that another evening would suit him 
better. They agreed. Then later he changed date again. They agreed. He had prom- 
ised. It was only a matter of time now. Wheri,the evening came, so also came some 
forty Christians together, and he, to be equal to the emergency, gave tea to the whole 
lot of them! And when he gave, then his heart was open, and he has been "good" 
ever since. 

We used to pray that the people would come to us, feeling that we would be able 
to touch them better if they came to us than if we came to them. Booth-Tucker it was 

Annual Report 33 

who told me years ago that this would be the successful way of reaching the people of 
India, which way was not yet used by missionaries. Now it has come to be our happy 
lot that hardly a day passes without people coming to our home. Under every sort of 
need they come, and we have them with us daily. When I am out they go away, and 
come again when I am at home. Thus is opened to us a great door of entrance, for 
we both go to them and they come to us. For this condition we are unceasingly 

We have done little street preaching in Anklesvar itself, preferring to make 
our efforts in connection with the village people, and with the schools we have located 
among the villages. By so doing, we reach two generations at once: the children 
with primary truth, and the older folk with the same message. 

Among the village Christians only a few have yet become habituated to keeping 
the Lord's Day. This will follow, for when they give thanks always before they eat, 
attend prayers daily, and never deny that they are Christians, they have taken a long 
step forward. 


In the table which follows, Anklesvar shows fifteen sub-stations. By that is 
meant a place where a teacher lives, who may teach or he may not, all depending upon 
his opportunity. In some of these sub-stations the teacher, who is often called a lay- 
evangelist, has a regular full-fledged day-school, equipped and equaling in every way 
the government schools. In others he may have a night-school, there being a govern- 
ment school in the village, and not enough children for both. And yet, in other vil- 
lages, this lay-evangelist becomes less teacher and more evangelist, not being able to 
get the children off their daily round to come to school. Then he visits them in the 
day, and calls them together for prayers in the night. With these lay-evangelists is 
our larger hope. We with them do largely what is called our village educational work, 
as well as our evangelistic work in the villages. The past year, oft on Saturdays, I 
got these teachers together and worked out with them, and for them, a sermon outline 
for the following day. Then sent them back with the message. This is good some- 
times. Too oft indulged it would breed dependence. In other villages we have men 
teach night-school who work on the farm during the day. They reach farmer boys 
very well. 


As during the several years before going home on furlough I had done, so I am 
doing now: I have permitted myself to be used on the municipality of Anklesvar 
representing the government. This requires about four hours in two weeks, and gives 
me also an entrance into the thought and life of certain people who otherwise would 
not appreciate our being among them. Moreover, it gives me an opportunity to see 
how other people look upon problems much like what we have to solve. 


Our little Gujerati monthly paper, the Prakash Patra (Pru-kosh' Put'-rah), has 
been in my hands and on my heart throughout the year. One issue was specially de- 
voted to temperance, 3,000 copies. The regular edition is 500 copies monthly. It does 
not pay itself yet, in dollars, but we think it more than pays in creating a spirit for the 
Lord and His church. 

Colporter Work. 

Recently our colporter said he met a high-caste man, a Hindoo, who urged others 
to buy a Testament. He said he had one, and it was good for him to have. On being 
asked what sect he followed he said he had dropped all that, and was following as best 
he could the teaching of the One Who was so prominently mentioned in the Good 
Book. He is not a Christian, but certainly belongs to that increasing number of those 
who are seeking after God. 


Annual Report 


The wives of missionaries are always busy. Usually we are overcrowded with 
duties, and obliged to leave many things undone, yet at the close of another year, when 
looking back and attempting to make a statement of what has been accomplished, we 
say to each other: "What have I done?" or, "I have nothing to report." The fact is 
simply this, that what we have done does not fit into a report so very well. 

Our home at Anklesvar has come to be a place of considerable coming and go- 
ing. We used to wish for the day when the people would find reason to come to us. 
That day is upon us. It is a part of the wife's duties to see that visitors or callers are 
made comfortable. No little time goes in this way, for very often people are with us 
the greater part of the day. These all give opportunity for advice and help. It is part 
of the sowing beside all waters. Some of our number have been able to go frequently 
to visit the people in the villages. I have been able to do very little of that, but I have 
been caring for the home when others were away. 

The daily Bible study and prayers, the men's and women's separately, have con- 
tinued uninterruptedly throughout the year. Thursday afternoons the women have met 
for Bible study and prayer each week, with but few exceptions. On Sundays we have 
had the regular preaching services, Sunday-school, and Christian Workers' Meeting. Our 
regular congregation in our town of Anklesvar numbers between forty and fifty. On 
Sunday evening frequently parties go to villages for preaching, so that we do not have 
an evening meeting in the compound. 

Occasionally we invite the Christians from farther villages for a " big day," and 
then we have as many as 200 for a day or two. 

There are many little things to be done, which are likely to be wearying, because 
they do not come under the head of definite mission work. There are the accounts to 
keep; there are the supplies to be ordered, many of them from Bombay, and business 
letters to be written; there are repairs to be made and skillful watching, that there 
be as little waste or misuse as possible. Each missionary must be willing to be used 
as much as need be in little ways. Blessed is the one who does not get discouraged 
when so much time and effort are spent in looking after the little things that some one 
must do, and which can, after all, scarcely be called mission work. 

During the year we have had illness among our people, and a number of deaths. 
We have wept together with the bereaved when loved ones were called away; we have 
rejoiced together when the Lord added to the church such as should be saved. We 
have great reason to praise our Father for health and kind friends, both for our family 
on the field, and our little ones in America. Let us trust Him for the future. "All 
things work together for good to them that love God" (Rom. 8: 28). 

AC.S. .... 







1 • -'*' a 

After a " Big- Meeting-." 

Some remained over night and are leaving- next morning 

Annual Report 35 














? : ; • 

j B 




■ : . 

The Widows' Home at Anklesvar. 


Again another twelve months have gone and we stand on the threshold of a new 
year. We tremble as we look over the border line and wonder what this new year will 
bring to lis. We look back and rejoice over the blessings the old year gave us. He 
has given us service and we have been happy. Have we been busy? We have, and al- 
though the greater part of the year I was very much hampered because I had to do 
my work with one hand, and it was all I could do to keep up with the work, yet I did 
not despair, for I know I am where He wants me to be, and He will not fail me. Now 
I have learned to do almost as well with one hand as I used to do with two. 

The dispensary was open every day of the year except Sunday and there has not 
been a day without some medical work to do, and sometimes more than I could do. 
During the month of December it was necessary to have Sister Ziegler help me for a 
few weeks. 

It has been my great joy and privilege to have two of our missionaries in our 
home to care for, and oh, what a joy it is! And, too, what a blessed privilege to wel- 
come the dear little ones into this beautiful world! Since my hand is getting better I 
have had so much work right here in the town of Anklesvar. Some days I have as 
many as five calls to come and give treatments. That, along with the other work, 
makes a full day. Then there are not a few calls to go and sit by the bed of a sick 
woman through the long hours of the night; yet that is where we get the best oppor- 
tunity to have an undisturbed talk about the Book that never grows old. 

In July the Widows' Home was transferred here, and since then I have had that 
work, too. There were just three women and two little ones then, but since then it has 
grown till now we have seven women and eight children. I had two of the dearest lit- 
tle brown babies in the bungalow, but God wanted the dear little buds for His kingdom, 
and so they have gone to live with Him. One we had in the house five months and 
the other just six weeks. How we missed them when they were gone, for they had 
been such a joy and comfort! 

Now we all know that in a family of fifteen there is not always harmony, and 
there have been days when it took reasoning, coaxing, scolding, and spanking, but 
those days were few and generally they have been a happy family. Now generally 
when trouble arises in camp they try to make peace themselves, for they know I am 
busy and they really try to be helpful. Now do you not think it is a great joy to help 
such to a closer walk with the sinless One? 


Annual Report 

Then the evangelistic side. Oh, how we rejoice when we can get away from the 
daily round and spend an evening or even a few days out in the villages! That is a 
joy that I can not express. Not long ago, after a long, hard pull at home, we found 
time to go out to a near-by village for an evening, and the teacher said, " Miss Sahib, 
we have looked for you as eagerly as we look for the rains when monsoon is near." 
The tears welled up in my eyes and I could not trust myself to speak. What a sug- 
gestive expression! I. could give many more such experiences, but I must hasten on. 
How I do dove these brown people! God bless them and raise up more workers to 
help shepherd them. Come, help, for the harvest is white and the laborers are few. 

Aaklesvar Sisters' Sewing' Circle. 


The work in the villages during the year just closed had an unusual number ot 
hindrances, so that there was considerably less accomplished than in other years. In 
the early part of the year we had an accident on one of our village trips, from which I 
felt the effects for a month and could not tour. The hottest two months were spent at 
a hill station. Part of the time I was needed in the home because of sickness, both 
here and in the town at the same time, making it difficult for Sister Himmelsbaugh to 
perform the duties usually devolving on her. Thus other duties often kept me at home. 
But whether we are engaged in our particular work or not, if our time is spent for the 
good of others we know we have God's approval. 

I did not keep a strict account of the village visits, but I made about fifty. Prog- 
ress = among the village women is still slow, yet it is interesting. During the year only 
two women were baptized. One is old and so not easily made to feel her need of a 
Savior. It is not an exception but the rule, for old people like her not to pay much 
attention to your pleading. Yes, one dear old mother began the new life, but through 
the year many have heard the Message of Truth and a number have promised soon to 
join the Christian people. Man}' are very indifferent and as soon as you take up the' 
subject of religion they seem not to understand what you say. Talking on other sub- 
jects they have no trouble to understand. Wives of some of our teachers who live in 
the villages do good work among the women. Living right among the people their 
opportunities are many. 

So we continue our work with the full assurance that some day the seed that is 
being sown will spring up and bring fruit manyfold. We ask you to join us in prayer 
for our very small number of Bhil women who have been admitted into the church, 

Annual Report 37 

that they may remain steadfast and be an encouragement and help to others in leading 
a better life. 

After the rains began and I could not go out to do district work I spent some time 
each day with our women in reviewing the Sunday-school lessons. This was prepara- 
tory to their taking the All-India Sunday-school examination the latter part of July. 
I also had the privilege to help care for two motherless brown babies that we took 
into our home. They won our hearts in the short time that we had them and we 
missed them much after they were gone. They were not for this world. 

Sisters' Aid Society. 

The weekly sewing class was opened to provide our Indian Christian women living 
here on the compound an opportunity to do something for the Lord. We met several 
times before the close of 1913. The first article made was a quilt, which was given to 
a Christian family who had been burned out. During the year 1914 we had thirty-two 
meetings, with an average attendance of ten. Three quilt tops were made and sold, 
and the money was sent to the British and Foreign Bible Society to be used in the 
printing of Bibles. At present the treasury is empty, but several articles are about 
ready for sale. The things do not get finished very fast, as the sewing is all done by 
hand. Some we had to teach to sew, while others could sew beautifully. Sometimes 
they have sewing of their own; then they bring it to sew. The meetings are closed 
with singing, Scripture reading, and prayer. 

Ankles var. 

Our first year in India has quickly and pleasantly passed. The many novelties at 
our arrival here have become the customary daily scenes about us. The strange "jum- 
ble jabber " from the tongues of these strange people is rendering itself into articulate 
sounds of definite meanings. But we are yet far from being fluent in Gujarati. 

Our only regular work has been language study, the first year's course of which 
has been almost completed. A satisfactory teacher is not easy to get. In fact, one 
must be his own teacher for the most part. We have had no less than eight different 
teachers during the year — Hindu, Mohammedan, and Christian. Some of them have come 
regularly, while others have been very irregular. Some have stayed with us only a few 
days, while others have taught us for two or three months. But as to teaching, they 
have done very little but answer questions which we asked. 

Since August I have acted as teacher for a class of Sunday-school boys, and though 
often unable to understand or be understood, yet by means of pictures, maps, pencils, 
paper, colors, paste, and scissors, our hours have been pleasantly spent. Seven times 
during Bro. Stover's absence I preached for the people here, twice through an interpreter 
and five times in the Gujarati. I assisted one of the Indian brethren in holding a 
Sunday-school examination in one of the villages, and have gone with others several 
times to hold night meetings in different villages. 

As Sister Arnold was not well, we spent the hot season, April and May, at Bulsar, 
to be nearer our good doctors and to avoid the extreme heat at Anklesvar (Unkl- 

Nov. 21 a little daughter, Barbara Catharine, came into our home. This adds the 
joy that only a child can bring. We pray for grace to bring her up in the way of 
the Master. 

We are glad that the Lord has called us to this needy field; we thank Him for the 
many blessings He has showered upon us, and we pray that He will speedily loosen our 
tongues that we may be of greater service in His cause. 

" Oh give thanks unto Jehovah; for He is good; for His lovingkindness endureth 
for ever" (Psa. 136: 1). 

38 Annual Report 



John I. Kaylor and wife, in charge; Anna M. Eby and B. Mary Royer, in language 

Short History. 

After several preliminary trips to Ahwa (Ah'wah) the center of the Dang (Dong) 
Forests, about fortj^-eight miles from the railway station at Vyara (Vyah'rah), Bro. 
Stover located a few Indian workers in this new and untried field. They soon became 
sick and discouraged, and not much telling work was done till the Pittengers located 
there early in 1907. For six full years they toiled early and late among the ignorant, 
superstitious people of the wooded mountains. They had to build a bungalow. And 
no one knows what that meant, so far from the regular markets, so far from good car- 
penters, painters, and masons, until our brother and sister found out. They told us in 
part; the rest is yet to be told. Their labor has not been in vain. There is a little 
church established and several good schools are organized. Generally, the government 
officials are friendly. It has meant much and will continue to mean more self-denial 
and hard, patient toil, but these people of the jungle are ready to be won to the 
Lord. A railway is being built to within a day's journey of Ahwa, which will be a great 
boon to the missionaries at this station. Brother and lister Kaylor have cared for the 
work during the furlough of the Pittengers. 

Ahwa is the government headquarters of the Dangs State. This state is a forest 
tract of about 1,000 square miles, with a population of 30.000. The people are of the 
aboriginal tribes, illiterate and superstitious. Government has no schools in the state. 
The mission has now five schools operated in as man^' different villages. As long as 
the mission will take charge of the school work, government will aid but not operate 
schools. A great opportunity is in our hands! 


Jan. 1, 1914, did not find us at our station, but at Bulsar (Bul'sar) where we were 
attending the preliminary conference with Brethren Early and Royer. Then on our 
way towards Ahwa, we stopped at Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) over night, and saw Sister 
Quinter for the last time. Then on to Vyara (Vyah'rah), and after getting our goods 
in shape for the cart trip, came on to Ahwa (Ah'wah) about the 8th. As we do not get 
out to the railway more than two to four times a year, we need to get many things 
for ourselves and our people. Having been away from our jungle home since Dec. 1, 
many things needed attention, and took several days to get in running order again. 
Then we were favored with the all-too-short two days' visit of Brethren Early and 
Royer. Bro. Long accompanied them to show them the way here, and then on across 
the mountains to Pimpalner (Pim-pul-neer'). While here, by the decision and authority 
of District Meeting, Bro. Long organized the Ahwa congregation into a separate 
church. A deacon, secretary-treasurer, Sunday-school superintendent, and delegates to 
Annual Meeting and District Meeting were elected. Bro. Long was chosen elder till 
a resident elder could take charge. 

By the middle of February we were again traveling, to attend the District and 
Committee Meetings at Anklesvar (Unkl-esh'wer), where the brethren from home gave 
us much inspiration by their presence and advice. As we returned home Brother and 
Sister Holsopple came with us for a visit. When returning with them to Vyara, I 
took the opportunity to visit the American Marathi Mission at Ahmednagar (Ah-med- 
nug-gar), twenty-four hours' travel from Vyara. I went in search of teachers for our 
village schools, which are far too few. and have become fewer the last year, because of 
much sickness, dissatisfaction, and unfaithfulness among the masters: but I came back 
empty-handed. After attending a call committee meeting at Vali (Vul'ly) I returned 
to the work at Ahwa, and staid by it through the hot season. This is a time when 

Annual Report 39 

many things need to be done in preparation for the rains, that begin about June 5-10. 
During this season the special work that was on hand was the building of a barn and 
the deepening of our well. Bro. Pittenger had dug down into a hard layer of rock, but 
not to a sufficient depth to supply water through the hot season. Having secured a 
couple of men, who were supposed to know the business, and the necessary materials, 
we started to drill holes and to blast, but the rock did not yield to our efforts to any 
great extent, so we were able only to make it a couple of feet deeper, and did not increase 
the water supply at all. So for 1915 we are still face to face with the usual thing of 
hauling water from other wells a half or three-quarters of a mile away, and of again 
trying to break the rock. We have a windmill here ready to erect when there is suffi- 
cient water to justify its use. 

It was decided by the field committee that Sisters Eby and Royer were to live at 
Ahwa during the rains. So the latter part of May another trip to the railroad was made 
in order to bring them in, and a very pleasant one it was, too, considering the time of 
year. For two persons or a family to live out at a place like this, and not see other 
white faces perhaps for months, it gets lonesome and monotonous, and the heart be- 
comes hungry for association. So this coming of the sisters was a great blessing in 
many ways during these long rainy months, when little or no travel is attempted, al- 
though in July I did try the jungle roads and rivers, and went out to the committee 
meeting at Bulsar. The smaller streams could be forded easily, sitting on the horse; 
others had to be waded as the horse was liable to slip on the rocks and fall. At one 
large river eight or ten villagers were called. They collected a number of bamboos 
and tied them together, and we all held to this and swam across. But it was the most 
trying to the one that stayed at home, not knowing what might happen to one traveling 
at such a time, and being unable to hear for several days; and the post had been 
stopped, too, on account of high waters. But all was done in safety, to the praise of 
the All-protecting Hand. 

During the rains some studying can be done, but little can be accomplished without 
a teacher. 

As. soon as the rains were over much other work was ready to be done. The 
grass-cutting came on and we put up enough for our cattle and horses for the year. 
A veranda being needed on the east side of this bungalow, logs were to be cut and 
hauled, and sawed by hand. 

In May one of our Christian girls was stolen away. When the police were trying 
to catch one of the thieves with whom she was, he resisted with firearms, so the police 
had to shoot him down, and in so doing she also was shot. This made us all feel very 
bad, as she was such a nice-appearing girl. She had been married once, but would not 
live with her husband, so came and lived with her father, and then had been baptized. 
There were four thieves in the gang. Two were caught and punished; one is yet at 

Our school work decreased some the last year. This is due to several causes. The 
parents and children do not realize the value of an education, and so take little interest 
in regular attendance. If the teacher then does not take the proper interest and make 
it attractive for the children, it is all the harder to get them to come. Every day the 
teacher has to go out through the village and bring the boys in, but when they see him 
coming they run away with all their might and hide. So it is not an easy problem 
from this standpoint. Then several of the teachers were sick, and others left for 
different reasons, so three of our schools had to be closed, only temporarily, though, 
we hope; for as soon as we can secure other teachers we will reopen. In every station 
at times it seems that the work lags and drops back. So it has been at Ahwa the past 
year. Prospects are brighter now, and we are getting some new men; so we hope with 
Bro. Pittenger's coming the work will move forward and increase. 

Along medical lines very little was done. Medicines for fever, itch, worms, and a 
few other simple remedies were given out. A professional doctor is very much needed 
here in the Dangs. I was talking the oth&r day with the English officer who has direct 

40 Annual Report 

control of the Dangs, and he insisted that we put a doctor here, as it would be the 
very best thing that we could do to open and spread our work effectually among these 
people. True, there are government doctors here, but they do so little that they hard- 
ly merit the name, and in a serious case we would not like to risk them to carry it 
through. Along the railroad there are man}' hospitals within easy reach, but here none. 
WHO WILL BE THE NEXT to come to the field, to take up this IMPORTANT 


There is no glowing report for me to give of successful and encouraging touring 
trips, of days and weeks spent out in real active service, but rather the contrary. My 
line of activity has mainly been inactivity, in so far as working away from home is 
concerned. Ten trips were made to the various villages in company with my husband. 
They should be many more, both for their good and my own encouragement. But, 
because of the difficult roads to travel by wagon, which takes so much more time than 
by horseback on footpaths, I mainly must stay behind and watch him ride off alone, 
with a yearning desire to go along. If I were a good horsewoman and had a good 
horse at command, I might get more accomplished along this line, but these are as yet 
unfulfilled desires. 

Meanwhile there is the round of duties to do at home, and one is called upon 
many times a day to help one or another of the Christians. It may be to cut their 
clothing and help them put it together. Perhaps help the women by teaching them to 
knit little hoods and stockings for their babies for the cold mornings; give them med- 
icine for some little ailment; or perhaps some of the non-Christian friends from the vil- 
lage have had the misfortune to have a hole chewed in their umbrella by rats, or their 
clothing had a hole burnt in it by lying too close to the fire in their effort to keep 
warm, and so we are called upon not only to furnish the material but to mend the 
article. And so each day is filled. 

Each week the Christian women gather for a Bible lesson. We have studied the 
"Women of the Bible" and seen their lives and work; made a special study of Esther 
and Ruth; have taken the outstanding works of Jesus among men; now are studying 
the life of David. In these meetings memory verses are committed, and in their 
homes those who cannot read and write are being taught to do so, that they may be 
able to read the Scriptures for themselves. 

A little class of girls has been taught to sew and use the crochet hook; and al- 
though not experts in the art, they have made splendid progress. 

On Sundays two or three parties of twos go out to the different parts of our village 
or to other villages to preach the Gospel. Their audience may be two or four, out on 
their threshing floor; or perchance a group of men from a distant village get to hear 
the story while they sit and rest. There may be a few women found who stayed at 
home with the babies, or to grind while the rest were out doing some work. They sit 
and we talk of things of common interest and then lead them to think of the better life. 

Among God's people a sifting process is sometimes necessary. There may be sin 
in the camp which hinders progress. There has been some sifting done, and though we 
are some fewer in number we believe we are none the weaker. With the new year new 
life has come, new methods of work adopted, and we are encouraged and hope for re- 


The first five months of the year we enjoyed the privilege of study in the Poona 
Language School. The school afforded good opportunites for the acquisition of the 
Marathi (Mur-rot-ty) language and we felt greatty benefited by being there. 

We were assigned to Ahwa (Ah'-wah) for the remaining part of the year to con- 
tinue our study. 

Annual Report 41 

The teacher with whom we were expecting to study was unable to give us more 
than a few weeks of his time during these months. One cannot study a foreign lan- 
guage, to an advantage, without the help of a teacher. Hence our progress in the 
language was retarded. 

However, we are thankful for the privilege of having spent some months in the 
Dang (Dong) Forest. We are now better acquainted with that field and the vast op- 
portunity for mission work there. We can more fully appreciate the situation of those 
who are stationed there permanently. Ahwa is a lonely spot in the jungle, and those 
who work that field must undergo many inconveniences and isolation. 

Much might be told about the struggles and hardships endured by those who be- 
gan and carried on the work so faithfully. Again, much might be told of the trans- 
formation of some lives in this hill country. 

As observers for six months we conclude that the efforts put forth have not been in 
vain. The intercession of the church in behalf of her representatives at this place has 
been heard by the Father and He is blessing the work. 

We were unable to get out among the people during this monsoon season on 
account of the heavy rains. But the little part we had on Sunday with the children was 
a real joy and inspiration to us. 

Though we were unable to help Brother and Sister Kaylor in the problems they 
had to face, it was a privilege to pray with them about the work intrusted to their 



J. M. Blough and wife; Ida C. Shumaker; Q. A. Holsopple and wife; S. Olive Wid- 
dowson; A. Raymond Cottrell, M. D.; Laura M. Cottrell, M. D. 

Short History. 

Brother and Sister Stover and Sister Bertha Ryan came to Bulsar (Bul-sar') March, 
1895. Here they established our first mission station in India. In December of the 
same year Bro. D. L. Miller visited the field, and early the next year the first converts 
were baptized. That year was a famine year and relief work was undertaken. The 
two boarding-schools, one for boys and one for girls, were established. Sister Ryan 
gave most of her time to the boarding-school work until her return to America in the 
fall of 1899. In 1899-1900 there was a very heavy famine and much relief work was 
undertaken. The boarding-school work also was greatly enlarged. Land was secured 
and a bungalow and other buildings were erected. In 1901 Sister Eliza B. Miller took 
charge of the Girls' Boarding-school and remained in this position until 1912, except 
during her year's furlough in 1907-08, during which time Sister Mary X. Quinter had 
the oversight. Brother and Sister Adam Ebey were in charge of the general work 
while Brother and Sister Stover took their first furlough in 1901-02. In 1904 Bro. Em- 
mert enlarged the industrial work, erecting shops and introducing new machinery and 
methods. He continued more or less to look after this work until a few months ago, 
when Bro. Holsopple took charge of it. While Brother and Sister Emmert were on 
furlough a native man assisted in the industrial work. Brother and Sister Blough took 
the general oversight of the work at Bulsar in 1904. In 1908 a large, substantial church 
was erected. Brother and Sister Blough continued in charge until they went on fur- 
lough in 1911. Then Brother and Sister Emmert had not only to look after the indus- 
trial work and the boarding-school, but also the large, growing church. Sister Quinter 
had charge of the boys in the boarding-school three years and Sister Powell assisted 
in this work in 1911. At the beginning of 1912 Sister Shumaker assumed the care of 
the Girls' Boarding-school. In 1914 she organized a kindergarten class, which has been 
very successful. In May, 1913, the Bloughs returned to Bulsar and he opened the 

42 Annual Report 

Bible School. Emmerts were transferred and Brother and Sister Holsopple took 
charge of the boarding-school and industrial work. Drs. A. Raymond and Laura M. 
Cottrell located here for language study at the close of 1913, and Sister Widdowson 
took up the work among the women when, on account of ill health, the Bloughs found 
it necessary to discontinue their work in September, 1914. 

Bulsar County, with 200 square miles, has a population of about 90,000, 16,000 
being in the town of Bulsar. The Brethren Mission is the only one working here. 
Adjoining on the east is Chikli (Chick'ly) County, about as large as Bulsar, with 60,000. 
Here no mission is at work. Also on the east and south is Dharampore (Dhur'-rum- 
pore), a state of 360 square miles and 120,000 population. At least half of this state 
falls to us. In this section of the country we have all classes of Hindus, Moham- 
medans, and Parsis, especially in Bulsar town. In the country districts are many thou- 
sands of the aboriginal people, who are considered quite accessible. 

The Church. 

The church has witnessed fair progress. Services were held regularly throughout 
the year. More than ever before the Sunday morning service was conducted by In- 
dian men. One sermon each month was preached by a missionary. The services con- 
ducted by Brethren Early and Royer were well received and helpful. Two love feasts 
were held, preceded by a series of meetings in each case. Baptisms were held prior 
to each love feast, at which times a total of twenty-five were received into fellowship. 
The church gave liberally to help the work of the British and Foreign Bible Society. 
English services were held each Sunday evening throughout the year; also on Christ- 
mas Day. Bro. Cottrell gave much acceptable help in these services. A fair con- 
gregation of railway people attended. 

The Sunday-School. 

Much interest was taken in the work of the Sunday-school. The officers were all 
chosen by the church from the Indian membership. Twelve classes were held in 
which an average of 201 pupils studied the Word each Sunday morning. One hundred 
and forty-seven pupils took the All-India Sunday-school Examination, of which number 
100 received certificates. One pupil received the highest grade given in his department in 
the Gujarati language. Three classes of teacher-training were held. They took the 
course provided by the Sunday-school Union. Offerings were taken each Sunday, 
amounting to a total of about $154 Expenses were $144, of which $50 was used 
locally, and $74 was given to home missions and other beneficent work. 

The Boys' Boarding-School. 

More and more the orphanages are being converted into boarding-schools. School 
was held regularly throughout the year. After the annual inspection by the govern 
nient inspector, the regular course of study was laid aside and the school changed intc 
a Bible School in which work was provided suitable to the various grades. This was 
continued for six weeks, closing with an examination on the work covered. Prizes 
and honorable mention were given to those doing good work. This was interesting tc 
the pupils and was quite beneficial. Six boys passed out of the seventh standard 
(which is the highest standard taught in the Boys' School). The work was some 
what broken tjg, owing to the fact that the headmaster and two other trained teachers 
were given leave in order to attend the Bible Teachers' Training School. One boj 
passed the government examination for third grade teachers' certificate. 

The Training Department. 

When a boy completes the sixth standard of the boarding-school, he may be ad- 
mitted into the training department with a view of becoming a mission worker. A' 
the beginning of the year 1914 four boys were thus admitted. During the year twc 

Annual Report 43 

others were admitted. They took the work of the seventh standard, and at the end of 
the year all but one were sent out as workers. This one is permitted to take the 
work of the year again. Four boys were sent to the Anglo- Vernacular School of the 
town; one is in the third year, two in the second year, and one in the first year. On 
completing the third year they may be admitted into the high school. Two boys, 
David Prema and Vira Valji, completed the four years' course of the high school. 
The mission granted them the privilege of entering college, which they did Jan. 3, 1915. 
One boy is being supported in the American Presbyterian Medical School, at Mir'aj. 
He has completed the second year successfully. In January, 1915, one boy completed 
his study in the Pa'rekh Technical School, Surat'. One girl completed the second year 
in the Ah'medabad Training College for Girls. 

The Industrial Work. 
The boys in the boarding-school are required to do three hours' manual labor each 
day. For the most part they were employed in the garden and shop. The carpenter 
and weaving shop was moved to a new building near the boarding-school. The weav- 
ing was closed during the latter part of the year, since hand-loom weaving does not 
offer an inviting field of labor. Although the carpenters spent more than one month 
rebuilding the shop and four months on the new bungalow, they constructed more than 
five hundred dollars' worth of furniture. Many kinds of furniture were made, includ- 
ing chairs, tables, wardrobes, book cases, chests, etc. 

Village Work. 

The only out-station in which work is carried on regularly is Bhat. Here a 
man and his wife conduct a flourishing school. Forty-two are regularly enrolled, all 
of whom took the Sunday-school examination. About twenty other pupils attend more 
or less irregularly. Several other workers have visited villages round about Bulsar 
and have given the Gospel as opportunity afforded. 

During the early part of the year the town of Bulsar was visited by the plague. 
Daily a number of cases proved fatal. Rats died in several of the homes of Christians, 
showing the presence of the disease. One woman took the disease and after several 
days died, leaving her husband and six months old son. About thirteen families were 
given temporary quarters until it seemed safe for them to move back to their houses. 
The medical work was in charge of all the missionary sisters. Ordinarily fever med- 
icines and treatment for sore eyes are most in demand. Many other kinds of cases 
were treated, but no record was kept. The health of the missionaries was fair, with the 
exception of some fever, and the health of Bro. Blough, which is mentioned elsewhere. 


With the exception of Bro. J. M. Blough the missionaries at Bulsar enjoyed good 
health. Bro. Holsopple had two attacks of malaria, and Sister Widdowson had some 
fever. On the 24th of October Frances Elizabeth came to brighten the home of Brother 
and Sister Holsopple. A new bungalow has been erected, which will be occupied by 
the unmarried sisters about the first of March, 1915. During Bro. Blough's absence 
Bro. Emmert serves the church as elder. 

Girls' Orphanage and Boarding-School. 

On Jan. 1, 1914, there were nine big girls and nine litle girls in the orphanage 
here and two of our girls at Anklesvar (Unkl-esh-wer). A few days later one of our girls 
returned to college at Ahmedabad (Uh-med-a-bad) to finish her second year's work. 

During the year nineteen new girls were admitted to the orphanage, making a 
total of thirty-nine girls. Of this number eighteen were baptized, and seven were mar- 

44 Annual Report 

With the exception of nine cases of whooping cough, the health of the girls was 
very good during the entire year, so that their attendance at school, Sunday-school, 
church services and young people's meeting was very good. The only ones who were 
absent were those of our boarding-school children who went home for their Christmas 

There were enrolled in the Girls' School during the year, ninety-one pupils. This 
includes the sixteen mukti girls and forty-five kindergartners. These last two addi- 
tions to the school are new. When these sixteen Marathi girls came to us to be trained 
as wives for our workers, aside from other teaching they needed to be taught the 
Gujarati language; so we employed a special teacher for this class. 

We believed that a kindergarten class would be a good thing. We acted out our 
deep convictions. We began with eighteen tots, all children of our Christians. Soon 
some non-Christian children began to come and then our total enrollment in the kinder- 
garten department was forty-five. For this we praise the Lord, and also take this time 
and way to thank all who aided us by sending special donations, backed up by special 
prayers. It is only a beginning. We hope for greater results in the future. 

Not long after our class began its work in earnest God called one of our dear little 
ones home — little Ruth Chatu. She came to school in fine health and fine spirits in the 
morning. In the afternoon she became ill. The next morning, just as the nine o'clock 
school bell was ringing, she turned to those standing near her little bed, and said, " Now 
I am going — good-bye!" and her pure soul went home to God. During the previous 
night she was quite talkative. She sang so sweetly the little songs she had learned, 
and recited verse after verse, saying over and over again, " The Lord is my Shepherd," 
" Jesus leads me beside the still waters," " Now Jesus is pouring fresh oil on my head." 
She then repeated the whole of Psalm 23, and sang the little hymn we sing, " The Lord 
is my Shepherd," and was quiet. One more verse, " I am the true vine," and then her 
parting message. 

Later in the year our bright little Phillip Vira left our pleasant class to be 
enrolled in a still greater class in our Father's kingdom. His sickness came on while 
playing with some little boys and girls at home. The doctor did all he could but 
before the next morning Phillip left us without a word spoken after the fatal disease 
gripped him. These are the only deaths in our school during the year. 

Eight teachers, including the night-school teacher, were employed. Five regular 
teachers taught until the opening of the Bible School in June, when two entered the 
Bible School to continue their work there; so two inexperienced teachers had to be 
employed. This, of course, hindered the work, yet in spite of the many hindrances, 
including sickness of at least a month for each of three of our trained teachers, when 
the government inspection was made the school made a fair showing. 

The schools were in session from January to November, doing regular school work 
six hours a day save in kindergarten and primary departments, and during the hot 
season, from April 15 to June (when the rains came), school was in session from 7 to 
10:30 A. M. 

From Nov. 4 till Dec. 18 we had a special course in Bible study. In each depart- 
ment, from the kindergarten to sixth standard, an inexpensive prize was given to those 
who were successful in accomplishing the work assigned and complying with certain 
conditions. In the kindergarten class five little ones had perfect marks and six others, 
including a non-Christian girl, won second prize. We were very fortunate in having 
Sister Eliza B. Miller, who had charge of the work here for many years, conduct this 

In February we organized a faculty meeting. All the teachers met once a month 
to discuss ways and means of self-improvement and for the improvement of school 
work. Each teacher brings her problems. After the short business session the sub- 
ject for the day is thoroughly ventilated. Each teacher takes part in the discussions. 
We aim to have prominent educators address the faculty occasionally. Trained teach- 
ers are in demand. Would that we had more of them! 

Annual Report 45 

The seventeen girls enjoyed a delightful trip to Anklesvar (Unkl-esh-wer) in Feb- 
ruary to attend the District and Sunday-school and Mission Conferences. They paid 
their own car fare by giving up one of their special foods for a certain period of time. 
During the week of self-denial, and by doing special work, they were able to give thir- 
teen rupees for the work of the Lord. 

Later in the year, when there were twenty-nine girls in the orphanage, a call came 
from the Young People's Branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society for funds to 
carry on their work. The girls responded cheerfully. After a proposition was made to 
them, whereby they could earn money by doing special work for a week outside of 
their regular working hours, they were asked what their plan was. In a very short 
time their representative came with a paper containing their plan. They unanimously 
agreed to do special work for one week; to give all they could earn in that week to 
the Lord; to give up their evening meal from that day (Nov. 13) till Dec. 1 (when all 
donations must be given) ; to give up their special food (ghee — clarified butter, which 
they get on Sunday noon) from Nov. 8 to Dec. 25; then, besides, the nine little girls 
gave up their milk, which they get each morning, from Nov. 13 to Dec. 1. 

This may not seem much to you; but this self-denial — this giving up of food — 
means something to these orphan girls. Well, at the end of the week, we all met in 
chapel. A little consecration meeting was held. It was a very touching scene — yea, 
a scene fit for angels — as each girl in turn came forward, placed her money in a special 
envelope and, sealing it with a most beautiful prayer, passed on. The last one to 
come was our youngest — a little five-year-old girl whose mother died recently. As 
she dropped her offering in her envelope she said, so sweetly, and yet so earnestly and 
so reverently, " Dear Jesus, I give You all this money to use. This is all for You. This 
is all I have. Bless it." When the money was counted we found 29 rupees were given 
cheerfully for the Lord's work. 

At the regular yearly All-India Sunday-school Examination, all the girls took the 
examination. All received certificates but one of the large girls. She had recently 
come from a non-Christian home to be trained in our mission school, and consequently 
her knowledge of the Bible was not sufficient to enable her to pass the examination. 
She is a good girl and a bright girl. We have great hopes for her. 

We all felt it was a great blessing to have our own dear American Brethren Early 
and Royer with us in all our meetings to comfort and cheer, brighten and inspire, help 
and encourage us;- but we especially appreciated their presence during our little Mission 
Band meeting which is held on Thursday at 4 P. M. One hundred and sixty-five little 
ones greeted them. Over half of these were non-Christian children. We are longing 
and praying for the time when all these little ones will become worshipers of the one 
true God. Continue to pray for them and those who are permitted to teach these and 
all other children. We thank all who have aided us by sending us special donations 
and special prayers. The dear Lord bless you all, every one. 

The special work in the Bai Avabai High School of Bulsar was kept up during the 
year. Whenever possible we talked to these 225 intelligent Parsi, Hindoo, and Moham- 
medan boys, including our two Christian boys, each Saturday in their respective stand- 
ards, from fourth to seventh standard inclusive. For this privilege we praise the Lord. 
To Him be the praise, the honor and the glory. We are also glad for the opportunity 
of having heart-to-heart talks with some of these young seekers after truth in our 
own home. May we be used more and more in this great work. 

For those who have been praying so earnestly that God would give grace, health, 
and strength sufficient to do the work given us to do during the year 1914, we can 
say this: God has answered your prayers to the extent that we were enabled to stay 
by the work during the entire year and do what we could for Jesus' sake. Praise Him! 
Brethren, continue to pray for us. 


During our first ten years of service in India we were blessed with excellent health, 
and with the exception of a few days were able to pursue our work without interrup- 

46 Annual Report 

tion. For this we were exceedingly grateful to our kind Father, but because of it we 
allowed ourselves to undertake too many duties, the pressure of which tied us too 
closely to our desk and station, and so finally our strength gave way and we had to give 
up entirely. We worked the first six months of the year, but in July the break came, 
when all work had to be laid aside. Realizing that our strength was failing we took 
our first vacation to the hills during the months of April and May, but we did the in- 
advisable thing of taking our work with us; hence got no benefit from our vacation at 
all. This was very unfortunate, indeed, but one never knows how near he is to the 
margin of his strength until he has once reached it. 

Sunday-School Quarterly. 

It was again a successful year for the Quarterly, 2,000 copies being issued each 
time, which were used by our neighboring missions as well as our own. As in the 
previous year, so again this year, Sister Ida Shumaker wrote very acceptable hints to 
primary teachers, which were favorably received. Those who followed them most 
closely were most benefited. I did all of my part of the work on the first three quarters, 
but after beginning on the fourth I found that I would not be able to do it along with 
the Bible School, so it was arranged that Sister Alice Ebey write the notes, which she 
did from that time on to the end of the year in a most acceptable manner. Sister Ebey 
knows the Bible, and she also knows how to direct others in their study and teaching. 
In August the business part of the work, as well as the preparing of the manuscript 
through a translator and the proofreading, was committed to Bro. Emmert, which 
work he did most successfully. The subscription list is still not large enough to make 
it entirely self-supporting; however, the loss to the mission this year was only $70. 

The Bombay Guardian is a weekly religious newspaper, in which notes are pub- 
lished on the Sunday-school lessons. Being in need of a new editor for these notes we 
were approached on the subject, and beginning with July the notes of our Quarterly 
have been making their weekly appearance in English in the above-mentioned paper. 
Here they also seem to be appreciated. 

Bible Teachers' Training School. 

The school opened the middle of June with thirteen men and eight women in 
attendance. Three men of last year's class did not return; one because he had failedi 
one because of lack of interest, and the other because of sickness. We are sorry to 
say that he has since died, leaving a wife and three small children. Four classes were 
conducted daily, Old Testament, New Testament, Bible doctrine, and psychology. The 
work started out very nicely and the interest was good. The students, especially the 
men, studied well. But our joy in this work lasted just a little over a month, when I 
took sick for a few days. A second time I tried to teach, but was able to go to class 
for only a few days, and then a complete breakdown occurred and my work was closed. 
The students continued the work themselves until two months' work was completed; 
then Brethren Stover and Long conducted an examination and the school was closed. 
A hope was entertained that some months later the school might open again with 
another teacher, but finally even that had to be given up, because all of our mission- 
aries were too much burdened with work already. It was indeed hard to see the work 
closed thus, and it was a sad disappointment to the students, but there was no remedy. 
And so the students scattered out again to work here and there wherever they were 
desired, hoping to enter again sometime in 1915. God grant that they be not longer 

Normal Training Class. 

During the first four months of the year a training class was conducted at Bulsar, 
consisting of eleven men and four women. These lived in the Bible School dormi- 
tories and recited in the classroom in the church. Their teacher was Bro. Govind 
Khengar, one of the Bible students who has completed a special training course in a 
government school. Two periods were given to Bible study, preparing the students 

Annual Report 47 

for entrance to the Bible School later, and the two other periods to the science and art of 
teaching. Under the eye of the teacher all the pupils in their turn taught classes in 
the different subjects, and so their training was made most practical and helpful. 
Again, for two months at the end of the year, another class of six boys was taken 
through a similar course by the same teacher. Those in the first class were young 
workers, and the latter just ready to become workers. 

On the Himalaya Mountains. 

The month of August was spent in turning over our work to others and in arrang- 
ing for a place where we might rest. The first of September we left home and fellow- 
workers, and after traveling 900 miles arrived at Landour, in the Himalayas of North 
India, where we found a home in every way conducive to our physical comfort. It is 
hard to be away from your work and loved ones and to spend your days in idleness, 
but this was necessary for us, so we tried to make the best of it. During these months 
the Lord has been very good to us, and no doubt this hard experience has taught us 
many valuable lessons. O Lord, that we may learn the lessons of trust and patience 
and moderation which Thou wouldst teach us. We are very grateful to all who have 
remembered us before the throne and encouraged us in their letters. Truly, sympathy 
makes the burden lighter. We rejoice to report that we have made good progress to- 
ward the recovery of health, and hope that in a few months more we may again know 
what it is to be physically strong. During the month of October a course of treatments 
in a sanitarium did me much good, but the rest and quiet and mountain air were most 
valuable. In our loneliness how sweet is the fellowship with the Father! "He knows 
all " and comforts as the days pass by. We have been very happy and contented in our 
lot, but ask you to continue to pray with us, that we may soon be strong to take up our 
work again. The hard experiences in life become the most blessed ones as we submit 
to Him, for His grace is sufficient for all. 


During the year 1914 we were called upon to pass through some experiences very 
different from any in the past. During the previous years that we spent in India the 
Lord had most graciously blessed us both with good health, so that our years were 
spent in unbroken service. But this year is an exception, for the nervous system of 
my husband could no longer bear the constant strain and burden of the work, and so 
we had to give up all of our work and go to the hills to seek health and strength again. 
This was exceedingly hard to do — the hardest trial we have ever experienced. But 
the Lord has been most gracious to us in giving strength for each day. His sustaining 
grace has been sufficient to keep us in good courage and faith through all the days of 
sickness and loneliness while we were in the mountains, far away from our loved ones 
and our work. The complete rest and quiet home life in our little cottage on the 
beautiful Himalayas, along with good, pure mountain air and beautiful scenery and 
plenty of good food, and above all the abiding presence of our loving Father, Who 
cared for us each day — all these together have brought many new blessings to our 
lives besides bringing back health and strength. 

The first three months of the year we tried to make a comfortable home for our 
missionary family at Bulsar, composed of Doctors Cottrell, Brother and Sister Hol- 
sopple, and Sister Shumaker, with ourselves. We were a happy family and most joy- 
fully received visitors who so frequently come to the Bulsar Mission home. We had 
the privilege and great joy of having our Brethren Early and Royer with us part of 
the time. Their visit was a great inspiration and blessing to us all. We look back 
to that time with great thanksgiving. During those days, too, we laid to rest in the 
Bulsar cemetery the body of our beloved Sister Quinter. Most of our missionaries 
came to the funeral service. 

April and May were spent in vacation on the hills. In June and July we tried to 
continue our work among the women at Bulsar, and conducted a daily Bible Class for 

48 Annual Report 

the women who could not take the regular Bible-school Course. Then Bro. Blough's 
health broke down so that we had to go to the mountains. The remaining part of the 
year was spent in the Himalaya Mountains, doing all we could to restore quickly 
health and strength. Rest was most needful, so we procured a small cottage in which 
we xould live entirely alone. All of our needs the Lord fully supplied, and our days 
have been full of joy and contentment, even though the sacrifice of leaving all to go 
was a great one. We praise the Lord for His loving kindness. 


The year 1914 has been one of varied experiences for me. In December, 1913, I 
came from Vali (Vul'ly) to Anklesvar (Unkl-esh'wer), where I continued my second 
year's work in the language study. There I also received valuable experience in village 
work. It is a joy to see the faces of the women in the villages lighten up as we come 
among them. They are such eager listeners, and the children's eyes dance when they 
receive the picture cards which are so kindly sent by the children and churches in the 
homeland. On Thursday afternoons we had sewing classes with the women on the 
compound, and after sewing, a Scripture lesson. 

In August I came to Bulsar to look after Sister Blough's work among the Chris- 
tian women. Because of Bro. Blough's sickness it became necessary for them to go 
to the hills for a rest. Frequently the women ask me concerning Sister Blough's re- 
turn, and they constantly remember them in their prayers, that they may soon return 
to us strong and able to continue their work. There is a large number of women here 
now. The number varies much during the year, because of the going and coming of 
the Bible students. 

My work takes me often into the homes, and as I come into closer touch with the 
people I can understand their ways and see reasons for their actions which were mean- 
ingless to me before. We rejoice that some of the children in our Sunday-school 
classes have lately been received into the church by baptism. Continue to join us in 
prayer, that we may be given strength and grace to do each day's work well, and that 
others may soon come to relieve overburdened workers and fill the needy places. " The 
harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few; pray ye therefore the Lord of the 
harvest, that He will send forth laborers into His harvest" (Matt. 9: 37, 38). 


This, our first year on the field, has been devoted almost entirely to language 
study. Nearly all missionaries believe that a new missionary's first duty is to acquire 
a knowledge of the language; hence this first year has been one of study rather than 
of medical work. 

However, there have been, of necessity, some exceptions and we have not been 
able to give all our time to the language. There are not sufficient workers as yet to 
care for the needs of the field, so that those who are here have often done double duty 
in order to bring the gospel message to as many souls as possible. The waiting, 
ripened harvest has urged them on to extra efforts while praying for others to come 
and help. Are YOU helping to answer those prayers? There has been some sickness 
in the mission family. It has been a source of great satisfaction to be able to care for 
them, and we gladly devoted all the time necessary for the care of our fellow-workers. 
Because they have been without the care and advice of a mission physician for so 
many years, the health of the missionaries has suffered in some respects. Naturally 
so; what else could have been expected? In a few instances somewhat radical measures 
were thought advisable. We are glad to report the hearty cooperation and support of 
the field committee in every case. 

Because of the mistreatment and injury which so many of the native women re-, 
ceive at the hands of the native midwives at the time of childbirth, we cared for asj 
many of the Christian women as cared to call us on maternity cases. We have had 
about twenty cases so far. In many respects our methods are very, very 4ifferen.t frgm 

Annual Report 49 

theirs; nevertheless, because every case so far has gotten along splendidly, and because 
from the first twelve cases eleven boys were born, these people say, " Your hand is 
very good." 

Then, too, we must mention the three little ones, Frances Holsopple, Barbara 
Arnold, and Leah Ruth Ebey, who came to gladden the homes of our own missionaries. 
The mothers and babies are doing very well. 

The few hundred treatments which we gave, and the cases for which we cared, 
have included, besides the missionaries and the maternity patients, such cases as 
broken arms, injured shoulder, torn ligaments, crushed ankle, infections, removal of 
foreign bodies from the eyes, ears, and nose, a number of inoculations for plague, ty- 
phoid fever, and smallpox, extraction of teeth, etc. God has been very good to us. He 
has blessed our efforts with excellent success. To be successful in your first cases 
means much. We rejoice that it has been so with us. Will YOU pray for us, that the 
establishing of the medical work in the Brethren Mission in India may ever be to the 
honor and glory of the Father? 



Adam Ebey, wife, and three children. 

Short History. 

In March, 1902, an Indian worker, John Kashap (Kosh'up), opened work in Dahanu 
(Du-hah noo). In December Brother and Sister Ebey located here. Bro. Ebey opened 
some medical work in 1903, and in 1904 Dr. Yereman opened his dispensary work. 
Many patients were treated and quite a few operations performed. A hospital and dis- 
pensary building was planned near the sea, and temporary shacks were erected for this 
purpose, but plans were changed and Dr. Yereman returned to America. In 1905 land 
was purchased near Karadoho (Kur-rah'duh-ho") and building was begun. Brother 
and Sister Brubaker had charge from September, 1907, to February, 1910. Brother and 
Sister Ebey have been in charge since then. The people are friendly and the medical 
work is extensive. Opportunities are great for medical and educational work. There 
are several good schools. 

Dahanu County has an area of 332 square miles, has 133 villages and a population 
of about 70,000. Its western boundary is the Arabian Sea. Near the sea fisher people 
and farming classes of Hindus form the mass of the population. Inland a few miles it 
is hilly and most of the people are aborigines. There is a large timber trade at Souta 
(Sou'tah), where over 100,000 carts of timber come in from the jungle in a single season 
of five months. About 70 per cent of the people are classed as backward, and 96 per 
cent are illiterate. 

Dependent on Dahanu County, and lying to the north, is Umbergaon (Oom'bur- 
gown) Petha (Pay'tah), a sub-county, with an area of 314 square miles, seventy-nine 
villages and about 70,000 people. The people are backward and illiterate. 

East of Dahanu is Jawhar (Ju-wahr') State. This is a native state and has a 
ruling prince of the Koli (Koh'ly) caste. Its area is 310 square miles and it has 107 
villages and a population of about 55,000. Here 86 per cent of the people are of the 
aboriginal tribes and 96 per cent are illiterate. The people are superstitious animists. 
The king is an enlightened, educated man. 


Gone again! Another year has passed by quickly! Report to write! What has 
been done? Little enough! Do not know what the angels have recorded. May they 
see more accomplished than we do! 

Part of the time one, part of the time two, part of the time three, and part of the 
time four men have been at work in the villages near by. Early in January one of 

50 Annual Report 

the men, a Gujarati (Goo"jer-rot'ty), was sent to experiment. A village, mostly 
aborigines, about two miles away, had been asking for a school. There were some 
doubts as to the results, as so often these people ask for a thing and when the time 
comes that we can give it to them, they will not take it. The people are Marathi (Mur- 
rot'ty) speaking. Well, he opened a school for them and soon had a large number of 
boys attending; also a good Sunday-school. It proved to be a blessed experiment. We 
have a good Marathi teacher at Agvan (Og'van) now, and the school makes a splendid 

There has been much sickness in the families of the evangelists, which has pre- 
vented pushing out into new villages and has hampered the work in general. 

At Palghar (Pol'gur), S. Mahadev, the Indian brother, who has been doing good 
work as a medical missionary, has kept up an interest as well as opened an English 
school with a good attendance. Many people have been reached with medicine and the 

Three persons were baptized during the year. 


The distribution of the written Word and Christian literature is one of the import- 
ant lines of mission effort. Many a man reads in secret, arid, we think, much good 
seed is sown. It is helping to undermine the foundations of superstition and idolatry. 
Two men have been at work all the year. The colporter at Dahanu is supported by the 
Scottish Bible Society. He sold 837 Scripture portions, seven New Testaments, four- 
teen Bibles, and about 1,200 tracts. The Palghar (Pol'gur) man sold 1,018 Scripture 
portions, two New Testaments and about 1,300 tracts and books. 


A regular Sunday-school for our own people has been in session each Sunday at 
the bungalow. Another Sunday-school especially for the children who attend the 
Gujarati (Goo"jer-rot'ty) day-school at the mission house, met fifty-one Sundays. One 
Hindu boy was present each Sunday and received a coat as a prize for his regular at- 
tendance. In this school we use the International Sunday-school Lesson Picture Cards. 
Several other Sunday-schools met more or less regularly in connection with the village 
schools. At three of these Sunday-schools All-India Sunday-school Union Examina- 
tions were held. There were forty-nine entrances and thirty-four passes. Of those 
who passed, seventeen were Hindus, fourteen Christians, one Jain, one Parsian, and 
one an animist, as to religion. We are hoping for more and better things next year, for 
it is surely a good thing. 


The medical work has not decreased. It is not likely to do so. Much of our time 
and strength goes to help the bodies of these poor people. As ever, the Lord has been 
blessing our weak efforts. 

Last year we had 9,994 new cases and this year we have a total of 11.034. That is 
about 66,000 days of treatment. Those who returned one time or oftener were 4,128. 
More than half of the cases were of skin diseases, and we used for these about 220 
pounds of ointment. 

Our needs, as expressed last year, have not grown fewer, nor have we been able to 
do for these people all that we desired. 

Just a few weeks before the close of the year, a Mohammedan girl, twelve j*ears of 
age, called me to see her. Her parents are dead. She had called me a month previous, 
but I was not at home; I was at Anklesvar (Unkl-esh-wer). While warming herself 
one cold November morning, at an open fire, her clothing caught fire and before it 
could be torn from her she was so badly burned that nearly all the skin from her hips 
to her soles dropped off. You can think what a month of careless treatment added to 
it! I cannot describe it all. It was bad! Maggots had done their work. They had 
been removed, but their burrows were infected and the poor girl was screaming and 

Annual Report 


weeping nearly all the time. She begged me to take her to the bungalow and treat 
her there. This was not prudent nor practicable. She wanted the one leg amputated, 
and I seriously considered doing so, as a means of trying to save her life. Her grand- 
mother said, " Take her." I could not do it. I did not want to do so. I had no hospital 
ready. I went to work to see what I could do. I prayed and worked. I have been 
going nearly every day since. The right leg and foot are well. The tender new skin 
is white, and the girl wonders if it will be white like mine. I told her it would get its 
proper color in time. It is certainly strange that the new skin is as white as that of an 
European. The second leg is doing well. No amputation will be necessary. Praise 
the Lord, He helps us in this work! But see the need of a hospital! 

In July we had a severe case of poisoning. A Christian woman, mother of nine 
children, took some country medicine and somehow got an overdose. She was brought 
to the bungalow. There was no proper place for her care and treatment. We put her 
in a small corner of our little dispensary, and treated her as well as we could. She had 
a miscarriage and died of paralysis, after suffering twelve days. Need for a hospital! 
Need for a nurse!! Need for a well-qualified lady doctor!!! Do you see these needs? 
Wish you could see them as we do! They would soon be supplied then. 

People twenty miles away, fifty miles away, 150 miles away, asking to come here 
for confinement and treatment. Oh, the needs! 

At the close of the year we had an outbreak of cholera and plague, which gave us 
some anxiety and forced us to close some of our schools for the time. 


Last year we reported nine schools. Now we have twelve. Next year's prospects 
are for several more. Government is ready to assist us in our efforts, and is very anx- 
ious to have us open schools among the backward classes. 

Since November two schools have closed and one is much reduced in attendance 
because of the diseases. In one school a boy who was present in the forenoon went 
home at noon, well, as far as we knew. He took sick at two o'clock with vomiting and 
purging. We knew nothing of it until, later in the afternoon, the teacher went to see 
why the boy was not present; gave some medicine at once, but it was too late. He 
died in the evening. Cholera. 

In another school a third-reader girl died of plague. In another village, plague 
and smallpox closed the school. But we hope for better things soon. 

To get a good idea of the schools see the table: 






















Name of School. 
















































































































































| 245 


| 282 



* School at night, t School in the afternoons. 

52 Annual Report 

Pronunciations of the above names: Soravli (Sur-row'ly), Rai (Rye), Chikli 
(Chick'ly), Malyan (Mul-yan'), Masoli (Mus-soh'ly), Wangaon (Won'gown), Agvan 
(Og'von), Souta (Sou'tah). 


Added to the regular station work have been the cares and responsibilities of the 
treasury. The writing of cheques and receipts, the proper accounting for money, and 
the writing of hundreds of letters and cards connected with the financial work of the 
mission take time. Only by doing the most of this work between three and six in the 
morning, when no one comes for medicine or on business, has it been possible to keep 
reasonably free from errors. 

Again the Bible Question Contest in our Gujarati Monthly, the Prakash Patra 
(Pru-kosh' Put-rah) for five months, has been interesting, though taking a good deal of 
time and energy. 

Assisting in the preparation of the Sunday-school lesson comments for the Gujarati 
Quarterly and the Bombay Guardian has given Sister Ebey many hours of employment. 

God has been good to us. While we have had some sickness in the family, it has 
not been serious. But our workers have had sorrows. Three adults and one babe 
have died. For all the duties God gave us He has supplied strength. Puzzled and 
perplexed we have been, but we take courage and cheer for the new year. We press 
on. " More and better work for Jesus " is our motto as we enter 1915. God make it 
true for us! 

"In thee, O Lord, do I put my trust" (Psa. 71: 1). 



J. B. Emmert, wife, and three children. 

Short History. 

Brother and Sister D. L. Forney opened the station in 1898, in rented quarters. In 
1900 land was bought and a good bungalow and ample buildings for a Boys' Orphanage 
were erected. A school was started and industrial work provided for the 128 boys 
whom they had rescued from famine. Evangelistic work was done in the surrounding 
villages and schools supplied. Two of these schools continue till the present. Early 
in 1904 J. B. Emmert took general charge. The orphan boys, then numbering eighty- 
two, were sent to the orphanages at Anklesvar and Bulsar. At the end of 1904 the car- 
penter class, which had remained at Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor), was removed to Bulsar, 
where Bro. Emmert went to take charge of the industrial work. 

Brother and Sister I. S. Long took charge of the station and spent five years in 
very active evangelistic work all over the district. More village schools were estab- 
lished and great effort was made to reach the people. They did not respond well, and 
in 1909 the Longs were transferred to the Marathi district. For a time the station was 
without a missionary. In September of 1909 Sister Mary N. Quinter founded a Widows' 
Home and continued in charge, except the furlough year, till sickness and death took 
her from us in Januar}-, 1914. Sister Ziegler cared for the Home during Sister Quin- 
ter's furlough, and Sister Sadie Miller had charge from January till July, 1914. In 
August, 1913, J. B. Emmert and family returned to Jalalpor and took general charge 
of the station. 

Jalalpor Mission Station is situated near the railway, 148 miles north of Bombay. 
There are ninety-one villages in the count}-, of which Jalalpor is the county seat. The 
population of the county is 80,000. Navsari (Xow'sor-ry), a town of 23,000 inhabitants, 
and belonging to the state of Baroda, is just two miles away. Other towns and vil- 
lages, with easily 15,000 more, are in the district allotted to Jalalpor. The people are 
Hindus, Mohammedans, and Parsis. Caste feeling is strong. The men of about one- 

Annual Report 53 

third of the villages of the county spend most of the year on fishing and freight boats, 
making it very difficult to reach them with the Gospel in any adequate sense. 


The early weeks of 1914 were weeks of anxiety and sorrow. Sister Quinter left us 
on the third of January, with the hope of returning to us soon. There were days of 
hopeful waiting, the anxiety of the operation day, mingled hope and fear, ominous tele- 
grams, hope-reviving letters, and then the news of the home-going. These were ex- 
periences shared by all our community at Jalalpor. 

Sister Quinter had made her impress on everything she had touched. Her kindly 
ministrations had brought joy and relief from sickness and pain to many. She was and 
is greatly missed. It is not at all uncommon for the people to come to us and say, 
"Why do you do that way? That is not the way ' Missi Mama' used to do." 

The Widows' Home. 

The Widows' Home had been located at Jalalpor for more than five years. With 
the falling asleep of Sister Quinter it was thought wise to remove the home to Ankles- 
var, where it could be managed with other institutional work. This transfer was made 
in July. An account of the work will be found in the reports of Sisters Miller and 

The Church. 

The general condition of our little church has improved during the year. Several 
good Indian workers have taken up their abode among us, and the interest of the 
whole community is good. For some time we have had trouble finding a real good 
place to hold our Sunday services. When visited by the elders from America we were 
holding the services on the front veranda of the bungalow. That was too small, and we 
were never able to make it look enough like a real place of worship. When the 
" Home " was removed to Anklesvar we decided to make some changes and provide a 
nice place for services. This we did, and are now meeting in the same room dedicated 
to that purpose by Bro. Forney many years ago. An interesting incident connected 
with the change, too, is that one who has been away from the church for years, and 
even rebellious, was won back to renewed interest by a little medical help and by using 
him in getting the new room ready for a prayer room. He has been very regular in 
attendance since, and is about ready to renew his relations with the church. 

The roll shows that we are three less in number than at the opening of the year, 
but a few letters are to be received, which will make up the loss we sustain in giving 
letters. We were much rejoiced to receive two by baptism, and one of these is the 
little daughter of our faithful old book-seller, Kanjibhai. The attendance at church 
and Sunday-school averages about thirty-five. Some of our brethren are employed in 
a mill owned and managed by a Hindu firm. The mill is not closed on Sunday, so our 
people find it hard. They get good wages and have steady work, but this Sunday work 
is not good for them. The women come sometimes, and sometimes the men come to 
the afternoon service. To make up for this loss on their part we are arranging to 
have regular services at the mill each Sunday evening. 

The Sunday-School. 

The Sunday-school has done good work. The superintendent is a young brother, 
who is teaching school in a village four miles away. He is very regular in his attend- 
ance and enthusiastic in his work. We had only three classes. The total enrollment 
was thirty-seven. The offerings for the year were $26.50. This does not include a 
special self-denial offering of $16.60. Our total gifts to missions during the year were 
$52.30. There are fifteen names on the Cradle Roll and six in the Home Department. 
Some time ago we decided to give a pie on our birthdays for each year of our age. A 
pie is equal to one-sixth of a cent. We made it low because a day's wage here is not 
two dollars, but about twelve cents. Some did not know the day of their birth, so we 
decided in such cases to use the date of their baptism instead. 

54 - Annual Report 

We had a class of seven in the Teacher-training Course. Three passes. Of course 
we had the usual success in the All-India Sunday-school Examination. 

The Members at Work. 

As much as possible we try to get the Christians to work. Almost all of the 
brethren take their turns leading the Christian Workers' Meeting. One brother, who 
doesn't read at all fluently, has some one else read for him and then he makes his 
speech. The sisters are timid about leading meetings in which the men are present, so 
they have a meeting of their own on Thursday. The learned and the unlearned all 
take a hand in the witnessing when they go out to a village meeting. Sometimes the 
latter make the best speeches. 

Village Schools. 

We have only two village schools. One is small and is held here at Jalalpor. The 
other is at Machad, and is one of the largest in the mission. As the year closes the 
roll has about seventy-five names. This school was started by Bro. Forney, and during 
these years has touched many boys for good. During the past year a rival school 
was started by some who dislike the religious teaching in our school. It gave us 
trouble for several months, but we went on, making our school as good as we could, 
and finally the rival school went out of business. Nineteen boys from the school en- 
tered the Sunday-school examination and only two failed. Please remember that these 
are not Christian boys. On Christmas Day they had exercises suitable for the day. 
Many pupils recited Scripture texts and sang songs. Booklets were given to all who 
had been present in the school examination. 

Evangelistic Work. 

For the first time for a number of years we have a man at Jalalpor who can spend 
his whole time in evangelistic work. Another young brother has been able to devote 
some of his time to the same work. By careful and persistent personal work an effort 
is being made to overcome some of the indifference so manifest all about us. There 
are many who have seen and heard Christian workers for years, and imagine that they 
know all about it. It is difficult to get such to listen or to feel that there is a message 
of vital interest to them. 

Along with the effort through spoken words, free tracts are used wherever possible. 
A wide distribution of a special tract was made in the district at Christmas time in an 
effort to give the real meaning of Christmas to the many who know it as a government 
holiday only. 


When Bro. Blough found it necessary to give up his work for a time, some of 'it 
had to go undone and some was distributed among others of the missionaries. Part 
came to Jalalpor, and I was glad to do what I could to help keep things going. The 
young brother who prepares the Gujarati manuscript for the Quarterly was trans- 
ferred here and I kept my eye on his work, to make sure that his Gujarati faithfully 
represented the English from which he had done his translating. I also did the cor- 
respondence connected with the examination of missionaries conducted by the United 
Language Examination Board, of which Bro. Blough is the secretary. 

As Field Committee Secretary. 
The machinery of our field committee is increasing in amount. There is always 
a lot of writing and correspondence to do and naturally much of it falls on the sec- 
retary. It has been very fortunate that while I have not been situated so that I could 
spend as much time away from home in the work as would be profitable, yet I was able 
to do some of these other necessary things and thus remove a hindrance to some one 
else's going. 


Visitor readers will remember that Sister Emmert has not been in robust health. 

Annual Report 55 

To avoid the bad effects of the hot season we escaped to the mountains and lived 
there for a time among the clouds and the cool breezes. We received physical and 
spiritual benefit. Complete health has not been regained, but a brave fight is being 
made and we are yet hoping we may be able to continue at our post. We are grateful 
to our Lord for all His blessings and would thank our friends in America for their 
prayers, sympathy, and support. 

Pimpalner (Pim-pul-neer), 1914. 


Concerning the work at this station, there is little to say, save that after several 
months' work our committee, in conjunction with the visiting brethren, decided that it 
were wise to turn over the work at this station, as it is far away, and confine our efforts 
to locations nearer the railways. Accordingly, a tentative agreement was made to sell 
said property to another mission that was eager for the same; this agreement to be 
valid only when our respective Mission Boards agreed thereto. 

During April of 1914, therefore, our workers were withdrawn, and workers of the 
other mission located there instead. They have fewer workers than we had; yet from 
reports we get are doing very well. For their successes there we shall be glad, for the 
work is the Lord's, and we rejoice that the people about Pimpalner, whom we learned 
to love, need not remain without the Word, which is able to make them wise unto sal- 


. I. S. Long, wife, and three children; Sadie J. Miller. 

Short History. 
In May, 1905, Brother and Sister Ross opened up Vyara (Vyah'rah) Station. In 
1907 they secured land and built a bungalow. There has been much hindrance to the 
work, and in many ways, but the Lord has given many souls from among the common 
people. A church was organized in 1909. In 1912 boarding-schools for boys and girls 
were established. Several good village schools are in session. Most of the converts 
thus far have been men, but in 1912 Sister Sadie J. Miller began work among the 
heathen wives of the Christian men. Several have been baptized. When Brother and 
Sister Ross went on furlough, June, 1913, Brother and Sister Long took charge. The 
outlook is encouraging for large results in the near future, but the people are very 
ignorant and much teaching will be necessary. 

Vyara (Vyah'rah) town has a population of 4,600, and may be said to be the center 
of our work among the backward classes known as the " Kali Paraj " (Kol'ly Pur'ruj), 
a people slightly different from the Bhils (Bheels), though like them, aborigines. 
Population of Vyara County, 57,000; 200 per square mile. 

Population of Songhad (Song'gud) County, 42,000; 150 per square mile. 
Population of Mahuva (Mu-hoo'vah) County, 40,000; 300 per square mile. 
In a total population of over 139,000 there are over 66,000 people of the backward 
classes. Too much work for one missionary! 

The station is thirty-eight miles from Surat (Soo-rat'). It is on the Tapti (Tap'ty) 
Valley Railway, which runs two trains daily each way. It is on the plain, but borders 
the wooded district, the Dangs (Dongs). Climate is considered unhealthful. 


" What I have written, I have written " is a truism of universal application. The 
one regret for most of us is that we did not "write" more and better during the past 
year. It is likely true, too, with the majority of us that our successes are not equal 


Annual Report 

Christian Family, Vyara. 
Husband and wife are both workers in the mission. 

to our hopes. It follows that our Father is good to us in veiling the future from us. 
One step at a time, one day at a time, leaving tomorrow to care for itself — this seems 
to be His will and plan for us. 

During a part of 1914, at least, I had the care of two stations, Vyara (Vyah-rah) 
and Pimpalner (Pim-pul-neer'). Besides, because of pln^sical conditions, we had to be 
away at the hills for a time. For our own immediate w^ork at Vyara we had all too 
little time and strength, therefore. 

The Church. 

It does not take a stranger long to see what our membership needs; much more 
keenly does the ever-present missionary know the needs. One trembles at the thought 
of having a church, like that at Sardis, " that thou hast a name, that thou livest, and 
art dead." The people about us unite wnth us comparatively easily, it may be said: 
they learn sufficient to be baptized, too, more eagerly than they appear to imbibe the 
more spiritual and necessary after-instruction. Along with proper motives for becom- 
ing Christians, there are sinister motives, as we come to know. Oppressed people 
naturally enjoy the thought of the missionary's friendship and protection. Just a week 
ago, as we were urging better Sunda\- attendance at worship in a certain village — an 
exhortation given often — one of the brethren spoke out, saying, '* Sahib, thirty or forty 
of us used to meet in this village, every night and everj^ Sunday, too, for worship and 
to be taught; but see now! The other day as I w r as urging a number of others to 
come with me, several replied, 'Why should we go now, seeing the Parsee is dead?" 
The Parsee w r as the oppressor. All admitted then and there that a little persecution 
is a good thing. 

Nevertheless, knowing our job. we are getting right after the people. Because of 
workers proving unfaithful we in several instances have lost out. In general, our 
present corps of workers feel encouraged, though they often tell of the coldness and 
indifference of the Christians. I know from my own observation, however, that some 
of our village people are improving and are getting a real grasp of simple spiritual 
teaching. The year closed with twenty baptisms, and w T ith far greater interest and 
inspiration than when it began. 


A large part of our Christians, it must be sadly admitted, are still greatly tempted 
by the bottle at times; but there are an increasing number w T ho see that it does not pay 
to drink, who are willingly saying " No " to this terrible enemy. Government seems 
to encourage rather than discourage drinking; and the liquor dealers are compelled to 
sell a certain amount or lose, financially. Hence, they are ever and always persuading 

Annual Report 57 

the poor people to take on credit several times more than the customer asks for. We 
are trying to initiate a move whereby we may close a shop or two. At the same time 
such effort is fraught with dangers, seeing the liquor men often and again misrepre- 
sent us to government officials who are already too glad to hear us evil spoken of. 
The attitude of government is shown in the repair and enlargement of the big distillery 
here at Vyara. Two hundred thousand dollars is granted for this purpose. 

Each year sees real improvement in both the Boys' and Girls' Schools. The chil- 
dren learn more keenly, being better able with the years to appreciate what we are 
trying to do for them. We have each year a better set of teachers. Besides, the schools 
are now under government inspection and are examined by an authoritative agent. 
The educational inspector was so well pleased with our schools here, on examination, 
that he promises to turn over several village schools to the mission. The schools are 
in villages where the people are Christians, mainly. We eagerly grasp at the thought, 
and hope to show results so much better than the government teachers have, hitherto, 
that we may in the future get more schools into our hands. 

Village Schools. 
We have twelve village schools, eight of which are day, and four of which are 
night schools. These could as a rule be much improved. The villagers do not yet 
appreciate, in the least, the need for schooling. The teachers need to be after the 
children almost daily, else they are herding goats or sheep, or else may be found in 
the fields at work. Teachers with the work more at heart would be a great boon. In 
this effort, however, as well as in case of the boarding-schools, we are sanguine, for we 
are teaching children who are morally sure to become Christians, later on. The 
money and time spent therefore are not in vain. 

Our aim has been to have a Sunday-school in every village where there is either a 
day or a night school. We can't always follow the regular lessons, but we can always 
find simple needed lessons from the Word of Life to give to our schools. Whenever 
practicable we have taught the regular International Lessons, and as many teachers as 
could get here for the examination and all our boarding-school children sat in exam- 
ination, with gratifying results. About sixty of our boarding-school children, though non- 
Christians, and ten teachers, Christians, passed. We had but several failures. Also, 
seven of our teachers passed in the first course of "Teacher-training." 

No, we didn't get all accomplished we hoped to; yet we are not a whit discouraged 
with the outlook. One of our enthusiastic workers the other day said, speaking of the 
Vyara work, " It is not an embryo in the womb, but a real living child." The one su- 
preme need, today and always, is teaching. " Make disciples, baptize, teach "; the great- 
est by odds, a hundred to one, is teaching. We got rid of several poor teachers, and 
secured several good ones in their stead. Our teachers are more earnestly grasping 

Wken the Train Comes in to Vyara. 


Annual Report 

A Pair at Vyara. 

the situation before us, I am very sure; yet our supreme need will be supplied only 
when we raise up through our schools teachers who are really men of God. 

We would have the home church believe, even as we do, that " it is better farther 
on." For while things are far from ideal at this station we are slowly winning with 
the masses, and even certain government officials, once hostile, are seeing our good 
motives and the benefit resulting from our efforts, and consequently are assuring us 
of their sympathy. We are glad for all these tokens, and press on in hope. 


It is not an easy matter to sit down and write a report of one's own work during 
the year. And especially is it hard for one whose time goes in doing so many little 
things, that it appears as if nothing along large and definite lines has been accom-' 

First of all, a mother's duty is to those of her own household, and in making a 
true Christian home in a heathen land where others may feel free to come and go. 
The very fact of her being a mother gives other mothers a desire to come to her for 
advice about their own children. And especially in cases of sickness all the Christian 
families on the compound come to consult us, and also the Christian teachers in the 
villages bring their sick ones here. We do what we can in the way of advice and medi- 
cine, and, in bad cases, call the Indian doctor from the town. For several months in 
the fever season we made the rounds twice per day, looking after all the sick ones. 
Outside the Christian community we give no medicine, except that we sell a quantity 
of itch and ringworm ointment. Many bad cases of different kinds come to us, how- 
ever, which we have to turn away with a sad heart. 

Then we have general oversight of the Girls' Boarding-school. There are only 
fifteen girls. They have to be cleansed from itch and ugly skin diseases, and constantly 
watched that it does not get hold of them again. I cut quilt blocks for the younger 
ones, and jackets and skirts for the older ones, who do all their own sewing and 
mending in the sewing-school under their teacher's direction, one hour daily. The 
government educational inspector commended them for their neat sewing. 

Daily we have all the girls in a class for learning singing, Scripture verses, etc. 
They did remarkably well and showed much improvement during the year. At first I 
gave a picture postcard (used ones sent by a friend) for every nine verses committed. 
Then they became much interested and we offered prizes, a New Testament being given 
to every boy and girl in the boarding-schools who committed perfectly Psalms 1 and 
23, Matt. 5: 1-12, and 1 Cor. 13. Fifteen boys and nine girls earned Testaments, though 
that is not the greatest thing they got out of it, for their minds are being stored with 
precious truths to stay with them forever. 


Annual Report 59 

The money used for these prizes for the children was given by a brother in Amer- 
ica, saying, " Use it as you see fit, for the Lord's work." Surely it is being used to His 
glory. The children are very proud of their Testaments and hymn books, combined, 
and always bring them to church and Sunday-school and take delight in hunting out 
the scriptures referred to. The books cost about sixteen cents. 

Two of our girls have just now entered the third grade and the others are lower. 
They pray at the opening of our daily lesson whenever I call on them. None of them 
has been baptized yet, either. One dear little girl prayed the other day, " Dear Lord, 
help us all to become Thine own little children." She is ten years old and ready for 

One of our best little girls died in November. She had high fever and her mother 
came and took her home, although the doctor protested. The second day after, she 
died. The other little girl from that village was then taken from the school, and be- 
cause of their superstition we have not been able to get any girls from the village since. 

The mistress of the Girls' School, who had been teaching since the opening and had 
worked hard to get the school started, also died in November. She was a fine woman, 
the girls loved her, and we all feel the loss very much. 

We have trouble in holding our girls as they reach the marriageable age. They 
sometimes are lured away by their parents, for they want the money the to-be son-in- 
law would give them for the daughter. The girls also desire marriage. The law in 
this state, which is ruled by a native king, prohibits marriage under twelve years of 
age, and during the year 80,000 rupees were paid to the government as fines for marry- 
ing girls under age. So you see how powerless we are to stop it. 

But on the whole the work is prospering and hopeful, and we go forward in the 
new year, trusting Him Who has never failed nor forsaken those who put their trust in 


On account of the loss sustained by the passing away of our Sister Quinter, of 
sainted memory, the Widows' Home was left in my care indefinitely, or at least till 
other arrangements could be made. Later, at the July session of our committee meet- 
ing, it was decided that the Home be transferred to Anklesvar (Ankl-esh'wer), and 
this took place August 1, which left me free to go again to village work. 

The month of August was spent in helping the girls in the boarding-school at 
Vyara (Vyah'rah) with their Bible lessons. One trip was made to a village, which was 
the only village accessible during monsoon on account of the rivers having no bridges. 
September and October were spent at Simla (Sim'la) on a vacation. To say it was 
beneficial is putting it mildly, for we were so much better prepared for the work of 
touring which was on hand as soon as we returned. 

All kinds of hindrances seemed to come when we wanted to get out to tenting 
and touring. We are right among the simple village people, doing the best we know 
how for their spiritual welfare in bringing them to Christ. On Christmas Day five 
women received baptism. Would there had been many more, but in this district, work 
among women is only in its infancy. There are encouraging features about this work. 
To see these jungly, illiterate, scantily-clad women have inspired in them the first 
spark of a desire to appear decently clad, as well as to hear the truth, is enough to spur 
us on. In one of the village schools the Christian leader and his wife, in teaching, 
have not failed to make an impression on the girls as to what is proper apparel. Those 
who, six months ago, were satisfied with clothing only the size of a handkerchief, have 
taken on the way of wearing apparel as do the high caste and Christian women. It 
greatly improves their appearance, and what is so gratifying, too, is that the mothers 
are pleased to see their daughters make the change. 

One woman, an applicant for baptism, became disgusted with the heavy rings on 
her wrist. She took the ax and in short order had them off. When we find such 
women we do our best to use them as examples, so that they may be the means of in- 
fluencing for good their more backward and less-ready-to-improve sisters. 


Annual Report 

Another woman was sent to the tent with a note for me from the Christian family 
near by, asking for some thread. The thread was immediately given and she was sent 
on her way with it. She had never before been so impressed with the usefulness of 
education. How a " scrap of paper " could procure such results is yet a mystery to her. 

Gradually girls are coming into the schools but, comparatively speaking, they are 
few. For instance, in the boarding-school at Vyara there are sixty boys and fifteen 
girls. However, in some villages, at our Sunday services there are as many women as 
men, which is far better than has been the case hitherto in this district in my short 

The women, of all people in India, are superstitious. They suffer much as a re- 
sult. A family moved from one village to another. One of the villagers was ill and, 
as usual, the village religious man, or the man who powwows, was called. He passed 
the many grains through his hands, and finally gave the verdict that the woman of the 
recently-arrived family was the witch and the cause of all this sickness. The villagers 
went together and beat the woman, and as a result of the cruel treatment received she 
died only a few weeks ago. She was innocent, to be sure, but this is only an example 
of what is frequently practiced in the average village. There are sometimes as many 
as five or six women and girls in a village humiliated by being pronounced evil-pos- 

The Sunday-school lesson about Deborah and Barak was a great help to some of 
these women under our instruction. They learned to their agreeable surprise that, 
after all, woman has a place in this world. She is not the brainless, worthless always 
evil-possessed being that superstition labels her to be. Our Indian Christian women 
are doing no small part of the work in bringing these more unfortunate ones to a 
knowledge of Christ. Their monthly reports are interesting. That no time be lost in 
gathering in the sheaves is our earnest prayer. 

Keeping- the Birds Away from Ripening- Grain, 



D. J. Lichty and wife; Eliza B. Miller. 

Short History. 

Bro. McCann baptized the first people at Vali (Vul'ly) during the famine days of 
1900. Brother and Sister D. J. Lichty located there in 1904, living for some time in a 
grass hut. They gathered together some of the raw converts and taught them more 
fully. Others were baptized. Sister Sadie J. Miller went to Vali in 1905, and worked 
among the women of the villages nearly all the time until 1913, except the year of 
her -furlough. Sister Quinter spent 1906 in the village work with Sister Miller. 
Brother and Sister Adam Ebey were at Vali during 1909, while Brother and Sister Lichty 

Annual Report 


Bro. D. J. Licnty's Cotton Field. 

were on furlough. Brother and Sister E. H. Eby moved here at the close of 1909, 
where he gave himself to evangelistic and school work, while Bro. Lichty looked after 
the industrial farming and general church work. Several of our boys and men are 
learning better methods of farming at this place, the mission having land for this 
purpose. In 1912 Brother and Sister Eby went on furlough, and Sister Eliza B. 
Miller took charge of the school work. Some promising schools have been opened, 
but the Bhil (Bheel) people need to be taught the value of education. As the year 
1914 closes Bro. Lichty is engaged in erecting a good, substantial, and convenient 

"There hath not failed one word of all His good promise" (1 Kings 8: 56). 

Vali, our mission station in Rajpipla (Roj-pip'lah) State, is one of interest. This 
state lies at the extreme northern end of our India mission field, and has an area of 
1,517 square miles and a population of 175,000, of which two-thirds are Bhils, the class 
of people most open to the Gospel. The government is under a first-class native king, who 
is quite enlightened, and has never been hostile to Christian work, and, in not a few 
ways, is friendly. 

The north side of the state is easily worked, but the south two-thirds are hilly and 
difficult for traveling. More missionaries and a goodly number of native helpers are 
needed to do proper work. 


Constant employment, a growing work, and good health combined to make the 
year 1914 the most joyous and encouraging of any I have spent in India. By the grace 
of God I was able to work every day save seven; this in spite of the fact that a worthy 
physician had earnestly warned me that recovery from typhoid fever could not be 
completely effected in this climate. 

Primarily a missionary's work is to tell " the good news" to those who have not 
yet heard it. To shepherd and develop the Christians is secondary to this only in the 
point of time. When the missionary is unable to push both these lines of work the 
latter becomes of the first importance. This explains why I spent but two months in 
the villages and the rest of the time at our station. Even the part of the evangelistic 
work assigned to our evangelists was interfered with bytheir entering the Bible School 
at Bulsar. Our headquarters in January were at Amletha. Here we worked the sur- 
rounding villages, assisted by several evangelists. The little church at that place, 


Annual Report 

which had been more dead than alive, was also revived and is still living. The month 
of March was spent touring among the villages in the hills worked by our school teachers 
and evangelists. Subsequently I made horseback trips to all our sub-stations as fre- 
quently as time and occasion afforded but, alas, not as frequently as occasion demanded. 
The evangelistic work of Rajpipla State will never prove satisfactory until our workers 
acquire age and experience and are led by an experienced missionary, free to devote 
all of his time to that work. 

It affords us pleasure to report that spirituality and union are growing in the Vali 
and Amletha churches. More and more our council meetings are less devoted to 
discipline and increasingly to live issues. In the graver and more weighty matters of 
the church some of our young men are becoming of real service as counselors and 
advisers. The church at Vali has adopted a novel method for raising funds for religious 
purposes. A year ago they resolved to appropriate the proceeds of a large field of 
hemp, the fruits of their united labor for that purpose. The crop which is now being 
gathered is a good one, but I regret to say that war times have so demoralized the 
hemp market that we are fearing the venture will not prove as paying as we had hoped. 
Our people are anxiously looking forward to the completion of our new churchhouse at 
Vali. Towards this they are contributing both labor and of their means in a com- 
mendable manner. Our present house of worship is not exactly conducive to a 
spiritual frame of mind and is generally unsatisfactory. 

More than a hundred acres of mission land in Vali and about twenty acres in other vil- 
lages are devoted to starting orphans and poor Christians in farming and towards an in- 
dependent living. Not less than fifteen families are thus being assisted. But it takes 
much time and close supervision on the part of the missionary. Most of the boys are 
making good. They were favored with a normal monsoon and good Grops, but were 
hard hit by the war prices for cotton. This is the principal money getter, and the 
market is 50 per cent lower than normal. Yet most of them will be able to pay off 
some of their indebtedness to the mission. A loan of from $100 to $150 is sufficient to 
set them up, but that is a heavier burden to them than $5,000 is to an ordinary American 
farmer. The gradual accumulation of goats, cattle, and poultry is a good sign, and 
most of them are living in better houses than formerly. Four boys are still serving 
their apprenticeship, but two will be given bullocks before the rains. Should a certain 
photograph materialize you will have an illustration of a sample cotton patch cultivated 
by these probationers under my supervision. We need more land for cultivation. A 
brother in California has made inquiry into this need, and we are hoping that he will 
see fit to help us purchase about forty acres of the best land in Vali, which is now for 
sale at a reasonable price. It is most desirable to buy this land at once, as the price 
of land is on the increase. 

Thrusting- in the Sickle." 

Annual Report 


•■?jl'-'S&>~. &?S?*i 

Treading- out the Grain. 

More than twenty parties were loaned small sums by our Aid Society during the 
year. To see that the sums go into responsible hands and are used for legitimate pur- 
poses, as well as to secure payment when it becomes due, is no small job. This con- 
dition will doubtless remain until we become able to make bankers of men who for- 
merly were beggars, or who at least were innocent of any considerable financial ex- 
perience. But we surely expect that day to dawn, sooner or later — likely later. 


Through the blessings of the Heavenly Father I have been permitted to spend the 
whole year at my work. This has been one of the most busy years, as well as one of 
the most joyful years, of my missionary experience. 

The first part of the year I had the happy privilege of spending a month and a half 
in the village work. We spent some time at each of three stations, making tours to 
surrounding villages. I am sure I have been much benefited by this experience, and 
also have been brought into a closer relationship with those who are working among 
non-Christian people. At all places aggressive work is being done, but the results are 
not as visible as we would like to have them. 

The daily work of the year has been various. There are so many ways to do good 
work and so many chances of doing it, that we have every opportunity of helping some 
one or doing something. Visiting people in their homes, receiving callers, administer- 
ing to the sick, helping those who need our aid, and attending to home cares have 
been the ways that I have spent the year. Never a day passes by without an oppor- 
tunity of helping a discouraged one, or of being peacemaker, or of commending those 
who have done well, or of making friends with new people. 

Throughout the year we have had women's daily prayers and most of the year 
sewing class on Thursday. During the busy season the women must work in the 
fields, and we do not ask them to leave their necessary work. They have pieced a 
number of comfort tops which sell readily. These meetings are closed with song, 
Scripture reading, and prayer. Sunday afternoon the women have a meeting of their 
own in which they take part. Our Sunday-school class work has been an interesting 
feature of the year. An average of twenty-eight names were on roll and more than 
two-thirds were very regular in attendance. Some are able to read and others not; 
some are orphan girls, who now have homes of their own, and some are not; but alto- 
gether we have had a very profitable time in studying the life of our Savior. 

We have not made any particular effort in the medical line. Those who came to us 
for simple remedies were waited on and most cases received benefit from the medicine. 
In our own community the diseases were principally fever, skin diseases, and sore 
eyes. During the year four adults and six children died and nine children were born 
into Christian homes here in Raj Pipla State. 


Annual Report 


Village Schools. 

Jamoli (Jum-o'ly) : This school was in session from January 
until May, when the teacher was moved to Kantipada (Kon'ty- 
par-da) to take the place of the village worker whose wife died. 
The headman of Jamoli was eager to keep the school, but failed 
to supply the needed quarters for both school and teacher; and 
so the place is without a school at present. As soon as a house 
is provided a teacher will be sent. The headman still promises to 
build us a house. In this village, as mentioned in the report 
of 1913, all the boys attended the mission school. 

Kantipada: This place had two teachers during the year. Daya 
Prema was there from January to April and Himet Moti from 
April to January, 1915. The death of the wife of the former caused much sorrow, both 
in the village and throughout the mission. The latter carried on the school to the end 
of the year and then went to Bulsar to attend the training class, in session for four 
months. In his absence Bhagu Patu has taken the work for the four months' absence 
of regular teacher. 

Undi (Oon'dy) : This school began the year with two enrolled, increased to twelve 
and closed the year with five. Hathi Rupji was in charge of the school until April, 
when Gaga Vesha took it over. Five boys from this school went to the Bulsar Board- 
ing-school during the year. Among them was the son of the headman of the village. 
This son, if his life is spared, is to become the headman of the village. Let us hope 
and pray that his training in a Christian school will be so that he may become a good 
leader of his people. A few years ago his father was a bitter enemy of the mission; 

A Bible Woman. 
Sonabai Goga. 

Typical Bhil Women We Meet in the Villages. 
Teacher and Pive Boys of the TTndi School. Mother and sister of some of our school boys. 

Annual Report 


The Burdened Little Sister. 

but now, as the teacher of the village puts it, " he has become as gentle as a goat," and 
is our best friend. Thanks to the influence of good teachers. 

Vasna (Vos'ur-na) : Five little boys attended this school regularly during the 
year. During the monsoon for a few months, the regular teacher being away, a sub- 
stitute took the work. During these few months 
cholera broke out in the village. The school closed 
for a time. One little boy was taken by the dreadful 
disease. The substitute teacher did praiseworthy 
work among the people, and stuck faithfully to his 
post while cholera was raging. Many of the people 
fled from the village until the plague was stayed. 

Andra (On'dra): This is the banner school with 
the exception of the one here at our central station. 
The villagers have drawn up a contract with the mis- 
sion to send a certain number of boys to school regu- 
larly. The father of each boy has signed the con- 
tract. No boy is to remain absent without permis- 
sion from the teacher, and no boy is to be removed 
from the school without the permission of the mis- 
sionary in charge. When children are kept out with- 
out permission a fine of four annas a day is imposed 
for as many days as the child is absent. Thirteen 
boys attended school regularly during the year. 

Morarnia (Mo-rarn'yah) : The teacher of this 
school is a farmer who, to set up in this line of work, 
borrowed money from the mission.. This debt he is 
paying back at the rate of 3 rupees ($1) per month 
by teaching a night-school. All the boys who attend the school are farmers and most 
of them are married men. The school is in session only about half of the year, for 
when the crop is in the field it must be watched from thieves and animals both day 
and night. From March until August is the best time for this school. 

Vali (Vul-ly) : Through the diligent effort of our energetic teacher this school 
has had the most successful year in its history. The school has been registered by 
the government taking in hand its in- 
spection and examination. The state ed- 
ucational inspector visited the school 
twice during the year and was much 
pleased with the work done and the at- 
tendance maintained. Children from 
three villages attend. For 1915 an- 
other teacher has been employed, and 
it is hoped the enrollment will be much 
increased. It takes almost all the time 
of one teacher to gather the children in 
every day. He really becomes the rally- 
ing officer of the school. This is the 
only one of all our village .schools hav- 
ing any girls in attendance. These are 
Christian and Parsee girls. New quar- 
ters for the school are under construc- 
tion in connection with the Vali church. 
When these are finished the school will 
have better accommodations than ever 
before. Vall Sunday-school Boys. 


Annual Report 

Primary Sunday-School, Amlettha, 


The International Sunday-school 
Lessons were taught in all. our Sunday- 
schools and 100 candidates entered the 
All-India Sunday-school Examination in 
July. For some reason results have 
been very slow in arriving, and all have 
not yet come in. So far sixty-nine 
passes are recorded. The large majority 
of the village school-children and the 
adult Christians take the oral examina- 
tions. In the Vali Sunday-school five 
pupils were present every Sunday dur- 
ing the year, and four had been absent 
but one Sunday. Both the large picture 
roll and small pictures were used in the 
primary department. 

Women's Work. 
In Vali two women worked among the 
Christian and: non-Christian women dur- 
ing the year. One woman taught daily 
in the village school. Besides Vali the 
two women also visited frequently the 
non-Christian women in five of the 

near-by villages. The missionary in charge accompanied these women as often as the 
weather allowed her to do so. At each of the sub-stations the wife of the worker 

visited the homes of the vil- 
lage people and ministered to 
the needs of the Christian 
women and children of her 
community. The Christian 
women workers soon become 
the friends and chief advisers of 
their non-Christian neighbors. 
The Christian woman can sew 
and the non-Christian woman, 
as a rule, can not, so she brings 
her patching and many of her 
new garments to be made to 
the teacher's wife. In this way 
the Bible woman or teacher 
has many an opportunity to 
talk with the village women 
concerning the better life. 
House-to-house visitation is one 
of the best ways our women 
workers have of gaining the 
friendship and love of the non- 
Christian women. During the 
year we lost through death One 
of the very best of our women 
workers. She grew to woman- 
hood in the Bulsar Orphanage 
and was married to Bhaiji 
The Parmer Teacher witfc F ive Representatives of His Dhanji in October, 1913. 

Annual Report 


Vali Village Schools. 

Name of Village. 


Jamoli, . . 

Undi, .... 
Vasna, . . 
Andra, . . , 
Vali, .... 

Himet Moti, .. 
Himet Moti, .. 
Daya Prema, . . 
Gaga Vesa, . . . 
Reva Damodar, 
Punja Hiri, . . 
Bapu Rancod, 
Nagar Dahnji, 
Suntosh Dhanji 





































Vali Sunday-Schools. 

Name of S. S. 


Amlettha (Om-lay-thah), 




Andra, . . 


E. B. Miller, 
B. Dhanji, . 
Gaga Visa, . 
B. Rancod, 
D. Pancha, . 
P. Hari, ... 








Rs. 55-7-3 

Vali Women's Work. 

Worn ™$o?ker». Plac ^ of Work " 



Teacher of Primary grade. 
Worker among women. 




Ratan Punja, 

Lardu Hathi,* 



Bible Woman.- • 

Ohuli Punja,*** 


Bible Woman. 


Bible Woman. 

Jhagadia (Jug-gurd'-yah), ... 
Raj Padi (Roj-Pae'-dy), .... 

Bible Woman. 
Bible Woman. 

♦In Bible School. ** Transferred to Vyara Jan. i, 1915. 
tin Training Class, Bulsar. *** Transferred to Anklesvar Jan. .1, 1915. 
j Deceased. 

68 Annual Report 




Short History. 

Vada (Var'dah) Station was opened by Bro. S. P. Berkebile, and a native brother 
in October, 1905. In 1907 land was bought and building operations were begun. It 
was a hard job to build the bungalow and dig the well at Vada. The people seemed 
interested and some schools were opened. Things were quite promising. Sister 
Powell and Sister Ella Miller were located there for language study. Sister Powell 
remained up to the time of her furlough in June, 1913, except one year spent at Bulsar 
(Bul'sar), while the Vada work was partly closed. The exposure, excessively hard 
building work, and a siege of typhoid, lowered Bro. Berkebile's vitality so much that 
they had to go to America on sick leave early in 1910. When they left Vada Brother 
and Sister Brubaker took charge of the work and continued until his untimely death in 
October, 1910. For about a year the work was partly closed. A few native workers 
remained, and Bro. Adam Ebey made monthly trips to see them, except during the 
rainy season of 1911. In December, 1911, Sister Powell returned to Vada and Brother 
and Sister Kaylor were located there for language study. Things livened up at once. 
The Kaylors were sent to the Dangs (Dongs) in January, 1913, and Brother and Sister 
Heisey and Sister Anna M. Eby were sent to Vada for language study. Sister Powell 
went on furlough in June, 1913, and the three newcomers had their hands full. Bro. 
Heisey's health failing, they returned to America in January, 1914. Sister B. Mary 
Royer was located at Vada, but she and Sister Eby spent several months in the Marathi 
(Mur-rot'ty) Language School. At the close of the school in June, it was not thought 
best that they go to Vada alone, hence they were at Ahwa (Ah'wah) until the Language 
School opened again in January, 1915. Thus Vada has been without a resident mission- 
ary all year. Bro. Adam Ebey made several trips, and has been in charge during 1914. 

Vada County has an area of 307 square miles, has 157 villages and a population of 
about 45,000. There are two good roads leading to Vada. The nearest railway station 
on a good road is twenty-nine miles away. Sixty-five per cent of the people belong to 
the backward classes, and 96 per cent are illiterate. There is also a large Mohammedan 
population. There is a good opening for school work. 

Dependent on Vada County, and to the northeast, is Mokhada (Mo'khud-dah) 
Petha (Pay'tah), sub-county. Its area is 244 square miles. It has sixty-four villages 
and a population of 35,000, of whom 88 per cent are of the backward classes and 99 per 
cent are illiterate. The government has opened some schools and is trying to train 
some of the jungle people as teachers. 

Between Vada and the sea is Mahim (Mo'him) County, with 400 square miles, 193 
villages, and a population of 85,000. Sixty-five per cent are of the backward classes 
and 95 per cent are illiterate. 


Poor Vada! What shall we say of thee? Thou hast souls, many souls. Thou hast 
waiting souls; waiting for the Gospel; waiting for the Light. Thou hast not had a 
fair chance. 'Tis true, thou art off to one side. 'Tis true, jungle surrounds thee. 'Tis 
true, thy summers are hot and thy monsoon rains excessive. But, 'tis also true, thou 
hast precious souls! 

Reluctantly and hesitatingly I undertook the supervision of the Vada work again. 
I had had a little experience and knew what it meant in disappointments and burdens, 
being so far away. But in some ways I was more disappointed in my efforts to over- 
see the work properly than in 1911. Sickness in the family kept me from making sev- 
eral of the planned monthly trips. Later the rains were excessive and continued Ion- 

Annual Report 


ger than usual. Then sickness and family affairs hindered. Then, later, plague and 
cholera near home have completely upset my plans for getting to Vada. But, on the 
other hand, there has been a sympathetic response on the part of the workers that has 
moved my heart often and made me long to do more for Vada and her people. By 
a system of carefully-arranged reports and scores of letters I have been able to keep 
in much closer touch with the work than I had anticipated. I am only sorry that I 
have not been able to make more frequent visits. 


No extensive medical work has been attempted, but each sub-station has been sup- 
plied with some simple remedies by the missionary. 


Two brethren have been teaching the people and several have been asking for 
baptism, but I fear to baptize them, for they live so far from proper teaching and 
shepherding. Sorrowful experiences in the past history of the mission led me to think 
it unwise to leave newly-baptized converts uncared for. The enemy will take them 
back if he can, and then they are worse off than before and harder to reach. Oh, the 
burden on the heart and the shame of it all, that it must be so! Two sisters have also 
been at work doing a little towards the uplifting of their fellows. I leave the record of 
the work to God. 


Two schools have been in session all year, and three part of the time. One of these 
was closed for a few months at the opening of the year on account of the sickness of 
the teacher. It was reopened in February with a new teacher. This school again 
closed in November, but probably would not have closed had a missionary been present 
to help overcome the misunderstanding. 

Another school was- opened in April, which has been doing good work. The teach- 
er also has a small night-school for a few who can not attend the day-school. He 
does this night work gratis. 

One of the schools has been registered by the government school inspector for 

Here is a table of the schools: 

Name of Schools. 

Borhoti (Bor-ho'-ti), .. . 

Sarse (Sur-say), 

Sarse, Night,* 

Nada (Nar'da), 

Magathane (Mog-a-thar' 



*Meets at night. 





101 35 
17 116 





34 23 
94 86 





Annual Report 

Stations, Their Equipment and Responsibility. 







i£ ~ 
a > 



3 > 



Bulsar, . . 
Dahanu, . . 
.Jalalpor, . 


Vyara, . . . 
Vada, . . . . 

| 26 









































Totals, | 10[ 18[ 1041 471 9| 6| 42| 55|1,228| 68| 49| 25 1 




Church Statistics, 1914. 



































































c g* 



O ft—' 





























8) 10 

1 5 

1 3 
















140- 0- 


50- 8- 

25- 0- 

65- 0- 





7 I 




4 5 











1 o 




Totals, | 7|1,162| 98| 34| 36| 21| 23| 12|1,228| 6| 5| 13| 16| 7|4««- 7- 

* Divide by three to get amount in dollars. 

Village Schools, 1914. 

Name of Station. 

Anklesvar, | 19, 








Vadi 1 1| 















1 K 


Totals 1 54] 501 7011,3301 
















5 6 


































| 2.0_ 
















K to 


t> D 

.c d 










4 th 


4 th 


4 th 


4 th 









No examinations. 
No examinations. 

Home Mission. 


Annual Report 


Sunday-Schools, 1914. 




§1 •!■ 



X to d 


h b n 

■£ Results 




t. -e 

c of Exam. 





















bo a 

c 3 

O a) 







C to 
"" d 


<d t; 

tu o 













>d <» 




a 3 



o-= c 




d * 



































en ffi 

S' (V h 



Anklesvar, . . 






416- 5- 

5)283- 3- 














2 2 





30- 3- 









2 2 




207- 3- 


2S0- 0- 










3 4 





Dahanu, .... 

8 2 




55- 1- 


50- 5- 











2| 2 



















6| 6| 






94- 1- 


























81 8 






63- 0- 

3 14 












Vadi, Rudha, 

l| 1 




4- 4- 

4- 0- 













1,023- 5- 




912|29|17|82|42|460|334| 1 

* Divide by three to get amount in dollars. 

The Boarding Schools. 
















Name of the 


































CO" - * 














Boys' School, Bulsar, . . 




Primary to the 7th. 



Girls' School, Bulsar, . . 





Kindergarten to 6th. 




Boys' School, Vyara, . . 




Primary to the 4th. 




Girls' School, Vyara, . . 




Primary to the 3rd. 







1 16 



Work in the Bible School. 

Name of 




















Subjects Taught. 

Govind Khengar, 
J. M. Blough, ... 

Govind Khengar, 









O. T. Outline 

O. T., Joshua 
and Judges 

Life of Christ 


N. Testament 

History and 

Geography of 






Tables Continued on Page 96. 

72 Annual Report 


1. World-Wide Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 7,593 69 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 35,698 00 

Income from endowment and real estate, 36,185 06 

Interest and earnings, Brethren Publishing House, 10,940 00 

Interest on bank account, 412 44 

Rent from Switzerland property, -. . . . 37 24 83.272 74 

$ 90,866 43 
Expenditures — 

Annual Meeting Committees. See Account No. 26, $ 199 26 

Annuities on endowment funds, 25,888 63 

Publications. See Account No. 29 8,307 57 

General Expense. See Account No. 31, 6,989 71 

Missionary Deputation Work. See Account No. 28, 1,984 57 

District Mission Work. See Account No. 27, 6,275 00 

Sweden Mission. See Account No. 4, 3,339 33 

Denmark Mission. See Account No. 5, 2,812 25 

India Mission. See Account No. 2 23,701 65 

China Mission. See Account No. 3, 13,344 76 92,842 73 

Deficit, March 1, 1915, '. . $ 1,976 30 

2. India Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balances from various India accounts last year $ 8,530 60 

Donations reported through Visitor, $ 691 46 

Interest on endowment 186 87 

Special supports of workers. See Account No. 12, 9,725 00 

Transmission to missionaries. See Account No. 14, 1,052 54 

Native schools. Reported in Visitor, 157 28 

Missionaries' children's school. See Account No. 19, 5 00 

Industrial Work. Reported in Visitor, 14 00 

Bible Dormitories. See Account No. 20 131 00 

Vyara Girls' School. See Account No. 21, 2,211 94 

Hospital. Reported in the Visitor, 403 17 

Churchhouses. See » Account No. 22, 300 00 

Widows' Home. Reported in Visitor, 87 79 

Boarding-school. Reported in Visitor, 1,229 63 

Orphanage and training department. Reported in Visitor, 2,896 39 

Umalla churchhouse. See Account No. 23 15 00 

Ahwa boarding-school. See Account No. 24, 114 52 

Native workers. See Account No. 13 3,110 04 

Medical missions balance closed into this fund, 12 00 

Refund on steamer fare and voyage money, 41 62 

From World-Wide Fund to balance 23,701 65 46,086 90 

Expenditures — 

General Missions $ 6,565 06 

Support of workers, 12,629 50 

Fares, money advanced for voyage, etc., for missionaries, 3,019 98 

Outfits, medical allowances, medical journals, 485 00 

Native quarters, Anklesvar, 500 00 

Native quarters, general, 1,520 00 

Anklesvar fence 200 00 

Water systems at three stations, 200 00 

Bungalow repairs, 500 00 

Medical work, 367 00 

$ 54,617 50 

Annual Report 73 

Vali church, $ 750 00 

Bulsar bungalow, . . . • ■ 1,000 00 

Land, general, 750 00 

Vali orphan farmers, 100 00 

Vacation fund, 350 00 

Bible School, 500 00 

Publishing work, 281 00 

Anklesvar Boarding-school, 300 00 

Heavy furniture 375 00 

Marathi Center, 200 00 

Ahwa Boarding-school equipment, 100 00 

Dispensary and equipment, 500 00 

Land, Bulsar, 650 00 

Language School, 250 00 \ 

Bulsar rent houses, 150 00 

Moving Bulsar rent houses, 100 00 

Furlough account, 600 00 

Native schools, 225 71 

Industrial work 400 00 

Vyara Girls' School, 210 60 

Churchhouses, 800 00 

Widows' Home, 172 00 

Boarding-schools, 2,102 50 

Orphanage and Training-school, 2,403 00 

Umalla churchhouse, 15 00 

Ahwa Boarding-school, 187 50 

Native workers, 2,597 73 

Transmission to missionaries, 1,052 54 $ 43,109 12 

Balances to New Year — 

Native schools , $ 24 82 

Missionaries' Children's School, 10 00 

Loan fund, 255 37 

Bible Dormitories, 251 00 

Vyara Girls' School, 3,091 64 

Hospital, 3,066 40 

Building fund, 80 19 

Orphanage and training department, 3,733 14 

Native workers, : 995 82 11,508 38 

$ 54,617 50 

3. China Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balances from old year, $ 6,312 13 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, $ 1,094 42 

Interest on endowment, 69 00 

Special supports of workers. Account No. 12, 4,310 42 

South China Mission. Reported in Visitor, 245 04 

Orphanage. Reported in Visitor, 932 40 

Hospital. Reported in Visitor 565 62 

Liao Chou Hospital. Account No. 25, 627 86 

Ping Ting Hsien Hospital. Reported in Visitor, 8 50 

Boys' School. Reported in Visitor, 360 35 

Girls' School. Reported in Visitor, 700 02 

Transmission. Account No. 15 329 31 

Native workers. Account No. 17, 343 44 

Churchhouse. Ping Ting Hsien. Account No. 18, 202 00 

Trout Bible Class, Roanoke, Va. Special, 50 00 

Refunds on freight by missionaries 98 60 

From World-wide, to balance account 13,344 76 23,281 74 

Exp enditures — 

General missions, $ 4,666 12 

Supports of workers, 6,354 41 

$ 29,593 87 

74 Annual Report 

Steamer fares and voyage expense, $ 693 64 

Freight allowances for outfits of missionaries, 282 73 

Increase in outfits and heavy furniture allowance, 1,167 61 

Supplies, medical and Boys' School, 332 19 

Agency hire, transportation, etc., 370 50 

Boys' School and land, Liao Chou, 5,000 00 

Liao Chou Girls' School, 100 00 

Orphanage, 825 00 

Boys' School, Ping Ting Hsien, 3,500 00 

Transmission, 333 63 

Native workers, 276 38 23,902 21 

Ealances — 

South China Mission, $ 245 04 

Orphanage, 841 56 

Hospital, • 621 62 

Liao Chou Hospital, 627 86 

Ping Ting Hsien Hospital, 8 50 

Boys' School, Ping Ting Hsien, 2,147 26 

Girls' School, 792 59 

Native workers-, 205 23 

Churchhouse, Ping Ting Hsien, 202 00 5,691 66 

$ 29,593 87 

4. Sweden Fund. 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, $ 500 

For work among Sweden's poor. Account No. 16, 81 50 

Support of workers. Account No. 12, 299 77 

From World-wide to balance account, 3,339 33 3,725 60 

Expenditures — 

Support of Sweden District Mission work, $ 1,320 75 

Furniture allowance of workers, 150 00 

Transmission for Sweden's Poor, 81 50 

Reserve fund, 750 00 

Supports of workers, rent, etc., 1,423 35 3,725 60 

5. Denmark Fund. 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, $ 10 00 

Transmission account. Receipt No. 7471, 2 50 

From World-wide to balance account, 2,812 25 $ 2,824 75 

Expenditures — 

Support of Denmark District Mission work, $ 736 00 

Furniture allowance of workers, 100 00 

Reserve fund, 750 00 

Supports of workers, rent, etc., 1,236 25 

Transmission, 2 50 2,824 75 


6. Church Extension. 


Balance on hand from last year, $ 13,033 25 

Donations. Reported in the Visitor, 29 50 $ 13,062 75 

Balance to new year, $ 13,062 75 


Annual Report 


Bills Receivable. 
Receipts — 

Loans paid by churches, — 

Red River, Okla., $ 

Slifer, Iowa, 

Rockford, 111., 

Egeland, N. Dak., 

Empire, Cal., 

McClave, Colo., 

Verdigris, Kans., 

Chico, Cal., 

Onekama, Mich., 

Newton, Kans., 

Raisin, Cal., 

Bloom, Kans., 

Tacoma, Wash., 

Elk City, Okla., 

Antioch, Colo 

Weston, Oregon, 

Fort Worth, Texas, 

Balance of loans in force at close of year, . . . 

Expenditures — 

Loan to Freeport church, Illinois, 

Balance of loans from last year, 

200 00 

300 00 

127 51 

100 00 

200 00 

190 00 

60 00 

100 00 

100 00 

160 00 

200 00 

200 00 

140 00 

100 00 

40 00 

120 00 

34 CO 


2,371 51 


12,661 74 

$ 15,033 25 

2,000 00 

13,033 25 

15,033 25 

7. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, 

Earnings Brethren Publishing House, $ 1,560 00 

Earnings Gish Publishing Fund, 464 72 

Payment on J. M. Mohler property, Quinter, Kans., 131 85 

Expenditures — 

Paid out during the year in assistance to ministers and 
widows of ministers, 

8. Gish Testament Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, 

Income during year from sales of Testaments, 

Expenditures — 

Binding 1,755 Testaments, 

Balance to new year, 

648 56 
728 96 

$ 11,786 59 

2,156 57 
$ 13,943 16 

1,315 00 
$ 12,628 16 

$ 1,377 52 

464 85 
$ 912 67 

9. Gish Publishing Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, 

- Income from sales of books to ministers $ 480 15 

Sales of books to Brethren Publishing House 44 04 

Income from Gish Endowment, -. 3 323 61 

Expenditures — 

Annuity Sister Barbara Gish $ 1,000 00 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 464 72 

$ 1,119 85 

3,847 80 
$ 4,967 65 

76 Annual Report 

Books published and purchased during the year, $ 2,878 95 

Labels of Gish Publishing Fund, 3 75 

Expense of committee, 3 80 $ 4,351 22 

Balance to new year, $ 616 43 

10. Special Funds. 

Africa — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, $ 85 01 

Japan — 

On hand at beginning of year $ 84 30 

Donations reported in the Visitor, 1 00 85 30 

Philippines — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 

Porto Rico — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 

Work Among the Arabs — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 

South America — 

On hand at beginning of year, $ 121 34 

Donations reported in the Visitor, 5 00 

New England Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 

Southern Native White — 

On hand at beginning of year, $ 23 23 

Donations reported in the Visitor, 70 00 

San Francisco Mission — 

Donations reported in Visitor during the year, 

Cuba Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year, $ 275 77 

Donations reported in the Visitor, 8 00 283 77 

81 40 

234 42 

50 00 

126 34 

155 00 

93 23 

5 00 

Australia — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 16 00 

Medical Missions — 

Receipts — 

On hand at beginning of year, 

Expenditures — 

Transferred to India expense account for medical work, . . 

Jerusalem Mission — 

Receipts — 

On hand at beginning of year, 

Expenditures — 

To C. W. Eisenbise, Chicago, 111., $ 30 00 

Donation, Stephen Johnson, returned to him, 386 65 

Balance on hand at close of 3'ear, 

Brooklyn Italian Mission — 

Donations reported in Visitor during the year, 

Seattle, Churchhouse, Washington — 

Receipts — 

Donations reported in the Visitor 

Expenditures — 

Paid out to Seattle Brethren, 

12 00 

12 00 

557 31 

416 65 

140 66 

174 88 

19 40 

19 40 

Annual Report 77 

Chicago Sunday-school Extension — 
Receipts — 

Donations reported in the Visitor, $ 93 12 

Expenditures — 

Paid out to the Chicago Extension Brethren, 93 12 

Belgian Relief- 
Receipts — 

Donations reported in the Visitor, 1,120 38 

Expenditures — 

Paid out to Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1,120 38 

11. Denver Colored Home Property.* 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand from last year, $ 404 07 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 29 45 

Newcomb Realty Co., payment on 1915 lease, 90 00 119 45 

$ 523 52 
Expenditures — 

T. E. George, Burr Oak, Kans., $ 250 00 

A. C. Daggett, Covert, Kans. To lift mortgage against 

the home, , 8,000 00 

A. C. Daggett, Covert, Kans. Interest on mortgage, .... 225 00 

Taxes on the property, 94 16 8,569 16 

Balance to new year, $ 8,045 64 

*This property has been deeded to the General Mission Board, upon the General 
Board's payment of the mortgage of $8,000. 

12. Special Support Funds. 

Southern California Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7353, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7698, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Gertrude Emmert in India, 300 00 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 7117, 150 00 

Receipt No. 7521, 150 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Jesse B. Emmert, India, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 50 00 350 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Conference offering, 1914. Reported in Visitor, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7513, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler in India, 300 00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 
Balance from last year, $ 275 00 

Receipt No. 7520, 600 00 $ 875 00 

78 Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdowson in 

India, . .$ 600 00 

Balance to new year, 275 00 $ 875 00 

Pipe Creek Congregation Maryland. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, ........; $ 160 00 

Receipt No. 7364, 250 00 

Income Elizabeth Switzer Fund,* 40 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. B. Stover in India, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 150 00 450 00 

*Note. According to agreement $50.00 per year goes into this fund as income 
on Switzer donation. Last year by mistake $60 was turned over, and this year $40 
to balance. 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7162, . $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Horning in China, 300 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 231 25 

Receipt No. 7592, * 275 00 $ 506 25 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Q. A. Holsopple in India, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 206 25 506 25 

First Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Conference offering, 1914. Reported in Visitor, $ 300 00 

Balance, to new year, 300 00 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7302, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Adam Ebey in India, 300 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7314, $ 76 87 

Receipt No. 7507 77 40 

Receipt No. 7545, 5 00 $ 159 27 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, 148 30 

Support Sister Josephine Powell in India, 300 00 448 30 

Balance due, to new year $ 289 03 

Oiler Memorial Fund. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7079, 175 00 

Receipt No. 7233 175 00 $ 500 00 

Annual Report 79 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Kathryn Holsopple and Florence B. Pit- . • . , 

tenger in India, $ 600 00 

Balance due, to new year $ 100 00 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 54 89 

Receipt No. 7140 50 00 

Receipt No. 7147, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7179, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7318, 72 16 $ 202 05 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Ira Arnold in India, ' 300 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 97 95 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society. 
Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, $ 375 00 

Support Brother D. J. Lichty in India, 250 00 $ 625 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6987, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, $ 250 00 

Support Sister Sadie J. Miller in India, 250 00 500 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 250 00 

Bethel Congregation, Nebraska. 
Receipts — 
I Receipt No. 7325, 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Raymond C. Flory in China, 

Metzger China Fund. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7354, : 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Sister Minerva Metzger in China, .... 

. . Middle Indiana Sunday-schools. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7069, ! 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rosa Kaylor in India, 

Second, Northern and Eastern Virginia Congregations. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6982, $ 54 00 

Receipt No. 6986, 18 75 

Receipt No. 7165, 9 25 

Receipt No. 7168, 32 00 

Receipt No. 7262, 1 00 

Receipt No. 7406, 30 50 

Receipt No. 7414, 25 00 

Receipt No. 7517, 50 00 

Receipt No. 7611, 20 50 

Receipt. No. 7612, ' 50 00 

150 00 

150 00 

IS 00 

15 00 

300 00 

300 00 

80 Annual Report 

Receipt No. 7628, $ 17 00 

Receipt No. 7668 50 00 

Receipt No. 7680, 14 25 $ 372 25 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, . r $ 718 06 

Support Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India, , 500 00 1,218 06 

Balance due, to new year, $ 845 81 

Oakley Congregation and Sunday-school. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7193 $ 37 40 

Receipt No. 7544, 39 16 

Receipt No. 7699, 223 21 $ 299 77 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ida Buckingham in Sweden, '. 299 77 

Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7110 $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 7111 75 00 

Receipt No. 7412, 75 00 

Receipt No. 7494, 75 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Laura M. Cottrell in India, 300 00 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Virginia. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7711, $ 675 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister A. W. Ross and one child, India, 675 00 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7631, $ 104 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Minerva Metzger in China, 104 00 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipts No. 7109, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 7289, 150 00 $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell, 300 00 

Balance due, to new year $ 75 00 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7176, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7672, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Eby in India, 300 00 

Altoona Sunday-school, Pennsylvania. 
Balance on hand from last year, no increase, $ 150 00 

Shade Creek and Scalp Level Congregations, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7593 $ 240 00 

Annual Report 81 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough in India, $ 300 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 60 00 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 275 00 

Receipt No. 7705, 6C0 00 $ 875 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother J. M. Pittenger in India and J. Homer 

Bright in China, 600 00 

Balance to new year, $ 275 00 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7011, $ 45 45 

Receipt No. 7369, 27 36 

Conference offering, reported in the Visitor, 27 65 

Receipt No. 7513, 34 36 $ 134 82 

Expenditures — 

Towards the support of Sister Anna Hutchison in China, 134 82 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7374, $ 150 00 

Income on Oiler Endowment Fund, 300 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nora Lichty in India, $ 300 00 

Support Sister Lizzie Flory in China, 150 00 450 00 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Association, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, $ 250 00 

Support Brother J. M. Blough in India, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 348 52 

Receipt No. 7396, 570 00 $ 918 52 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Mary Stover in India, $ 300 00 

Support Sister Winnie Cripe in China, 300 00 600 00 

Balance to new year, $ 318 52 

Southwest Kansas District. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7395, $ 750 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker in China, 600 00 

Balance to new year, $ 150 00 

Southern Illinois Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7493, $ 150 00 

82 Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Eliza B. Miller in India, $ 300 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 150 00 

North Dakota China Fund. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6966, $ 5 00 

Transfer from China expense to balance, 104 41 $ 109 41 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, 109 41 

Panther Creek Congregation, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6956, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 7158, 75 00 

Receipt No. 7321, 75 00 

Receipt No. 7547, 50 00 $ 275 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh in India, 275 00 

English River Sunday-school, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7210, ■ $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7569, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice K. Ebey in India, 300 00 

Salem Congregation, Ohio. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7136 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due, from last year $ 300 00 

Support Sister Minnie Bright in China, 300 00 $ 600 03 

Balance due, to new year, $ 300 00 

Lordsburg Congregation and Sunday-schcol. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6945 $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 7037 50 00 

Receipt No. 7195, 50 CO 

Receipt No. 7293 TO 00 

Conference offering, 1914 , 114 15 $ 314 15 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister Ernest Yaniman in China. . . 600 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 285 85 

Cocn River Congregation, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7603, 100 87 $ 250 87 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Arnold in India, 300 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 49 13 

Annual Report 83 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 7444, 150 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Fred J. Wampler in China, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 50 00 350 00 

Isaiah and Olive Brenaman. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7118, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7446, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother John I. Kaylor in India, 300 00 

Sunday-schools of Flora, Bachelor Run, Upper and Lower Deer Creek 
and Howard, Indiana. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7099, $ 31 16 

Receipt No. 7100, 81 47 

Receipt No. 7101, 74 28 

Receipt No. 7102 24 12 

Receipt No. 7420, 75 00 

Receipt No. 7421, 31 62 

Receipt No. 7422, 10 00 

Receipt No. 7423, 1 00 

Receipt No. 7424, 125 74 

Receipt No. 7425, 2 21 $ 456 60 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Dr. O. G. Brubaker and family in 

China, 456 60 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7060, $ 3 00 

Receipt No. 7462, 150 00 $ 5C0 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rebecca Wampler in China, $ 390 00 

Balance to new year, 200 00 500 00 

Northern District, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7283, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough in China, 300 00 

Tulpehocken Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7086, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 7635, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister B. Mary Royer in India, 300 00 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7092, $ 3 58 

Expenditures — 

Transferred to India Transmission for work in India, ... 3 58 


Annual Report 

13. India Native Workers. 

Receipt No. 6927, $ 5 00 

Receipt No. 6929, 50 00 

Receipt No. 6943 15 54 

Receipt No. 6946, 30 03 

Receipt No. 6960 15 00 

Receipt No. 6963, 30 00 

Receipt No. 6964, 20 00 

Receipt No. 6970 14 25 

Receipt No. 6976, 37 50 

Receipt No. 6979, 15 00 

Receipt No. 6983, 60 00 

Receipt No. 6996, 30 00 

Receipt No. 6997, 27 00 

Receipt No. 7007, 12 00 

Receipt No. 7014, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7021, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7025 5 00 

Receipt No. 7026, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7027 10 00 

Receipt No. 7035 12 50 

Receipt No. 7037, 28 00 

Receipt No. 7042, 15 75 

Receipt No. 7046, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7050, 25 00 

Receipt No. 7054, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7056, 5 00 

Receipt No. 7061, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7025, 25 15 

Receipt No. 7081, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7084, 5 00 

Receipt No. 7105, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7108 30 03 

Receipt No. 7118 30 03 

Receipt No. 7120, 19 00 

Receipt No. 7121 12 00 

Receipt No. 7123 60 03 

Receipt No. 7135, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7151, 120 00 

Receipt No. 7153 53 21 

Receipt No. 7155, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7156, 10 03 

Receipt No. 7166, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7173 25 00 

Receipt No. 7172^4, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7187, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7191 25 03 

Receipt No. 7192, 2 00 

Receipt No. 7218, 60 00 

Conference offering 105 03 

Receipt No. 7225, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7228, 50 00 

Receipt No. 7237, 5 00 

Receipt No. 7239, 2 00 

Receipt No. 7240 25 00 

Receipt No. 7246, 13 34 

Receipt No. 7250, 6 95 

Receipt No. 7251 15 00 

Receipt No. 7254, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7256, 10 00 

Receipt No. 7264 5 50 

Receipt No. 7267, 32 00 

Receipt No. 7282, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7287, 

Receipt No. 7290, 

Receipt No. 7301 

Receipt No. 7303 

Receipt No. 7326, 

Receipt No. 7329, 

Receipt No. 7341, 

Receipt No. 7343 

Receipt No. 7344 

Receipt No. 7345 

Receipt No. 7346, 

Receipt No. 7347 

Receipt No. 7348 

Receipt No. 7355 

Receipt No. 7356 

Receipt No. 7357, 

Receipt No. 7367, 

Receipt No. 7371 

Receipt No. 7391 

Receipt No. 7401, 

Receipt No. 7431, 

Receipt No. 7432 

Receipt No. 7446, 

Receipt No. 7449, 

Receipt No. 7455, 

Receipt No. 7465, 

Receipt No. 7470 

Receipt No. 7489 

Receipt No. 7490 

Receipt No. 7499 

Receipt No. 7501 

Receipt No. 7509 

Receipt No. 7526 

Receipt No. 7528, 

Receipt No. 7530 

Receipt No. 7533 

Receipt No. 7551 

Receipt No. 7554 

Receipt No. 7558 

Receipt No. 7563 

Receipt No. 7564 

Receipt No. 7584 

Receipt No. 7596 

Receipt No. 7598, 

Receipt No. 7599 

Receipt No. 7606, 

Receipt No. 7614 

Receipt No. 7623 • . 

Receipt No. 7624 

Receipt No. 7626 

Receipt No. 7632, 

Receipt No. 7648, 

Transferred from World- 
wide , 

Receipt No. 7660, 

Receipt No. 7664 

Receipt No. 7666 

Receipt No. 7676 

Receipt No. 7690, 

Receipt No. 7694, 

F 15 00 

5 00 

60 03 

30 00 

20 00 

60 00 

15 00 

25 00 

5 00 

15 00 

15 00 

12 50 

18 00 

60 00 

20 00 

12 50 

30 00 

60 00 

30 00 

50 00 

1 61 

5 00 

30 00 

5 00 

15 00 

15 00 

60 00 

5 00 

60 00 

6 50 

10 00 

30 00 

30 00 

24 31 

15 00 

35 00 

120 00 

50 00 

20 00 

15 00 

25 00 

25 00 

20 00 

1 00 

12 50 

30 00 

12 50 

40 00 

15 00 

10 00 

50 00 

60 00 

4 90 

15 00 

12 50 

15 00 

20 00 

15 00 

10 00 

3,110 04 

Annual Report 


14. India Transmission. 

Receipt No. 

6932, $ 

80 00 

Receipt No. 



Receipt No. 


50 00 

Receipt No. 


20 00 

Receipt No. 


10 00 

Receipt No. 


2 00 

Transfer from Northwest- 

ern Ohio 

3 58 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 


6 00 


10 00 

Receipt No. 


36 00 

Receipt No. 


10 00 

Receipt No. 


5 00 

Receipt No. 


20 00 

Receipt No. 


5 00 

Receipt No. 


29 17 

Receipt No. 


1 50 

Receipt No. 


35 00 

Receipt No. 


10 00 

Transfer A. 

W. Ross 

15 00 

Receipt No. 


5 00 

Receipt No. 


4 00 

Receipt No. 


20 25 

Receipt No. 


15 00 

Receipt No. 


25 00 

Receipt No. 


10 00 

Receipt No. 


18 21 

Receipt No. 


2 00 

Receipt No. 


2 50 

Receipt No. 


15 00 

Receipt No. 


10 00 

Receipt No. 


10 00 

Receipt No. 

7370, \. 

10 00 

Receipt No. 7400, $ 1071 

Transfer from India ex- 
pense, .• 37 50 

Receipt No. 7436, 3 00 

Receipt No. 7438, 4 17 

Receipt No. 7446, 5 00 

Receipt No. 7448, 50 00 

Receipt No. 7453, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7457, 5 25 

Receipt No. 7467, 3 68 

Receipt No. 7474, 10 00 

Receipt No. 7475, 100 00 

Receipt No. 7478, 3 00 

Receipt No. 7481, 2 00 

Receipt No. 7555 17 40 

Receipt No. 7587, 4 52 

Receipt No. 7601, 15 00 

Receipt No. 7602, 5 

Receipt No. 7608 5 

Receipt No. 7618, 5 

Receipt No. 7619, 6 

Receipt No. 7661, 2 

Q. A. Holsopple, Transfer, 2 
A. R. Cottrell, Transfer In- 
dia expense 50 00 

Receipt No. 7669, 5 00 

Receipt No. 7670, 50 00 

Receipt No. 7671, . .- 5 00 

Receipt No. 7675, 50 00 

Receipt No. 7684, 50 00 

Receipt No. 7689, 20 00 


$ 1,052 54 

15. China Transmission. 

Receipt No. 6940 

Receipt No. 7058, 

Receipt No. 7062, 

Transfer from China ex- 

Receipt No. 7163, 

Receipt No. 7214, 

Receipt No. 7253, 

Receipt No. 7397 

Receipt No. 7413 

Receipt No. 7418 

Receipt No. 7445 

Receipt No. 7447, 

26 00 

8 00 

30 00 

75 00 

5 00 

5 00 

15 00 

4 00 

9 00 

1 50 

3 00 

Receipt No. 7452, 

Receipt No. 7459, 

Receipt No. 7477, 

Receipt No. 7595, 

Receipt No. 7619, 

Receipt No. 7630, 

Receipt No. 7640, 

Receipt No. 7642, 

Receipt No. 7643, 

Receipt No. 7665, 

20 00 
2 00 

14 31 
7 75 
6 50 

20 00 

25 25 
5 00 
1 0k 

20 00 

26 00 

$ 329 31 

16. Sweden Transmission. 

Receipt No. 7476 $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 7480, 5 50 

Receipt No. 7285 10 00 

Receipt No. 7372, 5 00 

Receipt No. 7403, 10 00 

Receipt No. 7407, 
Receipt No. 7426, 

25 00 
1 00 

81 50 

17. China Native Workers. 

Receipt No. 6965, $ 43 00 

Receipt No. 7034 17 41 

Receipt No. 7090, 30 00 

Receipt No. 7182, 17 21 

Receipt No. 7250, 12 50 

Receipt No. 7380, 18 09 

86 Annual Report 

Receipt No. 7573, $ 60 00 Receipt No. 7615, 47 73 

Receipt No. 7538, 60 00 

Receipt No. 7565, 37 50 $ 343 44 

18. China Churchhouse (Ping Ting). 

Receipt No. 7567, $ 100 00 Reported in Feb. Visitor, 2 00 

Receipt No. 7656, 100 00 

$ 202 00 

19. India Missionaries' Children's School. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7678 $ 500 

20. India Bible Dormitories. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6935, $ 120 00 

Receipt No. 7036, 1 00 

Receipt No. 7059, 10 00 $ 131 00 

21. Vyara Girls' School, India. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 

6937, $ 20 30 

6938, 22 25 

6939, 8 25 

6944, 10 48 

6955, 9 47 

6975, 9 65 

6981, 20 00 

7098, 96 89 

7167, 27 45 

7529, 1,000 00 

7531, 153 00 

7561, 210 60 

7575, , 100 00 

7576, 100 00 

7577 100 00 

7578 50 00 

7579 10 60 

7580 13 00 

7607, 200 00 

7613, 50 00 $ 2,21194 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6936, 

22. India Churchhouses. 

$ 300 00 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7080, 

23. Umalla Churchhouse. 

15 00 

24. Ahwa Boarding School, India. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7291 $ 80 00 

Receipt No. 7486, 34 52 $ 114 52 

Annual Report 

25. Liao Hsien Hospital, China. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7261 $ 100 00 

Receipt No. 741 1 500 00 

Receipt No. 7574, 13 50 

Receipt No. 7659 14 36 

26. Annual Meeting Committees. 

Expenditures — 

Expenses of Auditing Committee, 1914, 

27. District Mission Work. 

Expenditures — 

Oklahoma $ 300 CO 

Eastern Maryland, 200 CO 

Middle Missouri 1,350 00 

Southern Missouri, 125 CO 

Washington 600 00 

Northwestern Ohio, 250 00 

Northern Iowa, 200 00 

Southern Iowa, 500 00 

Texas and Louisiana, 650 00 

Middle Iowa, 200 00 

Northern California 250 00 

Southern California and Arizona, 400 00 

Michigan 200 00 

Southeast Pennsylvania, N. J., and New York, 600 00 

North and South Carolina, Ga., and Fla., 150 00 

Chicago Sunday-school Extension, 300 00 


$ 627 86 

$ 199 26 

$ 6,275 00 

28. Missionary Deputation Work. 

Expenditures — 
H. C. Early- 
Expenses in visiting churches of China and India, 1913 and 

1914, $ 669 29 

Salary, September 7, 1913-March 23, 1914, 495 99 $* 1,165 28 

Galen B. Royer — * 

Expenses in visiting churches of Denmark, Sweden, China 

and India, 1913, 1914 $ 659 29 

Expense in visiting Persia, allowed by Board 150 CO $ 819 29 

$ 1,984 57 

'•"■Secretary's salary, July 17, 1913-March 23, 1914, $962, continued during absence. 

29. Publication Account. 

Expenditures — 

Tracts, and carriage on same $ 341 65 

Rebate on old book and tract accounts 288 83 

Missionary Gospel Messengers and Periodicals, 1,625 64 

Annual Report of Board, 550 00 

Missionary Visitor 4 322 70 

Books. Religious Poetry of Alexander Mack, 375 CO 

Missionary Education, £03 75 

30. Building and Grounds. 

Expenditures — 

Taxes, $ 1,587 28 

Insurance, boiler, building and contents, less cancelled in- 
surance premium ($46.71), 722 67 

Steel ceilings, and redecorating editorial and proof rooms, 180 35 

S 8,207 57 


Annual Report 

Fire engines, $ 

Carpenter work, new Board rooms, and floors in parts of 

New Board rooms and redecorating halls 

Minor repairs and upkeep, less sale of junk ($3-5.00), 

133 00 

918 37 

290 24 
4 85 




31. General Expense. 

Board's traveling expenses, $ 495 63 

Salaries, 3.183 00 

Postage, 472 88 

Traveling secretaries, 1.759 75 

Expenses to Conference and work in the West (two), .... 258 20 

Treasurer's bond, 70 00 

Furniture and supplies for new Board quarters, 148 18 

Mimeograph and supplies, 67 30 

Typewriter ■ ■ 45 00 

Medical examinations of missionary applicants and special 

missiona^ expense to Board meetings, ....." 69 90 

Office supplies, telegrams, letter heads, envelopes, vouchers, 

contracts, filing cards, etc., 419 87 

$ 6,989 71 

32. Endowment Funds. 

Note. The number preceding the amount is the number of receipt sent the donor. 

Donations to World-Wide. 

Illinois — 

6925, 5 




6968, i 













* N e t proceeds, 
sale Witmore 

Indiana — 

6952 5 












17,000 00 
300 00 
27,000 00 $ 44,300 00 

7634 $ 100 00 

7677, 200 00 

7681, 2,000 00 

7686, 500 00 

7401, 3,500 00 

1,000 00 
2,500 00 

25 00 

40 00 
500 00 

25 00 
200 00 

40 00 
500 00 

50 00 

20 00 
200 00 

25 00 

19,000 00 $ 24,125 

1,000 CO 

500 00 

2.000 CO 

300 25 

20 00 

75 00 

236 25 

100 00 

200 00 

100 00 

200 00 

30 00 

Pennsylvania — 


- 7138, 

Iowa — 



Virginia — 

7043, . 

7051, . 

7082, . 

7096, . 

7181, . 

7209, . 

7333, . 

farm sale, 

200 00 

3C0 00 

1.C00 00 

4,000 CO 

300 00 

1.000 00 

200 00 

ICO 00 

50 00 

6 00 

300 CO 

500 00 

2.000 CO 

20 00 

20 00 

100 00 

4.000 00 

100 00 

1.000 00 

100 00 

200 00 

20 00 

l.OCO 00 

50 00 

$ 11,061 50 

$ 7,956 03 

$ 6,140 00 

Annual Report 89 

7532, $ 25 00 7633 $ 400 00 

7605, 50 00 7679, 200 00 $ 2,400 00 

7638 1,000 00 „ , _, 

7667, 92 00 $ 3,637 O0 Mar y land — 

25 00 

50 00 

1,000 00 

92 00 

1,000 00 

1,000 00 

1,000 00 

100 00 

100 00 

500 00 

1,000 00 

300 00 

Kansas — 


6985, 1,000 00 West Virginia 

7324 $ 200 00 

7503, 1,100 00 $ 1,300 03 

7365; ;;;;;;;;; ^155 55 7241 > $ l >°°° 00 $ l >°°° °° 

7488', '..'.'.'.'/.'.'.'. 100 00 $ 3,200 00 New jersey- 

California — 

7207, . . . 
7257, ... 
7265, 300 00 7236, $ 25 CO $ 25 00 

7269, $ 100 00 $ 100*03 

Alabama — 

Total donations to World-wide Endowment for year, $105,244 50 

On hand at beginning of year, 677,122 21 $782,366 71 

Deducted through endowment bills receivable account, 8,152 83 

Total World-wide at close of year $774,213 88 

Annuity Mission Endowment — 

Receipt No. 6949, Iowa, $ 1,000 00 

Receipt No. 6989, Iowa, 20,000 00 

Receipt No. 7252, Iowa, 500 00 

Receipt No. 6990, Ohio, 200 00 

Receipt No. 7015, Pennsylvania, 25 00 

Receipt No. 7032, Pennsylvania, 200 00 

Receipt No. 7107, Pennsylvania, 300 00 

Receipt No. 7066, Illinois, 25 00 

Balance from last year, 29,087 21 $ 51,337 21 

India Endowment — 

Receipt No. 6968, Ohio, $ 1,000 00 

Balance from last year, 2,250 00 $ 3,250 00 

China Endowment — 

Receipt No. 6968, Ohio, : $ 1,000 00 

Receipt No. 7030, New Jersey, 100 00 

Balance from last year, 100 00 $ 1,200 00 

Gish Estate- 
Balance from last year, $ 56,334 12 

Total endowment at close of year, $886,335 21 

33. Gospel Messenger Endowment. 

Balance on hand from last year, no increase, $ 12,150 00 

34. Gilbert Estate, North Carolina. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 7360, $ 2,845 00 

Receipt No. 7429, 63 

Receipt No. 7428, 1,664 42 $ 4,510 05 

90 Annual Report 

35. Interest Bearing Funds, Received During the Year. 

Receipts — 

Bills receivable, loans paid, $ 69,885 61 

Denmark Poor Fund, interest, 180 95 

Mission Endowment, 22,250 00 

World-wide Endowment, 101,244 50 

India Endowment, 1,000 00 

China Endowment, • • 1,100 00 

Payments on real estate, 1,020 00 

Brethren Publishing House, reserve, 20,300 00 

Gilbert Estate, North Carolina, 4,510 05 

Witmore farm. Expense last year, paid back from farm, 1,000 00 

Overdrawn, interest bearing funds, 12,994 21 

$235,485 32 
Exp enditures — 

Bills receivable, new loans, $191,900 00 

World-wide Endowment, • • 8,152 83 

West Alexandria farm, Ohio, 91 14 

Denver Colored Home property, 8,045 64 

Overdrawn last year, now paid back, 27,295 71 

$235,485 32 

36. Assets. 

Cash on hand, $ 16,595 88 

Bills receivable, secured by mortgages, 839,402 58 

Brethren Publishing House, _ 130,000 00 

Church Extension, bills receivable, 12,661 74 

Real estate, • • 1,278 00 

Accounts receivable, 724 80 

Total assets, March 1, 1915, $1,000,663 00 

Total assets, March 1, 1914, 871,876 74 

Total increase, , $ 128,786 26 

37. Statement of the Ledger. 

Cash, $ 16,595 88 


World-wide Fund, $ 1,976 30 

Accounts receivable, 724 80 

(Overdrawn $2,701 10.) 


Church Extension Fund, $ 13,062 75 

Church Extension, bills receivable, $ 12,661 74 

(Cash $401 01.) 


Native sc